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zebrafish endothelial

Yuan Ren, Nan Ji, Xixiong Kang, Renzhi Wang, Wenbin Ma, Zhenjun Hu, Xingfeng Liu, Yajie Wang
Glioblastoma is a highly vascularized brain tumor that causes high mortality. Kininogen-1 (KNG1) has demonstrated both tumor suppressor and antiangiogenesis properties in gliobastoma cells. We analyzed the microarray and proteomic profiles of tumor tissues from glioblastoma patients (N = 180), and identified potential RNA regulators of the KNG1. Validation experiments in U87 glioblastoma cells showed that the regulation of KNG1 by CTU1, KIAA1274, and RAX was mediated by miR-138. The siRNA-mediated knockdown of CTU1, KIAA1274, or RAX in U87 cells and immortalized human endothelial cells (iHECs) significantly reduced KNG1 expression (P < 0...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Xunian Zhou, Grace Gar-Lee Yue, Minghua Liu, Zhili Zuo, Julia Kin-Ming Lee, Mingyue Li, Stephen Kwok-Wing Tsui, Kwok-Pui Fung, Handong Sun, Jianxin Pu, Clara Bik-San Lau
Eriocalyxin B (EriB), a natural ent-kaurane diterpenoid isolated from the plant Isodon eriocalyx var. laxiflora, has emerged as a promising anticancer agent. The effects of EriB on angiogenesis were explored in the present study. Here we demonstrated that the subintestinal vein formation was significantly inhibited by EriB treatment (10, 15 μM) in zebrafish embryos, which was resulted from the alteration of various angiogenic genes as shown in transcriptome profiling. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells, EriB treatment (50, 100 nM) could significantly block vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF)-induced cell proliferation, tube formation, cell migration and cell invasion...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Adrian G Murphy, Rory Casey, Aoife Maguire, Miriam Tosetto, Clare T Butler, Emer Conroy, Alison L Reynolds, Kieran Sheahan, Diarmuid O'Donoghue, William M Gallagher, David Fennelly, Breandán N Kennedy, Jacintha O'Sullivan
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer deaths. Molecularly targeted therapies (e.g. bevacizumab) have improved survival rates but drug resistance ultimately develops and newer therapies are required. We identified quininib as a small molecule drug with anti-angiogenic activity using in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo screening models. Quininib (2-[(E)-2-(Quinolin-2-yl) vinyl] phenol), is a small molecule drug (molecular weight 283.75 g/mol), which significantly inhibited blood vessel development in zebrafish embryos (p < 0...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Wai-Lun Kwong, Kar-Yee Lam, Chun-Nam Lok, Yau-Tsz Lai, Pui-Yan Lee, Chi-Ming Che
A macrocyclic ruthenium(III) complex [Ru(III) (N2 O2 )Cl2 ]Cl (Ru-1) is reported as an inhibitor of angiogenesis and an anti-tumor compound. The complex is relatively non-cytotoxic towards endothelial and cancer cell lines in vitro, but specifically inhibited the processes of angiogenic endothelial cell tube formation and cancer cell invasion. Moreover, compared with known anti-cancer ruthenium complexes, Ru-1 is distinct in that it suppressed the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2), and the associated downstream signaling that is crucial to tumor angiogenesis...
October 17, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Pavel I Nedvetsky, Xiaocheng Zhao, Thomas Mathivet, Irene M Aspalter, Fabio Stanchi, Ross J Metzger, Keith E Mostov, Holger Gerhardt
cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) is a ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine kinase that regulates a variety of cellular functions. Here, we demonstrate that endothelial PKA activity is essential for vascular development, specifically regulating the transition from sprouting to stabilization of nascent vessels. Inhibition of endothelial PKA by endothelial cell-specific expression of dominant-negative PKA in mice led to perturbed vascular development, hemorrhage and embryonic lethality at mid-gestation...
October 1, 2016: Development
Ayumi Nagasawa-Masuda, Kenta Terai
Vasculogenesis is essential during early development to construct networks transporting oxygen, blood and nutrients. Tip and stalk cells are specialized endothelial cells involved in novel vessel formation because of their behavior such as sprouting as a leading cell and following tip cell. However, the spatiotemporal details determining the emergence of these cells are unknown. Here, we first show that the ERK activity in endothelial cells represents the precursor of tip and stalk cells for vasculogenesis in zebrafish...
October 3, 2016: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Alessandra Giorgetti, Julio Castaño, Clara Bueno, Rafael Diaz de la Guardia, Mario Delgado, Anna Bigas, Lluis Espinosa, Pablo Menendez
Recent studies in zebrafish and mice demonstrated that proinflammatory signaling is a positive regulator of definitive hematopoietic development. Whether proinflammatory signaling regulates also human hematopoietic specification remains unknown. Here, we explored the impact of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), interferon-γ (IFNγ) and interleukin-1β (IL1β) on in vitro hematopoietic differentiation using human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs). Gene expression analysis and ELISA revealed the absence of a proinflammatory signature during hematopoietic development of hPSCs...
September 27, 2016: Experimental Hematology
Martin Hagedorn, Géraldine Siegfried, Katarzyna B Hooks, Abdel-Majid Khatib
Tissue regeneration requires expression of a large, unknown number of genes to initiate and maintain cellular processes such as proliferation, extracellular matrix synthesis, differentiation and migration. A unique model to simulate this process in a controlled manner is the re-growth of the caudal fin of zebrafish after amputation. Within this tissue stem cells differentiate into fibroblasts, epithelial and endothelial cells as well as melanocytes. Many genes implicated in the regeneration process are deregulated in cancer...
September 26, 2016: Oncotarget
David Zada, Adi Tovin, Tali Lerer-Goldshtein, Lior Appelbaum
Hypomyelination is a key symptom of the Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome (AHDS), a psychomotor retardation associated with mutations in the thyroid-hormone (TH) transporter MCT8. AHDS is characterized by severe intellectual deficiency, neuromuscular impairment, and brain hypothyroidism. In order to understand the mechanism for TH-dependent hypomyelination, we developed an mct8 mutant (mct8-/-) zebrafish model. The quantification of genetic markers for oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) and mature oligodendrocytes revealed reduced differentiation of OPCs into oligodendrocytes in mct8-/- larvae and adults...
September 23, 2016: Disease Models & Mechanisms
Rubén Marín-Juez, Michele Marass, Sebastien Gauvrit, Andrea Rossi, Shih-Lei Lai, Stefan C Materna, Brian L Black, Didier Y R Stainier
Zebrafish have a remarkable capacity to regenerate their heart. Efficient replenishment of lost tissues requires the activation of different cell types including the epicardium and endocardium. A complex set of processes is subsequently needed to support cardiomyocyte repopulation. Previous studies have identified important determinants of heart regeneration; however, to date, how revascularization of the damaged area happens remains unknown. Here, we show that angiogenic sprouting into the injured area starts as early as 15 h after injury...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Martina Konantz, Elisa Alghisi, Joëlle S Müller, Anna Lenard, Virginie Esain, Kelli J Carroll, Lothar Kanz, Trista E North, Claudia Lengerke
During development, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) emerge from aortic endothelial cells (ECs) through an intermediate stage called hemogenic endothelium by a process known as endothelial-to-hematopoietic transition (EHT). While Notch signaling, including its upstream regulator Vegf, is known to regulate this process, the precise molecular control and temporal specificity of Notch activity remain unclear. Here, we identify the zebrafish transcriptional regulator evi1 as critically required for Notch-mediated EHT In vivo live imaging studies indicate that evi1 suppression impairs EC progression to hematopoietic fate and therefore HSC emergence...
September 16, 2016: EMBO Journal
Andrea James, Chanjae Lee, Andre M Williams, Krista Angileri, Kira L Lathrop, Jeffrey M Gross
A critical aspect of vertebrate eye development is closure of the choroid fissure (CF). Defects in CF closure result in colobomas, which are a significant cause of childhood blindness worldwide. Despite the growing number of mutated loci associated with colobomas, we have a limited understanding of the cell biological underpinnings of CF closure. Here, we utilize the zebrafish embryo to identify key phases of CF closure and regulators of the process. Utilizing Laminin-111 as a marker for the basement membrane (BM) lining the CF, we determine the spatial and temporal patterns of BM breakdown in the CF, a prerequisite for CF closure...
September 12, 2016: Developmental Biology
Augustine T Nkembo, Elizabeth Ntantie, Olufisayo O Salako, Felix Amissah, Rosemary A Poku, Lekan M Latinwo, Nazarius S Lamango
Angiogenesis is essential for solid tumor growth, therapeutic resistance and metastasis, the latest accounting for 90% of cancer deaths. Although angiogenesis is essential for the malignant transformations in solid tumors and therefore is an attractive target, few drugs are available that block tumor angiogenesis. The focus has been to block signaling by receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), such as for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), whose activation abrogate apoptosis and promote angiogenesis. The polyisoprenylated cysteinyl amide inhibitors (PCAIs) were designed to modulate aberrant polyisoprenylated small G-proteins such as mutant Ras whose constitutive activation promotes RTKs signaling...
September 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Masahiro Shin, Ira Male, Timothy J Beane, Jacques A Villefranc, Fatma O Kok, Lihua J Zhu, Nathan D Lawson
Vascular endothelial growth factor C (Vegfc) activates its receptor, Flt4, to induce lymphatic development. However, the signals that act downstream of Flt4 in this context in vivo remain unclear. To better understand Flt4 signaling, we generated zebrafish bearing a deletion in the Flt4 cytoplasmic domain that eliminates tyrosines Y1226 and 1227. Embryos bearing this deletion failed to initiate sprouting or differentiation of trunk lymphatic vessels and did not form a thoracic duct. Deletion of Y1226/7 prevented ERK phosphorylation in lymphatic progenitors while ERK inhibition blocked trunk lymphatic sprouting and differentiation...
September 12, 2016: Development
Bei Xu, Quansheng Jin, Jun Zeng, Ting Yu, Yan Chen, Shuangzhi Li, Daoqiong Gong, Lili He, Xiaoyue Tan, Li Yang, Gu He, Jinhui Wu, Xiangrong Song
A rational combination is critical to achieve efficiently synergistic therapeutic efficacy for tumor treatment. Hence, we designed novel antitumor combinations (T-NPs) by integrating the tumor vascular and tumor cells dual-targeting ligand with antiangiogenesis/antitumor agents. The truncated bFGF peptide (tbFGF), which could effectively bind to FGFR1 overexpressed on tumor neovasculature endothelial cells and tumor cells, was selected to modify PLGA nanoparticles (D/P-NPs) simultaneously loaded with PEDF gene and paclitaxel in this study...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Stefanie Spiegler, Bettina Kirchmaier, Matthias Rath, G Christoph Korenke, Fabian Tetzlaff, Maartje van de Vorst, Kornelia Neveling, Amparo Acker-Palmer, Andreas W Kuss, Christian Gilissen, Andreas Fischer, Stefan Schulte-Merker, Ute Felbor
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are prevalent slow-flow vascular lesions which harbour the risk to develop intracranial haemorrhages, focal neurological deficits, and epileptic seizures. Autosomal dominantly inherited CCMs were found to be associated with heterozygous inactivating mutations in 3 genes, CCM1 (KRIT1), CCM2 (MGC4607), and CCM3 (PDCD10) in 1999, 2003 and 2005, respectively. Despite the availability of high-throughput sequencing techniques, no further CCM gene has been published since. Here, we report on the identification of an autosomal dominantly inherited frameshift mutation in a gene of thus far unknown function, FAM222B (C17orf63), through exome sequencing of CCM patients mutation-negative for CCM1-3...
July 2016: Molecular Syndromology
Raphael Müller, Tyler Weirick, David John, Giuseppe Militello, Wei Chen, Stefanie Dimmeler, Shizuka Uchida
Increasing evidence indicates the presence of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is specific to various cell types. Although lncRNAs are speculated to be more numerous than protein-coding genes, the annotations of lncRNAs remain primitive due to the lack of well-structured schemes for their identification and description. Here, we introduce a new knowledge database "ANGIOGENES" ( to allow for in silico screening of protein-coding genes and lncRNAs expressed in various types of endothelial cells, which are present in all tissues...
2016: Scientific Reports
Sankar Jagadeeshan, R Vivek Sagayaraj, Navina Paneerselvan, Syed Shabin Ghouse, Raghunathan Malathi
p21-activated kinase 1 (Pak1)-a key node protein kinase regulating various cellular process including angiogenesis-has been recognised to be a therapeutic target for multitude of diseases, and hence, various small molecule inhibitors targeting its activity have been tested. However, the direct toxic and anti-angiogenic effects of these pharmacologic agents have not been examined. In this study, we evaluate the translational efficacy of Pak1 inhibitor IPA-3 using zebrafish toxicity model system to stratify its anti-angiogenic potential and off-target effects to streamline the compound for further therapeutic usage...
August 31, 2016: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Feng Cheng, Liyun Miao, Qing Wu, Xia Gong, Jingwei Xiong, Jian Zhang
Coronary vessel development is a highly coordinated process during heart formation. Abnormal development and dysfunction of the coronary network are contributory factors in the majority of heart disease. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that regulate coronary vessel formation is crucial for preventing and treating the disease. We report a zebrafish gene-trap vinculin b (vclb) mutant that displays abnormal coronary vessel development among multiple cardiac defects. The mutant shows overproliferation of epicardium-derived cells and disorganization of coronary vessels, and they eventually die off at juvenile stages...
October 1, 2016: Development
M Shin, T Beane, A Quillien, I Male, L J Zhu, N D Lawson
Vascular endothelial growth factor a (Vegfa) is essential for blood vessel formation and can induce activation of numerous signaling effectors in endothelial cells. However, it is unclear how and where these function in developmental contexts during vascular morphogenesis. To address this issue, we have visualized activation of presumptive Vegfa effectors at single cell resolution in zebrafish blood vessels. From these studies, we find that phosphorylation of the serine/threonine kinase ERK (pERK) preferentially occurs in endothelial cells undergoing angiogenesis, but not in committed arterial endothelial cells...
August 30, 2016: Development
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