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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239295/can-a-person-centred-care-intervention-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Elisabeth Hansson, Eric Carlström, Lars-Eric Olsson, Jan Nyman, Ingalill Koinberg
BACKGROUND: The incidence of head and neck cancer is increasing slightly. Head and neck cancer but also it's necessary and often successful treatment may affect general domains of health-related quality of life and provoke a variety of adverse symptoms and side effects, both during and after treatment. The objective of this study was to compare a person-centred care intervention in terms of health-related quality of life, disease-specific symptoms or problems, with traditional care as a control group for patients with head and neck cancer...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238657/frogs-exploit-statistical-regularities-in-noisy-acoustic-scenes-to-solve-cocktail-party-like-problems
#2
Norman Lee, Jessica L Ward, Alejandro Vélez, Christophe Micheyl, Mark A Bee
Noise is a ubiquitous source of errors in all forms of communication [1]. Noise-induced errors in speech communication, for example, make it difficult for humans to converse in noisy social settings, a challenge aptly named the "cocktail party problem" [2]. Many nonhuman animals also communicate acoustically in noisy social groups and thus face biologically analogous problems [3]. However, we know little about how the perceptual systems of receivers are evolutionarily adapted to avoid the costs of noise-induced errors in communication...
February 17, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238428/sensitive-screening-of-abused-drugs-in-dried-blood-samples-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-ion-booster-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-uhplc-ib-qtof-ms
#3
Divyabharathi Chepyala, I-Lin Tsai, Hsiao-Wei Liao, Guan-Yuan Chen, Hsi-Chun Chao, Ching-Hua Kuo
An increased rate of drug abuse is a major social problem worldwide. The dried blood spot (DBS) sampling technique offers many advantages over using urine or whole blood sampling techniques. This study developed a simple and efficient ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-ion booster-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-IB-QTOF-MS) method for the analysis of abused drugs and their metabolites using DBS. Fifty-seven compounds covering the most commonly abused drugs, including amphetamines, opioids, cocaine, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and many other new and emerging abused drugs, were selected as the target analytes of this study...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238208/ask-me-self-reported-features-of-adolescents-experiencing-neglect-or-emotional-maltreatment-a-rapid-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
A M Naughton, L E Cowley, V Tempest, S A Maguire, M K Mann, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: Neglect is often overlooked in adolescence, due in part to assumptions about autonomy and misinterpretation of behaviors being part of normal adolescent development. Emotional maltreatment (abuse or neglect) has a damaging effect throughout the lifespan, but is rarely recognized amongst adolescents. Our review aims to identify features that adolescents experiencing neglect and/ or emotional maltreatment report. METHOD: A rapid review methodology searched 8 databases (1990-2014), supplemented by hand searching journals, and references, identifying 2,568 abstracts...
February 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238116/the-immune-system-cytokines-and-biomarkers-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Anne Masi, Nicholas Glozier, Russell Dale, Adam J Guastella
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a pervasive neurodevelopmental condition characterized by variable impairments in communication and social interaction as well as restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. Heterogeneity of presentation is a hallmark. Investigations of immune system problems in ASD, including aberrations in cytokine profiles and signaling, have been increasing in recent times and are the subject of ongoing interest. With the aim of establishing whether cytokines have utility as potential biomarkers that may define a subgroup of ASD, or function as an objective measure of response to treatment, this review summarizes the role of the immune system, discusses the relationship between the immune system, the brain, and behavior, and presents previously-identified immune system abnormalities in ASD, specifically addressing the role of cytokines in these aberrations...
February 25, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237911/coping-strategies-related-to-treatment-in-substance-use-disorder-patients-with-and-without-comorbid-depression
#6
Ana Adan, Juan Manuel Antúnez, José Francisco Navarro
Coping strategies exert an important influence in the development and course of both substance use disorder (SUD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) and its treatment outcomes. We examined the coping strategies related to treatment in SUD and SUD-MDD patients and their associations with clinical characteristics. Forty SUD and 40 SUD-MDD males, each group composed by 20 therapeutic community and 20 ambulatory treatment patients, were assessed through the Coping Strategies Inventory and clinical characteristics questionnaires...
February 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237845/fuzzy-logic-applied-to-prospecting-for-areas-for-installation-of-wood-panel-industries
#7
Alexandre Rosa Dos Santos, Ewerthon Mattos Paterlini, Nilton Cesar Fiedler, Carlos Antonio Alvares Soares Ribeiro, Alexandre Simões Lorenzon, Getulio Fonseca Domingues, Gustavo Eduardo Marcatti, Nero Lemos Martins de Castro, Thaisa Ribeiro Teixeira, Gleissy Mary Amaral Dino Alves Dos Santos, Ronie Silva Juvanhol, Elvis Ricardo Figueira Branco, Pedro Henrique Santos Mota, Lilianne Gomes da Silva, Daiani Bernardo Pirovani, Waldir Cintra de Jesus, Ana Carolina de Albuquerque Santos, Helio Garcia Leite, Setsuo Iwakiri
Prospecting for suitable areas for forestry operations, where the objective is a reduction in production and transportation costs, as well as the maximization of profits and available resources, constitutes an optimization problem. However, fuzzy logic is an alternative method for solving this problem. In the context of prospecting for suitable areas for the installation of wood panel industries, we propose applying fuzzy logic analysis for simulating the planting of different species and eucalyptus hybrids in Espírito Santo State, Brazil...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237761/disordered-lives-life-circumstances-and-clinical-characteristics-of-very-frequent-users-of-emergency-departments-for-primary-mental-health-complaints
#8
Xiangfei Meng, Tracy Muggli, Marilyn Baetz, Carl D'Arcy
This study explored the life circumstances and clinical characteristics of very frequent users of emergency departments (EDs) presenting with a primary mental health complaint. Patients with 10 or more EDs visits in 2012 with a primary psychiatric diagnosis in a Canadian regional health authority were identified from electronic administrative files. The hospital charts for these patients were thoroughly reviewed for a three-year period, from 2011 to 2013. A retrospective thematic analysis was undertaken. Very frequent users of EDs were generally young to early middle aged, unemployed, living in transient accommodations, having substance abuse diagnoses, and self-referred to EDs for a variety of psychiatric and health symptoms and/or unmet needs...
February 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237585/invited-review-determinants-of-farmers-adoption-of-management-based-strategies-for-infectious-disease-prevention-and-control
#9
Caroline Ritter, Jolanda Jansen, Steven Roche, David F Kelton, Cindy L Adams, Karin Orsel, Ron J Erskine, Geart Benedictus, Theo J G M Lam, Herman W Barkema
The prevention and control of endemic pathogens within and between farms often depends on the adoption of best management practices. However, farmers regularly do not adopt recommended measures or do not enroll in voluntary disease control programs. This indicates that a more comprehensive understanding of the influences and extension tools that affect farmers' management decisions is necessary. Based on a review of relevant published literature, we developed recommendations to support policy-makers, industry representatives, researchers, veterinarians, and other stakeholders when motivating farmers to adopt best management practices, and to facilitate the development and implementation of voluntary prevention and control programs for livestock diseases...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237357/integrating-social-context-into-comprehensive-shared-care-plans-a-scoping-review
#10
Suzanne S Sullivan, Francine Mistretta, Sabrina Casucci, Sharon Hewner
BACKGROUND: Failure to address social determinants of health (SDH) may contribute to the problem of readmissions in high-risk individuals. Comprehensive shared care plans (CSCP) may improve care continuity and health outcomes by communicating SDH risk factors across settings. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study to evaluate the state of knowledge for integrating SDH into a CSCP. Our scoping review of the literature considered 13,886 articles, of which seven met inclusion criteria...
February 3, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237264/child-to-adult-neurodevelopmental-and-mental-health-trajectories-after-early-life-deprivation-the-young-adult-follow-up-of-the-longitudinal-english-and-romanian-adoptees-study
#11
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke, Mark Kennedy, Robert Kumsta, Nicky Knights, Dennis Golm, Michael Rutter, Barbara Maughan, Wolff Schlotz, Jana Kreppner
BACKGROUND: Time-limited, early-life exposures to institutional deprivation are associated with disorders in childhood, but it is unknown whether effects persist into adulthood. We used data from the English and Romanian Adoptees study to assess whether deprivation-associated adverse neurodevelopmental and mental health outcomes persist into young adulthood. METHODS: The English and Romanian Adoptees study is a longitudinal, natural experiment investigation into the long-term outcomes of individuals who spent from soon after birth to up to 43 months in severe deprivation in Romanian institutions before being adopted into the UK...
February 22, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236794/pharmaceutical-care-practice-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Dadier Antonio Arroyo Monterroza, José Francisco Castro Bolivar
INTRODUCTION: The impact of chronic kidney disease in health is no longer just a patient-physician issue, not only in terms of the increase in the number of patients diagnosed, but also regarding the human and economic cost for health systems. That is why Pharmaceutical Care should include SOPs structured by criteria reached by consensus to conduct Pharmaceutical Care Practice, which will enable to prevent, identify and solve any negative outcomes in patients that are associated with medication...
March 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235795/a-support-program-for-somali-born-parents-on-children-s-behavioral-problems
#13
Fatumo Osman, Renée Flacking, Ulla-Karin Schön, Marie Klingberg-Allvin
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to evaluate a culturally tailored parenting support program (Ladnaan) for Somali-born parents and to determine its effectiveness on children's emotional and behavioral problems. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial included 120 Somali-born parents with children aged 11 to 16 years. The parents reported self-perceived stress in relation to parenting practices. The intervention consisted of culturally tailored societal information combined with the parenting program Connect...
February 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235785/emergence-of-communities-and-diversity-in-social-networks
#14
Xiao Han, Shinan Cao, Zhesi Shen, Boyu Zhang, Wen-Xu Wang, Ross Cressman, H Eugene Stanley
Communities are common in complex networks and play a significant role in the functioning of social, biological, economic, and technological systems. Despite widespread interest in detecting community structures in complex networks and exploring the effect of communities on collective dynamics, a deep understanding of the emergence and prevalence of communities in social networks is still lacking. Addressing this fundamental problem is of paramount importance in understanding, predicting, and controlling a variety of collective behaviors in society...
February 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231615/what-do-older-people-experiencing-loneliness-think-about-primary-care-or-community-based-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-a-qualitative-study-in-england
#15
Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Mima Cattan, Claire Goodman, Maggie Kirby-Barr, Janet H Whitehouse, Kate Walters
Loneliness in later life is a common problem with poor health outcomes. However, interventions to prevent or ameliorate loneliness have a weak evidence base. The views of older people experiencing or at risk of loneliness in the community are important in identifying features of potential support, but have been little studied. Twenty-eight community dwelling people, aged 65 and over who reported being 'lonely much of the time' or identified as lonely from the de Jong Gierveld six-item loneliness scale in a larger study, participated in in-depth interviews, between June 2013 and May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231614/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-coping-strategies-in-mothers-and-fathers-following-infant-hospitalization-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#16
Anna Aftyka, Beata Rybojad, Wojciech Rosa, Aleksandra Wróbel, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz
OBJECTIVE: The development of Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) has increased the survival rate of infants. However, one of the major parental problems is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to identify the potential risk factors for the development of PTSD in mothers and fathers following infant hospitalization in the NICU. DESIGN: An observational study covered 125 parents (72 mothers and 53 fathers) of infants aged three to 12 months who were hospitalized in the NICU during the neonatal period...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231595/-subjective-aspects-of-return-to-work-and-social-reintegration-in-patients-with-extensive-work-related-problems-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-results-of-a-qualitative-investigation
#17
C Schulz-Behrendt, A Salzwedel, S Rabe, K Ortmann, H Völler
This study investigated subjective biopsychosocial effects of coronary heart disease (CHD), coping strategies and social support in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and having extensive work-related problems. A qualitative investigation was performed in 17 patients (48.9±7.0 y, 13 male) with extensive work-related problems (SIMBO-C>30). All patients were interviewed with structured surveys. Data analysis was performed using a software that is based on the content analysis approach of Mayring...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231439/the-rights-of-drug-treatment-patients-experience-of-addiction-treatment-in-poland-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#18
Justyna Klingemann
BACKGROUND: Drug dependence is a recognized medical condition and therefore, right to health applies in the same way to drug dependence as it does to any other health condition. The human rights in patient care framework - which refers to the application of basic human rights principles in the delivery of health care services - was used to explore the experiences of equality in the dignity and rights protected by Polish law within four different specialist drug treatment settings in Poland...
February 20, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231339/limits-of-use-of-social-media-for-monitoring-biosecurity-events
#19
Marijke Welvaert, Omar Al-Ghattas, Mark Cameron, Peter Caley
Compared to applications that trigger massive information streams, like earthquakes and human disease epidemics, the data input for agricultural and environmental biosecurity events (ie. the introduction of unwanted exotic pests and pathogens), is expected to be sparse and less frequent. To investigate if Twitter data can be useful for the detection and monitoring of biosecurity events, we adopted a three-step process. First, we confirmed that sightings of two migratory species, the Bogong moth (Agrotis infusa) and the Common Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) are reported on Twitter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230800/mutilating-procedures-management-practices-and-housing-conditions-that-may-affect-the-welfare-of-farm-animals-implications-for-welfare-research
#20
Rebecca E Nordquist, Franz Josef van der Staay, Frank J C M van Eerdenburg, Francisca C Velkers, Lisa Fijn, Saskia S Arndt
A number of mutilating procedures, such as dehorning in cattle and goats and beak trimming in laying hens, are common in farm animal husbandry systems in an attempt to prevent or solve problems, such as injuries from horns or feather pecking. These procedures and other practices, such as early maternal separation, overcrowding, and barren housing conditions, raise concerns about animal welfare. Efforts to ensure or improve animal welfare involve adapting the animal to its environment, i.e., by selective breeding (e...
February 21, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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