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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668146/-adolescents-suffering-from-anorexia-nervosa-an-evidence-based-approach-of-the-parent-s-role-in-2018
#1
Sophie Vust, Solange Cook-Darzens, Françoise Lier, Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin
A new paradigm in the management of adolescents with eating disorders promotes different treatment orientations aiming at increasing therapeutic effectiveness as well as offering a more integrated and coherent care for families. Particular attention is given to the process of refeeding to avoid the severe somatic sequelae of eating disorder and the risk of a chronic course for a disorder which is well known for its « addictive » power and influence. The parents and the need for a strong alliance with the healthcare team stand at the centre of this new paradigm...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667301/the-feasibility-of-using-the-brighthearts-biofeedback-assisted-relaxation-application-for-the-management-of-pediatric-procedural-pain-a-pilot-study
#2
Karen L O Burton, Angela M Morrow, Brooke V Beswick, George P Khut
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to assess the acceptability and feasibility of using BrightHearts, a biofeedback-assisted relaxation application (app), in children undergoing painful procedures. METHODS: Thirty children 7 to 18 years of age undergoing a medical procedure (peripheral blood collection, botulinum toxin injection, or intravenous cannula insertion) participated. Participants used BrightHearts, a heart rate-controlled biofeedback-assisted relaxation training app delivered via an iPad with heart rate measured through a pulse oximeter worn on the ear or thumb...
April 17, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664504/contribution-of-the-use-of-basic-telemedicine-tools-to-the-care-of-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-at-the-puerto-montt-hospital-chile
#3
A S Strickler, J Palma, R Charris, T Candia, M Grez, B González, A King, V Rivera
Children and adolescents with rheumatologic diseases require specialized and comprehensive care, but pediatric rheumatologists and immunologists are concentrated in hospitals with specific, high-cost and modern technology. Considering that some patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) live in rural, remote and limited accessibility areas, the use of Telemedicine (TM) can optimize diag nosis, follow-up and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: Reporting 10 years of experience of a mixed care model: face-to-face and distance, using basic TM; the institutional impact, advantages, disadvantages and acceptance informed by parents and patients...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662721/neural-mechanisms-of-qigong-sensory-training-massage-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#4
Kristin K Jerger, Laura Lundegard, Aaron Piepmeier, Keturah Faurot, Amanda Ruffino, Margaret A Jerger, Aysenil Belger
Objectives: Despite the enormous prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), its global impact has yet to be realized. Millions of families worldwide need effective treatments to help them get through everyday challenges like eating, sleeping, digestion, and social interaction. Qigong Sensory Training (QST) is a nonverbal, parent-delivered intervention recently shown to be effective at reducing these everyday challenges in children with ASD. This study tested the feasibility of a protocol for investigating QST's neural mechanism...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661842/accounting-for-genotype-by-environment-interactions-and-residual-genetic-variation-in-genomic-selection-for-water-soluble-carbohydrate-concentration-in-wheat
#5
Ben Ovenden, Andrew Milgate, Len J Wade, Greg J Rebetzke, James B Holland
Abiotic stress tolerance traits are often complex and recalcitrant targets for conventional breeding improvement in many crop species. This study evaluated the potential of genomic selection to predict water-soluble carbohydrate concentration (WSCC), an important drought tolerance trait, in wheat under field conditions. A panel of 358 varieties and breeding lines constrained for maturity was evaluated under rainfed and irrigated treatments across two locations and two years. Whole-genome marker profiles and factor analytic mixed models were used to generate genomic estimated breeding values (GEBVs) for specific environments and environment groups...
April 16, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661170/-people-look-and-ask-lots-of-questions-caregivers-perceptions-of-healthcare-provision-and-support-for-children-born-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#6
Phumzile Hlongwa, Laetitia C Rispel
BACKGROUND: Clefting of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) is amongst the five most common birth defects reported in South Africa. The emotional impact on parents at the birth of their new-born with CL/P could affect parent-child relationships. In light of insufficient scholarly attention parental experiences and perceptions, this study reports on caregivers' perceptions of health service provision and support for children born with cleft lip and palate in South Africa. METHODS: The study setting consisted of 11 academic hospital centres situated in six of South Africa's nine provinces...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660964/hospital-to-school-transition-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study
#7
Bonnie Todis, Melissa McCart, Ann Glang
BACKGROUND: The transition from hospital to school is regarded by researchers as a key factor in the educational success of students with traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to look closely at what transition services consist of, how they are delivered, and how they are received by educators. METHODS: Parents and educators of 21 students with TBI participated in a qualitative study of the delivery of transition services and implementation of hospital recommendations...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650619/nursing-role-in-well-child-care-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Jolanda Turley, Jaclyn Vanek, Sharon Johnston, Doug Archibald
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare well-child care (WCC) in Australia, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom (UK), focusing on the role of nurses and their interactions with other primary care providers in order to derive relevant lessons for Canada's interprofessional primary care teams. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL were searched broadly using the search terms well child care, nursing role, and delivery of care and other synonymous terms. In addition, Google Scholar was used to search for gray literature, and reference mining revealed a few other relevant articles...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650431/-efficacy-safety-and-satisfaction-of-sedation-analgesia-in-spanish-emergency-departments
#9
Concepción Míguez Navarro, Niki Oikonomopoulou, Arístides Rivas García, Andrea Mora Capín, Gloria Guerrero Márquez
OBJECTIVES: To offer analgesia and sedation should be a priority in paediatric emergency departments. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness and safety of the sedation-analgesia procedure, as well as the satisfaction of the doctors, patients and parents. METHODS: A multicentre, observational, and prospective analytical study was conducted on the sedation-analgesia procedure performed on children younger than 18 years old in 18 paediatric emergency departments in Spain from February 2015 until January 2016...
April 9, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644473/attention-and-executive-functions-computer-training-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Aida Bikic, James F Leckman, Torben Ø Christensen, Niels Bilenberg, Søren Dalsgaard
Multicenter randomized clinical superiority single-blind trial investigated the effect of a computer training program targeting multiple cognitive functions. Seventy children with ADHD, aged 6-13, were randomized to intervention or control group. The intervention group used ACTIVATE™ for 8 weeks and both groups received treatment as usual and were assessed in regard to cognitive functions, symptoms, behavioral and functional outcome measures after 8, 12 and 24 weeks. There was no significant effect on the primary outcome, sustained attention (β = - 0...
April 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643822/working-memory-and-reinforcement-schedule-jointly-determine-reinforcement-learning-in-children-potential-implications-for-behavioral-parent-training
#11
Elien Segers, Tom Beckers, Hilde Geurts, Laurence Claes, Marina Danckaerts, Saskia van der Oord
Introduction: Behavioral Parent Training (BPT) is often provided for childhood psychiatric disorders. These disorders have been shown to be associated with working memory impairments. BPT is based on operant learning principles, yet how operant principles shape behavior (through the partial reinforcement (PRF) extinction effect, i.e., greater resistance to extinction that is created when behavior is reinforced partially rather than continuously) and the potential role of working memory therein is scarcely studied in children...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642890/physicians-and-nurses-thoughts-and-concerns-about-introducing-neonatal-male-circumcision-in-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#12
Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Namtip Srirak, Boonlure Pruenglampoo, Kanittha Thaikla, Jiraporn Suwanteerangkul, Jiraporn Khorana, Vipa Danthamrongkul, Suchada Paileeklee, Uraiwan Pattanasattayavong, Deanna E Grimes, Richard M Grimes
BACKGROUND: Neonatal male circumcision (NMC) is an alternative approach to adult male circumcision for HIV prevention. Recent studies found that NMC was rarely performed in Thailand and that most Thai health professionals did not recognize that NMC could reduce the risk of HIV infection and would not want NMC services in their hospitals. This study explored the thoughts and concerns of Thai government health staff regarding the introduction of NMC in government health facilities as a public health measure...
April 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630042/an-objective-and-reproducible-test-of-olfactory-learning-and-discrimination-in-mice
#13
Gary Liu, Jay M Patel, Burak Tepe, Cynthia K McClard, Jessica Swanson, Kathleen B Quast, Benjamin R Arenkiel
Olfaction is the predominant sensory modality in mice and influences many important behaviors, including foraging, predator detection, mating, and parenting. Importantly, mice can be trained to associate novel odors with specific behavioral responses to provide insight into olfactory circuit function. This protocol details the procedure for training mice on a Go/No-Go operant learning task. In this approach, mice are trained on hundreds of automated trials daily for 2-4 weeks and can then be tested on novel Go/No-Go odor pairs to assess olfactory discrimination, or be used for studies on how odor learning alters the structure or function of the olfactory circuit...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624538/comparisons-of-iq-in-children-with-and-without-cochlear-implants-longitudinal-findings-and-associations-with-language
#14
Ivette Cejas, Christine M Mitchell, Michael Hoffman, Alexandra L Quittner
OBJECTIVES: To make longitudinal comparisons of intelligence quotient (IQ) in children with cochlear implants (CIs) and typical hearing peers from early in development to the school-age period. Children with additional comorbidities and CIs were also evaluated. To estimate the impact of socioeconomic status and oral language on school-age cognitive performance. DESIGN: This longitudinal study evaluated nonverbal IQ in a multicenter, national sample of 147 children with CIs and 75 typically hearing peers...
April 5, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624536/working-memory-training-following-neonatal-critical-illness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Raisa M Schiller, Marlous J Madderom, Joost van Rosmalen, Arno F J van Heijst, Ivo de Blaauw, Elisabeth Utens, André B Rietman, Frank Verhulst, Dick Tibboel, Tonya White, Hanneke IJsselstijn
OBJECTIVES: To test the immediate and long-term effectiveness of Cogmed Working Memory Training following extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and/or congenital diaphragmatic hernia. DESIGN: A nationwide randomized controlled trial assessing neuropsychologic outcome immediately and 1 year post Cogmed Working Memory Training, conducted between October 2014 and June 2017. Researchers involved in the follow-up assessments were blinded to group allocation. SETTING: Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, and Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands...
April 5, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622311/anesthesia-for-the-pediatric-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-patient
#16
REVIEW
Deepak G Krishnan
Pediatric patients present to the oral and maxillofacial surgeon for surgical services that can be performed safely and efficiently. Children and parents tend to be anxious; achieving cooperation is paramount for successful procedures. Several techniques can be used to alleviate anxiety and provide analgesia and anesthesia. This article outlines the anatomy and physiology of children and the preoperative anesthetic preparation and techniques unique to pediatric anesthesia. It discusses standards in training in pediatric anesthesia and current recommendations for monitoring...
May 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621556/from-fear-to-confidence-changing-providers-attitudes-about-pediatric-palliative-and-hospice-care
#17
Tamara Vesel, Christiana Beveridge
CONTEXT: Children have limited access to hospice care: few existing hospice programs have dedicated pediatric teams, and adult hospice providers feel inadequately trained to care for children. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to increase access to pediatric hospice care by empowering adult hospice providers to care for children through a comprehensive education program. Education empowers providers by changing their attitudes from inadequacy to confidence. METHODS: The authors developed a two-day education program to train interdisciplinary teams of adult hospice providers in pediatric care...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617772/providers-perceptions-and-training-needs-for-counseling-adolescents-undergoing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision
#18
Aaron A R Tobian, Kim H Dam, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Eshan U Patel, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Michelle R Kaufman
Background: The majority of individuals who seek voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services in sub-Saharan Africa are adolescents (ages 10-19 years). However, adolescents who obtain VMMC services report receiving little information on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and care. In this study, we assessed the perceptions of VMMC facility managers and providers about current training content and their perspectives on age-appropriate adolescent counseling. Methods: Semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with 33 VMMC providers in Tanzania (n = 12), South Africa (n = 9), and Zimbabwe (n = 12) and with 4 key informant facility managers in each country (total 12)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616669/the-piper-weekend-study-children-s-and-adults-satisfaction-regarding-paediatric-pain-in-italian-emergency-department
#19
Franca Benini, Sabrina Congedi, Sara Rossin, Angelo Pennella
BACKGROUND: Despite pain being a crucial aspect of urgent-emergency care, the attention of healthcare workers towards this symptom in the Emergency Department (ED) is still inadequate. The aims of this study were to assess children's and their adults accompanier's satisfaction regarding pain management in Italian ED, considering healthcare workers' attention to the symptom as well as the appropriateness and efficacy of treatments received. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered face-to-face by trained interviewers over the period of one weekend in 29 Italian ED...
January 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616209/promoting-sustained-breastfeeding-of-infants-at-risk-for-asthma-explaining-the-active-ingredients-of-an-effective-program-using-intervention-mapping
#20
Ilse Mesters, Barbara Gijsbers, L Kay Bartholomew
Infants whose parents and/or siblings have a history of asthma or allergy may profit from receiving exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of life. This is expected to diminish the chance of developing childhood asthma and/or atopic disease. Ongoing breastfeeding for 6 months seems challenging for many women. An educational program was developed using Intervention Mapping as a logic model to guide development and was found successful in improving breastfeeding rates at 6 months postpartum, improving knowledge and beliefs about breastfeeding for 6 months, after exposure to the program compared to controls...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
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