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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098050/dairy-food-supplementation-may-reduce-malnutrition-risk-in-institutionalised-elderly
#1
Sandra Iuliano, Shirley Poon, Xiaofang Wang, Minh Bui, Ego Seeman
Malnutrition in institutionalised elderly increases morbidity and care costs. Meat and dairy foods are high-quality protein sources so adequate intakes may reduce malnutrition risk. We aimed to determine whether inadequate intakes of meat and dairy foods contribute to malnutrition in institutionalised elderly. This cross-sectional study involved 215 elderly residents (70·2 % females, mean age 85·8 years) from twenty-one aged-care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Dietary intake was assessed using observed plate waste...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096129/current-knowledge-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants-and-the-impact-of-different-types-of-enteral-nutrition-products
#2
REVIEW
Jocelyn Shulhan, Bryan Dicken, Lisa Hartling, Bodil Mk Larsen
Preterm infants are extremely vulnerable to a range of morbidities and mortality. Underdeveloped cardiac, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and immune systems in the preterm period increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a serious disease of the gut. NEC affects 5-12% of very-low birth-weight infants, leads to surgery in 20-40% of cases, and is fatal in 25-50% of cases. There are multiple factors that may contribute to NEC, but the exact cause is not yet fully understood. Severe cases can result in intestinal resection or death, and the health care costs average >$300,000/infant when surgical management is required...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096126/the-age-related-eye-disease-2-study-micronutrients-in-the-treatment-of-macular-degeneration
#3
REVIEW
Aruna Gorusupudi, Kelly Nelson, Paul S Bernstein
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of vision loss in the elderly. With an increasingly aged population worldwide, the need for the prevention of AMD is rising. Multiple studies investigating AMD with the use of animal models and cell culture have identified oxidative stress-related retinal damage as an important contributing factor. In general, diet is an excellent source of the antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals necessary for healthy living; moreover, the general public is often receptive to recommendations made by physicians and health care workers regarding diet and supplements as a means of empowering themselves to avoid common and worrisome ailments such as AMD, which has made epidemiologists and clinicians enthusiastic about dietary intervention studies...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096124/nutritional-considerations-for-healthy-aging-and-reduction-in-age-related-chronic-disease
#4
REVIEW
Julie Shlisky, David E Bloom, Amy R Beaudreault, Katherine L Tucker, Heather H Keller, Yvonne Freund-Levi, Roger A Fielding, Feon W Cheng, Gordon L Jensen, Dayong Wu, Simin N Meydani
A projected doubling in the global population of people aged ≥60 y by the year 2050 has major health and economic implications, especially in developing regions. Burdens of unhealthy aging associated with chronic noncommunicable and other age-related diseases may be largely preventable with lifestyle modification, including diet. However, as adults age they become at risk of "nutritional frailty," which can compromise their ability to meet nutritional requirements at a time when specific nutrient needs may be high...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095908/limiting-treatment-and-shortening-of-life-data-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-germany-on-frequencies-determinants-and-patients-involvement
#5
Birte Malena Dahmen, Jochen Vollmann, Stephan Nadolny, Jan Schildmann
BACKGROUND: Limiting treatment forms part of practice in many fields of medicine. There is a scarcity of robust data from Germany. Therefore, in this paper, we report results of a survey among German physicians with a focus on frequencies, aspects of decision making and determinants of limiting treatment with expected or intended shortening of life. METHODS: Postal survey among a random sample of physicians working in the area of five German state chambers of physicians using a modified version of the questionnaire of the EURELD Consortium...
January 17, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095821/weighing-as-a-stand-alone-intervention-does-not-reduce-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-compared-to-routine-antenatal-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
Shanna M Fealy, Rachael M Taylor, Maralyn Foureur, John Attia, Lyn Ebert, Alessandra Bisquera, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain is associated with short and long-term adverse maternal and infant health outcomes, independent of pre-pregnancy body mass index. Weighing pregnant women as a stand-alone intervention during antenatal visits is suggested to reduce pregnancy weight gain. In the absence of effective interventions to reduce excessive gestational gain within the real world setting, this study aims to test if routine weighing as a stand-alone intervention can reduce total pregnancy weight gain and, in particular, excessive gestational weight gain...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092244/-depression-and-burden-on-primary-caregivers-of-elderly-persons-with-physical-dependence-of-the-umf-171
#7
Cristina Navarro-Sandoval, Lizbeth Carlota Uriostegui-Espíritu, Edna Gabriela Delgado-Quiñones, Minerva Natalia Sahagún-Cuevas
BACKGROUND: According to the National Health and Nutrition Survey of 2012, more than a quarter of older adults (26.9%) have some degree of disability, requiring a primary caregiver to perform basic activities of daily living. The aim is to determine the prevalence of depression and burden on primary caregivers of elderly persons with physical dependence. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with non-probability sampling that included the primary caregivers of elderly patients with physical dependence...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092152/issues-in-nutrition-dietary-considerations-in-select-chronic-conditions
#8
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Chronic diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract also tend to affect nutrition. The incidence of chronic liver disease is increasing. As the prevalence of obesity rises, so do the incidences of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Patients with chronic liver disease usually have some degree of malnutrition. In the absence of encephalopathy, patients with chronic liver disease should consume more protein than that in the average diet. There is some controversy about whether diet plays a role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091846/risk-factors-of-surgical-site-infections-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-complicated-with-gastrointestinal-fistula
#9
Kun Guo, Jianan Ren, Guanwei Li, Qiongyuan Hu, Xiuwen Wu, Zhiwei Wang, Gefei Wang, Guosheng Gu, Huajian Ren, Zhiwu Hong, Jieshou Li
PURPOSE: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common complication following surgical procedures. This study aimed to determine risk factors associated with SSI in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) complicated with gastrointestinal fistula. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgical resection in gastrointestinal fistula patients with CD between January 2013 and January 2015, identified from a prospectively maintained gastrointestinal fistula database...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090472/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-the-weight-loss-during-hospitalization-in-children-a-single-korean-children-s-hospital-experience
#10
Eun Ha Hwang, Jae Hong Park, Peter Chun, Yeoun Joo Lee
PURPOSE: Undernutrition during hospitalization increases the risk of nosocomial infection and lengthens the disease courses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors of weight loss during hospitalization in children. METHODS: All the patients who were admitted in general wards between April and May 2014 were enrolled. Patients aged >18 years and discharged within 2 days were excluded. Weight loss during hospitalization was defined as a decrease in body weight of >2% in 8 hospital days or on the day of discharge...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089764/promoting-weight-maintenance-with-electronic-health-record-tools-in-a-primary-care-setting-baseline-results-from-the-maintain-pc-trial
#11
Molly B Conroy, Cindy L Bryce, Kathleen M McTigue, Dana Tudorascu, Bethany Barone Gibbs, Diane Comer, Rachel Hess, Kimberly Huber, Laurey R Simkin-Silverman, Gary S Fischer
Maintaining weight loss is a significant challenge in combating obesity. The goal of Maintaining Activity and Nutrition through Technology-Assisted Innovation in Primary Care (MAINTAIN-pc) is to evaluate the use of tools delivered through an electronic health record (EHR) and patient portal, with or without health coach support, to help primary care patients maintain weight loss. EHR tools include flowsheets, standardized surveys, and secure patient messaging. Inclusion criteria were age 18-75years, voluntary 5% weight loss in the past 2years with prior BMI≥25kg/m(2), and no bariatric procedures in past 5years...
January 12, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089618/24-hour-protein-arginine-and-citrulline-metabolism-in-fed-critically-ill-children-a-stable-isotope-tracer-study
#12
Carlijn T I de Betue, Xiomara C Garcia Casal, Dick A van Waardenburg, Stephen M Schexnayder, Koen F M Joosten, Nicolaas E P Deutz, Marielle P K J Engelen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The reference method to study protein and arginine metabolism in critically ill children is measuring plasma amino acid appearances with stable isotopes during a short (4-8 h) time period and extrapolate results to 24-h. However, 24-h measurements may be variable due to critical illness related factors and a circadian rhythm could be present. Since only short duration stable isotope studies in critically ill children have been conducted before, the aim of this study was to investigate 24-h appearance of specific amino acids representing protein and arginine metabolism, with stable isotope techniques in continuously fed critically ill children...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089611/government-s-role-in-promoting-healthy-lifestyle
#13
REVIEW
Laurie Whitsel
Worldwide, poor lifestyle behaviors, including obesity, physical inactivity, and low diet quality, are creating an unstainable burden of chronic disease with disparities across geography, race, income, education, and sex. Government plays an important role in addressing lifestyle behaviors and population health, reducing health disparities and chronic disease. Areas for government involvement include surveillance, research, programming, access to health care, quality assurance and guidelines for diet and physical activity(PA)...
January 13, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089304/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-patients-recommendations-of-a-task-force-of-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology
#14
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Gilles Albrand, Silke Gillessen, Simon Hughes, Nicolas Mottet, Stéphane Oudard, Heather Payne, Martine Puts, Gilbert Zulian, Lodovico Balducci, Matti Aapro
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer. Since the median age of diagnosis is 66 yr, many patients require both geriatric and urologic evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual circumstances including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2014 International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) guidelines on prostate cancer in men aged >70 yr. The update includes new material on health status evaluation and the treatment of localised, advanced, and castrate-resistant disease...
January 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087222/revisiting-the-refeeding-syndrome-results-of-a-systematic-review
#15
Natalie Friedli, Zeno Stanga, Lubos Sobotka, Alison Culkin, Jens Kondrup, Alessandro Laviano, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVE: Although described >70 y ago, the refeeding syndrome (RFS) remains understudied with lack of standardized definition and treatment recommendations. The aim of this systematic review was to gather evidence regarding standardized definition, incidence rate and time course of occurrence, association with adverse clinical outcomes, risk factors, and therapeutic strategies to prevent or treat this condition. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for interventional and observational clinical trials focusing on RFS, excluding case reports and reviews...
June 8, 2016: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086849/successful-outcome-following-pneumonectomy-in-a-teenage-boy-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-case-report
#16
Zheyi Liew, Santosh Mallikarjuna, Asif Hasan, F Kate Gould, Su Bunn, Matthew F Thomas, Jim L Lordan, Christopher O'Brien, Malcolm Brodlie
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis lung disease is generally a diffuse process however rarely one lung may become particularly damaged through chronic collapse and consolidation resulting in end-stage bronchiectasis with relative sparing of the contralateral lung. This clinical situation is sometimes referred to as "destroyed lung". Lung resection surgery is seldom indicated in cystic fibrosis and the associated medical literature is relatively sparse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14 year old boy was referred to our centre for lung transplantation assessment...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086754/making-the-most-of-mealtimes-m3-protocol-of-a-multi-centre-cross-sectional-study-of-food-intake-and-its-determinants-in-older-adults-living-in-long-term-care-homes
#17
Heather H Keller, Natalie Carrier, Susan Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Catriona M Steele, Lisa Duizer, K Steve Brown, Habib Chaudhury, Minn N Yoon, Alison M Duncan, Veronique M Boscart, George Heckman, Lita Villalon
BACKGROUND: Older adults living in long term care (LTC) homes are nutritionally vulnerable, often consuming insufficient energy, macro- and micronutrients to sustain their health and function. Multiple factors are proposed to influence food intake, yet our understanding of these diverse factors and their interactions are limited. The purpose of this paper is to fully describe the protocol used to examine determinants of food and fluid intake among older adults participating in the Making the Most of Mealtimes (M3) study...
January 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081385/catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-adults-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition
#18
Siri Tribler, Christopher F Brandt, Mark Hvistendahl, Michael Staun, Per Brøbech, Claus E Moser, Palle B Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: A common complication in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs). The CRBSI incidence has been advocated as an outcome parameter assessing the quality of care. This study aimed to illustrate how the use of different CRBSI definitions affects the reported incidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an observational study based on the Copenhagen intestinal failure database, all clinically reported CRBSIs from 2002-2013 were compared with data from the affiliated microbiological database according to recommended CRBSI criteria...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081252/corn-soy-blend-fortified-with-phosphorus-to-prevent-refeeding-hypophosphatemia-in-undernourished-piglets
#19
Anne-Louise Hother, Mikkel Lykke, Torben Martinussen, Hanne Damgaard Poulsen, Christian Mølgaard, Per Torp Sangild, André Briend, Christian Fink Hansen, Henrik Friis, Kim F Michaelsen, Thomas Thymann
BACKGROUND: Phosphorus (P) levels in refeeding diets are very important as undernourished children are at risk of hypophosphatemia during refeeding. For this reason, conventional corn-soy-blends (CSB) have been reformulated by the World Food Programme to obtain a mono-calcium-phosphate fortified product (CSB+) and a product further fortified with skim milk powder (CBS++). METHODS: Using a piglet model of undernourished children, we hypothesized that feeding of CSB+, CSB++ or CSB+ with added whey permeate (CSB+/wp) would help to prevent refeeding hypophosphatemia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081231/physical-activity-energy-expenditure-nutritional-habits-quality-of-sleep-and-stress-levels-in-shift-working-health-care-personnel
#20
Frederick Charles Roskoden, Janine Krüger, Lena Johanna Vogt, Simone Gärtner, Hans Joachim Hannich, Antje Steveling, Markus M Lerch, Ali A Aghdassi
BACKGROUND: Among health care personnel working regular hours or rotating shifts can affect parameters of general health and nutrition. We have investigated physical activity, sleep quality, metabolic activity and stress levels in health care workers from both groups. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 46 volunteer participants from the workforce of a University Medical Department of which 23 worked in rotating shifts (all nursing) and 21 non-shift regular hours (10 nursing, 13 clerical staff)...
2017: PloS One
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