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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433961/harnessing-the-medical-humanities-for-experiential-learning
#1
Satendra Singh, Purnima Barua, Upreet Dhaliwal, Navjeevan Singh
A month-long workshop on medical humanities was held in the Jorhat Medical College, Assam in September 2015. It employed experiential learning (both online and onsite) using humanities tools, such as the theatre of the oppressed, art, literature, reflective narratives, movies, the history of medicine, graphic medicine, poetry and diversity studies. As a result of the interactions, 28 volunteer participants, comprising students and faculty members, wrote reflective narratives on doctor​-patient relationships, produced a newsletter and a logo for their medical humanities group, and staged cultural performances and forum theatre...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421118/pattern-of-traditional-medicine-utilization-among-hiv-aids-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy-at-a-university-hospital-in-northwestern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Abyot Endale Gurmu, Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Wondmagegn Tamiru Tadesse
The objective of this study was to assess traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) utilization pattern among HIV/AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy at University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. Materials and Methods. Data on sociodemographic profile and clinical and TCAM utilization were collected using a structured, pretested questionnaire from April 01 to May 28, 2014, through interviews with patients. Data on CD4 count, HIV stage, and ART regimen were collected from patient records...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407813/adapting-an-adherence-support-workers-intervention-engaging-traditional-healers-as-adherence-partners-for-persons-enrolled-in-hiv-care-and-treatment-in-rural-mozambique
#3
Carolyn M Audet, José Salato, Sten H Vermund, K Rivet Amico
BACKGROUND: Systematic adaptation of evidence-informed interventions that increase retention in care and improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are essential to ending the HIV epidemic in rural sub-Saharan Africa. We selected and adapted an adherence support worker intervention employed in Malawi for use by traditional healers in rural Mozambique. Given the levels of trust and dependence previously expressed by persons living with HIV (PLHIV) for traditional medicine, we adapted the program to engage traditional healers within the allopathic health system...
April 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399924/measuring-health-system-responsiveness-at-facility-level-in-ethiopia-performance-correlates-and-implications
#4
Bereket Yakob, Busisiwe Purity Ncama
BACKGROUND: Health system responsiveness measures (HSR) the non-health aspect of care relating to the environment and the way healthcare is provided to clients. The study measured the HSR performance and correlates of HIV/AIDS treatment and care services in the Wolaita Zone of Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey across seven responsiveness domains (attention, autonomy, amenities of care, choice, communication, confidentiality and respect) was conducted on 492 people using pre-ART and ART care...
April 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393540/microfracture-state-of-the-art-in-cartilage-surgery
#5
Florian Frehner, Jan P Benthien
Objective This study is a literature review from 2010 to 2014 concerning the quality of evidence in clinical trials about microfracture in attempt to repair articular cartilage. We have decided to focus on microfracturing, since this seems to be the best documented technique. Interest in evaluation of publication quality has risen in orthopaedic sports medicine recently. Therefore, we think it is necessary to evaluate recent clinical trials being rated for their evidence-based medicine (EBM) quality. We also compared the mean impact factor of the journals publishing the different studies as an indicator of the study's citation and evaluated for a change over the studied time frame...
April 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391577/neoadjuvant-treatment-in-pancreatic-cancer-evidence-based-medicine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Francesco D'Angelo, Laura Antolino, Alessio Farcomeni, Dario Sirimarco, Andrea Kazemi Nava, Martina De Siena, Niccolò Petrucciani, Giuseppe Nigri, Stefano Valabrega, Paolo Aurello, Giovanni Ramacciato
Neoadjuvant treatment in non-metastatic pancreatic cancer (PaC) has the theoretical advantages of downstaging the tumor, sterilizing any present systemic undetectable disease, selecting patients for surgery and administering therapy to each patient. The aim of this systematic review is to analyze the state of the art on neoadjuvant protocols for non-metastatic PaC. A literature search over the last 10 years was conducted, and papers had to be focused on resectable, borderline resectable (BLR) or locally advanced (LA) histo- or cytologically proven PaC; to be prospective studies or prospectively collected databases; to report percentage of protocol achievement and survival data at least in an intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis...
May 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390693/limitations-on-the-compensation-of-gamete-donors-a-public-opinion-survey
#7
Malinda S Lee, Leslie Farland, Stacey Missmer, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
OBJECTIVE: To determine public opinion on gamete donor compensation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based survey. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A nationally representative sample of 1,427 people in the United States. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Support for the compensation of gamete donors. RESULTS: Of 1,427 respondents, 51 (4%) disagreed with use of IVF for any indication, and 232 (16%) believed that oocyte and/or sperm donation to be always unacceptable...
April 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386738/manufacturing-of-recombinant-human-follicle-stimulating-hormone-ovaleap-%C3%A2-xm17-comparability-with-gonal-f-%C3%A2-and-performance-consistency
#8
Rainer Winstel, Juergen Wieland, Beate Gertz, Arnd Mueller, Hermann Allgaier
Ovaleap(®) (XM17) is a recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone to treat infertility by inducing ovulation or controlled ovarian stimulation for assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures. Ovaleap(®) (follitropin-α) was approved by the European Medicines Agency in 2013 as a biosimilar medicinal product to the reference medicine, Gonal-f(®). Information is often not easily accessible and/or publicly available regarding the rigorous manufacturing procedures for biosimilars. Objectives of the current analysis were to report on validation procedures for the Ovaleap(®) manufacturing process, to compare the characteristics of Ovaleap(®) versus Gonal-f(®), and to describe the performance and consistency of Ovaleap(®)...
April 6, 2017: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385643/friday-at-five-the-art-of-medicine
#9
EDITORIAL
Frederick C Cobey, Frederick Y Chen, Madhav Swaminathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383608/an-italian-validation-of-meter-an-easy-to-use-health-literacy-hl-screener
#10
L R Biasio, G Corbellini, D D'Alessandro
Health Literacy (HL) is the degree to which individuals have the capability to obtain, understand and process basic health information needed to make appropriate health decisions. It affects persons' ability to access and use health care, to interact with providers, and to care for themselves. Established literacy screeners have practical limitations (such as practictioner's attendance, time to complete, etc.): to address these, a short, self-administered measure of HL, the Medical Term Recognition Test (METER) was introduced in USA...
May 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379134/-health-illnes-and-higiene-in-the-boarding-schools-the-case-of-the-salesian-arts-and-craft-scholl-of-c%C3%A3-rdoba-1905-1930
#11
Nicolás Moretti
The following article asks about the speeches, practices, representations and experiences on health, hygiene and illnes in boarding schools early last century, taking for instance the School of Arts and Crafts of the Salesian Congregation, with the intention of revisiting the dialogue between medicine, hygiene and school in the context of development of the social question, the result of accelerated modernization process experienced by the city of Córdoba.
2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375701/light-addressable-potentiometric-sensors-for-quantitative-spatial-imaging-of-chemical-species
#12
Tatsuo Yoshinobu, Ko-Ichiro Miyamoto, Carl Frederik Werner, Arshak Poghossian, Torsten Wagner, Michael J Schöning
A light-addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS) is a semiconductor-based chemical sensor, in which a measurement site on the sensing surface is defined by illumination. This light addressability can be applied to visualize the spatial distribution of pH or the concentration of a specific chemical species, with potential applications in the fields of chemistry, materials science, biology, and medicine. In this review, the features of this chemical imaging sensor technology are compared with those of other technologies...
March 27, 2017: Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372530/panel-5-immunology
#13
Jennelle M Kyd, Muneki Hotomi, Masamitsu Kono, Arwa Kurabi, Michael Pichichero, Allen Ryan, W Edward Swords, Ruth Thornton
Objective To perform a state-of-the-art review of the literature from January 2012 through May 2015 on studies that advanced our knowledge of the innate and adaptive immunology related to otitis media. This review also proposes future directions for research in this area. Data Sources PubMed database of the National Library of Medicine. Review Methods Three subpanels comprising experts in the field focused on sections relevant to cytokines, innate immunity, and adaptive immunity. The review focused on animal, cell line, and human studies and was critical in relation to the recommendations from the previous publication and for determination of the proposed goals and priorities...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364560/towards-more-accurate-hiv-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-multi-site-evaluation-of-hiv-rdts-and-risk-factors-for-false-positives
#14
Cara S Kosack, Anne-Laure Page, Greet Beelaert, Tumwesigye Benson, Aboubacar Savane, Anne Ng'ang'a, Bita Andre, Jean-Paul Bn Zahinda, Leslie Shanks, Katrien Fransen
INTRODUCTION: Although individual HIV rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) show good performance in evaluations conducted by WHO, reports from several African countries highlight potentially significant performance issues. Despite widespread use of RDTs for HIV diagnosis in resource-constrained settings, there has been no systematic, head-to-head evaluation of their accuracy with specimens from diverse settings across sub-Saharan Africa. We conducted a standardized, centralized evaluation of eight HIV RDTs and two simple confirmatory assays at a WHO collaborating centre for evaluation of HIV diagnostics using specimens from six sites in five sub-Saharan African countries...
March 22, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361683/comparative-network-stratification-analysis-for-identifying-functional-interpretable-network-biomarkers
#15
Chuanchao Zhang, Juan Liu, Qianqian Shi, Tao Zeng, Luonan Chen
BACKGROUND: A major challenge of bioinformatics in the era of precision medicine is to identify the molecular biomarkers for complex diseases. It is a general expectation that these biomarkers or signatures have not only strong discrimination ability, but also readable interpretations in a biological sense. Generally, the conventional expression-based or network-based methods mainly capture differential genes or differential networks as biomarkers, however, such biomarkers only focus on phenotypic discrimination and usually have less biological or functional interpretation...
March 14, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357355/the-molecular-and-cellular-action-properties-of-artemisinins-what-has-yeast-told-us
#16
REVIEW
Chen Sun, Bing Zhou
Artemisinin (ART) or Qinghaosu is a natural compound possessing superior anti-malarial activity. Although intensive studies have been done in the medicinal chemistry field to understand the structure-effect relationship, the biological actions of artemisinin are poorly understood and controversial. Due to the current lack of a genetic amiable model to address this question, and an accidental finding made more than a decade ago during our initial exploratory efforts that yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be inhibited by artemisinin, we have since been using the baker's yeast as a model to probe the molecular and cellular properties of artemisinin and its derivatives (ARTs) in living cells...
April 14, 2016: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355995/new-advances-in-infant-feeding-new-products-and-novel-technologies
#17
M C Pina-Pérez, A Martínez, D Rodrigo
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the best way to provide ideal food for infants. However, there are many situations in which breastfeeding is unviable (maternal illness, hygiene problems, intravenous feeding requirement, storage). Safe, efficient, and nutritious products should be offered by the industry to mothers and healthcare professionals as an alternative. OBJECTIVE: The present review aims to update the state of the art regarding the most innovative developments in infant feeding formulation and, the promising novel technologies that are being investigated to achieve a balance between the microbiological stability, organoleptic and nutritional value of babyfood...
March 28, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355369/therapeutic-use-of-the-rebound-effect-of-modern-drugs-new-homeopathic-medicines
#18
Marcus Zulian Teixeira
The homeopathic treatment is based on the principle of therapeutic similitude, employing medicines that cause certain disorders to treat similar manifestations, stimulating a reaction of the organism against its own ailments. The occurrence of this secondary reaction of the organism, opposite in nature to the primary action of the medicines, is evidenced in the study of the rebound (paradoxical) effect of several classes of modern drugs. In this work, in addition to substantiate the principle of similitude before the experimental and clinical pharmacology, we suggest a proposal to employ hundreds of conventional drugs according to homeopathic method, applying the therapeutic similitude between the adverse events of medicines and the clinical manifestations of patients...
February 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353067/-conflict-matrix-risk-management-tool-in-the-operating-room
#19
D Andel, K Markstaller, H Andel
BACKGROUND: In business conflicts have long been known to have a negative effect on costs and team performance. In medicine this aspect has been widely neglected, especially when optimizing processes for operating room (OR) management. In the multidisciplinary setting of OR management, shortcomings in rules for decision making and lack of communication result in members perceiving themselves as competitors in the patient's environment rather than acting as art of a multiprofessional team...
March 28, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348455/reflection-on-molecular-approaches-influencing-state-of-the-art-bioremediation-design-culturing-to-microbial-community-fingerprinting-to-omics
#20
Lauren M Czaplicki, Claudia K Gunsch
Bioremediation is generally viewed as a cost effective and sustainable technology because it relies on microbes to transform pollutants into benign compounds. Advances in molecular biological analyses allow unprecedented microbial detection and are increasingly incorporated into bioremediation. Throughout history, state-of-the-art techniques have informed bioremediation strategies. However, the insights those techniques provided were not as in depth as those provided by recently developed omics tools. Advances in next generation sequencing (NGS) have now placed metagenomics and metatranscriptomics within reach of environmental engineers...
October 2016: Journal of Environmental Engineering
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