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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908436/adverse-experiences-in-infancy-and-toddlerhood-relations-to-adaptive-behavior-and-academic-status-in-middle-childhood
#1
Lorraine M McKelvey, Nicola Conners Edge, Glenn R Mesman, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Robert H Bradley
Findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study articulated the negative effects of childhood trauma on long-term well-being. The purpose of the current study is to examine the associations between ACEs experienced in infancy and toddlerhood and adaptive behavior and academic status in middle childhood. We used data collected from a sample of low-income families during the impacts study of Early Head Start (EHS). Data were collected by trained interviewers demonstrating at least 85% reliability with protocols...
June 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907128/protecting-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-from-interpersonal-violence-pro-youth-trial-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-strengthening-families-programme-10-14-familias-fuertes-in-panama
#2
Anilena Mejia, Richard Emsley, Eleonora Fichera, Wadih Maalouf, Jeremy Segrott, Rachel Calam
BACKGROUND: Interpersonal violence can significantly reduce adolescents' opportunities for becoming happy and healthy adults. Central America is the most violent region in the world and it is estimated that adolescents are involved in 82% of all homicides in this region. Family skills training programmes have been designed to prevent interpersonal violence in adolescents. Several studies in high-income countries suggest they are effective. However, there are no published trials assessing effectiveness of these programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
June 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903853/consenting-to-invasive-contraceptives-an-ethical-analysis-of-adolescent-decision-making-authority-for-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#3
Rosemary Talbot Behmer Hansen, Kavita Shah Arora
Since USA constitutional precedent established in 1976, adolescents have increasingly been afforded the right to access contraception without first obtaining parental consent or authorisation. There is general agreement this ethically permissible. However, long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods have only recently been prescribed to the adolescent population. They are currently the most effective forms of contraception available and have high compliance and satisfaction rates. Yet unlike other contraceptives, LARCs are associated with special procedural risks because they must be inserted and removed by trained healthcare providers...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902697/promoting-young-children-s-interpersonal-safety-knowledge-intentions-confidence-and-protective-behavior-skills-outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Codi White, Dianne C Shanley, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Kerryann Walsh, Russell Hawkins, Katrina Lines, Haley Webb
Promoting young children's interpersonal safety knowledge, intentions confidence and skills is the goal of many child maltreatment prevention programs; however, evaluation of their effectiveness has been limited. In this study, a randomized controlled trial was conducted examining the effectiveness of the Australian protective behaviors program, Learn to be safe with Emmy and friends™ compared to a waitlist condition. In total, 611 Australian children in Grade 1 (5-7 years; 50% male) participated, with assessments at Pre-intervention, Post-intervention and a 6-month follow-up...
June 11, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902032/use-of-the-who-s-perceived-well-being-index-who-5-as-an-efficient-and-potentially-valid-screen-for-depression-in-a-low-income-country
#5
Ann F Garland, Negussie Deyessa, Menelik Desta, Atalay Alem, Tigist Zerihun, Kristopher G Hall, Nicole Goren, Irving Fish
Introduction : Depression is associated with negative social, economic, and family outcomes and the majority of individuals with depression in low and middle income countries (LMICs) are untreated. A critical first step in bridging the treatment gap is accurate, feasible, and culturally appropriate screening to identify those who need treatment. The WHO's Perceived Well-Being Index (WHO-5) well-being instrument can potentially meet the screening needs of LMICs in primary care and community-based settings. This study tested the feasibility and validity of this tool to identify depression among adult parents of young children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901628/3d-printing-of-intracranial-aneurysm-based-on-intracranial-digital-subtraction-angiography-and-its-clinical-application
#6
Jian-Li Wang, Zi-Gang Yuan, Guo-Liang Qian, Wu-Qiao Bao, Guo-Liang Jin
The study aimed to develop simulation models including intracranial aneurysmal and parent vessel geometries, as well as vascular branches, through 3D printing technology. The simulation models focused on the benefits of aneurysmal treatments and clinical education. This prospective study included 13 consecutive patients who suffered from intracranial aneurysms confirmed by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in the Neurosurgery Department of Shaoxing People's Hospital. The original 3D-DSA image data were extracted through the picture archiving and communication system and imported into Mimics...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898698/validity-and-reliability-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-present-and-lifetime-version-dsm-5-k-sads-pl-5-spanish-version
#7
Francisco R de la Peña, Lino R Villavicencio, Juan D Palacio, Fernando J Félix, Marcela Larraguibel, Laura Viola, Silvia Ortiz, Marcos Rosetti, Andrea Abadi, Cecilia Montiel, Pablo A Mayer, Sofía Fernández, Aurora Jaimes, Miriam Feria, Liz Sosa, Andrés Rodríguez, Patricia Zavaleta, Daniela Uribe, Frinne Galicia, Diana Botero, Santiago Estrada, Arturo F Berber, Macarena Pi-Davanzo, Consuelo Aldunate, Gabriela Gómez, Ivannah Campodónico, Paula Tripicchio, Ignacio Gath, Manuel Hernández, Lino Palacios, Rosa E Ulloa
BACKGROUND: There are various language adaptations of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). In order to comply with the changes in DSM classification, the Spanish edition of the interview was in need of update and evaluation. METHODS: K-SADS-PL was adapted to correspond to DSM-5 categories. All clinicians received training, and a 90% agreement was reached. Patients and their parents or guardians were interviewed and videotaped, and the videos were exchanged between raters...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895740/kids-safe-and-smokefree-kiss-multilevel-intervention-to-reduce-child-tobacco-smoke-exposure-long-term-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Stephen J Lepore, Bradley N Collins, Donna L Coffman, Jonathan P Winickoff, Uma S Nair, Beth Moughan, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Daniel Taylor, David Fleece, Melissa Godfrey
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians following clinical practice guidelines for tobacco intervention (“Ask, Advise, and Refer” [AAR]) can motivate parents to reduce child tobacco smoke exposure (TSE). However, brief clinic interventions are unable to provide the more intensive, evidence-based behavioral treatments that facilitate the knowledge, skills, and confidence that parents need to both reduce child TSE and quit smoking. We hypothesized that a multilevel treatment model integrating pediatric clinic-level AAR with individual-level, telephone counseling would promote greater long-term (12-month) child TSE reduction and parent smoking cessation than clinic-level AAR alone...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893432/factors-that-have-an-impact-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-related-to-kangaroo-care-national-survey-study-among-neonatal-nurses
#9
Qingqi Deng, Yao Zhang, Qiufang Li, Hua Wang, Xinfen Xu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore factors that impact nurses' knowledge, perceptions, and practice related to kangaroo care (KC) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in China. BACKGROUND: It is recognized extensively that KC is an effective intervention for improving the outcomes of preterm infants and has been recommended as a routine practice for neonatal care. However, this practice is uncommon in China and little is known about neonatal nurses' knowledge and attitude...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890475/non-target-screening-to-trace-ozonation-transformation-products-in-a-wastewater-treatment-train-including-different-post-treatments
#10
Jennifer E Schollée, Marc Bourgin, Urs von Gunten, Christa S McArdell, Juliane Hollender
Ozonation and subsequent post-treatments are increasingly implemented in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) for enhanced micropollutant abatement. While this technology is effective, micropollutant oxidation leads to the formation of ozonation transformation products (OTPs). Target and suspect screening provide information about known parent compounds and known OTPs, but for a more comprehensive picture, non-target screening is needed. Here, sampling was conducted at a full-scale WWTP to investigate OTP formation at four ozone doses (2, 3, 4, and 5 mg/L, ranging from 0...
May 25, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890299/feasibility-of-a-play-based-intervention-set-for-toddlers-with-autism
#11
Cooper R Woodard, Jin Chung
The Meta-play Method is a play-based, naturalistic set of interventions designed to decrease the symptoms associated with autism in toddlers. The purpose of the present study was to explore the feasibility of using this intervention set with a small group of toddlers and their parents. We selected seven toddlers diagnosed with autism and tested these children for autism severity and severity of repetitive behaviors. Parents were trained on the basic concepts of DBTA and the Meta-play activities. Researchers reviewed the integrity of interventions at once- or twice-monthly home visits for a six-month period, and recorded progress as rated by the parent...
June 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888088/using-a-bedside-interactive-technology-to-solicit-and-record-pediatric-pain-reassessments-parent-and-nursing-perspectives-on-a-novel-workflow
#12
Raniah N Aldekhyyel, Genevieve B Melton, Gretchen Hultman, Michael B Pitt
To measure the impact of a novel interactive inpatient pediatric pain management solution integrating our hospital's electronic health record system, the nurse communication phones, and the pharmacy dispensing system, we assessed parent and nurse perspectives on the tool's potential value, benefits, and challenges. A mixed-methods approach with survey instruments containing closed-ended and open-ended questions was administered to 30 parents and 59 nurses (66% and 23% response rate respectively). Overall, parents were more satisfied with the interactive technology experience (90%) compared to nurses (50%) with both indicating timely reassessments of pain being the most valuable feature...
2018: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884212/training-executive-attention-and-motor-skills-teams-training-versus-standard-treatment-for-preschool-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#13
Helle Annette Vibholm, Jesper Pedersen, Erlend Faltinsen, Michael H Marcussen, Christian Gluud, Ole Jakob Storebø
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effectiveness of manualised training, executive, attention, and motor skills (TEAMS) training versus standard treatment in preschool children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We conducted a randomised parallel group, single-blinded, superiority trial. The primary outcome was ADHD symptoms and the secondary outcome was functionality. Parents and primary school teachers assessed outcomes at pretreatment, posttreatment, and at one, three, and 6 months follow-up...
June 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884160/community-based-training-of-medical-students-is-associated-with-malaria-prevention-and-treatment-seeking-behaviour-for-children-under-5-years-in-uganda-a-study-of-mesau-mepi-cobers-in-uganda
#14
James Henry Obol, Peter Akera, Pamela Atim Ochola, Wilfred Arubaku, Hussein Oria, Kenneth Luryama Moi, Denis Anywar Arony, Kaducu Felix
BACKGROUND: Four university medical training institutions in Uganda have trained students at off-site health facilities under community-based education and Research Service (COBERS) programme for over 5 years. One of the major components of COBERS placement is for the students to provide health education in the communities about malaria as a major public health disease in Uganda. This study seeks to assess if targeted community-based medical education programme is associated with better prevention and treatment seeking behaviours in the management of malaria, a leading cause of morbidity and mortality of children under five in Uganda...
June 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883200/the-disaster-information-needs-of-families-of-children-with-special-healthcare-needs-a-scoping-review
#15
Thomas J Hipper, Renee Davis, Philip M Massey, Renee M Turchi, Keri M Lubell, Laura E Pechta, Dale A Rose, Amy Wolkin, Lisa Briseño, Jessica L Franks, Esther Chernak
Families with children who have access and mobility challenges, chronic illness, or intellectual or developmental disabilities require targeted messages before, during, and after disasters to ensure that they understand risks to their children's health and can take measures to avoid harm and build resilience. A scoping review was conducted to assess current evidence for optimal ways to address the disaster information needs and communication preferences of families with children and youth with special healthcare needs...
June 8, 2018: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880562/family-networks-and-infant-health-promotion-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-from-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-rural-malawi
#16
Molly Scott, Bansi Malde, Carina King, Tambosi Phiri, Hilda Chapota, Esther Kainja, Florida Banda, Marcos Vera-Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: Parents may rely on information provided by extended family members when making decisions concerning the health of their children. We evaluate whether extended family members affected the success of an information intervention promoting infant health. METHODS: This is a secondary, sequential mixed-methods study based on a cluster randomised controlled trial of a peer-led home-education intervention conducted in Mchinji District, Malawi. We used linear multivariate regression to test whether the intervention impact on child height-for-age z-scores (HAZ) was influenced by extended family members...
June 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879186/assessing-the-perspectives-of-users-and-beneficiaries-of-a-community-health-worker-mhealth-tracking-system-for-mothers-and-children-in-rwanda
#17
Angele Musabyimana, Hinda Ruton, Erick Gaju, Atakilt Berhe, Karen A Grépin, Joseph Ngenzi, Emmanuel Nzabonimana, Celestin Hategeka, Michael R Law
INTRODUCTION: Mobile Health (mHealth) programs have increasingly been used to tackle maternal and child health problems in low and middle income countries. However, few studies have evaluated how these programs have been perceived by intended users and beneficiaries. Therefore, we explored perceptions of healthcare officials and beneficiaries regarding RapidSMS Rwanda, an mHealth system used by Community Health Workers (CHWs) that was scaled up nationwide in 2013. METHODS: We conducted key informant interviews and focus group discussions with key stakeholders, providers, and beneficiaries of maternal and child health services at both the national and community levels...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877721/implementing-an-evidence-based-intervention-for-children-in-europe-evaluating-the-full-transfer-approach
#18
Margrét Sigmarsdóttir, Marion S Forgatch, Edda Vikar Guðmundsdóttir, Örnólfur Thorlacius, Gøye Thorn Svendsen, Jolle Tjaden, Abigail H Gewirtz
This study evaluated the implementation outcomes of GenerationPMTO, an evidence-based parenting intervention for child and adolescent behavior problems, in three European countries. The implementation approach was full transfer, in which purveyors train a first generation (G1) of practitioners; adopting sites assume oversight, training, certification, and fidelity assessment for subsequent generations (Forgatch & DeGarmo, 2011; Forgatch & Gewirtz, 2017). Three hundred therapists participated in trainings in GenerationPMTO in Iceland, Denmark, and the Netherlands...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876589/optimal-cross-selection-for-long-term-genetic-gain-in-two-part-programs-with-rapid-recurrent-genomic-selection
#19
Gregor Gorjanc, R Chris Gaynor, John M Hickey
Key message Optimal cross selection increases long-term genetic gain of two-part programs with rapid recurrent genomic selection. It achieves this by optimising efficiency of converting genetic diversity into genetic gain through reducing the loss of genetic diversity and reducing the drop of genomic prediction accuracy with rapid cycling. This study evaluates optimal cross selection to balance selection and maintenance of genetic diversity in two-part plant breeding programs with rapid recurrent genomic selection...
June 6, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873809/a-progressive-model-for-teaching-children-with-autism-to-follow-gaze-shift
#20
Kristin V Gunby, John T Rapp, Melissa M Bottoni
Gunby, Rapp, Bottoni, Marchese and Wu () taught three children with autism spectrum disorder to follow an instructor's gaze shift to select a specific item; however, Gunby et al. used different types of prompts with each participant. To address this limitation, we used a progressive training model for increasing gaze shift for three children with autism spectrum disorder. Results show that each participant learned to follow an adult's shift in gaze to make a correct selection. In addition, two participants displayed the skill in response to a parent's gaze shift and with only social consequences; however, the third participant required verbal instruction and tangible reinforcement to demonstrate the skill outside of training sessions...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
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