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BOLD Mri

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098938/towards-prognostic-biomarkers-from-bold-fluctuations-to-differentiate-a-first-epileptic-seizure-from-new-onset-epilepsy
#1
Lalit Gupta, Rick Janssens, Mariëlle C G Vlooswijk, Rob P W Rouhl, Anton de Louw, Albert P Aldenkamp, Shrutin Ulman, René M H Besseling, Paul A M Hofman, Vivianne H van Kranen-Mastenbroek, Danny M Hilkman, Jacobus F A Jansen, Walter H Backes
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of epilepsy cannot be reliably made prior to a patient's second seizure in most cases. Therefore, adequate diagnostic tools are needed to differentiate subjects with a first seizure from those with a seizure preceding the onset of epilepsy. The objective was to explore spontaneous blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) fluctuations in subjects with a first-ever seizure and patients with new-onset epilepsy (NOE), and to find characteristic biomarkers for seizure recurrence after the first seizure...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089677/global-signal-regression-acts-as-a-temporal-downweighting-process-in-resting-state-fmri
#2
Alican Nalci, Bhaskar D Rao, Thomas T Liu
In resting-state functional MRI (rsfMRI), the correlation between blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signals across different brain regions is used to estimate the functional connectivity of the brain. This approach has led to the identification of a number of resting-state networks, including the default mode network (DMN) and the task positive network (TPN). Global signal regression (GSR) is a widely used pre-processing step in rsfMRI that has been shown to improve the spatial specificity of the estimated resting-state networks...
January 9, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079057/functional-mri-of-the-reserpine-induced-putative-rat-model-of-fibromyalgia-reveals-discriminatory-patterns-of-functional-augmentation-to-acute-nociceptive-stimuli
#3
Jack A Wells, Sayaka Shibata, Akihiko Fujikawa, Masayasu Takahashi, Tsuneo Saga, Ichio Aoki
Functional neuroimaging, applied to pre-clinical models of chronic pain, offers unique advantages in the drive to discover new treatments for this prevalent and oppressive condition. The high spatial and temporal resolution of fMRI affords detailed mapping of regional pharmacodynamics that underlie mechanisms of pain suppression by new analgesics. Despite evidence supporting the translational relevance of this approach, relatively few studies have investigated fMRI abnormalities in rodent models of chronic pain...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075019/differential-recruitment-of-brain-regions-during-response-inhibition-in-children-prenatally-exposed-to-alcohol
#4
Vikas N Kodali, Joseph L Jacobson, Nadine M Lindinger, Neil C Dodge, Christopher D Molteno, Ernesta M Meintjes, Sandra W Jacobson
BACKGROUND: Response inhibition is a distinct aspect of executive function that is frequently impaired in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). We used a Go/NoGo (GNG) task in a functional MRI protocol to investigate differential activation of brain regions in the response inhibition network in children diagnosed with full or partial fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS/PFAS), compared with healthy controls. METHODS: A rapid, event-related task with 120 Go and 60 NoGo trials was used to study children aged 8 to 12 years-8 with FAS/PFAS, 17 controls...
January 11, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074492/confirmation-of-resting-state-bold-fluctuations-in-the-human-brainstem-and-spinal-cord-after-identification-and-removal-of-physiological-noise
#5
Shreyas Harita, Patrick W Stroman
PURPOSE: Resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) has been used to investigate networks within the cortex, but its use in the brainstem (BS) and spinal cord (SC) has been limited. This region presents challenges for fMRI, partly because of sources of physiological noise. This study aims to quantify noise contributions to rs-fMRI, and to obtain evidence of resting-state blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) fluctuations. METHODS: Resting-state-fMRI data were obtained from the BS/SC in 16 participants, at 3 Tesla, with T2 -weighted single-shot fast spin-echo imaging...
January 11, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072842/fractal-analysis-of-brain-blood-oxygenation-level-dependent-bold-signals-from-children-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi
#6
Olga Dona, Michael D Noseworthy, Carol DeMatteo, John F Connolly
BACKGROUND: Conventional imaging techniques are unable to detect abnormalities in the brain following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Yet patients with mTBI typically show delayed response on neuropsychological evaluation. Because fractal geometry represents complexity, we explored its utility in measuring temporal fluctuations of brain resting state blood oxygen level dependent (rs-BOLD) signal. We hypothesized that there could be a detectable difference in rs-BOLD signal complexity between healthy subjects and mTBI patients based on previous studies that associated reduction in signal complexity with disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066708/right-inferior-frontal-cortex-activity-correlates-with-tolcapone-responsivity-in-problem-and-pathological-gamblers
#7
Andrew S Kayser, Taylor Vega, Dawn Weinstein, Jan Peters, Jennifer M Mitchell
Failures of self-regulation in problem and pathological gambling (PPG) are thought to emerge from failures of top-down control, reflected neurophysiologically in a reduced capacity of prefrontal cortex to influence activity within subcortical structures. In patients with addictions, these impairments have been argued to alter evaluation of reward within dopaminergic neuromodulatory systems. Previously we demonstrated that augmenting dopamine tone in frontal cortex via use of tolcapone, an inhibitor of the dopamine-degrading enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), reduced delay discounting, a measure of impulsivity, in healthy subjects...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052074/distinction-between-neural-and-vascular-bold-oscillations-and-intertwined-heart-rate-oscillations-at-0-1-hz-in-the-resting-state-and-during-movement
#8
Gert Pfurtscheller, Andreas Schwerdtfeger, Clemens Brunner, Christoph Aigner, David Fink, Joana Brito, Marciano P Carmo, Alexandre Andrade
In the resting state, blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) oscillations with a frequency of about 0.1 Hz are conspicuous. Whether their origin is neural or vascular is not yet fully understood. Furthermore, it is not clear whether these BOLD oscillations interact with slow oscillations in heart rate (HR). To address these two questions, we estimated phase-locking (PL) values between precentral gyrus (PCG) and insula in 25 scanner-naïve individuals during rest and stimulus-paced finger movements in both hemispheres...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051026/blood-oxygenation-level-dependent-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-breast-cancer-correlation-with-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor
#9
Ying Wang, Min Liu, Mu-Lan Jin
BACKGROUND: Blood oxygenation level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-MRI) is a functional MRI technique which involves using the paramagnetic properties of deoxyhemoglobin to image the local tissue oxygen concentration. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether BOLD-MRI could evaluate hypoxia and angiogenesis of breast invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). METHODS: Ninety-eight female patients with IDC were retrospectively included in this research...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050345/functional-mri-vs-navigated-tms-to-optimize-m1-seed-volume-delineation-for-dti-tractography-a-prospective-study-in-patients-with-brain-tumours-adjacent-to-the-corticospinal-tract
#10
Carolin Weiss Lucas, Irada Tursunova, Volker Neuschmelting, Charlotte Nettekoven, Ana-Maria Oros-Peusquens, Gabriele Stoffels, Andrea Maria Faymonville, Shah N Jon, Karl Josef Langen, Hannah Lockau, Roland Goldbrunner, Christian Grefkes
BACKGROUND: DTI-based tractography is an increasingly important tool for planning brain surgery in patients suffering from brain tumours. However, there is an ongoing debate which tracking approaches yield the most valid results. Especially the use of functional localizer data such as navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) seem to improve fibre tracking data in conditions where anatomical landmarks are less informative due to tumour-induced distortions of the gyral anatomy...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048928/we-fg-206-02-brief-variations-of-bold-signal-in-resting-state-fmri-leading-to-functional-connectivity-pattern-identification
#11
N Ball, N Chen
PURPOSE: To assess the role of spontaneous brain activity in identifying functional connectivity patterns in the brain during resting-state using both high and low blood-oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signals from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHODS: fMRI BOLD signals within seed regions from known functional connectivity networks were extracted to find an average seed-region time profile. A threshold was applied to the BOLD signal and and time points were selected where the BOLD signal satisfied the threshold requirements...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048852/su-f-t-645-to-test-spatial-anddosimetric-accuracy-of-small-cranial-target-irradiation-based-on-1-5-t-mriscans-using-static-arcs-with-mlcdefined-fields
#12
I Brezovich, X Wu, R Popple, S Shen, R Cardan, M Bolding, J Fiveash, J Kraus, S Spencer
PURPOSE: To test spatial and dosimetric accuracy of small cranial target irradiation based on 1.5 T MRI scans using static arcs with MLC-defined fields METHODS: A plastic (PMMA) phantom simulating a small brain lesion was mounted on a GammaKnife headframe equipped with MRI localizer. The lesion was a 3 mm long, 3.175 mm diameter cylindrical cavity filled with MRI contrast. Radiochromic film passing through the cavity was marked with pin pricks at the cavity center. The cavity was contoured on an MRI image and fused with CT to simulate treatment of a lesion not visible on CT...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048423/we-fg-bra-08-potential-role-of-the-glycolytic-oscillator-in-acute-hypoxia-in-tumors
#13
L Che Fru, E Adamson, D Campos, S Fain, S Jacques, A van der Kogel, K Nickel, C Song, R Kimple, M Kissick
PURPOSE: Oscillatory dynamics in acute hypoxia have been observed, but poorly understood. They have mostly been attributed to vascular perturbations, but no link has yet been made to metabolic causes. We set out to determine the fundamental frequencies and test for coherence in tumor oxygen dynamics and spatial properties. METHODS: Severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice were inoculated onto bilateral flanks with human derived head and neck carcinoma (UW-SCC22) cell line xenografts...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047432/su-g-iep1-11-resting-state-fluctuation-of-bold-signal-amplitude-for-mapping-cerebrovascular-reactivity-in-presurgical-functional-mri
#14
P Wang, P Hou, S Kesler, R Colen, A Kumar, S Prabhu, H Liu
PURPOSE: Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) MRI with hypercapnia challenges, such as a breath-hold (BH) task, has been proposed to indicate areas with neurovascular uncoupling potentials for presurgical functional MRI (fMRI). This study aimed to explore the use of resting-state (RS) fMRI, in particular, the RS fluctuation of amplitude (RSFA) for detecting the impaired CVR and compare with BH MRI in patients with gliomas. METHODS: The BH and RS fMRI from six patients as part of their presurgical fMRI studies were analyzed...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046902/su-d-207a-03-potential-role-of-bold-mri-in-discrimination-of-aggressive-tumor-habitat-in-prostate-cancer
#15
J Ford, C Lopez, Y Tschudi, A Breto, K Padgett, A Pollack, R Stoyanova
PURPOSE: To determine whether blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) MRI signal measured in prostate cancer patients, in addition to quantitative diffusion and perfusion parameters from multiparametric (mp)MRI exams, can help discriminate aggressive and/or radioresistant lesions. METHODS: Several ongoing clinical trials in our institution require mpMRI exam to determine eligibility (presence of identifiable tumor lesion on mpMRI) and prostate volumes for dose escalation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046230/we-fg-bra-03-oxygen-interplay-in-hypofractionated-radiotherapy-a-hidden-opportunity
#16
M Kissick, D Campos, V Desai, L Che Fru
PURPOSE: Local oxygen during a radiotherapy fraction has been shown to change over a full range of the oxygen enhancement ratio (OER) during the same time scale as the treatment fraction. Interplay with local oxygen is then likely a concern, especially for hypofractionation. Our experiments that show a strong role for metabolic dynamics suggesting one could manipulate this interplay for more efficacious treatments. METHODS: Two published experiments are presented with the same human head and neck cancer cell line (UM-SCC-22B)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045051/randomized-trial-on-the-effects-of-a-combined-physical-cognitive-training-in-aged-mci-subjects-the-train-the-brain-study
#17
(no author information available yet)
Age-related cognitive impairment and dementia are an increasing societal burden. Epidemiological studies indicate that lifestyle factors, e.g. physical, cognitive and social activities, correlate with reduced dementia risk; moreover, positive effects on cognition of physical/cognitive training have been found in cognitively unimpaired elders. Less is known about effectiveness and action mechanisms of physical/cognitive training in elders already suffering from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), a population at high risk for dementia...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011251/prospective-motion-correction-in-diffusion-weighted-imaging-using-intermediate-pseudo-trace-weighted-images
#18
Daniel Christopher Hoinkiss, David Andrew Porter
Subject head motion is a major challenge in diffusion-weighted imaging, which requires a precise alignment of images from different time points to allow a reliable quantification of diffusion parameters within each voxel. The technique requires long measurement times, making it highly sensitive to long-term subject motion, even when head restraint is used. Current methods of data analysis rely on retrospective motion correction, but there are potential benefits to using prospective motion correction, in which motion is tracked and compensated for during data acquisition...
December 20, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003958/metrics-of-brain-network-architecture-capture-the-impact-of-disease-in-children-with-epilepsy
#19
Michael J Paldino, Wei Zhang, Zili D Chu, Farahnaz Golriz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is associated with alterations in the structural framework of the cerebral network. The aim of this study was to measure the potential of global metrics of network architecture derived from resting state functional MRI to capture the impact of epilepsy on the developing brain. METHODS: Pediatric patients were retrospectively identified with: 1. Focal epilepsy; 2. Brain MRI at 3 Tesla, including resting state functional MRI; 3. Full scale IQ measured by a pediatric neuropsychologist...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997033/brain-mechanisms-of-abnormal-temperature-perception-in-cold-allodynia-induced-by-ciguatoxin
#20
Anneka Eisenblätter, Richard Lewis, Arnd Dörfler, Clemens Forster, Katharina Zimmermann
OBJECTIVE: Cold allodynia occurs as a major symptom of neuropathic pain states. It remains poorly treated with current analgesics. Ciguatoxins (CTXs), ichthyosarcotoxins that cause ciguatera, produce a large peripheral sensitization to dynamic cold stimuli in Aδ-fibers by activating sodium channels without producing heat or mechanical allodynia. We used CTXs as surrogate model of cold allodynia to dissect the framework of cold allodynia activated central pain pathways. METHODS: Reversible cold allodynia was induced in healthy male volunteers by shallow intracutaneous injection of low nM concentrations of CTX into the dorsal skin of the forefoot...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Neurology
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