keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

child poverty

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430841/associations-of-early-and-later-childhood-poverty-with-child-cognitive-function-in-indonesia-effect-decomposition-in-the-presence-of-exposure-induced-mediator-outcome-confounding
#1
Amelia Maika, Murthy N Mittinty, Sally Brinkman, John Lynch
The amount of family financial resources available in early life influences child health and development. Using data from the 2000 and 2007 waves of the Indonesian Family Life Survey, we estimated the associations of early-life poverty (at age <7 years) and poverty in later childhood (at age 7-14 years) with cognitive function at age 7-14 years. Our analysis provided little support for the idea that an early intervention to support household income has a larger effect than intervention later in childhood; both seemed equally important...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#2
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426294/the-interface-among-poverty-air-mattress-industry-trends-policy-and-infant-safety
#3
Jennifer J Doering, Trina C Salm Ward
Infants can suffocate on air mattresses, even when the mattress is fully inflated. The interfacing issues of poverty, the bedbug epidemic, and changes in the design and marketing of air mattresses may be increasing consumer use of air mattresses as primary sleep environments and thus increasing the potential for infant death. Despite recent changes to improve air mattress safety labeling, the National Child Death Review Case Reporting System found that between 2004 and 2015 across 24 states, an air mattress was the incident sleep place for 108 infants whose deaths were either during sleep or in a sleep environment...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401838/poverty-early-care-and-stress-reactivity-in-adolescence-findings-from-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-in-south-africa
#4
R M Pasco Fearon, Mark Tomlinson, Robert Kumsta, Sarah Skeen, Lynne Murray, Peter J Cooper, Barak Morgan
A considerable body of evidence suggests that early caregiving may affect the short-term functioning and longer term development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. Despite this, most research to date has been cross-sectional in nature or restricted to relatively short-term longitudinal follow-ups. More important, there is a paucity of research on the role of caregiving in low- and middle-income countries, where the protective effects of high-quality care in buffering the child's developing stress regulation systems may be crucial...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401831/attachment-states-of-mind-among-internationally-adoptive-and-foster-parents
#5
K Lee Raby, Heather A Yarger, Teresa Lind, R Chris Fraley, Esther Leerkes, Mary Dozier
The first aim of the current study was to examine the latent structure of attachment states of mind as assessed by the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) among three groups of parents of children at risk for insecure attachments: parents who adopted internationally (N = 147), foster parents (N = 300), and parents living in poverty and involved with Child Protective Services (CPS; N = 284). Confirmatory factor analysis indicated the state of mind rating scales loaded on two factors reflecting adults' preoccupied and dismissing states of mind...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399356/understanding-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-environment-on-paediatric-anti-retroviral-treatment-coverage-towards-closing-treatment-gaps-in-sub-saharan-africa
#6
Daniel A Adeyinka, Meirion R Evans, Chamberline E Ozigbu, Hugo van Woerden, Esther F Adeyinka, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Chris Aimakhu, Deborah Odoh, Dick Chamla
OBJECTIVE: Many sub-Saharan African countries have massively scaled-up their antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes, but many national programmes still show large gaps in paediatric ART coverage making it challenging to reduce AIDS-related deaths among HIV-infected children. We sought to identify enablers of paediatric ART coverage in Africa by examining the relationship between paediatric ART coverage and socioeconomic parameters measured at the population level so as to accelerate reaching the 90-90-90 targets...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398851/breastfeeding-reduces-childhood-obesity-risks
#7
Liang Wang, Candice Collins, Melanie Ratliff, Bin Xie, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the effects of breastfeeding and its duration on the development of childhood obesity from 24 months through grade 6. METHODS: U.S. longitudinal data collected from 1234 children were analyzed using logistic regression models and generalized estimating equation (GEE). Child height and weight were measured six times at ages of 24 months, 36 months, 54 months, grade 1, grade 3, and grade 6. RESULTS: During the early 1990s, prevalence of breastfeeding was low in the United States, 60% and 48% at 1 and 6 months, respectively...
February 22, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393533/effect-of-a-parenting-intervention-on-foster-care-reentry-after-reunification-among-substance-affected-families-a-quasi-experimental-study
#8
Becci A Akin, Jody Brook, Margaret H Lloyd, Thomas P McDonald
Although parental substance abuse has been identified as a risk factor for poor foster care outcomes, current research on effective interventions is limited. A few studies have shown that parenting interventions improved parenting skills and family functioning and decreased time to reunification among children in foster care due to parental substance abuse. However, more research is needed to evaluate whether these interventions positively impact reentry rates. Using propensity score analyses to establish a matched comparison group, survival analyses evaluated the relationship between participation in a parenting intervention, the Strengthening Families Program (SFP), and reentry among a sample of 493 children previously reunified with their parents...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391501/unaccompanied-children-at-the-united-states-border-a-human-rights-crisis-that-can-be-addressed-with-policy-change
#9
REVIEW
Janna Ataiants, Chari Cohen, Amy Henderson Riley, Jamile Tellez Lieberman, Mary Clare Reidy, Mariana Chilton
In recent years, unaccompanied minors have been journeying to the United States (U.S.)-Mexico border in great numbers in order to escape violence, poverty and exploitation in their home countries. Yet, unaccompanied children attempting to cross the United States border face treatment at the hands of government representatives which violates their inherent rights as children. The result is a human rights crisis that has severe health consequences for the children. Their rights as children are clearly delineated in various, international human rights documents which merit increased understanding of and recognition by the U...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390226/household-social-capital-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-child-undernutrition-in-rural-india
#10
William T Story, Richard M Carpiano
Social capital has gained attention for poverty reduction efforts in low- and middle-income countries, but questions remain about people's unequal access to and benefits from social capital-especially for addressing child health inequalities. Analyzing 2005 India Human Development Survey data on 9008 rural-dwelling children and their families, we test hypotheses regarding how SES shapes household access to and child health benefits from three different forms of social capital located inside and outside the community...
March 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379434/a-review-of-the-evidence-linking-child-stunting-to-economic-outcomes
#11
Mark E McGovern, Aditi Krishna, Victor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Background: To understand the full impact of stunting in childhood it is important to consider the long-run effects of undernutrition on the outcomes of adults who were affected in early life. Focusing on the costs of stunting provides a means of evaluating the economic case for investing in childhood nutrition. Methods: We review the literature on the association between stunting and undernutrition in childhood and economic outcomes in adulthood. At the national level, we also evaluate the evidence linking stunting to economic growth...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378958/child-poverty-the-great-recession-and-the-social-safety-net-in-the-united-states
#12
Marianne Bitler, Hiliary Hoynes, Elira Kuku
In this paper, we comprehensively examine the effects of the Great Recession on child poverty, with particular attention to the role of the social safety net in mitigating the adverse effects of shocks to earnings and income. Using a state panel data model and data for 2000 to 2014, we estimate the relationship between the business cycle and child poverty, and we examine how and to what extent the safety net is providing protection to at-risk children. We find compelling evidence that the safety net provides protection; that is, the cyclicality of after-tax-and-transfer child poverty is significantly attenuated relative to the cyclicality of private income poverty...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378271/brief-report-examining-the-association-of-autism-and-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-the-national-survey-of-children-s-health-the-important-role-of-income-and-co-occurring-mental-health-conditions
#13
Connor Morrow Kerns, Craig J Newschaffer, Steven Berkowitz, Brian K Lee
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are risk factors for mental and physical illness and more likely to occur for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study aimed to clarify the contribution of poverty, intellectual disability and mental health conditions to this disparity. Data on child and family characteristics, mental health conditions and ACEs were analyzed in 67,067 youth from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. In an income-stratified sample, the association of ASD and ACEs was greater for lower income children and significantly diminished after controlling for child mental health conditions, but not intellectual disability...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374424/cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-showed-that-maternal-and-child-health-handbook-was-effective-for-child-cognitive-development-in-mongolia
#14
Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Takeo Nakayama, Eisuke Inoue, Narantuya Sumya, Rintaro Mori
Child development delays can cause lower school performance, which in turn can lead to long-term poverty, developmental delays in offspring and a vicious cycle of loss of human potential (1). Effective prevention strategies are vital. It is well known that effective early child development programmes should integrate health and education with family support, programme, but coverage is often low (1). Cost-effective, high-quality programmes should therefore be considered. The Japanese Maternal and Child Health (MCH) handbook has been shown to provide cost-effective, high-level coverage that assists child development (2)...
April 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367933/how-did-japanese-rural-dwellers-become-rapidly-healthier-in-the-two-decades-following-world-war-ii-examining-the-diverse-policy-interventions-that-improved-the-population-s-health
#15
Motoyuki Yuasa
Objective During the two decades following Japan's World War II surrender in 1945, tremendous improvement in the population's health was observed, particularly in infant mortality and life expectancy. How did Japanese rural dwellers achieve such remarkable health improvement during this relatively short time span while its economy remained heavily damaged following the war? While the efforts from government-driven public health strategies and programs are well known, relatively little is known about the contributions of policies in non-health sectors...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355042/contributing-factors-and-mental-health-outcomes-of-first-suicide-attempt-during-childhood-and-adolescence-results-from-a-nationally-representative-study
#16
Hugo Peyre, Nicolas Hoertel, Coline Stordeur, Gaële Lebeau, Carlos Blanco, Kibby McMahon, Romain Basmaci, Cédric Lemogne, Frédéric Limosin, Richard Delorme
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether risk factors for suicide attempts differ in children and adolescents and to categorize adulthood mental health outcomes of child and adolescent suicide attempters in the general population. METHODS: Using a large (N = 34,653), nationally representative US adult sample, the 2004-2005 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, we examined whether individuals who first attempted suicide during childhood (under the age of 13 years) differ from those who first attempted suicide during adolescence (13 through 17 years) in (1) contributing factors for first suicide attempt, including mental disorders and traumatic experiences that occurred before the first suicide attempt, parental history of mental disorders, and family poverty and (2) adulthood mental health outcomes, including lifetime and current prevalence of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders and quality of life measures...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341117/progress-and-challenges-in-maternal-health-in-western-china-a-countdown-to-2015-national-case-study
#17
Yanqiu Gao, Hong Zhou, Neha S Singh, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Stephen Nash, Min Yang, Sufang Guo, Hai Fang, Melisa Martinez Alvarez, Xiaoyun Liu, Jay Pan, Yan Wang, Carine Ronsmans
BACKGROUND: China is one of the few Countdown countries to have achieved Millennium Development Goal 5 (75% reduction in maternal mortality ratio between 1990 and 2015). We aimed to examine the health systems and contextual factors that might have contributed to the substantial decline in maternal mortality between 1997 and 2014. We chose to focus on western China because poverty, ethnic diversity, and geographical access represent particular challenges to ensuring universal access to maternal care in the region...
May 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324791/spatio-temporal-neighborhood-impacts-on-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-in-u-s-elementary-school-children-effect-modification-by-child-and-family-socio-demographics
#18
Jamie L Humphrey, Elisabeth D Root
Increasing evidence from experimental and non-experimental research has shown that children residing in disadvantaged neighborhoods exhibit greater levels of internalizing and externalizing behaviors, above and beyond individual characteristics, and family or school contexts. Using the ECLS-K, a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of U.S. school children, this study examined direct neighborhood effects on internalizing (N = 14,870; N = 10,610) and externalizing (N = 14,960; N = 10,730) behaviors at the beginning and end of elementary school...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321970/the-health-and-economic-well-being-of-us-mothers-with-intellectual-impairments
#19
Robyn M Powell, Susan L Parish, Ilhom Akobirshoev
BACKGROUND: While the United States has seen increased attention by policymakers on the rights of parents with disabilities, there is limited understanding of the health and economic well-being of parents with intellectual impairments. This study compares the health and economic well-being of mothers with and without intellectual impairments. METHODS: This descriptive, exploratory study is a secondary analysis of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. This study includes a subsample of mothers of three-year-old children (n = 1561), including mothers with intellectual impairments (n = 263) and without intellectual impairments (n = 1298)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319154/effectiveness-of-community-based-complementary-food-supplement-yingyangbao-distribution-in-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-areas-in-china
#20
Jie Wang, Suying Chang, Liyun Zhao, Wentao Yu, Jian Zhang, Qingqing Man, Li He, Yifan Duan, Hui Wang, Robert Scherpbier, Shi-An Yin
BACKGROUND: Poor growth and micronutrient deficiency mainly attack older infants and young children. Some countries have adopted clinically effective measures to combat malnutrition, but the compliance and improvement in efficacy of intervention vehicles in national programs require evaluation. METHODS: Baseline and follow-up cross-sectional surveys were conducted before and after a nutrition intervention program in 3 national poverty counties in China. Soybean-based complementary food supplements called Yingyangbao (YYB) in Chinese and training materials on child feeding were distributed to households with children aged 6-23 months for 18 months...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
114181
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"