Read by QxMD icon Read


Masataka Yamao, Kazuhiro Aoki, Naoto Yukinawa, Shin Ishii, Michiyuki Matsuda, Honda Naoki
We developed two new FRET imaging measures for intramolecular FRET biosensors, called linearly proportional (LP) and highly contrasting (HC) measures, which can be easily calculated by the fluorescence intensities of donor and acceptor as a ratio between their weighted sums. As an alternative to the conventional ratiometric measure, which non-linearly depends on the fraction of active molecule, we first developed the LP measure, which is linearly proportional to the fraction of active molecules. The LP measure inherently unmixes bleed-through signals and is robust against fluorescence noise...
2016: PloS One
Nawel Haïli, Julien Louap, Michel Canonge, Franjo Jagic, Christelle Louis-Mondésir, Thierry Chardot, Pierre Briozzo
The membrane proteins acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferases (DGAT) are essential actors for triglycerides (TG) biosynthesis in eukaryotic organisms. Microbial production of TG is of interest for producing biofuel and value-added novel oils. In the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, Dga1p enzyme from the DGAT2 family plays a major role in TG biosynthesis. Producing recombinant DGAT enzymes pure and catalytically active is difficult, hampering their detailed functional characterization. In this report, we expressed in Escherichia coli and purified two soluble and active forms of Y...
2016: PloS One
Essam Hammam, Jalal Basahi, Iqbal Ismail, Ibrahim Hassan, Talal Almeelbi
The excited state hydrogen bonding dynamics of BBVN in hydrogen donating methanol solvent was explored at the TD-BMK/cc-pVDZ level of theory with accounting for the bulk environment effects at the polarizable continuum model (PCM). The heteroatoms of the BBVN laser dye form hydrogen bonds with four methanol molecules. In the formed BBVN-(MeOH)4 complex, the A-type hydrogen bond (N…HO), of an average strength of 25kJmol(-1), is twofold stronger than the B-type (O…HO) one. Upon photon absorption, the total HB binding energy increases from 78...
October 17, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Liyan Kong, Jiaming Zhu, Wen Wang, Lehe Jin, Yanjiao Fu, Bohui Duan, Liang Tan
As an integral glycoprotein on the surface of endothelial cells, thrombomodulin (TM) has very high affinity for thrombin. TM has been regarded to be a marker of endothelial damage since it can be released during endothelial cell injury. In this work, a highly sensitive fluorescence method for the quantitative detection of TM was developed. TM antibody (Ab) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were bound on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to construct BSA-AuNPs-Ab nanocomposites and they were characterized by transmission electron microscope and UV-vis spectrophotometry...
October 17, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Mohammad Shakir, Summaiya Hanif, Md Fazle Alam, Hina Younus
Novel bio-relevant monometallic Schiff base complexes of the type, [Cu(L(1))2] (1), [Zn(L(1))2]·2H2O (2), [Cu(L(2))2]·2H2O (3) and [Zn(L(2))2]·H2O (4) [L(1)(E)-3-(((3-chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)imino)methyl)naphthalen-2-ol and L(2)(E)-2-chloro-4-((1-(5-chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)ethylidene)amino)phenol] were synthesized and characterized. A comparative account of analytical, spectroscopic (FT-IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR, Mass, UV-vis and EPR), thermal (TGA/DTA), XRD and SEM studies revealed a correlation between the structure and function of these biologically active molecular entities...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Zaiddodine Pashandi, Maryam Molakarimi, Reza H Sajedi, Majid Taghdir, Hossein Naderi-Manesh
Mnemiopsin, an EF-hand Ca(2+) binding photoprotein isolated from luminous ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi, emits blue light from its chromophore, coelenterazine, which is non-covalently bond in its central hydrophobic core. Previous studies have revealed unique biochemical properties for ctenophore photoproteins such as inactivation by light, but only few have focused on photoinactivation process. To understand the nature of photoinactivation process we have investigated the impact of light alone and in the presence of Ca(2+) ion on the structure of this photoprotein...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Robert T Dauchy, Melissa A Wren-Dail, Aaron E Hoffman, John P Hanifin, Benjamin Warfield, George C Brainard, Steven M Hill, Victoria P Belancio, Erin M Dauchy, David E Blask
Regular cycles of exposure to light and dark control pineal melatonin production and temporally coordinate circadian rhythms of metabolism and physiology in mammals. Previously we demonstrated that the peak circadian amplitude of nocturnal blood melatonin levels of rats were more than 6-fold higher after exposure to cool white fluorescent (CWF) light through blue-tinted (compared with clear) rodent cages. Here, we evaluated the effects of light-phase exposure of rats to white light-emitting diodes (LED), which emit light rich in the blue-appearing portion of the visible spectrum (465-485 nm), compared with standard broadspectrum CWF light, on melatonin levels during the subsequent dark phase and on plasma measures of metabolism and physiology...
2016: Comparative Medicine
Enrico Condemi, Denis Prim, Rebecca Brönnimann, Jonathan Fusco, Simon Crelier, Olimpia Mamula Steiner, Jean-Manuel Segura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Chimia
Oliver R Oakley, Kee Jun Kim, Po-Ching Lin, Radwa Barakat, Joseph A Cacioppo, Zhong Li, Alex Whitaker, Kwang Chul Chung, Wenyan Mei, CheMyong Ko
17β-estradiol is a potent sex hormone synthesized primarily by gonads in females and males that regulates development and function of the reproductive system. Recent studies show that 17β-estradiol is locally synthesized in non-reproductive tissues and regulates a myriad of events, including local inflammatory responses. In this study, we report that mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches are novel sites of de novo synthesis of 17β-estradiol. These secondary lymphoid organs are located within or close to the gastrointestinal tract, contain leukocytes, and function at the forefront of immune surveillance...
October 25, 2016: Endocrinology
Ross S Firestone, Scott A Cameron, Peter C Tyler, Rodrigo Gay Ducati, Adam Z Spitz, Vern L Schramm
5'-Methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) and 5'-methylthioadenosine nucleosidase (MTAN) catalyze the phosphorolysis and hydrolysis of 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA), respectively. Both enzymes have low KM values for their substrates. Kinetic assays for these enzymes are challenging, as the ultraviolet absorbance spectra for reactant MTA and product adenine are similar. We report a new assay using 2-amino-5'-methylthioadenosine (2AMTA) as an alternative substrate for MTAP and MTAN enzymes. Hydrolysis or phosphorolysis of 2AMTA forms 2,6-diaminopurine, a fluorescent and easily quantitated product...
October 25, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Soji Shimizu
Subporphyrinato boron (subporphyrin) was elusive until the syntheses of tribenzosubporphine in 2006 and meso-aryl-substituted subporphyrin in 2007. These novel contracted analogues possess a 14π-electron conjugated system embedded in a bowl-shaped structure. They exhibit absorption and fluorescence in the UV/vis region and nonlinear optical properties due to their octupolar structures. The unique coordination geometry around the central boron atom in the structure of subporphyrin enabled investigation of rare boron species, such as borenium cations, boron hydrides, and boron peroxides...
October 25, 2016: Chemical Reviews
Trinh L Dinh, Kevin C Ngan, Charles B Shoemaker, David R Walt
This paper provides insights into the performance of single-molecule array (Simoa) immunoassay by examining the effects of various capture and detector antibody-antigen binding kinetic parameters. Simoa is similar to other immunoassays in that the overall Simoa performance is heavily dependent on the choice of antibodies; however, little is known about how the different properties of the antibodies result in the wide variations in assay performance. Here, we focus on antibody-antigen binding kinetics and demonstrate how the association (kon) and dissociation (koff) rate constants of the capture and detection antibodies affect Simoa performance...
October 25, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Zheng Zhang, Hannah A Ledford, Seojin Park, Wenying Wang, Sassan Rafizadeh, Hyo Jeong Kim, Wilson Xu, Ling Lu, Victor C Lau, Anne A Knowlton, Xiao-Dong Zhang, Ebenezer N Yamoah, Nipavan Chiamvimonvat
The normal function of ion channels depends critically on the precise subcellular localization and the number of channel proteins on the cell surface membrane. Small-conductance, Ca(2+) -activated K(+) channels (SK, KCa 2) are expressed in human atrial myocytes and responsible for shaping atrial action potentials. Understanding the mechanisms of SK channel trafficking may provide new insights into the regulation controlling the repolarization of atrial myocytes. We have previously demonstrated that the C and N termini of SK2 channels interact with actin-binding proteins, α-actinin2 and filamin A, respectively...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Physiology
C Manghani, A Gupta, V Tripathi, V Rani
Cardiomyopathy and associated heart failure continues to be one of the most severe complications that threaten a large population. Curcumin, one of the three curcuminoids of the spice turmeric, is very well known for a multitude of health benefits and functions. Norepinephrine (NE), a catecholamine and also a stress hormone may cause the cardiomyocytes to develop increased sensitivity to death with its increasing concentrations. In this study, we investigated the cardioprotective effect of curcumin in NE-induced cardiac apoptosis using several fluorescent and nonfluorescent microscopic techniques like DAPI, PI, Giemsa, PicroSirius and TUNEL...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Microscopy
Wojciech Marlicz, Katarzyna Sielatycka, Karol Serwin, Ewa Kubis, Marta Tkacz, Rafał Głuszko, Andrzej Białek, Teresa Starzyńska, Mariusz Z Ratajczak
Bone marrow (BM) residing stem cells are mobilized from their BM niches into peripheral blood (PB) in several pathological situations including tissue organ injury and systemic inflammation. We recently reported that the number of BM-derived stem cells (SCs) increases in patients with pancreatic and stomach cancer. Accordingly, we observed higher numbers of circulating very small embryonic/epiblast‑like stem cells (VSELs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that were associated with the activation of pro-mobilizing complement cascade and an elevated level of sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P) in PB plasma...
October 18, 2016: Oncology Reports
Xi Chen, Qi Li, Xiao-Xi Kan, Ya-Jie Wang, Yu-Jie Li, Qing Yang, Hong-Bin Xiao, Ying Chen, Xiao-Gang Weng, Wei-Yan Cai, Xiao-Xin Zhu
Metastasis of breast cancer is the vital step for malignant progression. During such a process, hematogenous metastasis is an indispensable approach for the dissemination of cancer cells. A platelet, contributes to hypercoagulable state, and is also identified the crucial factor in the coagulation system for supporting metastasis. Therefore, the relationship of a platelet and a tumor cell plays a critical role in tumor cell metastasis. Consequently, inhibiting tumor cell‑induced platelet aggregation (TCIPA) is recongnized as a crucial target on suppression of tumor metastasis such as aspirin (ASA)...
October 19, 2016: Oncology Reports
Changzheng Gao, Fen Wang, Zhiqiang Wang, Jing Zhang, Xiangjun Yang
The lactate signaling cascade has recently been linked to mitochondrial energy metabolism and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in several cardiovascular diseases. Asiatic acid (AA) exhibits a variety of pharmacological effects, including antioxidant and anti-apoptotic effects. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of AA against the lactate-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, as well as its mechanisms of action. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were pre-treated with 20 µM AA for 24 h, followed by exposure to 20 mM lactate for a further 24 h...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Hashim Ali Khan, Muhammad Aamir Shahzad
PURPOSE: To report a case of atypical serpiginous choroiditis with previously unreported findings on optical coherence tomographic angiography. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old otherwise healthy man had a 1-week history of vision loss in his right eye. The visual acuity in right eye was counting fingers at 1 meter. Fundoscopy showed a classic peripapillary serpiginous lesion and a solitary macular lesion. Fundus fluorescein angiography revealed early hypofluorescence of active lesions with gradual increase in fluorescence across the phase of angiogram...
October 25, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Zu-Feng Xiao, Ting-Hui Ding, Sheng-Wei Mao, Zaher Shah, Xiao-Shan Ning, Yan-Biao Kang
A heterogeneous iridium-complex-catalyzed N-O-cleaving rearrangement/cyclization of 2,3-dihydroisoxazoles with alkenes has been developed. It provides divergent access to multiple substituted pyrrolidines, pyrroles, and carbazoles. The iridium catalyst remains highly catalytic active after seven cycles. The gram-scale synthesis afforded a carbazole with strong bluish-violet fluorescence.
October 25, 2016: Organic Letters
Sudip Das, Tarak Karmakar, Sundaram Balasubramanian
Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase (TLL) is an industrially significant catalyst for the production of biodiesel due to its operability over a wide range of pH and temperature. Molecular dynamics simulations of TLL in aqueous solutions of a biocompatible ionic liquid (IL), cholinium glycinate (ChGly) have been carried out to investigate the microscopic reasons for the experimentally observed enhancement in the activity of TLL, upon addition of room temperature IL, especially at an optimal concentration. Eight different TLL systems in both its open and closed forms at various concentrations of the room temperature IL in water have been studied...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"