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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685902/can-pay-for-performance-to-primary-care-providers-stimulate-appropriate-use-of-antibiotics
#1
Lina Maria Ellegård, Jens Dietrichson, Anders Anell
Antibiotic resistance is a major threat to public health worldwide. As the healthcare sector's use of antibiotics is an important contributor to the development of resistance, it is crucial that physicians only prescribe antibiotics when needed and that they choose narrow-spectrum antibiotics, which act on fewer bacteria types, when possible. Inappropriate use of antibiotics is nonetheless widespread, not least for respiratory tract infections (RTI), a common reason for antibiotics prescriptions. We examine if pay-for-performance (P4P) presents a way to influence primary care physicians' choice of antibiotics...
July 7, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685850/return-on-investment-roi-analyses-of-an-inpatient-lay-health-worker-model-on-30-day-readmission-rates-in-a-rural-community-hospital
#2
Roberto Cardarelli, Gregory Bausch, Joan Murdock, Michelle Renee Chyatte
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the return-on-investment (ROI) of an inpatient lay health worker (LHW) model in a rural Appalachian community hospital impacting 30-day readmission rates. METHODS: The Bridges to Home (BTH) study completed an evaluation in 2015 of an inpatient LHW model in a rural Kentucky hospital that demonstrated a reduction in 30-day readmission rates by 47.7% compared to a baseline period. Using the hospital's utilization and financial data, a validated ROI calculator specific to care transition programs was used to assess the ROI of the BTH model comparing 3 types of payment models including Diagnosis Related Group (DRG)-only payments, pay-for-performance (P4P) contracts, and accountable care organizations (ACOs)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583141/characterization-and-effectiveness-of-pay-for-performance-in-ophthalmology-a-systematic-review
#3
Tim Herbst, Martin Emmert
BACKGROUND: To identify, characterize and compare existing pay-for-performance approaches and their impact on the quality of care and efficiency in ophthalmology. METHODS: A systematic evidence-based review was conducted. English, French and German written literature published between 2000 and 2015 were searched in the following databases: Medline (via PubMed), NCBI web site, Scopus, Web of Knowledge, Econlit and the Cochrane Library. Empirical as well as descriptive articles were included...
June 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531317/a-diabetes-pay-for-performance-program-and-the-competing-causes-of-death-among-cancer-survivors-with-type-2-diabetes-in-taiwan
#4
Hui-Min Hsieh, Herng-Chia Chiu, Yi-Ting Lin, Shyi-Jang Shin
Objective: To examine associations between a diabetes pay-for-performance (P4P) program in Taiwan and all-cause of mortality and competing causes of death in cancer survivors with type 2 diabetes. Design: A longitudinal observational intervention and comparison group study design. Setting and participants: Cancer survivors with type 2 diabetes who enrolled in the P4P program compared with survivors who did not participate (non-P4P) under the Taiwan National Health Insurance program...
May 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486670/economic-evaluation-of-a-pre-esrd-pay-for-performance-programme-in-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#5
Hui-Min Hsieh, Ming-Yen Lin, Yi-Wen Chiu, Ping-Hsun Wu, Li-Jeng Cheng, Feng-Shiuan Jian, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Shang-Jyh Hwang
Background: The National Health Insurance Administration in Taiwan initiated a nationwide pre-end-stage renal disease (ESRD) pay-for-performance (P4P) programme at the end of 2006 to improve quality of care for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This study aimed to examine this programme's effect on patients' clinical outcomes and its cost-effectiveness among advanced CKD patients. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal observational matched cohort study using two nationwide population-based datasets...
November 10, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482090/p4p-a-peptidome-based-strain-level-genome-comparison-web-tool
#6
Aitor Blanco-Míguez, Florentino Fdez-Riverola, Anália Lourenço, Borja Sánchez
Peptidome similarity analysis enables researchers to gain insights into differential peptide profiles, providing a robust tool to discriminate strain-specific peptides, true intra-species differences among biological replicates or even microorganism-phenotype variations. However, no in silico peptide fingerprinting software existed to facilitate such phylogeny inference. Hence, we developed the Peptidomes for Phylogenies (P4P) web tool, which enables the survey of similarities between microbial proteomes and simplifies the process of obtaining new biological insights into their phylogeny...
May 8, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322095/therapeutic-inertia-and-intensified-treatment-in-diabetes-mellitus-prescription-patterns-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#7
Li-Ying Huang, Hseng-Long Yeh, Ming-Chin Yang, Wen-Yi Shau, Syi Su, Mei-Shu Lai
Objective To measure therapeutic inertia by characterizing prescription patterns using secondary data obtained from the nationwide diabetes mellitus pay-for-performance (DM-P4P) programme in Taiwan. Methods Using reimbursement claims from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, a nationwide retrospective cohort study was undertaken of patients with diabetes mellitus who participated in the DM-P4P programme from 2006-2008. Glycosylated haemoglobin results were used to evaluate modifications in therapy in response to poor diabetes control...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257886/effects-of-payment-for-performance-on-accountability-mechanisms-evidence-from-pwani-tanzania
#8
Iddy Mayumana, Jo Borghi, Laura Anselmi, Masuma Mamdani, Siri Lange
Payment for Performance (P4P) aims to improve provider motivation to perform better, but little is known about the effects of P4P on accountability mechanisms. We examined the effect of P4P in Tanzania on internal and external accountability mechanisms. We carried out 93 individual in-depth interviews, 9 group interviews and 19 Focus Group Discussions in five intervention districts in three rounds of data collection between 2011 and 2013. We carried out surveys in 150 health facilities across Pwani region and four control districts, and interviewed 200 health workers, before the scheme was introduced and 13 months later...
February 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253540/payment-methods-for-outpatient-care-facilities
#9
REVIEW
Beibei Yuan, Li He, Qingyue Meng, Liying Jia
BACKGROUND: Outpatient care facilities provide a variety of basic healthcare services to individuals who do not require hospitalisation or institutionalisation, and are usually the patient's first contact. The provision of outpatient care contributes to immediate and large gains in health status, and a large portion of total health expenditure goes to outpatient healthcare services. Payment method is one of the most important incentive methods applied by purchasers to guide the performance of outpatient care providers...
March 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245660/patients-with-diabetes-in-pay-for-performance-programs-have-better-physician-continuity-of-care-and-survival
#10
Chien-Chou Pan, Pei-Tseng Kung, Li-Ting Chiu, Yu Pei Liao, Wen-Chen Tsai
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effects of physician continuity, measured as the Continuity of Care Index (COCI) score, on the survival of patients with diabetes, including both pay-for-performance (P4P) participants and nonparticipants. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, nationwide population-based analysis of 396,838 patients with diabetes, with 198,419 subjects each in the P4P participant and nonparticipant groups, from 1997 to 2009, in Taiwan. METHODS: The data presented in this study are secondary data obtained from the 1997 to 2009 National Health Insurance Research Database published by the Taiwan National Health Research Institute...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239220/incentivizing-cost-effective-reductions-in-hospital-readmission-rates
#11
James C Cox, Vjollca Sadiraj, Kurt E Schnier, John F Sweeney
The recent regulatory changes enacted by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) have identified hospital readmission rates as a critical healthcare quality metric. This research focuses on the utilization of pay-for-performance (P4P) mechanisms to cost effectively reduce hospital readmission rates and meet the regulatory standards set by CMS. Using the experimental economics laboratory we find that both of the P4P mechanisms researched, bonus and bundled payments, cost-effectively meet the performance criteria set forth by CMS...
November 2016: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226301/the-influence-of-welfare-systems-on-pay-for-performance-programs-for-general-practitioners-a-critical-review
#12
REVIEW
Mehdi Ammi, Grant Fortier
While pay-for-performance (P4P) programs are increasingly common tools used to foster quality and efficiency in primary care, the evidence concerning their effectiveness is at best mixed. In this article, we explore the influence of welfare systems on four P4P-related dimensions: the level of healthcare funders' commitment to P4Ps (by funding and length of program operation), program design (specifically target-based vs. participation-based program), physicians' acceptance of the program and program effects...
April 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148305/understanding-causal-pathways-within-health-systems-policy-evaluation-through-mediation-analysis-an-application-to-payment-for-performance-p4p-in-tanzania
#13
Laura Anselmi, Peter Binyaruka, Josephine Borghi
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of payment for performance (P4P) programmes has focused mainly on understanding contributions to health service coverage, without unpacking causal mechanisms. The overall aim of the paper is to test the causal pathways through which P4P schemes may (or may not) influence maternal care outcomes. METHODS: We used data from an evaluation of a P4P programme in Tanzania. Data were collected from a sample of 3000 women who delivered in the 12 months prior to interview and 200 health workers at 150 health facilities from seven intervention and four comparison districts in Tanzania in January 2012 and in February 2013...
February 2, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114600/the-effects-of-pay-for-performance-programs-on-health-health-care-use-and-processes-of-care-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Aaron Mendelson, Karli Kondo, Cheryl Damberg, Allison Low, Makalapua Motúapuaka, Michele Freeman, Maya O'Neil, Rose Relevo, Devan Kansagara
Background: The benefits of pay-for-performance (P4P) programs are uncertain. Purpose: To update and expand a prior review examining the effects of P4P programs targeted at the physician, group, managerial, or institutional level on process-of-care and patient outcomes in ambulatory and inpatient settings. Data Sources: PubMed from June 2007 to October 2016; MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Business Economics and Theory, Business Source Elite, Scopus, Faculty of 1000, and Gartner Research from June 2007 to February 2016...
March 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110265/comparative-effectiveness-of-two-disparate-policies-on-child-health-experimental-evidence-from-the-philippines
#15
John W Peabody, Stella Quimbo, Jhiedon Florentino, Riti Shimkhada, Xylee Javier, David Paculdo, Dean Jamison, Orville Solon
Background  : Should health systems invest more in access to care by expanding insurance coverage or in health care services including improving the quality of care? Comparing these options experimentally would shed light on the impact and cost-effectiveness of these strategies. Methods  : The Quality Improvement Demonstration Study (QIDS) was a randomized policy experiment conducted across 30 districts in the Philippines. The study had a control group and two policy intervention groups intended to improve the health of young children...
May 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097711/pharmacists-perceptions-of-pay-for-performance-versus-fee-for-service-remuneration-for-the-management-of-hypertension-through-pharmacist-prescribing
#16
Meagen M Rosenthal, Nimisha Desai, Sherilyn K D Houle
OBJECTIVES: As pharmacists expand their roles as patient care providers, remuneration must be offered for patient care activities apart from dispensing. Most jurisdictions paying for such services utilize the fee-for-service (FFS) model, while little is known about the role of pay for performance (P4P) within the pharmacy profession. This study aimed to elicit the experience of pharmacists practicing under both models within the Alberta Clinical Trial in Optimizing Hypertension (RxACTION) study in Alberta, Canada...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005224/effect-of-pay-for-performance-on-cervical-cancer-screening-participation-in-france
#17
Panayotis Constantinou, Jonathan Sicsic, Carine Franc
Pay-for-performance (P4P) has been increasingly used across different healthcare settings to incentivize the provision of targeted services. In this study, we investigated the effect of a nationwide P4P scheme for general practitioners implemented in 2012 in France, on cervical cancer screening practices. Using data from a nationally representative permanent sample of health insurance beneficiaries, we analyzed smear test use of eligible women for the years 2006-2014. Our longitudinal sample was an unbalanced panel comprising 180,167 women eligible from 1 to 9 years each...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928874/improving-quality-of-care-through-payment-for-performance-examining-effects-on-the-availability-and-stock-out-of-essential-medical-commodities-in-tanzania
#18
Peter Binyaruka, Josephine Borghi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of payment for performance (P4P) on the availability and stock-out rate of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) medical commodities in Tanzania and assess the distributional effects. METHODS: The availability of RMNCH commodities (medicines, supplies and equipment) on the day of the survey, and stock-outs for at least one day in the 90 days prior to the survey, was measured in 75 intervention and 75 comparison facilities in January 2012 and 13 months later...
January 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914316/does-the-proportion-of-pay-linked-to-performance-affect-the-job-satisfaction-of-general-practitioners
#19
Thomas Allen, William Whittaker, Matt Sutton
There is concern that pay-for-performance (P4P) can negatively affect general practitioners (GPs) by reducing their autonomy, increasing their wage dispersion or eroding their intrinsic motivation. This is especially a concern for the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF), a highly powered P4P scheme for UK GPs. The QOF affected all GPs but the exposure of their income to P4P varied. GPs did not know their level of exposure before the QOF was introduced and could not choose or manage it. We examine whether changes in GPs' job satisfaction before and after the introduction of the QOF in 2004 were correlated with the proportion of their income that became exposed to P4P...
January 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905941/financing-strategies-to-improve-essential-public-health-equalization-and-its-effects-in-china
#20
Li Yang, Li Sun, Liankui Wen, Huyang Zhang, Chenyang Li, Kara Hanson, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, China launched a health reform to promote the equalization of national essential public health services package (NEPHSP). The present study aimed to describe the financing strategies and mechanisms to improve access to public health for all, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches, and showed evidence on equity improvement among different regions. METHODS: We reviewed the relevant literatures and identified 208 articles after screening and quality assessment and conducted six key informants' interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
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