keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Race Relations

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040342/area-level-poverty-race-ethnicity-dialysis-star-ratings
#1
Abhijit V Kshirsagar, Raj N Manickam, Yi Mu, Jennifer E Flythe, Andrew I Chin, Heejung Bang
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services recently released a five star rating system as part of 'Dialysis Facility Compare' to help patients identify and choose high performing clinics in the US. Eight dialysis-related measures determine ratings. Little is known about the association between surrounding community sociodemographic characteristics and star ratings. Using data from the U.S. Census and over 6000 dialysis clinics across the country, we examined the association between dialysis clinic star ratings and characteristics of the local population: 1) proportion of population below the federal poverty level (FPL); 2) proportion of black individuals; and 3) proportion of Hispanic individuals, by correlation and regression analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036606/socioeconomic-status-and-childhood-cancer-incidence-a-population-based-multilevel-analysis
#2
Rebecca D Kehm, Logan G Spector, Jenny N Poynter, David M Vock, Theresa L Osypuk
The etiology of childhood cancers remains largely unknown, especially regarding environmental and behavioral risk factors. Unpacking the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and incidence may offer insight into such etiology. We tested associations between SES and childhood cancer incidence in a population-based case-cohort study (source cohort: Minnesota birth registry, 1989-2014). Cases, 0-14 years, were linked from the Minnesota Cancer Surveillance System to birth records through probabilistic record linkage...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036280/invited-commentary-sex-race-differences-in-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-achieving-the-promise-of-sex-and-race-subgroup-analyses-in-epidemiologic-research
#3
Nathalie Moise, Alain G Bertoni
Diabetes confers a higher risk of cardiovascular disease in women than men. The reasons for these sex differences, such as poorer cardiovascular risk factor profiles, have received considerable attention. However, a recent report on sex-diabetes interactions on cardiovascular disease identified that few if any prior studies have confirmed these sex-differences in blacks, despite known diabetes-related disparities. In the current issue of the Journal, George et al. (2017) find marginally significant multiplicative sex by diabetes interactions in blacks but not whites after adjustments for traditional and behavioral risk factors, competing risk and change in diabetes status over time...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035600/effect-of-the-pacing-strategies-on-the-open-water-10km-world-swimming-championships-performances
#4
Luis Rodriguez, Santiago Veiga
PURPOSE: The aim of the present research was 1) to compare the pacing strategies of different level open water swimmers during the 10km race of the FINA 2015 World Swimming Championships (WCH), and 2) to relate these pacing strategies to the race performance. METHODS: Final and intermediate split times as well as intermediate race positions from the 10-kilometer race participants (69 men and 51 women) were collected from the public domain and were divided into five groups (G1 to G5) depending on their finishing positions...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035330/whites-but-not-blacks-gain-life-expectancy-from-social-contacts
#5
Shervin Assari
Background. Recent research suggests that the health gain from economic resources and psychological assets may be systematically larger for Whites than Blacks. Aim. This study aimed to assess whether the life expectancy gain associated with social contacts over a long follow up differs for Blacks and Whites. Methods. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. The sample was a nationally representative sample of American adults 25 and older, who were followed for up to 25 years (n = 3361)...
October 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035180/ten-year-trends-in-preventive-service-use-before-and-after-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-a-comparison-with-noncancer-controls
#6
Lauren P Wallner, Jeffrey M Slezak, Ronald K Loo, Roshan Bastani, Steven J Jacobsen
CONTEXT: Few studies have assessed the longer-term quality of preventive care in prostate cancer (PCa) survivors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of preventive services among PCa survivors five years before and after diagnosis, to men without PCa. DESIGN: Men enrolled in Kaiser Permanente Southern California with newly diagnosed PCa (2002-2008) were matched 1:1 to men without a PCa diagnosis on age, race, and timing of prostate-specific antigen test (N = 31,180)...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035107/maternal-social-disadvantage-and-newborn-telomere-length-in-archived-dried-blood-spots-from-the-michigan-neonatal-biobank
#7
Belinda L Needham, Margaret T Hicken, Ishtar O Govia, Colter Mitchell, Cleopatra M Abdou
Telomeres are the protective caps at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. Short telomere length is associated with morbidity and mortality among adults and may mark the biological impact of social experiences. Using archived dried blood spots from the Michigan Neonatal Biobank, this study examined markers of maternal social disadvantage (educational attainment, receipt of public assistance, marital status, and race/ethnicity) from linked birth certificates as predictors of telomere length at birth in a sample of 192 singleton neonates born to non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic white, and Latina mothers aged 20-35 years...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035103/racial-disparities-in-the-association-between-alcohol-use-disorders-and-health-in-black-and-white-women
#8
Yusuf Ransome, Denise C Carty, Courtney D Cogburn, David R Williams
Adverse health attributed to alcohol use disorders (AUD) is more pronounced among black than white women. We investigated whether socioeconomic status (education and income), health care factors (insurance, alcoholism treatment), or psychosocial stressors (stressful life events, racial discrimination, alcoholism stigma) could account for black-white differences in the association between AUD and physical and functional health among current women drinkers 25 years and older (N = 8,877) in the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034402/nanoprocess-and-nanoscale-surface-functionalization-on-cathode-materials-for-advanced-lithium-ion-batteries
#9
REVIEW
Pankaj Kumar Alaboina, Md-Jamal Uddin, Sung-Jin Cho
Nanotechnology-driven development of cathode materials is an essential part to revolutionize the evolution of the next generation lithium ion batteries. With the progress of nanoprocess and nanoscale surface modification investigations on cathode materials in recent years, the advanced battery technology future seems very promising - Thanks to nanotechnology. In this review, an overview of promising nanoscale surface deposition methods and their significance in surface functionalization on cathodes is extensively summarized...
October 16, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033298/passive-smoking-and-parkinson-s-disease-in-california-teachers
#10
N M Gatto, D Deapen, Y Bordelon, S Marshall, L Bernstein, B Ritz
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoking is consistently inversely associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) in men and women; recently this has been related to reverse causation, prompting questions as to whether similar patterns exist for passive smoke exposure. We used baseline and follow-up data from the California Teachers Study, a prospective cohort of women, to investigate whether timing, location and cumulative measures of intensity and duration of passive smoke exposure are associated with PD risk...
October 4, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032867/adherence-to-topical-treatment-of-glaucoma-risk-and-protective-factors-a-review
#11
M C Vélez-Gómez, E M Vásquez-Trespalacios
INTRODUCTION: Glaucoma is a chronic asymptomatic disease, progressing to loss of vision. Elevated intraocular pressure is the only modifiable factor. Adherence to glaucoma treatment varies from 2-80%. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors associated with adherence to topical glaucoma treatment reported in the literature, and to identify protective factors and risk factors, as well as modifiable and non-modifiable factors, in order to take them into account to perform interventions in adherence...
October 10, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032079/omega-6-fatty-acid-biomarkers-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-pooled-analysis-of-individual-level-data-for-39%C3%A2-740-adults-from-20-prospective-cohort-studies
#12
Jason H Y Wu, Matti Marklund, Fumiaki Imamura, Nathan Tintle, Andres V Ardisson Korat, Janette de Goede, Xia Zhou, Wei-Sin Yang, Marcia C de Oliveira Otto, Janine Kröger, Waqas Qureshi, Jyrki K Virtanen, Julie K Bassett, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Maria Lankinen, Rachel A Murphy, Kalina Rajaobelina, Liana C Del Gobbo, Nita G Forouhi, Robert Luben, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Anya Kalsbeek, Jenna Veenstra, Juhua Luo, Frank B Hu, Hung-Ju Lin, David S Siscovick, Heiner Boeing, Tzu-An Chen, Brian Steffen, Lyn M Steffen, Allison Hodge, Gudny Eriksdottir, Albert V Smith, Vilmunder Gudnason, Tamara B Harris, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Claudine Berr, Catherine Helmer, Cecilia Samieri, Markku Laakso, Michael Y Tsai, Graham G Giles, Tarja Nurmi, Lynne Wagenknecht, Matthias B Schulze, Rozenn N Lemaitre, Kuo-Liong Chien, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Johanna M Geleijnse, Qi Sun, William S Harris, Lars Lind, Johan Ärnlöv, Ulf Riserus, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: The metabolic effects of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) remain contentious, and little evidence is available regarding their potential role in primary prevention of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to assess the associations of linoleic acid and arachidonic acid biomarkers with incident type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We did a pooled analysis of new, harmonised, individual-level analyses for the biomarkers linoleic acid and its metabolite arachidonic acid and incident type 2 diabetes...
October 11, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030982/racial-disparities-in-comorbidity-and-severe-maternal-morbidity-mortality-in-the-united-states-an-analysis-of-temporal-trends
#13
Amy Metcalfe, James Wick, Paul Ronksley
INTRODUCTION: Severe maternal morbidity and mortality have increased in the USA in recent years. This trend has not been consistent across all racial groups. The reasons behind this, and the relationship between pre-existing conditions, pregnancy-associated disease and Severe maternal morbidity/mortality, have not been fully explored. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Annual data on delivery hospitalizations between 1993-2012 were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), representing a 20% sample of hospital discharges from across the USA...
October 14, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029250/actigraphy-derived-daily-rest-activity-patterns-and-body-mass-index-in-community-dwelling-adults
#14
Elizabeth M Cespedes Feliciano, Mirja Quante, Jia Weng, Jonathan A Mitchell, Peter James, Catherine R Marinac, Sara Mariani, Susan Redline, Jacqueline Kerr, Suneeta Godbole, Alicia Manteiga, Daniel Wang, J Aaron Hipp
Study Objectives: To examine associations between 24-hour rest-activity patterns and body mass index (BMI) among community-dwelling U.S. adults. Rest-activity patterns provide a field method to study exposures related to circadian rhythms. Methods: Adults (N=578) wore an actigraph on their non-dominant wrist for 7 days. Intradaily variability and interdaily stability, M10 (most active 10-hours), L5 (least active 5-hours) and relative amplitude (RA) were derived using non-parametric rhythm analysis...
October 4, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028836/affected-pathways-and-transcriptional-regulators-in-gene-expression-response-to-an-ultra-marathon-trail-global-and-independent-activity-approaches
#15
Maria Maqueda, Emma Roca, Daniel Brotons, Jose Manuel Soria, Alexandre Perera
Gene expression (GE) analyses on blood samples from marathon and half-marathon runners have reported significant impacts on the immune and inflammatory systems. An ultra-marathon trail (UMT) represents a greater effort due to its more testing conditions. For the first time, we report the genome-wide GE profiling in a group of 16 runners participating in an 82 km UMT competition. We quantified their differential GE profile before and after the race using HuGene2.0st microarrays (Affymetrix Inc., California, US)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028560/racial-discrimination-and-cortisol-output-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Kevin M Korous, José M Causadias, Deborah M Casper
RATIONALE: Although the relation between stress and physiology is well documented, attempts at understanding the link between racial discrimination and cortisol output, specifically, have produced mixed results, likely due to study characteristics such as racial/ethnic composition of the samples (e.g., African American, Latino), measures of discrimination, and research design (e.g., cross-sectional, experimental). OBJECTIVES: To estimate the overall association between racial discrimination and cortisol output among racial/ethnic minority individuals and to determine if the association between racial discrimination and cortisol output is moderated by age, race/ethnicity, type of discrimination measure, sex, and research design...
September 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028558/determinants-of-trust-in-the-flu-vaccine-for-african-americans-and-whites
#17
Vicki S Freimuth, Amelia M Jamison, Ji An, Gregory R Hancock, Sandra Crouse Quinn
Trust is thought to be a major factor in vaccine decisions, but few studies have empirically tested the role of trust in adult immunization. Utilizing a 2015 national survey of African American and White adults (n = 1630), we explore multiple dimensions of trust related to influenza immunization, including generalized trust, trust in the flu vaccine, and trust in the vaccine production process. We find African Americans report lower trust than Whites across all trust measures. When considering demographic, racial, and ideological predictors, generalized trust shows statistically significant effects on both trust in the flu vaccine and trust in the vaccine process...
October 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027898/surgery-versus-antibiotics-for-uncomplicated-appendicitis-which-would-a-medical-student-want
#18
Alison R Althans, Pierre Tamer, Justin T Brady, Emily Steinhagen, Vanessa P Ho
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that treatment of acute, uncomplicated appendicitis (AUA) with antibiotics is as effective as surgery. A 2015 study indicated that more than 50% of patients would choose antibiotic therapy. Medical students represent a unique population of potential patients with greater medical knowledge than the general public and possibly less bias than practicing physicians. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate what the MEDICAL STUDENT'S treatment choice for AUA would be and what factors influence these decisions...
October 13, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027867/unplanned-readmission-within-90-days-after-pediatric-neurosurgery
#19
Silky Chotai, Bradley S Guidry, Emily W Chan, Katherine D Sborov, Stephen Gannon, Chevis Shannon, Christopher M Bonfield, John C Wellons, Robert P Naftel
OBJECTIVE Readmission and return to operating room after surgery are increasingly being used as a proxy for quality of care. Nearly 60% of these readmissions are unplanned, which translates into billions of dollars in health care costs. The authors set out to analyze the incidence of readmission at their center, to define causes of unplanned readmission, and to determine the preoperative and surgical variables associated with readmissions following pediatric neurosurgery. METHODS A total of 536 children who underwent operations for neurosurgical diagnoses between 2012 and 2015 and who were later readmitted were included in the final analysis...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026972/retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-for-testicular-seminomas-population-based-practice-and-survival-outcomes
#20
Hiten D Patel, Gregory A Joice, Zeyad R Schwen, Alice Semerjian, Ridwan Alam, Arnav Srivastava, Mohamad E Allaf, Phillip M Pierorazio
PURPOSE: While retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is traditionally reserved for nonseminomatous germ cell tumors, recent efforts to reduce long-term toxicities of radiation and chemotherapy have turned attention to its application for testicular seminomas. Currently, RPLND is reserved for the post-chemotherapy for stage II testicular seminomas; we aimed to describe current utilization of RPNLD for testicular seminomas by stage and implications for survival. METHODS: A national sample of men diagnosed with stage IA/IB/IS/IIA/IIB/IIC testicular seminoma (1988-2013) was evaluated from SEER Program registries...
October 12, 2017: World Journal of Urology
keyword
keyword
114255
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"