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pain management and patient satisfaction in emergency department

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616669/the-piper-weekend-study-children-s-and-adults-satisfaction-regarding-paediatric-pain-in-italian-emergency-department
#1
Franca Benini, Sabrina Congedi, Sara Rossin, Angelo Pennella
BACKGROUND: Despite pain being a crucial aspect of urgent-emergency care, the attention of healthcare workers towards this symptom in the Emergency Department (ED) is still inadequate. The aims of this study were to assess children's and their adults accompanier's satisfaction regarding pain management in Italian ED, considering healthcare workers' attention to the symptom as well as the appropriateness and efficacy of treatments received. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered face-to-face by trained interviewers over the period of one weekend in 29 Italian ED...
January 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573161/association-between-pain-control-and-patient-satisfaction-outcomes-in-the-emergency-department-setting
#2
Tristam Brown, Amith Shetty, Dong Fang Zhao, Nathan Harvey, Teresa Yu, Margaret Murphy
OBJECTIVE: Pain management and patient satisfaction are key markers for health systems performance. There is a lack of consensus on the role of analgesia, its adequacy, and its links to patient satisfaction in the ED. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between adequacy of analgesia and patient satisfaction in the ED setting. METHODS: Consenting adult patients (n = 115) presenting to the ED with pain were enrolled, and their pain tracked throughout admission with 11 point numerical pain scores...
March 23, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559868/reducing-opioid-prescribing-rates-in-emergency-medicine
#3
Joseph Guarisco, Adam Salup
Background: Pain management is one of the most common reasons patients visit the emergency department. Understanding the contributions of emergency medicine-and specifically Ochsner Health System's emergency providers-to the opioid crisis is important. Benchmark prescribing data indicated that Ochsner Health System emergency medicine providers' opioid prescription rates were significantly higher than the national average in emergency medicine. Methods: Data relevant to visit and opioid prescription counts were extracted from the organization's electronic health record system...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371045/pediatric-emergency-department-triage-based-pain-guideline-utilizing-intranasal-fentanyl-effect-of-implementation
#4
Kristin Schoolman-Anderson, Roni D Lane, Jeff E Schunk, Nancy Mecham, Richard Thomas, Kathleen Adelgais
BACKGROUND: Pain management guidelines in the emergency department (ED) may reduce time to analgesia administration (TTA). Intranasal fentanyl (INF) is a safe and effective alternative to intravenous opiates. The effect of an ED pain management guideline providing standing orders for nurse-initiated administration of intranasal fentanyl (INF) is not known. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a pediatric ED triage-based pain protocol utilizing intranasal fentanyl (INF) on time to analgesia administration (TTA) and patient and parent satisfaction...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342059/patients-living-alone-can-be-safely-discharged-directly-home-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Andrew N Fleischman, Matthew S Austin, James J Purtill, Javad Parvizi, William J Hozack
BACKGROUND: Despite the expense and potential hazards of inpatient rehabilitation, there is a prevailing belief that patients living alone cannot be safely discharged directly home after total joint arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of direct home discharge for patients living alone during convalescence after primary total joint arthroplasty. METHODS: We prospectively studied 910 consecutive patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty over an 8-month period...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247042/intravenous-versus-oral-paracetamol-for-acute-pain-in-adults-in-the-emergency-department-setting-a-prospective-double-blind-double-dummy-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Jeremy Furyk, Deahnne Levas, Benjamin Close, Kathryn Laspina, Meghan Fitzpatrick, Kelvin Robinson, Venkat N Vangaveti, Robin Ray
OBJECTIVE: To determine if intravenous paracetamol was superior to oral paracetamol as an adjunct to opioids in the management of moderate to severe pain in the ED setting. METHODS: A prospective, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, controlled trial was conducted at a single academic tertiary care ED. Adult patients with moderate to severe pain were randomly assigned to receive either the intravenous paracetamol or oral paracetamol. The primary outcome was Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain reduction at 30 min...
March 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222286/improving-emergency-department-based-care-of-sickle-cell-pain
#7
REVIEW
Jeffrey A Glassberg
Pain is the leading cause of emergency department (ED) visits for individuals living with sickle cell disease (SCD). The care that is delivered in the ED is often cited by patients with SCD as the area of health care in greatest need of improvement. In 2014, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute released guidelines for the care of SCD, including recommendations for the management of acute sickle cell pain in the ED. These guidelines provide a framework to understand the elements of ideal emergency sickle cell pain care; however, they do not provide guidance on barriers and facilitators to achieving these ideals in the complex system of the ED...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196785/improvement-in-physician-pain-perception-with-using-pain-scales
#8
Umut Cakir, Yildiray Cete, Ozlem Yigit, Mehmet Nuri Bozdemir
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute pain is the most common reason for visits to the emergency department (ED). The underuse of analgesics occurs in a large proportion of ED patients. The physician's accurate assessment of patients' pain is a key element to improved pain management. The purpose of this study was to assess if physicians' perception of pain can improve with looking at the pain score of the patient marked on VAS. STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-center, cross-sectional prospective observational study, that took place in an academic ED...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170335/38-a-comparison-of-two-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-severe-ankle-sprains-and-distal-fibular-avulsion-fractures-a-patient-perspective
#9
Sarah Powell
: Stable ankle injuries are highly prevalent in Emergency Departments across the UK. Appropriate management to enable patients to experience a smooth recovery and prevent chronic ankle instability or reoccurrence is a priority. Current literature states that stable ankle fractures and severe ankle sprains can be successfully managed with the below knee plaster or the aircast brace and crutches. The functional brace has proved to be clinically effective in several reports. There has however, been no research to measure patient satisfaction levels between these two treatments...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170297/bet-2-sharing-decisions-for-patients-with-suspected-cardiac-chest-pain-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Abigail Ward, Richard Body
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether shared decision making used alongside a decision aid can lead to greater patient satisfaction, lower healthcare resource use and non-inferior clinical outcomes in patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes. Four studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that the use of shared decision-making tools in the ED for management of patients with low-risk chest pain appears to be beneficial to the patient and the physician...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097856/studying-protocol-based-pain-management-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Akkamahadevi Patil, Madhu Srinivasarangan, Prithvishree Ravindra, Harshit Mundada
Background: Majority of the patients presenting to emergency department (ED) have pain. ED oligoanalgesia remains a challenge. Aims: This study aims to study the effect of implementing a protocol-based pain management in the ED on (1) time to analgesia and (2) adequacy of analgesia obtained. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional study in the ED. Methods: Patients aged 18-65 years of age with pain of numeric rating scale (NRS) ≥4 were included...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083349/prospective-analysis-of-pain-and-pain-management-in-an-emergency-department
#12
Massimiliano Leigheb, Maurizio Sabbatini, Marco Baldrighi, Erik A Hasenboehler, Luca Briacca, Federico Grassi, Mario Cannas, Giancarlo Avanzi, Luigi Mario Castello
. BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The aim of pain management in the Emergency Department (ED) is to temporarily optimize patient quality of life by reducing acute discomfort. The goals of this study were to evaluate the intensity and location of pain experienced by patients in the ED, the time to analgesia administration in the ED, and the patient's satisfaction so to identify potential useful interventions to improve pain management. METHODS: We prospectively collected data on the intensity of pain experienced by 137 patients during their ED stays using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS)...
October 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081670/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-efficiency-of-the-triage-emergency-department-nursing-protocol-for-the-management-of-pain
#13
Loris Butti, Olga Bierti, Raffaela Lanfrit, Romina Bertolini, Sara Chittaro, Stefania Delli Compagni, Davide Del Russo, Rossella Letizia Mancusi, Franco Pertoldi
INTRODUCTION: Pain is a common symptom presented in the emergency department (ED) although it is often underestimated, poorly evaluated and treated. The application of a protocol for timely pain management ensured by the nurse can avoid the delays in the analgesic treatment and improve the patient's quality of waiting. AIMS: To check the effectiveness and efficiency of the protocol aimed at early pain management in triage, active in our ED. In particular, the response to analgesic treatment was evaluated 60 minutes after the administration and at discharge...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067138/does-ear-acupuncture-have-a-role-for-pain-relief-in-the-emergency-setting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Andrew L Jan, Emogene S Aldridge, Ian R Rogers, Eric J Visser, Max K Bulsara, Richard C Niemtzow
Objective: Ear acupuncture might be the form of acupuncture best suited to improving acute pain management in the emergency department (ED). The primary aim of this review was to assess the analgesic efficacy of ear acupuncture in the ED. Secondary outcomes included measures of patient satisfaction, adverse effects, cost, administration techniques, and reduction of medication usage. Methods: Seven databases and Google Scholar were searched up to April 27, 2017, using MeSH descriptors for three overarching themes (ear acupuncture, pain management, and emergency medicine)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039292/an-innovative-short-stay-health-care-model-for-treatment-of-uncomplicated-vaso-occlusive-crisis-in-adult-sickle-cell-disease-patients-in-canada-to-reduce-emergency-department-utilization
#15
Andrew Binding, Richard Ward, Chai Phua, Veronique Naessens, Tara O'Brien, Sacha Bhatia, Hayley Baranek, Husayn Marani, Geetha Mukerji
OBJECTIVES: Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) with vaso-occlusive crises (VOC) often visit the emergency department (ED) for management of painful episodes. The primary objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the acceptability of a short-stay model for treatment of VOC in SCD outside of the ED in Toronto, Canada. Secondary objectives were to assess patient satisfaction of this model, barriers to its use and comparison of clinical outcomes to a historical control. METHODS: Adult SCD patients with symptoms of an uncomplicated VOC between October 2014 to July 2016 were managed according to best practice recommendations in a short-stay unit as an alternative to the local emergency room...
October 17, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033296/a-comparison-of-headache-treatment-in-the-emergency-department-prochlorperazine-versus-ketamine
#16
Tony Zitek, Melanie Gates, Christopher Pitotti, Alexandria Bartlett, Jayme Patel, Aryan Rahbar, Wesley Forred, Joseph S Sontgerath, Jill M Clark
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Intravenous subdissociative-dose ketamine has been shown to be effective for pain management, but has not been specifically studied for headaches in the emergency department (ED). For this reason, we designed a study to compare standard treatment (prochlorperazine) with ketamine in patients with benign headaches in the ED. METHODS: This study was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial with a convenience sample of patients presenting to the ED with benign headaches...
March 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655309/the-effectiveness-of-emergency-nurse-practitioner-service-in-the-management-of-patients-presenting-to-rural-hospitals-with-chest-pain-a-multisite-prospective-longitudinal-nested-cohort-study
#17
Tina E Roche, Glenn Gardner, Leanne Jack
BACKGROUND: Health reforms in service improvement have included the use of nurse practitioners. In rural emergency departments, nurse practitioners work to the full scope of their expanded role across all patient acuities including those presenting with undifferentiated chest pain. Currently, there is a paucity of evidence regarding the effectiveness of emergency nurse practitioner service in rural emergency departments. Inquiry into the safety and quality of the service, particularly regarding the management of complex conditions is a priority to ensure that this service improvement model meets health care needs of rural communities...
June 27, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601270/comparative-effectiveness-of-patient-controlled-analgesia-for-treating-acute-pain-in-the-emergency-department
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Polly E Bijur, Angela M Mills, Andrew K Chang, Deborah White, Andrew Restivo, Shaun Persaud, Clyde B Schechter, E John Gallagher, Adrienne J Birnbaum
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess the effectiveness of patient-controlled analgesia in the emergency department (ED). We hypothesized that decline in pain intensity from 30 to 120 minutes after initial intravenous opioid administration is greater in patients receiving morphine by patient-controlled analgesia compared with usual care and would differ by a clinically significant amount. METHOD: This was a pragmatic randomized controlled trial of patient-controlled analgesia and usual care (opioid and dose at physician's discretion) in 4 EDs...
December 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538139/advanced-musculoskeletal-physiotherapists-are-effective-and-safe-in-managing-patients-with-acute-low-back-pain-presenting-to-emergency-departments
#19
James M Sayer, Rita M Kinsella, Belinda A Cary, Angela T Burge, Lara A Kimmel, Paula Harding
Objective The aim of this study was to compare emergency department (ED) key performance indicators for patients presenting with low back pain and seen by an advanced musculoskeletal physiotherapist (AMP) with those seen by other non-AMP clinicians (ED doctors and nurse practitioners).Methods A retrospective audit (October 2012-September 2013) was performed of data from three metropolitan public hospital EDs to compare patients with low back pain seen by AMP and non-AMP clinicians. Outcome measures included ED length of stay, ED wait time, admission rates and re-presentation to the ED...
May 25, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463868/application-of-primary-care-guideline-for-chronic-low-back-pain-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Rebeca M Tacy, Sherry Donaworth, Kathleen Ballman
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a primary care condition that overflows into the emergency department (ED). No ED-specific practice guideline exists for the management of patients with CLBP in the ED setting. Back pain is a common chief complaint, with cases of CLBP making up to 50% of the patients seen with back pain in an urban, freestanding ED affiliated with a multicampus health system in the Midwest where 25% of patients live below the poverty line and 21.8% do not have primary care. Kolcaba's Theory of Comfort guides the implementation of an evidence-based practice application project...
April 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
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