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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344558/therapeutic-potential-of-bleomycin-plus-suicide-or-interferon-%C3%AE-gene-transfer-combination-for-spontaneous-feline-and-canine-melanoma
#1
Lucrecia Agnetti, Chiara Fondello, Marcela S Villaverde, Gerardo C Glikin, Liliana M E Finocchiaro
We originated and characterized melanoma cell lines derived from tumors of two feline and two canine veterinary patients. These lines reestablished the morphology, physiology and cell heterogeneity of their respective parental tumors. We evaluated the cytotoxicity of bleomycin (BLM) alone, or combined with interferon-β (IFN-β) or HSVtk/GCV suicide gene (SG) lipofection on these cells. Although the four animals presented stage III disease (WHO system), SG treated feline tumors displayed stable disease in vivo, while the canine ones exhibited partial response...
November 2017: Oncoscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329749/assessment-of-the-diagnostic-performance-of-four-methods-for-the-detection-of-giardia-duodenalis-in-fecal-samples-from-human-canine-and-feline-carriers
#2
Flávia Fernandes de Mendonça Uchôa, Adriana Pittella Sudré, Sabrina Destri Emmerick Campos, Nádia Regina Pereira Almosny
Enteric parasitic diseases including giardiasis are of public health concern. Different methods are available for the diagnosis of this parasitic infection in fecal samples such as the identification of protozoan cysts and trophozoites by light microscopy, detection of specific antigens by ELISA, and amplification of DNA fragments by PCR. The present study aimed at assessing the performance of four laboratory tests for the detection of Giardia duodenalis in fecal specimens from three different host species with a previous diagnosis of giardiasis; canine, feline and human patients provided new stool samples to be retested for Giardia before initiating treatment with antiprotozoal drugs...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316134/dosimetric-benefit-of-adaptive-radiotherapy-in-the-neoadjuvant-management-of-canine-and-feline-thymoma-an-exploratory-case-series
#3
C Rohrer Bley, V Meier, U Schneider
While surgery is the treatment of choice for thymomas, complete excision is not possible in a significant proportion of cases. For these patients, radiotherapy can be used as neoadjunctive, post-operative adjunctive or sole therapy. During radiotherapy, rapid biological clearance of tumour cells is often observed, requiring adaptation of the treatment plan. Adaptive radiation therapy (RT) is a dynamic process, whereby the treatment plan is altered throughout the treatment course due to changes in morphologic, functional or positioning changes...
January 8, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314873/2018-aaha-diabetes-management-guidelines-for-dogs-and-cats
#4
Ellen Behrend, Amy Holford, Patty Lathan, Renee Rucinsky, Rhonda Schulman
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common disease encountered in canine and feline medicine. The 2018 AAHA Diabetes Management Guidelines for Dogs and Cats revise and update earlier guidelines published in 2010. The 2018 guidelines retain much of the information in the earlier guidelines that continues to be applicable in clinical practice, along with new information that represents current expert opinion on controlling DM. An essential aspect of successful DM management is to ensure that the owner of a diabetic dog or cat is capable of administering insulin, recognizing the clinical signs of inadequately managed DM, and monitoring blood glucose levels at home, although this is ideal but not mandatory; all topics that are reviewed in the guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299531/improving-virus-taxonomy-by-recontextualizing-sequence-based-classification-with-biologically-relevant-data-the-case-of-the-alphacoronavirus-1-species
#5
Gary R Whittaker, Nicole M André, Jean Kaoru Millet
The difficulties related to virus taxonomy have been amplified by recent advances in next-generation sequencing and metagenomics, prompting the field to revisit the question of what constitutes a useful viral classification. Here, taking a challenging classification found in coronaviruses, we argue that consideration of biological properties in addition to sequence-based demarcations is critical for generating useful taxonomy that recapitulates complex evolutionary histories. Within the Alphacoronavirus genus, the Alphacoronavirus 1 species encompasses several biologically distinct viruses...
January 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279086/giardia-in-a-selected-population-of-dogs-and-cats-in-germany-diagnostics-coinfections-and-assemblages
#6
M F Sommer, P Rupp, M Pietsch, A Kaspar, P Beelitz
Infections with the zoonotic endoparasite Giardia duodenalis are widely spread among dogs and cats worldwide. Since the question whether the infection might be transmitted from domestic animals to their owners is still an important topic, a reliable detection of patent Giardia infections and the determination of the associated Giardia assemblages is of major concern. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence of Giardia infections in dogs and cats living in Germany using different diagnostic tests and to identify the Giardia assemblages of infected animals...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278789/portable-platform-for-rapid-in-field-identification-of-human-fecal-pollution-in-water
#7
Yu Sherry Jiang, Timothy E Riedel, Jessica A Popoola, Barrett R Morrow, Sheng Cai, Andrew D Ellington, Sanchita Bhadra
Human fecal contamination of water is a public health risk. However, inadequate testing solutions frustrate timely, actionable monitoring. Bacterial culture-based methods are simple but typically cannot distinguish fecal host source. PCR assays can identify host sources but require expertise and infrastructure. To bridge this gap we have developed a field-ready nucleic acid diagnostic platform and rapid sample preparation methods that enable on-site identification of human fecal contamination within 80 min of sampling...
December 13, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230821/tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-locking-compression-plates-for-stabilisation-of-canine-and-feline-ilial-body-fractures
#8
J W Guthrie, S Kalff
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes following surgical stabilisation of ilial fractures in dogs and cats using a laterally applied Synthes TPLO locking compression plate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records and radiographs of seven dogs and two cats which had undergone surgical repair of an ilial body fracture with a TPLO locking compression plate were reviewed. Long-term clinical follow-up was obtained from an owner or referring veterinarian questionnaire...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215022/mineral-analysis-of-complete-dog-and-cat-foods-in-the-uk-and-compliance-with-european-guidelines
#9
M Davies, R Alborough, L Jones, C Davis, C Williams, D S Gardner
Mineral content of complete pet food is regulated to ensure health of the companion animal population. Analysis of adherence to these regulatory guidelines has not been conducted. Here, mineral composition of complete wet (n = 97) and dry (n = 80) canine and feline pet food sold in the UK was measured to assess compliance with EU guidelines. A majority of foods complied with ≥8 of 11 guidelines (99% and 83% for dry and wet food, respectively), but many failed to provide nutritional minimum (e.g. Cu, 20% of wet food) or exceeded nutritional maximum (e...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187719/-small-animal-aspergillosis-and-cryptococcosis-in-japan
#10
Rui Kano
 Canine and feline upper respiratory tract (URT) infection due to Aspergillus spp. is considered an emerging disease, with the number of reported cases continuing to rise in Japan. Aspergillus fumigatus has been the most frequently reported etiologic agent of sino-orbital aspergillosis in dogs and cats; the other Aspergillus species, Aspergillus felis, Aspergillus fischeri, Aspergillus udagawae, Aspergillus viridinutans, and A. fumigatus, have also been implicated in feline cases. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antifungal drugs are elevated for these cryptic species compared with A...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179750/safety-evaluation-of-the-interchangeable-use-of-robenacoxib-onsior%C3%A2-tablets-and-solution-for-injection-in-dogs
#11
Céline E Toutain, Mark C Heit, Stephen B King, Rainer Helbig
BACKGROUND: Robenacoxib (Onsior™) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug developed for canine and feline use for the control of pain and inflammation. It is available as both tablets and solution for injection. The objective of this safety study was to investigate the interchangeable use of two robenacoxib formulations in dogs using a novel study design alternating between oral tablets and subcutaneous injections. Thirty-two naïve healthy 4-month dogs were enrolled in this 88-day study and were randomized among four groups to be untreated or to receive robenacoxib at the highest recommended or elevated dose rates...
November 28, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172705/expression-of-iron-related-proteins-in-feline-and-canine-mammary-gland-reveals-unexpected-accumulation-of-iron
#12
O Marques, A Canadas, F Faria, E Oliveira, I Amorim, F Seixas, A Gama, A Lobo-da-Cunha, B Martins da Silva, G Porto, C Lopes
Dysregulation of cellular iron homeostasis in human breast cancer is reflected by the altered expression of regulatory proteins. The expressions of iron-related proteins in the mammary glands of cats and dogs have not been assessed. We evaluated the expressions of ferritin, ferroportin, hepcidin and transferrin receptor 1 in benign and malignant mammary gland lesions in cats and dogs. Iron deposition was detected using Perls' Prussian blue staining. We found no major differences in the expression of iron-related proteins between benign and malignant mammary gland lesions in either cats or dogs; however, these species exhibited accumulation of iron in benign lesions...
November 27, 2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165910/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-prognostic-utility-of-plasma-lactate-concentration-base-deficit-ph-and-anion-gap-in-canine-and-feline-emergency-patients
#13
Casey J Kohen, Kate Hopper, Philip H Kass, Steven E Epstein
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of plasma lactate concentration, pH, base deficit (BD), and anion gap (AG) in dogs and cats on presentation to an emergency room with outcome, and to compare the prognostic significance of hyperlactatemia with a concurrent metabolic acidosis with that of hyperlactatemia and a normal metabolic acid-base balance. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Five hundred sixty-six dogs and 185 cats that had venous blood gas analysis performed...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157201/phylogenetic-and-recombination-analysis-of-the-herpesvirus-genus-varicellovirus
#14
Aaron W Kolb, Andrew C Lewin, Ralph Moeller Trane, Gillian J McLellan, Curtis R Brandt
BACKGROUND: The varicelloviruses comprise a genus within the alphaherpesvirus subfamily, and infect both humans and other mammals. Recently, next-generation sequencing has been used to generate genomic sequences of several members of the Varicellovirus genus. Here, currently available varicellovirus genomic sequences were used for phylogenetic, recombination, and genetic distance analysis. RESULTS: A phylogenetic network including genomic sequences of individual species, was generated and suggested a potential restriction between the ungulate and non-ungulate viruses...
November 21, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143687/prevalence-and-epidemiology-of-canine-and-feline-heartworm-infection-in-taiwan
#15
Ta-Li Lu, Jun-Yue Wong, Ta-Lun Tan, Yong-Wei Hung
BACKGROUND: Heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, has long been recognized in Taiwanese dogs but feline heartworm infection has been largely overlooked by veterinarians and pet owners. The main goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and epidemiology of canine and feline heartworm infection in Taiwan. METHODS: Household dogs and cats were selected from 103 veterinary hospitals in 13 cities throughout Taiwan. All animals were at least 1 year old, had received no heartworm prevention for more than 1 year, and had lived in the same city for at least 1 year...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143662/heat-treatment-and-false-positive-heartworm-antigen-testing-in-ex-vivo-parasites-and-dogs-naturally-infected-by-dirofilaria-repens-and-angiostrongylus-vasorum
#16
Luigi Venco, Simone Manzocchi, Marco Genchi, Laura H Kramer
BACKGROUND: Heartworm antigen testing is considered sensitive and specific. Currently available tests are reported as detecting a glycoprotein found predominantly in the reproductive tract of the female worm and can reach specificity close to 100%. Main concerns regard sensitivity in the case of light infections, the presence of immature females or cases of all-male infections. Research and development have been aimed at increasing sensitivity. Recently, heat treatment of serum prior to antigen testing has been shown to result in an increase in positive antigen test results, presumably due to disruption of natural antigen-antibody complexes...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135020/clinical-application-of-biological-variation-data-to-facilitate-interpretation-of-canine-and-feline-laboratory-results
#17
C Campora, K P Freeman, R Baral
Interpretation of laboratory results is based on comparison of the patient's own results against established decision thresholds or reference intervals in the context of the clinical presentation and history. Blood measurand analysis has pre-analytical, analytical and physiological sources of variation, which may complicate interpretation of results. Biological variation describes the physiological random fluctuation of blood measurands around a homeostatic set point, which varies within and between individuals...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097604/complications-and-outcomes-associated-with-13-cases-of-triceps-tendon-disruption-in-dogs-and-cats-2003-2014
#18
Naomi Frances Earley, Gemma Ellse, Adrian M Wallace, Kevin J Parsons, Katja Voss, Lauren C Pugliese, Andy P Moores, Richard Whitelock, Christoph Stork, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs, Heidi Radke
This study reports data from a larger number of cases of triceps tendon disruption. Records from 10 veterinary referral hospitals between 2003 and 2014 were searched for canine and feline cases diagnosed with triceps tendon disruption, based on orthopaedic examination confirmed during surgery. Long-term follow-up and owner satisfaction were assessed using a questionnaire. There were 13 cases of triceps tendon disruption diagnosed across seven hospitals (nine dogs, four cats). Trauma, history or presence of a wound, surgery in the region of tendon attachment or corticosteroid treatment preceded triceps tendon disruption...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090969/expression-of-cat-podoplanin-in-feline-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#19
Shunsuke Itai, Shinji Yamada, Mika K Kaneko, Hiroyuki Harada, Yumiko Kagawa, Satoru Konnai, Yukinari Kato
Oral squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive tumor in cats; however, molecular-targeted therapies against this tumor, including antibody therapy, have not been developed. Sensitive and specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against highly expressed membrane proteins are needed to develop antibody therapies. Podoplanin, a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, is expressed in many human malignant tumors, including brain tumor, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, mesothelioma, and oral cancer. Podoplanin binds to C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2) and activates platelet aggregation, which is involved in cancer metastasis...
November 1, 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081584/evaluation-of-a-welfare-assessment-tool-to-examine-practices-for-preventing-recognizing-and-managing-pain-at-companion-animal-veterinary-clinics
#20
Lauren C Dawson, Cate E Dewey, Elizabeth A Stone, Cornelia I Mosley, Michele T Guerin, Lee Niel
Successful prevention, recognition, and treatment of pain are integral to ensuring veterinary patient welfare. A canine and feline welfare assessment tool, incorporating verbal interviews with veterinarians using open-ended questions, was developed to assess pain management practices that safeguard and improve patient welfare. The tool was evaluated in 30 companion- and mixed-animal veterinary clinics in Ontario in order to assess its reliability, feasibility, and validity, while also benchmarking current practices...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
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