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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615754/telepsychiatry-in-india-where-do-we-stand-a-comparative-review-between-global-and-indian-telepsychiatry-programs
#1
REVIEW
Subrata Naskar, Robin Victor, Himabrata Das, Kamal Nath
A wide discrepancy exists in India between the existing mental healthcare repertoire and the alarmingly high burden of individuals requiring immediate attention from requisite mental healthcare services. Providing equitable mental healthcare across a vast country characterized by profound cultural variations and territorial caveats has remained a major public health concern. Against this gloomy backdrop, the emergence of distant communications technology offers solace and optimism as an ingenious approach to bridge the existing gap between clients and mental health professionals...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588976/the-how-project-understanding-contextual-challenges-to-global-surgical-care-provision-in-low-resource-settings
#2
Nakul P Raykar, Rachel R Yorlets, Charles Liu, Roberta Goldman, Sarah L M Greenberg, Meera Kotagal, Paul E Farmer, John G Meara, Nobhojit Roy, Rowan D Gillies
INTRODUCTION: 5 billion people around the world do not have access to safe, affordable, timely surgical care. This series of qualitative interviews was launched by The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) with the aim of understanding the contextual challenges-the specific circumstances-faced by surgical care providers in low-resource settings who care for impoverished patients, and how those providers overcome these challenges. METHODS: From January 2014 to February 2015, 20 LCoGS collaborators conducted semistructured interviews with 148 surgical providers in low-resource settings in 21 countries...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584180/engaging-research-with-policy-and-action-what-are-the-challenges-of-responding-to-zoonotic-disease-in-africa
#3
REVIEW
Kevin Louis Bardosh, Jake Cornwall Scoones, Delia Grace, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Kate E Jones, Katinka de Balogh, David Waltner-Toews, Bernard Bett, Susan C Welburn, Elizabeth Mumford, Vupenyu Dzingirai
Zoonotic diseases will maintain a high level of public policy attention in the coming decades. From the spectre of a global pandemic to anxieties over agricultural change, urbanization, social inequality and threats to natural ecosystems, effectively preparing and responding to endemic and emerging diseases will require technological, institutional and social innovation. Much current discussion emphasizes the need for a 'One Health' approach: bridging disciplines and sectors to tackle these complex dynamics...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583154/a-cohort-analysis-of-neonatal-hospital-mortality-rate-and-predictors-of-neonatal-mortality-in-a-sub-urban-hospital-of-cameroon
#4
Paul Koki Ndombo, Quinta Mua Ekei, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Mazou Ngou Temgoua, Francky Teddy Endomba Angong, Ferdinand Ndom Ntock, Lawrence Mbuagbaw
BACKGROUND: In Cameroon, sustainable effort needs to be done to reduce the current neonatal mortality rate from 21 deaths per 1000 live births to the global target of fewer than ten deaths per 1000 live births by 2035. We aimed to determine the neonatal hospital mortality rate and predictors of neonatal hospital mortality (NHM) in a major referral sub-urban hospital of Cameroon in a bit to formulate interventions to curb this burden. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study consecutively enrolling all neonates admitted into the neonatology unit of the Bamenda Regional Hospital (BRH) from November 2015 to February 2016...
June 5, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582532/generating-global-political-priority-for-urban-health-the-role-of-the-urban-health-epistemic-community
#5
Yusra Ribhi Shawar, Lani G Crane
Over the past decade there has been much discussion of the challenges posed by rapid urbanization in the developing world; yet the health of the urban poor, and especially those residing in low- and middle-income countries, continues to receive little political priority in most developing countries and at the global level. This research applies social science scholarship and a public policy analytical framework to assess the factors that have challenged efforts to make health in urban poor settings a priority...
June 3, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554925/a-cross-sectional-study-on-prevalence-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-india-rationale-and-methods
#6
Prabu Rajkumar, Kamaraj Pattabi, Selvaraj Vadivoo, Arvind Bhome, Bill Brashier, Prashanta Bhattacharya, Sanjay M Mehendale
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common preventable and treatable chronic respiratory disease, which affects 210 million people globally. Global and national guidelines exist for the management of COPD. Although evidence-based, they are inadequate to address the phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity in India. Co-existence of other chronic respiratory diseases can adversely influence the prognosis of COPD.India has a huge burden of COPD with various risk factors and comorbid conditions...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547735/the-burden-of-headache-disorders-in-ethiopia-national-estimates-from-a-population-based-door-to-door-survey
#7
Mehila Zebenigus, Redda Tekle-Haimanot, Dawit K Worku, Hallie Thomas, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are the third-highest cause of disability worldwide, with migraine and medication-overuse headache (MOH) the major contributors. In Ethiopia we have shown these disorders to be highly prevalent: migraine 17.7%, TTH 20.6%, probable MOH (pMOH) 0.7%, any headache yesterday (HY) 6.4%. To inform local health policy, we now estimate disability and other burdens attributable to headache in this country. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey using cluster-randomized sampling, we visited households unannounced in four diverse regions (urban and rural) of Ethiopia...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529716/epidemiology-of-adulthood-drowning-deaths-in-bangladesh-findings-from-a-nationwide-health-and-injury-survey
#8
Mohammad Jahangir Hossain, Animesh Biswas, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Fazlur Rahman, Aminur Rahman
Background: Annual global death due to drowning accounts for 372,000 lives, 90% of which occur in low and middle income countries. Life in Bangladesh exposes adults and children to may water bodies for daily household needs, and as a result drowning is common. In Bangladesh, due to lack of systemic data collection, drowning among adults is unknown; most research is focused on childhood drowning. The aim of the present study was to explore the epidemiology of adulthood drowning deaths in Bangladesh. Methodology: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to December in 2003 among 171,366 rural and urban households, with a sample of 819,429 individuals to determine the epidemiology of adulthood drowning in Bangladesh...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520817/heat-in-the-southeastern-united-states-characteristics-trends-and-potential-health-impact
#9
Jeremy E Diem, Christine E Stauber, Richard Rothenberg
High summer temperatures in extratropical areas have an impact on the public's health, mainly through heat stress, high air pollution concentrations, and the transmission of tropical diseases. The purpose of this study is to examine the current characteristics of heat events and future projections of summer apparent temperature (AT)-and associated health concerns-throughout the southeastern United States. Synoptic climatology was used to assess the atmospheric characteristics of extreme heat days (EHDs) from 1979-2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438911/human-infectious-disease-burdens-decrease-with-urbanization-but-not-with-biodiversity
#10
Chelsea L Wood, Alex McInturff, Hillary S Young, DoHyung Kim, Kevin D Lafferty
Infectious disease burdens vary from country to country and year to year due to ecological and economic drivers. Recently, Murray et al. (Murray CJ et al 2012 Lancet380, 2197-2223. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61689-4)) estimated country-level morbidity and mortality associated with a variety of factors, including infectious diseases, for the years 1990 and 2010. Unlike other databases that report disease prevalence or count outbreaks per country, Murray et al. report health impacts in per-person disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), allowing comparison across diseases with lethal and sublethal health effects...
June 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417293/improvement-of-geographic-disparities-amelioration-or-displacement
#11
Dajun Dai, Richard Rothenberg, Ruiyan Luo, Scott R Weaver, Christine E Stauber
Progression of geographic disparities in social determinants of health is a global concern. Using an Urban Health Index (UHI) approach, we proposed a framework of examining the change of geographic disparities in social determinants in small areas. Using the City of Atlanta in Georgia (USA) as a case study, we standardized six census-based social determinant indicators in 2000 and in 2010, respectively, and calculated their geometric mean to assign each census tract a UHI value for 2000 and for 2010. We then evaluated the temporal change of the UHIs in relation to the demographic changes using spatial and statistical methods...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411064/health-benefits-of-a-reduction-of-pm10-and-no2-exposure-after-implementing-a-clean-air-plan-in-the-agglomeration-lausanne-morges
#12
Alberto Castro, Nino Künzli, Thomas Götschi
Exposure to urban air pollution has been associated with adverse effects on cardio-vascular and respiratory health, both short and long term. Consequently, governments have applied policies to reduce air pollution. Quantitative health impact assessments of hypothetic changes in air pollution have been conducted at national and global level, but assessments of observed air pollution changes associated with specific clean air policies at a local or regional scale remain scarce. This study estimates health impacts attributable to a decrease in PM10 and NO2 exposure in the Agglomeration of Lausanne-Morges (ALM), Switzerland, between 2005 and 2015, corresponding to the implementation period of a supra-municipal plan of measures to reduce air pollution in different sectors such as transport, energy, and industry (called Plan OPair 05)...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361472/a-global-perspective-of-fine-particulate-matter-pollution-and-its-health-effects
#13
Arideep Mukherjee, Madhoolika Agrawal
Fine particulate matter (PM) in the ambient air is implicated in a variety of human health issues throughout the globe. Regulation of fine PM in the atmosphere requires information on the dimension of the problem with respect to variations in concentrations and sources. To understand the current status of fine particles in the atmosphere and their potential harmful health effects in different regions of the world this review article was prepared based on peer-reviewed scientific papers, scientific reports, and database from government organizations published after the year 2000 to evaluate the global scenario of the PM2...
March 31, 2017: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338613/slum-upgrading-and-health-equity
#14
Jason Corburn, Alice Sverdlik
Informal settlement upgrading is widely recognized for enhancing shelter and promoting economic development, yet its potential to improve health equity is usually overlooked. Almost one in seven people on the planet are expected to reside in urban informal settlements, or slums, by 2030. Slum upgrading is the process of delivering place-based environmental and social improvements to the urban poor, including land tenure, housing, infrastructure, employment, health services and political and social inclusion...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334986/addressing-london-s-modern-urban-health-challenges-learning-from-other-global-cities
#15
Y G Doyle, A J Mills, M Korkodilos
Around 150 cities have emerged as notable at a global scale. With a global population of fewer than 12%, they generate 46% of world gross domestic product. There is growing interest in how cities can accelerate health improvements through wider social and economic collaboration. A team led by Public Health England in London visited counterparts in New York City and Paris to examine how city health leaders addressed public health challenges. The three cities have similar health challenges but different legal, political and fiscal resources for promoting and protecting health...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325240/cancer-care-access-and-outcomes-for-american-indian-populations-in-the-united-states-challenges-and-models-for-progress
#16
REVIEW
B Ashleigh Guadagnolo, Daniel G Petereit, C Norman Coleman
Low socioeconomic and health care access realities of being American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) in the United States combined with decades of data documenting poor cancer outcomes for this population provide a population nested within the United States that is analogous to the cancer care landscape of low- and middle-income countries internationally. We reviewed the medical literature with respect to cancer prevention, access to cancer treatment, and access to effective supportive and palliative care for AI/AN populations in the United States...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323854/the-unfinished-health-agenda-neonatal-mortality-in-cambodia
#17
Rathmony Hong, Pauline Yongeun Ahn, Frank Wieringa, Tung Rathavy, Ludovic Gauthier, Rathavuth Hong, Arnaud Laillou, Judit Van Geystelen, Jacques Berger, Etienne Poirot
BACKGROUND: Reduction of neonatal and under-five mortality rates remains a primary target in the achievement of universal health goals, as evident in renewed investments of Sustainable Development Goals. Various studies attribute declines in mortality to the combined effects of improvements in health care practices and changes in socio-economic factors. Since the early nineties, Cambodia has managed to evolve from a country devastated by war to a nation soon to enter the group of middle income countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321391/inadequate-utilization-of-prenatal-care-services-socioeconomic-status-and-educational-attainment-are-associated-with-low-birth-weight-in-zimbabwe
#18
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah
BACKGROUND: Globally, low birth weight (LBW) remains a leading cause of neonatal and infant mortality and poses significant challenges toward the progress of achieving infant mortality-related goals. Experience from developed countries shows that two major causes of LBW (premature delivery and intrauterine growth restriction) can be averted to a great extent by adequate utilization of maternal health-care services, during pregnancy. In this study, we attempt to measure the prevalence of LBW in Zimbabwe and explore the association between adequate utilization of prenatal care (PNC) services and LBW in Zimbabwe...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283120/estimating-the-prevalence-of-toxic-waste-sites-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Russell Dowling, Jack Caravanos, Patrick Grigsby, Anthony Rivera, Bret Ericson, Yaw Amoyaw-Osei, Bennett Akuffo, Richard Fuller
BACKGROUND: Exposure to heavy metals at contaminated industrial and mining sites, known also as hot spots, is a significant source of toxic exposure and adverse health outcomes in countries around the world. The Toxic Sites Identification Program (TSIP) developed by Pure Earth, a New York-based nongovernmental organization, is the only systematic effort to catalogue contaminated sites globally. To date, TSIP has identified and catalogued 3282 sites in low- and middle-income countries...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255837/is-the-2015-eye-care-service-delivery-profile-in-southeast-asia-closer-to-universal-eye-health-need
#20
Taraprasad Das, Peter Ackland, Marcelino Correia, Prut Hanutsaha, Palitha Mahipala, Phanindra B Nukella, Gopal P Pokharel, Abu Raihan, Gullapalli N Rao, Thulasiraj D Ravilla, Yudha D Sapkota, Gilbert Simanjuntak, Ngwang Tenzin, Ubeydulla Thoufeeq, Tin Win
PURPOSE: The year 2015 status of eye care service profile in Southeast Asia countries was compared with year 2010 data to determine the state of preparedness to achieve the World Health Organization global action plan 2019. METHODS: Information was collected from the International Agency for Prevention of Blindness country chairs and from the recent PubMed referenced articles. The data included the following: blindness and low vision prevalence, national eye health policy, eye health expenses, presence of international non-governmental organizations, density of eye health personnel, and the cataract surgical rate and coverage...
March 2, 2017: International Ophthalmology
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