keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

orthopedic complications

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451945/the-effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-and-activated-collagen-on-wound-healing-in-primary-total-joint-arthroplasty
#1
David C Evans, Bruce G Evans
Wound healing remains a concern in primary total joint arthroplasty, given the risk of deep infections arising from hematomas, wound separations, and superficial infections. If wound additives can prevent these early complications, their universal application would be cost-effective. This study examined whether 2 wound additives, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and activated collagen, would improve postoperative wound healing and reduce complications in primary total joint arthroplasty. A prospective, randomized controlled study was conducted using 3 cohorts with 30 patients each (group 1: PRP; group 2: activated collagen; and group 3: control)...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451944/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-avascular-necrosis-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#2
Anita Vijapura, Harlan B Levine, Michele Donato, Mark A Hartzband, Melissa Baker, Gregg R Klein
The immunosuppressive regimens required for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation predispose recipients to complications, including avascular necrosis. Cancer-related comorbidities, immunosuppression, and poor bone quality theoretically increase the risk for perioperative medical complications, infection, and implant-related complications in total joint arthroplasty. This study reviewed 20 primary total hip arthroplasties for avascular necrosis in 14 patients. Outcomes were assessed at routine clinical visits and Harris hip scores were calculated...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451943/dual-diagnosis-and-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Mitchell R Klement, Brian T Nickel, Abiram Bala, Colin T Penrose, Cynthia L Green, Samuel S Wellman, Michael P Bolognesi, Thorsten M Seyler
The co-occurrence of a mental illness and a substance abuse disorder (SUD) is common and has been referred to as a "dual diagnosis" (DD). Although studies have independently investigated mental illness alone and SUD alone, few have examined the effects of these entities combined on complications. A search of the Medicare database from 2005 to 2012 identified 2000 DD patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA). They were compared with 86,976 patients with mental illness only and 590,689 controls (no mental illness or SUD)...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451939/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-the-weight-bearing-versus-non-weight-bearing-shoulder-mid-term-outcomes-with-minimum-5-year-follow-up
#4
Derek J Cuff, Brandon G Santoni
This retrospective review evaluated the mid-term outcomes of cemented reverse shoulder arthroplasty in patients who use the shoulder for weight bearing (WB) vs non-weight-bearing (NWB) patients. Twenty-five shoulders of 21 patients who used their upper extremity for WB (WB group) were treated with cemented reverse shoulder arthroplasty and followed for a minimum of 5 years postoperatively (average, 73 months). Seventy-five consecutive shoulders of 72 patients who were NWB (NWB group) were treated and matched for duration of follow-up (average, 72 months) to serve as a control group...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451938/the-management-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-after-anterior-cervical-decompression-surgery
#5
Jiliang Zhai, Ripul R Panchal, Ye Tian, Shujie Wang, Lijuan Zhao
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is a rare but potentially troublesome and occasionally catastrophic complication after anterior cervical decompression surgery. There is limited literature describing this complication, and the management of CSF leak varies. The aim of this study was to retrospectively review the treatment of cases with CSF leak and develop a management algorithm. A series of 14 patients with CSF leak from January 2011 to May 2016 were included in this study. Their characteristics, management of CSF leak, and outcomes were documented...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432408/a-randomized-trial-comparing-clinical-outcomes-between-zero-profile-and-traditional-multilevel-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-surgery-for-cervical-myelopathy
#6
Shenghua He, Hualong Feng, Zhiming Lan, Juyi Lai, Zhitao Sun, Yeguang Wang, Jian Wang, Zhiqiang Ren, Feiqiang Huang, Fuguang Xu
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized study from a single center OBJECTIVE.: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between a zero-profile (ZP) anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) construct to a traditional ACDF with anterior cervical plate (ACP) in the treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy can be treated by a variety of techniques, most commonly with corpectomy, ACDF, posterior cervical fusion, or a combination of the three...
March 1, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430498/a-comparison-between-single-and-double-tourniquet-technique-in-distal-upper-limb-orthopedic-surgeries-with-intravenous-regional-anesthesia
#7
Mohammad Haghighi, Mohsen Mardani-Kivi, Ahmadreza Mirbolook, Samaneh Ghazanfar Tehran, Nasim Ashouri Saheli, Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh, Khashayar Sahbe-Ekhtiari
Background: Several studies have put an effort to minimize the tourniquet pain and complications after conventional double tourniquet intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA). We expressed in our hypothesis that an upper arm single wide tourniquet (ST) may serve a better clinical efficacy rather than the conventional upper arm double tourniquet (DT) in distal upper extremity surgeries. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 80 patients undergoing upper limb orthopedic surgeries were randomized into two groups...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421837/all-inside-single-bundle-reconstruction-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-with-the-anterior-half-of-the-peroneus-longus-tendon-compared-to-the-semitendinosus-tendon-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#8
Mingguang Bi, Chen Zhao, Shuijun Zhang, Bin Yao, Zheping Hong, Qing Bi
The anterior half of the peroneus longus tendon (AHPLT) has been reported to be acceptable for ligament reconstruction with respect to strength and safety. However, there is little information regarding the clinical outcomes after using the AHPLT compared with other autograft tendons. A prospective randomized controlled study was performed to compare the results of 62 cases of all-inside anatomical single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using the AHPLT and 62 cases using semitendinosus graft with an average of 30...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420648/selection-of-surgical-treatment-approaches-for-cervicothoracic-spinal-tuberculosis-a-10-year-case-review
#9
Ziqi Zhu, Dingjun Hao, Biao Wang, Wenjie Gao, Ruize Yang, Hua Guo, Yongyi Wang, Lingbo Kong
BACKGROUND: Cervicothoracic spinal tuberculosis is a rare disease. Due to its difficult and challenging surgical exposure, its surgical treatment approach remains inconclusive. Long-term follow-up studies to address this puzzling issue are rarely seen in the literature. The purpose of this study was to explore the selection of surgical treatment approaches for cervicothoracic spinal tuberculosis through a 10-year case review. METHODS: From January 2003 to January 2013, 45 patients suffering from cervicothoracic spinal tuberculosis were treated surgically...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417772/-case-control-study-on-two-different-surgical-approaches-combined-fixation-with-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-single-segmental-lumbar-vertebra-diseases
#10
Zhong-You Zeng, Wei-Feng Yan, Yong-Xing Song, Ke-Ya Mao, Jian-Fei Ji, Jian-Qiao Zhang, Peng Wu, Fei Pei, Guo-Hao Song, Jian-Fu Han, Wei Yu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of two different surgical approaches combined fixation with lumbar interbody fusion in treating single segmental lumbar vertebra diseases. METHODS: The clinical data of 86 patients with single segmental lumbar vertebra diseases treated from June 2011 to June 2013 was retrospectively analyzed. There were 33 males and 53 females, aged from 28 to 76 years old with an average of 53.0 years. Among them, there were 39 cases of lumbar disc degeneration, 22 cases of lumbar disc herniation complicated with spinal canal stenosis, 9 cases of huge lumbar disc herniation and 16 cases of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (Meyerding degree I )...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409190/clinical-presentation-and-surgical-management-of-chronic-achilles-tendon-disorders-a-retrospective-observation-on-a-set-of-consecutive-patients-being-operated-by-the-same-orthopedic-surgeon
#11
Håkan Alfredson, Christoph Spang
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive treatment is not always successful in patients with Achilles tendon disorders, and surgical treatment is instituted as the next step. There is sparse knowledge about the diagnoses, pain levels before surgery, surgically confirmed pathologies and postoperative complications in large patient groups. AIMS: To study the diagnoses, pain scores before surgery, macroscopic surgical findings and postoperative complications in a series of patients treated for Achilles disorders...
June 12, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403615/deep-venous-thrombosis-in-elderly-patients-as-a-surgical-emergency-at-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#12
Reham Muqbil Alanazi, Ashjan Aqeel Alanazi, Ibtihaj Qaseem Alenezi, Anwar Matar Alsulobi, Abdulrhman Fahad Almutairy, Wafaa Mohamed Bakr Ali, Mohammed Abdullah Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alkhidhr, Nagah Mohamed Abo Elfetoh, Abdalla Mohamed Bakr Ali
Background: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a condition that occurs frequently among surgical, as well as acutely ill hospitalized medical patients, and is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Risk factors include older age, surgery and immobilization (as with bed rest, orthopedic casts, and sitting on long flights. Objective: This study was conducted to identify the frequency and factors associated with occurrence of DVT among elderly patients referred to King Abdulaziz University (KAU) Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402715/does-parkinson-disease-increase-the-risk-of-perioperative-complications-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-nationwide-database-study
#13
Jared M Newman, Nipun Sodhi, Sarah E Dalton, Anton Khlopas, Richard P Newman, Carlos A Higuera, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder in the United States, affecting over 1 million people. As part of the disease process, PD can cause poor bone quality and other musculoskeletal problems that can affect a patient's quality of life. With advances in treatment, PD patients can be more active and may be candidates for total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, there is a paucity of literature on the outcomes of THA in PD patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the perioperative outcomes of PD patients who underwent THA...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399001/clavicle-malunions-surgical-treatment-and-outcome-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Claudia Christine Sidler-Maier, Nicolas J Dedy, Emil H Schemitsch, Michael D McKee
Background: Successful treatment of clavicle malunion represents a major challenge for orthopedic surgeons. Questions/Purposes: The aim of this study was to provide an overview of surgical options for the treatment of clavicle malunions regarding their technical details and clinical results. Methods: A comprehensive search of the literature was performed to retrieve articles and conference abstracts regarding the surgical treatment of clavicle malunions...
February 2018: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398987/shoulder-arthroplasty-for-humeral-head-avascular-necrosis-is-associated-with-increased-postoperative-complications
#15
M Tyrrell Burrus, Jourdan M Cancienne, Jeffrey D Boatright, Scott Yang, Stephen F Brockmeier, Brian C Werner
Background: Humeral head avascular necrosis (AVN) of differing etiologies may lead to shoulder arthroplasty due to subchondral bone collapse and deformity of the articular surface. There have been no large studies evaluating the complications for these patients after they undergo total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Questions/Purposes: The first objective of this study is to evaluate the complication rate after TSA in patients with humeral head AVN. The secondary objective is to compare the complication rates among the different etiologies of the AVN...
February 2018: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397294/a-prospective-study-of-coracoclavicular-ligament-reconstruction-with-autogenous-peroneus-longus-tendon-for-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocations
#16
Yu Zhu, Peilin Hsueh, Bingfang Zeng, Yimin Chai, Changqing Zhang, Yunfeng Chen, Yuchen Wang, Tuerxun Maimaitiaili
BACKGROUND: Anatomic coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction (ACCR) provides good outcomes for Rockwood type III and VI acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations. Various grafts have been used, but complications from graft harvesting are not uncommon. This study examined the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients with AC joint dislocations repaired with the autogenous anterior half of the peroneus longus tendon (AHPLT) to achieve ACCR. METHODS: Patients with a Rockwood type III to V AC joint dislocation and magnetic resonance imaging of the disruption of the CC ligaments, as well as the AC capsule, were prospectively recruited...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390496/a-study-on-dynamic-monitoring-components-and-risk-factors-of-embolism-during-total-knee-arthroplasty
#17
Kang Lu, Mingtao Xu, Wei Li, Kai Wang, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND: Fat embolism is a common complication of orthopedic surgery. However, the exact component and risk factor responsible for this complication remains unelucidated. This study aimed to detect the origin of the pulmonary embolus and identify relevant risk factors of pulmonary embolism in total knee replacement. METHODS: A total of 40 osteoarthritis patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA were recruited into this study. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was utilized to dynamically monitor the embolism...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389252/risk-factors-and-predictive-model-development-of-thirty-day-post-operative-surgical-site-infection-in-the-veterans-administration-surgical-population
#18
Xinli Li, William Nylander, Tracy Smith, Soonhee Han, William Gunnar
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) complicates approximately 2% of surgeries in the Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals. Surgical site infections are responsible for increased morbidity, length of hospital stay, cost, and mortality. Surgical site infection can be minimized by modifying risk factors. In this study, we identified risk factors and developed accurate predictive surgical specialty-specific SSI risk prediction models for the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) surgery population...
February 1, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388452/different-competing-risks-models-for-different-questions-may-give-similar-results-in-arthroplasty-registers-in-the-presence-of-few-events
#19
Stéphanie Van Der Pas, Rob Nelissen, Marta Fiocco
Background and purpose - In arthroplasty registry studies, the analysis of time to revision is complicated by the competing risk of death. There are no clear guidelines for the choice between the 2 main adjusted analysis methods, cause-specific Cox and Fine-Gray regression, for orthopedic data. We investigated whether there are benefits, such as insight into different aspects of progression to revision, to using either 1 or both regression methods in arthroplasty registry studies in general, and specifically when the length of follow-up is short relative to the expected survival of the implants...
February 1, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388037/pseudotumor-in-metal-on-metal-hip-arthroplasty-a-comparison-study-of-three-grading-systems-with-mri
#20
C Smeekes, B J M Schouten, M Nix, B F Ongkiehong, R Wolterbeek, B C H van der Wal, R G H H Nelissen
OBJECTIVE: Pseudotumors, a well-known complication of metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (MoM THA), are well identified on metal artifact-reducing sequences magnetic resonance imaging (MARS-MRI). Several MRI grading systems are described in the orthopedic literature, but their validity is unknown in large clinical studies. Our study was undertaken to describe the classification of pseudotumors in a preselected cohort divided into high- and low-risk patients, using three pseudotumor grading systems applied on MARS-MRI, and to determine the interobserver reliability of the grading systems...
February 1, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
keyword
keyword
114230
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"