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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646456/using-comics-to-promote-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-the-asian-american-and-pacific-islander-communities
#1
Jiayan Linda Wang, Nazia Acevedo, Georgia Robins Sadler
There are unaesthetic aspects in teaching people about the early detection of colorectal cancer using the fecal immunochemical test. Comics were seen as a way to overcome those unaesthetic aspects. This study used the Asian grocery store-based cancer education venue to pilot-test the clarity, cultural acceptability, and alignment of five colorectal cancer education comics intended for publication in Asian American and Pacific Islander (API) community newspapers. After developing the colorectal cancer education comics, API students asked shoppers to review a comic from their collection and provide feedback on how to make the comic clearer and more culturally pertinent to API readers...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603773/what-is-your-neural-function-visual-narrative-conjunction-grammar-meaning-and-fluency-in-sequential-image-processing
#2
Neil Cohn, Marta Kutas
Visual narratives sometimes depict successive images with different characters in the same physical space; corpus analysis has revealed that this occurs more often in Japanese manga than American comics. We used event-related brain potentials to determine whether comprehension of "visual narrative conjunctions" invokes not only incremental mental updating as traditionally assumed, but also, as we propose, "grammatical" combinatoric processing. We thus crossed (non)/conjunction sequences with character (in)/congruity...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598422/constriction-of-the-mitochondrial-inner-compartment-is-a-priming-event-for-mitochondrial-division
#3
Bongki Cho, Hyo Min Cho, Youhwa Jo, Hee Dae Kim, Myungjae Song, Cheil Moon, Hyongbum Kim, Kyungjin Kim, Hiromi Sesaki, Im Joo Rhyu, Hyun Kim, Woong Sun
Mitochondrial division is critical for the maintenance and regulation of mitochondrial function, quality and distribution. This process is controlled by cytosolic actin-based constriction machinery and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) on mitochondrial outer membrane (OMM). Although mitochondrial physiology, including oxidative phosphorylation, is also important for efficient mitochondrial division, morphological alterations of the mitochondrial inner-membrane (IMM) have not been clearly elucidated. Here we report spontaneous and repetitive constriction of mitochondrial inner compartment (CoMIC) associated with subsequent division in neurons...
June 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597142/simple-mindreading-abilities-predict-complex-theory-of-mind-developmental-delay-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Maria Chiara Pino, Monica Mazza, Melania Mariano, Sara Peretti, Dagmara Dimitriou, Francesco Masedu, Marco Valenti, Fabia Franco
Theory of mind (ToM) is impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aims of this study were to: (i) examine the developmental trajectories of ToM abilities in two different mentalizing tasks in children with ASD compared to TD children; and (ii) to assess if a ToM simple test known as eyes-test could predict performance on the more advanced ToM task, i.e. comic strip test. Based on a sample of 37 children with ASD and 55 TD children, our results revealed slower development at varying rates in all ToM measures in children with ASD, with delayed onset compared to TD children...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569208/development-of-a-health-education-intervention-strategy-using-an-implementation-research-method-to-control-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-burkina-faso
#5
Helena Ngowi, Ivan Ozbolt, Athanase Millogo, Veronique Dermauw, Télesphore Somé, Paul Spicer, Lori L Jervis, Rasmané Ganaba, Sarah Gabriel, Pierre Dorny, Hélène Carabin
BACKGROUND: Taeniasis and cysticercosis are two diseases caused by Taenia solium, a parasite transmitted between humans and pigs, leading to considerable economic loss and disabilities. Transmission of the parasite is linked to environmental and behavioural factors such as inadequate sanitation and hygiene, poor pig management, and consumption of infected pork. This study used implementation research method to design a health education intervention strategy for reducing T. solium infections in Burkina Faso, a country endemic for the parasite...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566266/the-development-of-a-web-based-program-to-reduce-dietary-salt-intake-in-schoolchildren-study-protocol
#6
Carley Ann Grimes, Alison Booth, Durreajam Khokhar, Madeline West, Claire Margerison, Karen Campbell, Caryl Nowson
BACKGROUND: Salt intake of schoolchildren in the Australian state of Victoria is high. To protect future cardiovascular health, interventions that seek to reduce the amount of salt in children's diets are required. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop and pilot test a Web-based program (Digital Education to Limit Salt Intake in the Home [DELISH]) that aims to reduce dietary salt intake among schoolchildren and to improve child and parent knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to salt intake...
May 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493323/rheumatoid-arthritis-is-characterized-by-early-changes-of-the-cortical-micro-channel-comic-system-in-the-bare-area-of-the-joints
#7
David Werner, David Simon, Matthias Englbrecht, Fabian Stemmler, Christoph Simon, Andreas Berlin, Judith Haschka, Nina Renner, Thomas Buder, Klaus Engelke, Axel J Hueber, Jürgen Rech, Georg Schett, Arnd Kleyer
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the specific structural properties of the erosion-prone bare area of the human joint and to search for early microstructural changes in this region during rheumatoid arthritis Methods: An initial cadaveric study was used for exact localization of the bare area of the metacarpal heads, detection of cortical micro-channels (CoMiCs) in this region by high-resolution peripheral computed tomography (HR-pQCT) and, after anatomical dissection, their validation by micro-computed tomography (μCT)...
May 10, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459667/the-emerging-genre-of-data-comics
#8
Benjamin Bach, Nathalie Henry Riche, Sheelagh Carpendale, Hanspeter Pfister
As we increasingly rely on data to understand our world, and as problems require global solutions, we need to effectively communicate that data to help people make informed decisions. The special Art on Graphics article explores the potential of data comics and their unique ability to communicate both data and context via compelling visual storytelling.
2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459666/stories-in-the-data
#9
Gary Singh
To some degree, comics have always been used to convert data into stories, from ancient Egyptian heiroglyphics to crude biology diagrams in grade-school textbooks. By their very nature, comics communicate through a variety of visualization techniques. Benjamin Bach, who along with his coauthors Nathalie Henry Riche, Sheelagh Carpendale, and Hanspeter Pfister created this issue's Art on Graphics special contribution about the emerging genre of data comics, here talks about their attempts to leverage the massive untapped potential for data-driven comics to explain multiple threads of simultaneous data...
2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391547/drawing-invisible-wounds-war-comics-and-the-treatment-of-trauma
#10
Joshua M Leone
Since the Vietnam War, graphic novels about war have shifted from simply representing it to portraying avenues for survivors to establish psychological wellness in their lives following traumatic events. While modern diagnostic medicine often looks to science, technology, and medications to treat the psychosomatic damage produced by trauma, my article examines the therapeutic potential of the comics medium with close attention to war comics. Graphic novels draw trauma in a different light: because of the medium's particular combination of words and images in sequence, war comics represent that which is typically unrepresentable, and these books serve as useful tools to promote healing among the psychologically wounded...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375645/the-fit-game-iii-reducing-the-operating-expenses-of-a-game-based-approach-to-increasing-healthy-eating-in-elementary-schools
#11
Damon Joyner, Heidi J Wengreen, Sheryl S Aguilar, Lori Andersen Spruance, Brooke A Morrill, Gregory J Madden
OBJECTIVE: Previously published versions of the healthy eating "FIT Game" were administered by teachers in all grades at elementary schools. The present study evaluated whether the game would retain its efficacy if teachers were relieved of this task; presenting instead all game materials on visual displays in the school cafeteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 572 children attending two Title 1 elementary schools (grades K-5). Following a no-intervention baseline period in which fruit and vegetable consumption were measured from food waste, the schools played the FIT Game...
April 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336687/bva-sets-record-straight-with-comic-relief-s-french-bulldog-advert
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316556/great-expectations-the-implementation-of-integrated-care-and-its-contribution-to-improved-outcomes-for-people-with-chronic-conditions
#13
Loraine Busetto
There are great expectations regarding the potential contribution of integrated care interventions to improved outcomes, but so far the evidence is mixed. In this dissertation, we focussed on why, when and how some integrated care interventions contribute to improved outcomes, while others do not. To this purpose, we developed the COMIC Model for studying the Context, Outcomes and Mechanisms of Integrated Care interventions. Evaluations that make use of the COMIC Model take into account the context in which an intervention is implemented and can thereby provide insights into why an intervention does (not) work and how the intervention and/or the context can be changed to achieve improved outcomes...
December 31, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299412/tdcs-application-over-the-stg-improves-the-ability-to-recognize-and-appreciate-elements-involved-in-humor-processing
#14
Mirella Manfredi, Alice Mado Proverbio, Ana Paula Gonçalves Donate, Sofia Macarini Gonçalves Vieira, William Edgar Comfort, Mariana De Araújo Andreoli, Paulo Sérgio Boggio
The superior temporal gyrus (STG) has been found to play a crucial role in the recognition of actions and facial expressions and may, therefore, be critical for the processing of humorous information. Here we investigated whether tDCS application to the STG would modulate the ability to recognize and appreciate the comic element in serious and comedic situations of misfortune. To this aim, the effects of different types of tDCS stimulation on the STG were analyzed during a task in which the participants were instructed to categorize various misfortunate situations as "comic" or "not comic"...
June 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289294/active-learning-strategies-for-legal-topics-and-substance-abuse-in-a-pharmacy-curriculum
#15
Sarah J Steinhardt, John E Clark, William N Kelly, Angela M Hill
Objective. To implement active-learning strategies to engage students in learning, applying, and teaching legal and substance abuse topics. Design. Medication Safety course student groups created films on a National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG) using a movie genre and presented them in film festival format. Pharmacogenomics course student groups taught ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) topics through presentation of short stories about comic book characters with genetic mutations. Students in the Drugs of Abuse course composed and performed dances depicting the mechanism of action of a drug in an in-class rave dance format...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256685/-interventions-to-promote-social-communication-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
I Baixauli-Fortea, B Rosello-Miranda, C Berenguer-Forner, C Colomer-Diago, M D Grau-Sevilla
INTRODUCTION: The difficulties encountered when it comes to social communication are one of the core disorders experienced by persons with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This problem leads to feelings of loneliness and social exclusion, which negatively affect the quality of life. AIMS: To review the characteristics of the main interventions in this field in high-functioning ASD. DEVELOPMENT: Strategies employed include social stories, comic-strip conversations or videomodelling, and interventions mediated by peers and multicomponent treatments...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252083/sci-fi-comic-still-has-thrill-power
#17
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242517/when-a-hit-sounds-like-a-kiss-an-electrophysiological-exploration-of-semantic-processing-in-visual-narrative
#18
Mirella Manfredi, Neil Cohn, Marta Kutas
Researchers have long questioned whether information presented through different sensory modalities involves distinct or shared semantic systems. We investigated uni-sensory cross-modal processing by recording event-related brain potentials to words replacing the climactic event in a visual narrative sequence (comics). We compared Onomatopoeic words, which phonetically imitate action sounds (Pow!), with Descriptive words, which describe an action (Punch!), that were (in)congruent within their sequence contexts...
June 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154336/development-and-validation-of-a-training-program-using-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-approach-with-the-purpose-of-enabling-community-pharmacists-to-provide-empathic-patient-counseling
#19
Kazunori Tanuma, Fumiyuki Watanabe, Hatsuyo Maeda, Miki Shiina, Kazuo Hara, Miwako Kamei
 To enable community pharmacists to provide empathic patient counseling, we developed and validated a training program based on cognitive reframing, which is one of the cognitive behavioral therapies. We divided 24 community pharmacists into two groups, providing training to the intervention group. The duration of the training program was two hours per session, with a total of eight hours. We conducted a survey of the intervention group to evaluate their training experience. In addition, we performed two role-play scenarios on patient counseling using simulated patients, evaluating the patient counseling alliance scores and the degrees of the psychological distance between the patients and pharmacists...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033470/developing-a-motion-comic-for-hiv-std-prevention-for-young-people-ages-15-24-part-2-evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention
#20
Leigh A Willis, Rachel Kachur, Ted J Castellanos, Kristen Nichols, Maria C B Mendoza, Zaneta J Gaul, Pilgrim Spikes, Ashley C Gamayo, Marcus D Durham, Lisa LaPlace, Julie Straw, Colleen Staatz, Hadiza Buge, Matthew Hogben, Susan Robinson, John Brooks, Madeline Y Sutton
In the United States, young people (ages 15-24 years) are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), due at least in part to inadequate or incorrect HIV/STD-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions (KABI). Comic book narratives are a proven method of HIV/STD prevention communication to strengthen KABI for HIV/STD prevention. Motion comics, a new type of comic media, are an engaging and low-cost means of narrative storytelling...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
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