keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Police Use of Force

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766522/to-honor-and-obey-perceptions-and-disclosure-of-sexual-assault-among-honor-ideology-women
#1
Caitlin L McLean, Marisa K Crowder, Markus Kemmelmeier
The overwhelming majority of rapes goes unreported. To better understand the sociocultural mechanisms behind why underreporting may occur, three studies (total nā€‰=ā€‰1,481) examine how women's endorsement of honor values influence the perceptions of rape. Using vignettes that varied the closeness of the perpetrator of a sexual assault (i.e., stranger, acquaintance, or husband), we found that women who endorse honor values of womanhood were less likely to label a forced sexual act as "rape" and to suggest that the victim discloses the rape to others, including to the police...
May 15, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751752/a-community-based-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-and-understandings-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-vulnerability-from-the-perspectives-of-female-sex-workers-and-male-intimate-partners-in-north-karnataka-state-india
#2
Andrea K Blanchard, Sapna G Nair, Sharon G Bruce, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Raghavendra Thalinja, Srikanta Murthy, Prakash Javalkar, Priya Pillai, Martine Collumbien, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac, Parinita Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Research has increasingly documented the important role that violence by clients and the police play in exacerbating HIV vulnerability for women in sex work. However few studies have examined violence in the intimate relationships of women in sex work, or drawn on community partnerships to explore the social dynamics involved. A community-based participatory research study was undertaken by community and academic partners leading intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV prevention programs in Bagalkot district, Karnataka state, India...
May 11, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708371/the-lackland-behavioral-questionnaire-the-use-of-biographical-data-and-statistical-prediction-rules-for-public-safety-screening
#3
Howard N Garb, James M Wood, Monty Baker
Screening for public safety positions (e.g., police officers, fire fighters, military service members) is a difficult and challenging task. Notably, the military has been widely criticized because of the general lack of an empirically based system or program for mental health screening. The purpose of the present study is to describe the use of statistical prediction rules for this task. Prediction rules were derived and validated using U.S. Air Force (USAF) recruits in basic military training (N = 50,322)...
April 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687590/a-systematic-review-of-risk-of-hiv-transmission-through-biting-or-spitting-implications-for-policy
#4
F V Cresswell, J Ellis, J Hartley, C A Sabin, C Orkin, D R Churchill
OBJECTIVES: The perceived threat of HIV transmission through spitting and biting is evidenced by the increasing use of "spit hoods" by Police Forces in the UK. In addition, a draft parliamentary bill has called for increased penalties for assaults on emergency workers, citing the risk of communicable disease transmission as one justification. We aimed to review literature relating to the risk of HIV transmission through biting or spitting. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using Medline, Embase and Northern Lights databases and conference websites using search terms relating to HIV, AIDS, bite, spit and saliva...
April 23, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685300/validation-studies-in-forensic-odontology-part-1-accuracy-of-radiographic-matching
#5
Mark Page, Russell Lain, Richard Kemp, Jane Taylor
As part of a series of studies aimed at validating techniques in forensic odontology, this study aimed to validate the accuracy of ante-mortem (AM)/postmortem (PM) radiographic matching by dentists and forensic odontologists. This study used a web-based interface with 50 pairs of AM and PM radiographs from real casework, at varying degrees of difficulty. Participants were shown both radiographs as a pair and initially asked to decide if they represented the same individual using a yes/no binary choice forced-decision...
May 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651913/drug-importation-into-italy-by-body-packing-an-analysis-of-the-unodc-individual-drug-seizures-database
#6
Simone Cappelletti, Alessandro Iaria, Francesco Lombardo, Giuseppe Vallone, Pasquale Vitale, Costantino Ciallella
Internal concealment and transportation of illegal substances by body packing is a major business with very high profits, attracting criminals all over the world. As body packers are rarely arrested, it is difficult to quantify their proportion in the general population and, consequently, identify the countries involved in this kind of drug traffic; as a consequence, the percentage of undetected cases is undoubtedly high. The aim of this study is to provide useful information concerning the country of origin of body packers travelling to Italy through the analysis of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Individual Drug Seizures Report database in the period 2010-2015...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570662/physical-practice-and-wellness-courses-reduce-distress-and-improve-wellbeing-in-police-officers
#7
REVIEW
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Massimo Zedda, Antonella Varetto
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to evaluate a course to reduce distress in an Italian police force. Based on the findings from the first investigations on this population, courses to improve the ability to manage distress were tailored by management. Several free courses were proposed, including physical efficiency (e.g., total body conditioning) and wellness (e.g., autogenic training) classes. The goal of this research was to evaluate the courses and their impact on the perceived distress and general health of the participants, as well as the effectiveness in increasing the use of adaptive coping strategies...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540969/are-police-personnel-in-puducherry-healthy-findings-from-partners-in-prevention-programme-in-puducherry-india
#8
T S Ravikumar, R Kanagarethinam, Divya Nair, Sitanshu S Kar
Background: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases are reported to be high in police force, which constitute a special occupational group. "Partners in Prevention" was a special surveillance activity carried out among the personnel of the Department of Police, Government of Puducherry by JIPMER, Puducherry. The present study reports the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors in this group. Materials and Methods: The design was cross-sectional analytical study covering 1618 policemen during 2013-15...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510842/the-violence-epidemic-in-the-african-american-community-a-call-by-the-national-medical-association-for-comprehensive-reform
#9
Eva Frazer, Roger A Mitchell, LaQuandra S Nesbitt, Mallory Williams, Edith P Mitchell, Richard Allen Williams, Doris Browne
While much progress has occurred since the civil rights act of 1964, minorities have continued to suffer disparate and discriminatory access to economic opportunities, education, housing, health care and criminal justice. The latest challenge faced by the physicians and public health providers who serve the African American community is the detrimental, and seemingly insurmountable, causes and effects of violence in impoverished communities of color. According to statistics from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the number one killer of black males ages 10-35 is homicide, indicating a higher rate of violence than any other group...
February 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447295/progress-toward-national-estimates-of-police-use-of-force
#10
Joel H Garner, Matthew J Hickman, Ronald W Malega, Christopher D Maxwell
This research builds on three decades of effort to produce national estimates of the amount and rate of force used by law enforcement officers in the United States. Prior efforts to produce national estimates have suffered from poor and inconsistent measurements of force, small and unrepresentative samples, low survey and/or item response rates, and disparate reporting of rates of force. The present study employs data from a nationally representative survey of state and local law enforcement agencies that has a high survey response rate as well as a relatively high rate of reporting uses of force...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432309/maternal-exposure-to-pesticides-paternal-occupation-in-the-army-police-force-and-cyp2d6-4-polymorphism-in-the-etiology-of-childhood-acute-leukemia
#11
Giovanni M Ferri, Chiara M Guastadisegno, Graziana Intranuovo, Domenica Cavone, Francesco Birtolo, Valerio Cecinati, Brigida Pappalardi, Patrizia Corsi, Luigi Vimercati, Nicola Santoro
Epidemiologic studies have suggested that parental occupations, pesticide use, environmental factors, and genetic polymorphism are involved in the etiology of childhood acute leukemia (CAL). In total, 116 cases of CAL and 162 controls were recruited and submitted to blood drawing to assess the presence of genetic polymorphisms. Parental occupations, pesticides exposure, and other potential determinants were investigated. Increased risk for CAL was associated with prenatal maternal use of insecticides/rodenticides (odds ratio [OR]=1...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427704/finding-makhubu-a-morphological-forensic-facial-comparison
#12
T M R Houlton, M Steyn
June 16, 1976, marks the Soweto Youth Student Uprising in South Africa. A harrowing image capturing police brutality from that day comprises of 18-year-old Mbuyisa Makhubu carrying a dying 12-year-old Hector Peterson. This circulated international press and contributed to world pressure against the apartheid government. This elevated Makhubu's profile with the national security police and forced him to flee to Botswana, then Nigeria, before disappearing in 1978. In 1988, Victor Vinnetou illegally entered Canada and was later arrested on immigration charges in 2004...
April 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427304/police-and-mental-health-responses-to-mental-health-crisis-in-the-waikato-region-of-new-zealand
#13
Graham Holman, Anthony John O'Brien, Katey Thom
New Zealand police report a high level of involvement with people in mental health crisis, something that has been reported in the international literature in recent decades. Involvement of police represents a coercive pathway to care and is likely to be associated with use of force. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical, legal, and social characteristics of individuals subject to police response in the Waikato region of New Zealand. Data were also collected on characteristics of police response, including use of force, time of day, and disposition...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414118/the-structured-ambivalence-of-cannabis-control-in-england-wales
#14
David Brewster
The two reclassifications of cannabis in England & Wales in 2004 and 2009 have been subjected to a series of academic analyses which have largely been centred on either the relationship to evidence, or in terms of the implications and realities of policing and health under the changes. However, despite the wealth of attention on this area, there have been relatively few attempts to understand these policy movements through broader criminological theoretical frameworks. One recent exception is Shiner's (2015) utilisation of Garland's (2001) concept of 'structured ambivalence'...
March 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402134/depression-literacy-and-help-seeking-in-australian-police
#15
Nicola J Reavley, Allison J Milner, Angela Martin, Lay San Too, Alicia Papas, Katrina Witt, Tessa Keegel, Anthony D LaMontagne
OBJECTIVE: To assess depression literacy, help-seeking and help-offering to others in members of the police force in the state of Victoria, Australia. METHODS: All staff in police stations involved in a cluster randomised controlled trial of an integrated workplace mental health intervention were invited to participate. Survey questions covered sociodemographic and employment information, recognition of depression in a vignette, stigma, treatment beliefs, willingness to assist co-workers with mental health problems, help-giving and help-seeking behaviours, and intentions to seek help...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367171/the-uk-national-dna-database-implementation-of-the-protection-of-freedoms-act-2012
#16
REVIEW
Aaron Opoku Amankwaa, Carole McCartney
In 2008, the European Court of Human Rights, in S and Marper v the United Kingdom, ruled that a retention regime that permits the indefinite retention of DNA records of both convicted and non-convicted ("innocent") individuals is disproportionate. The court noted that there was inadequate evidence to justify the retention of DNA records of the innocent. Since the Marper ruling, the laws governing the taking, use, and retention of forensic DNA in England and Wales have changed with the enactment of the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012 (PoFA)...
March 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361728/organizational-and-occupational-stressors-their-consequences-and-coping-strategies-a-questionnaire-survey-among-italian-patrol-police-officers
#17
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Massimo Zedda, Antonella Varetto
Background : Traditionally, workers employed in police forces have been found to be exposed to a high risk of distress. Several studies reported that the main stressors were associated more with organizational aspects, whilst other researchers underlined that the main stressor were associated more with operational issues. The aim of this research was to investigate operational and organizational stressors, their consequences also in terms of anxiety and the coping strategies adopted. Methods : We compared Patrol Police Officers working in the Operational Service (Outdoor Patrol Officers) and those in the Interior Department (Indoor Patrol Officers) in the same Municipal Police force...
January 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320548/primed-for-death-law-enforcement-citizen-homicides-social-media-and-retaliatory-violence
#18
Vladimir Bejan, Matthew Hickman, William S Parkin, Veronica F Pozo
We examine whether retaliatory violence exists between law enforcement and citizens while controlling for any social media contagion effect related to prior fatal encounters. Analyzed using a trivariate dynamic structural vector-autoregressive model, daily time-series data over a 21-month period captured the frequencies of police killed in the line of duty, police deadly use of force incidents, and social media coverage. The results support a significant retaliatory violence effect against minorities by police, yet there is no evidence of retaliatory violence against law enforcement officers by minorities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294697/a-behavior-sequence-analysis-of-perceptions-of-alcohol-related-violence-surrounding-drinking-establishments
#19
O Taylor, D A Keatley, D D Clarke
Alcohol-related violence surrounding the nighttime economy puts increased pressure and workload on security and police forces. Research surrounding alcohol-related violence consistently identifies risk factors, such as the organizational practices and physical characteristics of drinking establishments, as influential in the generation of violent behavior. The current research uses sequence analysis to investigate dynamic patterns of events perceived to lead to a violent incident. The research was collected using questionnaires across university students with customer experience of the modern nighttime economy...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283961/injuries-associated-with-police-use-of-force
#20
William P Bozeman, Jason P Stopyra, David A Klinger, Brian P Martin, Derrel D Graham, James C Johnson, Katherine Mahoney-Tesoriero, Sydney J Vail
BACKGROUND: Use of force [UOF] by police can result in serious injuries and fatalities. The risk of significant injuries associated with different force modalities is poorly defined. We sought to determine the incidence of police UOF and compare the likelihood of significant injury with different force modalities. METHODS: A prospective multicenter observational study of all UOF incidents was conducted via mandatory UOF investigations at three mid-sized police agencies over a two year period...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
keyword
keyword
114288
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"