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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670362/antiangiogenic-effects-of-aa-pme-on-huvecs-in-vitro-and-zebrafish-in-vivo
#1
Yue Jing, Gang Wang, Qi Xiao, Yachun Zhou, Yingjie Wei, Zhunan Gong
Angiogenesis plays a vital role in many physiological and pathological processes and several diseases are connected with its dysregulation. Asiatic acid (AA) has demonstrated anticancer properties and we suspect this might be attributable to an effect on angio-genesis. A modified derivative of AA, N-(2α,3β,23-acetoxyurs-12-en-28-oyl)-L-proline methyl ester (AA-PMe), has improved efficacy over its parent compound, but its effect on blood vessel development remains unclear. Methods: In this study, we investigated the antiangiogenic activity of AA and AA-PMe in zebrafish embryos and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658397/inflammation-coagulation-response-and-thrombotic-effects-induced-by-silica-nanoparticles-in-zebrafish-embryos
#2
Junchao Duan, Shuang Liang, Yang Yu, Yang Li, Lijing Wang, Zehao Wu, Yueyue Chen, Mark R Miller, Zhiwei Sun
Nowadays, nanotechnology environmental health and safety (nanoEHS) is gaining attention. We previously found that silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) could induce vascular endothelial damage. However, the subsequent toxicologic response to SiNPs-induced endothelial damage was still largely unknown. In this study, we explored the inflammation-coagulation response and thrombotic effects of SiNPs in endothelial cells and zebrafish embryos. For in vitro study, swollen mitochondria and autophagosome were observed in ultrastructural analysis...
April 14, 2018: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655679/the-extract-of-polygoni-cuspidati-rhizoma-et-radix-suppresses-the-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-induced-angiogenesis
#3
Wei-Hui Hu, Gallant Kar-Lun Chan, Jian-Shu Lou, Qi-Yun Wu, Huai-You Wang, Ran Duan, Michael Yu-Tung Cheng, Tina Ting-Xia Dong, Karl Wah-Keung Tsim
BACKGROUND: Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma et Radix (PCRR; the root and rhizome of Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc) is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of inflammation, hyperlipemia, favus, jaundice and scald. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The extract of PCRR inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis. The hypothesis is supported by analysis of PCRR extract and investigation of pharmacological role and signaling mechanism of PCRR extract in regulating angiogenic responses...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626786/dynamics-of-dual-fluorescent-polymersomes-with-durable-integrity-in-living-cancer-cells-and-zebrafish-embryos
#4
Sven H C Askes, Nelli Bossert, Jeroen Bussmann, Victorio Saez Talens, Michael S Meijer, Roxanne E Kieltyka, Alexander Kros, Sylvestre Bonnet, Doris Heinrich
The long-term fate of biomedical nanoparticles after endocytosis is often only sparsely addressed in vitro and in vivo, while this is a crucial parameter to conclude on their utility. In this study, dual-fluorescent polyisobutylene-polyethylene glycol (PiB-PEG) polymersomes were studied for several days in vitro and in vivo. In order to optically track the vesicles' integrity, one fluorescent probe was located in the membrane and the other in the aqueous interior compartment. These non-toxic nanovesicles were quickly endocytosed in living A549 lung carcinoma cells but unusually slowly transported to perinuclear lysosomal compartments, where they remained intact and luminescent for at least 90 h without being exocytosed...
March 22, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610928/brain-drains-new-insights-into-brain-clearance-pathways-from-lymphatic-biology
#5
REVIEW
Neil I Bower, Benjamin M Hogan
The lymphatic vasculature act as the drainage system for most of our tissues and organs, clearing interstitial fluid and waste and returning them to the blood circulation. This is not the case for the central nervous system (CNS), which is devoid of parenchymal lymphatic vessels. Nevertheless, the brain is responsible for 25% of the body's metabolism and only compromises 2% of the body's mass. This high metabolic load requires an efficient system to remove waste products and maintain homeostasis. Well-described mechanisms of waste clearance include phagocytic immune cell functions as well as perivascular fluid flow; however, the need for active drainage of waste from the brain is becoming increasingly appreciated...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559522/aibp-protects-against-metabolic-abnormalities-and-atherosclerosis
#6
Dina A Schneider, Soo-Ho Choi, Colin Agatisa-Boyle, Laurence Zhu, Jungsu Kim, Jennifer Pattison, Dorothy D Sears, Philip L S M Gordts, Longhou Fang, Yury I Miller
Apolipoprotein A-I Binding Protein (AIBP) has been shown to augment cholesterol efflux from endothelial cells and macrophages. In zebrafish and mice, AIBP-mediated regulation of cholesterol levels in the plasma membrane of endothelial cells controls angiogenesis. The goal of this work was to evaluate metabolic changes and atherosclerosis in AIBP loss-of-function and gain-of-function animal studies. Here we show that Apoa1bp-/-Ldlr-/- mice fed a high-cholesterol, high-fat diet had exacerbated weight gain, liver steatosis, glucose intolerance, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, and larger atherosclerotic lesions compared to Ldlr-/- mice...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550364/mir-126-is-a-conserved-modulator-of-lymphatic-development
#7
Zacharias Kontarakis, Andrea Rossi, Sophie Ramas, Michael T Dellinger, Didier Y R Stainier
Organ homeostasis relies upon cellular and molecular processes that restore tissue structure and function in a timely fashion. Lymphatic vessels help maintain fluid equilibrium by returning interstitial fluid that evades venous uptake back to the circulation. Despite its important role in tissue homeostasis, cancer metastasis, and close developmental origins with the blood vasculature, the number of molecular players known to control lymphatic system development is relatively low. Here we show, using genetic approaches in zebrafish and mice, that the endothelial specific microRNA mir-126, previously implicated in vascular integrity, regulates lymphatic development...
March 14, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547120/control-of-endothelial-cell-polarity-and-sprouting-angiogenesis-by-non-centrosomal-microtubules
#8
Maud Martin, Alexandra Veloso, Jingchao Wu, Eugene A Katrukha, Anna Akhmanova
Microtubules control different aspects of cell polarization. In cells with a radial microtubule system, a pivotal role in setting up asymmetry is attributed to the relative positioning of the centrosome and the nucleus. Here, we show that centrosome loss had no effect on the ability of endothelial cells to polarize and move in 2D and 3D environments. In contrast, non-centrosomal microtubules stabilized by the microtubule minus-end-binding protein CAMSAP2 were required for directional migration on 2D substrates and for the establishment of polarized cell morphology in soft 3D matrices...
March 16, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545372/tbx20-regulates-angiogenesis-through-the-prok2-prokr1-pathway
#9
Shu Meng, Qilin Gu, Xiaojie Yang, Jie Lv, Iris Owusu, Gianfranco Matrone, Kaifu Chen, John P Cooke, Longhou Fang
Background -Angiogenesis is integral for embryogenesis, and targeting angiogenesis improves the outcome of many pathological conditions in patients. TBX20 is a crucial transcription factor for embryonic development, and its deficiency is associated with congenital heart disease. However, the role of TBX20 in angiogenesis has not been described. Methods -Loss- and gain-of-function approaches were used to explore the role of TBX20 in angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo Angiogenesis gene array was used to identify key downstream targets of TBX20...
March 15, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542005/realgar-transforming-solution-suppresses-angiogenesis-and-tumor-growth-by-inhibiting-vegf-receptor-2-signaling-in-vein-endothelial-cells
#10
Peng Song, Yang Hai, Xin Wang, Longhe Zhao, Baoqiang Chen, Peng Cui, Qinjian Xie, Lan Yu, Yang Li, Zhengrong Wu, Hongyu Li
Realgar (As4 S4 ), as an arsenic sulfide mineral drug, has a good therapeutic reputation for anticancer in Traditional Chinese Medicine, and has recently been reported to inhibit angiogenesis in tumor growth. However, considering the poor solubility and low bioavailability of realgar, large dose of realgar and long period of treatment are necessary for achieving the effective blood medicine concentration. In present study, we resolved the crucial problem of poor solubility of realgar by using intrinsic biotransformation in microorganism, and investigated underlying mechanisms of realgar transforming solution (RTS) for antiangiogenesis...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507700/glucose-regulated-protein-94-mediates-progression-and-metastasis-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-via-mitochondrial-function-and-the-nf-kb-cox-2-vegf-axis
#11
Chien-Yu Huang, Chia-Hwa Lee, Chao-Chiang Tu, Chih-Hsiung Wu, Ming-Te Huang, Po-Li Wei, Yu-Jia Chang
Esophageal cancer is a worldwide health problem with a very poor prognosis. Therefore, new diagnostic biomarkers or therapeutic strategies for identifying and managing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are urgently needed. Glucose-regulated protein 94 (GRP94) is one of major endoplasmic reticulum-stress response proteins that plays a key role in cancer progression and therapeutic responses. However, the role of GRP94 in ESCC progression and metastasis remains unclear. The tissue array results indicated that higher GRP94 expression levels were associated with lower overall survival and higher lympho-node metastasis...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485854/toward-understanding-in-vivo-sequestration-of-nanoparticles-at-the-molecular-level
#12
Bohan Yin, Kin Hei Kelvin Li, Lok Wai Cola Ho, Cecilia Ka Wing Chan, Chung Hang Jonathan Choi
A longstanding and widely accepted bottleneck in the targeted delivery of intravenously injected nanoparticles lies in their clearance by macrophages in the liver and spleen. In this Perspective, we call for deeper understanding of the critical role of endothelial cells in the sequestration of nanoparticles in vivo. In this issue of ACS Nano, Campbell et al. used a combination of real-time imaging and genome-editing methods to demonstrate that stabilin-2 is an important receptor for removing anionic liposomes from blood circulation in a zebrafish model...
February 27, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473997/extracellular-bone-morphogenetic-protein-modulator-bmper-and-twisted-gastrulation-homolog-1-preserve-arterial-venous-specification-in-zebrafish-blood-vessel-development-and-regulate-notch-signaling-in-endothelial-cells
#13
Jennifer Susanne Esser, Rahel Elisabeth Steiner, Meike Deckler, Hannah Schmitt, Bianca Engert, Sandra Link, Anne Charlet, Cam Patterson, Christoph Bode, Qian Zhou, Martin Moser
The bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway plays a central role during vasculature development. Mutations or dysregulation of the BMP pathway members have been linked to arteriovenous malformations. In the present study, we investigated the effect of the BMP modulators BMPER and twisted gastrulation protein homolog 1 (TWSG1) on arteriovenous specification during zebrafish development and analyzed downstream Notch signaling pathway in human endothelial cells. Silencing of bmper and twsg1b in zebrafish embryos by morpholinos resulted in a pronounced enhancement of venous ephrinB4a marker expression and concomitant dysregulated arterial ephrinb2a marker expression detected by in situ hybridization...
February 23, 2018: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463877/cinnamaldehyde-accelerates-wound-healing-by-promoting-angiogenesis-via-up-regulation-of-pi3k-and-mapk-signaling-pathways
#14
Xing Yuan, Lin Han, Peng Fu, Huawu Zeng, Chao Lv, Wanlin Chang, R Scott Runyon, Momoko Ishii, Liwen Han, Kechun Liu, Taiping Fan, Weidong Zhang, Runhui Liu
The bark of Cinnamomum cassia (C. cassia) has been used for the management of coronary heart disease (CHD) and diabetes mellitus. C. cassia may target the vasculature, as it stimulates angiogenesis, promotes blood circulation and wound healing. However, the active components and working mechanisms of C. cassia are not fully elucidated. The Shexiang Baoxin pill (SBP), which consists of seven medicinal materials, including C. cassia etc., is widely used as a traditional Chinese patent medicine for the treatment of CHD...
February 20, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438257/recent-insights-into-vascular-development-from-studies-in-zebrafish
#15
Ryota L Matsuoka, Didier Y R Stainier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Zebrafish has provided a powerful platform to study vascular biology over the past 25 years, owing to their distinct advantages for imaging and genetic manipulation. In this review, we summarize recent progress in vascular biology with particular emphasis on vascular development in zebrafish. RECENT FINDINGS: The advent of transcription activator-like effector nuclease and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 genome-editing technologies has dramatically facilitated reverse genetic approaches in zebrafish, as in other models...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414790/histone-acetyltransferase-7-kat7-dependent-intragenic-histone-acetylation-regulates-endothelial-cell-gene-regulation
#16
Matthew S Yan, Paul J Turgeon, Hon Sum Jeffrey Man, Michelle K Dubinsky, Jr Jyun David Ho, Suzan El-Rass, You-Dong Wang, Xiao-Yan Wen, Philip A Marsden
Although the functional role of chromatin marks at promoters in mediating cell-restricted gene expression has been well characterized, the role of intragenic chromatin marks is not well understood, especially in endothelial cell (EC) gene expression. Here, we characterized the histone H3 and H4 acetylation profiles of 19 genes with EC-enriched expression via loci-wide chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by ultra high resolution (5 bp) tiling array analysis in ECs versus non-ECs throughout their genomic loci...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397482/somatic-nras-mutation-in-patient-with-generalized-lymphatic-anomaly
#17
Eugenia Manevitz-Mendelson, Gil S Leichner, Ortal Barel, Inbal Davidi-Avrahami, Limor Ziv-Strasser, Eran Eyal, Itai Pessach, Uri Rimon, Aviv Barzilai, Abraham Hirshberg, Keren Chechekes, Ninette Amariglio, Gideon Rechavi, Karina Yaniv, Shoshana Greenberger
Generalized lymphatic anomaly (GLA or lymphangiomatosis) is a rare disease characterized by a diffuse proliferation of lymphatic vessels in skin and internal organs. It often leads to progressive respiratory failure and death, but its etiology is unknown. Here, we isolated lymphangiomatosis endothelial cells from GLA tissue. These cells were characterized by high proliferation and survival rates, but displayed impaired capacities for migration and tube formation. We employed whole exome sequencing to search for disease-causing genes and identified a somatic mutation in NRAS...
February 3, 2018: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381707/rasa3-controls-turnover-of-endothelial-cell-adhesion-and-vascular-lumen-integrity-by-a-rap1-dependent-mechanism
#18
Patricia Molina-Ortiz, Tanguy Orban, Maud Martin, Audrey Habets, Franck Dequiedt, Stéphane Schurmans
Rasa3 is a GTPase activating protein of the GAP1 family which targets R-Ras and Rap1. Although catalytic inactivation or deletion of Rasa3 in mice leads to severe hemorrhages and embryonic lethality, the biological function and cellular location of Rasa3 underlying these defects remains unknown. Here, using a combination of loss of function studies in mouse and zebrafish as well as in vitro cell biology approaches, we identify a key role for Rasa3 in endothelial cells and vascular lumen integrity. Specific ablation of Rasa3 in the mouse endothelium, but not in megakaryocytes and platelets, lead to embryonic bleeding and death at mid-gestation, recapitulating the phenotype observed in full Rasa3 knock-out mice...
January 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364115/heg1-and-ccm1-2-proteins-control-endocardial-mechanosensitivity-during-zebrafish-valvulogenesis
#19
Stefan Donat, Marta Lourenço, Alessio Paolini, Cécile Otten, Marc Renz, Salim Abdelilah-Seyfried
Endothelial cells respond to different levels of fluid shear stress through adaptations of their mechanosensitivity. Currently, we lack a good understanding of how this contributes to sculpting of the cardiovascular system. Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is an inherited vascular disease that occurs when a second somatic mutation causes a loss of CCM1/KRIT1, CCM2, or CCM3 proteins. Here, we demonstrate that zebrafish Krit1 regulates the formation of cardiac valves. Expression of heg1 , which encodes a binding partner of Krit1, is positively regulated by blood-flow...
February 1, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357127/molecular-regulation-of-sprouting-angiogenesis
#20
Camille L Duran, David W Howell, Jui M Dave, Rebecca L Smith, Melanie E Torrie, Jeffrey J Essner, Kayla J Bayless
The term angiogenesis arose in the 18th century. Several studies over the next 100 years laid the groundwork for initial studies performed by the Folkman laboratory, which were at first met with some opposition. Once overcome, the angiogenesis field has flourished due to studies on tumor angiogenesis and various developmental models that can be genetically manipulated, including mice and zebrafish. In addition, new discoveries have been aided by the ability to isolate primary endothelial cells, which has allowed dissection of various steps within angiogenesis...
December 12, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
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