Read by QxMD icon Read

pneumonia ventilator babies

Amira El-Messidi, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Andrea R Spence, Haim Arie Abenhaim
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, tuberculosis remains a major health concern, with an estimated 9.6 million people infected in the year 2014, of which one-third were women. Tuberculosis is estimated to be even more prevalent in pregnant women than the general population. To date there is conflicting evidence on the maternal and neonatal complications of tuberculosis in pregnancy OBJECTIVE: To determine the trends in the incidence of tuberculosis in pregnancy and to examine the associations between tuberculosis in pregnancy and maternal and fetal complications...
August 13, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mohammed Al-Ghafri, Said Al-Hanshi, Suad Al-Ismaily
Pulmonary pneumatocele is a thin-walled, gas-filled space within the lung that usually occurs in association with bacterial pneumonia and is usually transient. The majority of pneumatoceles resolve spontaneously without active intervention, but in some cases they might lead to pneumothorax with subsequent hemodynamic instability. We report two cases presented to the pediatric intensive care unit at the Royal Hospital, Oman with pneumatoceles. The first was a 14-day-old baby who underwent surgical repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support following surgery...
July 2015: Oman Medical Journal
Sujit K Chowdhary, Deepak K Kandpal, Deepak Agarwal, Saroja Balan, Nameet Jerath, Anupam Sibal, Sohan L Broor
AIM: The aim of the study is to report feasibility and safety of endoscopic esophageal substitution in infants with pure esophageal atresia and wide gap tracheoesophageal fistula with a minimum one year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted from January 2012 for twenty four consecutive months at Apollo Hospital, New Delhi. All babies either followed up or referred for esophageal substitution without any history of mediastinitis or associated major congenital anomaly and weighing greater than 6kg were to be included in the study...
March 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
G M Galstian, V A Novikov, V V Troitskaia, E A Bariakh, S A Makhinia, E N Parovichnikova, V G Savchenko
AIM: To estimate the informative value of ultrasonography (USG) in the diagnosis of lung injuries in pregnant women with blood system tumors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Lung ultrasound was performed in 5 pregnant patients with blood cancers. The women's age was 29-38 years; gestational age was 14-33 weeks. Four women had different types of acute leukemia; one had primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma. All the women received chemotherapy for blood cancer. When there were signs of lung injury, USG was conducted, the results of which necessitated therapy or bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)...
2015: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Graeme MacLaren, Kollengode R Ramanathan, Vitaly Sorokin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Intensive Care Medicine
Numan Nafie Hameed, Ra'id Khalil Abdul Jaleel, Ola Didrik Saugstad
OBJECTIVES: To study maternal and neonatal risk factors related to outcome of preterm babies with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) on Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) in a tertiary Iraqi NICU. METHODS: A prospective case study carried out from January 5, 2011 to January 5, 2012, on 70 preterm neonates with RDS who were started on CPAP. Maternal and infant variables of preterm babies with successful or failed CPAP therapy were compared. RESULTS: Seventy neonates, 44 (63%) males and 26 (37%) females were included...
April 2014: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Rehan Ali, Shakeel Ahmed, Maqbool Qadir, Prem Maheshwari, Rehan Khan
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal pneumothoraces are associated with high mortality. Prompt recognition to minimize its complications is paramount for ultimate outcome of these babies. METHODS: A retrospective case series study was carried out at Aga khan University Hospital, from January 2010 to December 2010 to determine the etiology and outcome of neonates with pneumothorax in a neonatal tertiary care unit. RESULTS: Ten neonates diagnosed radiologically with pneumothoraces were included...
January 2013: Oman Medical Journal
Sunita Singh, Ashish Wakhlu, Anand Pandey, Anita Singh, Shiv N Kureel, Jiledar Rawat, Payal Mishra Srivastava
AIMS: To analyze whether outcome of neonates having esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA±TEF) associated with anorectal malformation (ARM) can be improved by doing surgery in 2 stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of neonates having both EA±TEF and ARM from 2004 to 2011. The patients with favorable parameters were operated in a single stage, whereas others underwent first-stage decompression surgery for ARM. Thereafter, once septicemia was under control and ventilator care available, second-stage surgery for EA±TEF was performed...
July 2012: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Nilufer Guzoglu, H Gozde Kanmaz, Dilek Dilli, Nurdan Uras, Omer Erdeve, Ugur Dilmen
OBJECTIVES AND AIM: IVF has become an efficient and widely used treatment for infertile couples, however, it is responsible for an increasing number of multifetal pregnancies and adverse neonatal outcomes. This study aimed to assess a health service utilization in one neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), as a response to the 2010 Turkish reproductive regulation requiring single embryo transfer (SET). METHODS: All assisted reproductive technology (ART) pregnancies delivered at Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital between February 2010 and October 2011 were included in this study...
August 2012: Human Reproduction
Avinash Anantharaj, B Vishnu Bhat
Over a two-year period, we studied a total of 100 newborns delivered in our hospital, needing ventilation. The indications for ventilation, complications, outcome, and factors influencing outcome were analyzed. Of the 100 babies, 54 were preterm, 44 term and 2 post-term. Overall survival was 58%. The commonest indication for ventilation was meconium aspiration syndrome in term babies and hyaline membrane disease in preterms. Babies ventilated for pneumonia had the best outcome, while the poorest outcome was in sepsis...
September 2011: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Amir Ytzhak, Ram Sagi, Tarif Bader, Amit Assa, Alon Farfel, Ofer Merin, Yitshak Kreiss
INTRODUCTION: Medical resources may be overwhelmed in a mass disaster situation. Intensive care resources may be limited even further. When the demand for a certain resource, like ventilators, exceeds its availability, caregivers are faced with the task of deciding how to distribute this resource.Ethical dilemmas arise when a practical decision necessitates ranking the importance of several ethical principles. In a disaster area, the greatest good for the greatest number principle and the goal of equal distribution of resources may take priority over the needs of the individual...
February 2012: Critical Care Medicine
Florence Murila, Johny V Francis, Amy Bland, Surekha Kumbla, Richard Doherty, Arvind Sehgal
AIMS: Diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia in newborns is challenging because of ease of colonisation, non-specific chest radiograph changes and lack of a consensus definition. The aims of this study were to review treatment decisions in neonates with culture-positive endotracheal aspirate and to assess impact on respiratory outcomes using blinded review of radiological studies. METHODS: Charts from all very low birthweight neonates ventilated for >48 h and with positive culture were assessed...
October 2011: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Gema Calderón, Esther García, Pilar Rojas, Elisa García, Marisa Rosso, Antonio Losada
INTRODUCTION: Chryseobacterium indologenes is an uncommon human pathogen. Most infections have been detected in hospitalized patients with severe underlying diseases who had indwelling devices implanted. Infection caused by C. indologenes in a newborn has not been previously reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by C. indologenes in a full-term Caucasian newborn baby boy with congenital heart disease who was successfully treated with piperacillin-tazobactam...
2011: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Lelia Duley, David J Henderson-Smart, Doris Chou
BACKGROUND: Eclampsia, the occurrence of a seizure in association with pre-eclampsia, remains a rare but serious complication of pregnancy. A number of different anticonvulsants have been used to control eclamptic fits and to prevent further seizures. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the effects of magnesium sulphate compared with phenytoin when used for the care of women with eclampsia. Magnesium sulphate is compared with diazepam and with lytic cocktail in other Cochrane reviews...
2010: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Xiu-jing Wu, Xuan-dong Zhang, Li-ping Shi
OBJECTIVE: Severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) caused by pulmonary surfactant (PS) deficiency is described not only in preterm infants but also in term babies delivered via caesarean section, especially before the onset of labour (elective caesarean section). Once RDS of term neonates happened, mechanical ventilation is needed, and the infants were at high risk of developing further complications such as persistent pulmonary hypertension of neonates (PPHN), pulmonary air leak and cardiovascular instability, even fatal outcome cannot be avoided...
September 2009: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Jagdish Koti, Srinivas Murki, Pramod Gaddam, Anupama Reddy, M Dasaradha Rami Reddy
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the immediate outcome of preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) on Bubble CPAP and identify risk factors associated with its failure. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analytical study. SUBJECTS: Inborn preterm infants (gestation 28 to 34 weeks) admitted to the NICU with respiratory distress and chest X ray suggestive of RDS. INTERVENTION: Bubble CPAP with bi-nasal prongs. PRIMARY OUTCOME: CPAP failures infants requiring ventilation in the first one week...
February 2010: Indian Pediatrics
D G Sweet, H L Halliday
Surfactant replacement therapy has been available for about 25 years, revolutionising neonatal respiratory care after its introduction in the 1980s. Along with antenatal steroids, surfactants improve survival for preterm babies and they are now recommended routinely as early in the course of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) as possible. Prophylactic treatment, although appearing ideal, exposes some babies who might manage perfectly well on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to intubation and ventilation, which may increase the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
June 2009: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
G M Hiremath, K Mukhopadhyay, A Narang
We conducted this study to find out the incidence of extubation failure (EF) in ventilated neonates and associated clinical risk factors. Eighty two ventilated neonates were followed up to 48 hours post extubation to look for EF. Twenty two babies (26.8%) had EF. The common risk factors for EF were presence of patent ductus arteriosus, post-extubation lung collapse and acquired pneumonia. The duration of ventilation, and maximum and pre-extubation alveolar arterial oxygen gradients (AaDO2) were significantly higher (P<0...
October 2009: Indian Pediatrics
Kimihiko Murase, Yukihiro Imai, Ryo Tachikawa, Yuka Harada, Ryutaro Seo, Reiko Kaji, Yoshimi Takeshima, Michio Hayashi, Takashi Nishimura, Keisuke Tomii, Nobuyuki Katagami, Kyosuke Ishihara
We report an autopsied 33 year old pregnant woman with racemose hemangioma of the bronchial arteries. She was first given a diagnosis of racemose hemangioma of the bronchial arteries at age 19 and underwent surgical ligation. Nevertheless, she had to be admitted to the hospital for bronchial artery embolizations every time hemoptysis recurred. In her 21st gestational week, she was admitted to our hospital because of her 9th recurrent massive hemoptysis and dyspnea. Bronchial artery embolizations were repeatedly performed under intubation to ventilate the healthy left lung separately...
January 2009: Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai Zasshi, the Journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
V K Bhutani
Passage of fetal bowel movement (meconium) is common (in about one out of six births), and in some the staining of the amniotic fluid is a sign of fetal distress. Inhalation of meconium (aspiration syndrome, in upto one out of five to eight such births) just before or at birth may be preventable by a coordinated approach by well-trained and informed birth attendants. Respiratory failure secondary to meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal population...
December 2008: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"