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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781331/hiv-prioritization-and-risk-perception-among-an-online-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#1
Erin M Kahle, Akshay Sharma, Stephen P Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
Men who have sex with men (MSM) may prioritize interpersonal and structural factors, such as LGBTQ-related inequalities, housing instability, financial insecurity, and relationship seeking, over HIV prevention. The aim of this study was to assess how MSM prioritize HIV relative to other factors and the association between HIV prioritization, HIV testing and sexual risk behavior, and perceived risk. Data were collected from a national online survey of MSM in the United States assessing HIV knowledge and prioritization...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779458/predictors-of-housing-instability-in-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Emily N Adams, Hannah M Clark, Maria M Galano, Sara F Stein, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Sandra Graham-Bermann
Although one in four women in the United States experience severe intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetimes and are at greater risk for homelessness and housing insecurity than women who have not experienced IPV, the factors increasing the vulnerability of women with an IPV history to housing instability have not been examined. This cross-sectional study utilized baseline data from interviews with 218 IPV-exposed women from diverse ethnoracial backgrounds participating with their children in the Kids' Club and the Mom's Empowerment Program, joint interventions designed to improve outcomes in families who have experienced IPV...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764425/mobility-patterns-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-internal-migrant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-national-monitoring-survey
#3
Ying Ji, Xiaoping Zhao, Zhili Wang, Shenglan Liu, Yang Shen, Chun Chang
BACKGROUND: Residential instability during pregnancy has been linked to poor health outcomes. As a first step toward providing better health care to pregnant migrant women, the size and characteristics of this population and factors associated with mobility during pregnancy should be studied. METHODS: Using the "Monitoring Data of Chinese Migrants" for 2012, from the Chinese National Population and Family Planning Commission, this study explored mobility patterns during pregnancy and associated factors among migrants within China...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725878/using-electronic-health-records-to-enhance-a-peer-health-navigator-intervention-a-randomized-pilot-test-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-and-housing-instability
#4
Erin L Kelly, Joel T Braslow, John S Brekke
Individuals with serious mental illnesses have high rates of comorbid physical health issues and have numerous barriers to addressing their health and health care needs. The present pilot study tested the feasibility of a modified form of the "Bridge" peer-health navigator intervention delivered in a usual care setting by agency personnel. The modifications concerned the use of an electronic personal health record with individuals experiencing with housing instability. Twenty participants were randomized to receive the intervention immediately or after 6 months...
May 3, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603735/unexpected-instabilities-explain-batch-to-batch-variability-in-cell-free-protein-expression-systems
#5
Dominic J B Hunter, Akshay Bhumkar, Nichole Giles, Emma Sierecki, Yann Gambin
Cell-free methods of protein synthesis offer rapid access to expressed proteins. Though the amounts produced are generally only at a small scale, these are sufficient to perform protein-protein interaction assays and tests of enzymatic activity. As such they are valuable tools for the biochemistry and bioengineering community. However the most complex, eukaryotic cell-free systems are difficult to manufacture in house and can be prohibitively expensive to obtain from commercial sources. The Leishmania tarentolae system offers a relatively cheap alternative which is capable of producing difficult to express proteins, but which is simpler to produce in large scale...
March 31, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602191/perinatal-substance-use-residential-instability-and-negative-behavioral-outcomes-among-adolescents-lessons-from-the-maternal-lifestyle-study
#6
Brandi P Cotton, Matthew C Lohman, Jessica M Brooks, Linda L LaGasse
PROBLEM: Both housing instability and prenatal substance use are known risk factors for behavioral problems among adolescents. METHODS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between residential instability (residential mobility and homelessness) and delinquent behaviors among adolescents enrolled in the maternal lifestyle study (MLS), a 16-year research study that explored short-term and long-term effects of in-utero exposure to cocaine and/or opiates (N = 736)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577059/degree-of-housing-instability-shows-independent-dose-response-with-virologic-suppression-rates-among-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#7
Angelo Clemenzi-Allen, Elvin Geng, Katerina Christopoulos, Hali Hammer, Susan Buchbinder, Diane Havlir, Monica Gandhi
Housing instability negatively impacts outcomes in people [living] with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), yet the effect of diverse living arrangements has not previously been evaluated. Using 6 dwelling types to measure housing status, we found a strong inverse association between housing instability and viral suppression across a spectrum of unstable housing arrangements.
March 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495563/food-insecurity-in-homeless-families-in-the-paris-region-france-results-from-the-enfams-survey
#8
Judith Martin-Fernandez, Sandrine Lioret, Cécile Vuillermoz, Pierre Chauvin, Stéphanie Vandentorren
The number of families living in shelters in the Paris region (France) has increased by a factor of three in 10 years. In 2013, a survey was performed on homeless families in order to characterize their living conditions, their health needs, and the developmental problems in children. This probability survey was conducted in 17 languages among 801 homeless families sheltered in emergency centers for asylum-seekers, emergency housing centers, social rehabilitation centers, and social hotels in the Paris region...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492798/residential-mobility-across-early-childhood-and-children-s-kindergarten-readiness
#9
Stefanie Mollborn, Elizabeth Lawrence, Elisabeth Dowling Root
Understanding residential mobility in early childhood is important for contextualizing family, school, and neighborhood influences on child well-being. We examined the consequences of residential mobility for socioemotional and cognitive kindergarten readiness using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, a nationally representative longitudinal survey that followed U.S. children born in 2001 from infancy to kindergarten. We described individual, household, and neighborhood characteristics associated with residential mobility for children aged 0-5...
April 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477085/crystal-methamphetamine-use-and-its-correlates-in-women-engaged-in-sex-work-in-a-developing-country-setting
#10
Mostafa Shokoohi, Mohammad Karamouzian, Hamid Sharifi, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Adam W Carrico, Samira Hosseini Hooshyar, Ali Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, crystal methamphetamine (CM) use and associated high-risk sexual behaviors are a concern, but they are less studied among female sex workers (FSW) in developing countries. This study aimed to characterize the prevalence and individual, interpersonal, and structural correlates of self-reported past-month CM use among FSW in Iran. METHODS: FSW aged ≥ 18 years who reported penetrative sex with more than one client in the last year were recruited (analytic sample: 1295)...
April 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465661/sexually-transmitted-infection-prevalence-among-homeless-adults-in-the-u-s-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Samantha P Williams, Kenneth L Bryant
BACKGROUND: Homelessness significantly affects health and well-being. Homeless adults often experience co-occurring and debilitating physical, psychological, and social conditions. These determinants are associated with disproportionate rates of infectious disease among homeless adults, including tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis. Less is known about sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence among homeless adults. METHODS: We systematically searched three databases, and reviewed the 2000-2016 literature on STI prevalence among homeless adults in the U...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433952/recent-intimate-partner-violence-and-housing-instability-among-women-veterans
#12
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Anneliese E Sorrentino, Meagan C Cusack, Scarlett L Bellamy, Elina Medvedeva, Christopher B Roberts, Melissa E Dichter
INTRODUCTION: Women Veterans are at increased risk of both housing instability and intimate partner violence compared with their non-Veteran counterparts. The objectives of the present study were (1) to assess the relationship between women Veterans' experience of intimate partner violence and various indicators of housing instability, and (2) to assess what correlates help to explain experiences of housing instability among women Veterans who experienced past-year intimate partner violence...
April 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412694/lateral-ankle-sprain-in-a-mouse-model-lifelong-sensorimotor-dysfunction
#13
Erik A Wikstrom, Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Sophie Guderian, Michael J Turner
CONTEXT:   Ankle sprains are the most common orthopaedic injury that occurs during sport and physical activity. Many individuals who sprain their ankles develop chronic ankle instability (CAI), a condition characterized by recurrent injury, decreased physical activity, and decreased quality of life. These residual impairments are believed to persist for the remainder of the patient's life, in part due to the link between CAI and posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis. However, this belief remains speculative due to the lack of long-term prospective investigations...
March 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398601/losmapimod-overcomes-gefitinib-resistance-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-by-preventing-tetraploidization
#14
Yiu To Yeung, Shuying Yin, Bingbing Lu, Suyu Fan, Ran Yang, Ruihua Bai, Chengjuan Zhang, Ann M Bode, Kangdong Liu, Zigang Dong
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is known to play a critical role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Constitutively active EGFR mutations, including in-frame deletion in exon 19 and L858R point mutation in exon 21, contribute about 90% of all EGFR-activating mutations in NSCLC. Although oral EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), gefitinib and erlotinib, show dramatic clinical efficacy with significantly prolonged progression-free survival in patients harboring these EGFR-activating mutations, most of these patients will eventually develop acquired resistance...
February 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377900/rewired-rnai-mediated-genome-surveillance-in-house-dust-mites
#15
Mosharrof Mondal, Pavel Klimov, Alex Sutton Flynt
House dust mites are common pests with an unusual evolutionary history, being descendants of a parasitic ancestor. Transition to parasitism is frequently accompanied by genome rearrangements, possibly to accommodate the genetic change needed to access new ecology. Transposable element (TE) activity is a source of genomic instability that can trigger large-scale genomic alterations. Eukaryotes have multiple transposon control mechanisms, one of which is RNA interference (RNAi). Investigation of the dust mite genome failed to identify a major RNAi pathway: the Piwi-associated RNA (piRNA) pathway, which has been replaced by a novel small-interfering RNA (siRNA)-like pathway...
January 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358482/unstable-housing-and-caregiver-and-child-health-in-renter-families
#16
Megan Sandel, Richard Sheward, Stephanie Ettinger de Cuba, Sharon M Coleman, Deborah A Frank, Mariana Chilton, Maureen Black, Timothy Heeren, Justin Pasquariello, Patrick Casey, Eduardo Ochoa, Diana Cutts
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how 3 forms of housing instability relate to caregiver and child health among low-income renter households. METHODS: Caregivers of children 0 to 48 months of age were interviewed in 5 urban medical centers from May 2009 to December 2015. Caregivers reported on the following: caregiver health, maternal depressive symptoms, child's health, lifetime hospitalizations, developmental risk, and 3 housing circumstances, which were categorized as being behind on rent in the past 12 months, multiple moves (≥ 2 in past 12 months), and child's lifetime history of homelessness...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332553/understanding-trauma-normativeness-normalization-and-help-seeking-in-homeless-mothers
#17
Barbara L Brush, Laura E Gultekin, Elizabeth B Dowdell, Denise M Saint Arnault, Katherine Satterfield
Although trauma-informed approaches guide services to families experiencing homelessness, more emphasis is placed on securing housing than addressing underlying trauma contributing to housing instability. Examining the stories of 29 homeless and/or unstably housed mothers within the broader literature on family trauma and violence, chronic illness, and cultural aspects of family functioning, we define the process of trauma normativeness and normalization that may occur with repeated trauma experiences and argue that rehousing efforts must include concomitant attention to trauma and to understanding how individual, family, community, and cultural factors influence help-seeking behaviors in this vulnerable and growing population...
November 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314309/how-do-people-with-homelessness-and-alcohol-dependence-cope-when-alcohol-is-unaffordable-a-comparison-of-residents-of-canadian-managed-alcohol-programs-and-locally-recruited-controls
#18
Rebekah A Erickson, Tim Stockwell, Bernadette Pauly, Clifton Chow, Audra Roemer, Jinhui Zhao, Kate Vallance, Ashley Wettlaufer
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: We investigated coping strategies used by alcohol-dependent and unstably housed people when they could not afford alcohol, and how managed alcohol program (MAP) participation influenced these. The aim of this study was to investigate potential negative unintended consequences of alcohol being unaffordable. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 175 MAP residents in five Canadian cities and 189 control participants from nearby shelters were interviewed about the frequency they used 10 coping strategies when unable to afford alcohol...
January 4, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305386/the-chromatin-remodeler-isw1-prevents-cag-repeat-expansions-during-transcription-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#19
Melissa R Koch, Nealia C M House, Casey M Cosetta, Robyn M Jong, Christelle G Salomon, Cailin E Joyce, Elliot A Philips, Xiaofeng A Su, Catherine H Freudenreich
CAG/CTG trinucleotide repeats are unstable sequences that are difficult to replicate, repair, and transcribe due to their structure-forming nature. CAG repeats strongly position nucleosomes; however, little is known about the chromatin remodeling needed to prevent repeat instability. In a Saccharomyces cerevisiae model system with CAG repeats carried on a YAC, we discovered that the chromatin remodeler Isw1 is required to prevent CAG repeat expansions during transcription. CAG repeat expansions in the absence of Isw1 were dependent on both transcription-coupled repair (TCR) and base-excision repair (BER)...
March 2018: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224844/social-management-of-laboratory-rhesus-macaques-housed-in-large-groups-using-a-network-approach-a-review
#20
Brenda McCowan, Brianne Beisner, Darcy Hannibal
Biomedical facilities across the nation and worldwide aim to develop cost-effective methods for the reproductive management of macaque breeding groups, typically by housing macaques in large, multi-male multi-female social groups that provide monkey subjects for research as well as appropriate socialization for their psychological well-being. One of the most difficult problems in managing socially housed macaques is their propensity for deleterious aggression. From a management perspective, deleterious aggression (as opposed to less intense aggression that serves to regulate social relationships) is undoubtedly the most problematic behavior observed in group-housed macaques, which can readily escalate to the degree that it causes social instability, increases serious physical trauma leading to group dissolution, and reduces psychological well-being...
December 7, 2017: Behavioural Processes
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