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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146550/temporal-variations-of-fluctuating-asymmetry-in-wing-size-and-shape-of-triatoma-infestans-populations-from-northwest-argentina
#1
Julieta Nattero, María Carla Cecere, Ricardo E Gürtler
Environmentally-induced developmental instability has frequently been assessed using fluctuating asymmetry (FA) methods. For Triatoma infestans, the major vector of Chagas disease, the combined effects of host-feeding sources and habitats affected wing developmental instability depending on sex in Figueroa villages, northwest Argentina. Here we investigated whether habitat, sex, season/year and insecticide applications affected wing developmental instability in T. infestans populations from Amamá and other rural villages of northwest Argentina over a four-year period...
November 13, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105758/why-are-tropical-mountain-passes-low-for-some-species-genetic-and-stable-isotope-tests-for-differentiation-migration-and-expansion-in-elevational-generalist-songbirds
#2
Chauncey R Gadek, Seth D Newsome, Elizabeth J Beckman, Andrea N Chavez, Spencer C Galen, Emil Bautista, Christopher C Witt
1.Most tropical bird species have narrow elevational ranges, likely reflecting climatic specialization. This is consistent with Janzen's Rule, the tendency for mountain passes to be effectively 'higher' in the tropics. Hence, those few tropical species that occur across broad elevational gradients (elevational generalists) represent a contradiction to Janzen's Rule. 2.Here we aim to address the following questions. Are elevational generalists being sundered by diversifying selection along the gradient? Does elevational movement cause these species to resist diversification or specialization? Have they recently expanded, suggesting that elevational generalism is short-lived in geological time? 3...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062165/at-the-intersection-of-criminal-justice-involvement-and-sexual-orientation-dynamic-networks-and-health-among-a-population-based-sample-of-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
J A Schneider, N Lancki, P Schumm
Mass incarceration of young Black men has a significant impact on their network composition and stability that, in turn, may have major implications for health and well-being. A sub-group of young Black men with criminal justice involvement (CJI) identify as gay, bisexual or are non-identified men who have sex with men (hereafter MSM). This paper focuses on the potential effects of CJI on the composition of Black MSM social and sexual networks, their stability over time, and concomitant health and social outcomes...
October 2017: Social Networks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062162/low-temperatures-during-ontogeny-increase-fluctuating-asymmetry-and-reduce-maternal-aggression-in-the-house-mouse-mus-musculus
#4
Zeynep Benderlioglu, Eliot Dow
Maternal aggression is behavior displayed by post-partum lactating female mice toward unfamiliar conspecifics, presumably as a defense against infanticide. A variety of perinatal stressors can impair maternal care in adulthood. Previous studies on associations between developmental perturbations and maternal aggression have produced mixed results. To address this issue, we employed a proxy for developmental instability, fluctuating asymmetry (FA) to further elucidate the relationship between low temperature stress and maternal aggression...
June 2017: Ethology: Formerly Zeitschrift Für Tierpsychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056984/housing-instability-and-concurrent-substance-use-and-mental-health-concerns-an-examination-of-canadian-youth
#5
Tayla Smith, Lisa Hawke, Gloria Chaim, Joanna Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Though previous research has identified the high burden of mental health and addiction (MHA) concerns among precariously housed youth, earlier studies have not examined differences in MHA concerns among housing insecure Canadian youth across sectors. This study examines this issue using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs Short Screener (GAIN-SS) in a cross-sectoral sample of Canadian youth. METHOD: A total of 2605 youth ages 12 to 24 seeking services across sectors completed the GAIN-SS and a sociodemographic form...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056803/homelessness-and-aging-out-of-foster-care-a-national-comparison-of-child-welfare-involved-adolescents
#6
Patrick J Fowler, Katherine E Marcal, Jinjin Zhang, Orin Day, John Landsverk
The present study represents the first large-scale, prospective comparison to test whether aging out of foster care contributes to homelessness risk in emerging adulthood. A nationally representative sample of adolescents investigated by the child welfare system in 2008 to 2009 from the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being Study (NSCAW II) reported experiences of housing problems at 18- and 36-month follow-ups. Latent class analyses identified subtypes of housing problems, including literal homelessness, housing instability, and stable housing...
June 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055781/induced-abortion-among-women-veterans-data-from-the-ecuun-study
#7
Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Florentina E Sileanu, Xinhua Zhao, Maria K Mor, Lisa S Callegari, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: We compared rates of induced abortion among women Veterans receiving VA healthcare to rates in the general US population, as current policy prohibits VA provision of abortion counseling or services, even when pregnancy endangers a Veteran's life. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2, 298 women Veterans younger than 45years, who completed a telephone-based, cross-sectional survey of randomly-sampled English-speaking women from across the US who had received VA healthcare...
October 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040840/experiences-of-structural-vulnerability-among-exotic-dancers-in-baltimore-maryland-co-occurring-social-and-economic-antecedents-of-hiv-sti-risk
#8
Meredith L Brantley, Katherine H A Footer, Sahnah Lim, Deanna Kerrigan, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Women who grow up in economic scarcity often face limited opportunities for upward mobility, as a result of challenges securing stable housing, quality education, and steady employment. Chronic instability may limit the capacity of women to protect themselves against HIV/STI-related harm when engaging in sexual activity or drug use. Characterizing the structural contexts that facilitate HIV/STI risk among women are critical to effective design and implementation of drug and sexual harm reduction interventions...
October 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019906/predicting-child-protective-services-cps-involvement-among-low-income-u-s-families-with-young-children-receiving-nutritional-assistance
#9
Kristen S Slack, Sarah Font, Kathryn Maguire-Jack, Lawrence M Berger
This exploratory study examines combinations of income-tested welfare benefits and earnings, as they relate to the likelihood of child maltreatment investigations among low-income families with young children participating in a nutritional assistance program in one U.S. state (Wisconsin). Using a sample of 1065 parents who received the Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) benefits in late 2010 and early 2011, we find that relying on either work in the absence of other means-tested welfare benefits, or a combination of work and welfare benefits, reduces the likelihood of CPS involvement compared to parents who rely on welfare benefits in the absence of work...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888517/beliefs-regarding-asthma-management-relating-to-asthma-action-plans-aaps-of-african-american-caregivers-residing-in-newark-new-jersey-public-housing-communities
#10
Frank Wagner, Lorraine Steefel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the beliefs regarding asthma management and Asthma Action Plans (AAPs) of African American caregivers residing in three New Jersey public housing communities in Newark, New Jersey. DESIGN: A qualitative methods design was accomplished using semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of nine African American caregivers of children with asthma. Information was coded using N'VIVO™; the textual analysis combined codes into categories, which were then assembled into themes...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885358/comorbidity-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-anxiety-in-flood-survivors-prevalence-and-shared-risk-factors
#11
Wenjie Dai, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Hongzhuan Tan, Jieru Wang, Zhiwei Lai, Xin Wu, Yuan Xiong, Jing Deng, Aizhong Liu
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety are both prevalent in trauma-related populations. However, comorbidity of these 2 psychiatric disorders has not been investigated in flood survivors. This study aimed to estimate the extent to which PTSD and anxiety co-occur in flood survivors, and identify shared risk factors for PTSD only and comorbidity of PTSD and anxiety.Individuals who experienced Dongting Lake flood in 1998 were enrolled in this study using stratified and systematic random sampling method...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851508/long-term-housing-subsidies-and-ssi-ssdi-income-creating-health-promoting-contexts-for-families-experiencing-housing-instability-with-disabilities
#12
Zachary S Glendening, Erin McCauley, Marybeth Shinn, Scott R Brown
BACKGROUND: Though disability and housing instability are discussed separately in public health literature, few studies address families at their intersection. As a result, little is known about families who experience both homelessness and disability, how many receive disability benefits like SSI and SSDI, or the influence of those benefits on health-promoting outcomes like housing stability and self-sufficiency. Moreover, no previous research compares the ability of different housing and service interventions to increase disability benefit access...
August 26, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815623/housing-and-child-welfare-emerging-evidence-and-implications-for-scaling-up-services
#13
Patrick J Fowler, Anne F Farrell, Katherine E Marcal, Saras Chung, Peter S Hovmand
Inadequate housing threatens family stability in communities across the United States. This study reviews emerging evidence on housing interventions in the context of scale-up for the child welfare system. In child welfare, scale-up refers to the extent to which fully implemented interventions sustainably alleviate family separations associated with housing instability. It incorporates multiple aspects beyond traditional measures of effectiveness including costs, potential reach, local capacities for implementation, and fit within broader social services...
September 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792062/housing-and-child-well-being-implications-for-research-policy-and-practice
#14
Patrick J Fowler, Anne F Farrell
Inadequate housing and homelessness represent significant barriers to family stability and child development. An accumulating body of evidence documents the relatively high risk of family separation among families experiencing housing instability and homelessness, the extent of housing problems experienced by families involved in the child welfare system, and the disproportionately high rates of homelessness among youth aging out of foster care. Vulnerable youth and families interact frequently with various social service programs intended to mitigate multifaceted and multilevel risks, however, systems efforts and resources are rarely coordinated and results to date are mixed...
September 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792060/screening-for-housing-instability-and-homelessness-among-families-undergoing-child-maltreatment-investigation
#15
Anne F Farrell, Kate E Dibble, Kellie G Randall, Preston A Britner
This paper reports results of mixed methods, population survey of housing instability, and homelessness. Child welfare personnel conducted the Quick Risks and Assets for Family Triage (QRAFT), a three-question screening tool intended to identify housing instability and homelessness. The QRAFT requires users to assess family housing history, current housing arrangement, and current housing condition, on a four-point scale from "asset/not a risk" to "severe risk." The QRAFT was completed among 6828 families undergoing new child maltreatment investigations...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783811/social-determinants-of-health-in-managed-care-payment-formulas
#16
Arlene S Ash, Eric O Mick, Randall P Ellis, Catarina I Kiefe, Jeroan J Allison, Melissa A Clark
Importance: Managed care payment formulas commonly allocate more money for medically complex populations, but ignore most social determinants of health (SDH). Objective: To add SDH variables to a diagnosis-based payment formula that allocates funds to managed care plans and accountable care organizations. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using data from MassHealth, the Massachusetts Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program, we estimated regression models predicting Medicaid spending using a diagnosis-based and SDH-expanded model, and compared the accuracy of their cost predictions overall and for vulnerable populations...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769146/what-does-a-swiss-franc-mortgage-cost-the-tale-of-polish-trust-for-foreign-currency-denominated-mortgages-implications-for-well-being-and-health
#17
Piotr Białowolski, Dorota Węziak-Białowolska
It is commonly agreed that excessive household financial debts are detrimental to psychological and physical health. Research also demonstrates that housing instability, mortgage indebtedness and mortgage foreclosure negatively influence subjective well-being. In Poland at the beginning of 2015, homeowners with Swiss franc denominated mortgages suffered from an abrupt swing in the Swiss franc/Polish zloty (CHF/PLN) exchange rate, which resulted in considerable increase in the local currency value of their mortgages...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767014/hiv-risk-substance-use-and-personality-characteristics-among-adults-with-history-of-serious-mental-illness
#18
Cathryn H Mainville, Mark A Richardson, Stephen M Brady, Jori Berger-Greenstein, Janine Bacic
The present study examined the relationship between characteristics associated with personality disorders, substance use, and HIV risk among adults with a history of serious mental illness. Participants included 103 adults with antisocial or borderline personality disorder, serious mental illness, and recent HIV risk behavior. The sample was predominately male (64%), diverse (42% African American and 13% Hispanic), and homeless/marginally housed (76%). In order to examine the relationship between personality characteristics and risk we constructed a risk index comprising key symptoms of antisocial and borderline personality disorders, namely; impulsivity, affective instability, and disregard for safety of self/others...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727709/transforaminal-percutaneous-endoscopic-discectomy-and-foraminoplasty-after-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery
#19
Jian-Jun Wu, Hui-Zhen Chen, Changkun Zheng
BACKGROUND: The most common causes of pain following lumbar spinal fusions are residual herniation, or foraminal fibrosis and foraminal stenosis that is ignored, untreated, or undertreated. The original surgeon may advise his patient that nothing more can be done in his opinion that the nerve was visually decompressed by the original surgery. Post-operative imaging or electrophysiological assessment may be inadequate to explain all the reasons for residual or recurrent symptoms. Treatment of failed lumbar spinal fusions by repeat traditional open revision surgery usually incorporates more extensive decompression causing increased instability and back pain...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683729/crrtnet-a-prospective-multi-national-observational-study-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-practices
#20
Michael Heung, Sean M Bagshaw, Andrew A House, Luis A Juncos, Robin Piazza, Stuart L Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is the recommended modality of dialysis for critically ill patients with hemodynamic instability. Yet there remains significant variability in how CRRT is prescribed and delivered, and limited evidence-basis to guide practice. METHODS: This is a prospective, multi-center observational study of patients undergoing CRRT. Initial enrollment phase will occur at 4 academic medical centers in North America over 5 years, with a target enrollment of 2000 patients...
July 6, 2017: BMC Nephrology
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