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housing instability

Dana Alonzo, Claire Moravec, Benjamin Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Individuals experiencing suicidal ideation and/or behaviors are often difficult to engage in treatment. Up to 50% of individuals presenting to an ER for treatment of a suicidal crisis refuse outpatient treatment referrals. This study examined outpatient mental health clinicians' perceptions of the barriers to and facilitators of mental health treatment engagement of individuals at risk for suicide. METHOD: Thirty-six mental health clinicians working with clients with past and/or current suicidality (ideation, behaviors) in outpatient mental health centers participated in four focus groups...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
Josep Sardanyés, Regina Martínez, Carles Simó, Ricard Solé
The dynamics of heterogeneous tumor cell populations competing with healthy cells is an important topic in cancer research with deep implications in biomedicine. Multitude of theoretical and computational models have addressed this issue, especially focusing on the nature of the transitions governing tumor clearance as some relevant model parameters are tuned. In this contribution, we analyze a mathematical model of unstable tumor progression using the quasispecies framework. Our aim is to define a minimal model incorporating the dynamics of competition between healthy cells and a heterogeneous population of cancer cell phenotypes involving changes in replication-related genes (i...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Mathematical Biology
Alexandre Endres Marcon, Julio Alejandro Navoni, Marcos Felipe de Oliveira Galvão, Anuska Conde Fagundes Soares Garcia, Viviane Souza do Amaral, Reinaldo Antônio Petta, Thomas Ferreira da Costa Campos, Renata Panosso, Antônio Luiz Quinelato, Sílvia Regina Batistuzzo de Medeiros
Lucrécia city, known to harbor a high cancer rate, is located in a semiarid region characterized by the presence of mineral reservoirs, facing a high exposure to metal and natural radioactivity. The present study aimed to assess the environmental scenario at a semiarid region located in Northeastern Brazil. Metal concentration, alpha and beta radiation, and cyanobacteria content in tap water along with indoor radon and gamma emitters (U, K and Th) concentrations were measured. In addition, mutagenic and nuclear instability effects were assessed using buccal micronucleus cytome assay...
October 2, 2016: Chemosphere
Diana Hernández, Douglas Phillips, Eva Laura Siegel
Chronic stress, known to contribute to negative physical and mental health outcomes, is closely associated with broader issues of material hardship, poor neighborhood conditions, residential instability, and inadequate housing conditions. However, few studies have comprehensively explored pathways to stress in a low-income housing environment. A mixed-methods pilot study investigated the concept of energy insecurity by looking at the impacts of weatherization and energy efficiency interventions on low-income households in the South Bronx neighborhood of New York City...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Till Moritz Einger, Martin Koch, Matthias Bornitz, Thomas Zahnert
HYPOTHESIS: An implantable acousto-mechanical transducer will yield a higher output if its mass can be virtually increased through the use of a secondary actuator. BACKGROUND: Current hearing aids and implants rely on feedback compensation to prevent instability (e.g. howling), usually in the form of a digital or analogue filter. We examine the effect of mechanically stabilizing a piezo-driven mechanical amplifier inserted into the incudostapedial joint gap. The aim of this study is to determine whether this is possible and discern the advantages and disadvantages of the design...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Michele R Decker, Lorie Benning, Kathleen M Weber, Susan G Sherman, Adebola Adedimeji, Tracey E Wilson, Jennifer Cohen, Michael W Plankey, Mardge H Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub
INTRODUCTION: Gender-based violence (GBV) threatens women's health and safety. Few prospective studies examine physical and sexual violence predictors. Baseline/index GBV history and polyvictimization (intimate partner violence, non-partner sexual assault, and childhood sexual abuse) were characterized. Predictors of physical and sexual violence were evaluated over follow-up. METHODS: HIV-infected and uninfected participants (n=2,838) in the Women's Interagency HIV Study provided GBV history; 2,669 participants contributed 26,363 person years of follow-up from 1994 to 2014...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sarah Hamilton-Wright, Julia Woodhall-Melnik, Sara J T Guilcher, Andrée Schuler, Aklilu Wendaferew, Stephen W Hwang, Flora I Matheson
Most of the research on gambling behaviour among youth has been quantitative and focused on measuring prevalence. As a result, little is known about the contextual experiences of youth gambling, particularly among those most vulnerable. In this paper, we explore the previous experiences of youth gambling in a sample of adult men experiencing housing instability and problem gambling. We present findings from a qualitative study on problem gambling and housing instability conducted in Toronto, Canada. Thirty men with histories of problem or pathological gambling and housing instability or homelessness were interviewed...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
James Tan, Siew Ann Cheong
The Subprime Bubble preceding the Subprime Crisis of 2008 was fueled by risky lending practices, manifesting in the form of a large abrupt increase in the proportion of subprime mortgages issued in the US. This event also coincided with critical slowing down signals associated with instability, which served as evidence of a regime shift or phase transition in the US housing market. Here, we show that the US housing market underwent a regime shift between alternate stable states consistent with the observed critical slowing down signals...
2016: PloS One
Caroline M Parker, Jonathan Garcia, Morgan M Philbin, Patrick A Wilson, Richard G Parker, Jennifer S Hirsch
Black men who have sex with men in the USA face disproportionate incidence rates of HIV. This paper presents findings from an ethnographic study conducted in New York City that explored the structural and socio-cultural factors shaping men's sexual relationships with the goal of furthering understandings of their HIV-related vulnerability. Methods included participant observation and in-depth interviews with 31 Black men who have sex with men (three times each) and 17 key informants. We found that HIV vulnerability is perceived as produced through structural inequalities including economic insecurity, housing instability, and stigma and discrimination...
August 23, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Naomi B Knoble, Melissa A Alderfer, Md Jobayer Hossain
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a complex construct of multiple indicators, known to impact cancer outcomes, but has not been adequately examined among pediatric AML patients. This study aimed to identify the patterns of co-occurrence of multiple community-level SES indicators and to explore associations between various patterns of these indicators and pediatric AML mortality risk. A nationally representative US sample of 3651 pediatric AML patients, aged 0-19 years at diagnosis was drawn from 17 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database registries created between 1973 and 2012...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
Cris M Sullivan, Heather D Bomsta, Margaret A Hacskaylo
The complex interrelationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and housing instability has been well established. Being the victim of IPV is a leading cause of homelessness for women, and once someone is homeless, their lives often spiral downward quickly. While some IPV survivors require extensive and possibly long-term assistance to achieve safe and stable housing (especially if they are contending with multiple complex issues), others could avoid homelessness if provided with immediate, individualized, and flexible assistance...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Cherrie B Boyer, Lauren Greenberg, Kate Chutuape, Bendu Walker, Dina Monte, Jennifer Kirk, Jonathan M Ellen
The goal of this research was to examine associations among sociodemographic factors, HIV risk, and community context (e.g., economic insecurity, job training, housing instability, crime victimization, and perceived community norms) in adolescents and young adults who ever exchanged sex for drugs or money. Anonymous survey data were collected using ACASIs at community venues where adolescents and young adults congregate in resource-challenged, STI prevalent, urban, US neighborhoods. Conventional descriptive statistics, Fisher's exact tests, and generalized estimating equations approaches were used to examine associations...
August 6, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Sara J T Guilcher, Sarah Hamilton-Wright, Wayne Skinner, Julia Woodhall-Melnik, Peter Ferentzy, Aklilu Wendaferew, Stephen W Hwang, Flora I Matheson
BACKGROUND: Problem gambling and homelessness are recognized as important public health concerns that significantly impact individuals, their friends and families, communities and broader society. We aimed to explore the experiences with health and social services of men who had histories of problem gambling and housing instability in Toronto, Ontario. METHODS: We used a community-based participatory approach with a multi-service agency serving low-income individuals...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Cesar Meleza, Bobbie Thomasson, Chidambaram Ramachandran, Jason W O'Neill, Klaus Michelsen, Mei-Chu Lo
Prostaglandin D2 synthase (PGDS) catalyzes the isomerization of prostaglandin H2 (PGH2) to prostaglandin D2 (PGD2). PGD2 produced by hematopoietic prostaglandin D2 synthase (H-PGDS) in mast cells and Th2 cells is proposed to be a mediator of allergic and inflammatory responses. Consequently, inhibitors of H-PGDS represent potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as asthma. Due to the instability of the PGDS substrate PGH2, an in-vitro enzymatic assay is not feasible for large-scale screening of H-PGDS inhibitors...
October 15, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
Jeffrey H Herbst, Olivia Branscomb-Burgess, Deborah J Gelaude, Puja Seth, Sharon Parker, Catherine I Fogel
Incarcerated women experience myriad individual, interpersonal, and structural factors leading to arrest and rearrest. This study examined risk profiles of women experiencing initial and repeat incarcerations. The sample included 521 women recruited from two prisons in North Carolina and enrolled in a HIV/STD risk-reduction intervention trial. Variables included socio-demographics, structural/economic factors, sexual and substance use behaviors, STDs, victimization history, and depressive symptoms. Bivariate and multivariable analyses identified risk differences...
August 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Andrew P Morgan, J Matthew Holt, Rachel C McMullan, Timothy A Bell, Amelia M-F Clayshulte, John P Didion, Liran Yadgary, David Thybert, Duncan T Odom, Paul Flicek, Leonard McMillan, Fernando Pardo-Manuel de Villena
Gene duplication and loss are major sources of genetic polymorphism in populations, and are important forces shaping the evolution of genome content and organization. We have reconstructed the origin and history of a 127-kbp segmental duplication, R2d, in the house mouse (Mus musculus). R2d contains a single protein-coding gene, Cwc22 De novo assembly of both the ancestral (R2d1) and the derived (R2d2) copies reveals that they have been subject to nonallelic gene conversion events spanning tens of kilobases...
September 2016: Genetics
Hadi Nazaripoor, Charles R Koch, Mohtada Sadrzadeh, Subir Bhattacharjee
To improve the electrically assisted patterning process and create smaller sized features with the higher active surface area, the combined thermocapillary-electrohydrodynamic (TC-EHD) instability of liquid nanofilms is considered. First, the 3-D thin film equation is rederived for nonisothermal films and then the influential factors on the dynamics and stability of thin liquid film are found using linear stability (LS) analysis. Nonlinear studies are also conducted to investigate the long-time evolution of the interface using an in-house developed Fortran code employing high order finite difference and adaptive time step solver for the spatial and time derivatives...
June 14, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Natasha Slesnick, Jing Zhang, Brittany Brakenhoff
Homeless youths who live on the streets are particularly vulnerable to victimization and continued homelessness. Identifying factors associated with housing stability and victimization while homeless can offer useful guidance for those who serve these youths. The current study examined the relationship between multiple caretakers and the unique effect of childhood abuse (physical, sexual, neglect) on past-year housing and victimization experiences. Seventy-nine substance-using, street-living youths ages 14 to 24 years completed the survey...
April 2016: Social Work
Kathleen R Rosen, Elizabeth H Sinz
Many medical disciplines participate in the acute care of hemodynamically unstable patients. At WVU we have many opportunities for multidisciplinary critical care group instruction in our simulation facility. The main educational goals of this session are the recognition and management of a pulmonary artery catheter that is coiled in the right ventricle. Recognition of waveforms and identification of catheter malposition are a priority in our critical care education programs. We present the scenario using the METI model C manikin with system 5...
July 2002: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
Kristen D Krause, Farzana Kapadia, Danielle C Ompad, Paul A D'Avanzo, Dustin T Duncan, Perry N Halkitis
Homelessness and housing instability is a significant public health problem among young sexual minority men. While there is a growing body of literature on correlates of homelessness among sexual minority men, there is a lack of literature parsing the different facets of housing instability. The present study examines factors associated with both living and sleeping in unstable housing among n = 600 sexual minority men (ages 18-19). Multivariate models were constructed to examine the extent to which sociodemographic, interpersonal, and behavioral factors as well as adverse childhood experiences explain housing instability...
June 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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