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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022662/-infectious-diseases-as-you-have-never-read-them
#1
Daniel Genné
Infectious diseases is known as a serious medical discipline. Nevertheless some experiences related by patients and unusual studies can bring a smile on your face. In this article, you will find a sample of rare and original studies in this field, extracted from a collection of comical published medical articles.
October 11, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947507/discrepant-analysis-and-bias-a-micro-comic-strip
#2
EDITORIAL
Alexander J McAdam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901823/comics-as-a-medium-for-providing-information-on-adult-immunizations
#3
Jagannath M Muzumdar, Nicholas L Pantaleo
This study compared the following effects of two vaccine information flyers-one developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) versus one adapted from this information to a comic medium (comic)-on adults: (a) attitude toward the flyer; (b) perceived informativeness of the flyer; (c) intention to seek more information about adult immunizations after viewing the flyer; and (d) intention to get immunized after viewing the flyer. A between-group, randomized trial was used to randomly assign adults (age 18 years or older) at an ambulatory care center to review the CDC or comic flyer...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898720/not-so-secret-agents-event-related-potentials-to-semantic-roles-in-visual-event-comprehension
#4
Neil Cohn, Martin Paczynski, Marta Kutas
Research across domains has suggested that agents, the doers of actions, have a processing advantage over patients, the receivers of actions. We hypothesized that agents as "event builders" for discrete actions (e.g., throwing a ball, punching) build on cues embedded in their preparatory postures (e.g., reaching back an arm to throw or punch) that lead to (predictable) culminating actions, and that these cues afford frontloading of event structure processing. To test this hypothesis, we compared event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to averbal comic panels depicting preparatory agents (ex...
September 9, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874913/brief-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-drink-improved-anxiety-and-somatic-symptoms-in-japanese-workers
#5
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Jiro Takano, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements improve various health conditions. We investigated the effect of a brief self-help ICBT administered with a supplement drink on psychological well-being and somatic symptoms...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873920/lessons-from-helen-keller-how-to-make-the-comics-accessible
#6
Jérôme Dupire, Yvan Boude
This paper addresses the lack of accessibility of the comics for deaf or hard-of-hearing readers. Comics are a major cultural object, used in many different contexts with, as much as different purposes (leisure, education, advertising, etc.). We report here the results of an experimentation during a communication operation, including a regular exhibition made of panels and a digital mirroring of the contents, with extra materials and information. This digital part, accessible through our institution website, is the basement of this paper...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865469/comics-as-an-educational-tool-for-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#7
Amir Mendelson, Noa Rabinowicz, Yonit Reis, Gil Amarilyo, Liora Harel, Philip J Hashkes, Yosef Uziel
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether the comic book Neta and the Medikidz Explain JIA would improve disease-related knowledge and treatment adherence among patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, JIA patients answered 20 multiple-choice knowledge questions about their disease, before and after reading the comic book. Demographic, clinical, health-related quality of life and adherence data were recorded and correlated to the responses...
September 2, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841381/rethinking-monogamy-s-nature-from-the-truth-of-non-monogamy-to-a-dyke-ethics-of-antimonogamy
#8
Angela Willey
Following Lynne Huffer's work on queer feminism, this abridged essay centers the figure of the lesbian in order to develop a dyke ethics that engenders nuanced thinking about both monogamy and embodiment. The essay reads Alison Bechdel's comic strip, Dykes to Watch Out For, to elaborate a "dyke ethics of anti-monogamy." Grounded in notions of friendship, community, and social justice, this ethics decenters the sexual dyad in a way that polyamory does not. It also insists upon a theoretical and ethical disposition of respect for the simultaneously political and embodied nature of desire...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835564/prevalence-and-predictive-values-a-micro-comic-strip
#9
EDITORIAL
Alexander J McAdam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818249/health-literacy-cancer-prevention-strategies-for-early-adults
#10
Robert A Simmons, Susan C Cosgrove, Martha C Romney, James D Plumb, Rickie O Brawer, Evelyn T Gonzalez, Linda G Fleisher, Bradley S Moore
Health literacy, the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand health information and services needed to make health decisions, is an essential element for early adults (aged 18-44 years) to make informed decisions about cancer. Low health literacy is one of the social determinants of health associated with cancer-related disparities. Over the past several years, a nonprofit organization, a university, and a cancer center in a major urban environment have developed and implemented health literacy programs within healthcare systems and in the community...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803609/comic-the-hidden-dynamics-of-mitochondrial-inner-compartments
#11
Bongki Cho, Woong Sun
Mitochondria have evolutionarily, functionally and structurally distinct outer- (OMM) and inner-membranes (IMM). Thus, mitochondrial morphology is controlled by independent but coordinated activity of fission and fusion of the OMM and IMM. Constriction and division of the OMM are mediated by endocytosis-like machineries, which include dynamin-related protein 1 with additional cytosolic vesicle scissoring machineries such as actin filament and Dynamin 2. However, structural alteration of the IMM during mitochondrial division has been poorly understood...
August 14, 2017: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799927/heavy-metal-tolerance-and-removal-potential-in-mixed-species-biofilm
#12
Sandra Grujić, Sava Vasić, Ljiljana Čomić, Aleksandar Ostojić, Ivana Radojević
The aim of the study was to examine heavy metal tolerance (Cd(2+), Zn(2+), Ni(2+) and Cu(2+)) of single- and mixed-species biofilms (Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Escherichia coli) and to determine metal removal efficiency (Cd(2+), Zn(2+), Ni(2+), Cu(2+), Pb(2+) and Hg(2+)). Metal tolerance was quantified by crystal violet assay and results were confirmed by fluorescence microscopy. Metal removal efficiency was determined by batch biosorption assay. The tolerance of the mixed-species biofilm was higher than the single-species biofilms...
August 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716279/the-initial-time-course-of-headache-in-patients-with-spontaneous-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#13
Hata Čomić, Gabriel J E Rinkel, Mervyn D I Vergouwen
BACKGROUND: If acute severe headache disappears early after its onset, the question arises whether subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) should still be ruled out. We studied the initial time-course and minimal duration of headache in a consecutive series of neurologically intact patients with spontaneous SAH. METHODS: We included patients admitted between 2012 and 2015 within 48h after spontaneous SAH with a normal level of consciousness and no focal deficits. We retrieved data on headache severity, measured with a Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), <48h after ictus...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707195/the-power-of-print-reading-comics-in-the-classroom
#14
Sabine Gabaron
Evidence from neuroscience and psychological studies supporting benefits of print reading over digital reading has recently been discussed in these columns (Perbal 2017 J. Cell Commun. Signal. 11:1-4). In the present commentary, I would like to add my perspective as a Humanities educator, and build upon the idea that print reading results in better comprehension, learning and communication. The argumentation that is presented herein is based on a study performed in a French Comics language class aimed at broadening students' knowledge and experience of graphic novels, and providing them with a cultural representation in the foreign language...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646456/using-comics-to-promote-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-the-asian-american-and-pacific-islander-communities
#15
Jiayan Linda Wang, Nazia Acevedo, Georgia Robins Sadler
There are unaesthetic aspects in teaching people about the early detection of colorectal cancer using the fecal immunochemical test. Comics were seen as a way to overcome those unaesthetic aspects. This study used the Asian grocery store-based cancer education venue to pilot-test the clarity, cultural acceptability, and alignment of five colorectal cancer education comics intended for publication in Asian American and Pacific Islander (API) community newspapers. After developing the colorectal cancer education comics, API students asked shoppers to review a comic from their collection and provide feedback on how to make the comic clearer and more culturally pertinent to API readers...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603773/what-is-your-neural-function-visual-narrative-conjunction-grammar-meaning-and-fluency-in-sequential-image-processing
#16
Neil Cohn, Marta Kutas
Visual narratives sometimes depict successive images with different characters in the same physical space; corpus analysis has revealed that this occurs more often in Japanese manga than American comics. We used event-related brain potentials to determine whether comprehension of "visual narrative conjunctions" invokes not only incremental mental updating as traditionally assumed, but also, as we propose, "grammatical" combinatoric processing. We thus crossed (non)/conjunction sequences with character (in)/congruity...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598422/constriction-of-the-mitochondrial-inner-compartment-is-a-priming-event-for-mitochondrial-division
#17
Bongki Cho, Hyo Min Cho, Youhwa Jo, Hee Dae Kim, Myungjae Song, Cheil Moon, Hyongbum Kim, Kyungjin Kim, Hiromi Sesaki, Im Joo Rhyu, Hyun Kim, Woong Sun
Mitochondrial division is critical for the maintenance and regulation of mitochondrial function, quality and distribution. This process is controlled by cytosolic actin-based constriction machinery and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) on mitochondrial outer membrane (OMM). Although mitochondrial physiology, including oxidative phosphorylation, is also important for efficient mitochondrial division, morphological alterations of the mitochondrial inner-membrane (IMM) have not been clearly elucidated. Here we report spontaneous and repetitive constriction of mitochondrial inner compartment (CoMIC) associated with subsequent division in neurons...
June 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597142/simple-mindreading-abilities-predict-complex-theory-of-mind-developmental-delay-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Maria Chiara Pino, Monica Mazza, Melania Mariano, Sara Peretti, Dagmara Dimitriou, Francesco Masedu, Marco Valenti, Fabia Franco
Theory of mind (ToM) is impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aims of this study were to: (i) examine the developmental trajectories of ToM abilities in two different mentalizing tasks in children with ASD compared to TD children; and (ii) to assess if a ToM simple test known as eyes-test could predict performance on the more advanced ToM task, i.e. comic strip test. Based on a sample of 37 children with ASD and 55 TD children, our results revealed slower development at varying rates in all ToM measures in children with ASD, with delayed onset compared to TD children...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569208/development-of-a-health-education-intervention-strategy-using-an-implementation-research-method-to-control-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-burkina-faso
#19
Helena Ngowi, Ivan Ozbolt, Athanase Millogo, Veronique Dermauw, Télesphore Somé, Paul Spicer, Lori L Jervis, Rasmané Ganaba, Sarah Gabriel, Pierre Dorny, Hélène Carabin
BACKGROUND: Taeniasis and cysticercosis are two diseases caused by Taenia solium, a parasite transmitted between humans and pigs, leading to considerable economic loss and disabilities. Transmission of the parasite is linked to environmental and behavioural factors such as inadequate sanitation and hygiene, poor pig management, and consumption of infected pork. This study used implementation research method to design a health education intervention strategy for reducing T. solium infections in Burkina Faso, a country endemic for the parasite...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566266/the-development-of-a-web-based-program-to-reduce-dietary-salt-intake-in-schoolchildren-study-protocol
#20
Carley Ann Grimes, Alison Booth, Durreajam Khokhar, Madeline West, Claire Margerison, Karen Campbell, Caryl Nowson
BACKGROUND: Salt intake of schoolchildren in the Australian state of Victoria is high. To protect future cardiovascular health, interventions that seek to reduce the amount of salt in children's diets are required. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop and pilot test a Web-based program (Digital Education to Limit Salt Intake in the Home [DELISH]) that aims to reduce dietary salt intake among schoolchildren and to improve child and parent knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to salt intake...
May 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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