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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634247/clinicians-perceptions-of-screening-for-food-insecurity-in-suburban-pediatric-practice
#1
Deepak Palakshappa, Aditi Vasan, Saba Khan, Leah Seifu, Chris Feudtner, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: National organizations recommend pediatricians screen for food insecurity (FI). Although there has been growing research in urban practices, little research has addressed FI screening in suburban practices. We evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of screening in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study that implemented FI screening in 6 suburban pediatric primary care practices. We included all children presenting for either a 2-, 15-, or 36-month well-child visit (N = 5645)...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634102/depression-and-asthma-outcomes-in-older-adults-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#2
Pooja O Patel, Minal R Patel, Alan P Baptist
BACKGROUND: Older adults have high rates of asthma morbidity and mortality, as well as increased rates of depression. There are no nationally representative studies describing the association of depression on key asthma outcomes such as emergency department (ED) visits among older adults. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association of depression with asthma outcomes in older adults (age ≥ 55) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633432/factors-associated-with-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-among-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#3
Yechiam Ostchega, Guangyu Zhang, Brian K Kit, Tatiana Nwankwo
BACKGROUND: Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) has a substantial role in hypertension management and control. METHODS: Cross-sectional data for noninstitutionalized US adults 18 years and older (10,958) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), years 2011-2014, were used to examine factors related to HBPM. RESULTS: In 2011-2014, estimated 9.5% of US adults engaged in weekly HBPM, 7.2% engaged in monthly HBPM, 8...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633000/nutrition-support-for-critically-ill-patients-with-cancer
#4
Kristen Lach, Sarah J Peterson
Oncology patients often experience the classic signs of malnutrition-weight loss as well as fat and muscle wasting, which have been associated with poor tolerance to treatment and increased morbidity and mortality. Nutrition status may be an important factor in determining tolerance to treatment and outcomes associated with it. Thus, identification of those with preexisting malnutrition or who are at risk for developing malnutrition is crucial not only at time of cancer diagnosis but also throughout the treatment course so that nutrition interventions may be implemented to prevent development or worsening of malnutrition in this high-risk population...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632972/non-randomised-interventional-study-showed-that-early-aggressive-nutrition-was-effective-in-reducing-postnatal-growth-restriction-in-preterm-infants
#5
Giulia Genoni, Marco Binotti, Alice Monzani, Elena Bernascone, Ilaria Stasi, Gianni Bona, Federica Ferrero
AIM: This study evaluated whether an early aggressive nutrition (EAN) strategy could limit extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) in a cohort of preterm infants. METHODS: This prospective non-randomised interventional study was carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit of an Italian hospital from January 2013 to December 2015. The prevalence of EUGR was assessed in 100 infants with a gestational age of ≤34 weeks, 50 after the introduction of an EAN regimen in October 2014 and 50 before...
June 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632867/effect-of-an-internet-based-program-on-weight-loss-for-low-income-postpartum-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Suzanne Phelan, Todd Hagobian, Anna Brannen, Karen E Hatley, Andrew Schaffner, Karen Muñoz-Christian, Deborah F Tate
Importance: Postpartum weight retention increases lifetime risk of obesity and related morbidity. Few effective interventions exist for multicultural, low-income women. Objective: To test whether an internet-based weight loss program in addition to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC program) for low-income postpartum women could produce greater weight loss than the WIC program alone over 12 months. Design, Setting, and Participants: A 12-month, cluster randomized, assessor-blind, clinical trial enrolling 371 adult postpartum women at 12 clinics in WIC programs from the California central coast between July 2011 and May 2015 with data collection completed in May 2016...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631933/a-salt-reduction-smartphone-app-supports-lower-salt-food-purchases-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-findings-from-the-saltswitch-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Helen Eyles, Rebecca McLean, Bruce Neal, Yannan Jiang, Robert N Doughty, Rachael McLean, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
Background SaltSwitch is an innovative smartphone application (app) that enables shoppers to scan the barcode of a packaged food and receive an immediate, interpretive, traffic light nutrition label on the screen, along with suggestions for lower salt alternatives. Our aim was to determine the effectiveness of SaltSwitch to support people with cardiovascular disease to make lower salt food choices. Design Six-week, two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled trial in Auckland, New Zealand (2 weeks baseline and 4 weeks intervention)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631875/nursing-assessment-as-an-effective-tool-for-the-identification-of-delirium-risk-in-older-in-patients-a-case-control-study
#8
Elena Solà-Miravete, Carlos López, Estrella Martínez-Segura, Mireia Adell-Lleixà, Maria Eulàlia Juvé-Udina, Mar Lleixà-Fortuño
AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness of comprehensive nursing assessment as a strategy for determining the risk of delirium in older in-patients from a model of care needs based on variables easily measured by nurses. BACKGROUND: There are many scales of assessment and prediction of risk of delirium, but they are little known and infrequently used by professionals. Recognition of delirium by doctors and nurses continues to be limited. DESIGN AND METHODS: A case-control study...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631809/anabolic-steroids-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#9
REVIEW
Cho Naing, Maxine A Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bed sores, pressure sores or decubitus ulcers develop as a result of a localised injury to the skin or underlying tissue, or both. The ulcers usually arise over a bony prominence, and are recognised as a common medical problem affecting people confined to a bed or wheelchair for long periods of time. Anabolic steroids are used as off-label drugs (drugs which are used without regulatory approval) and have been used as adjuvants to usual treatment with dressings, debridement, nutritional supplements, systemic antibiotics and antiseptics, which are considered to be supportive in healing of pressure ulcers...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630642/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practice-among-mothers-with-0-24%C3%A2-months-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#10
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Dereje Berhanu Abitew
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential to ensure the health, growth and development of children. However, infant feeding practice is suboptimal in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. The slum area is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing, squalor, with a lack of reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Residents of the slum area were poor and less educated...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629471/improving-child-nutrition-and-development-through-community-based-childcare-centres-in-malawi-the-neep-ie-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Aulo Gelli, Amy Margolies, Marco Santacroce, Katie Sproule, Sophie Theis, Natalie Roschnik, Aisha Twalibu, George Chidalengwa, Amrik Cooper, Tyler Moorhead, Melissa Gladstone, Patricia Kariger, Mangani Kutundu
BACKGROUND: The Nutrition Embedded Evaluation Programme Impact Evaluation (NEEP-IE) study is a cluster randomised controlled trial designed to evaluate the impact of a childcare centre-based integrated nutritional and agricultural intervention on the diets, nutrition and development of young children in Malawi. The intervention includes activities to improve nutritious food production and training/behaviour-change communication to improve food intake, care and hygiene practices. This paper presents the rationale and study design for this randomised control trial...
June 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629468/improving-detection-and-initial-management-of-gestational-diabetes-through-the-primary-level-of-care-in-morocco-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Bettina Utz, Bouchra Assarag, Amina Essolbi, Amina Barkat, Nawal El Ansari, Bouchra Fakhir, Alexandre Delamou, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: Morocco is facing a growing prevalence of diabetes and according to latest figures of the World Health Organization, already 12.4% of the population are affected. A similar prevalence has been reported for gestational diabetes (GDM) and although it is not yet high on the national agenda, immediate and long-term complications threaten the health of mothers and future generations. A situational analysis on GDM conducted in 2015 revealed difficulties in access to screening and delays in receiving appropriate care...
June 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629327/female-begging-calls-reflect-nutritional-need-of-nestlings-in-the-hen-harrier-circus-cyaneus
#13
Steve Redpath, Alex Thompson, Arjun Amar
BACKGROUND: Most birds exhibit bi-parental care with both sexes providing food for their young. Nestling signal food needs through begging. However, for some species, males rarely visit the nest, so have limited opportunity for gaining information directly from the chicks. Instead, females beg when males deliver food. We tested whether this calling signalled nutritional need and specifically the needs of the female (Breeder Need hypothesis) or that of their chicks (Offspring Need hypothesis)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629149/impact-of-second-trimester-maternal-dietary-intake-on-gestational-weight-gain-and-neonatal-birth-weight
#14
Malshani L Pathirathna, Kayoko Sekijima, Mieko Sadakata, Naoshi Fujiwara, Yoshiyuki Muramatsu, Kuruppu M S Wimalasiri
Poor maternal nutrition is a major contributor to the high incidence of low birth weight deliveries in developing countries. This study aimed to assess the impact of second trimester maternal dietary intake on gestational weight gain and neonatal birth weight. A longitudinal study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka. Participants were 141 pregnant women at 18-24 weeks gestation who were followed up until delivery. Maternal dietary intake was assessed using a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire at 21...
June 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628583/improving-hypertension-control-population-wide-in-minnesota
#15
Kathryn Foti, John Auerbach, Sanne Magnan
CONTEXT: Hypertension is a common and costly risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but just over half of all adults with hypertension have their blood pressure controlled nationally. In Minneapolis-St Paul, Minnesota, the rate of hypertension control is approximately 70% despite a rate of hypertension control similar to the national average as recently as the first half of the 1990s. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to identify factors in Minneapolis-St Paul and state-level policies and programs in Minnesota that may have contributed to the more rapid increase in blood pressure control there than that in the rest of the nation and to identify factors that can potentially be replicated in other jurisdictions...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628368/dietitians-perspectives-on-teaching-nutrition-to-medical-students
#16
Emily Burch, Jennifer Crowley, Celia Laur, Sumantra Ray, Lauren Ball
OBJECTIVES: The provision of nutrition care by health professionals can facilitate improved patient nutrition behaviors. Some education institutions include nutrition in their medical curriculum; however, doctors and medical students continue to lack competence in providing nutrition care. Dietitians are increasingly teaching nutrition to medical students, yet evidence on the topic remains anecdotal. It is important to understand the experiences of these dietitians to support improvements in undergraduate medical nutrition education...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627193/-menus-offered-in-long-term-care-homes-quality-of-meal-service-and-nutritional-analysis
#17
Ana Isabel Rodríguez Rejón, María Dolores Ruiz López, Vincenzo Malafarina, Antonio Puerta, Antonia Zuñiga, Reyes Artacho
BACKGROUND: Institutionalization is a risk factor for malnutrition. Low energy intake and/or nutrient deficiencies are considered to be the main causes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of meals and meal service as well as the nutritional value of the main menus (regular menu, menu for diabetics, and pureed menu) offered in three long-term care (LTC) homes located in the metropolitan area of Granada (Spain). METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627189/-nitrogenous-content-in-parenteral-nutrition-a-four-year-experience-in-a-general-hospital-critically-ill-patient-specificity
#18
Juan Luis Villalobos-Gámez, Carlos Lara-Ramos, Yolanda Domínguez-Rivas, Antonio Vallejo-Báez, Francisco Cota-Delgado, Efrén Márquez-Fernández, José Manuel García-Almeida, José Antonio López-Medina, Rosalía Rioja-Vázquez, Albert Santacreu-Regí, Francisca Rius-Díaz, Alfredo Mínguez-Mañanes
INTRODUCTION: There have been several studies focusing on caloric intake during the last years, while protein content relevance has been underestimated. Some recent evidence has shown that protein deficiency has also an impact on patient outcomes. We have studied the nitrogen (N) content in parenteral nutrition (PN) bags administered to adult patients in a Spanish tertiary level hospital for four years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who received parenteral nutrition in the general ward and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) were recorded...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626279/nutritional-status-of-foster-children-in-the-u-s-implications-for-cognitive-and-behavioral-development
#19
Ursula A Tooley, Zeina Makhoul, Philip A Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Children in foster care are at greater risk for poor health, physical, cognitive, behavioral, and developmental outcomes than are children in the general population. Considerable research links early nutrition to later cognitive and behavioral outcomes. The aim of this narrative review is to examine the prevalence of poor nutrition and its relation to subsequent health and development in foster children. METHOD: Relevant studies for inclusion were identified from numerous sources (e...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625316/mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-therapy-as-a-new-horizon-for-kidney-injuries
#20
REVIEW
Amaneh Mohammadi Roushandeh, Marzie Bahadori, Mehryar Habibi Roudkenar
Today, the prevalence of kidney diseases is increasing around the world, but there has still been no effective medical treatment. The therapeutic choices are confined to supportive cares and preventive strategies. Currently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)-based cell therapy was proposed for the treatment of kidney injuries. However, after the transplantation of MSCs, they are exposed to masses of cytotoxic factors involving an inflammatory cytokine storm, a nutritionally-poor hypoxic environment and oxidative stresses that finally lead to minimize the efficacy of MSCs based cell therapy...
February 2017: Archives of Medical Research
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