keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

managment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915475/how-precisely-can-prostate-cancer-be-managed
#1
REVIEW
Liyan Zhuang, Matthew T Johnson
Progress has been made in applying genetic information to disease management in the postgenomic era, and precision medicine is emerging in prostate cancer management. The prostate health index, the 4-kallikrein (4K) score, and the PCA3, TMPRSS2- ERG, and Prostarix tests have potential for refining prostate cancer screening in conjunction with traditional prostate-specific antigen testing. The Confirm MDx and PCA3 tests have shown promise in identifying men who need be rebiopsied after a primary negative biopsy...
November 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915474/racial-differences-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-prostate-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Giuliano Di Pietro, Ganna Chornokur, Nagi B Kumar, Chemar Davis, Jong Y Park
Disparities between African American and Caucasian men in prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis and treatment in the United States have been well established, with significant racial disparities documented at all stages of PCa management, from differences in the type of treatment offered to progression-free survival or death. These disparities appear to be complex in nature, involving biological determinants as well as socioeconomic and cultural aspects. We present a review of the literature on racial disparities in the diagnosis of PCa, treatment, survival, and genetic susceptibility...
November 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915443/successful-combination-of-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-and-balloon-dilatation-for-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-in-an-older-child-a-novel-procedure
#3
Satoshi Yokoyama, Shiro Uyama, Hiroyoshi Iwagami, Yukitaka Yamashita
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction beyond infancy. Ramstedt pyloromyotomy remains the gold standard treatment for HPS. This type of HPS can be managed successfully with pyloromyotomy under laparoscopic or open procedures. Endoscopic pyloric balloon dilation (EPBD) has not been recommended in the treatment of HPS, and there are only a small number of reported cases who had had successful endoscopic pyloromyotomy (EP) for HPS only in infants...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915429/high-risk-pml-patients-switching-from-natalizumab-to-alemtuzumab-an-observational-study
#4
Simona Malucchi, Marco Capobianco, Marianna Lo Re, Maria Malentacchi, Alessia di Sapio, Manuela Matta, Francesca Sperli, Antonio Bertolotto
INTRODUCTION: The choice of therapy in patients withdrawing from natalizumab treatment is still an open question and neurologists need strategies to manage this group of patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate if alemtuzumab is able to control the disease when used in patient who have stopped natalizumab. METHODS: 16 patients stopped natalizumab treatment after a median number of 20 infusions (range 12-114); all the patients were responders to natalizumab (neither clinical nor radiological activity during natalizumab therapy) and the reason for stopping was the risk of PML for all of them...
December 3, 2016: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915426/impact-of-a-medication-therapy-management-service-on-the-clinical-status-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
Kirla B Detoni, Isabela V Oliveira, Mariana M G Nascimento, Thaís R Caux, Mateus R Alves, Djenane Ramalho-de-Oliveira
Background At this moment, there is no information in the literature showing the impact of comprehensive medication management (CMM) service delivered to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Objective This study aims to present the clinical outcomes of this service provided to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Settings Public specialty pharmacy where high cost drug treatments are provided for medical conditions not covered by the primary care such as COPD, located in Minas Gerais State, Brazil...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915385/substantial-variation-among-hernia-experts-in-the-decision-for-treatment-of-patients-with-incisional-hernia-a-descriptive-study-on-agreement
#6
D Kokotovic, I Gögenur, F Helgstrand
PURPOSE: Benign elective procedures give rise to heterogeneity in indication for surgery and surgical technique among specialized surgeons in a variety of surgical fields. The objective was to analyze the extent of agreement in surgical management among expert hernia surgeons when evaluating the same patient in a standardized setting. METHODS: Five Danish hernia experts answered questions concerning indication for surgery and surgical technique for 25 video recorded real-life clinical cases...
December 3, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915358/improving-quality-and-reducing-waste-in-allied-health-workplace-education-programs-a-pragmatic-operational-education-framework-approach
#7
Janet Golder, Melanie K Farlie, Samantha Sevenhuysen
BACKGROUND: Efficient utilisation of education resources is required for the delivery of effective learning opportunities for allied health professionals. This study aimed to develop an education framework to support delivery of high-quality education within existing education resources. METHODS: This study was conducted in a large metropolitan health service. Homogenous and purposive sampling methods were utilised in Phase 1 (n=43) and 2 (n=14) consultation stages...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915351/the-role-of-nephrologist-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#8
Zoltán H Endre
Participation by nephrologists is needed in most intensive care units, even when such units are 'closed'. This participation should assist with diagnosis and management of intrinsic and complex renal diseases such as vasculitis, complex metabolic and electrolyte disorders including hyponatremia, and acute kidney injury (AKI) with and without underlying chronic kidney disease (CKD). Early nephrologist involvement will also facilitate transition to continuing care and follow-up after an episode of AKI, but may also assist in avoiding dialysis where treatment is futile...
December 3, 2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915350/rapid-brain-shift-with-remote-site-haemorrhage-after-arachnoid-cyst-excision-treatment-dilemmas
#9
Girish M Ramachandran, Rajesh P Nair, Lakshman I Kongwad, G Shanthakumar
Sylvian arachnoid cysts pose considerable management dilemmas. Surgical options include cyst fenestration, either endoscopically or microsurgically, and cysto-peritoneal shunt. One of the rare complications after rapid decompression of the arachnoid cysts is haemorrhage in the surrounding brain as well as in remote areas. We describe a case of multiple remote-site intra-parenchymal haemorrhage as a rare complication after surgical decompression of a sylvian fissure arachnoid cyst.
December 3, 2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915339/clinicopathological-features-and-predictive-factors-for-colorectal-cancer-outcome-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#10
Abdurrahman Aldiab, Khayal A Al Khayal, Omar A Al Obaid, Ahmed Alsheikh, Khalid Alsaleh, Mohamed Shahid, Hana Alkharji
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most frequent cancer and a leading cause of cancer death in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). To date, no nationwide screening programs have been adopted. This prospective, longitudinal study investigated factors influencing the outcome of CRC in Saudi patients. METHODS: Patients completed a CRC awareness questionnaire. Colonoscopy, CT/MRI, histopathology of tumor biopsies, and KRAS and BRAF testing were performed...
December 3, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915337/quercetin-assists-fluconazole-to-inhibit-biofilm-formations-of-fluconazole-resistant-candida-albicans-in-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antifungal-managements-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis
#11
Mei Gao, Hui Wang, LiJuan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common gynecological disease. Candida albicans is believed to be mainly implicated in VVC occurrence, the biofilm of which is one of the virulence factors responsible for resistance to traditional antifungal agents especially to fluconazole (FCZ). Quercetin (QCT) is a dietary flavonoid and has been demonstrated to be antifungal against C. albicans biofilm. METHODS: 17 C. albicans isolates including 15 clinical ones isolated from VVC patients were employed to investigate the effects of QCT and/or FCZ on the inhibition of C...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915328/critical-care-nephrology-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#12
Lilia Rizo-Topete, Claudio Ronco
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious medical condition affecting millions of people. Patients in intensive care unit (ICU) who develop AKI have increased morbidity and mortality, prolonged length of stay in ICU and hospital and increased costs, especially when they require renal replacement therapy. In the latter case, morbidity and mortality increase further. In order to meet the needs of the critically ill patients, a multidisciplinary care team is required, combining the efforts of physicians and nurses from different disciplines as well as nephrologists and intensivists...
December 3, 2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915323/the-role-of-neonatal-nurses-in-the-prevention-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#13
Geetanjli Kalyan, Sarah Moxon
The main risk factors for preterm babies developing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are poorly administered supplemental oxygen, infections, poor weight gain and transfusion of blood products, meaning ROP is sensitive to the quality of neonatal inpatient care provided, especially the nursing care. Nurses are the primary caregivers in neonatal units and play a critical role in preventing ROP related blindness. We discuss the role of the neonatal nurse in prevention of ROP based on a framework of five dimensions of care: specialist knowledge, clinical advocacy, leadership and mentorship, service management and counselling...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915322/ocular-morbidity-associated-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-treated-and-untreated-eyes-a-review-of-the-literature-and-data-from-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-southern-india
#14
Perumalsamy Vijayalakshmi, Tulika Kara, Clare Gilbert
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an emerging cause of childhood blindness in low- and middle-income countries. We review the magnitude, causes, prevention and treatment of visual impairment caused by ROP over a time span. A review of literature on short and long term structural and functional outcomes of ROP was conducted through PubMed search primarily focusing on studies published during the last decade. Additionally, we have shared data from our institute located in Southern India. Visual Impairment in ROP-treated children ranged from 4...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915321/anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-preparations-in-the-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-balancing-risks-and-benefits
#15
Deepak Chawla, Brian A Darlow
NEED AND PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The standard of management of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is laser ablation of the peripheral retina. Intra-vitreal injection of anti- vascular endothelial growth factor antibodies has emerged as an alternative modality of treatment of ROP. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current evidence on benefits and risks of using anti-VEGF antibodies for management of ROP. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane Register of Clinical Trials were searched for studies evaluating role of anti-VEGF agents in ROP...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915320/retinopathy-of-prematurity-aiims-new-delhi-experience
#16
Sindhu Sivanandan, Parijat Chandra, Ashok K Deorari, Ramesh Agarwal
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of potentially avoidable childhood blindness worldwide. With improvement in neonatal care, more preterm infants are surviving with a resultant increase in the number of ROP cases. In low-middle income countries, the disease epidemiology is characterized by the occurrence of ROP at higher birthweight in premature babies with greater severity at presentation. In this article, we describe the ROP screening and management program at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi that has evolved over last three decades...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915319/retinopathy-of-prematurity-clinical-features-classification-natural-history-management-and-outcome
#17
Parag K Shah, Vishma Prabhu, Ratnesh Ranjan, Venkatapathy Narendran, Narendran Kalpana
CONTEXT: Retinopathy of prematurity is an avoidable cause of childhood blindness. Proper understanding of the classification and treatment methods is a must in tackling this disease. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature search with PubMed was conducted covering the period 1940-2015 with regards to retinopathy of prematurity, retrolental fibroplasia, its natural history, classification and treatment. RESULTS: The clinical features, screening and staging of retinopathy of prematurity according to International classification of retinopathy of prematurity (ICROP) has been included with illustrations...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915313/update-on-blindness-due-to-retinopathy-of-prematurity-globally-and-in-india
#18
Hannah Blencowe, Sarah Moxon, Clare Gilbert
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a well-known complication of preterm birth that can result in avoidable blindness and visual impairment, is especially sensitive to the quality of neonatal inpatient care and appropriate, well-monitored oxygen. In 2010, the annual incidence of blindness and visual impairment from ROP was estimated to be 32,200 cases worldwide. The greatest burden is seen in middle-income countries, particularly where coverage of neonatal inpatient care has expanded without due attention to the quality of care provided, and the neonatal nursing skills and training of those providing this care...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915303/candida-species-isolated-from-different-body-sites-and-their-antifungal-susceptibility-pattern-cross-analysis-of-candida-albicans-and-candida-glabrata-biofilms
#19
Valentina Cataldi, Emanuela Di Campli, Paolo Fazii, Tonino Traini, Luigina Cellini, Mara Di Giulio
Candida species are regular commensal in humans, but-especially in immunocompromised patients-they represent opportunistic pathogens giving rise to systemic infection. The aim of the present work was to isolate and characterize for their antifungal profile Candida species from different body sites and to analyze the biofilms produced by C. albicans and C. glabrata isolates. Eighty-one strains of Candida species from 77 patients were identified. Epidemiological study showed that the most isolated species were C...
December 2, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915300/challenges-in-the-management-of-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis
#20
Chris Kosmidis, Eavan G Muldoon
The management of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) presents multiple challenges. We present three cases that illustrate some of the most challenging aspects of caring for patients with CPA: specifically, antifungal drug resistance, drug interactions, coinfection with nontuberculous mycobacteria, and large-volume hemoptysis.
December 2, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
keyword
keyword
114333
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"