Read by QxMD icon Read

canine feline

M T Cardoso, A O Pinheiro, A S Vidane, J B Casals, V C de Oliveira, Njn Gonçalves, D S Martins, C E Ambrósio
The biosafety of innovative procedures that utilize stem cells in regenerative medicine has been addressed in several studies. Previous work has showed no tumour formation following the use of feline and human amniotic membrane-derived stem cells (AMSCs). In contrast, tumour formation was observed when canine AMSCs were utilized. These findings suggested that feline and human, but not canine, AMSCs are suitable for cell transplantation trials. This study aimed to further evaluate the feasibility of utilizing canine AMSCs for transplantation purposes as well as for felines...
October 23, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Anne-Lise Chaber, Gabriele Cozzi, Femke Broekhuis, Robyn Hartley, John W McNutt
The recent increase in the creation of transboundary protected areas and wildlife corridors between them lends importance to information on pathogen prevalence and transmission among wildlife species that will become connected. One such initiative is the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area of which Botswana's Okavango Delta constitutes a major contribution for wildlife and ecosystems. Between 2008 and 2011, we collected serum samples from 14 lions ( Panthera leo ), four leopards ( Panthera pardus ), 19 spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta ), and six cheetahs ( Acinonyx jubatus ) in the Okavango...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, David Singleton, Philip H Jones, Bethaney Heayns, Maya Wardeh, Alan D Radford, Vanessa Schmidt, Susan Dawson, Peter J M Noble, Sally Everitt
Presentation for pruritus comprised 6.5 per cent, 3.6 per cent and 2.0 per cent of canine, feline and rabbit consultations, respectively, between January 2014 and June 2016Topical antimicrobials were the most commonly prescribed pruritus treatments for dogs (33.6 per cent of consultations); for cats, it was systemic glucocorticoids (53.5 per cent)In surveillance of coagulase-positive staphylococci, 16 per cent of 176 coagulase-positive staphylococci isolated from canine diagnostic samples were sensitive to all tested antibacterial classes; multidrug resistance (resistance to three or more antibacterial classes) was found in 6...
October 8, 2016: Veterinary Record
M Olaciregui, L Gil
Cryopreservation has been routinely used to preserve sperm of human and different animal species. However, frozen sperm storage for a long time brings many inconveniences because of liquid nitrogen. Many attempts have been made to overcome the disadvantages of the current cryopreservation method. Freeze-drying has been proposed as alternative method for sperm preservation to achieve the ability to store sperm doses indefinitely at ambient temperature or in ordinary refrigerators. At present, it has been reported successfully sperm freeze-drying on many animal species including canine and feline...
October 18, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Moustafa R K Ali, Ibrahim M Ibrahim, Hala R Ali, Salah A Selim, Mostafa A El-Sayed
Plasmonic photothermal therapy (PPTT) is a cancer therapy in which gold nanorods are injected at the site of a tumor before near-infrared light is transiently applied to the tumor causing localized cell death. Previously, PPTT studies have been carried out on xenograft mice models. Herein, we report a study showing the feasibility of PPTT as applied to natural tumors in the mammary glands of dogs and cats, which more realistically represent their human equivalents at the molecular level. We optimized a regime of three low PPTT doses at 2-week intervals that ablated tumors mainly via apoptosis in 13 natural mammary gland tumors from seven animals...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Celia M Smuts, Jennifer N Mills, Tibor Gaál
BACKGROUND: Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity is often measured in human effusions to help in differentiating between transudates and exudates. Few studies have been performed using effusion samples from animals. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine whether LDH can be used to differentiate between transudative and exudative effusions in dogs and cats (including postmortem samples), and whether there is a difference between different laboratory methods of LDH measurement...
October 4, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Birgitt Wolfesberger, Andrea Fuchs-Baumgartinger, Juraj Hlavaty, Florian R Meyer, Martin Hofer, Ralf Steinborn, Christiane Gebhard, Ingrid Walter
Osteosarcoma is considered the most common bone cancer in cats and dogs, with cats having a much better prognosis than dogs, since the great majority of dogs with osteosarcoma develop distant metastases. In search of a factor possibly contributing to this disparity, the stem cell growth factor receptor KIT was targeted, and the messenger (m)RNA and protein expression levels of KIT were compared in canine vs. feline osteosarcomas, as well as in normal bone. The mRNA expression of KIT was quantified by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and was observed to be significantly higher in canine (n=14) than in feline (n=5) osteosarcoma samples (P<0...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Gary Landsberg, Bill Milgram, Isabelle Mougeot, Stephanie Kelly, Christina de Rivera
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the anxiolytic effectiveness of a test diet (Royal Canin Feline Calm diet) supplemented with L-tryptophan and alpha-casozepine. METHODS: Subjects were 24 cats that were classified as mildly or markedly fearful based on the presence of a person in their home room. Three different protocols were used to assess anxiety: (1) evaluation of the response to a human in the cat's home room (home room test); (2) analysis of the response to placement in an empty test room (open-field test) and; (3) analysis of the response to an unfamiliar human (human interaction test)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
M Beccaglia, S Alonge, C Trovo', G C Luvoni
Accurate prediction of delivery date in canine and feline allows a better management of parturition, reducing the loss of neonates. This review evaluates the most common methods adopted to accurately predict the day of delivery: determination of ovulation and hormonal assays, first appearance of embryonic/foetal structures using ultrasound or radiography, echographic measurement of extra-foetal and foetal structures, or evaluation of foetal flux and heart rate. Determination of ovulation and hormonal assays at the time of breeding and close to pregnancy term is widely used to predict parturition in dogs (Concannon et al...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Kimberly R McDermid, Andrei Snyman, Frederick J Verreynne, John P Carroll, Banie L Penzhorn, Michael J Yabsley
African lion ( Panthera leo ) numbers are decreasing rapidly and populations are becoming smaller and more fragmented. Infectious diseases are one of numerous issues threatening free-ranging lion populations, and low-density populations are particularly at risk. We collected data on the prevalence and diversity of viral and parasitic pathogens in a small lion population in eastern Botswana. During 2012 and 2014, blood samples were collected from 59% (n=13) of the adult-subadult lions in the Northern Tuli Game Reserve in eastern Botswana...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Dmitriy Smolensky, Kusum Rathore, Jennifer Bourn, Maria Cekanova
Anthracycline-based chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin (Dox), while effective against many solid tumors, is not widely used for head and neck cancers. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of Dox, and its derivative AD198 in human, canine, and feline oral squamous cell carcinomas cells (OSCC) in vitro. Dox and AD198 had significant an anti-proliferative effect on human, canine, and feline OSCC cells in dose-dependent manner. AD198 inhibited cell proliferation more effectively than Dox in tested OSCC cells...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Michael J Day
It is widely recognized that cats appear to be less frequently affected by arthropod-borne infectious diseases than dogs and share fewer zoonotic pathogens with man. This impression is supported by the relative lack of scientific publications related to feline vector-borne infections. This review explores the possible reasons for the difference between the two most common small companion animal species, including the hypothesis that cats might have a genetically-determined immunological resistance to arthropod vectors or the microparasites they transmit...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
Valentina Stefanetti, Arianna Miglio, Katia Cappelli, Stefano Capomaccio, Elisa Sgariglia, Maria L Marenzoni, Maria T Antognoni, Mauro Coletti, Vittorio Mangili, Fabrizio Passamonti
Blood transfusions in veterinary medicine have become increasingly more common and are now an integral part of lifesaving and advanced treatment in small and large animals. Important risks associated with transfusion of blood products include the transmission of various infectious diseases. Several guidelines suggest what infectious agents to screen for in canine and feline transfusion medicine. However, while the risk of bacterial contamination of blood products during storage and administration has not been documented in veterinary medicine, it has emerged as a cause of morbidity and mortality in human transfusion medicine...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
R M Gil da Costa, M C Peleteiro, M A Pires, D DiMaio
Over recent years, a growing number of papillomaviruses have been identified, which cause a wide range of lesions in domestic and wild animals. Papillomavirus-induced lesions may have a great impact on animal health, and some diseases observed in farm animals are associated with significant economic losses. This concise review brings together recent advancements on animal papillomavirus research, providing the scientific community and veterinary practitioners with an update on this rapidly evolving field. Among others, bovine, canine and feline papillomaviruses (BPV, CPV and FcaPV) are most extensively discussed, in view of the recent discovery of new viral types and their worldwide importance for animal health...
September 11, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Marek Kirs, Roberto A Caffaro-Filho, Mayee Wong, Valerie J Harwood, Philip Moravcik, Roger S Fujioka
: Identification of sources of fecal contaminants is needed to: 1) determine the health risk associated with recreational water use, and 2) implement appropriate management practices to mitigate this risk and protect the environment. This study evaluated human-associated Bacteroides (HF183TaqMan) and human polyomavirus (HPyV) markers for host sensitivity and specificity using human and animal fecal samples collected in Hawaii. The decay rates of those markers and indicator bacteria were identified in marine and freshwater microcosms exposed and not exposed to sunlight, followed by field testing of the usability of the molecular markers...
September 9, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Wen Zhang, Hua Wang, Yan Wang, Zhijian Liu, Jingjiao Li, Lianghua Guo, Shixing Yang, Quan Shen, Xiaoying Zhao, Li Cui, Xiuguo Hua
Here, a novel feline anellovirus strain (named FelineAV621 and GenBank no. KX262893) was detected in two cats with diarrhea. The complete genome of FelineAV621 is 2409 nt long with a G+C content of 56.67 %, including three open reading frames (ORFs). Phylogenetic analysis based on the amino acid sequence of the putative capsid protein (ORF1) indicated that FelineAV621 belonged to a novel anellovirus species inside a clade containing the seal anellovirus, canine TTVs, and porcine TTVs, but was distant from all the previous feline anelloviruses...
2016: Virology Journal
Sol-Maiam Rivera Vélez, Alice Morassi, Michael H Court, Jennifer E Slovak, Nicolas F Villarino
Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is the active metabolite of the prodrug mycophenolate mofetil. In this study, we developed and validated a novel ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method for the rapid quantification of MPA in plasma from dogs, cats and humans. Following the protein precipitation, calibration standards and quality controls were separated by UHPLC reversed-phase on a 1.5μm 2.1×100mmC18 column and quantified using UV detection at 215nm. The procedure produced a linear curve (r(2)>0...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
R Felisberto, J Matos, M Alves, J Cabeçadas, J Henriques
Paired box gene 5 (Pax5) is a widely used B-cell marker for human and canine non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (nHL); however, in the literature there is only one case report using Pax5 in a cat B-cell lymphoma. The purposes of this study were to investigate the expression and detection of B-cell specific activator protein (BSAP) using a monoclonal anti-Pax5 antibody in feline nHL (FnHL) tissue samples to evaluate its diagnostic relevance as a B-cell marker. A total of 45 FnHL samples in 45 cats were evaluated. B-cell lymphoma was the most common immunophenotype (51...
August 22, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Nikola Pantchev, Majda Globokar Vrhovec, Silvia Pluta, Reinhard K Straubinger
There are only few reports on Lyme borreliosis (LB) in cats. The reasons might be a different tick infestation in cats compared to dogs, a low susceptibility for tick-borne infections or a low awareness of veterinarians for tick-borne diseases in feline patients. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl) in feline sera, to compare the significance of feline versus canine LB, as well as to evaluate possible implications on disease occurrence...
July 2016: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
C-K Ku, P H Kass, M M Christopher
Lymph nodes are frequently sampled in dogs and cats for the diagnosis of primary and metastatic neoplasia. We determined the accuracy of cytologic diagnosis in lymph nodes using histology as the gold standard. Lymph node reports (2001-2011) were retrospectively evaluated and diagnoses were categorized as neoplastic or non-neoplastic. Lymph nodes from 296 dogs and 71 cats included 157 (42.7%) non-neoplastic lesions, 62 (16.9%) lymphomas and 148 (40.3%) metastatic neoplasms. Cytology had a sensitivity of 66.6% [95% confidence interval (CI) 60...
August 15, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"