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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721788/integrated-care-in-action-a-practical-guide-for-health-social-care-and-housing-supports-miller-robin-brown-hilary-and-mangan-catherine-integrated-care-in-action-a-practical-guide-for-health-social-care-and-housing-supports-232pp-%C3%A2-22-99-jessica-kingsley-9781849056465
#1
(no author information available yet)
The blurb of this book suggests it is about leading, managing and delivering integrated care, but it could be applied to any kind of change in healthcare services.
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719325/serologic-monitoring-of-public-health-interventions-against-strongyloides-stercoralis
#2
Paola Vargas, Alejandro J Krolewiecki, Adriana Echazú, Marisa Juarez, Pamela Cajal, Jose F Gil, Nicolás Caro, Julio Nasser, Patrick Lammie, Rubén O Cimino
Northwestern Argentina is endemic for soil-transmitted helminths, and annual deworming programs are carried out in prioritized areas. High prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis was reported in this area; therefore, control programs including ivermectin are being evaluated. The NIE-enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used for this purpose. In this community trial, two groups of patients, classified according to housing and living conditions were evaluated. Simultaneous with baseline survey, Group 1 was moved to new households with access to improved water and sanitation facilities (W and S), where deworming (MDA, massive drug administration) took place within 1 month; whereas Group 2 received MDA but remained living with unimproved W and S...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718716/estimating-the-number-of-adults-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-who-have-complex-multi-agency-needs
#3
Harvey Whiteford, Bill Buckingham, Meredith Harris, Sandra Diminic, Emily Stockings, Louisa Degenhardt
OBJECTIVE: A population health approach to mental health service planning requires estimates that align interventions with the needs of people with mental illness. The primary objective was to estimate the number of people in Australia living with severe and persistent mental illness who have complex, multi-agency needs. The secondary objective was to describe the possible service needs of individuals with severe mental illness. METHODS: We disaggregated the estimated 12-month prevalence of adults with severe mental illness into needs-based sub-groups, using multiple data sources...
August 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716785/imbuing-medical-professionalism-in-relation-to-safety-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-intervention-focused-on-trialling-an-embedded-learning-approach-that-centres-on-the-use-of-a-custom-designed-board-game
#4
Marie Ward, Eilish McAuliffe, Éidín Ní Shé, Ann Duffy, Una Geary, Una Cunningham, Catherine Holland, Nick McDonald, Karen Egan, Christian Korpos
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare organisations have a responsibility for ensuring that the governance of workplace settings creates a culture that supports good professional practice. Encouraging such a culture needs to start from an understanding of the factors that make it difficult for health professionals to raise issues of concern in relation to patient safety. The focus of this study is to determine whether a customised education intervention, developed as part of the study, with interns and senior house officers (SHOs) can imbue a culture of medical professionalism in relation to patient safety and support junior doctors to raise issues of concern, while shaping a culture of responsiveness and learning...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715788/smoke-free-homes-and-attitudes-towards-banning-smoking-in-vehicles-carrying-children-in-spain-2016
#5
Ana Díez-Izquierdo, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Pia Cassanello-Peñarroya, Albert Balaguer, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the voluntary adoption of smoke-free homes and social attitudes in Spain towards banning smoking in vehicles in which children are present. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the adult Spanish population age range, 18-75 years (n=1036). The field work was conducted via a computer-assisted telephone survey in March and April 2016. Survey respondents answered questions about smoking rules at home and attitudes towards a smoking ban in cars with or without children...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715415/characterizing-the-malaria-rural-to-urban-transmission-interface-the-importance-of-reactive-case-detection
#6
Karen Molina Gómez, M Alejandra Caicedo, Alexandra Gaitán, Manuela Herrera-Varela, María Isabel Arce, Andrés F Vallejo, Julio Padilla, Pablo Chaparro, M Andreína Pacheco, Ananias A Escalante, Myriam Arevalo-Herrera, Sócrates Herrera Valencia
BACKGROUND: Reported urban malaria cases are increasing in Latin America, however, evidence of such trend remains insufficient. Here, we propose an integrated approach that allows characterizing malaria transmission at the rural-to-urban interface by combining epidemiological, entomological, and parasite genotyping methods. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A descriptive study that combines active (ACD), passive (PCD), and reactive (RCD) case detection was performed in urban and peri-urban neighborhoods of Quibdó, Colombia...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714133/tilted-pillar-array-fabrication-by-the-combination-of-proton-beam-writing-and-soft-lithography-for-microfluidic-cell-capture-part-2-image-sequence-analysis-based-evaluation-and-biological-application
#7
Gabor Járvás, Tamas Varga, Marton G Szigeti, Laszlo Hajba, Peter Fürjes, Istvan Rajta, Andras Guttman
As a continuation of our previously published work, this paper presents a detailed evaluation of a microfabricated cell capture device utilizing a doubly tilted micropillar array. The device was fabricated using a novel hybrid technology based on the combination of proton beam writing and conventional lithography techniques. Tilted pillars offer unique flow characteristics and support enhanced fluidic interaction for improved immuno-affinity based cell capture. The performance of the microdevice was evaluated by an image sequence analysis based in-house developed single cell tracking system...
July 17, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706188/lack-of-social-support-raises-stress-vulnerability-in-rats-with-a-history-of-ancestral-stress
#8
Jamshid Faraji, Nabiollah Soltanpour, Hamid Lotfi, Reza Moeeini, Ali-Reza Moharreri, Shabnam Roudaki, S Abedin Hosseini, David M Olson, Ali-Akbar Abdollahi, Nasrin Soltanpour, Majid H Mohajerani, Gerlinde A S Metz
Stress is a primary risk factor for psychiatric disorders. However, it is not fully understood why some stressed individuals are more vulnerable to psychiatric disorders than others. Here, we investigated whether multigenerational ancestral stress produces phenotypes that are sensitive to depression-like symptoms in rats. We also examined whether social isolation reveals potentially latent sensitivity to depression-like behaviours. F4 female rats born to a lineage of stressed mothers (F0-F3) received stress in adulthood while housed in pairs or alone...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702934/paternal-incarceration-and-adolescent-social-network-disadvantage
#9
Brielle Bryan
Previous research has suggested that adolescent peers influence behavior and provide social support during a critical developmental period, but few studies have addressed the antecedents of adolescent social networks. Research on the collateral consequences of incarceration has explored the implications of parental incarceration for children's behavioral problems, academic achievement, health, and housing stability, but not their social networks. Using network data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, I find that adolescents with recently incarcerated fathers are in socially marginal positions in their schools and befriend more-marginal peers than other adolescents: their friends are less advantaged, less academically successful, and more delinquent than other adolescents' friends...
July 12, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700991/strain-differences-and-effects-of-environmental-manipulation-on-astrocytes-glial-fibrillary-acidic-protein-glucocorticoid-receptor-and-microglia-iba1-immunoreactivity-between-wistar-kyoto-and-wistar-females
#10
Guergana R Mileva, Carinna Moyes, Shaezeen Syed, Catherine Bielajew
BACKGROUND: Depression is often associated with an increase in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity and immune response. To investigate this relationship, we examined the consequences of environmental manipulation on the neural correlates of the HPA axis and immune response in an animal model of depression, the Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat. Additionally, female animals are often overlooked in preclinical research because of the hormone fluctuations inherent in the estrous cycle...
July 13, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700636/large-scale-ex-vivo-generation-of-human-neutrophils-from-cord-blood-cd34-cells
#11
Zhenwang Jie, Yu Zhang, Chen Wang, Bin Shen, Xin Guan, Zhihua Ren, Xinxin Ding, Wei Dai, Yongping Jiang
Conventional high-dose chemotherapy frequently leads to severe neutropenia, during which patients experience a high risk of infection. Although support care with donor's neutrophils is possible this choice is largely hampered by the limited availability of matched donors. To overcome this problem, we explored a large-scale ex vivo production of neutrophils from hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) using a four-stage culture approach in a roller-bottle production platform. We expanded CD34+ HSCs isolated from umbilical cord blood (UCB) using our in-house special medium supplemented with cytokine cocktails and achieved about 49000-fold expansion of cells, among which about 61% were differentiated mature neutrophils...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699373/recall-and-patient-perceptions-of-hip-precautions-6-weeks-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
George R H Lee, James R Berstock, Michael R Whitehouse, Ashley W Blom
Background and purpose - There is a lack of evidence to support the role of hip precautions in preventing dislocation following total hip arthroplasty (THA). We report an exploratory study which assesses recall, adherence, and the impact of precautions on activities of daily living in the first 6 weeks postoperatively. Patients and methods - We designed a new questionnaire based on the education patients receive and refined by professionals within our multidisciplinary team. 129 patients underwent primary elective THA during the study period and received the questionnaire at 6 weeks postoperatively...
July 12, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698824/on-the-tear-proteome-of-the-house-mouse-mus-musculus-musculus-in-relation-to-chemical-signalling
#13
Romana Stopkova, Petr Klempt, Barbora Kuntova, Pavel Stopka
Mammalian tears are produced by lacrimal glands to protect eyes and may function in chemical communication and immunity. Recent studies on the house mouse chemical signalling revealed that major urinary proteins (MUPs) are not individually unique in Mus musculus musculus. This fact stimulated us to look for other sexually dimorphic proteins that may-in combination with MUPs-contribute to a pool of chemical signals in tears. MUPs and other lipocalins including odorant binding proteins (OBPs) have the capacity to selectively transport volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in their eight-stranded beta barrel, thus we have generated the tear proteome of the house mouse to detect a wider pool of proteins that may be involved in chemical signalling...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697770/local-professionals-perceptions-of-health-assets-in-a-low-ses-dutch-neighbourhood-a-qualitative-study
#14
Lea Den Broeder, Ellen Uiters, Aafke Hofland, Annemarie Wagemakers, Albertine Jantine Schuit
BACKGROUND: Asset-based approaches have become popular in public health. As yet it is not known to what extent health and welfare professionals are able to identify and mobilise individual and community health assets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to understand professional's perceptions of health and health assets. METHODS: In a low-SES neighbourhood, 21 health and welfare professionals were interviewed about their definition of health and their perceptions of the residents' health status, assets available in the neighbourhood's environment, and the way residents use these assets...
July 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696160/guidelines-on-severity-assessment-and-classification-of-genetically-altered-mouse-and-rat-lines
#15
Anne Zintzsch, Elena Noe, Monika Reißmann, Kristina Ullmann, Stephanie Krämer, Boris Jerchow, Reinhart Kluge, Claudia Gösele, Hannah Nickles, Astrid Puppe, Thomas Rülicke
Genetic alterations can unpredictably compromise the wellbeing of animals. Thus, more or less harmful phenotypes might appear in the animals used in research projects even when they are not subjected to experimental treatments. The severity classification of suffering has become an important issue since the implementation of Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes. Accordingly, the breeding and maintenance of genetically altered (GA) animals which are likely to develop a harmful phenotype has to be authorized...
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694204/the-mind-body-wellness-in-supportive-housing-mi-wish-study-design-and-rationale-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-tai-chi-in-senior-housing
#16
Peter M Wayne, Margaret M Gagnon, Eric A Macklin, Thomas G Travison, Bradley Manor, Margie Lachman, Cindy P Thomas, Lewis A Lipsitz
Supporting the health of growing numbers of frail older adults living in subsidized housing requires interventions that can combat frailty, improve residents' functional abilities, and reduce their health care costs. Tai Chi is an increasingly popular multimodal mind-body exercise that incorporates physical, cognitive, social, and meditative components in the same activity and offers a promising intervention for ameliorating many of the conditions that lead to poor health and excessive health care utilization...
July 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694154/short-photoperiod-reverses-obesity-in-siberian-hamsters-via-sympathetically-induced-lipolysis-and-browning-in-adipose-tissue
#17
REVIEW
Vitaly Ryu, Eleen Zarebidaki, H Elliott Albers, Bingzhong Xue, Timothy J Bartness
Changes in photoperiod length are transduced into neuroendocrine signals by melatonin (MEL) secreted by the pineal gland triggering seasonally adaptive responses in many animal species. Siberian hamsters, transferred from a long-day 'summer-like' photoperiod (LD) to a short-day 'winter-like' photoperiod (SD), exhibit a naturally-occurring reversal in obesity. Photoperiod-induced changes in adiposity are mediated by the duration of MEL secretion and can be mimicked by exogenously administered MEL into animals housed in LD...
July 7, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693544/mcmaster-optimal-aging-portal-an-evidence-based-database-for-geriatrics-focused-health-professionals
#18
Angela M Barbara, Maureen Dobbins, R Brian Haynes, Alfonso Iorio, John N Lavis, Parminder Raina, Anthony J Levinson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to provide easy access to reliable health information based on good quality research that will help health care professionals to learn what works best for seniors to stay as healthy as possible, manage health conditions and build supportive health systems. This will help meet the demands of our aging population that clinicians provide high quality care for older adults, that public health professionals deliver disease prevention and health promotion strategies across the life span, and that policymakers address the economic and social need to create a robust health system and a healthy society for all ages...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693490/intentions-and-experiences-of-effective-practice-in-mental-health-specific-supported-accommodation-services-a-qualitative-interview-study
#19
Sima Sandhu, Stefan Priebe, Gerard Leavey, Isobel Harrison, Joanna Krotofil, Peter McPherson, Sarah Dowling, Maurice Arbuthnott, Sarah Curtis, Michael King, Geoff Shepherd, Helen Killaspy
BACKGROUND: Deinstitutionalisation in Europe has led to the development of community-based accommodation for people with mental health problems. The type, setting, and intensity of support provided vary and the costs are substantial. Yet, despite the large investment in these services, there is little clarity on their aims and outcomes or how they are regarded by staff and the clients. METHODS: We interviewed 30 staff and 30 clients from the three main types of supported accommodation in England (residential care, supported housing, floating outreach) to explore their perspectives on the purpose of these services, and the components of care considered most helpful...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692676/a-cross-sectional-study-of-sociodemographic-factors-and-their-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-medical-students-at-sao-paulo-brazil
#20
Mario Ivo Serinolli, Marcia Cristina Zago Novaretti
BACKGROUND: Various sociodemographic factors can affect the quality of life of medical students and interfere in their ability to study. A deeper understanding of these factors may facilitate improvements in learning and retention of medical students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 405 medical students, representing 65.3% of the total student body (years 1-6), at a private medical school in São Paulo, Brazil. Among the entire study group, 177 students (43...
2017: PloS One
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