keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aluminium plant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660621/analysis-and-modelling-of-powdered-activated-carbon-dosing-for-taste-and-odour-removal
#1
Edoardo Bertone, Carol Chang, Peta Thiel, Kelvin O'Halloran
A series of experiments were undertaken in order to understand and predict the dosage of powdered activated carbon required to remove taste and odour compounds in an Australian drinking water treatment plant. Competitive effects with organic matter removal by aluminium sulphate during coagulation were also quantified. Data on raw and finished water quality following jar tests, as well as chemical dosages and treatment performance, were statistically analysed, and a data-driven prediction model was developed...
April 10, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620430/-i-in-vitro-i-rhizobia-response-and-symbiosis-process-under-aluminum-stress
#2
Maria Daniela Artigas Ramirez, Jessica Danila Silva, Naoko Ohkama-Ohtsu, Tadashi Yokoyama
Aluminium (Al) toxicity is a major problem affecting soil fertility, microbial diversity, and nutrients uptake of plants. Rhizobia response and legume-interaction under Al conditions are still unknown and it is important to understand how to develop and improve legume cultivation under Al-stress. In this study, rhizobia-response was recorded under different Al-concentrations. Al-effect on rhizobial cells was characterized by combination with different two pH conditions. Symbiosis process was compared between α- and β-rhizobia inoculated onto soybean varieties...
April 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618628/aluminium-activated-malate-transporters-can-facilitate-gaba-transport
#3
Sunita A Ramesh, Muhammad Kamran, Wendy Sullivan, Larissa Chirkova, Mamoru Okamoto, Fien Degryse, Michael McLauchlin, Matthew Gilliham, Stephen D Tyerman
Plant aluminium-activated malate transporters (ALMTs) are currently classified as anion channels; they are also known to be regulated by diverse signals, leading to a range of physiological responses. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) regulation of anion flux through ALMT proteins requires a specific amino acid motif in ALMTs that shares similarity with a GABA-binding site in mammalian GABAA receptors. Here, we explore why TaALMT1-activation leads to a negative correlation between malate efflux and endogenous GABA concentrations ([GABA]i) in both wheat (Titicum aestivum L) root tips and in heterologous expression systems...
April 4, 2018: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548386/speciation-analysis-of-aluminium-in-plant-parts-of-betula-pendula-and-in-soil
#4
Anetta Zioła-Frankowska, Marcin Frankowski
The research presents the first results of aluminium speciation analysis in aqueous extracts of individual plant parts of Betula pendula and soil samples, using High Performance Ion Chromatography with Diode Array Detection (HPIC-DAD). The applied method allowed us to carry out a full speciation analysis of aluminium in the form of predominant aluminium-fluoride complexes: AlF(x=2,3,4) (3-x) (first analytical signal), AlF2+ (second analytical signal) and Al3+ (third analytical signal) in samples of lateral roots, tap roots, twigs, stem, leaf and soil collected under roots of B...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482138/characterization-of-halotolerant-pigmented-plant-growth-promoting-bacteria-of-groundnut-rhizosphere-and-its-in-vitro-evaluation-of-plant-microbe-protocooperation-to-withstand-salinity-and-metal-stress
#5
Avishek Banik, Pooja Pandya, Bhoomi Patel, Chirag Rathod, Maya Dangar
The use of plant associated, indigenous beneficial microbes for sustainable agriculture is getting worldwide acceptance as they successfully colonize at different plant niche under stress conditions to enhance the crop productivity. They also generate several plant growth regulators and protect plants from adversity like presence of salts and metals. In the present study, indigenous, halotolerant, plant growth promoting (PGP) bacterial isolates were isolated from the saline rhizospheric soil of groundnut plants aiming to investigate its in-vitro metal remediation capabilities under saline stress condition...
February 23, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475116/sources-and-fate-of-polycyclic-aromatic-compounds-pahs-oxygenated-pahs-and-azaarenes-in-forest-soil-profiles-opposite-of-an-aluminium-plant
#6
Benjamin A Musa Bandowe, Moritz Bigalke, Jozef Kobza, Wolfgang Wilcke
Little is known about oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OPAHs) and azaarenes (AZAs) in forest soils. We sampled all horizons of forest soils from five locations at increasing distances from an Al plant in Slovakia, and determined their polycyclic aromatic compound (PACs) concentrations. The ∑29PAHs concentrations were highest in the Oa and lowest in the Oi horizon, while the ∑14OPAHs and ∑4AZAs concentrations did not show a consistent vertical distribution among the organic horizons. The concentration ratios of PAHs and OPAHs between deeper O horizons and their overlying horizon (enrichment factors) were positively correlated with the octanol-water partition coefficients (KOW ) at several locations...
February 20, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415495/chromatographic-and-spectroscopic-identification-and-recognition-of-natural-dyes-uncommon-dyestuff-components-and-mordants-case-study-of-a-16th-century-carpet-with-chintamani-motifs
#7
Olga Otłowska, Marek Ślebioda, Agata Kot-Wasik, Jakub Karczewski, Magdalena Śliwka-Kaszyńska
A multi-tool analytical practice was used for the characterisation of a 16th century carpet manufactured in Cairo. A mild extraction method with hydrofluoric acid has been evaluated in order to isolate intact flavonoids and their glycosides, anthraquinones, tannins, and indigoids from fibre samples. High-performance liquid chromatography coupled to spectroscopic and mass spectrometric detectors was used for the identification of possible marker compounds with special attention paid to natural dyes present in the historical samples...
February 6, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408763/multiple-pharmacological-activities-of-caesalpinia-crista-against-aluminium-induced-neurodegeneration-in-rats-relevance-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Sunil K Ravi, Balenahalli Narasingappa Ramesh, Ravi Mundugaru, Bruno Vincent
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and mainly affects cognitive function of the aged populations. Aluminium, a neurotoxic metal, has been suggested as a contributing factor of AD. Caesalpinia crista is a medicinal plant known for its anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. The present study was conducted in order to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of methanolic extracts of C. crista (MECC) on aluminium-induced neurodegeneration in rats. Co-administration with MECC significantly and dose dependently ameliorated the aluminium-dependent cognitive impairment, AChE hyperactivity and oxidative stress in the hippocampus and in the frontal cortex of rat brain...
March 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323145/xyloglucan-fucosylation-modulates-arabidopsis-cell-wall-hemicellulose-aluminium-binding-capacity
#9
Jiang-Xue Wan, Xiao-Fang Zhu, Yu-Qi Wang, Lin-Yu Liu, Bao-Cai Zhang, Gui-Xin Li, Yi-Hua Zhou, Shao-Jian Zheng
Although xyloglucan (XyG) is reported to bind Aluminium (Al), the influence of XyG fucosylation on the cell wall Al binding capacity and plant Al stress responses is unclear. We show that Arabidopsis T-DNA insertion mutants with reduced AXY3 (XYLOSIDASE1) function and consequent reduced levels of fucosylated XyG are more sensitive to Al than wild-type Col-0 (WT). In contrast, T-DNA insertion mutants with reduced AXY8 (FUC95A) function and consequent increased levels of fucosylated XyG are more Al resistant...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302302/neutral-molecular-markers-support-common-origin-of-aluminium-tolerance-in-three-congeneric-grass-species-growing-in-acidic-soils
#10
Roberto Contreras, Ana M Figueiras, F Javier Gallego, Elena Benavente, Antonio J Manzaneda, César Benito
Aluminium (Al) toxicity is the main abiotic stress limiting plant productivity in acidic soils that are widely distributed among arable lands. Plant species differ in the level of Al resistance showing intraspecific and interspecific variation in many crop species. However, the origin of Al-tolerance is not well known. Three annual species, difficult to distinguish phenotypically and that were until recently misinterpreted as a single complex species under Brachypodium distachyon , have been recently separated into three distinct species: the diploids B...
November 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300825/the-arabidopsis-thaliana-non-specific-phospholipase-c2-is-involved-in-the-response-to-pseudomonas-syringae-attack
#11
Zuzana Krcková, Daniela Kocourková, Michal Danek, Jitka Brouzdová, Premysl Pejchar, Martin Janda, Igor Pokotylo, Peter G Ott, Olga Valentová, Jan Martinec
Background and Aims: The non-specific phospholipase C (NPC) is a new member of the plant phospholipase family that reacts to abiotic environmental stresses, such as phosphate deficiency, high salinity, heat and aluminium toxicity, and is involved in root development, silicon distribution and brassinolide signalling. Six NPC genes (NPC1-NPC6) are found in the Arabidopsis genome. The NPC2 isoform has not been experimentally characterized so far. Methods: The Arabidopsis NPC2 isoform was cloned and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli...
February 12, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239784/new-perspectives-for-natural-triterpene-glycosides-as-potential-adjuvants
#12
Marie-Aleth Lacaille-Dubois, Hildebert Wagner
BACKGROUND: Triterpene glycosides are a vast group of secondary metabolites widely distributed in plants including a high number of biologically active compounds. The pharmacological potential is evaluated by using many bioassays particularly in the field of cancerology, immunology, and microbiology. The adjuvant concept is well known for these molecules in vaccines, but there is little preclinical evidence to support this concept in the management of cancer, infections and inflammation...
November 7, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168701/wastewater-pond-systems-using-chemical-precipitation-fellings-dams-state-of-the-art-in-sweden
#13
J Hanaeus, Å Hanaeus
Chemical precipitation in wastewater stabilization ponds - in Scandinavia called fellings dams - has been in operation for more than 50 years. Slaked lime and aluminium salts are the most common chemicals used for precipitation. Long and narrow forms of the ponds and a detention time of at least 5 days have shown, even at a low water temperature and below an ice cover, to produce an average effluent quality of 70 mg CODCr /l, 0.2 mg Tot-P/l, 20 mg Tot-N/l (CODCr: chemical oxygen demand; Tot-P: total phosphorus; Tot-N: total nitrogen) and low levels of pathogenic bacteria...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150325/ilex-paraguariensis-potential-antioxidant-on-aluminium-toxicity-in-an-experimental-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Pâmela M Bortoli, Carla Alves, Eduarda Costa, Ana Paula Vanin, Jéssica R Sofiatti, Diego P Siqueira, Rogério M Dallago, Helen Treichel, Gean Delise L P Vargas, Rosilene R Kaizer
Ilex paraguariensis, yerba mate is a native plant from the southern region of Brazil. Studies showed that yerba mate has an antioxidant potential, which could help to reduce the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases, as Alzheimer's Disease (AD). It's known that I. paraguariensis grows in acid soils with aluminium (Al), which is bioavailable in these soils. Al has a neurotoxic potential related with the progression of neurological disorders. This study aim was to evaluate the potential of I. paraguariensis in the etiology of AD using strains of Caenorhabditis elegans and the concentration of Al and antioxidants in the yerba mate extract...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133104/imparting-functionality-viz-color-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-properties-to-develop-multifunctional-wool-with-tectona-grandis-leaves-extract-using-reflectance-spectroscopy
#15
Shahid-Ul-Islam, Shahnawaz Ahmad Wani, Faqeer Mohammad
In recent years, considerable attention has been given to plant colorants for use in dyeing applications because of their newly discovered properties such as insect repellency, deodorizing, antioxidant, sun protection, and antibacterial activity. In view of their better biocompatibility, biodegradability, less-toxicity, natural colorants are gaining worldwide interest for producing elegant hues and highly functional value-added textiles. In the present work, we investigated the coloring and functional finishing of wool with Tectona grandis L leaves extract with the emphasis on effect of metallic salt mordants on colorimetric potential, fastness, radical scavenging potential, and antibacterial activity in an attempt to develop bioactive fibres for use in health care applications...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101278/altered-expression-of-a-malate-permeable-anion-channel-osalmt4-disrupts-mineral-nutrition
#16
Jie Liu, Meixue Zhou, Emmanuel Delhaize, Peter R Ryan
Aluminum-activated malate transporters (ALMTs) form a family of anion channels in plants, but little is known about most of its members. This study examined the function of OsALMT4 from rice ( Oryza sativa ). We show that OsALMT4 is expressed in roots and shoots and that the OsALMT4 protein localizes to the plasma membrane. Transgenic rice lines overexpressing (OX) OsALMT4 released malate from the roots constitutively and had 2-fold higher malate concentrations in the xylem sap than nulls, indicating greater concentrations of malate in the apoplast...
December 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045801/plant-growth-promoting-rhizobacteria-bacillus-subtilis-rr4-isolated-from-rice-rhizosphere-induces-malic-acid-biosynthesis-in-rice-roots
#17
Kandaswamy Rekha, Baburaj Baskar, Santhanam Srinath, Balasundaram Usha
Malic acid (MA), one of the major organic acid exudates from roots, plays a significant role in the chemotaxis of beneficial bacteria to the plant's rhizosphere. In this study, the effect of a plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterium, Bacillus subtilis RR4, on the synthesis and exudation of MA from roots is demonstrated in rice. To test the chemotactic ability of strain RR4 towards MA, a capillary chemotaxis assay was performed, which revealed a positive response (relative chemotactic ratio of 6.15 with 10 μmol/L MA); with increasing concentrations of MA, an elevated chemotactic response was observed...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038478/herbivores-increase-the-global-availability-of-nutrients-over-millions-of-years
#18
Christopher E Doughty
Can the presence of herbivores increase global nutrient availability? Animals disperse vital nutrients through ecosystems, increasing the spatial availability of these nutrients. Large herbivores are especially important for the dispersal of vital nutrients due to their long food passage times and day ranges, and large herbivores from past periods (the Pleistocene) may have increased nutrient concentrations on the continental scale. However, such results have been demonstrated theoretically but not yet empirically...
October 16, 2017: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994596/16s-rrna-gene-amplicon-sequencing-reveals-significant-changes-in-microbial-compositions-during-cyanobacteria-laden-drinking-water-sludge-storage
#19
Haiyan Pei, Hangzhou Xu, Jingjing Wang, Yan Jin, Hongdi Xiao, Chunxia Ma, Jiongming Sun, Hongmin Li
This is the first study to systematically investigate the microbial community structure in cyanobacteria-laden drinking water sludge generated by different types of coagulants (including AlCl3, FeCl3, and polymeric aluminum ferric chloride (PAFC)) using Illumina 16S rRNA gene MiSeq sequencing. Results show that Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia, and Planctomycetes were the most dominant phyla in sludge, and because of the toxicity of high Al and Fe level in AlCl3 and FeCl3 sludges, respectively, the PAFC sludge exhibited greater microbial richness than that in AlCl3 and FeCl3 sludges...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968214/effect-of-microbial-inoculation-in-combating-the-aluminium-toxicity-effect-on-growth-of-zea-mays
#20
P Arora, G Singh, A Tiwari
The present study is aimed at improving the aluminium tolerance in maize crop employing the potential of microbial inoculants in conferring resistance to these toxicities via production of certain chelating compounds like siderophores, exopolysachharides and organic acids. Acid soils have now-a-days become one of the key factors for limiting growth of many agriculturally important crops. Aluminium  is one of the major elements present in acid soils and is mainly responsible for toxicity in the soil. This aluminium is rapidly soluble in soil water and hence absorbed by plant roots under conditions where soil pH is below 5...
July 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
114320
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"