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Perioperative surgical home

Anita Mohandas, Chris Summa, W Bradley Worthington, Jason Lerner, Kevin T Foley, Robert J Bohinski, Gregory B Lanford, Carol Holden, Richard N W Wohns
STUDY DESIGN: Delphi Panel expert panel consensus and narrative literature review OBJECTIVE.: To obtain expert consensus on best practices for patient selection and perioperative decision making for outpatient anterior cervical surgery (anterior cervical disc fusion (ACDF) and cervical total disc replacement (CTDR)). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spine surgery in ambulatory settings is becoming a preferred option for both patients and providers. The transition from traditional inpatient environments has been enabled by innovation in anesthesia protocols and surgical technique, as well as favorable economics...
October 6, 2016: Spine
Karen Thomson, Sophie R Pestieau, Janish J Patel, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Ariana Mirzada, Zeev N Kain, Matthew E Oetgen
BACKGROUND: The Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) is a patient-centered, team-based approach that aims to improve the value of perioperative care. We implemented a PSH for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who were undergoing posterior spinal fusion at Children's National Health System. We hypothesized that this PSH would improve patient surgical outcomes and reduce hospital length of stay (LOS). METHODS: A multidisciplinary group created evidence-based protocols for the preoperative, operative, postoperative, and postdischarge care of this patient population...
October 3, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
S Sachin, M C Rajesh, E K Ramdas
Surgical removal of the kidney tumor outside the body, (ex vivo renal bench surgery) followed by auto transplantation is an emerging and often done procedure to reconstruct the urinary tract. It possesses immense challenges to both the anesthesiologists and the surgeons. The risks are multiplied if you are performing the surgery on a solitary functioning kidney. Here, we are describing the anesthetic management of 70-year-old male post nephrectomy patient undergoing renal auto transplantation by bench surgery...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Jason M Davies, Michael T Lawton
OBJECTIVE Treatment of cerebrovascular malformations has grown in complexity with the development of multimodal approaches, including microsurgery, endovascular treatments, and radiosurgery. In spite of this changing standard of care, the provision of care continues across a variety of settings. The authors sought to determine the risk of adverse outcome after treatment of patients with vascular malformations in the US. Patient, surgeon, and hospital characteristics, including volume, were tested as potential outcome predictors...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Jarosław Szefel, Wiesław J Kruszewski, Mariusz Szajewski, Maciej Ciesielski, Ewa Sobczak, Maksymilian Czerepko, Wiesława Łysiak-Szydłowska
INTRODUCTION: Currently there are no established guidelines regarding the use of long-chain triglycerides (LCT) vs. medium-chain triglycerides medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)/long-chain triglycerides (LCT) in total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Severe malnutrition of patients with refractory cachexia (RC) often causes their disqualification from invasive methods of treatment thus decreasing their quality of life and survival time. AIM: To compare the changes in nutritional state of patients with RC receiving PN with LCT and LCT/MCT lipid emulsions and to assess the influence of enteral nutrition on their survival time...
2016: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Yin Li
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a patient-centered, surgeon-led system combining anesthesia, nursing, nutrition and psychology. It aims to minimize surgical stress and maintain physiological function in perioperative care, thereby expediting recovery. ERAS theory has been clinically applied for nearly 20 years and it is firstly used in colorectal surgery, then widely used in other surgical fields. However, ERAS is not used commonly in esophagectomy because of its surgical complexity and high morbidity of postoperative complications, which limits the application of ERAS in the field of esophagectomy...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Jared A Shenson, Jennifer N Craig, Sarah L Rohde
OBJECTIVE: Total laryngectomy (TL) is a high-cost procedure with patients at risk for significant postoperative health care use. Face-to-face preoperative counseling provided by speech-language pathologists is a relatively inexpensive intervention that may improve care quality and decrease costs. We evaluated if preoperative counseling for patients undergoing TL was associated with differences in length of stay (LOS), use of the emergency department (ED), or unplanned readmissions within 30 days of discharge...
September 27, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Leslie M Garson, Shermeen Vakharia, Angela F Edwards, Mervyn Maze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Austin A Woolard, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Susan S Eagle, Jonathan P Wanderer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perioperative dual antiplatelet therapy management in patients with previously placed coronary stents. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 1891 surgical cases performed at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in 2012 were evaluated using a perioperative database. Of these, 161 had complete data records that were evaluated using 2 evidence-based and expert opinion-supported protocols...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Nisreen Fahmy, Julian Siah, Joanna Umo-Etuk
BACKGROUND: Pain is the commonest reason for delayed discharge and readmission post day surgery with up to 45% of patients reported to suffer moderate-to-severe post-surgical pain 24 hours after discharge. The importance of post-surgical pain management extends beyond the acute phase when one considers that all chronic post-surgical pain was once acute. Although much focus is given to perioperative analgesia, a patient's pain management once discharged can be overlooked, whilst at this time the patient's pain management is within their own hands...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Chunyuan Qiu, Maxime Cannesson, Atef Morkos, Vu T Nguyen, Diana LaPlace, Narendra S Trivedi, Armond Khachatourians, Joseph Rinehart, Zeev N Kain
BACKGROUND: In this article, we report on the implementation and impact of a Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) model for the total knee arthroplasty at an integrated delivery system (Kaiser Permanente). METHODS: A multidisciplinary committee developed and implemented a series of PSH protocols that included the entire continuum of care from the decision for surgery until 30 days after surgery. Five hundred forty-six subjects were included in the preimplementation phase (Fast Track [T-fast]), and 518 patients were included in the postimplementation phase (PSH)...
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Mike Schweitzer, Thomas R Vetter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
David I Soybel, Kayla Knuf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Nicoleta Stoicea, Ramya Baddigam, Jennifer Wajahn, Angela C Sipes, Carlos E Arias-Morales, Nicholas Gastaldo, Sergio D Bergese
The elderly population in the United States is increasing exponentially in tandem with risk for frailty. Frailty is described by a clinically significant state where a patient is at risk for developing complications requiring increased assistance in daily activities. Frailty syndrome studied in geriatric patients is responsible for an increased risk for falls, and increased mortality. In efforts to prepare for and to intervene in perioperative complications and general frailty, a universal scale to measure frailty is necessary...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Brandon A McCutcheon, Meghan Murphy, Tarek Rayan, Hannah Gilder, Lorenzo Rinaldo, Daniel Shepherd, Patrick R Maloney, Brian R Hirshman, Bob S Carter, Mohamad Bydon, Fredric Meyer, Giuseppe Lanzino
INTRODUCTION: Large-scale studies examining the incidence and predictors of perioperative complications after surgical clipping of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) using nationally representative prospectively collected data are lacking in the literature. METHODS: Using the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) dataset, we conducted a retrospective analysis of the complications experienced by patients that underwent surgical management of a UIA between the years of 2007 and 2013...
October 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Coles E L'Hommedieu, James J Gera, Gerald Rupp, Jeffery W Salin, John S Cox, Paul J Duwelius
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to which surgical approach is best for total hip arthroplasty (THA). Previous studies suggested that the tissue-sparing anterior approach should result in a more rapid recovery requiring fewer postacute services, ultimately decreasing overall episodic cost. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine if any significant differences exist between the anterior vs posterior approaches on postacute care service utilization, readmissions, or episodic cost...
September 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Frederick T O'Donnell
Primary care physicians and specialists are frequently involved in the care of surgical patients. Changes in reimbursement have prompted re-examination of preoperative testing and health care expenditures. Physicians have additional incentives to improve health care delivery and reduce costs. The perioperative surgical home concept involves coordinating all aspects of patient care, including behavioral modifications, during the perioperative period. Evidence-based guidelines on preoperative evaluation are available to assist practitioners in managing cardiovascular disease, and communicating surgical risks...
May 2016: Missouri Medicine
David C Cron, Michael J Englesbe, Christian J Bolton, Melvin T Joseph, Kristen L Carrier, Stephanie E Moser, Jennifer F Waljee, Paul E Hilliard, Sachin Kheterpal, Chad M Brummett
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical and financial implications of preoperative opioid use in major abdominal surgery. BACKGROUND: Opioids are increasingly used to manage chronic pain, and chronic opioid users are challenging to care for perioperatively. Given the epidemic of opioid-related morbidity and mortality, it is critical to understand how preoperative opioid use impacts surgical outcomes. METHODS: This was an analysis of nonemergent, abdominopelvic surgeries from 2008 to 2014 from a single center within the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative clinical registry database...
July 15, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Tatsuhiro Fujii, Gabriela Moriel, Daniel R Kramer, Frank Attenello, Gabriel Zada
Over the past several decades, the rate of traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related emergency room visits in the United States has steadily increased, yet mortality in these patients has decreased. This improvement in outcome is largely due to advances in prehospital care, intensive care unit management, and the effectiveness of neurosurgical procedures, such as decompressive craniectomies. It is imperative to identify clinical factors predictive of patients who benefit from early mobilization of resources and operative treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Julie Slicker, Sharon Sables-Baus, Linda M Lambert, Laura E Peterson, Frances K Woodard, Elena C Ocampo
Background Feeding dysfunction occurs commonly in infants with single ventricle heart disease and impacts growth and long-term outcomes. Little evidence exists to guide safe feeding in this population. This study surveyed centers participating in the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative to assess prevailing feeding practices amongthose caring for single ventricle neonates. Methods Web-based survey of 56 pediatric cardiac surgical centers was conducted. Questions addressed peri-operative feeding approaches and responses were presented and analyzed descriptively...
July 13, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
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