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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727709/transforaminal-percutaneous-endoscopic-discectomy-and-foraminoplasty-after-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery
#1
Jian-Jun Wu, Hui-Zhen Chen, Changkun Zheng
BACKGROUND: The most common causes of pain following lumbar spinal fusions are residual herniation, or foraminal fibrosis and foraminal stenosis that is ignored, untreated, or undertreated. The original surgeon may advise his patient that nothing more can be done in his opinion that the nerve was visually decompressed by the original surgery. Post-operative imaging or electrophysiological assessment may be inadequate to explain all the reasons for residual or recurrent symptoms. Treatment of failed lumbar spinal fusions by repeat traditional open revision surgery usually incorporates more extensive decompression causing increased instability and back pain...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683729/crrtnet-a-prospective-multi-national-observational-study-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-practices
#2
Michael Heung, Sean M Bagshaw, Andrew A House, Luis A Juncos, Robin Piazza, Stuart L Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is the recommended modality of dialysis for critically ill patients with hemodynamic instability. Yet there remains significant variability in how CRRT is prescribed and delivered, and limited evidence-basis to guide practice. METHODS: This is a prospective, multi-center observational study of patients undergoing CRRT. Initial enrollment phase will occur at 4 academic medical centers in North America over 5 years, with a target enrollment of 2000 patients...
July 6, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673700/antimicrobial-resistance-and-the-current-refugee-crisis
#3
REVIEW
Helena C Maltezou, Maria Theodoridou, George L Daikos
In the past few years, Europe has experienced an enormous influx of refugees and migrants owing to the ongoing civil war in Syria as well as conflicts, violence and instability in other Asian and African countries. Available data suggest that refugees carry a significant burden of multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms, which is attributed to the rising antimicrobial resistance (AMR) rates in their countries of origin, both in healthcare settings and in the community. Transmission of MDR pathogens among refugees is facilitated by the collapsed housing, hygiene and healthcare infrastructures in several communities as well as poor hygiene conditions during their trip to destination countries...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651206/an-investigation-of-the-role-of-defect-levels-on-the-radiation-response-of-synthetic-diamond-crystals-when-used-as-sensors-for-the-detection-of-mammography-x-rays
#4
Nicholas Ade
This study evaluates the role of defects on the performances of synthetic diamond sensors on exposure to mammography X-rays. Through systematic investigations, the main cause of instability of response of examined sensors necessitating pre-irradiation was isolated and ascribed to the presence of ambient light which has the effect of emptying shallow trapping levels. The changes in response between measurements in light and dark conditions varied from 2.8 ± 1.2% to 63.0 ± 0.3%. Sensitivities between 0.4 and 6...
June 17, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641941/role-of-recombination-and-replication-fork-restart-in-repeat-instability
#5
REVIEW
Erica J Polleys, Nealia C M House, Catherine H Freudenreich
Eukaryotic genomes contain many repetitive DNA sequences that exhibit size instability. Some repeat elements have the added complication of being able to form secondary structures, such as hairpin loops, slipped DNA, triplex DNA or G-quadruplexes. Especially when repeat sequences are long, these DNA structures can form a significant impediment to DNA replication and repair, leading to DNA nicks, gaps, and breaks. In turn, repair or replication fork restart attempts within the repeat DNA can lead to addition or removal of repeat elements, which can sometimes lead to disease...
June 9, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637724/cross-sectional-association-between-zip-code-level-gentrification-and-homelessness-among-a-large-community-based-sample-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-19-us-cities
#6
Sabriya L Linton, Hannah Lf Cooper, Mary E Kelley, Conny C Karnes, Zev Ross, Mary E Wolfe, Samuel R Friedman, Don Des Jarlais, Salaam Semaan, Barbara Tempalski, Catlainn Sionean, Elizabeth DiNenno, Cyprian Wejnert, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
BACKGROUND: Housing instability has been associated with poor health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). This study investigates the associations of local-level housing and economic conditions with homelessness among a large sample of PWID, which is an underexplored topic to date. METHODS: PWID in this cross-sectional study were recruited from 19 large cities in the USA as part of National HIV Behavioral Surveillance. PWID provided self-reported information on demographics, behaviours and life events...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605684/child-maltreatment-as-a-function-of-cumulative-family-risk-findings-from-the-intensive-family-preservation-program
#7
Irina Patwardhan, Kristin Duppong Hurley, Ronald W Thompson, Walter A Mason, Jay L Ringle
This study examined child maltreatment as a function of cumulative family risk in a sample of at-risk families (N=837) who were referred to an intensive family preservation program because of child behavior problems or suspected child abuse and neglect. The goal of this intensive family preservation program is to improve parenting skills and reduce immediate family stressors that may lead to an increased risk of child abuse and neglect. The findings indicate that the most prominent family risks comprising the cumulative risk scale in our sample were socio-economic disadvantage (e...
June 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566035/pilot-scale-steam-aging-of-steel-slags
#8
Praveen Kumar, D Satish Kumar, K Marutiram, Smr Prasad
Solid waste management has gained importance in the steel industry in view of rising environmental concerns and scarcity of raw materials. In spite of significant developments in reducing waste generation and development of recycling technologies, steel slag is still a concern for the industry as most of it is dumped. Steel slag is similar to stone aggregates in strength, but its volumetric instability in contact with water hinders its application as aggregates in construction. A part of steel slag is normally exposed to rain and sun for natural aging and stabilization for months before use...
June 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537845/high-rates-of-access-to-health-care-disclosure-of-sexuality-and-gender-identity-to-providers-among-house-and-ball-community-members-in-new-york-city
#9
Sean Cahill, Sarah Trieweiler, John Guidry, Nelisa Rash, Layla Stamper, Kerith Conron, Nicole Turcotte, Ilana Gratch, Paige Lowery
The House and Ball community is an important cultural manifestation of resiliency for Black and Latino gay and bisexual men and transgender women. Participants at the August 2013 House of Latex Ball in New York City were surveyed about insurance coverage, health care access, experiences in health care, and housing instability. The sample (n = 367) was 58% Black/African American and 20% Hispanic/Latino, with a mean age of 31. Fifty-five percent were gay and bisexual men. Although only 6% identified as transgender, nearly one half were gender nonconforming...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499382/the-association-between-residential-eviction-and-syringe-sharing-among-a-prospective-cohort-of-street-involved-youth
#10
Andreas Pilarinos, Mary Clare Kennedy, Ryan McNeil, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
BACKGROUND: Syringe sharing is a high-risk practice associated with the transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV and HCV. While youth who contend with housing instability are known to be more likely to engage in high-risk substance use, the potential relationship between being evicted from housing and syringe sharing has not been examined. This study assessed whether residential eviction was associated with syringe sharing among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), a prospective cohort of street-involved youth who use drugs age 14-26 in Vancouver, Canada...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489699/incidence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-cohort-of-homeless-and-vulnerably-housed-adults-in-3-canadian-cities
#11
Mohammadali Nikoo, Anne Gadermann, Matthew J To, Michael Krausz, Stephen W Hwang, Anita Palepu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the factors associated with incident traumatic brain injury (TBI) among homeless and vulnerably housed persons over a 3-year follow-up period. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were obtained from the Health and Housing in Transition study, which tracked the health and housing status of 1190 homeless or vulnerably housed individuals in 3 Canadian cities for 3 years. DESIGN AND MAIN MEASURES: Main measure was self-reported incident TBI during the follow-up period...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481611/intimate-partner-violence-unhealthy-alcohol-use-and-housing-instability-among-women-veterans-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#12
Melissa E Dichter, Clara Wagner, Sonya Borrero, Lauren Broyles, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery
Women U.S. military veterans face particularly high rates of homelessness, which may be associated with psychosocial experiences including unhealthy alcohol use and experience of intimate partner violence (IPV). In this study, we examined clinical social health screening data to assess the association between housing instability and (a) experience of past-year IPV victimization, and (b) unhealthy alcohol use among 554 women receiving primary care from the Veterans Health Administration. Approximately 12% of patients screened reported housing instability...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472264/impact-of-a-supportive-housing-program-on-housing-stability-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-new-york-city-young-adults-aging-out-of-foster-care
#13
Sungwoo Lim, Tejinder P Singh, R Charon Gwynn
Former foster youth are at increased risk of housing instability and sexually transmitted infections (STI) during the transitional period following foster care. The authors measured housing stability using sequence analysis and assessed whether a New York City supportive housing program was effective in improving housing stability and reducing STI among former foster youth. Matched administrative records identified 895 former foster youth who were eligible for the housing program in 2007-10. The main outcomes included housing stability (as determined from episodes of homelessness, incarceration, hospitalization, and residence in supportive housing) and diagnosed STI case rates per 1,000 person-years during 2 years after baseline...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437129/acute-ankle-sprain-in-a-mouse-model-changes-in-knee-joint-space
#14
Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Erik A Wikstrom, Sophie Guderian, Michael J Turner
CONTEXT:   Ankle sprains remain the most common orthopaedic injury. Conducting long-term studies in humans is difficult and costly, so the long-term consequences of an ankle sprain are not entirely known. OBJECTIVE:   To measure knee-joint space after a single surgically induced ankle sprain in mice. DESIGN:   Randomized controlled trial. SETTING:   University research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Thirty male mice (CBA/2J) were randomly placed into 1 of 3 surgical groups: the transected calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) group, the transected anterior talofibular ligament/CFL group, or a sham treatment group...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423858/needles-in-a-haystack-screening-and-healthcare-system-evidence-for-homelessness
#15
Jamison D Fargo, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Thomas Byrne, Emily Brignone, Meagan Cusack, Adi V Gundlapalli
Effectiveness of screening for homelessness in a large healthcare system was evaluated in terms of successfully referring and connecting patients with appropriate prevention or intervention services. Screening and healthcare services data from nearly 6 million U.S. military veterans were analyzed. Veterans either screened positive for current or risk of housing instability, or negative for both. Current living situation was used to validate results of screening. Administrative evidence for homelessness-related services was significantly higher among positive-screen veterans who accepted a referral for services compared to those who declined...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295260/hospital-readmission-and-social-risk-factors-identified-from-physician-notes
#16
Amol S Navathe, Feiran Zhong, Victor J Lei, Frank Y Chang, Margarita Sordo, Maxim Topaz, Shamkant B Navathe, Roberto A Rocha, Li Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of seven social factors using physician notes as compared to claims and structured electronic health records (EHRs) data and the resulting association with 30-day readmissions. STUDY SETTING: A multihospital academic health system in southeastern Massachusetts. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study of 49,319 patients with cardiovascular disease admitted from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2013, using multivariable logistic regression to adjust for patient characteristics...
March 13, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258531/correlates-of-sexual-risk-among-recent-gay-and-bisexual-immigrants-from-western-and-eastern-africa-to-the-usa
#17
Theo Sandfort, C Anyamele, C Dolezal
We examined correlates of sexual risk among gay and bisexual men, who recently migrated from western and eastern African countries to the USA and lived in New York City and who are HIV negative or of unknown status. These men migrate from countries where same-sex sexuality is socially rejected and mostly illegal contributing to the motivation to migrate. Their background might predispose these men to engagement in sexual risk practices, while they are not specifically addressed in HIV prevention programming...
June 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243936/the-effects-of-housing-status-stability-and-the-social-contexts-of-housing-on-drug-and-sexual-risk-behaviors
#18
Julia Dickson-Gomez, Timothy McAuliffe, Katherine Quinn
Research on the relationship between housing instability and HIV risk has often focused on two different conceptions of stability. In one conceptualization, housing stability is defined according to physical location with homeless or unstably housed individuals defined as those who reside in places not meant for human habitation or in emergency shelters. The other conceptualization has defined housing stability as individuals' degree of transience, often operationalized as the number of moves or evictions a person has had within a specified amount of time...
July 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202350/chronic-social-instability-increases-anxiety-like-behavior-and-ethanol-preference-in-male-long-evans-rats
#19
Alyssa R Roeckner, Alexandra Bowling, Tracy R Butler
Chronic stress during adolescence is related to increased prevalence of anxiety disorders and alcohol use disorders in humans. This phenotype has been consistently recapitulated in animal models with male subjects, but models using female subjects are fewer. The aim of these studies was to test the hypothesis that chronic social instability (CSI) during adolescence engenders increased anxiety-like behavior, increased corticosterone, and greater ethanol intake and/or preference than control groups in male and female rats...
February 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185851/assessment-of-micro-scale-anaerobic-digestion-for-management-of-urban-organic-waste-a-case-study-in-london-uk
#20
M Walker, H Theaker, R Yaman, D Poggio, W Nimmo, A Bywater, G Blanch, M Pourkashanian
This paper describes the analysis of an AD plant that is novel in that it is located in an urban environment, built on a micro-scale, fed on food and catering waste, and operates as a purposeful system. The plant was built in 2013 and continues to operate to date, processing urban food waste and generating biogas for use in a community café. The plant was monitored for a period of 319days during 2014, during which the operational parameters, biological stability and energy requirements of the plant were assessed...
March 2017: Waste Management
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