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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911984/home-visitation-programs-an-untapped-opportunity-for-the-delivery-of-early-childhood-obesity-prevention
#1
S-J Salvy, K de la Haye, T Galama, M I Goran
BACKGROUND: Extant obesity efforts have had limited impact among low-income underserved children, in part because of limitations inherent to existing programs: (i) short duration and low intensity; (ii) late timing of implementation, when children are already overweight or obese; (iii) intervention delivery limiting their accessibility and sustainability; and (iv) failure to address barriers such as a lack of culturally competent services, poverty and housing instability, which interfere with healthy lifestyle changes...
December 2, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910691/compact-ecei-system-with-in-vessel-reflective-optics-for-west
#2
Y B Nam, H K Park, W Lee, G S Yun, M Kim, R Sabot, D Elbeze, P Lotte, J Shen
An electron cyclotron emission imaging (ECEI) diagnostic system for WEST (W Environment for Steady state Tokamak) is under development to study the MHD instabilities affected by tungsten impurities. The system will provide 2-D Te fluctuation images (width × height = ∼18 cm × ∼ 34 cm at low field side and ∼13 cm × ∼ 39 cm at high field side) from a poloidal cross section with high spatial (≤1.7 cm) and temporal (≤2 μs) resolutions. While the key concept and electronic structure are similar to that of prior ECEI systems on other tokamak devices such as KSTAR, DIII-D, or ASDEX-U, part of the imaging optics have to be placed inside the vacuum vessel in order to resolve issues on limited installation space and longer beam path to the detector position...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881686/in-their-own-words-exploring-family-pathways-to-housing-instability
#3
Laura Gultekin, Barbara L Brush
Housing instability threatens the health and well-being of millions of families across the United States, yet little is known about the characteristics or housing trajectories of at-risk families. To address this gap in our understanding of family risk for housing instability and homelessness, we undertook a qualitative descriptive study utilizing a convenience sample of 16 mothers recruited from a housing service agency living in Detroit and receiving emergency services to avoid homelessness. Participants completed the Brief Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), then narrated their life events and reasons for housing instability and disclosed desired interventions for homelessness prevention...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862005/predicting-homelessness-among-emerging-adults-aging-out-of-foster-care
#4
Melissa Ford Shah, Qinghua Liu, J Mark Eddy, Susan Barkan, David Marshall, David Mancuso, Barbara Lucenko, Alice Huber
This study examines risk and protective factors associated with experiencing homelessness in the year after "aging out" of foster care. Using a state-level integrated administrative database, we identified 1,202 emerging adults in Washington State who exited foster care between July 2010 and June 2012. Initial bivariate analyses were conducted to assess the association between candidate predictive factors and an indicator of homelessness in a 12-month follow-up period. After deploying a stepwise regression process, the final logistic regression model included 15 predictive factors...
November 10, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846730/impact-of-food-housing-and-transportation-insecurity-on-art-adherence-a-hierarchical-resources-approach
#5
Talea Cornelius, Maranda Jones, Cynthia Merly, Brandi Welles, Moira O Kalichman, Seth C Kalichman
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed HIV into a manageable illness. However, high levels of adherence must be maintained. Lack of access to basic resources (food, transportation, and housing) has been consistently associated with suboptimal ART adherence. Moving beyond such direct effects, this study takes a hierarchical resources approach in which the effects of access to basic resources on ART adherence are mediated through interpersonal resources (social support and care services) and personal resources (self-efficacy)...
November 15, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808408/the-california-linkages-program-doorway-to-housing-support-for-child-welfare-involved-parents
#6
Amy D'Andrade, James David Simon, Danna Fabella, Lolita Castillo, Cesar Mejia, David Shuster
Housing instability can complicate parents' efforts to provide for their children. Child welfare service agencies have had difficulty adequately serving parents' housing needs due to limited and constrained funding streams. This article integrates the voices of four important stakeholders to illuminate how an innovative model of service system coordination called Linkages addresses housing needs for child welfare-involved parents eligible for public assistance. Facilitated by Linkages, these parents can receive supportive housing services through programs affiliated with the California public assistance program CalWORKs...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799497/nuclear-envelope-rupture-drives-genome-instability-in-cancer
#7
Sanghee Lim, Ryan J Quinton, Neil J Ganem
The nuclear envelope, composed of two lipid bilayers and numerous accessory proteins, has evolved to house the genetic material of all eukaryotic cells. In so doing, the nuclear envelope provides a physical barrier between chromosomes and the cytoplasm. Once believed to be highly stable, recent studies demonstrate that the nuclear envelope is prone to rupture. These rupture events expose chromosomal DNA to the cytoplasmic environment and have the capacity to promote DNA damage. Thus nuclear rupture may be an unappreciated mechanism of mutagenesis...
November 1, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733064/individuals-at-risk-for-suicide
#8
Dana Alonzo, Claire Moravec, Benjamin Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Individuals experiencing suicidal ideation and/or behaviors are often difficult to engage in treatment. Up to 50% of individuals presenting to an ER for treatment of a suicidal crisis refuse outpatient treatment referrals. This study examined outpatient mental health clinicians' perceptions of the barriers to and facilitators of mental health treatment engagement of individuals at risk for suicide. METHOD: Thirty-six mental health clinicians working with clients with past and/or current suicidality (ideation, behaviors) in outpatient mental health centers participated in four focus groups...
October 12, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714432/abrupt-transitions-to-tumor-extinction-a-phenotypic-quasispecies-model
#9
Josep Sardanyés, Regina Martínez, Carles Simó, Ricard Solé
The dynamics of heterogeneous tumor cell populations competing with healthy cells is an important topic in cancer research with deep implications in biomedicine. Multitude of theoretical and computational models have addressed this issue, especially focusing on the nature of the transitions governing tumor clearance as some relevant model parameters are tuned. In this contribution, we analyze a mathematical model of unstable tumor progression using the quasispecies framework. Our aim is to define a minimal model incorporating the dynamics of competition between healthy cells and a heterogeneous population of cancer cell phenotypes involving changes in replication-related genes (i...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705811/mutagenic-potential-assessment-associated-with-human-exposure-to-natural-radioactivity
#10
Alexandre Endres Marcon, Julio Alejandro Navoni, Marcos Felipe de Oliveira Galvão, Anuska Conde Fagundes Soares Garcia, Viviane Souza do Amaral, Reinaldo Antônio Petta, Thomas Ferreira da Costa Campos, Renata Panosso, Antônio Luiz Quinelato, Sílvia Regina Batistuzzo de Medeiros
Lucrécia city, known to harbor a high cancer rate, is located in a semiarid region characterized by the presence of mineral reservoirs, facing a high exposure to metal and natural radioactivity. The present study aimed to assess the environmental scenario at a semiarid region located in Northeastern Brazil. Metal concentration, alpha and beta radiation, and cyanobacteria content in tap water along with indoor radon and gamma emitters (U, K and Th) concentrations were measured. In addition, mutagenic and nuclear instability effects were assessed using buccal micronucleus cytome assay...
October 2, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649222/exploring-the-housing-and-household-energy-pathways-to-stress-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Diana Hernández, Douglas Phillips, Eva Laura Siegel
Chronic stress, known to contribute to negative physical and mental health outcomes, is closely associated with broader issues of material hardship, poor neighborhood conditions, residential instability, and inadequate housing conditions. However, few studies have comprehensively explored pathways to stress in a low-income housing environment. A mixed-methods pilot study investigated the concept of energy insecurity by looking at the impacts of weatherization and energy efficiency interventions on low-income households in the South Bronx neighborhood of New York City...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631662/adaptive-mechanical-stabilization-of-a-free-floating-fully-implantable-hearing-aid
#12
Till Moritz Einger, Martin Koch, Matthias Bornitz, Thomas Zahnert
HYPOTHESIS: An implantable acousto-mechanical transducer will yield a higher output if its mass can be virtually increased through the use of a secondary actuator. BACKGROUND: Current hearing aids and implants rely on feedback compensation to prevent instability (e.g. howling), usually in the form of a digital or analogue filter. We examine the effect of mechanically stabilizing a piezo-driven mechanical amplifier inserted into the incudostapedial joint gap. The aim of this study is to determine whether this is possible and discern the advantages and disadvantages of the design...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595175/physical-and-sexual-violence-predictors-20-years-of-the-women-s-interagency-hiv-study-cohort
#13
Michele R Decker, Lorie Benning, Kathleen M Weber, Susan G Sherman, Adebola Adedimeji, Tracey E Wilson, Jennifer Cohen, Michael W Plankey, Mardge H Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub
INTRODUCTION: Gender-based violence (GBV) threatens women's health and safety. Few prospective studies examine physical and sexual violence predictors. Baseline/index GBV history and polyvictimization (intimate partner violence, non-partner sexual assault, and childhood sexual abuse) were characterized. Predictors of physical and sexual violence were evaluated over follow-up. METHODS: HIV-infected and uninfected participants (n=2,838) in the Women's Interagency HIV Study provided GBV history; 2,669 participants contributed 26,363 person years of follow-up from 1994 to 2014...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589784/gambling-in-the-landscape-of-adversity-in-youth-reflections-from-men-who-live-with-poverty-and-homelessness
#14
Sarah Hamilton-Wright, Julia Woodhall-Melnik, Sara J T Guilcher, Andrée Schuler, Aklilu Wendaferew, Stephen W Hwang, Flora I Matheson
Most of the research on gambling behaviour among youth has been quantitative and focused on measuring prevalence. As a result, little is known about the contextual experiences of youth gambling, particularly among those most vulnerable. In this paper, we explore the previous experiences of youth gambling in a sample of adult men experiencing housing instability and problem gambling. We present findings from a qualitative study on problem gambling and housing instability conducted in Toronto, Canada. Thirty men with histories of problem or pathological gambling and housing instability or homelessness were interviewed...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583633/the-regime-shift-associated-with-the-2004-2008-us-housing-market-bubble
#15
James Tan, Siew Ann Cheong
The Subprime Bubble preceding the Subprime Crisis of 2008 was fueled by risky lending practices, manifesting in the form of a large abrupt increase in the proportion of subprime mortgages issued in the US. This event also coincided with critical slowing down signals associated with instability, which served as evidence of a regime shift or phase transition in the US housing market. Here, we show that the US housing market underwent a regime shift between alternate stable states consistent with the observed critical slowing down signals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550415/social-risk-stigma-and-space-key-concepts-for-understanding-hiv-vulnerability-among-black-men-who-have-sex-men-in-new-york-city
#16
Caroline M Parker, Jonathan Garcia, Morgan M Philbin, Patrick A Wilson, Richard G Parker, Jennifer S Hirsch
Black men who have sex with men in the USA face disproportionate incidence rates of HIV. This paper presents findings from an ethnographic study conducted in New York City that explored the structural and socio-cultural factors shaping men's sexual relationships with the goal of furthering understandings of their HIV-related vulnerability. Methods included participant observation and in-depth interviews with 31 Black men who have sex with men (three times each) and 17 key informants. We found that HIV vulnerability is perceived as produced through structural inequalities including economic insecurity, housing instability, and stigma and discrimination...
August 23, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543948/socioeconomic-status-ses-and-childhood-acute-myeloid-leukemia-aml-mortality-risk-analysis-of-seer-data
#17
Naomi B Knoble, Melissa A Alderfer, Md Jobayer Hossain
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a complex construct of multiple indicators, known to impact cancer outcomes, but has not been adequately examined among pediatric AML patients. This study aimed to identify the patterns of co-occurrence of multiple community-level SES indicators and to explore associations between various patterns of these indicators and pediatric AML mortality risk. A nationally representative US sample of 3651 pediatric AML patients, aged 0-19 years at diagnosis was drawn from 17 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database registries created between 1973 and 2012...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520017/flexible-funding-as-a-promising-strategy-to-prevent-homelessness-for-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Cris M Sullivan, Heather D Bomsta, Margaret A Hacskaylo
The complex interrelationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and housing instability has been well established. Being the victim of IPV is a leading cause of homelessness for women, and once someone is homeless, their lives often spiral downward quickly. While some IPV survivors require extensive and possibly long-term assistance to achieve safe and stable housing (especially if they are contending with multiple complex issues), others could avoid homelessness if provided with immediate, individualized, and flexible assistance...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498094/exchange-of-sex-for-drugs-or-money-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-an-examination-of-sociodemographic-factors-hiv-related-risk-and-community-context
#19
Cherrie B Boyer, Lauren Greenberg, Kate Chutuape, Bendu Walker, Dina Monte, Jennifer Kirk, Jonathan M Ellen
The goal of this research was to examine associations among sociodemographic factors, HIV risk, and community context (e.g., economic insecurity, job training, housing instability, crime victimization, and perceived community norms) in adolescents and young adults who ever exchanged sex for drugs or money. Anonymous survey data were collected using ACASIs at community venues where adolescents and young adults congregate in resource-challenged, STI prevalent, urban, US neighborhoods. Conventional descriptive statistics, Fisher's exact tests, and generalized estimating equations approaches were used to examine associations...
August 6, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485610/-talk-with-me-perspectives-on-services-for-men-with-problem-gambling-and-housing-instability
#20
Sara J T Guilcher, Sarah Hamilton-Wright, Wayne Skinner, Julia Woodhall-Melnik, Peter Ferentzy, Aklilu Wendaferew, Stephen W Hwang, Flora I Matheson
BACKGROUND: Problem gambling and homelessness are recognized as important public health concerns that significantly impact individuals, their friends and families, communities and broader society. We aimed to explore the experiences with health and social services of men who had histories of problem gambling and housing instability in Toronto, Ontario. METHODS: We used a community-based participatory approach with a multi-service agency serving low-income individuals...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
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