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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214742/what-s-the-agreement-between-self-reported-and-biochemical-verification-of-drug-use-a-look-at-permanent-supportive-housing-residents
#1
Alexis Rendon, Melvin Livingston, Sumihiro Suzuki, Whitney Hill, Scott Walters
Self-reported substance use is commonly used as an outcome measure in treatment research. We evaluated the validity of self-reported drug use in a sample of 334 adults with mental health problems who were residing in supportive housing programs. The primary analysis was the calculation of the positive predictive values (PPVs) of self-report compared to an oral fluid test taken at the same time. A sensitivity analysis compared the positive predictive values of two self-reported drug use histories: biological testing window (ranging between the past 96h to 30days depending on drug type) or the full past 90-day comparison window (maximum length recorded during interview)...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213991/the-value-of-workforce-data-in-shaping-nursing-workforce-policy-a-case-study-from-north-carolina
#2
Erin P Fraher
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the Institute of Medicine's Committee for Assessing Progress on Implementing the Future of Nursing recommendations noted that little progress has been made in building the data infrastructure needed to support nursing workforce policy. PURPOSE: This article outlines a case study from North Carolina to demonstrate the value of collecting, analyzing, and disseminating state-level workforce data. METHODS: Data were derived from licensure renewal information gathered by the North Carolina Board of Nursing and housed at the North Carolina Health Professions Data System at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill...
November 1, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209195/qualitative-exploration-of-why-people-repeatedly-attend-emergency-departments-for-alcohol-related-reasons
#3
Tom Parkman, Joanne Neale, Ed Day, Colin Drummond
BACKGROUND: Understanding why people repeatedly attend Emergency Departments (EDs) for alcohol-related reasons is an important prerequisite to identifying ways of reducing any unnecessary demands on hospital resources. We use Andersen's Behavioural Model of Health Services Use to explore factors that contributed to repeat ED attendances. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 30 people who repeatedly attended EDs for alcohol-related reasons (≥10 attendances in the past 12 months)...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208598/neighborhood-environment-and-falls-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#4
Emily Joy Nicklett, Matthew C Lohman, Matthew Lee Smith
Background: Falls present a major challenge to active aging, but the relationship between neighborhood factors and falls is poorly understood. This study examined the relationship between fall events and neighborhood factors, including neighborhood social cohesion (sense of belonging, trust, friendliness, and helpfulness) and physical environment (vandalism/graffiti, rubbish, vacant/deserted houses, and perceived safety walking home at night). Methods: Data were analyzed from 9259 participants over four biennial waves (2006-2012) of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a nationally representative sample of adults aged 65 and older in the United States...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205621/cryogel-supported-stem-cell-factory-for-customized-sustained-release-of-bispecific-antibodies-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#5
Roberta Aliperta, Petra B Welzel, Ralf Bergmann, Uwe Freudenberg, Nicole Berndt, Anja Feldmann, Claudia Arndt, Stefanie Koristka, Marcello Stanzione, Marc Cartellieri, Armin Ehninger, Gerhard Ehninger, Carsten Werner, Jens Pietzsch, Jörg Steinbach, Martin Bornhäuser, Michael P Bachmann
Combining stem cells with biomaterial scaffolds provides a promising strategy for the development of drug delivery systems. Here we propose an innovative immunotherapeutic organoid by housing human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), gene-modified for the secretion of an anti-CD33-anti-CD3 bispecific antibody (bsAb), in a small biocompatible star-shaped poly(ethylene glycol)-heparin cryogel scaffold as a transplantable and low invasive therapeutic machinery for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The macroporous biohybrid cryogel platform displays effectiveness in supporting proliferation and survival of bsAb-releasing-MSCs overtime in vitro and in vivo, avoiding cell loss and ensuring a constant release of sustained and detectable levels of bsAb capable of triggering T-cell-mediated anti-tumor responses and a rapid regression of CD33(+) AML blasts...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205232/preliminary-study-of-testosterone-and-empathy-in-determining-recidivism-and-antisocial-behavior
#6
Samuel J House, Jacob M Laan, Raymond K Molden, James C Ritchie, Zachary N Stowe
Recidivism, repeated criminal behavior after conviction and correction of prior offenses, is a costly problem across the nation. However, the contribution of empathy in determining the risk of recidivism has received limited attention, although lack of empathy has been related to antisocial personality disorder in various studies. Studies linked testosterone to aggression, antisocial behavior, and criminality, and evidence support hormonal connections between empathy and aggression. Adult male prison inmates convicted of violent or nonviolent offenses were included in a cross-sectional study of empathy, antisocial behavior, salivary testosterone, and recidivism...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202817/adaptive-shaping-of-the-behavioural-and-neuroendocrine-phenotype-during-adolescence
#7
Tobias D Zimmermann, Sylvia Kaiser, Michael B Hennessy, Norbert Sachser
Environmental conditions during early life can adaptively shape the phenotype for the prevailing environment. Recently, it has been suggested that adolescence represents an additional temporal window for adaptive developmental plasticity, though supporting evidence is scarce. Previous work has shown that male guinea pigs living in large mixed-sex colonies develop a low-aggressive phenotype as part of a queuing strategy that is adaptive for integrating into large unfamiliar colonies. By contrast, males living in pairs during adolescence become highly aggressive towards strangers...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202100/low-income-adults-perceptions-of-farmers-markets-and-community-supported-agriculture-programmes
#8
Elizabeth W Cotter, Carla Teixeira, Annessa Bontrager, Kasharena Horton, Deyanira Soriano
OBJECTIVE: To better understand low-income adults' attitudes towards participating in farmers' markets, community-supported agriculture (CSA) and nutrition education programming. DESIGN: Focus groups were held with a diverse sample of adults. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Three affordable housing communities in Washington, DC, USA. SUBJECTS: Participants included twenty-eight residents of the three affordable housing communities...
February 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198896/size-dependent-stability-of-cobalt-nanoparticles-on-silica-under-high-conversion-fischer-tropsch-environment
#9
Moritz Wolf, Hendrik Kotzé, Nico Fischer, Michael Claeys
Highly monodisperse cobalt crystallites, supported on Stöber silica spheres, as model catalysts for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis were exposed to simulated high conversion environments in the presence and absence of CO utilising an in house developed in situ magnetometer. The catalyst comprising the smallest crystallites in the metallic state (average diameter of 3.2 nm) experienced pronounced oxidation whilst the ratio of H2O to H2 was increased stepwise to simulate CO conversions from 26% up to complete conversion...
February 15, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196627/environmental-enrichment-enhances-cognitive-flexibility-in-c57bl-6-mice-on-a-touchscreen-reversal-learning-task
#10
Ariel Zeleznikow-Johnston, Emma L Burrows, Thibault Renoir, Anthony J Hannan
Environmental enrichment (EE) is any positive modification of the 'standard housing' (SH) conditions in which laboratory animals are typically held, usually involving increased opportunity for cognitive stimulation and physical activity. EE has been reported to enhance baseline performance of wild-type animals on traditional cognitive behavioural tasks. Recently, touchscreen operant testing chambers have emerged as a way of performing rodent cognitive assays, providing greater reproducibility, translatability and automatability...
February 11, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194817/need-for-adaptation-transformation-of-temporary-houses
#11
Elizabeth Wagemann
Building permanent accommodation after a disaster takes time for reasons including the removal of debris, the lack of available land, and the procurement of resources. In the period in-between, affected communities find shelter in different ways. Temporary houses or transitional shelters are used when families cannot return to their pre-disaster homes and no other alternative can be provided. In practice, families stay in a standard interim solution for months or even years while trying to return to their routines...
February 14, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192994/cats-internal-exposure-to-selected-bfrs-and-organochlorines-correlated-to-house-dust-and-cat-food
#12
Jessica Norrgran Engdahl, Anders Bignert, Bernt Jones, Ioannis Athanassiadis, Ake Bergman, Jana Melinda Weiss
Pet cats may be used as a biomarker for assessing exposures to organohalogen compounds (OHCs) adsorbed to household dust in home environments. This study explores two exposure routes of OHCs, i) ingestion of OHCs via house dust and ii) via cat food. House dust from 17 Swedish homes and serum from the participating families' pet cats were collected and cat food purchased matching the diet reported. Paired samples of cat serum, house dust, and cat food were analysed for brominated flame retardants/natural products (PBDEs, BB-209, DBDPE, 2,4,6-TBP, OH-PBDEs) and organochlorines (PCBs, DDT, DDE, HCB, PCP)...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191331/development-of-dual-taqman-based-one-step-rrt-pcr-assay-panel-for-rapid-and-accurate-diagnostic-test-of-mers-cov-a-novel-human-coronavirus-ahead-of-hajj-pilgrimage
#13
Mohammad Sadegh Hashemzadeh, Rahimeh Rasouli, Bentolhoda Zahraei, Morteza Izadi, Mahdi Tat, Seyed Hassan Saadat, Mohammad Najarasl, Behzad Khansari Nejad, Ruhollah Dorostkar
BACKGROUND: Coronaviruses (CoVs) are large ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses causing primarily respiratory disease in humans. A novel human coronavirus, subsequently named middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), was first reported in Saudi Arabia in September of 2012. With increasing numbers of infections and deaths from MERS-CoV, development of a rapid and reliable kit was crucial to prevent further spread of MERS-CoV. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we present two real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) assays for in-house rapid and sensitive diagnostic testing of MERS-CoV, detecting the regions upstream of the envelope gene (upE) and open reading frame (ORF) 1b, respectively, for initial screening and final confirmation of MERS-CoV infection, as recommended by the world health organization (WHO)...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190992/new-synchrotron-powder-diffraction-facility-for-long-duration-experiments
#14
Claire A Murray, Jonathan Potter, Sarah J Day, Annabelle R Baker, Stephen P Thompson, Jon Kelly, Christopher G Morris, Sihai Yang, Chiu C Tang
A new synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction instrument has been built and commissioned for long-duration experiments on beamline I11 at Diamond Light Source. The concept is unique, with design features to house multiple experiments running in parallel, in particular with specific stages for sample environments to study slow kinetic systems or processes. The instrument benefits from a high-brightness X-ray beam and a large area detector. Diffraction data from the commissioning work have shown that the objectives and criteria are met...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Crystallography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186210/us-residential-building-air-exchange-rates-new-perspectives-to-improve-decision-making-at-vapor-intrusion-sites
#15
Rivka Reichman, Elham Shirazi, Donald G Colliver, Kelly G Pennell
Vapor intrusion (VI) is well-known to be difficult to characterize because indoor air (IA) concentrations exhibit considerable temporal and spatial variability in homes throughout impacted communities. To overcome this and other limitations, most VI science has focused on subsurface processes; however there is a need to understand the role of aboveground processes, especially building operation, in the context of VI exposure risks. This tutorial review focuses on building air exchange rates (AERs) and provides a review of literature related building AERs to inform decision making at VI sites...
February 10, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185857/do-prominent-quality-measurement-surveys-capture-the-concerns-of-persons-with-disability
#16
Lisa I Iezzoni, Sarah A Marsella, Tiffany Lopinsky, Dennis Heaphy, Kimberley S Warsett
BACKGROUND: Demonstration programs nationwide aim to control costs and improve care for people dually-eligible for Medicare and Medicaid, including many persons with disability. Ensuring these initiatives maintain or improve care quality requires comprehensive evaluation of quality of care. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the common quality measures being used to evaluate the Massachusetts One Care duals demonstration program comprehensively address the concerns of persons with disability...
January 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185560/inequalities-in-socio-economic-characteristics-and-health-and-wellbeing-of-men-with-and-without-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-baseline-wave-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#17
Anne M Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Eric Emerson, Sash Sahabandu, Allison Milner, Rebecca Bentley, Anthony D LaMontagne, Jane Pirkis, David Studdert
BACKGROUND: Internationally, men with disabilities have higher rates of social and economic disadvantage and poorer health and wellbeing than men without disabilities. No single study has provided comprehensive, population-level information about the magnitude of such differences among adult men using a well-validated instrument to measure disability. METHODS: We analysed baseline data from Ten to Men - an Australian longitudinal study of male health. Ten to Men used a stratified multi-stage cluster random sample design to recruit a national sample of males aged 10 to 55 years residing in private dwellings...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185135/integrating-the-integrated-merging-integrated-dual-diagnosis-treatment-iddt-with-housing-first
#18
Janice Pringle, Kim Grasso, Lisa Lederer
This study reports on a housing program that merged two evidence-based practices frequently applied in tandem: Integrated Dual Diagnosis Treatment and Housing First. Quantitative measures show that consumers in the program were receptive to supportive housing and core services. These quantitative measures, when considered alongside qualitative interviews, suggest that in order for more consumers to move through the IDDT stages of educational and vocational advancement, the staff will need to emphasize the permanence of supportive housing...
February 9, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182475/state-strategies-for-coordinating-medicaid-and-housing-services
#19
Rebecca Kleinman, Matthew Kehn, Allison Wishon Siegwarth, Jonathan Brown
OBJECTIVE: This article reports findings from case studies of 4 states (Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, and Tennessee) that used different approaches to coordinate Medicaid services with temporary or permanent housing supports for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. METHOD: Data were collected through document review, telephone interviews with state officials and managed care organizations, and site visits to behavioral health and housing providers, and consumer organizations...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178775/diagnosis-prevention-and-management-of-bronchiolitis-in-children-review-of-current-controversies
#20
Samantha A House, Shawn L Ralston
Viral bronchiolitis is a common and costly condition among young children worldwide, contributing to high medical expenditures in industrialized countries and significant mortality in low-income countries. Much research has focused on therapy for this disease entity, though the standard of care remains merely supportive. Current areas of active research include the nuances of defining bronchiolitis, a deeper exploration of causative viruses, the role and development of preventive strategies, and associated long-term outcomes...
April 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
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