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psoriasis cardiovascular event

Richard B Warren, Ulrich Mrowietz, Ralph von Kiedrowski, Johannes Niesmann, Dagmar Wilsmann-Theis, Kamran Ghoreschi, Ina Zschocke, Thomas M Falk, Norbert Blödorn-Schlicht, Kristian Reich
BACKGROUND: Methotrexate is one of the most commonly used systemic drugs for the treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis; however, high-quality evidence for its use is sparse and limited to use of oral dosing. We aimed to assess the effect of an intensified dosing schedule of subcutaneous methotrexate in patients with moderate to severe plaque-type psoriasis. METHODS: We did this prospective, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial (METOP) at 16 sites in Germany, France, the Netherlands, and the UK...
December 21, 2016: Lancet
Evangelia Papadavid, Konstantina Diamanti, Aris Spathis, Maria Varoudi, Ioanna Andreadou, Kostas Gravanis, Kostas Theodoropoulos, Petros Karakitsos, John Lekakis, Dimitrios Rigopoulos, Ignatios Ikonomidis
AIM: To evaluate platelet activation markers in psoriasis patients, compared to controls, and investigate their association with the inflammatory burden of psoriasis. METHODS: Forty psoriatic patients without cardiovascular disease, and 12 healthy controls were subjected to measurement of baseline platelet CD62P, CD63 and CD42b expression, platelet-leukocyte complexes, i.e., platelet-monocyte complexes (PMC), platelet-neutrophil complexes (PNC) and platelet-lymphocyte complexes, and concentrations of platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) using flow cytometry...
November 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
Jashin J Wu, Annie Guérin, Murali Sundaram, Katherine Dea, Martin Cloutier, Parvez Mulani
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To compare major cardiovascular event risk in psoriasis patients receiving methotrexate or tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi) and to assess TNFi treatment duration impact on major cardiovascular event risk. METHODS: Adult psoriasis patients with ≥2 TNFi or methotrexate prescriptions in the Truven MarketScan Databases (Q1 2000-Q3 2011) were classified as TNFi or methotrexate users...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Bruce Strober, Craig Leonardi, Kim A Papp, Ulrich Mrowietz, Mamitaro Ohtsuki, Robert Bissonnette, Laura K Ferris, Carle Paul, Mark Lebwohl, Daniel K Braun, Lotus Mallbris, Stefan Wilhelm, Wen Xu, Anders Ljungberg, Nayan Acharya, Kristian Reich
BACKGROUND: Safety of biologics is important when treating patients with psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the safety of ixekizumab in psoriasis. METHODS: Integrated safety data are presented from a 12-week induction period, a 12- to 60-week maintenance period, and from all ixekizumab-treated patients from 7 clinical trials. Exposure-adjusted incidence rates (IRs) per 100 patient-years are reported. RESULTS: Overall, 4209 patients received ixekizumab (total exposure: 6480 patient-years)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
S Paul Starr
Biologics are substances made from a living organism or its products. These include genes, proteins (eg, antibodies, receptors, enzymes, inhibitors), recombinant proteins, and fusion proteins. Biologics often are produced using recombinant DNA technology. For example, monoclonal antibodies are produced by inserting human genes into immortalized cell cultures, which then produce the gene product (ie, an antibody) in large quantity. Another approach is to fuse genetic material from nonhuman sources (eg, mice) with human genetic material...
November 2016: FP Essentials
Maroula G Kokotou, Dimitris Limnios, Aikaterini Nikolaou, Anastasia Psarra, George Kokotos
The regulation of the catalytic activity of the various phospholipase A2 enzymes is of high importance because these enzymes are involved in various pathological conditions such as arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, neurological diseases, and cancer. Thus, a great effort has been devoted in developing synthetic inhibitors as new agents to treat inflammatory diseases. Some of them have reached clinical trials. Areas covered: This review article discusses the phospholipase A2 inhibitors presented in patent literature from October 2012 to June 2016, their activities in vitro and in vivo as well as the results of clinical trials using synthetic PLA2 inhibitors...
October 8, 2016: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Jatinder Singh, Ramanpreet Shah, Dhandeep Singh
The mast cells are integral part of immune system and they have pleiotropic physiological functions in our body. Any type of abnormal stimuli causes the mast cells receptors to spur the otherwise innocuous mast cells to degranulate and release inflammatory mediators like histamine, cytokines, chemokines and prostaglandins. These mediators are involved in various diseases like allergy, asthma, mastocytosis, cardiovascular disorders, etc. Herein, we describe the receptors involved in degranulation of mast cells and are broadly divided into four categories: G-protein coupled receptors, ligand gated ion channels, immunoreceptors and pattern recognition receptors...
November 2016: International Immunopharmacology
W Rungapiromnan, Z Z N Yiu, R B Warren, C E M Griffiths, D M Ashcroft
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised regarding an increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) (myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, or cardiovascular death) in patients treated with anti-interleukin (IL)-12/23 agents for moderate-to-severe psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of MACEs in adult patients with plaque psoriasis that are exposed to biologic therapies via a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: (i) Data sources: Systematic searches were performed in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE, US Food and Drug Administration, European Medicines Agency, individual pharmaceutical companies online search platforms and 5 trials registers (until 31 March 2016)...
August 12, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Jashin J Wu, Bruce E Strober, Peter R Hansen, Ole Ahlehoff, Alexander Egeberg, Abrar A Qureshi, Debbie Robertson, Hernan Valdez, Huaming Tan, Robert Wolk
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory condition that is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Tofacitinib is being investigated as a treatment for psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effects of tofacitinib on CV risk factors and major adverse CV events (MACEs) in patients with plaque psoriasis. METHODS: Changes in select CV risk factors and the incidence rate (IR) of MACEs were evaluated in patients who were treated with tofacitinib...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Ehrin J Armstrong, James G Krueger
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with a variety of co-morbid conditions, including cardiovascular disease. Advancements in our understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of psoriasis have led to a better understanding regarding its pathogenesis, which in turn has stimulated ongoing research to identify the underlying pathophysiology responsible for the increased risk of cardiovascular events associated with psoriasis. Although not yet fully elucidated, emerging evidence points to immune-mediated inflammation as a process that contributes to endothelial cell dysfunction, dyslipidemia, and atherosclerosis as key processes influencing cardiovascular disease in psoriasis...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Zheng-Sheng Yang, Ning-Ning Lin, Li Li, Yang Li
TNF inhibitors have been used in psoriasis (Pso) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), which were associated with increased risk of cardiac and cerebrovascular events. However, whether TNF inhibitors reduce cardiovascular event is still unclear. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effect of TNF inhibitors on adverse cardiovascular events (CVEs) in Pso with or without PsA. We undertook a meta-analysis of clinical trials identified in systematic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Wanfang database, Cochrane Database, and Google scholar through December 31, 2015...
October 2016: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Alexander Egeberg, Louise E Bruun, Lotus Mallbris, Gunnar H Gislason, Lone Skov, Jashin J Wu, Peter R Hansen
BACKGROUND: Patients with psoriasis may have increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events (MACE), and a family history of CV disease (CVD) is an independent risk factor for MACE. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the risk of first-time MACE in patients with psoriasis with or without a family history of CVD. METHODS: Between January 1, 1997, and December 31, 2011, we identified 2,722,375 individuals, including 25,774 and 4504 patients with mild and severe psoriasis, through administrative registers...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Kaitlyn M Yim, April W Armstrong
Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are associated with a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular risk factors and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Active research is ongoing to elucidate this relationship between psoriatic diseases and cardiovascular comorbidities, as well as their shared pathogenic mechanisms. This review focuses on (1) the epidemiologic association between psoriasis and cardiovascular risk factors, (2) the epidemiologic association between psoriasis and MACE, (3) the epidemiologic association between psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular risk factors, and MACE, and (4) proposed mechanisms for the contribution of psoriatic diseases to cardiovascular diseases...
May 24, 2016: Rheumatology International
Wayne P Gulliver, Shane Randell, Susanne Gulliver, Sean Connors, Hervé Bachelez, Don MacDonald, Neil Gladney, Andrea Morrissey, Patrick Fleming
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disorder that affects approximately 2% to 3% of the population, which translates to 17 million in North America and Europe and approximately 170 million people worldwide. Although psoriasis can occur at any age, most cases develop before age 40 years. Some larger studies have noted bimodal age at onset with the first peak occurring at approximately age 30 years and the second peak at around 55 to 60 years, but most patients have a younger age of onset (15-30 years)...
November 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Na Fang, Menglin Jiang, Yu Fan
The association between psoriasis and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) or impaired flow-mediated dilation (FMD) remains controversial. We aimed to evaluate the extent of subclinical atherosclerosis as measured by CIMT and FMD in patients with psoriasis by conducting a meta-analysis.A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane databases, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and VIP databases up to February 2015. Observational studies investigating CIMT or FMD in patients with psoriasis and controls were eligible...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Peter C M van de Kerkhof, Christopher E M Griffiths, Kristian Reich, Craig L Leonardi, Andrew Blauvelt, Tsen-Fang Tsai, Yankun Gong, Jiaqing Huang, Charis Papavassilis, Todd Fox
BACKGROUND: Secukinumab, a fully human anti-interleukin-17A monoclonal antibody, has demonstrated efficacy and safety in patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed safety data from the secukinumab psoriasis phase II/III program. METHODS: Data were pooled from 10 phase II/III secukinumab psoriasis studies. RESULTS: Analysis included 3993 subjects; 3430 received secukinumab, representing 2725 subject-years (SYs) of exposure...
July 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Ari Polachek, Zahi Touma, Melanie Anderson, Lihi Eder
OBJECTIVE: To assess the magnitude of risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) compared with the general population through a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. METHODS: We searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases, as well as abstracts archives from rheumatology conferences. Observational studies that included a PsA diagnosis, cardiovascular or cerebrovascular outcomes, and a comparison group of individuals without psoriasis and rheumatic diseases and were case-control, cross-sectional, or cohort studies, were assessed by 2 researchers...
January 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
Sinan İnci, Gökhan Aksan, Pınar Doğan
Currently, coronary artery disease (CAD) is considered a major ailment in humans with widespread prevalence. CAD also accounts for high mortality rates around the world that involves several known risk factors. Chemerin is a novel adipokinine that is associated with inflammation and adipogenesis. Furthermore, experimental and clinical data indicate that localized as well as circulating chemerin expression and activation are elevated in numerous metabolic and inflammatory diseases including psoriasis, obesity, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease...
April 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
Trinitario Pina, Alfonso Corrales, Raquel Lopez-Mejias, Susana Armesto, Marcos A Gonzalez-Lopez, Ines Gómez-Acebo, Begoña Ubilla, Sara Remuzgo-Martínez, M Carmen Gonzalez-Vela, Ricardo Blanco, Jose L Hernández, Javier Llorca, Miguel A Gonzalez-Gay
The aim of the present study was to determine if the use of the anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α monoclonal antibody adalimumab could improve endothelial function and arterial stiffness in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis. This was a prospective study on a series of consecutive patients with moderate to severe psoriasis who completed 6 months of therapy with adalimumab. Patients with history of cardiovascular events, diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, hypertension or body mass index of 35 kg/m(2) or more were excluded...
November 2016: Journal of Dermatology
F Bardazzi, G Odorici, F Ferrara, M Magnano, R Balestri, A Patrizi
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a multi-systemic disease involving the skin and joints, but it is also characterized by endothelial dysfunction, which may cause sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction (ED), an embarrassing disease frequently neglected by dermatologists. OBJECTIVE: The principal objective was assessing the relationship between the severity of psoriasis and the severity of ED. We also investigated whether severity of psoriasis was related to International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) score, whether genital lesions worsened the IIEF-5 score, whether ED was related to factors such as diabetes, smoking and hypertension, and finally the overall the psychological factors felt by the patient...
August 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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