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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451069/arthritis-and-use-of-hydroxychloroquine-associated-with-a-decreased-risk-of-macrophage-activation-syndrome-among-adult-patients-hospitalized-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#1
E M Cohen, K D'Silva, D Kreps, M B Son, K H Costenbader
Background Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is an uncommon but serious complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aimed to identify factors associated with MAS among adult hospitalized SLE patients. Methods Within the Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) Lupus Center Registry, we identified adult SLE patients > age 17 who had been hospitalized from 1970 to 2016, with either ferritin > 5000 ng/ml during admission or "macrophage activation syndrome" or "MAS" in discharge summary...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450453/the-association-of-age-with-clinical-presentation-and-comorbidities-of-pyoderma-gangrenosum
#2
Hovik J Ashchyan, Daniel C Butler, Caroline A Nelson, Megan H Noe, William G Tsiaras, Stephen J Lockwood, William D James, Robert G Micheletti, Misha Rosenbach, Arash Mostaghimi
Importance: Pyoderma gangrenosum is an inflammatory neutrophilic dermatosis. Current knowledge of this rare disease is limited owing to a lack of validated diagnostic criteria and large population studies. Objective: To evaluate the association of age with the clinical presentation and comorbidities of pyoderma gangrenosum. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study performed at tertiary academic referral centers in urban settings...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446981/diet-pattern-and-respiratory-morbidity-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#3
Emily P Brigham, Lyn M Steffen, Stephanie J London, Danielle Boyce, Gregory B Diette, Nadia N Hansel, Jessica Rice, Meredith C McCormack
RATIONALE: Dietary intake is a potential risk factor for respiratory morbidity in adult populations. Few studies capture the effect of diet patterns, representative of combination of nutrients consumed, on respiratory morbidity in combination with objective measures of lung function. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patterns of dietary intake in relation to respiratory morbidity and objective measures of lung function in a U.S. POPULATION: <AbstractText Label="METHODS" NlmCategory="METHODS">The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study enrolled 15,792 participants from four U...
February 15, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429920/impact-of-a-clinical-pathway-tool-on-appropriate-palliative-radiation-therapy-for-bone-metastases
#4
Lisa S Rotenstein, Alexander O Kerman, Joseph Killoran, Tracy A Balboni, Monica S Krishnan, Allison Taylor, Neil E Martin
PURPOSE: Clinical pathways increase compliance with treatment guidelines, improve outcomes, and reduce costs. Guidelines recommend single fraction radiation therapy (SFRT) for palliation of uncomplicated bone metastases, but implementation is variable. We examined the effects of a pathway tool on SFRT rates in an academic radiation oncology practice. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Using published literature, clinical guidelines, and expert input, we designed a clinical pathway for bone metastases radiation therapy displayed on a Web-based electronic interface...
December 8, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421248/visuospatial-aptitude-testing-differentially-predicts-simulated-surgical-skill
#5
Emily Hinchcliff, Isabel Green, Christopher Destephano, Mary Cox, Douglas Smink, Amanika Kumar, Erik Hokenstad, Joan Bengtson, Sarah Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if visuospatial perception (VSP) testing is correlated to simulated or intraoperative surgical performance as rated by the American College of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones. DESIGN: Classification II-2 SETTING: Two academic training institutions PARTICIPANTS: 41 residents, including 19 Brigham and Women's Hospital and 22 Mayo Clinic residents from three different specialties (OBGYN, general surgery, urology). INTERVENTION: Participants underwent three different tests: visuospatial perception testing (VSP), Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLSĀ®) peg transfer, and DaVinci robotic simulation peg transfer...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398569/identifying-malnutrition-in-preterm-and-neonatal-populations-recommended-indicators
#6
Dena L Goldberg, Patricia J Becker, Katherine Brigham, Susan Carlson, Laura Fleck, Laura Gollins, Maura Sandrock, Michell Fullmer, H A Van Poots
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385921/volumetric-analysis-of-magnetic-resonance-guided-focused-ultrasound-thalamotomy-lesions
#7
Maya Harary, Walid I Essayed, Pablo A Valdes, Nathan McDannold, G Rees Cosgrove
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) thalamotomy was recently approved for use in the treatment of medication-refractory essential tremor (ET). Previous work has described lesion appearance and volume on MRI up to 6 months after treatment. Here, the authors report on the volumetric segmentation of the thalamotomy lesion and associated edema in the immediate postoperative period and 1 year following treatment, and relate these radiographic characteristics with clinical outcome. METHODS Seven patients with medication-refractory ET underwent MRgFUS thalamotomy at Brigham and Women's Hospital and were monitored clinically for 1 year posttreatment...
February 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384036/the-exciting-field-of-neuro-repair-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-sarah-i-sheikh
#8
Sarah I Sheikh
Sarah Isabel Sheikh speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Sarah I Sheikh, MD, MSc, MRCP, is a Senior Medical Director in Late Stage Clinical Development at Biogen. Her current focus is on developing therapies for multiple sclerosis/neuroinflammation, remyelination and neuro-repair. Prior to Biogen, Dr Sheikh was an attending in Neurology at Brigham and Women's Hospital. She completed her internship at Massachusetts General Hospital and residency in Neurology and Neuromuscular fellowship at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital...
January 31, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377646/stillborn-infants-associated-malformations
#9
Lewis B Holmes, Hanah Nasri, Rebecca Beroukhim, Anne-Therese Hunt, Drucilla J Roberts, M Hassan Toufaily, Marie-Noel Westgate
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth, defined as death of a fetus in utero after 20 weeks of gestation, occurs in 1 to 2% of pregnancies in the United States. Many of these stillborn infants have associated malformations, including chromosome abnormalities, neural tube defects, and malformation syndromes. Other causes are abnormalities of the placenta and maternal conditions, such as pre-eclampsia and obesity. A consecutive sample of malformed stillborn infants can establish the relative frequency and severity of the associated malformations...
January 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377643/causes-of-congenital-malformations
#10
M Hassan Toufaily, Marie-Noel Westgate, Angela E Lin, Lewis B Holmes
BACKGROUND: Many different causes of malformations have been established. The surveillance of a consecutive population of births, including stillbirths and elective terminations of pregnancy because of fetal anomalies, can identify each infant with malformations and determine the frequency of the apparent etiologies. This report is a sequel to the first such analysis in the first 10 years of this Active Malformations Surveillance Program (Nelson and Holmes, ). METHODS: The presence of malformations was determined among 289,365 births over 41 years (1972-2012) at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston...
January 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377642/malformations-among-289-365-births-attributed-to-mutations-with-autosomal-dominant-and-recessive-and-x-linked-inheritance
#11
M Hassan Toufaily, Marie-Noel Westgate, Hanah Nasri, Lewis B Holmes
BACKGROUND: The number of malformations attributed to mutations with autosomal or X-linked patterns of inheritance has increased steadily since the cataloging began in the 1960s. These diagnoses have been based primarily on the pattern of phenotypic features among close relatives. A malformations surveillance program conducted in consecutive pregnancies can identify both known and "new" hereditary disorders. METHODS: The Active Malformations Surveillance Program was carried out among 289,365 births over 41 years (1972-2012) at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston...
January 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377641/malformations-attributed-to-the-process-of-vascular-disruption
#12
Lewis B Holmes, Marie-Noel Westgate, Hanah Nasri, M Hassan Toufaily
BACKGROUND: Several malformations have been attributed to the process of vascular disruption. The central hypothesis for this etiology is that blood flow to a structure has been altered after that structure had formed normally. The decreased blood flow leads to hypoxia, endothelial cell damage, hemorrhage, tissue loss, and repair. After recovery, some structures are normal and others show either tissue loss or structural abnormalities, such as syndactyly and constriction rings. METHODS: The phenotypic features of the 7,020 infants with one or more malformations, who were born to women who had always planned to deliver at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) between, 1972 and 2012, that is, maternal nontransfers, were reviewed...
January 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370964/the-effect-of-community-socioeconomic-status-on-sepsis-attributable-mortality
#13
Panagis Galiatsatos, Emily P Brigham, Juliana Pietri, Kathleen Littleton, Seungyoung Hwang, Michael C Grant, Nadia N Hansel, Edward S Chen
PURPOSE: Community factors may play a role in determining individual risk for sepsis, as well as sepsis-related morbidity and mortality. We sought to define the relationship between community socioeconomic status and mortality due to sepsis in an urban locale. METHODS: Using community statistical areas of Baltimore City, we dichotomized neighborhoods at median household income, and compared distribution of outcomes of interest within the two income categories. We performed multivariable regression analyses to determine the relationship between socioeconomic variables and sepsis-attributable mortality...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341986/pulmonary-dead-space-fraction-and-extubation-success-in-children-after-cardiac-surgery
#14
Renee L Devor, Paul Kang, Chasity Wellnitz, John J Nigro, Daniel A Velez, Brigham C Willis
OBJECTIVES: 1) Determine the correlation between pulmonary dead space fraction and extubation success in postoperative pediatric cardiac patients; and 2) document the natural history of pulmonary dead space fractions, dynamic compliance, and airway resistance during the first 72 hours postoperatively in postoperative pediatric cardiac patients. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review. SETTING: Cardiac ICU in a quaternary care free-standing children's hospital...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324052/the-expression-profile-of-claudin-family-members-in-the-developing-mouse-lung-and-expression-alterations-resulting-from-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-shs
#15
Joshua B Lewis, Felix R Jimenez, Brigham J Merrell, Brent Kimbler, Juan A Arroyo, Paul R Reynolds
Claudins are tight junctional proteins implicated in cell polarity and epithelial barrier maintenance. Claudin misregulation adversely impacts developmental aspects of cell differentiation and proliferation. The current research evaluated transcriptional expression for Claudins 1-11 and 18 in the developing murine lung at embryonic days (E) 14.5, 16.5, and 18.5 and at post-natal day (PN) 3 and PN15. Mouse lungs were also assessed by immunohistochemical analysis to qualitatively evaluate Claudin protein expression...
January 11, 2018: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306285/editorial-jcp-communications-updating-a-valued-community-resource
#16
Marsha I Lester, Peter Hamm, David E Manolopoulos, James L Skinner, Erinn C Brigham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304497/predictors-of-hematological-abnormalities-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-treated-with-fingolimod-and-dimethyl-fumarate-and-impact-of-treatment-switch-on-lymphocyte-and-leukocyte-count
#17
M Baharnoori, C T Gonzalez, A Chua, C Diaz-Cruz, B C Healy, J Stankiewicz, H L Weiner, T Chitnis
BACKGROUND: There is limited data regarding the predictors of hematological abnormalities in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with dimethyl fumarate (DMF) or fingolimod (FNG), and the impact of treatment switch on lymphocyte and leukocyte count METHODS: We identified 405 patients on DMF and 300 patients on FNG (treatment duration: at least 12 month) within a large prospective study of MS patients conducted at the Partners MS Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital (CLIMB study) between Jan 2011 to Feb 2016...
December 14, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295880/evaluation-of-ajcc-and-an-alternative-tumor-classification-system-for-primary-vulvar-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Sarah T Le, Pritesh S Karia, Beverley J Vollenhoven, Robert J Besaw, Colleen M Feltmate, Chrysalyne D Schmults
Background: Currently, no studies have attempted to validate the AJCC tumor (T) class for vulvar cancer or examine its performance via clinical data. The goal of this study was to identify risk factors associated with poor outcomes in vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (vSCC) and compare prognostic discrimination of these outcomes between the AJCC T-classification system and the newly developed Brigham and Women's Vulvar Tumor Classification system (BWVTC). Methods: A 15-year, 2-center retrospective cohort study of primary vSCCs (N=226) was undertaken...
January 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274044/expanding-anticoagulation-management-services-to-include-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#19
REVIEW
Katelyn W Sylvester, Clara Ting, Andrea Lewin, Peter Collins, John Fanikos, Samuel Z Goldhaber, Jean M Connors
Despite the ease of use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), these agents remain high risk medications and their clinical efficacy can be impacted by factors such as patient adherence, drug procurement barriers, bleeding leading to discontinuation, and prescribing that deviates from approved dosing regimens. Clinical monitoring of patients on DOACs should be performed by clinicians who specialize in anticoagulation and are familiar with the nuances of DOAC dosing, monitoring, and other components of anticoagulation management including peri-procedural management and care transitions...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241640/association-of-anti-cyclic-citrullinated-protein-antibodies-erosions-and-rheumatoid-factor-with-disease-activity-and-work-productivity-a-patient-registry-study
#20
Evo Alemao, Zhenchao Guo, Michelle L Frits, Christine K Iannaccone, Nancy A Shadick, Michael E Weinblatt
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate associations between the presence of anti-cyclic citrullinated protein antibodies (anti-CCP) and rheumatoid factor (RF) and other outcomes, including joint erosions and both clinical and economic endpoints, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Data from the Brigham and Women's Hospital Rheumatoid Arthritis Sequential Study (BRASS), a prospective registry of adult RA patients with established or recent-onset RA, were analyzed...
October 13, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
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