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Pp2a lupus

Amir Sharabi, Isaac R Kasper, George C Tsokos
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is the first serine/threonine phosphatase recognized to contribute to human and murine lupus immunopathology. PP2A expression in SLE is controlled both epigenetically and genetically, and it is increased in patients with SLE, which contributes to decreased IL-2 production, decreased CD3ζ and increased FcRγ expression on the surface of T cells, increased CREMα expression, hypomethylation of genes associated with SLE pathogenesis, and increased IL-17 production. β regulatory subunit of PP2A regulates IL-2 deprivation-induced T cell death and is decreased in SLE patients...
January 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Q Guo, X Y Chen, Y Su
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic systemic autoimmune disease, which characterized by complex immunological abnormalities and multiple tissue and organ damages. The etiology and pathogenesis of SLE have not been entirely recognized. Genetic, environmental and viral infections and other factors might be related to the pathogenetic mechanisms of SLE. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a critical cytokine produced by T cells upon activation and is important for the generation of T regulatory cells and activation-induced cell death...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Qingyu Zeng, Hai Zhang, Jiamin Qin, Zhigang Xu, Lin Gui, Beibei Liu, Chunxiao Liu, Chong Xu, Wen Liu, Shuangquan Zhang, Shile Huang, Long Chen
B-cell activating factor (BAFF) is involved in not only physiology of normal B cells, but also pathophysiology of aggressive B cells related to malignant and autoimmune diseases. Rapamycin, a lipophilic macrolide antibiotic, has recently shown to be effective in the treatment of human lupus erythematosus. However, how rapamycin inhibits BAFF-stimulated B-cell proliferation and survival has not been fully elucidated. Here, we show that rapamycin inhibited human soluble BAFF (hsBAFF)-induced cell proliferation and survival in normal and B-lymphoid (Raji and Daudi) cells by activation of PP2A and inactivation of Erk1/2...
December 2015: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Y A Lashine, S Salah, H R Aboelenein, A I Abdelaziz
MicroRNA-155 is involved in immune cell, differentiation, maturation and function. MiR-155 showed variable dysregulated expression in autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. MiR-155 was previously confirmed to directly target CAMP response element binding protein (CREB), which was previously identified as a positive regulator of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). PP2A is a key negative regulator of interleukin-2, which is an important immune modulator and was previously shown to be decreased in SLE...
March 2015: Lupus
Kamalpreet Nagpal, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Betty P Tsao, George C Tsokos
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a highly conserved and ubiquitous serine/threonine phosphatase. We have shown previously that PP2A expression is increased in T cells of systemic lupus erythematosus patients and that this increased expression and activity of PP2A plays a central role in the molecular pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. Although the control of PP2A expression has been the focus of many studies, many aspects of its regulation still remain poorly understood. In this study, we describe a novel mechanism of PP2A regulation...
May 16, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Alexandros P Grammatikos, Debjani Ghosh, Amy Devlin, Vasileios C Kyttaris, George C Tsokos
Engagement of the CD3/T cell receptor complex in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) T cells involves Syk rather than the zeta-associated protein. Because Syk is being considered as a therapeutic target we asked whether Syk is central to the multiple aberrantly modulated molecules in SLE T cells. Using a gene expression array, we demonstrate that forced expression of Syk in normal T cells reproduces most of the aberrantly expressed molecules whereas silencing of Syk in SLE T cells normalizes the expression of most abnormally expressed molecules...
2013: PloS One
Sokratis A Apostolidis, Thomas Rauen, Christian M Hedrich, George C Tsokos, José C Crispín
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a heterotrimeric serine/threonine phosphatase involved in essential cellular functions. T cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) express high levels of the catalytic subunit of PP2A (PP2Ac). A mouse overexpressing PP2Ac in T cells develops glomerulonephritis in an IL-17-dependent manner. Here, using microarray analyses, we demonstrate that increased expression of PP2Ac grants T cells the capacity to produce an array of proinflammatory effector molecules...
September 13, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Katsue Sunahori, Kamalpreet Nagpal, Christian M Hedrich, Masayuki Mizui, Lisa M Fitzgerald, George C Tsokos
DNA hypomethylation is a characteristic feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) immune cells. Numerous reports have implicated the involvement of the MEK/ERK pathway in the reduction of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) expression, hence inducing the transcription of methylation-sensitive genes in SLE patients. However, the molecular mechanisms involved remain unclear. Here, we investigated whether the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac), which is overexpressed in SLE T-cells, contributes to reduced DNA methylation...
July 26, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
José C Crispín, Christian M Hedrich, George C Tsokos
The aetiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is complex and is known to involve both genetic and environmental factors. In a small number of patients, single-gene defects can lead to the development of SLE. Such genes include those encoding early components of the complement cascade and the 3'-5' DNA exonuclease TREX1. In addition, genome-wide association studies have identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms that confer some susceptibility to SLE. In this Review, we discuss selected examples of genes whose products have distinctly altered function in SLE and contribute to the pathogenic process...
August 2013: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
José C Crispín, Sokratis A Apostolidis, Florencia Rosetti, Marton Keszei, Ninghai Wang, Cox Terhorst, Tanya N Mayadas, George C Tsokos
The contribution of individual molecular aberrations to the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disease that affects multiple organs, is often difficult to evaluate because of the presence of abundant confounding factors. To assess the effect of increased expression of the phosphatase protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in T cells, as recorded in SLE patients, we generated a transgenic mouse that overexpresses the PP2Ac subunit in T cells. The transgenic mouse displays a heightened susceptibility to immune-mediated glomerulonephritis in the absence of other immune defects...
April 15, 2012: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
José C Crispín, Sokratis A Apostolidis, Melissa I Finnell, George C Tsokos
The activity and substrate specificity of the ubiquitously expressed phosphatase PP2A is determined by the type of regulatory (B) subunit that couples to the catalytic/scaffold core of the enzyme. We determined that the Bβ subunit (PPP2R2B) is expressed in resting T cells, its transcription is down-regulated during T-cell activation, and up-regulated in conditions of low IL-2. Specifically, high levels of PP2A Bβ were produced during IL-2 deprivation-induced apoptosis, whereas Fas ligation had no effect. Forced expression of the Bβ subunit in primary human T cells was sufficient to induce apoptosis, whereas silencing using siRNA protected activated T cells from IL-2 withdrawal-induced cell death...
July 26, 2011: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Diana Gómez-Martín, Mariana Díaz-Zamudio, José Carlos Crispín, Jorge Alcocer-Varela
IL-2 plays a key role in setting the balance between immunity and tolerance. This cytokine has a dual role as the regulator of the two main phases of the immune response (proliferative and suppressive). Likewise, activation induced cell death and the induction and maintenance of regulatory T cells are the tolerance mechanisms regulated by IL-2, which convey the link between IL-2 abnormalities and the development of autoimmune disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Particularly, in SLE murine models and in humans, deficiency in IL-2 synthesis and activity has been proven...
September 2009: Autoimmunity Reviews
Katsue Sunahori, Yuang-Taung Juang, George C Tsokos
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a major serine/threonine protein phosphatase in eukaryotic cells and is involved in many essential aspects of cell function. The catalytic subunit of the enzyme (PP2Ac), a part of the core enzyme, has two isoforms, alpha (PP2Ac alpha) and beta (PP2Ac beta), of which PP2Ac alpha is the major form expressed in vivo. Deregulation of PP2A expression has been linked to several diseases, but the mechanisms that control the expression of this enzyme are still unclear. We conducted experiments to decipher molecular mechanisms involved in the regulation of the PP2Ac alpha promoter in human primary T cells...
February 1, 2009: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Yuang-Taung Juang, Ying Wang, Guisen Jiang, Hai-Bin Peng, Sukran Ergin, Michelle Finnell, Abigail Magilavy, Vasileios C Kyttaris, George C Tsokos
T cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus are characterized by decreased expression of CD3zeta-chain and increased expression of FcRgamma-chain, which becomes part of the CD3 complex and contributes to aberrant signaling. Elf-1 enhances the expression of CD3zeta, whereas it suppresses the expression of FcRgamma gene and lupus T cells have decreased amounts of DNA-binding 98 kDa form of Elf-1. We show that the aberrantly increased PP2A in lupus T cells dephosphorylates Elf-1 at Thr-231. Dephosphorylation results in limited expression and binding of the 98 kDa Elf-1 form to the CD3zeta and FcRgamma promoters...
September 1, 2008: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Christina G Katsiari, Vasileios C Kyttaris, Yuang-Taung Juang, George C Tsokos
Decreased IL-2 production in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) represents a central component of the disease immunopathology. We report that the message, protein, and enzymatic activity of the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac), but not PP1, are increased in patients with SLE regardless of disease activity and treatment and in a disease-specific manner. Treatment of SLE T cells with PP2Ac-siRNA decreased the protein levels and activity of PP2Ac in a specific manner and increased the levels of phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein and its binding to the IL2 and c-fos promoters, as well as increased activator protein 1 activity, causing normalization of IL-2 production...
November 2005: Journal of Clinical Investigation
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