keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aorta artery disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909273/-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-using-bilateral-in-situ-internal-thoracic-arteries
#1
Akihiko Yamauchi, Masaki Tabuchi, Shinya Terada, Keita Kikuchi
A 73-year-old male with diabetes mellitius was referred to our hospital for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Preoperative coronary angiography revealed three-vessel coronary disease. Minimally invasive coronary artery grafting (MICS CABG) via left thoracotomy was selected to decrease surgical site infection due to severe diabetes. In situ bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITA) were harvested using a long type Harmonic scalpel. In situ right internal thorac artery( RITA)-left anterior descending artery (LAD), in situ left internal thorac artery( LITA)-high lateral branch (HL), and aorta-saphenous vein graft (SVG)-#4 posterior descending artery were performed...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908824/arteriographic-patterns-of-atherosclerosis-and-the-association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-ethnicity-in-chronic-critical-limb-ischemia
#2
Jayer Chung, J Gregory Modrall, Martyn Knowles, Qun Xiang, Lawrence A Lavery, Carlos H Timaran, R James Valentine
BACKGROUND: Disparate outcomes in critical limb ischemia (CLI) persist between ethnicities. The contribution of modifiable factors versus intrinsic biologic differences remains unclear. Hence, we aimed to quantify the associations between ethnicity and anatomic patterns of arterial occlusive disease in CLI, adjusting for known atherosclerotic risk factors. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, single-center review of consecutive patients presenting to the vascular surgery service with CLI...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908818/ascending-aorta-to-hepatic-and-mesenteric-artery-bypassing-in-patients-with-chronic-mesenteric-ischaemia-and-extensive-aortic-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
James Barr, John Kokotsakis, Pantelis Tsipas, Prodromos Papapavlou, Konstantinos Velissarios, Theodoros Kratimenos, Thanos Athanasiou
Chronic mesenteric ischaemia (CMI) is a rare disorder caused by severe stenosis of the mesenteric arterial supply that results in post prandial pain and weight loss. Treatment options are surgical or endovascular. Surgical bypass can be performed in an antegrade fashion from the supracoeliac abdominal aorta or the distal descending thoracic aorta or in a retrograde fashion from the infra-renal aorta or the common iliac artery. However in some patients with disease of the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) or the abdominal aorta (AA) another site for the proximal anastomosis needs to be found...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905124/assessment-of-early-atherosclerosis-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-children-with-21-hydroxylase-deficiency
#4
Rahmi Özdemir, Hüseyin Anil Korkmaz, Mehmet Küçük, Cem Karadeniz, Timur Meşe, Behzat Özkan
AIM: We analysed 25 children with 21-hydroxylase deficiency who received glucocorticoid and/or mineralocorticoid treatment for at least 12 months to determine the effects of the disease and its treatment on vascular structures and ventricular function. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with 21-hydroxylase-deficient congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and 25 control subjects were enrolled into this observational, cross-sectional study. The patients were investigated in terms of fasting blood glucose and insulin; fasting serum lipid profile; serum 17-hydroxyprogesterone; dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate; androstenedione; and adrenocorticotropic hormone...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904846/complete-congenital-heart-block-in-a-neonate-with-a-complex-congenital-heart-defect-in-africa
#5
Clovis Nkoke, Edvine Yonta Wawo, Liliane Kuate Mfeukeu, Larissa Makamte, Sandrine Dikosso Edie, Flore Esiene Balana
Congenital heart block (CHB) is rare disorder that has a higher mortality when associated with structural congenital heart defects. Very few cases have been reported in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We present a case of complete CHB associated with a complex congenital heart defect in a neonate in Cameroon. A 1-month-old neonate in Cameroon was referred for the evaluation of bradycardia. The obstetrical ultrasound done during pregnancy revealed fetal bradycardia without further evaluation. Clinical examination showed well a developed neonate with bradycardia at 62 beats/minute, and mild cyanosis with oxygen saturation at 93% at room air...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903540/greater-volume-but-not-higher-density-of-abdominal-aortic-calcium-is-associated-with-increased-cardiovascular-disease-risk-mesa-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#6
Nketi I Forbang, Erin D Michos, Robyn L McClelland, Rosemay A Remigio-Baker, Matthew A Allison, Veit Sandfort, Joachim H Ix, Isac Thomas, Dena E Rifkin, Michael H Criqui
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic calcium (AAC) and coronary artery calcium (CAC) independently and similarly predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. The standard AAC and CAC score, the Agatston method, upweights for greater calcium density, thereby modeling higher calcium density as a CVD hazard. METHODS AND RESULTS: Computed tomography scans were used to measure AAC and CAC volume and density in a multiethnic cohort of community-dwelling individuals, and Cox proportional hazard was used to determine their independent association with incident coronary heart disease (CHD, defined as myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, or CHD death), cardiovascular disease (CVD, defined as CHD plus stroke and stroke death), and all-cause mortality...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897258/lack-of-fibronectin-extra-domain-a-alternative-splicing-exacerbates-endothelial-dysfunction-in-diabetes
#7
Gianluca Gortan Cappellari, Rocco Barazzoni, Luigi Cattin, Andrés F Muro, Michela Zanetti
Glucose-induced changes of artery anatomy and function account for diabetic vascular complications, which heavily impact disease morbidity and mortality. Since fibronectin containing extra domain A (EDA + FN) is increased in diabetic vessels and participates to vascular remodeling, we wanted to elucidate whether and how EDA + FN is implicated in diabetes-induced endothelial dysfunction using isometric-tension recording in a murine model of diabetes. In thoracic aortas of EDA(-/-), EDA(+/+) (constitutively lacking and expressing EDA + FN respectively), and of wild-type mice (EDA(wt/wt)), streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes impaired endothelial vasodilation to acetylcholine, irrespective of genotype...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891422/panvascular-disease-in-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-treated-with-endovascular-simultaneous-bilateral-carotid-stenting
#8
Anand Alurkar, Lakshmi Sudha Prasanna Karanam, Shripal Shah, Pandurang Mare
Familial Hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a monogenic autosomal dominant disorder affecting 1 in 500 individuals. We report a case of 32-year-old female with FH, previously not on any treatment, who presented with recurrent bilateral Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) territory strokes and dyspnoea on exertion due to severe panvascualar disease involving descending aorta, innominate, subclavian, common carotid, internal carotid and coronary vessels. Her complete clinical work up was done and was started on lipid lowering drug treatment and low calorie diet...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890849/hybrid-treatment-of-a-suprarenal-aortic-aneurysm-with-an-infrarenal-aorto-bifemoral-surgical-graft-and-a-fenestrated-stent-graft
#9
Sebastian Nagel, Athanasios Katsargyris, Kyriakos Oikonomou, Eric L G Verhoeven
PURPOSE: To report a hybrid technique for the treatment of a suprarenal aortic aneurysm (SAA) in a patient with iliac occlusive disease. Initially an infrarenal aorto-bifemoral surgical graft was implanted, followed by deployment of a fenestrated bifurcated stent-graft at the suprarenal part of the aorta. CASE REPORT: A 69-year old man presented with a 51-mm saccular SAA and iliac occlusive disease with intermittent claudication. Both common iliac arteries had been previously treated with kissing stents...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889505/candesartan-ameliorates-arsenic-induced-hypertensive-vascular-remodeling-by-regularizing-angiotensin-ii-and-tgf-beta-signaling-in-rats
#10
Maibam Wanta Khuman, Sankaran Kutty Harikumar, Abdul Sadam, Manickam Kesavan, Vattaparambil Sukumaran Susanth, Subhashree Parida, Karam Pal Singh, Souvendra Nath Sarkar
Arsenic exposure can cause several cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, atherosclerosis and microvascular disease. Earlier, we reported that arsenic-mediated enhancement of angiotensin II (AngII) signaling can impair vascular physiology. Here, we investigated whether the AT1 receptor (AT1R) blocker candesartan can ameliorate the arsenic-induced hypertensive vascular remodeling in rats and whether the amelioration could relate to attenuation in vascular AngII and TGF-β signaling. Rats were exposed to sodium arsenite (50ppm) through drinking water for 90 consecutive days...
November 23, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881809/situs-inversus-totalis-single-stage-anatomic-repair-of-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Andrew C Chatzis, Alexandros J Tsoutsinos, Meletios A Kanakis, Constantinos A Contrafouris, Spyros Rammos, Fotios A Mitropoulos
Transposition of the great arteries occurs rarely in patients with mirror image dextrocardia and situs inversus, while the combination with severe coarctation of the descending aorta (CoA) makes the anatomy even more unusual. Therefore, it is not surprising that a case with such unusual and complicated anatomy presents unique problems when a primary definitive correction is attempted. We report a patient with situs inversus totalis and complex congenital heart disease including transposition of the great arteries and severe CoA who underwent successful complete, single-stage, anatomic correction...
November 23, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880884/anti-atherosclerosis-and-cardio-protective-effects-of-the-angong-niuhuang-pill-on-a-high-fat-and-vitamin-d3-induced-rodent-model-of-atherosclerosis
#12
Wen-Juan Fu, Ting Lei, Zhen Yin, Jian-Hao Pan, Yu-Shuang Chai, Xiao-Yun Xu, Yi-Xi Yan, Zhi-Hua Wang, Jian Ke, Gang Wu, Ren-He Xu, Manish Paranjpe, Lintao Qu, Hong Nie
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Angong Niuhuang Pill (ANP) is a well known Chinese traditional therapeutic for the treatment for diseases affecting the Central Nervous System (CNS). Components of the ANP formulation, including Bovis Calculus Sativus, Pulvis Bubali Comus Concentratus, Moschus, Margarita, Cinnabaris, Realgar, Coptidis Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, Gardeniae Fructus, Curcumae Radix, and Bomeolum Syntheticum, have been used for the treatment of stroke, encephalitis and emergency meningitis across Asia, especially in China for hundreds of years...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878504/intra-and-inter-reader-reproducibility-of-blood-flow-measurements-on-the-ascending-aorta-and-pulmonary-artery-using-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#13
Giovanni Di Leo, Ida Daniela D'Angelo, Marco Alì, Paola Maria Cannaò, Giovanni Mauri, Francesco Secchi, Francesco Sardanelli
The aim of our study was to estimate the intra- and inter-reader reproducibility of blood flow measurements in the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and a semi-automated segmentation method. The ethics committee approved this retrospective study. A total of 50 consecutive patients (35 males and 15 females; mean age±standard deviation 27±13 years) affected by congenital heart disease were reviewed. They underwent CMR for flow analysis of the ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery (1...
November 22, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875740/conditional-knockout-of-tfpi-1-in-vsmcs-of-mice-accelerates-atherosclerosis-by-enhancing-amot-yap-pathway
#14
Jiajun Xiao, Kaiyue Jin, Jiping Wang, Jing Ma, Jin Zhang, Nan Jiang, Huijun Wang, Xinping Luo, Jian Fei, Zhugang Wang, Xiao Yang, Duan Ma
BACKGROUND: Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-1 (TFPI-1) has multiple functions and its precise role and molecular mechanism during the development of atherosclerosis are not clear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect and molecular mechanism of TFPI-1 deficiency in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in atherosclerosis in the apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mouse. METHODS AND RESULTS: A mouse model with a conditional knockout of TFPI-1 in VSMCs in an atherosclerosis-prone background (ApoE(-/-)) was generated...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873227/the-relationship-between-aortic-root-size-and-hypertension-an-unsolved-conundrum
#15
Giuseppe Mulè, Emilio Nardi, Massimiliano Morreale, Antonella Castiglia, Giulio Geraci, Dario Altieri, Valentina Cacciatore, Margherita Schillaci, Francesco Vaccaro, Santina Cottone
Thoracic aortic aneurysms rupture and dissection are among the most devastating vascular diseases, being characterized by elevated mortality, despite improvements in diagnostic imaging and surgical techniques.An increased aortic root diameter (ARD) represents the main risk factor for thoracic aortic dissection and rupture and for aortic valve regurgitation.Even though arterial hypertension is commonly regarded as a predisposing condition for the development of thoracic aorta aneurysms, the role of blood pressure (BP) as determinant of aortic root enlargement is still controversial...
November 22, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866675/hemodynamics-of-patient-specific-aorta-pulmonary-shunt-configurations
#16
Senol Piskin, H Firat Altin, Okan Yildiz, Ihsan Bakir, Kerem Pekkan
Optimal hemodynamics in aorta-pulmonary shunt reconstruction is essential for improved post-operative recovery of the newborn congenital heart disease patient. However, prior to in vivo execution, the prediction of post-operative hemodynamics is extremely challenging due to the interplay of multiple confounding physiological factors. It is hypothesized that the post-operative performance of the surgical shunt can be predicted through computational blood flow simulations that consider patient size, shunt configuration, cardiac output and the complex three-dimensional disease anatomy...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866570/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-peripheral-arterial-vascular-disease
#17
Holger Lawall, Peter Huppert, Christine Espinola-Klein, Gerhard Rümenapf
BACKGROUND: In peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD), arterial stenosis or occlusion impairs perfusion in the territory of the distal portion of the aorta and the iliac and leg arteries. In Germany, the prevalence of PAOD rises with age, reaching 20% among persons over age 70. METHODS: This guideline was prepared by a collaboration of 22 medical specialty societies and two patient self-help organizations on the basis of pertinent publications that were retrieved by a systematic search in PubMed for articles that appeared from 2008 to April 2014, with a subsequent update to May 2015...
October 28, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863377/variable-patterns-of-ectopic-mineralization-in-enpp1asj-2j-mice-a-model-for-generalized-arterial-calcification-of-infancy
#18
Sarah Y Siu, Nathaniel A Dyment, David W Rowe, John P Sundberg, Jouni Uitto, Qiaoli Li
Generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early onset of extensive mineralization of the cardiovascular system. The classical forms of GACI are caused by mutations in the ENPP1 gene, encoding a membrane-bound pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase that hydrolyzes ATP to AMP and inorganic pyrophosphate. The asj-2J mouse harboring a spontaneous mutation in the Enpp1 gene has been characterized as a model for GACI. These mutant mice develop ectopic mineralization in skin and vascular connective tissues as well as in cartilage and collagen-rich tendons and ligaments...
November 14, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861582/associations-between-a-genetic-risk-score-for-clinical-cad-and-early-stage-lesions-in-the-coronary-artery-and-the-aorta
#19
Elias L Salfati, David M Herrington, Themistocles L Assimes
OBJECTIVE: The correlation between the extent of fatty streaks, more advanced atherosclerotic lesions, and community rates of coronary artery disease (CAD) is substantially higher for the coronary artery compared to the aorta. We sought to determine whether a genetic basis contributes to these differences. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We conducted a cluster analysis of 6 subclinical atherosclerosis phenotypes documented in 564 white participants of the Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth study including the extent of fatty streaks and raised lesions in the coronary artery (CF and CR), thoracic aorta (TF and TR), and abdominal aorta (AF and AR) followed by a genetic association analysis of the same phenotypes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861423/influence-of-iabp-induced-abdominal-occlusions-on-aortic-hemodynamics-a-patient-specific-computational-evaluation
#20
Maria Vittoria Caruso, Attilio Renzuli, Gionata Fragomeni
Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is used as temporary mechanical assistance in case of cardiovascular diseases, even if different hemodynamic problems and, so, clinical complications may happen, such as the decrease of visceral perfusion. A computational fluid dynamic (CFD) study was carried out in order to investigate the effects of different IABP-induced abdominal occlusions on patient-specific aortic flow. Two possible sizes (25 cm3 and 34 cm3) and two locations (2 cm and 3 cm) of the balloon were compared, modelling four abdominal occlusions and numerically reproducing IAB inflation/deflation behaviour...
November 16, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
keyword
keyword
114310
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"