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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139110/unconditional-cash-transfers-for-reducing-poverty-and-vulnerabilities-effect-on-use-of-health-services-and-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
REVIEW
Frank Pega, Sze Yan Liu, Stefan Walter, Roman Pabayo, Ruhi Saith, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs; provided without obligation) for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities (e.g. orphanhood, old age or HIV infection) are a type of social protection intervention that addresses a key social determinant of health (income) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The relative effectiveness of UCTs compared with conditional cash transfers (CCTs; provided so long as the recipient engages in prescribed behaviours such as using a health service or attending school) is unknown...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133576/spillover-effects-of-adult-medicaid-expansions-on-children-s-use-of-preventive-services
#2
Maya Venkataramani, Craig Evan Pollack, Eric T Roberts
BACKGROUND: Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act, Medicaid enrollment has increased by ∼17 million adults, including many low-income parents. One potentially important, but little studied, consequence of expanding health insurance for parents is its effect on children's receipt of preventive services. METHODS: By using state Medicaid eligibility thresholds linked to the 2001-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys, we assessed the relationship between changes in adult Medicaid eligibility and children's likelihood of receiving annual well-child visits (WCVs)...
November 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132365/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-under-five-mortality-in-rural-bangladesh-evidence-from-seven-national-surveys-spreading-over-20%C3%A2-years
#3
Asiful Haidar Chowdhury, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequality in health and mortality remains a disturbing reality across nations including Bangladesh. Inequality drew renewed attention globally. Bangladesh though made impressive progress in health, it makes an interesting case for learning. This paper examined the trends and changing pattern of socioeconomic inequalities in under-five mortality in rural Bangladesh. It also examined whether mother's education had any effect in reducing socioeconomic inequalities...
November 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132286/the-gendered-experiences-of-children-in-child-headed-households-in-swaziland
#4
Nozipho Mkhatshwa
This study investigated the gender dynamics of living in child-headed households (CHHs) in a rural area in Swaziland that experiences high levels of drought, poverty and HIV and AIDS. Using a qualitative research methodology, the study examined ways in which children in CHHs meet their daily family needs and address their vulnerabilities according to their gender, focusing on the experiences of the children. The study sample consisted of 10 households, with 5 boy and 5 girl-headed households from the chiefdoms within the area...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128953/is-the-association-of-adhd-with-socio-economic-disadvantage-explained-by-child-comorbid-externalizing-problems-or-parent-adhd
#5
Lindsay L Miller, Hanna C Gustafsson, Jessica Tipsord, Minkyoung Song, Elizabeth Nousen, Nathan Dieckmann, Joel T Nigg
It has been unclear whether an associations of child ADHD with socio-economic disadvantage (SES) could be accounted for by (a) parental ADHD explaining both low SES and child ADHD, and/or (b) the joint overlap of ODD or CD with low SES and ADHD. Study 1 used a community-recruited case-control sample with detailed evaluation of SES indicators, child ADHD, child externalizing, and parent ADHD symptoms (n = 931 children, 521 ADHD, 577 boys, 354 girls) in a path modeling analysis with latent variables. Study 2 evaluated ADHD and externalizing behavior in a regression model using a poverty index for SES, in 70,927 children (48...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126100/using-reports-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-young-children-to-identify-tuberculosis-transmission-in-new-york-city-2006-2012
#6
Jennifer Sanderson Slutsker, Lisa Trieu, Aldo Crossa, Shama Desai Ahuja
Young children with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) indicate recent TB transmission. We reviewed surveillance reports of children with LTBI to assess whether more follow-up is needed to prevent TB among this high-risk population. All children <5 years reported to the New York City Department of Health from 2006-2012 were abstracted from the TB Registry to identify those with LTBI. Potential source cases were identified; defined as any infectious TB case diagnosed in the 2 years before a child was reported and whose residence was within <0...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124048/breastfeeding-for-one-month-or-longer-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-osteoarthritis-in-older-adults-nhanes-1999-2012
#7
Clara Yongjoo Park
Breastfeeding is associated with many health benefits to the mother but the association between osteoarthritis (OA) is not known. Menopause, a state of rapid estrogen loss, is associated with OA. To test whether lactation, another physiological state of low estrogen status, is associated with OA, a nationally representative dataset National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2012 was analyzed. Information of OA diagnosis history and lactation for at least one month was self-reported by women 50 years and older that had given birth to at least one child...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121494/being-a-mother-of-preterm-multiples-in-the-context-of-socioeconomic-disadvantage-perceived-stress-and-psychological-symptoms
#8
Joana Baptista, Vanessa Moutinho, Vera Mateus, Hercília Guimarães, Fátima Clemente, Sara Almeida, Maria Agostinha Andrade, Clara Paz Dias, Alice Freitas, Carla Martins, Isabel Soares
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the differences between mothers of preterm multiples and mothers of preterm singletons regarding perceived stress and maternal psychological symptoms, and to explore the putative adverse amplified effect of socioeconomic disadvantage. METHOD: Ninety-five mothers of 1-year-olds born preterm participated in this cross-sectional study. Data collection was carried out in two public hospitals from Northern Portugal. To assess maternal perceived daily stress and psychological symptoms, mothers completed two questionnaires...
November 6, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117922/depression-anxiety-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-prevalence-and-treatment-interventions
#9
REVIEW
Swetha Yatham, Shalini Sivathasan, Rosalia Yoon, Tricia L da Silva, Arun V Ravindran
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries (LMICs) not only have the majority of the world's population but also the largest proportion of youth. Poverty, civil conflict and environmental stressors tend to be endemic in these countries and contribute to significant psychiatric morbidity, including depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, mental health data from LMICs is scarce, particularly data on youth. Evaluation of such information is crucial for planning services and reducing the burden of disability...
October 31, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110530/parenting-children-with-down-syndrome-societal-influences
#10
Lourdes Huiracocha, Carlos Almeida, Karina Huiracocha, Jorge Arteaga, Andrea Arteaga, Stuart Blume
Most studies of parenting children with Down syndrome (DS) have been conducted in industrialized countries. They suggest that sensitive communication on the part of professionals, and social support, can lead to acceptance and positive adjustments in the family. This study examined the impact of a diagnosis of DS on Ecuadorian families, in particular at how the diagnosis had been communicated and received, as well as the feelings and experiences which followed. Despite considerable progress in recent years, Ecuador is still marked by discriminatory attitudes which affect children with disabilities and their families, and by the persistence of widespread poverty...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096162/violence-against-children-in-afghanistan-concerns-and-opportunities-for-positive-change
#11
Patrick O'Leary, Cate M Cameron, Ali Lakhani, Jodie M Osborne, Luana de Souza, Kristen Hope, Mohammad S Naimi, Hassan Khan, Qazi S Jawad, Sabir Majidi
Violence against children (VAC) in Afghanistan is a serious issue in the context of many decades of conflict and poverty. To date, limited studies have explored the extent of VAC in Afghanistan and the settings where VAC takes place. To understand (i) the extent of VAC, (ii) settings where VAC takes place, (iii) parental forms of VAC and (iv) regional differences, an interview administered cross-sectional survey was employed among a community sample of 145 children and 104 parents living within Kabul, Torkham, and Jalalabad...
October 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095807/vaccination-coverage-among-children-aged-19-35-months-united-states-2016
#12
Holly A Hill, Laurie D Elam-Evans, David Yankey, James A Singleton, Yoonjae Kang
Vaccination is the most effective intervention to reduce morbidity and mortality from vaccine-preventable diseases in young children (1). Data from the 2016 National Immunization Survey-Child (NIS-Child) were used to assess coverage with recommended vaccines (2) among children aged 19-35 months in the United States. Coverage remained ≥90% for ≥3 doses of poliovirus vaccine (91.9%), ≥1 dose of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) (91.1%), ≥1 dose of varicella vaccine (90.6%), and ≥3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) (90...
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094630/the-role-of-public-health-nutrition-in-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#13
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Wah Yun Low, Alfred Zerfas
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDCs) in 2015, which included several goals and targets primarily related to nutrition: to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. In the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) member countries as a group, infant and child mortality were reduced by more than 65% between 1990 and 2015, achieving the MDG target of two-thirds reduction, although these goals were not achieved by several smaller countries...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082305/explaining-racial-and-ethnic-inequalities-in-postpartum-allostatic-load-results-from-a-multisite-study-of-low-to-middle-income-woment
#14
Patricia O'Campo, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Christine M Guardino, Maxine Reed Vance, Calvin J Hobel, Sharon Landesman Ramey, Madeleine U Shalowitz
BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic inequalities in women's health are widely documented, but not for the postpartum period, and few studies examine whether neighborhood, psychosocial, and biological factors explain these gaps in women's health. METHODS: Using prospective longitudinal data collected from 1766 low to middle income women between 2008 and 2012 by the Community Child Health Network (CCHN), we tested the extent to which adjustment for neighborhood, economic, psychological, and medical conditions following a birth explained differences between African American, Latina, and White women in an indicator of physiological dysregulation allostatic load (AL), at one year postpartum as measured by 10 biomarkers: Body Mass Index, Waist Hip Ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, Hemoglobin A1c, high-density lipoprotein and cholesterol ratio, and diurnal cortisol...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080927/time-lag-between-diagnosis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-onset-of-publicly-funded-early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-do-race-ethnicity-and-neighborhood-matter
#15
Marissa E Yingling, Robert M Hock, Bethany A Bell
Health coverage of early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is rapidly expanding across the United States. Yet we know little about the time-lag between diagnosis and treatment onset. We integrated administrative, Medicaid claims, and Census data for children in an EIBI Medicaid waiver (n = 473) to examine the relationship between time-lag and (a) child race-ethnicity and (b) neighborhood racial composition, poverty, affluence, and urbanicity. We explored whether the relationship between child race-ethnicity and time-lag varies by neighborhood characteristics...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077754/awareness-and-utilization-of-community-clinic-services-among-women-in-rural-areas-in-bangladesh-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah
BACKGROUND: In recent years, Bangladesh government has accomplished the ambitious project of establishing hospitals 18,000 Community Health Clinics in sub-districts across the country. Operating under the affiliation of the government hospitals, these community health clinics aim to provide free healthcare services and to increase health-awareness among the extreme poor communities in the rural areas. However, a great proportion of the people are still not well aware of the services offered by the community health clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073129/receipt-of-selected-preventive-health-services-for-women-and-men-of-reproductive-age-united-states-2011-2013
#17
Karen Pazol, Cheryl L Robbins, Lindsey I Black, Katherine A Ahrens, Kimberly Daniels, Anjani Chandra, Anjel Vahratian, Lorrie E Gavin
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Receipt of key preventive health services among women and men of reproductive age (i.e., 15-44 years) can help them achieve their desired number and spacing of healthy children and improve their overall health. The 2014 publication Providing Quality Family Planning Services: Recommendations of CDC and the U.S. Office of Population Affairs (QFP) establishes standards for providing a core set of preventive services to promote these goals. These services include contraceptive care for persons seeking to prevent or delay pregnancy, pregnancy testing and counseling, basic infertility services for those seeking to achieve pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, and other preconception care and related preventive health services...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060555/learning-about-individuals-health-from-aggregate-data
#18
Rich Colbaugh, Kristin Glass
There is growing awareness that user-generated social media content contains valuable health-related information and is more convenient to collect than typical health data. For example, Twitter has been employed to predict aggregate-level outcomes, such as regional rates of diabetes and child poverty, and to identify individual cases of depression and food poisoning. Models which make aggregate-level inferences can be induced from aggregate data, and consequently are straightforward to build. In contrast, learning models that produce individual-level (IL) predictions, which are more informative, usually requires a large number of difficult-to-acquire labeled IL examples...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057152/modeling-dr-dynasaur-2-0-coverage-and-finance-proposals-effects-of-the-expansion-of-vermont-s-dr-dynasaur-program-to-all-individuals-through-age-25
#19
Andrew W Dick, Carter C Price, Dulani Woods, Deborah Anne Freund, Martin McNamara, Steven P Schramm, Elrycc Berkman, Tom Dehner
The authors assessed an expansion of Vermont's Dr. Dynasaur program that would cover all residents age 25 and younger. The current Dr. Dynasaur program combines Vermont's Medicaid program and Child Health Insurance Program for children ages 0 through 18 to provide a seamless insurance program for those with family incomes below 317 percent of the federal poverty level. The authors used RAND's COMPARE-VT microsimulation model with Vermont-specific demographic, economic, and actuarial data to estimate the effects on health insurance coverage, costs, and premiums...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056620/promoting-resilience-by-improving-children-s-sleep-feasibility-among-families-living-in-supportive-housing
#20
Madelyn H Labella, Amanda Kalstabbakken, Joy Johnson, Janelle Leppa, Nedra Robinson, Ann S Masten, Andrew J Barnes
BACKGROUND: Poverty has been linked to sleep disruption, which is in turn associated with health and behavior problems. Sleep disturbance may be a key mechanism by which poverty affects child development. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, appeal, and promise of a brief sleep-promoting intervention for low-income families with 4- to 8-year-old children in site-based supportive housing. METHODS: University researchers and community partners developed a sleep-promoting intervention (family workshop and bedtime relaxation routine) that was implemented at one supportive housing site...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
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