keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Right to die

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101954/task-sharing-with-nurses-to-enhance-access-to-hiv-treatment-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#1
Margaret L McNairy, Jules B Bashi, Hannah Chung, Louise Wemin, Marie-Nicole Akpro Lorng, Hermann Brou, Cyprien Nioble, A Lokossué, Kouame Abo, Delphine Achi, Kiyali Ouattara, Daniel Sess, Pongathie Adama Sanogo, Alexandre Ekra, Virginie Ettiegne-Traore, Conombo J Diabate, Elaine J Abrams, Wafaa M El-Sadr
OBJECTIVE: We report the first national program in Côte d'Ivoire to evaluate the feasibility of nurse-led HIV care as a model of task-sharing with nurses to increase coverage and decentralization of HIV services. METHODS: Twenty-six public HIV facilities implemented either a nurse-with-onsite-physician or a nurse-with-visiting-physician model of HIV task-sharing. Routinely collected patient data were reviewed to analyze patient characteristics of those enrolling in care and initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
January 18, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101681/extended-liver-venous-deprivation-before-major-hepatectomy-induces-marked-and-very-rapid-increase-in-future-liver-remnant-function
#2
Boris Guiu, François Quenet, Laure Escal, Frédéric Bibeau, Lauranne Piron, Philippe Rouanet, Jean-Michel Fabre, Eric Jacquet, Alban Denys, Pierre-Olivier Kotzki, Daniel Verzilli, Emmanuel Deshayes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of extended liver venous deprivation (eLVD), i.e. combination of right portal vein embolisation and right (accessory right) and middle hepatic vein embolisation before major hepatectomy for future remnant liver (FRL) functional increase. METHODS: eLVD was performed in non-cirrhotic patients referred for major hepatectomy in a context of small FRL (baseline FRL <25% of the total liver volume or FRL function <2...
January 18, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100343/-effect-of-stenting-for-the-proximal-atherosclerotic-extracranial-vertebral-artery-stenosis
#3
W Q Che, X J Jiang, H Dong, M Peng, Y B Zou, L Song, H M Zhang, H L Xiong, H Y Wu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of stenting for proximal atherosclerotic extracranial vertebral artery stenosis. Methods: A total of 204 proximal atherosclerotic extracranial vertebral artery stenosis patients underwent stent implantation at Fuwai Hospital were enrolled consecutively between August 2007 and June 2014 prospectively. Medical records were collected and the clinical results were obtained through outpatient and telephone follow up. Results: (1) The patients were (64.1±7.9) years old, and 179 were male (87...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100140/human-rights-and-dignity-behind-bars
#4
Tina Maschi, Marina Richter
Death and dying in prisons constitute a topic of growing importance across the globe. Based on the contributions made in this special issue, we reflect on current debates and outline recommendations for dialogue and practice. Scientific dialogue across the Atlantic, and across the globe, provides insights into different national carceral systems and their ways of dealing with end of life behind bars. At the same time, the comparison also helps to identify basic needs and practices that can work in various settings...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099749/a-systematic-review-of-maternal-near-miss-and-mortality-due-to-postpartum-hemorrhage
#5
REVIEW
Salome Maswime, Eckhart Buchmann
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the principal direct cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Analysis of maternal near miss could increase understanding of survival among women with life-threatening PPH. OBJECTIVES: To determine the near-miss ratio and maternal mortality index for PPH globally. SEARCH STRATEGY: A prevalence systematic review was conducted of English-language articles published from 1995 to 2014. Suitable articles were identified from the Scopus, PubMed, Embase, and Grey Literature databases...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097802/genomic-analysis-and-clinical-management-of-adolescent-cutaneous-melanoma
#6
Roy Rabbie, Mamun Rashid, Ana M Arance, Marcelo Sánchez, Gemma Tell-Marti, Miriam Potrony, Carles Conill, Remco van Doorn, Stefan Dentro, Nellele A Gruis, Pippa Corrie, Vivek Iyer, Carla Daniela Robles-Espinoza, Joan A Puig-Butille, Susana Puig, David J Adams
Melanoma in young children is rare, however its incidence in adolescents and young adults is rising. We describe the clinical course of a 15-year-old female diagnosed with AJCC stage IB non-ulcerated primary melanoma, who died from metastatic disease four years after diagnosis despite three lines of modern systemic therapy. We also present the complete genomic profile of her tumour and compare this to a further series of 13 adolescent melanomas, and 275 adult cutaneous melanomas. A somatic BRAF(V)(600E) mutation and a high mutational load equivalent to that found in adult melanoma, and composed primarily of C>T mutations was observed...
January 17, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092203/machine-learning-of-three-dimensional-right-ventricular-motion-enables-outcome-prediction-in-pulmonary-hypertension-a-cardiac-mr-imaging-study
#7
Timothy J W Dawes, Antonio de Marvao, Wenzhe Shi, Tristan Fletcher, Geoffrey M J Watson, John Wharton, Christopher J Rhodes, Luke S G E Howard, J Simon R Gibbs, Daniel Rueckert, Stuart A Cook, Martin R Wilkins, Declan P O'Regan
Purpose To determine if patient survival and mechanisms of right ventricular failure in pulmonary hypertension could be predicted by using supervised machine learning of three-dimensional patterns of systolic cardiac motion. Materials and Methods The study was approved by a research ethics committee, and participants gave written informed consent. Two hundred fifty-six patients (143 women; mean age ± standard deviation, 63 years ± 17) with newly diagnosed pulmonary hypertension underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, right-sided heart catheterization, and 6-minute walk testing with a median follow-up of 4...
January 16, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088601/mid-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-a-single-center-experience
#8
Luis E De León, Carlos M Mery, Raymond A Verm, Daniel Trujillo-Díaz, Ankita Patro, Francisco A Guzmán-Pruneda, Iki Adachi, Jeffrey S Heinle, Lauren C Kane, E Dean McKenzie, Charles D Fraser
INTRO: The optimal management of patients with congenitally-corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) is unclear. The goal of this study was to compare the outcomes in patients with ccTGA undergoing different management strategies. METHODS: Patients with ccTGA believed suitable for biventricular circulation treated in 1995-2016 were included. The cohort was divided into four groups: systemic right ventricle (RV) (patients without surgical intervention or with a classic repair), anatomic repair, Fontan palliation, and patients only receiving a pulmonary artery band (PAB) or a shunt...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079851/corticosteroid-and-cyclophosphamide-in-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#9
Luca Novelli, Roberto Ruggiero, Federica De Giacomi, Alice Biffi, Paola Faverio, Luca Bilucaglia, Silvia Gamberini, Grazia Messinesi, Alberto Pesci
Acute Exacerbation (AEx) is a frequent and severe complication of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). In the absence of consensus regarding treatment, studies evaluating the efficacy of specific therapies, such as corticosteroids and immunosuppresant agents, are needed. In this case series we evaluated the outcome in terms of survival of intravenous pulse doses of high-dose corticosteroid (methylprednisolone 1000 mg per day for 3 consecutive days) followed by montlhy cyclophosphamide administration (maximum 6 doses) in a cohort of patients with AEx-IPF referred to the Respiratory Unit, San Gerardo University Hospital, Monza, Italy, from 2009 to 2013...
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079059/co-variation-of-peripheral-levels-of-mir-1202-and-brain-activity-and-connectivity-during-antidepressant-treatment
#10
Juan Pablo Lopez, Fabricio Pereira, Stéphane Richard-Devantoy, Marcelo Berlim, Eduardo Chachamovich, Laura M Fiori, Paola Niola, Gustavo Turecki, Fabrice Jollant
MicroRNAs are short non-coding molecules that play a major role in regulating gene expression. Peripheral levels of miR-1202 have been shown to predict and mediate antidepressant response. However, it is not clear to what extent these peripheral measures reflect central neural changes in vivo. We approached this problem with the combined use of peripheral miR-1202 measures and neuroimaging. At baseline and after 8 weeks of Desvenlafaxine (50-100 mg die), twenty patients were scanned with 3T Magnetic Resonance Imaging, first at rest then during the Go/NoGo task, a classical test of response inhibition...
January 12, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078568/rediagnosing-one-of-smith-s-patients-john-mccann-with-neuromas-tumours-1849
#11
Martino Ruggieri, Andrea D Praticò, Rosario Caltabiano, Agata Polizzi
In 1849, the Irish Professor of Surgery, Sir Robert William Smith, by publishing his "Treatise on the Pathology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Neuroma", collected six previous examples of "general development of neuromatous tumours" and reported three further cases (two personal and one referred) of what is nowadays known as neurofibromatosis. Among these latter cases, there was a 35-year-old cattle-driver, John McCann, who was first admitted at hospital in 1840 because of a large tumour on the right side of his neck thought to be malignant (and a second tumour sublingually) but not operated...
January 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075544/the-impact-of-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-prevention-programmes-based-on-risk-identification-and-lifestyle-intervention-intensity-strategies-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#12
P R Breeze, C Thomas, H Squires, A Brennan, C Greaves, P J Diggle, E Brunner, A Tabak, L Preston, J Chilcott
AIMS: To develop a cost-effectiveness model to compare Type 2 diabetes prevention programmes targeting different at-risk population subgroups with a lifestyle intervention of varying intensity. METHODS: An individual patient simulation model was constructed to simulate the development of diabetes in a representative sample of adults without diabetes from the UK population. The model incorporates trajectories for HbA1c , 2-h glucose, fasting plasma glucose, BMI, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol...
January 11, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074585/a-good-death
#13
Tia Powell, Adira Hulkower
A good death is hard to find. Family members tell us that loved ones die in the wrong place-the hospital-and do not receive high-quality care at the end of life. This issue of the Hastings Center Report offers two articles from authors who strive to provide good end-of-life care and to prevent needless suffering. We agree with their goals, but we have substantial reservations about the approaches they recommend. Respect for the decisions of patients and their surrogates is a relatively new and still vulnerable aspect of medical care...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074458/endovascular-treatment-of-peripheral-and-visceral-arterial-injuries-in-patients-with-acute-trauma
#14
Aysun Erbahçeci Salık, Filiz Saçan İslim, Barbaros Erhan Çil
BACKGROUND: The present study is an evaluation of the efficacy of endovascular treatment in emergency setting for patients with acute peripheral and visceral arterial injury secondary to penetrating or blunt trauma. METHODS: Twelve patients (11 men) aged 35.8±11.3 years (range: 18-56 years) with penetrating or blunt trauma who underwent endovascular treatment in our department between March 2010 and June 2014 for peripheral and visceral arterial injury were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072699/prevention-preferable-to-treatment-3-case-reports-of-patients-experiencing-right-sided-heart-failure-after-ebstein-anomaly-correction
#15
Ming Luo, Jing Lin, Zhen Qin, Lei Du
RATIONALE: Ebstein anomaly is a common congenital heart disease that may induce severe tricuspid regurgitation and dilation of the "atrialized" portion of the right ventricle. Patients who undergo surgery to correct Ebstein anomaly are at high risk of postoperative right-sided heart failure, yet little is known about what pre-, peri-, or postoperative procedures may help reduce this risk. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we describe 3 cases of adults with Ebstein anomaly who underwent corrective surgery and in whom right-sided heart failure occurred with severe tricuspid regurgitation detected by transesophageal echocardiography...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072476/aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-correlation-between-fetal-and-neonatal-abnormalities-and-abnormal-genetic-screening-or-testing
#16
Angela C Ranzini, Francine Hyman, Emily Jamaer, Tim van Mieghem
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether fetuses with an isolated aberrant course of the right subclavian artery (ARSA) have increased risk for chromosomal abnormalities, including trisomy 21 or 22q11 deletion. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all fetuses with antenatally diagnosed ARSA. Data were collected from fetal anatomic surveys, fetal echocardiograms, noninvasive trisomy 21 screening programs, invasive genetic studies, and neonatal records. RESULTS: Seventy-nine fetuses with ARSA were identified at 20...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070645/middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-with-intracerebral-hematoma-the-impact-of-side-and-volume-on-final-outcome
#17
Ondrej Navratil, Kamil Duris, Vilem Juran, Eduard Neuman, Karel Svoboda, Martin Smrcka
BACKGROUND: Middle cerebral artery aneurysms (MCA aneurysms) belong to the most frequent type of intracranial aneurysms forming an intracerebral hematoma. The consequences of the hematoma-the laterality, the impact of ICH volume and size of the aneurysm with the final outcome of these patients had not been studied in detail in this location, and we focused on the analysis of these factors. METHODS: Patients with MCA aneurysms and associated intracerebral hematomas with a volume ≥10 ml were studied; these were treated from January 2006 to December 2015...
January 9, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070278/entanglement-is-a-costly-life-history-stage-in-large-whales
#18
Julie van der Hoop, Peter Corkeron, Michael Moore
Individuals store energy to balance deficits in natural cycles; however, unnatural events can also lead to unbalanced energy budgets. Entanglement in fishing gear is one example of an unnatural but relatively common circumstance that imposes energetic demands of a similar order of magnitude and duration of life-history events such as migration and pregnancy in large whales. We present two complementary bioenergetic approaches to estimate the energy associated with entanglement in North Atlantic right whales, and compare these estimates to the natural energetic life history of individual whales...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068928/newly-recognized-cerebral-infarctions-on-postmortem-imaging-a-report-of-three-cases-with-systemic-infectious-disease
#19
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067402/ontogenetic-timing-as-a-condition-dependent-life-history-trait-high-condition-males-develop-quickly-peak-early-and-age-fast
#20
Amy K Hooper, Foteini Spagopoulou, Zachariah Wylde, Alexei A Maklakov, Russell Bonduriansky
Within-population variation in ageing remains poorly understood. In males, condition-dependent investment in secondary sexual traits may incur costs which limit ability to invest in somatic maintenance. Moreover, males often express morphological and behavioural secondary sexual traits simultaneously, but the relative effects on ageing of investment in these traits remain unclear. We investigated the condition-dependence of male life history in the neriid fly Telostylinus angusticollis. Using a fully factorial design, we manipulated male early-life condition by varying nutrient content of the larval diet and, subsequently, manipulated opportunity for adult males to interact with rival males...
January 9, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
keyword
keyword
114206
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"