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paediatric pulmonology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612960/physical-activity-and-asthma-control-level-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Natasha Y Matsunaga, Marina S Oliveira, André M Morcillo, José D Ribeiro, Maria A G O Ribeiro, Adyléia A D C Toro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by a muscle contraction with increased energy expenditure. The aim of this study was to assess the physical activity, asthma control level, spirometric measurements and quality of life in children and adolescents with asthma. METHODS: We included all children and adolescents aged 7-17 years who had a diagnosis of atopic asthma and who attended the Pediatric Pulmonology Outpatient Clinic of the State University of Campinas, Brazil...
June 14, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507638/antibiotic-utilization-in-pediatric-hospitalized-patients-a-single-center-study
#2
Hasime Qorraj Bytyqi, Rexhep Hoxha, Elton Bahtiri, Valon Krasniqi, Shaip Krasniqi
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in paediatrics. In most cases, antibiotics are started on an empirical basis, without proof of a bacterial infection, either before the start of therapy or afterwards. AIM: The main objective of this study was to analyse the consumption of antibiotics in hospitalised paediatric patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study investigated the consumption of antimicrobials in defined daily doses (DDDs according to the Anatomical Therapeutical Chemical/DDD index) in Pulmonology, Gastroenterology and Nephrology Departments at Pediatric Clinic of the tertiary hospital...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492126/bacteria-isolated-from-the-airways-of-paediatric-patients-with-bronchiectasis-according-to-hiv-status
#3
Charl Verwey, Sithembiso Velaphi, Riaz Khan
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of which bacteria are found in the airways of paediatric patients with bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis (CF) is important in defining empirical antibiotic guidelines for the treatment of acute infective exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To describe the bacteria isolated from the airways of children with non-CF bronchiectasis according to their HIV status. METHODS: Records of children with non-CF bronchiectasis who attended the paediatric pulmonology clinic at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa, from April 2011 to March 2013, or were admitted to the hospital during that period, were reviewed...
April 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863828/-health-care-providers-knowledge-and-abilities-to-use-inhalation-devices-and-spacers
#4
S Orfanos, A Carsin, M Baravalle, J-C Dubus
INTRODUCTION: Inhaled therapy is the mainstay of asthma treatment due to its local and rapid action. However, its efficiency relies on the teaching of a good inhalation technique by health care providers. We assessed health care providers' knowledge and practical skills in the use of inhalation devices. METHODS: An observational multicenter study was conducted in the pulmonology and paediatric wards in Marseille. The departments' common practices, theoretical knowledge and practical skills were assessed through a questionnaire and a demonstration using a spacer device...
May 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806184/antifibrinolytic-therapy-to-reduce-haemoptysis-from-any-cause
#5
REVIEW
Gabriela Prutsky, Juan Pablo Domecq, Carlos A Salazar, Roberto Accinelli
BACKGROUND: Haemoptysis is a common pathology around the world, occurring with more frequency in low-income countries. It has different etiologies, many of which have infectious characteristics. Antifibrinolytic agents are commonly used to manage bleeding from different sources, but their usefulness in pulmonology is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of antifibrinolytic agents in reducing the volume and duration of haemoptysis in adult and paediatric patients...
November 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717725/airway-tone-dysfunction-among-pre-schoolers-with-positive-asthma-predictive-index-a-case-control-study
#6
V Lezana, A Gajardo, L Bofill, M Gutierrez, S Mora, J A Castro-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To measure lung function by impulse oscillometry (IOS) and spirometry in recurrent wheezer pre-schoolers according to their asthma predictive index (API) condition. METHODS: We performed a case-control study enrolling all pre-schoolers with recurrent wheezing episodes (>3 episodes confirmed by physician) who presented at a paediatric pulmonology clinic. The population was divided according to stringent API criteria into positive or negative. RESULTS: In the nine-month period, 109 pre-schoolers were enrolled...
March 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699758/-healthy-sleep-evidence-and-guidelines-for-action-official-document-of-the-spanish-sleep-society
#7
M Merino-Andreu, A Alvarez-Ruiz de Larrinaga, J A Madrid-Perez, M A Martinez-Martinez, F J Puertas-Cuesta, A J Asencio-Guerra, O Romero Santo-Tomas, M J Jurado-Luque, F J Segarra-Isern, T Canet-Sanz, P Gimenez-Rodriguez, J Teran-Santos, M L Alonso-Alvarez, D Garcia-Borreguero Diaz-Varela, B Barriuso-Esteban
One of the main objectives of the Spanish Sleep Society is to promote healthy sleep in both the general population and in health professionals. This document aims to conduct a review of the current scientific literature on sleep habits that can serve as the basis on which to establish a set of general recommendations, regarding healthy sleep, for use by the general population in Spain as well as to identify the main challenges faced by research into sleep habits. The document has been developed by a multidisciplinary team made up of members of the Spanish Sleep Society who are experts in paediatric sleep medicine, clinical neurophysiology, pulmonology, neurology, chronobiology, physiology and psychology...
October 3, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566421/progress-in-pediatrics-in-2015-choices-in-allergy-endocrinology-gastroenterology-genetics-haematology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-oncology-and-pulmonology
#8
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26785958/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-according-to-asthma-control-and-asthma-severity-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
Natasha Yumi Matsunaga, Maria Angela Gonçalves de Oliveira Ribeiro, Ivete Alonso Bredda Saad, André Moreno Morcillo, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Adyléia Aparecida Dalbo Contrera Toro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality of life according to the level of asthma control and degree of asthma severity in children and adolescents. METHODS: We selected children and adolescents with asthma (7-17 years of age) from the Pediatric Pulmonology Outpatient Clinic of the State University of Campinas Hospital de Clínicas, located in the city of Campinas, Brazil. Asthma control and asthma severity were assessed by the Asthma Control Test and by the questionnaire based on the Global Initiative for Asthma, respectively...
November 2015: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25726814/-is-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-associated-with-other-prevalent-pathologies-of-early-childhood
#10
REVIEW
Esther Cardo, Marta Amengual-Gual
AIM: To determine whether attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with other prevalent medical pathologies of the paediatric age. DEVELOPMENT: Several paediatric pathologies were selected with the aim of reviewing their association with ADHD: in paediatric pulmonology, asthma and other allergic processes; in paediatric neurology, headache and febrile seizures; in paediatric gastroenterology, diarrhoea, constipation, abdominal pain, gastroesophageal reflux and infection by Helicobacter pylori; in paediatric nephrology, enuresis; in paediatric cardiology, bruits and congenital heart disease; in paediatric endocrinology, thyroid disorders and obesity; and in paediatric ophthalmology, ametropia and strabismus...
February 25, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25629543/the-way-forward-for-clinical-research-in-cameroon-first-scientific-and-research-day-in-douala-2014
#11
Anastase Dzudie, Leopold Aminde, Marcelin Ngowe Ngowe, Noah Takah, Henry Namme Luma, Marie Solange Doualla, Yacouba Mapoure, Hugo Mbatchou, Theophile Nana Njamen, Eugene Belley Priso, Andre Pascal Kengne, Karen Sliwa-Hahnle, Armand S Nkwescheu, Albert Mouelle Sone
There is a huge need for health research to support contextually relevant health service and policy solutions to better the health of populations in sub-Saharan Africa. This need contrasts with the very timid engagement of healthcare practitioners in research in the region.It is against this background that the Douala General Hospital (a tertiary-care hospital in Cameroon), under the stewardship of its chief executive officer, organised the first annual scientific and research day in October 2014. This maiden event saw the participation of local research leaders and the eminent director of the South African Hatter Institute for Cardiovascular Research in Africa, who co-chaired the event...
September 2014: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24613479/-recommendations-for-the-use-of-diagnostic-testing-in-low-respiratory-infections-in-children-older-than-three-months
#12
V Houdouin, G Pouessel, F Angoulvant, J Brouard, J Derelle, M Fayon, A Ferroni, J-P Gangneux, I Hau, M Le Bourgeois, M Lorrot, J Menotti, N Nathan, A Vabret, F Wallet, S Bonacorsi, R Cohen, J de Blic, A Deschildre, V Gandemer, I Pin, A Labbe, P Le Roux, A Martinot, B Rammaert, S Rammaert, J-C Dubus, C Delacourt, C Marguet
Recommendations for the use of diagnostic testing in low respiratory infection in children older than 3 months were produced by the Groupe de Recherche sur les Avancées en Pneumo-Pédiatrie (GRAPP) under the auspices of the French Paediatric Pulmonology and Allergology Society (SP(2)A). The Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) methodology, based on formalized consensus, was used. A first panel of experts analyzed the English and French literature to provide a second panel of experts with recommendations to validate...
April 2014: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24391411/flexible-fiberoptic-bronchoscopy-in-greek-children
#13
F Kirvassilis, D Gidaris, M Ventouri, A Zampouri, M Mylona, A Keramidiotis, Th Kontakiotis, I Tsanakas
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FFB) is one of the most important procedures in paediatric pulmonology. To the best of our knowledge there is no review - audit summarising the experience with FFB in children in Greece. We therefore analysed retrospectively all FFBs performed by the paediatric pulmonology team in our hospital in order to analyse indications for bronchoscopy in our population, explore diagnostic yield for each indication and highlight potential complications...
October 2011: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24314712/-recommendations-for-pediatric-oxygen-therapy-in-acute-and-chronic-settings-needs-assessment-implementation-criteria-prescription-practices-and-follow-up
#14
G Aubertin, C Marguet, C Delacourt, V Houdouin, L Leclainche, M Lubrano, O Marteletti, I Pin, G Pouessel, J-L Rittié, J-P Saulnier, C Schweitzer, N Stremler, C Thumerelle, A Toutain-Rigolet, N Beydon
Recommendations for acute and long-term oxygen therapy (needs assessment, implementation criteria, prescription practices, and follow-up) in children were produced by the Groupe de Recherche sur les Avancées en Pneumo-Pédiatrie (GRAPP) under the auspices of the French Paediatric Pulmonology and Allergology Society (SP2A). The Haute Autorité de Santé (HAS) methodology, based on the Formalized Consensus, was used. A first panel of experts analyzed the English and French literature to provide a second panel of experts with recommendations to validate...
December 2013: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23764567/interleukins-for-the-paediatric-pulmonologist
#15
REVIEW
Henry J Rozycki, Wei Zhao
Interleukins are critical immune modulators and since their first description in 1977, there has been a steady increase in the recognition of their roles in many paediatric respiratory diseases. This basic and clinical knowledge is now maturing into both approved and investigational therapies aimed at blocking or modifying the interleukin response. The purpose of this review is to bring up to date what is known about interleukin function in paediatric pulmonology, focusing on nine important lung conditions...
March 2014: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22750788/human-enterovirus-109-ev109-in-acute-paediatric-respiratory-disease-in-hungary
#16
Péter Pankovics, Akos Boros, Hajnalka Szabó, Gyöngyi Székely, Kálmán Gyurkovits, Gábor Reuter
Human enterovirus 109 (EV109) is a recently identified recombinant enterovirus in family Picornaviridae from acute paediatric respiratory illness in Nicaragua. EV109 have not been reported elsewhere. Our aims were the molecular detection and genetic analysis of EV109 from acute childhood respiratory infections in Hungary. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from children under age of 10 years with acute respiratory infections treated in Department of Pulmonology, Kaposi Mór Teaching Hospital, Mosdós, Hungary...
June 2012: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22513965/antifibrinolytic-therapy-to-reduce-haemoptysis-from-any-cause
#17
REVIEW
Gabriela Prutsky, Juan Pablo Domecq, Carlos A Salazar, Roberto Accinelli
BACKGROUND: Haemoptysis is a common pathology around the world, occurring with more frequency in low-income countries. It has different etiologies, many of which have infectious characteristics. Antifibrinolytic agents are commonly used to manage bleeding from different sources, but their usefulness in pulmonology is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of antifibrinolytic agents in reducing the volume and duration of haemoptysis in adult and paediatric patients...
April 18, 2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22480463/-recommendations-for-pediatric-oxygen-therapy-in-acute-and-chronic-settings-needs-assessment-implementation-criteria-prescription-practices-and-follow-up
#18
G Aubertin, C Marguet, C Delacourt, V Houdouin, L Leclainche, M Lubrano, O Marteletti, I Pin, G Pouessel, J-L Rittié, J-P Saulnier, C Schweitzer, N Stremler, C Thumerelle, A Toutain-Rigolet, N Beydon
Recommendations for acute and long-term oxygen therapy (needs assessment, implementation criteria, prescription practices, and follow-up) in children were produced by the Groupe de Recherche sur les Avancées en Pneumo-Pédiatrie (GRAPP) under the auspices of the French Paediatric Pulmonology and Allergology Society (SP2A). The Haute Autorité de Santé (HAS) methodology, based on the Formalized Consensus, was used. A first panel of experts analyzed the English and French literature to provide a second panel of experts with recommendations to validate...
May 2012: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22321823/upper-airway-abnormalities-detected-in-children-using-flexible-bronchoscopy
#19
Levent Midyat, Erkan Çakır, Arif Kut
OBJECTIVES: Rapid anatomical evaluation is essential to establish the severity of cases with upper respiratory obstruction and to define the degree of respiratory distress. Detailed airway endoscopy is required in most patients, not only for diagnosis, but also to treat the condition. In this study, as two of the largest paediatric pulmonology centres in Turkey, we reviewed the data of our bronchoscopy patients, and aimed to document the upper airway abnormalities that we detected during these procedures...
April 2012: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22119725/-aetiology-and-diagnosis-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-and-its-complicated-forms
#20
A Andrés Martín, D Moreno-Pérez, S Alfayate Miguélez, J A Couceiro Gianzo, M L García García, J Korta Murua, M I Martínez León, C Muñoz Almagro, I Obando Santaella, G Pérez Pérez
Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is a common childhood disease, involving several paediatric subspecialties in its diagnosis and treatment. This has prompted the Spanish Society of Paediatric Pulmonology (SENP) and the Spanish Society of Paediatric Infectious Diseases (SEIP) to prepare a consensus document on the diagnosis of CAP, assessing the practical aspects by means of evidence-based medicine. It discusses the aetiology and epidemiology, with the current changes and the validity of certain laboratory tests, such as acute phase reactants, microbiological and imaging techniques, guiding the paediatricians in the real value of these tests...
March 2012: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
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