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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222627/pediatric-asthma-management-in-china-current-and-future-challenges
#1
Xiaojian Zhou, Jianguo Hong
The purpose of this report was to review the state of asthma diagnosis and treatment in China and to examine challenges in achieving earlier diagnosis and treatment. The prevalence of asthma in children in China has increased over past decades, and data published in 2013 indicated a prevalence of 3.0% in children aged 0-14 years. Although this prevalence has increased, the percentage of children with acute asthma attacks decreased from 86% in 2000 to 77% in 2010, and the frequency of hospitalizations for asthma attacks decreased from 54...
December 8, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222136/effects-of-a-culturally-tailored-parenting-support-programme-in-somali-born-parents-mental-health-and-sense-of-competence-in-parenting-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Fatumo Osman, Raziye Salari, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, Ulla-Karin Schön, Renée Flacking
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally tailored parenting support programme on Somali-born parents' mental health and sense of competence in parenting. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A city in the middle of Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Somali-born parents (n=120) with children aged 11-16 years and self-perceived stress in their parenting were randomised to an intervention group (n=60) or a waiting-list control group (n=60)...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221765/advances-in-fetal-echocardiography
#3
REVIEW
Helena M Gardiner
The development of fetal echocardiography and success in prenatal cardiac screening programs over the past 30 years has been driven by technical innovation and influenced by the different approaches of the various specialties practicing it. Screening for congenital heart defects no longer focuses on examining a limited number of pregnant women thought to be at increased risk, but instead forms an integrated part of a high-quality anatomical ultrasound performed in the second trimester using the 'five-transverse view' protocol...
December 5, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221455/mental-health-professionals-family-focused-practice-with-families-with-dependent-children-a-survey-study
#4
Patraporn Tungpunkom, Darryl Maybery, Andrea Reupert, Nick Kowalenko, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Many people with a mental illness are parents caring for dependent children. These children are at greater risk of developing their own mental health concerns compared to other children. Mental health services are opportune places for healthcare professionals to identify clients' parenting status and address the needs of their children. There is a knowledge gap regarding Thai mental health professionals' family-focused knowledge and practices when working with parents with mental illness and their children and families...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219170/learning-to-individuate-the-specificity-of-labels-differentially-impacts-infant-visual-attention
#5
Charisse B Pickron, Arjun Iyer, Eswen Fava, Lisa S Scott
This study examined differences in visual attention as a function of label learning from 6 to 9 months of age. Before and after 3 months of parent-directed storybook training with computer-generated novel objects, event-related potentials and visual fixations were recorded while infants viewed trained and untrained images (n = 23). Relative to a pretraining, a no-training control group (n = 11), and to infants trained with category-level labels (e.g., all labeled "Hitchel"), infants trained with individual-level labels (e...
December 8, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216886/a-mixed-methods-study-of-system-level-sustainability-of-evidence-based-practices-in-12-large-scale-implementation-initiatives
#6
Ashley T Scudder, Sarah M Taber-Thomas, Kristen Schaffner, Joy R Pemberton, Leah Hunter, Amy D Herschell
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, evidence-based practices (EBPs) have been broadly promoted in community behavioural health systems in the United States of America, yet reported EBP penetration rates remain low. Determining how to systematically sustain EBPs in complex, multi-level service systems has important implications for public health. This study examined factors impacting the sustainability of parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) in large-scale initiatives in order to identify potential predictors of sustainment...
December 7, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216849/economic-evaluations-of-ergonomic-interventions-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-organizational-level-interventions
#7
Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Annick Parent-Lamarche, Aurélie Gaillard, Susan Stock, Nektaria Nicolakakis, Quan Nha Hong, Michel Vezina, Youssouph Coulibaly, Nicole Vézina, Diane Berthelette
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) represent a major public health problem and economic burden to employers, workers and health insurance systems. This systematic review had two objectives: (1) to analyze the cost-benefit results of organizational-level ergonomic workplace-based interventions aimed at preventing WMSD, (2) to explore factors related to the implementation process of these interventions (obstacles and facilitating factors) in order to identify whether economic results may be due to a successful or unsuccessful implementation...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215906/parental-perspectives-of-screening-for-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-pediatric-primary-care
#8
Anne-Marie Conn, Moira A Szilagyi, Sandra H Jee, Jody T Manly, Rahil Briggs, Peter G Szilagyi
INTRODUCTION: Pediatricians recognize a need to mitigate the negative impact that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can have on health and development. However, ACEs screening and interventions in primary care pediatrics may be inhibited by concerns about parental perceptions. We assessed parent perspectives of screening for ACEs in the pediatric primary care setting, to understand their views on the potential impact of their ACEs on their parenting and to identify opportunities for pediatric anticipatory guidance...
December 7, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214136/training-parents-in-saudi-arabia-to-implement-discrete-trial-teaching-with-their-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Ahmad M Eid, Sarah M Aljaser, Anoud N AlSaud, Sultana M Asfahani, Ohoud A Alhaqbani, Rafat S Mohtasib, Hesham M Aldhalaan, Mitch Fryling
The present study evaluates the effects of a behavioral skill training package on parent implementation of discrete trial teaching with their children with autism spectrum disorder. Three mothers of children with autism participated in the study. The training package improved implementation for all three of the mothers. Moreover, these improvements generalized to skills that were not taught during training, maintained during follow-up probes, and resulted in improvements in child behavior.
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213213/-from-resistance-to-challenge-child-health-service-nurses-experiences-of-how-a-course-in-group-leadership-affected-their-management-of-parental-groups
#10
Åsa Lefèvre, Pia Lundqvist, Eva Drevenhorn, Inger Hallström
Background: All parents in Sweden are invited to child health service (CHS) parental groups, however only 49% of the families participate. The way the parental groups are managed has been shown to be of importance for how parents experience the support and CHS nurses describe feeling insecure when running the groups. Lack of facilitation, structure and leadership might jeopardise the potential benefit of such support groups. This study describes CHS nurses' experiences of how a course in group leadership affected the way they ran their parental groups...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212345/a-pilot-investigation-of-an-ios-based-app-for-toilet-training-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Daniel W Mruzek, Stephen McAleavey, Whitney A Loring, Eric Butter, Tristram Smith, Erin McDonnell, Lynne Levato, Courtney Aponte, Rebekah P Travis, Rachel E Aiello, Cora M Taylor, Jonathan W Wilkins, Patricia Corbett-Dick, Dianne M Finkelstein, Alyssa M York, Katherine Zanibbi
We developed an iOS-based app with a transmitter/disposable sensor and corresponding manualized intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder. The app signaled the onset of urination, time-stamped accidents for analysis, reminded parents to reinforce intervals of continence, provided a visual outlet for parents to communicate reinforcement, and afforded opportunity for timely feedback from clinicians. We compared this intervention with an intervention that uses standard behavioral treatment in a pilot randomized controlled trial of 33 children with autism spectrum disorder aged 3-6 years with urinary incontinence...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210955/comparison-between-power-off-ice-test-and-performance-on-ice-anaerobic-testing
#12
Vincent Gosselin Boucher, Andrée-Anne Parent, Fanie St-Jean Miron, Mario Leone, Alain Steve Comtois
The importance of specific testing has been shown in ice hockey performance and the understanding and connection between them may lead to adapting training and follow up in elite athletes. The aim of the present study was to compare two off-ice power tests with performances on ice with a complete professional hockey team. The broad jump test and the vertical jump test were used for the off-ice evaluations, while the SAS-40 and the repeated skate sprint modify (RSSm) tests were used as the performance variables...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210340/homicidal-methanol-poisoning-in-filicide-suicide
#13
Asit K Sikary, C Behera
Most methanol poisonings are accidental. We present a rare case of filicide-suicide, where a youth was killed by methanol poisoning and his parents then committed suicide by jumping in front of a running train. The father's suicide note explains the crime.
December 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205605/coaching-parents-to-assess-and-treat-self-injurious-behaviour-via-telehealth
#14
S S Benson, A F Dimian, M Elmquist, J Simacek, J J McComas, F J Symons
The application of telehealth technology to conduct functional analysis (FA) and functional communication training (FCT) is emerging for children with developmental disabilities and behaviour support needs. The current study was designed to extend FA + FCT for self-injurious behaviour by using telehealth in home with parents as interventionists receiving real-time remote coaching. Two families with school-aged boys with developmental disabilities associated with intellectual disability participated, one with cerebral palsy and the other with autism spectrum disorder...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204796/identifying-effective-components-of-child-maltreatment-interventions-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Claudia E van der Put, Mark Assink, Jeanne Gubbels, Noëlle F Boekhout van Solinge
There is a lack of knowledge about specific components that make interventions effective in preventing or reducing child maltreatment. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to increase this knowledge by summarizing findings on effects of interventions for child maltreatment and by examining potential moderators of this effect, such as intervention components and study characteristics. Identifying effective components is essential for developing or improving child maltreatment interventions. A literature search yielded 121 independent studies (N = 39,044) examining the effects of interventions for preventing or reducing child maltreatment...
December 4, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199837/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-mini-international-neuropsychiatric-interview-for-children-and-adolescents-mini-kid
#16
Laura Duncan, Kathy Georgiades, Li Wang, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Harriet L MacMillan, Mark A Ferro, Ellen L Lipman, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett, Anna Kata, Magdalena Janus, Michael H Boyle
The goals of the study were to examine test-retest reliability, informant agreement and convergent and discriminant validity of nine DSM-IV-TR psychiatric disorders classified by parent and youth versions of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID). Using samples drawn from the general population and child mental health outpatient clinics, 283 youth aged 9 to 18 years and their parents separately completed the MINI-KID with trained lay interviewers on two occasions 7 to 14 days apart...
December 4, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199433/a-systematic-review-of-parent-implemented-functional-communication-training-for-children-with-asd
#17
Stephanie Gerow, Shanna Hagan-Burke, Mandy Rispoli, Emily Gregori, Rose Mason, Jennifer Ninci
Supporting parents in reducing challenging behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) requires the identification of effective, feasible, and sustainable interventions. Functional communication training (FCT) is one of the most well-established interventions in the behavioral literature and is used increasingly by parents. However, there is a need for additional evaluation of the literature related to parent-implemented FCT. In the present review, we identified 26 peer-reviewed studies on parent-implemented FCT...
December 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198087/-training-workshops-for-bedouin-mothers-prevention-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-children-results-from-a-community-trial-study
#18
Orly Kerub, Ziva Shtal, Einat Zinchik, Wadha Alatawna, Hillel Vardi, Natalya Bilenko
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world, contributing to childhood morbidity and mortality. Knowledge, attitudes and behavior of caretakers and parents of toddlers can significantly prevent anemia. OBJECTIVES: Assessment of workshop intervention to alter knowledge, attitudes and behavior in mothers of toddlers in the Bedouin population. METHODS: Community trial study. The intervention group included: 150 mothers of healthy one-year-old toddlers receiving workshops culturally tailored for a month in addition to standard training in "Tipat-Halav" (Baby clinic)...
November 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187318/instructing-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-examining-swim-instructors-knowledge-building-experiences
#19
Erin Kraft, Raymond Leblanc
BACKGROUND: Although there has been a notable increase in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnoses over the past twenty years, children with ASD continue to be underrepresented in physical activity opportunities. Swimming lessons have been suggested as an ideal form of physical activity for this population, but studies exploring instructors' experiences gaining knowledge specific for instructing these swimmers remains limited. Research in this area is warranted, as drowning is a leading injury cause of death for persons with ASD...
November 22, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186137/evaluation-of-the-implementation-fidelity-of-the-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-intervention-in-kaya-health-district-burkina-faso
#20
Rachidatou Compaoré, Maurice Wambi Evariste Yameogo, Tieba Millogo, Halima Tougri, Seni Kouanda
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso implemented the seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) in 2014 in seven pilot health districts, following the new recommendation by the WHO in 2012 for the prevention of the disease in children under five years old, for areas of highly seasonal malaria transmission.The objective of this study was to assess the implementation fidelity of the seasonal malaria chemoprevention strategy in one of the districts, Kaya Health District. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a case study, with a quantitative and qualitative mixed methods...
2017: PloS One
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