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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643100/perceived-devaluation-and-sti-testing-uptake-among-a-cohort-of-street-involved-youth-in-a-canadian-setting
#1
Mohammad Karamouzian, Jean Shoveller, Huiru Dong, Mark Gilbert, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
Perceived devaluation has been shown to have adverse effects on the mental and physical health outcomes of people who use drugs. However, the impact of perceived devaluation on sexually transmitted infections (STI) testing uptake among street-involved youth, who face multiple and intersecting stigmas due to their association with drug use and risky sexual practices, has not been fully characterized. Data were obtained between December 2013 and November 2014 from a cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit drugs aged 14-26 in Vancouver, British Columbia...
June 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631060/estimating-the-size-of-the-msm-population-in-metro-vancouver-canada-using-multiple-methods-and-diverse-data-sources
#2
Ashleigh J Rich, Nathan J Lachowsky, Paul Sereda, Zishan Cui, Jason Wong, Stanley Wong, Jody Jollimore, Henry Fisher Raymond, Travis Salway Hottes, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV globally, regionally in Canada, and locally in Vancouver. Lack of reliable population size estimates of MSM impedes effective implementation of health care services and limits our understanding of the HIV epidemic. We estimated the population size of MSM residing in Metro Vancouver drawing on four data sources: the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), a cross-sectional bio-behavioural MSM survey, HIV testing services data from sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics serving MSM, and online social networking site Facebook...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629224/-it-s-not-my-business-exploring-heteronormativity-in-young-people-s-discourses-about-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-issues-and-their-implications-for-youth-health-and-wellbeing
#3
Cara Ky Ng, Rebecca J Haines-Saah, Rodney E Knight, Jean A Shoveller, Joy L Johnson
In Canada, the issue of creating safe and inclusive school environments for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer students has been in the spotlight. Several researchers and advocates have pointed out the positive effects of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer-positive policy frameworks on the health and wellbeing of all young people. In this article, we take a critical approach to analyzing narrative findings from qualitative interviews conducted with youth in three communities in British Columbia, Canada: "the North," Vancouver, and Abbotsford...
June 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625618/low-incidence-of-plastics-in-food-loads-delivered-to-nestlings-by-a-zooplanktivorous-seabird-over-a-21-year-period
#4
J M Hipfner, K R Studholme, M Galbraith
We quantified the amount of plastic found in food loads delivered to nestlings in Cassin's Auklet (Ptychoramphus aleuticus), a small, zooplanktivorous seabird, on Triangle Island, British Columbia, in 1996-2016. The density of plastic in surrounding waters is moderately high, yet few food loads contained any plastic (3 of 850), and none more than two pieces. That result accords well with previous observations on the other four North Pacific auklets (Aethia spp.), leading us to conclude that true auklets rarely transfer plastic to nestlings...
June 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622117/periprosthetic-femoral-fractures-in-the-emergency-department-what-the-orthopedic-surgeon-wants-to-know
#5
Richard A Marshall, Michael J Weaver, Aaron Sodickson, Bharti Khurana
Femoral fracture in the setting of a hip arthroplasty is an increasingly common complication encountered in the emergency department (ED). Diagnosis and management of periprosthetic fractures are complicated, and orthopedic surgeons rely on imaging findings to guide the appropriate management approach to the injury. Delay in identification and appropriate definitive management of periprosthetic fractures is associated with high morbidity and mortality. At present, the Vancouver classification system for periprosthetic hip fractures is the most common classification system used by orthopedic surgeons...
June 16, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620774/-in-my-culture-we-don-t-know-anything-about-that-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#6
Christine Metusela, Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Alexandra Hawkey, Marina Morrow, Renu Narchal, Jane Estoesta, Melissa Monteiro
PURPOSE: Migrant and refugee women are at risk of negative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes due to low utilisation of SRH services. SRH is shaped by socio-cultural factors which can act as barriers to knowledge and influence access to healthcare. Research is needed to examine constructions and experiences of SRH in non-English-speaking migrant and refugee women, across a range of cultural groups. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the constructions and experiences of SRH among recent migrant and refugee women living in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606451/peak-serum-estradiol-level-during-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-is-not-associated-with-lower-levels-of-pregnancy-associated-plasma-protein-a-or-small-for-gestational-age-infants-a-cohort-study
#7
Caitlin Dunne, Kristy Cho, Angel Shan, Jennifer Hutcheon, Ursula Smith Durland, Ken Seethram, Jon C Havelock
OBJECTIVE: During controlled ovarian stimulation in IVF, supraphysiologic levels of estradiol (E2) have been associated with poor placentation and adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study aimed to investigate whether high peak E2 on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin trigger is associated with low pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study at a private, university-affiliated fertility centre in Vancouver, BC...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605308/prevalence-of-heavy-alcohol-use-among-people-receiving-methadone-following-change-to-methadose
#8
Jan Klimas, Evan Wood, Ekaterina Nosova, M-J Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: A recent switch in methadone formulation from methadone (1 mg/mL) to Methadose (10 mg/mL) in British Columbia (BC), Canada, was associated with increased reports of opioid withdrawal and increases in illicit opioid use. Impacts on other forms of drug use have not been assessed. Since alcohol use is common among people receiving Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT), we assessed if switch was associated with increased prevalence of heavy alcohol use. METHODS: Drawing on data from two open prospective cohort studies of people who inject drugs in Vancouver, BC, generalized estimating equations (GEE) model examined relationship between methadone formulation change and heavy alcohol use, defined by National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602593/split-thickness-skin-graft-meshing-ratio-indications-and-common-practices
#9
Stahs Pripotnev, Anthony Papp
BACKGROUND: Split thickness skin grafting is a commonly used technique in burn surgery for resurfacing wounds that are unlikely to heal without scarring. Meshing and expanding skin grafts allow for reconstruction of larger wounds with smaller donor sites. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 210 patients with burns equal to or greater than 20% total body surface area admitted to Vancouver General Hospital between 1998 and 2014. Charts were reviewed to collect data on patient and burn demographics...
June 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599672/erratum-to-telling-our-stories-heroin-assisted-treatment-and-snap-activism-in-the-downtown-eastside-of-vancouver
#10
Susan Boyd, Dave Murray, Donald MacPherson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598269/cancer-mortality-in-yukon-1999-2013-elevated-mortality-rates-and-a-unique-cancer-profile
#11
Jonathan Simkin, Ryan Woods, Catherine Elliott
BACKGROUND: Although cancer is the leading cause of death in Canada, cancer in the North has been incompletely described. OBJECTIVE: To determine cancer mortality rates in the Yukon Territory, compare them with Canadian rates, and identify major causes of cancer mortality. DESIGN: The Yukon Vital Statistics Registry provided all cancer deaths for Yukon residents between 1999-2013. Age-standardised mortality rates (ASMRs) were calculated using direct standardisation and compared with Canadian rates...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593793/erratum
#12
(no author information available yet)
Yuka A, Tan J, Baibergenova A, Barankin B, Cochrane CL, Humphrey S, Lynde CW, Marcoux D, Poulin Y, Rivers JK, Sapijaszko M, Sibbald RG, Toole J, Ulmer M, Zip C. Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Rosacea. J Cutan Med Surg. 2016;20(5):432-445. Original DOI: 10.1177/1203475416650427 In the above article, the author affiliation for Ulmer M should have been listed as Department of Dermatology and Skin Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada and Carruthers & Humphrey, Vancouver, BC, Canada...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592287/naloxone-and-the-inner-city-youth-experience-nicye-a-community-based-participatory-research-study-examining-young-people-s-perceptions-of-the-bc-take-home-naloxone-program
#13
Keren Mitchell, S Elise Durante, Katrina Pellatt, Chris G Richardson, Steve Mathias, Jane A Buxton
BACKGROUND: Take home naloxone (THN) programs reduce mortality by training bystanders to respond to opioid overdoses. Clinical observation by the health care team at the Inner City Youth (ICY) program indicated that young adults appeared to enthusiastically participate in the THN program and developed improved relationships with staff after THN training. However, we found a dearth of literature exploring the experiences of young adults with THN programs. This study set out to address this gap and identify suggestions from the young adults for program improvement...
June 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588142/recent-evolution-of-extreme-cestode-growth-suppression-by-a-vertebrate-host
#14
Jesse N Weber, Natalie C Steinel, Kum Chuan Shim, Daniel I Bolnick
Parasites can be a major cause of natural selection on hosts, which consequently evolve a variety of strategies to avoid, eliminate, or tolerate infection. When ecologically similar host populations present disparate infection loads, this natural variation can reveal immunological strategies underlying adaptation to infection and population divergence. For instance, the tapeworm Schistocephalus solidus persistently infects 0-80% of threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) in lakes on Vancouver Island...
June 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583136/social-structural-factors-influencing-periods-of-injection-cessation-among-marginalized-youth-who-inject-drugs-in-vancouver-canada-an-ethno-epidemiological-study
#15
Jade Boyd, Danya Fast, Megan Hobbins, Ryan McNeil, Will Small
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use is associated with HIV and hepatitis C transmission, overdose, and other preventable harms. These harms are heightened for structurally vulnerable injection drug-using populations, as their social conditions pose barriers to safer injecting. Previous research on injection cessation has largely focused on adult drug-using populations. Little qualitative work has examined the social, structural, and environmental factors that shape periods of injection cessation among youth and young adults...
June 5, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578217/still-at-risk-an-examination-of-how-street-involved-young-people-understand-experience-and-engage-with-harm-reduction-in-vancouver-s-inner-city
#16
Nikki Bozinoff, Will Small, Cathy Long, Kora DeBeck, Danya Fast
BACKGROUND: Vancouver is an international leader in implementing interventions to reduce harms related to drug use. However, street-involved young people who use drugs continue to be vulnerable to overdose death, hepatitis C (HCV) infection, and high rates of syringe sharing. To better understand this in the context of the intensive public health response, we examined how young people, who are involved in the 'street drug scene', understood, experienced and engaged with harm reduction...
June 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574126/radiographic-outcomes-of-cable-plate-versus-cable-grip-fixation-in-periprosthetic-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur
#17
Benjamin F Ricciardi, Scott R Nodzo, Kathryn Oi, Yuo-Yu Lee, Geoffrey H Westrich
BACKGROUND: Newer generation cable-plate designs are commonly used for periprosthetic proximal femur fractures; however, comparisons relative to cable-grips remain limited. The aim of this study was to compare radiographic healing rates of cable-plate versus cable-grip fixation for periprosthetic proximal femur fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with an acute or chronic Vancouver A, B1, or B2 periprosthetic proximal femur fracture undergoing trochanteric fixation with a cable-plate (n = 46 cases) or cable-grip (n = 24 cases) system were identified retrospectively from a single-centre hospital database (mean follow-up 28 months [range 6-89 months])...
May 23, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574123/orthogonal-plating-of-vancouver-b1-and-c-type-periprosthetic-femur-fracture-nonunions
#18
Christopher E Birch, Michael Blankstein, Jesse D Chlebeck, Craig S Bartlett Rd
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic femoral shaft fractures are a significant complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Plate osteosynthesis has been the mainstay of treatment around well-fixed stems. Nonunions are a rare and challenging complication of this fixation method. We report the outcomes of a novel orthogonal plating surgical technique for Vancouver B1 and C-type periprosthetic fractures that previously failed open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). METHODS: A retrospective review identified all patients with Vancouver B1/C THA periprosthetic femoral nonunions from 2010 to 2015...
May 27, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566908/the-effects-of-multi-growth-factors-containing-cream-on-post-thyroidectomy-scars-a-preliminary-study
#19
Sungsik Shin, Jung U Shin, Youngin Lee, Woong Youn Chung, Kee-Hyun Nam, Tae Gwang Kwon, Ju Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Growth factors play important roles in wound healing. However, the evidence for the effects of growth factors on post-thyroidectomy scars is limited. OBJECTIVE: We performed a prospective study to assess the preventive and therapeutic effect of a multi-growth factor (MGF)-containing cream on post-thyroidectomy scars. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with thyroidectomy scars applied MGF cream twice a day. We assessed the changes in erythema, pigmentation, skin elasticity, and skin hydration status using the erythema index, melanin index, cutometer, and corneometer, respectively...
June 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566256/validating-the-performance-of-the-modified-early-obstetric-warning-system-multivariable-model-to-predict-maternal-intensive-care-unit-admission
#20
Helen M Ryan, Meghan A Jones, Beth A Payne, Sumedha Sharma, Anna M Hutfield, Tang Lee, U Vivian Ukah, Keith R Walley, Laura A Magee, Peter von Dadelszen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of the Modified Early Obstetric Warning System (MEOWS) to predict maternal ICU admission in an obstetric population. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Two maternity units in Vancouver, Canada, one with ICU facilities, between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2011. PATIENTS: Pregnant or recently delivered (≤6 weeks) women admitted to the hospital for >24 hours. Three control patients were randomly selected per case and matched for year of admission...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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