Read by QxMD icon Read

dr and the surrounding areas

Yanan Li, Yuling Wang, Zhi Zhang, Huixia Gao, Haibin Wang, Jinfeng Cao, Shumin Zhang, Yuzhen Liu, Jianhua Lu, Zungui Xu, Erhei Dai
Ethambutol (EMB) is an essential first-line drug for tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Nucleotide substitutions at embB codon 306 have been proposed as a potential marker for EMB resistance and a predictor for broad drug resistance in clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) isolates. However, discordant findings about the association between embB306 mutation and EMB resistance were reported. The Hebei province is located in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration region; however, little information about the genetic diversity of embB locus is available in this area...
September 26, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Rina Yoza, Tomoaki Murakami, Akihito Uji, Kiyoshi Suzuma, Shin Yoshitake, Yoko Dodo, Rima Ghashut, Masahiro Fujimoto, Yuko Miwa, Nagahisa Yoshimura
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize inner retinal spots with inverted reflectivity on en face images of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed seventy-five eyes of 75 patients with DR (15 eyes with individual grades of DR severity). We obtained three-dimensional images (6 × 6 mm) centered on the fovea, followed by the generation of en face images. We investigated the morphologic characteristics of spots with inverted reflectivity, which had lower reflectivity than the surrounding areas in the nerve fiber layer (NFL) and higher reflectivity in the ganglion cell layer (GCL)...
April 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Oludotun Adebayo Phillips, Monerah Al-Soraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Seyed Hossein Rasta, Shima Nikfarjam, Alireza Javadzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Retinal capillary nonperfusion (CNP) is one of the retinal vascular diseases in diabetic retinopathy (DR) patients. As there is no comprehensive detection technique to recognize CNP areas, we proposed a different method for computing detection of ischemic retina, non-perfused (NP) regions, in fundus fluorescein angiogram (FFA) images. METHODS: Whilst major vessels appear as ridges, non-perfused areas are usually observed as ponds that are surrounded by healthy capillaries in FFA images...
2015: BioImpacts: BI
E Tanis, J W Spliethoff, D J Evers, G C Langhout, P Snaebjornsson, W Prevoo, B H W Hendriks, T J M Ruers
BACKGROUND: The success of radiofrequency (RF) ablation is limited by the inability to assess thermal tissue damage achieved during or immediately after the procedure. The goal of this proof-of-principle study was to investigate whether diffuse reflectance (DR) spectroscopy during and after RF ablation of liver tumours could aid in detecting complete tissue ablation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DR spectra were acquired in vivo in eight patients undergoing RF ablation for unresectable colorectal liver metastases, using a disposable spectroscopy needle...
February 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Alfonso Rubio-Navarro, Juan Manuel Amaro Villalobos, Jes S Lindholt, Irene Buendía, Jesús Egido, Luis Miguel Blanco-Colio, Rafael Samaniego, Olivier Meilhac, Jean Baptiste Michel, José Luis Martín-Ventura, Juan Antonio Moreno
BACKGROUND: Increased hemoglobin (Hb) accumulation was reported in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). CD163 is a macrophage receptor involved in tissue Hb clearance, however its role in AAA has not been reported. We investigated the role of Hb on monocyte recruitment and differentiation towards CD163 expressing macrophages ex vivo, in vitro and in human AAA. METHODS AND RESULTS: CD163 mRNA and protein expression was significantly higher in human AAA (n=7) vs. healthy wall (n=6)...
December 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Ira Byock, Amy Lynn Sorrel
California palliative care specialist, author, and consultant Ira Byock, MD, calls the issues surrounding end-of-life care "a public health crisis." But he says many of the same solutions to improving the health care system overall - shared decisionmaking, advancements in medical education, better payment and delivery structures - apply equally to this area of medical care. Dr. Byock is the General Session keynote speaker at TexMed 2015 in May.
April 2015: Texas Medicine
Marco Dutra Medeiros, Edgar Mesquita, Ana Luísa Papoila, Victor Genro, João Filipe Raposo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In Portugal, so far, there is no study or even accurate data on the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR), based on a large representative sample and on a long-term follow-up. The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence of DR based on a national screening community-based programme. METHODS: A 5-year retrospective analysis of the RETINODIAB screening programme results was implemented in Lisbon and Tagus Valley area between July 2009 and October 2014...
October 2015: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Edward I Stout, Angie McKessor
PROBLEM: Infection is a major problem in the health and wellbeing of patients in hospitals, nursing homes, and other medical facilities as well as the homecare patients and the general public. According to Scientia Advisors, wound care costs the healthcare system over $7 billion in 2009. After adding the cost associated with potential complications such as infections, extended physician care, and lengthy hospital stays, the annual wound care expenditures well exceeded over $20 billion...
February 2012: Advances in Wound Care
Daniela Pitigoi, Ioana D Olaru, Daniela Badescu, Alexandru Rafila, Victoria Arama, Adriana Hristea
Although cases of Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) have been reported for decades in southeastern Romania, there are few published data. We retrospectively studied 339 patients, diagnosed with MSF at the National Institute of Infectious Diseases "Prof. Dr. Matei Bals" between 2000 and 2011, in order to raise awareness about MSF in certain regions of Romania. According to the Raoult diagnostic criteria 171 (50.4%) had a score >25 points. Mean age was 52.5 years. One hundred and fifty-five (90.6%) patients were from Bucharest and the surrounding region...
2013: BioMed Research International
Yuta Fujii, Risa Segawa, Masayuki Kimura, Liyun Wang, Yuji Ishii, Ryuichi Yamamoto, Reiko Morita, Kunitoshi Mitsumori, Makoto Shibutani
To investigate the protective effect of α-lipoic acid (a-LA) on the hepatocarcinogenic process promoted by thioacetamide (TAA), we used a two-stage liver carcinogenesis model in N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-initiated and TAA-promoted rats. We examined the modifying effect of co-administered a-LA on the liver tissue environment surrounding preneoplastic hepatocellular lesions, with particular focus on hepatic macrophages and the mechanism behind the decrease in apoptosis of cells surrounding preneoplastic hepatocellular lesions during the early stages of hepatocellular tumor promotion...
September 25, 2013: Chemico-biological Interactions
Kumiko Kito, Junko Ishihara, Mitsuru Kimira, Ribeka Takachi, Satoko Hosoi, Yuri Ishii, Motoki Iwasaki
OBJECTIVES: The Dietary Record by Cooked Dishes (DRcd) method, which enables simple assessment of food and nutrient intake, is unique because it uses a nutrient database of cooked dishes. Although this method has been validated among the rural Japanese populations for which the database was developed, the applicability of the DRcd for other populations is unclear. In this study, we have examined the applicability of DRcd among an urban population. METHODS: Subjects were selected from among patients who underwent cancer screening between 2004 and 2006 at the Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Japan...
September 2012: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
Yuefeng Lu, Kimberly L Simpson, Kristin J Weaver, Rick C S Lin
Locus coeruleus (LC) consists of a densely packed nuclear core and a surrounding plexus of dendritic zone, which is further divided into several subregions. Whereas many limbic-related structures topographically target specific subregions of the LC, the precise projections from two limbic areas, that is, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and dorsal raphe (DR), have not been investigated. The goal of the present study is to identify and compare the distribution patterns of mPFC and DR afferent terminals to the LC nuclear core as opposed to specific pericoerulear dendritic regions (Peri-LC)...
July 2012: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
C Latham
In 1972, with the aid of a Local Initiatives Program grant, a group from Simon Fraser University studied the community of Port Alice, B.C., and the surrounding area. They concluded that health care for the community would have to involve the citizens themselves, and would necessitate regionalization and integration of all services in order to be effective. This paper summarizes and abstracts from the group's final report those findings which are applicable to many rural communities. The support of the study group, particularly Dr...
June 1976: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
M H Ahmad Fadzil, Lila Iznita Izhar, Hanung Adi Nugroho
Monitoring FAZ area enlargement enables physicians to monitor progression of the DR. At present, it is difficult to discern the FAZ area and to measure its enlargement in an objective manner using digital fundus images. A semi-automated approach for determination of FAZ using color images has been developed. Here, a binary map of retinal blood vessels is computer generated from the digital fundus image to determine vessel ends and pathologies surrounding FAZ for area analysis. The proposed method is found to achieve accuracies from 66...
July 2010: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Daphne Stannard
As our readers are aware, these pages are typically used by the editors. However, in light of the recent events and concerns surrounding the swine flu, the editors have elected to quickly substitute an informative piece regarding influenza for the usual editorial. We thank Dr. Daphne Stannard for her willingness to disseminate her knowledge on the topic. The Editors.
June 2009: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Codrina Ancuţa, E Ancuţa, Cristina Iordache, M Ceauşu, Rodica Chirieac
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid myositis (RM) represents a poorly characterized entity, immune mechanism, assessment and management remaining still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate endothelial and inflammatory cells activation in RM muscle biopsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study on 23 consecutive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with muscle involvement as defined by clinical, biological and imagistic parameters. CD4, CD8, CD20, CD3, CD45RO and CD68 markers, HLA-DR, cytokines receptors (IL-2, TNFalpha, TGF alpha), pro-apoptotic (CD95) and adhesion molecules (CD54) were assessed by immunohistochemistry in deltoid muscle samples...
2009: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Maria Rita Bongiorno, Giuseppe Pistone, V de Giorgi, Mario Aricò
We present the case of a woman with diabetes insipidus with subsequent genital and multiorgan Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). A monolateral and slightly infiltrated erythematous plaque of the vulva was observed. Hematoxylin and eosin and immunophenotypic studies were performed. The primary antibodies used were monoclonal antibody to S100, CD1a, CD34, HLA-DR, PCNA, CD45Ro, CD40, and langerin. The histology of the infiltrates revealed a granulomatous reaction pattern, with extensive aggregates of histiocyte proliferation...
November 2008: Dermatologic Therapy
Fabio Facchetti, Paolo Incardona, Silvia Lonardi, Simona Fisogni, Laura Legrenzi, Caterina Chioda, Maurilio Ponzoni, Pier Luigi Chiodera
Inflammatory pseudotumor of lymph nodes (IPT-LN) represents an unusual cause of lymphadenitis of unknown etiology. Upon the observation of a case of IPT-LN associated with Treponema pallidum (Tp) infection, we analyzed a series of 9 IPT-LN and 9 extranodal IPT (spleen, 4 cases; lung, orbit, gut, skin, and liver) for the presence of Tp, using a polyclonal antibody anti-Tp. At the time of biopsy, none of the patients was suspected for luetic infection, nor specific serologic tests were available. IPT-LN areas extensively involved the nodal parenchyma in 4 cases, whereas they were focal in the remaining 5 cases...
March 2009: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
M Gulubova, I Manolova, G Cirovski, D Sivrev
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a key role in the generation of antitumor immune responses as the most potent professional antigen-presenting cells. In this study we examined the distribution of DCs subsets in selected areas of liver metastases and adjacent liver tissue of 74 patients with gastrointestinal cancers (14 gastric, 47 colon, and 13 rectal) using immunohistochemistry for the DCs markers S-100 protein, HLA-DR, CD1a, and CD83. S-100 protein-positive DCs were localized mainly in clusters in metastases and at the tumor border with the surrounding liver tissue, while HLA-DR-positive DCs were significantly more in number (P<0...
2008: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"