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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746208/correlates-of-mental-illness-and-health-categories-among-older-adults-in-china-an-empirical-study-based-on-the-two-continua-model
#1
Nan Jiang, Nan Lu
OBJECTIVE: Keyes' two continua model is a useful concept in which mental health and mental illness exist on two separate axes. Based on this model, this study examined the prevalence and correlates of three mental health categories among older adults in China. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were derived from Wave 1 of the Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health. Participants were categorized into complete mental health (CMH), complete mental illness (CMI), and moderate mental health (MMH) groups...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744041/the-social-biography-of-antibiotic-use-in-smallholder-dairy-farms-in-india
#2
Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Mathew Sunil George, Pranab Chatterjee, Johanna Lindahl, Delia Grace, Manish Kakkar
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been identified as one of the major threats to global health, food security and development today. While there has been considerable attention about the use and misuse of antibiotics amongst human populations in both research and policy environments, there is no definitive estimate of the extent of misuse of antibiotics in the veterinary sector and its contribution to AMR in humans. In this study, we explored the drivers ofirrational usage of verterinary antibiotics in the dairy farming sector in peri-urban India...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729514/the-framework-of-urban-exposome-application-of-the-exposome-concept-in-urban-health-studies
#3
Xanthi D Andrianou, Konstantinos C Makris
Horizontal challenges, such as climate change or the growing populations, and their manifestations require the development of multidisciplinary research synergies in urban health that could benefit from concepts, such as the human exposome. Cities are composed of interconnected systems which are influenced, by global trends, national policies and local complexities. In this context, the exposome concept could be expanded having the city setting in its core, providing the conceptual framework for the new generation of urban studies...
May 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724210/drug-use-in-the-management-of-uncomplicated-malaria-in-public-health-facilities-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#4
Nsengi Y Ntamabyaliro, Christian Burri, Didier B Nzolo, Aline B Engo, Yves N Lula, Samuel M Mampunza, Célestin N Nsibu, Gauthier K Mesia, Jean-Marie N Kayembe, Joris L Likwela, Leon M Kintaudi, Gaston L Tona
BACKGROUND: Malaria the first causes of death from parasitic infection worldwide. Interventions to reduce the burden of malaria have produced a tremendous drop in malaria morbidity and mortality. However, progress is slower in DRC, which shares with Nigeria 39% of deaths related to malaria globally. Inappropriate use of drugs may be one of the factors of this below-average performance. The aim of this study was to describe the use of drugs in the management of uncomplicated malaria in public health facilities in DRC...
May 3, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701636/dynamic-geochemistry-of-tetraethyl-lead-dust-during-the-20th-century-getting-the-lead-in-out-and-translational-beyond
#5
Howard W Mielke
This commentary provides a brief overview of policy decisions that permitted getting tetraethyl lead (TEL) into petrol; global geochemical lead-dust deposition evidence; 1975 catalytic converter requirements; concern about habitability of cities; a personal perspective on legacy lead research that accelerated getting TEL out of petrol; and translational beyond, including New Orleans pre- vs. post-Hurricane Katrina observations about legacy lead interventions that effectively improve urban children’s health outcomes...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690865/women-s-health-status-in-urban-ghana-dimensions-and-differentials-using-short-form-36
#6
Faustina Frempong-Ainguah, Claire E Bailey, Allan G Hill
BACKGROUND: Global discourse on population, health and development have placed women's health issues at the top of development agenda. Women's reproductive health has received some attention in Ghana since the mid-1990s. However, studies on women's general health status, dimensions and the differentials in a rapidly growing urban setting is poorly understood and under-researched. This study sought to examine the various pathways in which individual socio-demographic factors, economic characteristics and endowment influence self-assessed health status among women living in the city of Accra, Ghana...
April 24, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685137/determinants-of-national-health-insurance-enrolment-in-ghana-across-the-life-course-are-the-results-consistent-between-surveys
#7
Nele van der Wielen, Jane Falkingham, Andrew Amos Channon
BACKGROUND: Ghana is currently undergoing a profound demographic transition, with large increases in the number of older adults in the population. Older adults require greater levels of healthcare as illness and disability increase with age. Ghana therefore provides an important and timely case study of policy implementation aimed at improving equal access to healthcare in the context of population ageing. This paper examines the determinants of National Health Insurance (NHIS) enrolment in Ghana, using two different surveys and distinguishing between younger and older adults...
April 23, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676634/impact-of-seasonal-winter-air-pollution-on-health-across-the-lifespan-in-mongolia-and-some-putative-solutions
#8
David Warburton, Nicole Warburton, Clarence Wigfall, Ochir Chimedsuren, Delgerzul Lodoisamba, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Badarch Jargalsaikhan
Environmental pollution of the air, water, and soil comprise an increasingly urgent challenge to global health, well-being, and productivity. The impact of environmental pollution arguably has its greatest impact across the lifespan on children, women of childbearing age, and pregnant women and their unborn children, not only because of their vulnerability during development, but also because of their subsequent longevity. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is a highly instructive, perhaps extreme, example of what happens with recent, rapid urbanization...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627958/better-kitchens-and-toilets-both-needed-for-better-health
#9
EDITORIAL
Khaiwal Ravindra, Kirk R Smith
Both poor water, sanitation, hygiene (WaSH) and household air pollution (HAP) adversely affect the health of millions of people each year around the globe and specifically in developing countries. The objective of current work is to highlight the importance of HAP in parallel to WaSH for decision making to achieve better health specially in developing countries. There are examples, where developing countries are strengthening efforts to tackle the issue of poor water and sanitation such as 'Clean India Mission' was recently launched by the Government of India...
April 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607101/weak-surveillance-and-policy-attention-to-cancer-in-global-health-the-example-of-mozambique
#10
REVIEW
Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Laura Oliveras, Alba Vilajeliu, Carla Carrilho, Mamudo R Ismail, Paola Castillo, Orvalho Augusto, Mohsin Sidat, Clara Menéndez, Alberto L Garcia-Basteiro, Jaume Ordi
Cancer is an emerging public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa due to population growth, ageing and westernisation of lifestyles. The increasing burden of cancer calls for urgent policy attention to develop cancer prevention and control programmes. Cancer surveillance is an essential prerequisite. Only one in five low-income and middle-income countries have the necessary data to drive policy and reduce the cancer burden. In this piece, we use data from Mozambique over a 50-year period to illustrate cancer epidemiological trends in low-income and middle-income countries to hypothesise potential circumstances and factors that could explain changes in cancer burden and to discuss surveillance weaknesses and potential improvements...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588267/the-smart-study-a-mobile-health-and-citizen-science-methodological-platform-for-active-living-surveillance-integrated-knowledge-translation-and-policy-interventions-longitudinal-study
#11
Tarun Reddy Katapally, Jasmin Bhawra, Scott T Leatherdale, Leah Ferguson, Justin Longo, Daniel Rainham, Richard Larouche, Nathaniel Osgood
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide, costing approximately US $67.5 billion per year to health care systems. To curb the physical inactivity pandemic, it is time to move beyond traditional approaches and engage citizens by repurposing sedentary behavior (SB)-enabling ubiquitous tools (eg, smartphones). OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the Saskatchewan, let's move and map our activity (SMART) Study was to develop a mobile and citizen science methodological platform for active living surveillance, knowledge translation, and policy interventions...
March 27, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584763/child-injuries-in-ethiopia-a-review-of-the-current-situation-with-projections
#12
Qingfeng Li, Olakunle Alonge, Collene Lawhorn, Yirga Ambaw, Smita Kumar, Troy Jacobs, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Heavy burden of child injuries and lack of policy response in Ethiopia call for an improved understanding of the situation and development of action plans from multiple governmental agencies and stakeholders. METHODS: A consortium of international and Ethiopian researchers and stakeholders used extensive literature review and mixed analytical methods to estimate and project the burden of fatal and non-fatal child unintentional injuries in Ethiopia from 2015 to 2030...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584502/an-insight-of-world-health-organization-who-accident-database-by-cluster-analysis-with-self-organizing-map-som
#13
Chinmoy Pal, Shigeru Hirayama, Sangolla Narahari, Manoharan Jeyabharath, Gopinath Prakash, Vimalathithan Kulothungan
OBJECTIVE: Road crashes are increasing every year in low- and middle-income countries compared to high-income countries, which show decreasing trends. One theory may be because of differences in enforcement of laws, vehicle safety, road standards, and many other factors. A detailed review was made of 5 death trends (total number of deaths/100,000 population and percentages of 4-wheeler, pedestrian, motorized 2/3-wheeler, bicyclist) and the underlying patterns in different countries and regions across the world...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551102/thinking-upstream-the-roles-of-international-health-and-drug-policies-in-public-health-responses-to-chemsex
#14
Oliver Stevens, Jamie I Forrest
Chemsex is a growing public health concern in urban centres, and few interventions exist to mitigate the significant sexual, drug-related, and social harms potentially experienced by people who participate in chemsex. In much of the world, these immediate harms are further compounded by the criminalisation and stigmatisation of both homosexuality and drug use, preventing participants fully engaging with treatment services or provision of health care. Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men participating in chemsex fall between the traditional definitions of key populations and consequently are poorly provided for by existing drug and sexual health frameworks...
March 19, 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528518/prevalence-and-correlates-of-low-physical-activity-in-the-iranian-population-national-survey-on-non-communicable-diseases-in-2011
#15
M Sahebkar, H Heidarian Miri, P Noormohammadpour, R Akrami, N Mansournia, B Tavana, M A Mansournia, E Stamatakis
To assess the prevalence and correlates of low physical activity among Iranian population aged 15-64 years. We used the data collected in National Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases in Iran, 2011. Physical activity was categorized in 3 levels of low, moderate, and high based on a Persian version of Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. The multistage cluster sampling design was accounted for using complex survey analysis method. The sample included 10016 individuals; 41.7% (n = 4178) were men and 58...
March 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527146/a-review-of-the-relationships-among-the-key-determinants-affecting-the-mental-health-disorders-of-the-people-in-greater-mekong-subregion-countries
#16
REVIEW
Manndy Nget, Kasorn Muijeen
Background: ASEAN integration aims to transform the GMS into a single market with free flows of products, services, and skilled labor, as well as investment openness, which will ultimately force regional economic growth. Therefore, this integration is likely to bring about a big change to this area in the new era; it can subsequently cause many problems as well, including mental health issues of the people in this region. The characteristic differences among the GMS member countries in terms of trade and investment, so-cial and cultural values, medical information and technology, and the living and working environment have become major problems affecting mental health disorders, which are usually identified as depression, stress, and substance abuse...
December 2017: Current Psychiatry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486344/spatiotemporal-analysis-of-pm-2-5-and-pancreatic-cancer-mortality-in-china
#17
Yanhong Wang, Mengmeng Li, Xia Wan, Yuanyuan Sun, Kailiang Cheng, Xinyu Zhao, Yuan Zheng, Gonghuan Yang, Li Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that the development of pancreatic cancer (PC) may be associated with environment pollution. But the relationship between ambient air pollution and PC remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between PC mortality and exposure of fine particular matter. METHODS: We used PC mortality data from 103 continuous points in national Disease Surveillance Point system from 1991 to 2009 in China...
July 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475843/global-economic-burden-of-diabetes-in-adults-projections-from-2015-to-2030
#18
Christian Bommer, Vera Sagalova, Esther Heesemann, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Rifat Atun, Till Bärnighausen, Justine Davies, Sebastian Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: Despite the importance of diabetes for global health, the future economic consequences of the disease remain opaque. We forecast the full global costs of diabetes in adults through the year 2030 and predict the economic consequences of diabetes if global targets under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and World Health Organization Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2013-2020 are met. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We modeled the absolute and gross domestic product (GDP)-relative economic burden of diabetes in individuals aged 20-79 years using epidemiological and demographic data, as well as recent GDP forecasts for 180 countries...
May 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459988/lifetime-prevalence-and-age-of-onset-of-mental-disorders-in-adults-from-the-argentinean-study-of-mental-health-epidemiology
#19
Alfredo H Cía, Juan Carlos Stagnaro, Sergio Aguilar Gaxiola, Horacio Vommaro, Gustavo Loera, María Elena Medina-Mora, Sebastían Sustas, Corina Benjet, Ronald C Kessler
PURPOSE: Although the Global Burden of Disease Study estimated that depressive disorders and anxiety disorders are the second and fifth leading causes of disability in Argentina, these estimates were based on imputations rather than epidemiological data. The policy implications of these results for the necessary expansion of mental health services in Argentina are sufficiently great that more direct estimates of the population burdens of common mental disorders are needed. Therefore, the purpose is to present the first results regarding lifetime prevalence, projected lifetime risk up to age 75, age-of-onset, cohort effects and socio-demographic correlates of DSM-IV mental disorders among adults (18+) from the general population of urban areas of Argentina...
April 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398897/perceptions-of-severe-storms-climate-change-ecological-structures-and-resiliency-three-years-post-hurricane-sandy-in-new-jersey
#20
Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld
Global warming is leading to increased frequency and severity of storms that are associated with flooding, increasing the risk to urban, coastal populations. This study examined perceptions of the relationship between severe storms, sea level rise, climate change and ecological barriers by a vulnerable environmental justice population in New Jersey. Patients using New Jersey's Federally Qualified Health Centers were interviewed after Hurricane [Superstorm] Sandy because it is essential to understand the perceptions of uninsured, underinsured, and economically challenged people to better develop a resiliency strategy for the most vulnerable people...
December 2017: Urban Ecosystems
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