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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926934/public-health-interventions-for-aedes-control-in-the-time-of-zikavirus-a-meta-review-on-effectiveness-of-vector-control-strategies
#1
Maha Bouzid, Julii Brainard, Lee Hooper, Paul R Hunter
BACKGROUND: There is renewed interest in effective measures to control Zika and dengue vectors. A synthesis of published literature with a focus on the quality of evidence is warranted to determine the effectiveness of vector control strategies. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a meta-review assessing the effectiveness of any Aedes control measure. We searched Scopus and Medline for relevant reviews through to May 2016. Titles, abstracts and full texts were assessed independently for inclusion by two authors...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926926/a-robust-design-capture-recapture-analysis-of-abundance-survival-and-temporary-emigration-of-three-odontocete-species-in-the-gulf-of-corinth-greece
#2
Nina Luisa Santostasi, Silvia Bonizzoni, Giovanni Bearzi, Lavinia Eddy, Olivier Gimenez
While the Mediterranean Sea has been designated as a Global Biodiversity Hotspot, assessments of cetacean population abundance are lacking for large portions of the region, particularly in the southern and eastern basins. The challenges and costs of obtaining the necessary data often result in absent or poor abundance information. We applied capture-recapture models to estimate abundance, survival and temporary emigration of odontocete populations within a 2,400 km2 semi-enclosed Mediterranean bay, the Gulf of Corinth...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926689/bisphosphonates-are-not-always-helpful-commentary-on-an-article-by-hae-seong-lim-md-et-al-factors-associated-with-increased-healing-time-in-complete-femoral-fractures-after-long-term-bisphosphonate-therapy
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926554/intraoperative-archive-of-right-colonic-vascular-variability-aids-central-vascular-ligation-and-redefines-gastrocolic-trunk-of-henle-variants
#4
Jamal F Alsabilah, Syed A Razvi, Mahdi H Albandar, Nam K Kim
BACKGROUND: Vascular supply to the right colon has become an issue because of high variability and subsequent impact on minimally invasive surgery. Past cadaveric or radiologic anatomic assessments are noncomprehensive. OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative charting of right colonic arteriovenous anatomy was undertaken to determine the incidence and scope of vascular variations. DESIGN: Vascular anatomy variations were documented in snapshot images, captured during laparoscopic video recordings or through open surgical digital photography...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926476/mitochondrial-cytochrome-c-oxidase-is-inhibited-by-atp-only-at-very-high-atp-adp-ratios
#5
Rabia Ramzan, Andreas K Schaper, Petra Weber, Annika Rhiel, Muhammad Saad Siddiq, Sebastian Vogt
In the past, divergent results have been reported based on different methods and conditions used for enzymatic activity measurements of cytochrome c oxidase (CytOx). Here, we analyze in detail and show comparable and reproducible polarographic activity measurements of ATP- dependent inhibition of CytOx kinetics in intact and non-intact rat heart mitochondria and mitoplasts. We found that this mechanism is always present in isolated rat heart mitochondria and mitoplasts; however, it is measurable only at high ATP/ADP ratios using optimal protein concentrations...
December 7, 2016: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925791/reemergence-of-lower-airway-microbiota-in-lung-transplant-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#6
Saad A Syed, Fiona J Whelan, Barbara Waddell, Harvey R Rabin, Michael D Parkins, Michael G Surette
RATIONALE: Chronic lung infections are a hallmark of cystic fibrosis; they are responsible for progressive airway destruction and ultimately lead to respiratory death or the requirement for life-saving bilateral lung transplant. Furthermore, recurrent isolation of airway pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the allograft after transplant is associated with adverse outcomes, including bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome and acute infections. Little information exists on the impact of bilateral lung transplant on the lower-airway microbiota...
December 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925607/therapeutic-touch-in-the-management-of-responsive-behavior-in-patients-with-dementia
#7
Ananthavalli Kumarappah, Helen Senderovich
Patients with dementia experience various behavioral symptoms in the course of their illnesses, which greatly affect their quality of life. Current treatment modalities are not always effective, and, thus, nonpharmacological approaches are the preferred first-line therapy for managing such symptoms. They generally address the basic needs of the person with dementia and provide humane care, often producing noticeable improvements in symptoms. Thus, such therapies should precede pharmacological interventions...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925577/the-role-of-ultrasound-compared-to-biopsy-of-temporal-arteries-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-giant-cell-arteritis-tabul-a-diagnostic-accuracy-and-cost-effectiveness-study
#8
Raashid Luqmani, Ellen Lee, Surjeet Singh, Mike Gillett, Wolfgang A Schmidt, Mike Bradburn, Bhaskar Dasgupta, Andreas P Diamantopoulos, Wulf Forrester-Barker, William Hamilton, Shauna Masters, Brendan McDonald, Eugene McNally, Colin Pease, Jennifer Piper, John Salmon, Allan Wailoo, Konrad Wolfe, Andrew Hutchings
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a relatively common form of primary systemic vasculitis, which, if left untreated, can lead to permanent sight loss. We compared ultrasound as an alternative diagnostic test with temporal artery biopsy, which may be negative in 9-61% of true cases. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of ultrasound with biopsy in diagnosing patients with suspected GCA. DESIGN: Prospective multicentre cohort study...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925564/-kate-always-treated-me-as-a-person-as-well-as-a-patient
#9
(no author information available yet)
I was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis in 2008 and since then my inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) nurse specialist Kate Blight has been a vital member of the team overseeing my treatment. During a 3-year period when my health deteriorated and my hospital visits increased, she went beyond the call of duty many times to provide the best patient care.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925561/how-to-stay-motivated-over-the-festive-season
#10
Mandy Day-Calder
Following the success of the NHS Choir and all the happy #NHSworkingXmas tweets last year, the public could be forgiven for thinking that healthcare staff are always the epitome of Christmas cheer.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925408/application-of-single-step-genomic-best-linear-unbiased-prediction-with-a-multiple-lactation-random-regression-test-day-model-for-japanese-holsteins
#11
Toshimi Baba, Yusaku Gotoh, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Satoshi Nakagawa, Hayato Abe, Yutaka Masuda, Takayoshi Kawahara
This study aimed to evaluate a validation reliability of single-step genomic best linear unbiased prediction (ssGBLUP) with a multiple-lactation random regression test-day model and investigate an effect of adding genotyped cows on the reliability. Two data sets for test-day records from the first three lactations were used: full data from February 1975 to December 2015 (60 850 534 records from 2 853 810 cows) and reduced data cut off in 2011 (53 091 066 records from 2 502 307 cows). We used marker genotypes of 4480 bulls and 608 cows...
December 7, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925247/does-flexible-arterial-tubing-retain-more-hemodynamic-energy-during-pediatric-pulsatile-extracorporeal-life-support
#12
Shigang Wang, Allen R Kunselman, Akif Ündar
The objective of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic performance and energy transmission of flexible arterial tubing as the arterial line in a simulated pediatric pulsatile extracorporeal life support (ECLS) system. The ECLS circuit consisted of a Medos Deltastream DP3 diagonal pump head, Medos Hilite 2400 LT oxygenator, Biomedicus arterial/venous cannula (10 Fr/14 Fr), 3 feet of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) arterial tubing or latex rubber arterial tubing, primed with lactated Ringer's solution and packed red blood cells (hematocrit 40%)...
December 7, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924653/healthcare-resource-use-comorbidity-treatment-and-clinical-outcomes-for-patients-with-primary-intracranial-tumors-a-swedish-population-based-register-study
#13
Jenny Bergqvist, Hanna Iderberg, Johan Mesterton, Nils Bengtsson, Björn Wettermark, Roger Henriksson
BACKGROUND: Primary intracranial tumors are relatively uncommon and heterogeneous, which make them challenging to study. We coupled data from unique Swedish population-based registries in order to deeper analyze the most common intracranical tumor types. Patient characteristics (e.g. comorbidities), care process measures like adherence to national guidelines, healthcare resource use and clinical outcome was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A register-based study including several population-based registries for all patients living in Stockholm-Gotland, diagnosed with primary intracranial tumor between 2001 and 2013 was performed...
December 7, 2016: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924537/targeting-aflatoxin-biosynthetic-genes
#14
Ali Y Srour, Ahmad M Fakhoury, Robert L Brown
Chemical detoxification and physical destruction of aflatoxins in foods and feed commodities are mostly unattainable in a way that preserves the edibility of the food. Therefore, preventing mycotoxins in general and aflatoxins in particular from entering the food chain is a better approach. This requires early detection of the aflatoxin-causing organisms. Detection and quantification of aflatoxin-producing fungi has always been a challenge, especially within species of Aspergillus and Penicillium. Culture-based methods require a high level of expertise and a list of sophisticated equipment...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924446/educational-encounters-of-the-third-kind
#15
Gonzalo Génova, M Rosario González
An engineer who becomes an educator in a school of software engineering has the mission to teach how to design and construct software systems, therein applying his or her knowledge and expertise. However, due to their engineering background, engineers may forget that educating a person is not the same as designing a machine, since a machine has a well-defined goal, whilst a person is capable to self-propose his or her own objectives. The ethical implications are clear: educating a free person must leave space for creativity and self-determination in his or her own discovery of the way towards personal and professional fulfillment, which cannot consist only in achieving goals selected by others...
December 6, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924390/technical-standardization-of-laparoscopic-repair-of-morgagni-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-children-results-of-a-multicentric-survey-on-43-patients
#16
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Francois Varlet, Amulya Saxena, Sabine Irtan, Paul Philippe, Alessandro Settimi, Mariapina Cerulo, Holger Till, Francois Becmeur, George W Holcomb
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to standardize the surgical correction technique of congenital Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia (CMDH), analyzing the results of an international multicentric survey. METHODS: The medical records of 43 patients (29 boys, 14 girls) who underwent laparoscopic repair of CMDH in 8 pediatric surgery units in a 5-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Their average age was 3.3 years. Ten patients (23.2%) presented associated malformations: 9 Down syndrome (20...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924169/hospital-acquired-infections-after-cardiac-surgery-and-current-physician-practices-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Scott O'Keefe, Kenneth Williams, Jean-Francois Legare
BACKGROUND: The management of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) with respect to physician practices remains largely unexplored despite increasing efforts to standardize care. In the present study, we report findings from a 2-month audit of all patients that have undergone cardiac surgery at a large referral center in Atlantic Canada. METHODS: All patients who underwent cardiac surgical procedures during May and June 2013 at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center in Halifax, Nova Scotia were identified...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924167/reduction-of-falls-and-factors-affecting-falls-a-year-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-elderly-patients-with-severe-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
T Tsonga, M Michalopoulou, S Kapetanakis, E Giovannopoulou, P Malliou, G Godolias, P Soucacos
BACKGROUND: Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is a common surgical treatment for severe knee Osteoarthritis (OA), which generally improves pain, physical function, quality of life and possibly fall risk. Fall risk increases for older adults with severe knee OA; however it has not been studied extensively whether this parameter is improved after TKA. OBJECTIVE: To investigate: a) the history and frequency of falls, including mechanism or causes of falls, injuries sustained from falls reported, activity during falling and location of falls and, b) the factors affecting falls, a year after TKA in elderly patients with severe knee OA...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924163/highly-effective-auger-electron-therapy-in-an-orthotopic-glioblastoma-xenograft-model-using-convection-enhanced-delivery
#19
Helge Thisgaard, Bo Halle, Charlotte Aaberg-Jessen, Birgitte Brinkmann Olsen, Anne Sofie Nautrup Therkelsen, Johan Hygum Dam, Niels Langkjær, Sune Munthe, Kjell Någren, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Bjarne Winther Kristensen
Glioblastoma, the most common and malignant primary brain tumor, always recurs after standard treatment. Therefore, promising new therapeutic approaches are needed. Short-range Auger-electron-emitters carry the ability of causing highly damaging radiation effects in cells. The aim of this study was to test the effect of [(125)I]5-Iodo-2'-deoxyuridine ((125)I-UdR, a radioactive Auger-electron-emitting thymidine analogue) Auger-therapy on immature glioblastoma spheroid cultures and orthotopic xenografted glioblastoma-bearing rats, the latter by means of convection-enhanced delivery (CED)...
2016: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923645/evaluation-of-antioxidant-activity-of-phenolic-fractions-from-the-leaves-and-petals-of-dandelion-in-human-plasma-treated-with-h2o2-and-h2o2-fe
#20
Dariusz Jędrejek, Bogdan Kontek, Bernadetta Lis, Anna Stochmal, Beata Olas
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) is a widespread perennial of the Asteraceae family. Dandelion is a rich source of different bioactive compounds, including phenolic compounds, terpenes, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids, vitamin and minerals. However, the content of phenolics in tested extracts by various authors was not always well described. Dandelion is also a commonly available food with a long history of human use and as such poses little risk of harm. In this study, we focused on four different phenolic fractions from leaves and petals of dandelion, which might be of great interest...
December 3, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
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