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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034696/development-of-the-supported-employment-comprehensive-cognitive-enhancement-and-social-skills-program-for-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum-results-of-initial-study
#1
Mary J Baker-Ericzén, Meghan A Fitch, Mikaela Kinnear, Melissa M Jenkins, Elizabeth W Twamley, Linda Smith, Gabriel Montano, Joshua Feder, Pamela J Crooke, Michelle G Winner, Juan Leon
The population of adults on the autism spectrum continues to increase, and vocational outcomes are particularly poor. Longitudinal studies of adults with autism spectrum and without intellectual disability have shown consistent and persistent deficits across cognitive, social, and vocational domains, indicating a need for effective treatments of functional disabilities as each impact employment. This initial pilot study is an open trial investigation of the feasibility, acceptability, and initial estimates of outcomes for the newly developed Supported Employment, Comprehensive Cognitive Enhancement, and Social Skills intervention, a manualized "soft skills" curriculum, to enhance both cognitive and social development in adults with autism spectrum...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034445/dental-prevention-and-disease-awareness-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Steffen Koerdt, Julia Hartz, Stefan Hollatz, Gesche Frohwitter, Marco R Kesting, Peter Ewert, Renate Oberhoffer, Herbert Deppe
OBJECTIVES: The importance of excellent oral health is known to be crucial in children with congenital heart diseases (CHD). Data about dental health and disease awareness is limited. This study aims to assess preventive measures taken to improve dental health in children with CHD and to gain insight into disease awareness and knowledge about the importance of oral health in children with CHD and to propose measures that could be taken. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Parents of 150 children with CHD were asked to complete a questionnaire containing specific questions about the preventive measures taken by the parents and dental and medical practitioners and their knowledge about underlying disease and the importance of oral health...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034225/the-perception-of-a-three-dimensional-printed-heart-model-from-the-perspective-of-different-stakeholders-a-complex-case-of-truncus-arteriosus
#3
Giovanni Biglino, Sarah Moharem-Elgamal, Matthew Lee, Robert Tulloh, Massimo Caputo
The case of an 11-year-old male patient with truncus arteriosus is presented. The patient has a right aortic arch, a repaired truncus arteriosus, pulmonary artery stenosis, as well as conduit stenosis, with a complex surgical plan being discussed. In order to gather additional insight into the patient's anatomy prior to the surgery and to facilitate communication with the patient's parents, a three-dimensional (3D) model of his heart and main vessels was created from computed tomography data. Feedback was collected from different stakeholders...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032288/addressing-social-skills-deficits-in-adults-with-williams-syndrome
#4
Marisa H Fisher, Lindsay Morin
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) are hypersocial; yet, they experience social difficulties and trouble with relationships. This report summarizes findings from three studies examining the social functioning of adults with WS and the feasibility of a social skills training program for adults with WS (SSTP-WS) through the examination of performance on initial lesson plans. METHOD: Study 1: 114 parents of adults with WS completed the Social Responsiveness Scale-2...
October 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029562/the-role-of-emotion-regulation-and-socialization-in-behavioral-parent-training-a-proof-of-concept-study
#5
Chloe Zachary, Deborah J Jones, Laura G McKee, Donald H Baucom, Rex L Forehand
Low-income families are less likely to effectively engage in Behavioral Parent Training (BPT), the standard of care for early-onset (3-8 years old) disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs); however, relatively little is known about predictors of treatment process and outcome within this vulnerable group. Given literature to suggest compromises associated with both low-income status and DBDs, this study examined the role of caregiver emotion regulation and socialization practices in 15 low-income families who participated in one evidence-based BPT program, Helping the Noncompliant Child (HNC)...
October 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027808/measuring-the-attitudes-of-novice-drivers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-as-an-indication-of-apprehensive-driving-going-beyond-basic-abilities
#6
Veerle Ross, Daniel J Cox, Ron Reeve, Timothy Brown, Matthew Moncrief, Rose Schmitt, Gary Gaffney
For some individuals with autism spectrum disorder, driving apprehension may interfere with the acquisition and application of driving privileges. The Driving Attitude Scale Parent-Report provides an indication of novice drivers' positive and negative attitudes toward driving. Responses were compared for parents of 66 autism spectrum disorder and 166 neuro-typical novice drivers. After the autism spectrum disorder drivers completed 3 months of driver training, 60 parents repeated the Driving Attitude Scale Parent-Report...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026509/development-and-evaluation-of-a-speech-generating-aac-mobile-app-for-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-mainland-china
#7
Sainan An, Xiaoping Feng, Yue Dai, Hongli Bo, Xiuqing Wang, Mu Li, John Zhuohao Woo, Xingmei Liang, Cheng Guo, Charles Xingchao Liu, Liping Wei
BACKGROUND: Mobile touchscreen devices are currently being used as speech-generating devices (SGDs) and have been shown to promote the communication skills, particularly the requesting skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have limited spoken language. However, no augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) mobile app has been developed and evaluated in the Chinese language in Mainland China. METHODS: We developed an AAC mobile app, which is the first in Mainland China, to our knowledge, named Yuudee (Chinese name (xiaoyudi))...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022144/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-engagement-and-attrition-in-a-nurse-home-visiting-program-from-the-participant-and-provider-perspective
#8
Lana O Beasley, Leigh E Ridings, Tyler J Smith, Jennifer D Shields, Jane F Silovsky, William Beasley, David Bard
Beginning parenting programs in the prenatal and early postnatal periods have a large potential for impact on later child and maternal outcomes. Home-based parenting programs, such as the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), have been established to help address this need. Program reach and impact is dependent on successful engagement of expecting mothers with significant risks; however, NFP attrition rates remain high. The current study qualitatively examined engagement and attrition from the perspectives of NFP nurses and mothers in order to identify mechanisms that enhance service engagement...
October 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022130/compass-for-hope-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-parent-training-and-support-program-for-children-with-asd
#9
Grace M Kuravackel, Lisa A Ruble, Robert J Reese, Amanda P Ables, Alexis D Rodgers, Michael D Toland
Despite the growing number of studies that demonstrate the importance of empowering parents with knowledge and skills to act as intervention agents for their children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), there are limited examples of parent-mediated interventions that focus on problem behaviors. Additionally, access to ASD-trained clinicians and research supported delivery options for families in rural areas is severely limited. COMPASS for Hope (C-HOPE) is an 8-week parent intervention program that was developed with the option of telehealth or face-to-face delivery...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022125/parent-stress-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-atomoxetine-and-parent-training-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Luc Lecavalier, Xueliang Pan, Tristram Smith, Benjamin L Handen, L Eugene Arnold, Laura Silverman, Rameshwari V Tumuluru, Jill Hollway, Michael G Aman
We previously reported a 2 × 2 randomized clinical trial of atomoxetine (ATX) and parent training (PT) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and behavioral noncompliance in 128 children with autism spectrum disorder, ages 5-14 years. Children were randomized to one of four conditions: ATX alone, placebo alone, ATX + PT, or PT + placebo. Both ATX and PT improved some indices of ADHD and behavioral compliance. In this report, we describe parent stress over time and across conditions...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020760/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-oral-health-of-people-aged-15-40-years-in-kurdistan-iran-in-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ghobad Moradi, Ardavan Moinafshar, Hemen Adabi, Mona Sharafi, Farideh Mostafavi, Amjad Mohamadi Bolbanabad
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of dental caries among an urban population. Methods: This study was conducted among 2000 people 15-40 years of age living in Kurdistan, Iran in 2015. Using a questionnaire, data were collected by 4 trained dental students. The dependent variable was the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMF) index. Using principal component analysis, the socioeconomic status (SES) of families was determined based on their household assets...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019792/prevalence-and-determinants-of-susceptibility-to-cigarette-smoking-among-non-smoking-senior-secondary-school-students-in-ilorin-north-central-nigeria
#12
Layi Solomon Babatunde, Oluwaseyi Tosin Babatunde, Susan Modupe Oladeji, Temitope Ashipa
Background Globally, efforts are being made to control tobacco use. However, adolescents who are susceptible to cigarette smoking constitute a major challenge to control efforts. Defining the magnitude of susceptible adolescents and associated factors in any setting is critical to the development of measures that will successfully address this issue. This study estimated the prevalence and factors associated with susceptibility to cigarette smoking among non smoking students in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019630/prolonged-hospital-discharge-for-children-with-technology-dependency-a-source-of-health-care-disparities
#13
Sarah A Sobotka, Rishi K Agrawal, Michael E Msall
Children with ventilator assistance have been supported in living at home since 1981 when parental advocacy ushered in a change to Medicaid policy. As the population of children who use medical technology such as long-term ventilation increases, we must critically evaluate our systems for preparing families for home life. Discharge delays persist in the modern era because of fragmentation between hospital and home systems. These discharge delays result in children spending time in less developmentally rich environments, further exacerbating the health and development disparities of children with complex disabilities...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016651/soccer-based-promotion-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-with-secondary-students-in-uganda
#14
George Miiro, Jeff DeCelles, Rwamahe Rutakumwa, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Philip Muzira, Wilber Ssembajjwe, Saidat Musoke, Lorna J Gibson, Rebecca B Hershow, Suzanna Francis, Belen Torondel, David A Ross, Helen A Weiss
The Ugandan government is committed to scaling-up proven HIV prevention strategies including safe male circumcision, and innovative strategies are needed to increase circumcision uptake. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability and feasibility of implementing a soccer-based intervention ("Make The Cut") among schoolboys in a peri-urban district of Uganda. The intervention was led by trained, recently circumcised "coaches" who facilitated a 60-minute session delivered in schools, including an interactive penalty shoot-out game using metaphors for HIV prevention, sharing of the coaches' circumcision story, group discussion and ongoing engagement from the coach to facilitate linkage to male circumcision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992611/co-viewing-supports-toddlers-word-learning-from-contingent-and-noncontingent-video
#15
Gabrielle A Strouse, Georgene L Troseth, Katherine D O'Doherty, Megan M Saylor
Social cues are one way young children determine that a situation is pedagogical in nature-containing information to be learned and generalized. However, some social cues (e.g., contingent gaze and responsiveness) are missing from prerecorded video, a potential reason why toddlers' language learning from video can be inefficient compared with their learning directly from a person. This study explored two methods for supporting children's word learning from video by adding social-communicative cues. A sample of 88 30-month-olds began their participation with a video training phase...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991146/effect-of-caregiver-training-on-the-neurodevelopment-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-and-caregiver-mental-health-a-ugandan-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Michael J Boivin, Noeline Nakasujja, Itziar Familiar-Lopez, Sarah M Murray, Alla Sikorskii, Jorem Awadu, Cilly Shohet, Deborah Givon, Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Elizabeth E Schut, Robert O Opoka, Judith K Bass
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood development programs typically combine healthy nutrition and cognitive stimulation in an integrated model. We separately delivered these 2 components in a cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate their comparative effectiveness in promoting healthy child development and caregiver mental health. This is the first study to do so for HIV-affected children and their infected mothers. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one HIV-exposed but uninfected child (2-3 years old) and caregiver dyads in 18 geographic clusters in Eastern Uganda were randomized by cluster to receive biweekly individualized sessions of either (1) Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) training emphasizing cognitive stimulation or (2) Uganda Community Based Association for Child Welfare (UCOBAC) program that delivered health and nutrition training...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989548/mindful-with-your-baby-feasibility-acceptability-and-effects-of-a-mindful-parenting-group-training-for-mothers-and-their-babies-in-a-mental-health-context
#17
Eva S Potharst, Evin Aktar, Marja Rexwinkel, Margo Rigterink, Susan M Bögels
Many mothers experience difficulties after the birth of a baby. Mindful parenting may have benefits for mothers and babies, because it can help mothers regulate stress, and be more attentive towards themselves and their babies, which may have positive effects on their responsivity. This study examined the effectiveness of Mindful with your baby, an 8-week mindful parenting group training for mothers with their babies. The presence of the babies provides on-the-spot practicing opportunities and facilitates generalization of what is learned...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988339/teaching-parents-behavioral-strategies-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-effects-on-stress-strain-and-competence
#18
Suzannah Iadarola, Lynne Levato, Bryan Harrison, Tristram Smith, Luc Lecavalier, Cynthia Johnson, Naomi Swiezy, Karen Bearss, Lawrence Scahill
We report on parent outcomes from a randomized clinical trial of parent training (PT) versus psychoeducation (PEP) in 180 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and disruptive behavior. We compare the impact of PT and PEP on parent outcomes: Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Parent Sense of Competence (PSOC), and Caregiver Strain Questionnaire (CGSQ). Mixed-effects linear models evaluated differences at weeks 12 and 24, controlling for baseline scores. Parents in PT reported greater improvement than PEP on the PSOC (ES = 0...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985385/evaluating-an-indigenous-health-curriculum-for-diabetes-prevention-engaging-the-community-through-talking-circles-and-knowledge-translation-of-results
#19
Maedeh Khayyat Kholghi, Gillian Bartlett, Morgan Phillips, Jon Salsberg, Alex M McComber, Ann C Macaulay
Background: Kahnawà:ke is a Kanien'kehá:ka (Mohawk) community in Quebec, Canada. In 1997, the community-controlled Kateri Memorial Hospital Centre in partnership with the Kahnawake Education Center, and the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP) developed an elementary school diabetes prevention health education program, aimed to increase knowledge of Type 2 diabetes, healthy eating and active lifestyles. Long-term goals for KSDPP community and school interventions are to decrease obesity and diabetes...
July 24, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983951/development-of-a-cerebral-palsy-follow-up-registry-in-jordan-cpup-jordan
#20
N A Almasri, M Saleh, S Abu-Dahab, S H Malkawi, E Nordmark
AIMS: This study aims to describe the development of a Cerebral Palsy Follow-up Registry in Jordan (CPUP-Jordan) and to provide a baseline child and parent demographic information, birth history of the child participants, and distribution of the participants based on topographical distribution of cerebral palsy (CP) and functional classification systems. METHODS: The CPUP-Jordan was developed using a similar framework of a follow-up surveillance programme for persons with CP in Sweden (CPUP)...
October 6, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
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