Read by QxMD icon Read


Xavier Monnet, Jean-Louis Teboul
Many efforts have been made to predict, before giving fluid, whether it will increase cardiac output. Nevertheless, after fluid administration, it is also essential to assess the therapeutic efficacy and to look for possible adverse effects. Like for any drug, this step should not be missed. Basically, volume expansion is aimed at improving tissue oxygenation and organ function. To assess this final result, clinical signs are often unhelpful. The increase in urine output in case of acute kidney injury is a poor marker of the kidney perfusion improvement...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
Simon Hein, Ralf Petzold, Martin Schoenthaler, Ulrich Wetterauer, Arkadiusz Miernik
PURPOSE: To evaluate the thermal effect of Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy in a standardized in vitro model via real-time temperature measurement. METHODS: Our model comprised a 20 ml test tube simulating the renal pelvis that was immersed in a 37 °C water bath. Two different laser fibers [FlexiFib (15-45 W), RigiFib 1000 (45-100 W), LISA laser products OHG, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany] were placed in the test tube. An Ho:YAG 100 W laser was used in all experiments (LISA)...
April 24, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Andżelina Wolan-Nieroda, Andrzej Maciejczak, Grzegorz Przysada, Adrian Kużdżał, Grzegorz Magoń, Michlina Czarnota, Mariusz Drużbicki, Agnieszka Guzik
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of odontoid fractures with posterior C1/C2 fusion always leads to severe limitations in mobility of the cervical spine and head. PURPOSE: To assess the mobility of the cervical spine in patients treated with various surgical methods after an axis body fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 61 subjects receiving surgical treatment in a group of 214 subjects treated for odontoid fractures at one ward of neurosurgery at a regional hospital...
December 6, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Mitchell N Sarkies, Jennifer White, Meg E Morris, Nicholas F Taylor, Cylie Williams, Lisa O'Brien, Jenny Martin, Anne Bardoel, Anne E Holland, Leeanne Carey, Elizabeth H Skinner, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Kellie Grant, Kathleen Philip, Terry P Haines
BACKGROUND: It is widely acknowledged that health policy and practice do not always reflect current research evidence. Whether knowledge transfer from research to practice is more successful when specific implementation approaches are used remains unclear. A model to assist engagement of allied health managers and clinicians with research implementation could involve disseminating evidence-based policy recommendations, along with the use of knowledge brokers. We developed such a model to aid decision-making for the provision of weekend allied health services...
April 24, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Jane Maestri Brittain, Lars Christian Gormsen, Eric von Benzon, Kim Francis Andersen
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) are related rheumatic diseases which are occasionally present concomitantly. PMR is characterized by synovitis and bursitis. In LVV, inflammation of the blood vessel wall is seen. Both disorders can be difficult to diagnose since patients often present non-specific symptoms and results of blood tests. The non-specific symptoms cannot always be distinguished from symptoms indicating an occult malignancy. We present a case of PMR and LVV in a Scandinavian man visualized on [18 F]-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) with the presentation of typically affected sites of joints and arteries and with the same imaging modality ruling out occult malignancy...
April 22, 2018: Diagnostics
JÖrg Freyhof, CÜneyt Kaya, Esra BayÇelebİ, Matthias Geiger, Davut Turan
The generic position of Leuciscus kurui Bogutskaya, 1995 is reviewed through a comparison of morphological and molecular characters (COI). The molecular data place L. kurui in Alburnus, close to Alburnus timarensis from the Lake Van basin. Alburnus kurui (Bogutskaya) is distinguished from this species by lacking a ventral keel and possessing both a very low number of gill rakers and midlateral scales. Alburnus selcuklui, from the upper Tigris drainage, cannot be distinguished from the widespread A. sellal and is therefore treated as a synonym of this species...
April 16, 2018: Zootaxa
Nikolai M Korovchinsky
Two species of the genus Bythotrephes Leydig, B. brevimanus Lilljeborg and B. cederstrӧmii Schӧdler, are analysed. The former of them is redescribed on the basis of type material and other materials from Northern Europe while the latter one is reevaluated, in comparison with the previous recent investigation which was based on limited material being not enough for the adequate species assessment. The species under consideration were investigated with the application of detailed morphological analysis, including intra- and interpopulation variability and the original scheme of morphometric measurements...
February 15, 2018: Zootaxa
Philippe V Alves, Alain de Chambrier, JosÉ L Luque, TomÁŠ Scholz
Species of two monotypic genera, Ephedrocephalus Diesing, 1850 and Zygobothrium Diesing, 1850 (Cestoda: Proteocephalidae), parasites of one of the most basal members of the catfish family Pimelodidae, the redtail catfish, Phractocephalus hemioliopterus, in the Neotropical Region, are redescribed based on the evaluation of type specimens and newly collected material. Generic diagnoses are amended to provide a robust baseline for the future re-arrangement of the classification of proteocephalid cestodes. Ephedrocephalus is typified by the medullary position of the ovary and uterus, the cortical distribution of vitelline follicles (dispersed throughout almost the entire ventral cortex) and the testes in one dorsal field...
January 12, 2018: Zootaxa
Marie Lémery Magnin, Victor Fitoussi, Nathalie Siauve, Laetitia Pidial, Daniel Balvay, Gwennhael Autret, Charles André Cuenod, Olivier Clément, Laurent Julien Salomon
PURPOSE: To evaluate placental function and perfusion in a rat model of preeclampsia infused with L-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) by dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI using gadolinium chelates. METHODS: Pregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats were fitted on embryonic day 16 (E16) with subcutaneous osmotic minipumps loaded to deliver, continuously, L-NAME (50 mg/day per rat; case group) or saline solution (control group). DCE MRI was performed on E19 using gadolinium chelates and a 4...
April 24, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Xuesong Wang, Yilun Xing, Lian Luo, Rongjie Yu
Risky driving behavior is one of the main causes of commercial vehicle related crashes. In order to achieve safer vehicle operation, safety education for drivers is often provided. However, the education programs vary in quality and may not always be successful in reducing crash rates. Behavior-Based Safety (BBS) education is a popular approach found effective by numerous studies, but even this approach varies as to the combination of frequency, mode and content used by different education providers. This study therefore evaluates and compares the effectiveness of BBS education methods...
April 21, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Yong Chen, Zhili Li, Yi Shi, Guangfu Huang, Longyi Chen, Haibin Tan, Zhenyu Wang, Cheng Yin, Junting Hu
BACKGROUND: The deregulation of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) is always associated with development and progression of human diseases. We are aimed to assess whether brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) patients present a distinct miRNA signature compared with healthy subjects. METHODS: Three unruptured BAVMs patients and three normal controls were recruited as case and normal groups. Peripheral blood was collected and miRNA signature was obtained by next-generation sequencing, followed by comparative, functional, and network analyses...
April 21, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Olga F Lazareva, John McInnerney, Tiffany Williams
We studied implicit relational learning by embedding contextual relational information into a multiple-object tracking task. In two experiments, participants were instructed to track two or four out of eight moving objects and report at the end of the trial whether a single cued object was among those they tracked (yes/no task). The stimulus display also contained two background strips of different width. In the informative condition, the location of the cued object predicted the correct choice: If the answer was "yes", then the cued object was always located next to the narrower strip; otherwise, it was always located next to the wider strip (or vice versa)...
April 21, 2018: Behavioural Processes
Kristina Ložienė, Jurgita Švedienė, Algimantas Paškevičius, Vita Raudonienė, Oksana Sytar, Anatoliy Kosyan
Although the nature-identical chemical compounds are cheaper, they not always repeat biological activity of plant origin natural chemical compounds, often react allergies and resistance of microorganisms. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of Juniperus communis origin α-pinene with different enantiomeric composition on bacteria, yeasts and fungi. Results showed that different enantiomeric composition of α-pinene have different activities on microorganisms: essential oil with (1S)-(-) ≈ (1R)-(+) enantiomeric composition of α-pinene influenced on some microorganisms stronger than essential oil with (1S)-(-) < (1R)-(+) enantiomeric composition of α-pinene; the pure natural α-pinene with enantiomeric composition S < R more strongly inhibited growth of investigated bacteria and Candida yeasts, α-pinene with enantiomeric composition S ≈ R - growth of Trichophyton and Aspergillus...
April 21, 2018: Fitoterapia
Laís Rani Sales Oliveira, Stella Sueli Lourenço Braga, Aline Arêdes Bicalho, Maria Tereza Hordones Ribeiro, Richard Bengt Price, Carlos José Soares
OBJECTIVES: To describe a method of measuring the molar cusp deformation using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), the propagation of enamel cracks using transillumination, and the effects of hygroscopic expansion after incremental and bulk-filling resin composite restorations. METHODS: Twenty human molars received standardized Class II mesio-occlusal-distal cavity preparations. They were restored with either a bulk-fill resin composite, X-tra fil (XTRA), or a conventional resin composite, Filtek Z100 (Z100)...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Laura L Olenick, Julianne M Troiano, Nikolay Smolentsev, Paul E Ohno, Sylvie Roke, Franz M Geiger
By combining dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements and infrared (IR) spectroscopy with the interface- and bond-specificity of vibrational sum frequency generation scattering (SFS) spectroscopy, we probe several structural aspects of how zwitterionic DMPC lipids adsorbed to oil droplets suspended in water (D2O) respond to the presence of the common polycation polyallylamine hydrochloride (PAH) in the presence of low and high salt concentration. We show that the polycation interactions with the lipids generally results in two distinct outcomes that depend upon salt and PAH concentration, identified here as Scenario 1 (observed under conditions of high salt concentration) and Scenario 2 (observed under conditions of low salt concentration)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Suzanne M Grieb, Deanna Kerrigan, Vicki Tepper, Jonathan Ellen, Erica Sibinga
Adolescents and young adults living with HIV (YLHIV) face numerous stresses that affect their care and medication adherence. The clinic social environment may play an important supportive role for YLHIV, influencing health outcomes. The aim of this article is to explore how YLHIV in Baltimore, Maryland understand the various forms of social support provided within the social environment of their HIV clinic. We used qualitative research methods including iterative, semi-structured in-depth interviews with 20 YLHIV interviewed up to three times each to explore HIV stressors, support systems, and medication adherence...
April 24, 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Raviv Allon, Nofar Ben Basat, Alexander Puhov, Yaron Zaulan, Ronit Wollstein
INTRODUCTION: Prosthetic joint infection is a dangerous complication of joint replacement arthroplasty. Besides its catastrophic consequences, differentiating a deep infection from other complications is not always trivial due to lack of clinical signs of infection, inaccurate tests, lab-dependent analysis, variable normal values and ongoing dispute in the literature regarding the recommended diagnosis algorithm. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the diagnosis algorithm in our medical center...
April 2018: Harefuah
G Sankaran Pillai, G Satheeshkumar, P Shahul Hameed
Marine environment is enriched source of heavy minerals associated with radionuclides which are largely responsible for human exposure to radiation. Bay of Bengal is one among the important marine ecosystems in the world because of its high biodiversity. The aim of this work was to generate a comprehensive data on distribution and bioaccumulation of 210Po and 210Pb in marine environment of the Bay of Bengal. For this water and sand samples (10 stations), shellfishes (21 species) and fishes (43 species) were collected and the concentrations of 210Po and 210Pb were measured by radiochemical separation followed by alpha counting method using ZnS(Ag) detector...
April 23, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Zhong-Yan Miao, Xu Xia, Lu Che, Yan-Tao Song
OBJECTIVE: Postmenopausal women possess higher incidence of stroke and worse prognosis. Although estrogen replacement therapy has obvious neuroprotective effects against stroke, it is always accompanied with several adverse effects and undesired outcomes. Genistein, a natural phytoestrogen, has been indicated to be a potential neuroprotective alternative for postmenopausal women against stroke. However, the role and mechanism of genistein's neuroprotective effects against stroke in ovariectomized rats have rarely been explored...
April 24, 2018: Neurological Research
M A Nicolazzi, A Carnicelli, M Fuorlo, A Scaldaferri, R Masetti, R Landolfi, A M R Favuzzi
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. In the last twenty years early diagnosis, neoadjuvant and adjuvant systemic treatment that targeted to specific molecular targets have significantly reduced the mortality from breast cancer. However, the increase in survival has allowed to observe the cardiotoxic effects of anticancer therapy and increased mortality from cardiovascular causes, resulting in a large literature where experts try to identify the correct management of this critical problem...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"