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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429770/neurons-secrete-mir-132-containing-exosomes-to-regulate-brain-vascular-integrity
#1
Bing Xu, Yu Zhang, Xu-Fei Du, Jia Li, Hua-Xing Zi, Ji-Wen Bu, Yong Yan, Hua Han, Jiu-Lin Du
Vascular integrity helps maintain brain microenvironment homeostasis, which is critical for the normal development and function of the central nervous system. It is known that neural cells can regulate brain vascular integrity. However, due to the high complexity of neurovascular interactions involved, understanding of the neural regulation of brain vascular integrity is still rudimentary. Using intact zebrafish larvae and cultured rodent brain cells, we find that neurons transfer miR-132, a highly conserved and neuron-enriched microRNA, via secreting exosomes to endothelial cells (ECs) to maintain brain vascular integrity...
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428220/cmtm3-cklf-like-marvel-transmembrane-domain-3-mediates-angiogenesis-by-regulating-cell-surface-availability-of-ve-cadherin-in-endothelial-adherens-junctions
#2
Ihsan Chrifi, Laura Louzao-Martinez, Maarten Brandt, Christian G M van Dijk, Petra Burgisser, Changbin Zhu, Johan M Kros, Dirk J Duncker, Caroline Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Decrease in VE-cadherin adherens junctions reduces vascular stability, whereas disruption of adherens junctions is a requirement for neovessel sprouting during angiogenesis. Endocytosis plays a key role in regulating junctional strength by altering bioavailability of cell surface proteins, including VE-cadherin. Identification of new mediators of endothelial endocytosis could enhance our understanding of angiogenesis. Here, we assessed the function of CMTM3 (CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain 3), which we have previously identified as highly expressed in Flk1(+) endothelial progenitor cells during embryonic development...
April 20, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412217/dalbergia-odorifera-extract-promotes-angiogenesis-through-upregulation-of-vegfrs-and-pi3k-mapk-signaling-pathways
#3
Zhu-Ming Fan, Da-Ying Wang, Jian-Mei Yang, Zhi-Xiu Lin, Ai-Lin Yang, Hua Fan, Min Cao, Su-Yun Yuan, Zong-Jun Liu, Xin Zhou, You-Hua Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The heart wood of Dalbergia odorifera is a Chinese herbal medicine commonly used for the treatment of various ischemic diseases in Chinese medicine practice. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, therapeutic angiogenesis effects of the Dalbergia odorifera extract (DOE) were investigated on transgenic zebrafish in vivo and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pro-angiogenic effects of DOE on zebrafish were examined by subintestinal vessels (SIVs) sprouting assay and intersegmental vessels (ISVs) injury assay...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392885/the-transcription-factor-bach1-suppresses-the-developmental-angiogenesis-of-zebrafish
#4
Li Jiang, Meng Yin, Jie Xu, Mengping Jia, Shaoyang Sun, Xu Wang, Jianyi Zhang, Dan Meng
Bach1 disrupts Wnt/β-catenin signaling, reduces the proliferation, migration, and tube formation activity of endothelial cells (ECs), and suppresses angiogenesis in mice with surgically induced hind-limb ischemia (HLI). However, the function of Bach1 during developmental angiogenesis in zebrafish remains unclear. Here, we found that zebrafish Bach1 was expressed ubiquitously during early embryonic development in zebrafish. Bach1b mRNA injection of Tg(fli1:gfp) fish disrupted intersegmental vessels (ISV) and dorsal longitudinal anastomotic vessels (DLAV) and suppressed endogenous Wnt/β-catenin signaling and Wnt8a stimulated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene expression at early embryonic stages of zebrafish...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376864/antiangiogenic-effects-of-oridonin
#5
Lili Tian, Kangjie Xie, Donglai Sheng, Xiaoqing Wan, Guofu Zhu
BACKGROUND: Oridonin, the major terpene found in Rabdosia rubescens (Henmsl.) Hara, is widely used as a dietary supplement and therapeutic drug. Oridonin has been proven to possess good anti-tumour activity, but little is known about its effect on angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the antiangiogenic effects of oridonin in vivo and in vitro and prove that oridonin anti-tumour activity is based on suppressing angiogenesis. METHODS: In vitro, the antiangiogenesis effect was studied by proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, and tube formation experiments on human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369143/yap-taz-transcriptional-activity-is-essential-for-vascular-regression-via-ctgf-expression-and-actin-polymerization
#6
Ayumi Nagasawa-Masuda, Kenta Terai
Vascular regression is essential to remove redundant vessels during the formation of an efficient vascular network that can transport oxygen and nutrient to every corner of the body. However, no mechanism is known to explain how major blood vessels regress during development. Here we use the dorsal part of the caudal vein plexus (dCVP) in Zebrafish to investigate the mechanism of regression and discover a new role of Yap/Taz in vascular regression. During regression, Yap/Taz is activated by blood circulation in the endothelial cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367511/potential-protective-function-of-the-sterol-regulatory-element-binding-factor-1-fatty-acid-desaturase-1-2-axis-in-early-stage-age-related-macular-degeneration
#7
Yoshifumi Ashikawa, Yuhei Nishimura, Shiko Okabe, Yumi Sato, Mizuki Yuge, Tomoko Tada, Haruka Miyao, Soichiro Murakami, Koki Kawaguchi, Shota Sasagawa, Yasuhito Shimada, Toshio Tanaka
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of vision loss in elderly individuals throughout the developed world. Inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor have been successfully used to treat choroidal neovascularization in late-stage AMD. The pathogenesis of early-stage AMD, however, remains largely unknown, impairing efforts to develop effective therapies that prevent progression to late-stage AMD. To address this, we performed comparative transcriptomics of macular and extramacular retinal pigmented epithelium-choroid (RPE-choroid) tissue from early-stage AMD patients...
March 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365243/cns-angiogenesis-and-barriergenesis-occur-simultaneously
#8
Robyn A Umans, Hannah E Henson, Fangzhou Mu, Chaithanyarani Parupalli, Bensheng Ju, Jennifer L Peters, Kevin A Lanham, Jessica S Plavicki, Michael R Taylor
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays a vital role in the central nervous system (CNS). A comprehensive understanding of BBB development has been hampered by difficulties in observing the differentiation of brain endothelial cells (BECs) in real-time. Here, we generated two transgenic zebrafish line, Tg(glut1b:mCherry) and Tg(plvap:EGFP), to serve as in vivo reporters of BBB development. We showed that barriergenesis (i.e. the induction of BEC differentiation) occurs immediately as endothelial tips cells migrate into the brain parenchyma...
March 29, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356442/modulation-of-endothelial-bmpr2-activity-by-vegfr3-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#9
Cheol Hwangbo, Heon-Woo Lee, Hyeseon Kang, Hyekyung Ju, David S Wiley, Irinna Papangeli, Jinah Han, Jun-Dae Kim, William P Dunworth, Xiaoyue Hu, Seyoung Lee, Omar El-Hely, Avraham Sofer, Boryeong Pak, Laura Peterson, Suzy Comhair, Eun Mi Hwang, Jae-Yong Park, Jean-Léon Thomas, Victoria L Bautch, Serpil C Erzurum, Hyung J Chun, Suk-Won Jin
Background -Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) signaling has multiple roles in the development and function of the blood vessels. In humans, mutations in BMP type 2 receptors (BMPR2), a key component of BMP signaling, have been identified in the majority of patients with familial pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, only a small subset of individuals with BMPR2 mutation develops PAH, suggesting that additional modifiers of BMPR2 function play an important role in the onset and progression of PAH. Methods -We utilized a combination of studies in zebrafish embryos and genetically engineered mice lacking endothelial expression of Vegfr3 to determine the interaction between VEGFR3 and BMPR2...
March 29, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353145/mapk-erk-signalling-is-required-for-zebrafish-cardiac-regeneration
#10
Peiyun Liu, Tao P Zhong
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the molecular mechanisms of regeneration and explore the potential signalling pathways as therapeutic targets for heart attacks. RESULTS: After treatment with the MEK inhibitor AZD6244 upon cardiac injury, the core members in MAPK/ERK signalling-mek and erk-demonstrate elevated expression, and these proteins are deposited at the injury site in zebrafish. pERK is also induced in non-cardiomyocytes near the injury site. Furthermore, the induced expression of a dominant-negative form of MEK1 inhibits zebrafish cardiac regeneration, characterized by increased cardiac fibrosis (a hallmark of regenerative failure), reduced or delayed production of regenerative myocardium, and migration of FLI1(+) endothelial cells, without direct inhibition of cardiomyocyte proliferation...
March 28, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351983/cxcr1-remodels-the-vascular-niche-to-promote-hematopoietic-stem-and-progenitor-cell-engraftment
#11
Bradley W Blaser, Jessica L Moore, Elliott J Hagedorn, Brian Li, Raquel Riquelme, Asher Lichtig, Song Yang, Yi Zhou, Owen J Tamplin, Vera Binder, Leonard I Zon
The microenvironment is an important regulator of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) biology. Recent advances marking fluorescent HSPCs have allowed exquisite visualization of HSPCs in the caudal hematopoietic tissue (CHT) of the developing zebrafish. Here, we show that the chemokine cxcl8 and its receptor, cxcr1, are expressed by zebrafish endothelial cells, and we identify cxcl8/cxcr1 signaling as a positive regulator of HSPC colonization. Single-cell tracking experiments demonstrated that this is a result of increases in HSPC-endothelial cell "cuddling," HSPC residency time within the CHT, and HSPC mitotic rate...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350986/flow-dependent-endothelial-yap-regulation-contributes-to-vessel-maintenance
#12
Hiroyuki Nakajima, Kimiko Yamamoto, Sobhika Agarwala, Kenta Terai, Hajime Fukui, Shigetomo Fukuhara, Koji Ando, Takahiro Miyazaki, Yasuhiro Yokota, Etienne Schmelzer, Heinz-Georg Belting, Markus Affolter, Virginie Lecaudey, Naoki Mochizuki
Endothelial cells (ECs) line the inside of blood vessels and respond to mechanical cues generated by blood flow. Mechanical stimuli regulate the localization of YAP by reorganizing the actin cytoskeleton. Here we demonstrate blood-flow-mediated regulation of endothelial YAP in vivo. We indirectly monitored transcriptional activity of Yap1 (zebrafish YAP) and its spatiotemporal localization in living zebrafish and found that Yap1 entered the nucleus and promoted transcription in response to blood flow. In cultured human ECs, laminar shear stress induced nuclear import of YAP and its transcriptional activity in a manner independent of Hippo signaling...
March 27, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350983/pushing-yap-into-the-nucleus-with-shear-force
#13
Jason Kuan Han Lai, Didier Y R Stainier
Endothelial cells line blood vessels and experience shear stress from blood flow. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Nakajima and colleagues (2017) show that in zebrafish Yap responds to blood flow by translocating into the nucleus, where it drives a genetic program to maintain vascular stability.
March 27, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350162/in-vivo-recognition-of-human-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-by-molecularly-imprinted-polymers
#14
Alessandra Cecchini, Vittoria Raffa, Francesco Canfarotta, Giovanni Signore, Sergey Piletsky, Michael P MacDonald, Alfred Cuschieri
One of the mechanisms responsible for cancer-induced increased blood supply in malignant neoplasms is the overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Several antibodies for VEGF targeting have been produced for both imaging and therapy. Molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles, nanoMIPs, however, offer significant advantages over antibodies, in particular in relation to improved stability, speed of design, cost and control over functionalization. In the present study, the successful production of nanoMIPs against human VEGF is reported for the first time...
April 3, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348206/high-throughput-identification-of-small-molecules-that-affect-human-embryonic-vascular-development
#15
Helena Vazão, Susana Rosa, Tânia Barata, Ricardo Costa, Patrícia R Pitrez, Inês Honório, Margreet R de Vries, Dimitri Papatsenko, Rui Benedito, Daniel Saris, Ali Khademhosseini, Paul H A Quax, Carlos F Pereira, Nadia Mercader, Hugo Fernandes, Lino Ferreira
Birth defects, which are in part caused by exposure to environmental chemicals and pharmaceutical drugs, affect 1 in every 33 babies born in the United States each year. The current standard to screen drugs that affect embryonic development is based on prenatal animal testing; however, this approach yields low-throughput and limited mechanistic information regarding the biological pathways and potential adverse consequences in humans. To develop a screening platform for molecules that affect human embryonic development based on endothelial cells (ECs) derived from human pluripotent stem cells, we differentiated human pluripotent stem cells into embryonic ECs and induced their maturation under arterial flow conditions...
March 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332618/the-chemokine-receptor-cxcr4-promotes-granuloma-formation-by-sustaining-a-mycobacteria-induced-angiogenesis-programme
#16
Vincenzo Torraca, Claudia Tulotta, B Ewa Snaar-Jagalska, Annemarie H Meijer
CXC chemokine receptor 4 plays a critical role in chemotaxis and leukocyte differentiation. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence that links this receptor to angiogenesis. Using the well-established zebrafish-Mycobacterium marinum model for tuberculosis, angiogenesis was recently found to be important for the development of cellular aggregates called granulomas that contain the mycobacteria and are the hallmark of tuberculosis disease. Here, we found that initiation of the granuloma-associated proangiogenic programme requires CXCR4 signalling...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327640/compatibility-study-of-danggui-buxue-tang-on-chemical-ingredients-angiogenesis-and-endothelial-function
#17
Ping-Lan Lin, Zhi-Cheng Li, Rui-Fang Xie, You-Hua Wang, Xin Zhou
Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) is a classic Chinese herbal formula which consists of Astragali mongholici Radix and Angelica sinensis Radix (ASR). For chemical ingredients, HPLC were performed. Results showed compared with single herbs, DBT decoction could promote the dissolution of ingredients such as ferulic acid and calycosin. Furthermore, when ratio of AMR to ASR was 5 to 1, synthetic score was the best. For angiogenesis, normal and injured zebrafish model were applied. Results showed DBT and its ingredients had angiogenesis effects on Sub Intestinal vessels (SIVs) of normal zebrafish...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325782/aibp-limits-angiogenesis-through-%C3%AE-secretase-mediated-upregulation-of-notch-signaling
#18
Renfang Mao, Shu Meng, Qilin Gu, Raquel Araujo-Gutierrez, Sandeep Kumar, Qing Yan, Felicidad Almazan, Keith A Youker, Yingbin Fu, Henry J Pownall, John P Cooke, Yury I Miller, Longhou Fang
Rationale: Angiogenesis improves perfusion to the ischemic tissue following acute vascular obstruction. Angiogenesis in pathophysiological settings reactivates signaling pathways involved in developmental angiogenesis. We showed previously that apoA-I binding protein (AIBP)-regulated cholesterol efflux in endothelial cells (ECs) controls zebrafish embryonic angiogenesis. Objective: This study is to determine whether loss of AIBP affects angiogenesis in mice during development and under pathological conditions, and to explore the underlying molecular mechanism...
March 21, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323620/discovery-of-novel-determinants-of-endothelial-lineage-using-chimeric-heterokaryons
#19
Wing Tak Wong, Gianfranco Matrone, XiaoYu Tian, Simion Alin Tomoiaga, Kin Fai Au, Shu Meng, Sayumi Yamazoe, Daniel Sieveking, Kaifu Chen, David M Burns, James K Chen, Helen M Blau, John P Cooke
We wish to identify determinants of endothelial lineage. Murine embryonic stem cells (mESC) were fused with human endothelial cells in stable, non-dividing, heterokaryons. Using RNA-seq, it is possible to discriminate between human and mouse transcripts in these chimeric heterokaryons. We observed a temporal pattern of gene expression in the ESCs of the heterokaryons that recapitulated ontogeny, with early mesodermal factors being expressed before mature endothelial genes. A set of transcriptional factors not known to be involved in endothelial development was upregulated, one of which was POU class 3 homeobox 2 (Pou3f2)...
March 21, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300168/zebrafish-caudal-haematopoietic-embryonic-stromal-tissue-chest-cells-support-haematopoiesis
#20
Anja Wolf, Julian Aggio, Clyde Campbell, Francis Wright, Gabriel Marquez, David Traver, David L Stachura
Haematopoiesis is an essential process in early vertebrate development that occurs in different distinct spatial locations in the embryo that shift over time. These different sites have distinct functions: in some anatomical locations specific hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are generated de novo. In others, HSPCs expand. HSPCs differentiate and renew in other locations, ensuring homeostatic maintenance. These niches primarily control haematopoiesis through a combination of cell-to-cell signalling and cytokine secretion that elicit unique biological effects in progenitors...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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