keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

child poverty

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901629/developing-and-testing-of-an-economic-index-tool-for-abused-women-with-children
#1
John Maddoux, Heidi Gilroy, Judith McFarlane, Fuqin Liu
: Violence and poverty combine to severely compromise the safety, health, and functioning of women with major pass-through effects to their children. To reduce poverty and mitigate violence, measures are needed to assess economic status before and after intervention programs. The purpose of the study was to develop a new tool to assess women's various sources of income, to measure the degree to which the components of the tool are independent, and assess the usefulness of the tool to assess the connection of economic status and mental health functioning among abused women...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886518/maltreatment-family-environment-and-social-risk-factors-determinants-of-the-child-welfare-to-juvenile-justice-transition-among-maltreated-children-and-adolescents
#2
Sarah Vidal, Dana Prince, Christian M Connell, Colleen M Caron, Joy S Kaufman, Jacob K Tebes
This study prospectively examines the transition from the child welfare system into the juvenile justice system among 10,850 maltreated children and adolescents and explores how patterns of risks, including severity and chronicity of maltreatment, adverse family environment, and social risk factors, affect service systems transition. Almost three percent of maltreated children and adolescents had their first juvenile justice adjudication within an average of approximately six years of their initial child protective services investigation (CPS)...
November 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876090/the-impact-of-household-wealth-on-child-survival-in-ghana
#3
Stella T Lartey, Rasheda Khanam, Shingo Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Improving child health is one of the major policy agendas for most of the governments, especially in the developing countries. These governments have been implementing various strategies such as improving healthcare financing, improving access to health, increasing educational level, and income level of the household to improve child health. Despite all these efforts, under-five and infant mortality rates remain high in many developing nations. Some previous studies examined how economic development or household's economic condition contributes to child survival in developing countries...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873222/young-children-s-developmental-ecologies-and-kindergarten-readiness
#4
Stefanie Mollborn
Children enter the crucial transition to school with sociodemographic disparities firmly established. Domain-specific research (e.g., on poverty and family structure) has shed light on these disparities, but we need broader operationalizations of children's environments to explain them. Building on existing theory, this study articulates the concept of developmental ecology-those interrelated features of a child's proximal environment that shape development and health. Developmental ecology links structural and demographic factors with interactional, psychological, and genetic factors...
December 2016: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867447/the-roles-of-school-readiness-and-poverty-related-risk-for-6-th-grade-outcomes
#5
Emily Pressler, C Cybele Raver, Allison H Friedman-Krauss, Amanda Roy
Low-income students are at increased risk for grade retention and suspension, which dampens their chances of high school graduation, college attendance, and future success. Drawing from a sample of 357 children and their families who participated in the Chicago School Readiness Project, we examine whether greater exposure to cumulative poverty-related risk from preschool through 5(th) grade is associated with greater risk of student retention and suspension in 6(th) grade. Logistic regression results indicate that exposure to higher levels of cumulative risk across the elementary school years is associated with students' increased risk of retention in 6(th) grade, even after controlling for child school readiness skills and other covariates...
2016: Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866501/promoting-children-s-learning-and-development-in-conflict-affected-countries-testing-change-process-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#6
J Lawrence Aber, Carly Tubbs, Catalina Torrente, Peter F Halpin, Brian Johnston, Leighann Starkey, Anjuli Shivshanker, Jeannie Annan, Edward Seidman, Sharon Wolf
Improving children's learning and development in conflict-affected countries is critically important for breaking the intergenerational transmission of violence and poverty. Yet there is currently a stunning lack of rigorous evidence as to whether and how programs to improve learning and development in conflict-affected countries actually work to bolster children's academic learning and socioemotional development. This study tests a theory of change derived from the fields of developmental psychopathology and social ecology about how a school-based universal socioemotional learning program, the International Rescue Committee's Learning to Read in a Healing Classroom (LRHC), impacts children's learning and development...
November 21, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864517/an-extensive-burden-of-giardiasis-associated-with-intestinal-schistosomiasis-and-anaemia-in-school-children-on-the-shoreline-of-lake-albert-uganda
#7
Hajri Al-Shehri, Michelle C Stanton, James E LaCourse, Aaron Atuhaire, Moses Arinaitwe, Aida Wamboko, Moses Adriko, Narcis B Kabatereine, J Russell Stothard
BACKGROUND: Water-borne parasitic diseases associated with poverty still blight the lives of African school children. In Uganda, intestinal schistosomiasis is still common along the shoreline of Lake Albert, despite ongoing control, and co-infection with giardiasis and malaria is poorly described. To shed light on putative interactions between diseases, a prospective cross-sectional parasitological survey was undertaken in five primary schools. METHODS: Stool samples from 254 school children, aged 5-10 years, were examined by microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), with additional real-time PCR assays for detection of Giardia DNA...
November 17, 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862534/father-absence-but-not-fosterage-predicts-food-insecurity-relative-poverty-and-poor-child-health-in-northern-tanzania
#8
David W Lawson, Susan B Schaffnit, Anushé Hassan, Esther Ngadaya, Bernard Ngowi, Sayoki G M Mfinanga, Susan James, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder
OBJECTIVES: The importance of fathers in ensuring child health in rural developing populations is questioned by anthropologists and population health scientists. Existing literature focuses on paternal death and child mortality. A relative lack of studies consider alternative forms of father absence and/or more subtle health outcomes. Here we determine the frequency and form of father absence in northern Tanzania, and its relationship to household food security, wealth, and child anthropometric status...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861748/infants-social-experiences-in-three-african-sociocultural-contexts
#9
Hiltrud W R Otto, Nicole Schuitmaker, Bettina Lamm, Monika Abels, Yan Serdtse, Relindis Yovsi, Mark Tomlinson
This study introduces a peri-urban context of poverty to the study of child development in Africa in contrast to the more typical assessments in middle-class and rural contexts. Spot observations were used to assess universal caregiving behaviors toward seventy-six 3-month-old infants. Results show that middle-class infants experienced distal parenting behaviors instantiated by mothers, whereas rural children experienced proximal parenting practices in interactions with others. Infants growing up in poverty had mothers and other caretakers involved at mostly low levels...
November 10, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858282/improving-mental-health-outcomes-of-burmese-migrant-and-displaced-children-in-thailand-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-parenting-and-family-skills-intervention
#10
Jeannie Annan, Amanda Sim, Eve S Puffer, Carmel Salhi, Theresa S Betancourt
: The negative effects of displacement and poverty on child mental health are well-known, yet research on prevention interventions in low- and middle-income countries, especially fragile states, remains limited. We examined the effectiveness of a parenting skills intervention on mental health outcomes among Burmese migrant and displaced children living in 20 communities in Thailand. Participants were primary caregivers and children aged 7 to 15 years (n = 479 families). Families were randomly assigned to receive an adapted version of the Strengthening Families Program (n = 240) or a wait-list control condition (n = 239)...
November 17, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843827/anemia-and-its-determinants-among-women-of-reproductive-age-of-a-slum-in-kolkata-a-focus-group-discussion-among-health-workers-in-a-slum-of-kolkata
#11
Aparajita Dasgupta, Kaushik Sarkar, Ranadip Chowdhury, Arindam Ray, Bhaskar Shahbabu
CONTEXT: Anemia is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality among women of reproductive age. Progress toward reducing the burden of anemia has been little despite efforts through decades. AIMS: We conducted this study to unearth the microlevel determinants of anemia among women of reproductive age. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted in Urban Health Centre (UHC), Chetla. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A focus group discussion was held among all the eight health staffs, who were involved in reproductive and child health-related service delivery under UHC, Chetla...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843745/bibliometric-analysis-of-medicine-related-publications-on-poverty-2005-2015
#12
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Adham S AbuTaha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Poverty is a global problem. The war against poverty requires not only financial support, but also poverty-related research to pinpoint areas of high need of intervention. In line with international efforts to fight poverty and negative consequences, we carried out this study to give a bibliometric overview of medicine-related literature on poverty. Such a s study is an indicator of the extent of interaction of various international key players on the war against poverty-related health problems...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842738/-prevalence-of-positive-screen-for-postpartum-depression-in-a-tertiary-hospital-and-associated-factors
#13
Roberth Alirio Ortiz Martinez, Cristal Ximena Gallego Betancourt, Ednna Lizeth Buitron Zuñiga, Yohana Daisury Meneses Valdés, Nestor Felipe Muñoz Fernandez, Maria Alejandra Gonzales Barrera
: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major health problem. With a three times higher prevalence in developing countries, it is of multiple origin and affects maternal well-being, such as health and behaviour, as well as the development of the child. The influence of biological, psychological, and social factors and their implications have been recognised in the origins of PPD, with different prevalence reported depending on the characteristics of the study population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of PPD in the University Hospital in San José de Popayan (HUSJ) and examine the factors associated with its development...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829445/improving-early-childhood-care-and-development-hiv-testing-treatment-and-support-and-nutrition-in-mokhotlong-lesotho-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Marguerite Marlow, Lucie Cluver, Peter Cooper, Lynne Murray, Shoeshoe Mofokeng, Nathene Morley, Moroesi Makhetha, Sarah Gordon, Tonya Esterhuizen, Lorraine Sherr
BACKGROUND: Since 1990, the lives of 48 million children under the age of 5 years have been saved because of increased investments in reducing child mortality. However, despite these unprecedented gains, 250 million children younger than 5 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) cannot meet their developmental potential due to poverty, poor health and nutrition, and lack of necessary stimulation and care. Lesotho has high levels of poverty, HIV, and malnutrition, all of which affect child development outcomes...
November 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821303/child-access-to-the-nutritional-safety-net-during-and-after-the-great-recession-the-case-of-wic
#15
Margot I Jackson, Patrick Mayne
Because children disproportionately live in poverty, they are especially vulnerable during economic crises, making the social safety net a key buffer against the effects of economic disadvantage on their development. The Great Recession of 2007-2009 had strong and lasting effects on American children and families, including striking negative effects on their health environments. Understanding access to the health safety net during this time of increased economic need, as well as the extent to which all children-regardless of age, income or race/ethnicity-share in the increased use of transfer programs, is therefore important in identifying the availability and accessibility of government assistance for those in need...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804155/birth-interval-and-stunting-in-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-peru-1996-2014
#16
M Sobrino, C Gutiérrez, J Alarcón, M Dávila, A J Cunha
BACKGROUND: Examine the evolution of stunting in <5 years of age in Peru and its relationship with birth interval (BI), and associated factors from 1996 to 2014. METHODS: Data were extracted from the National Demographic and Health Survey of Peru (DHS) for the years 1996, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014 on children <5 years of age for stunting (height / age ≤ 2DS). The main independent variable of interest was BI dichotomized by interval between date of last and penultimate birth (≤24 months vs...
November 1, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793729/pathways-from-family-disadvantage-via-abusive-parenting-and-caregiver-mental-health-to-adolescent-health-risks-in-south-africa
#17
Franziska Meinck, Lucie Dale Cluver, Frederick Mark Orkin, Caroline Kuo, Amogh Dhar Sharma, Imca Sifra Hensels, Lorraine Sherr
PURPOSE: Adolescent health is a major concern in low- and middle-income countries, but little is known about its predictors. Family disadvantage and abusive parenting may be important factors associated with adolescent psychological, behavioral, and physical health outcomes. This study, based in South Africa, aimed to develop an empirically based theoretical model of relationships between family factors such as deprivation, illness, parenting, and adolescent health outcomes. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected in 2009-2010 from 2,477 adolescents (aged 10-17) and their caregivers using stratified random sampling in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792428/long-term-effects-on-adult-attachment-in-german-occupation-children-born-after-world-war-ii-in-comparison-with-a-birth-cohort-matched-representative-sample-of-the-german-general-population
#18
Marie Kaiser, Philipp Kuwert, Elmar Braehler, Heide Glaesmer
BACKGROUND: Children born of war are a phenomenon of every conflict. At the end of World War II and thereafter, approximately 400,000 children were fathered by foreign soldiers and born to local women in Germany. Quantitative research on psychosocial consequences of growing up as German occupation child (GOC) has been missing so far. METHODS: This study examines adult attachment and its association with current depression in GOC (N = 146) using self-report instruments: Adult Attachment Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire...
October 28, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784029/the-impact-of-internal-migration-on-under-five-mortality-in-27-sub-saharan-african-countries
#19
Abukari I Issaka, Kingsley E Agho, Andre M N Renzaho
OBJECTIVE: The literature on the impact of internal migration on under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa has been limited. This study examined the impact of internal migration on under-five mortality rate in 27 sub-Saharan African countries. DESIGN: The analysis used cross-sectional data from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys of 27 sub-Saharan African countries. Information on the number of live births and the number of under-five deaths in the five years preceding the surveys in these countries was examined...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756276/prevalence-and-assessment-of-malnutrition-among-children-attending-the-reproductive-and-child-health-clinic-at-bagamoyo-district-hospital-tanzania
#20
Omar Ali Juma, Zachary Obinna Enumah, Hannah Wheatley, Mohamed Yunus Rafiq, Seif Shekalaghe, Ali Ali, Shishira Mgonia, Salim Abdulla
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition has long been associated with poverty, poor diet and inadequate access to health care, and it remains a key global health issue that both stems from and contributes to ill-health, with 50 % of childhood deaths due to underlying undernutrition. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among children under-five seen at Bagamoyo District Hospital (BDH) and three rural health facilities ranging between 25 and 55 km from Bagamoyo: Kiwangwa, Fukayosi, and Yombo...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
114181
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"