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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230400/the-interplay-of-maternal-sensitivity-and-toddler-engagement-of-mother-in-predicting-self-regulation
#1
Jean M Ispa, Chang Su-Russell, Francisco Palermo, Gustavo Carlo
Using data from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, a cross-lag mediation model was tested to examine longitudinal relations among low-income mothers' sensitivity; toddlers' engagement of their mothers; and toddler's self-regulation at ages 1, 2, and 3 years (N = 2,958). Age 1 maternal sensitivity predicted self-regulation at ages 2 and 3 years, and age 2 engagement of mother mediated the relation between age 1 maternal sensitivity and age 3 self-regulation. Lagged relations from toddler self-regulation at ages 1 and 2 years to later maternal sensitivity were not significant, suggesting stronger influence from mother to toddler than vice versa...
March 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230249/early-home-activities-and-oral-language-skills-in-middle-childhood-a-quantile-analysis
#2
James Law, Robert Rush, Tom King, Elizabeth Westrupp, Sheena Reilly
Oral language development is a key outcome of elementary school, and it is important to identify factors that predict it most effectively. Commonly researchers use ordinary least squares regression with conclusions restricted to average performance conditional on relevant covariates. Quantile regression offers a more sophisticated alternative. Using data of 17,687 children from the United Kingdom's Millennium Cohort Study, we compared ordinary least squares and quantile models with language development (verbal similarities) at 11 years as the outcome...
February 23, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225843/-poverty-and-mental-disability-in-the-criminal-law-the-invisibles
#3
Ezequiel N Mercurio
In recent decades neuroscience research show the negative consequences of poverty in cognitive development. Environmental factors, such as material deprivation, exposure to stressful situations, violence, nutritional deprivation, environmental toxins may shape the developing brain. The changes of the structure and function of the brain since prenatal stages and their consequences can remain stable throughout the life cycle except early interventions are made. Research investigating have found significant link between child poverty and function and structural brain focusing on prefrontal cortex (i...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217882/the-association-between-unintended-births-and-poor-child-development-in-india-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Abhishek Singh, Ashish Kumar Upadhyay, Ashish Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar
Evidence on the association between unintended births and poor child development in developing countries is limited. We used data from three waves of the Young Lives study on childhood poverty conducted in Andhra Pradesh in 2002, 2006-07, and 2009 to examine the association between unintended births and poor child development in India. Multivariable linear regression models were used to examine the association between unintended births and four indicators of child development-height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) score, Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT) score, and Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) test score...
February 20, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212195/suicide-in-guyana-nurses-perspectives
#5
Maureen Anthony, Carla Groh, Jean Gash
Guyana, an English-speaking country on the north coast of South America, has the highest suicide rate in the world. Nurses are an integral part of the healthcare team working with patients experiencing psychological distress and are uniquely qualified to add to the discourse on factors contributing to the high suicide rate in Guyana. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes and experiences of nurses and nurse assistants in Guyana related to suicide. Nine registered nurses and nurse assistants who worked at a private hospital in Georgetown, Guyana, were recruited to participate in a focus group...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208690/examining-the-relationship-between-economic-hardship-and-child-maltreatment-using-data-from-the-ontario-incidence-study-of-reported-child-abuse-and-neglect-2013-ois-2013
#6
Rachael Lefebvre, Barbara Fallon, Melissa Van Wert, Joanne Filippelli
There is strong evidence that poverty and economic disadvantage are associated with child maltreatment; however, research in this area is underdeveloped in Canada. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between economic hardship and maltreatment for families and children identified to the Ontario child protection system for a maltreatment concern. Secondary analyses of the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS-2013) were conducted. The OIS-2013 examines the incidence of reported maltreatment and the characteristics of children and families investigated by child welfare authorities in Ontario in 2013...
February 8, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198209/a-report-of-sexual-abuse-in-an-afghan-refugee-boy-in-iran
#7
Naimeh Farhidnia, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Azadeh Memarian
All children have the right to complete and integrated physical and psychological protection against abuse. The most important reason and risk factors for child abuse are social causes including poor familial support, poverty, mood disorders in the family, and addiction. Here, we report a case of child abuse of an Afghan child in Iran with a background of mood disturbances who presented with multiple trauma and injury. A nine-year-old Afghan boy was described with multiple injuries on neck, upper and lower extremities, and trunk...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188241/examination-of-the-influence-of-social-capital-on-depression-in-fragile-families
#8
Neil A Wilmot, Kim Nichols Dauner
BACKGROUND: While it appears that social capital has a positive effect on mental health, most studies have been cross-sectional in nature and/or employ weak measures of social capital or mental health. Even less attention has been paid to vulnerable populations, such as low-income women with children. Thus, our objective was to explore how different dimensions of social capital impact depression in this population. METHODS: We used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, which has followed a cohort of children born in large US cities to mostly minority, unmarried parents for over 9 years...
March 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182449/the-family-environment-in-early-childhood-has-a-long-term-effect-on-self-esteem-a-longitudinal-study-from-birth-to-age-27-years
#9
Ulrich Orth
A better understanding is needed of the factors that shape the development of individual differences in self-esteem. Using a prospective longitudinal design, this research tested whether the family environment in early childhood predicts self-esteem in later developmental periods. Data came from a nationally representative U.S. sample of 8,711 participants, who reported on their self-esteem biannually from age 8 to 27 years. Moreover, during the participants' first 6 years of life, biannual assessments of their mothers provided information on the quality of the home environment (covering quality of parenting, cognitive stimulation, and physical home environment), quality of parental relationship, presence of father, maternal depression, and poverty status of the family...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157567/early-adolescence-behavior-problems-and-timing-of-poverty-during-childhood-a-comparison-of-lifecourse-models
#10
Julia Rachel S E Mazza, Jean Lambert, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin, Sylvana M Côté
CONTEXT: Poverty is a well-established risk factor for the development of behavior problems, yet little is known about how timing of exposure to childhood poverty relates to behavior problems in early adolescence. OBJECTIVE: To examine the differential effects of the timing of poverty between birth and late childhood on behavior problems in early adolescence by modeling lifecourse models, corresponding to sensitive periods, accumulation of risk and social mobility models...
January 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142012/change-in-household-income-and-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-during-childhood-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Young Choi, Jaeyong Shin, Kyoung Hee Cho, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is reported to be more prevalent among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups in various countries. The effect of poverty on child development appears to depend on how long poverty lasts. The timing of poverty also seems to be important for childhood outcomes. Lifetime socioeconomic status may shape current health. Thus, we investigated the effects of household income changes from birth to 4 years on the occurrence of ADHD...
February 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138978/targeting-parenting-in-early-childhood-a-public-health-approach-to-improve-outcomes-for-children-living-in-poverty
#12
Amanda Sheffield Morris, Lara R Robinson, Jennifer Hays-Grudo, Angelika H Claussen, Sophie A Hartwig, Amy E Treat
In this article, the authors posit that programs promoting nurturing parent-child relationships influence outcomes of parents and young children living in poverty through two primary mechanisms: (a) strengthening parents' social support and (b) increasing positive parent-child interactions. The authors discuss evidence for these mechanisms as catalysts for change and provide examples from selected parenting programs that support the influence of nurturing relationships on child and parenting outcomes. The article focuses on prevention programs targeted at children and families living in poverty and closes with a discussion of the potential for widespread implementation and scalability for public health impact...
January 31, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130392/are-the-poverty-histories-of-neighbourhoods-associated-with-psychosocial-well-being-among-a-representative-sample-of-california-mothers-an-observational-study
#13
Katrina M Walsemann, Stephanie Child, Katherine Heck, Claire Margerison-Zilko, Paula Braveman, Kristen Marchi, Catherine Cubbin
BACKGROUND: We examine the association between the poverty histories of neighbourhoods and three indicators of psychosocial well-being-depressive symptoms, sense of control and number of stressors-in an observational study of mothers of young children in California. We also consider if length of residence in a neighbourhood moderates the association between neighbourhood poverty history and psychosocial well-being. METHODS: Data come from the Geographic Research on Well-being (GROW) Study, a subsample of mothers who completed the population-based California Maternal and Infant Health Assessment in 2003-2007 and were reinterviewed in 2012-2013...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129751/practising-proportionate-universalism-a-study-protocol-of-an-extended-postnatal-home-visiting-programme-in-a-disadvantaged-area-in-stockholm-sweden
#14
Bo Burström, Anneli Marttila, Asli Kulane, Lene Lindberg, Kristina Burström
BACKGROUND: In spite of a well-developed welfare system in Sweden, there are important health divides between residential areas in Stockholm county, with shorter life expectancy in disadvantaged areas. These socioeconomic and health divides also affect children. Extra efforts and organized collaboration by different authorities are required to meet the greater needs of children growing up in these areas. METHODS/DESIGN: This article reports on the programme logic and evaluation design of an extended postnatal home visiting programme in collaboration between child health services and social services in the Rinkeby area, Stockholm, Sweden, where a large proportion are recent immigrants and more than 50% are at-risk of poverty...
January 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103825/factors-behind-the-success-story-of-under-five-stunting-in-peru-a-district-ecological-multilevel-analysis
#15
Luis Huicho, Carlos A Huayanay-Espinoza, Eder Herrera-Perez, Eddy R Segura, Jessica Niño de Guzman, María Rivera-Ch, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Stunting prevalence in children less than 5 years has remained stagnated in Peru from 1992 to 2007, with a rapid reduction thereafter. We aimed to assess the role of different predictors on stunting reduction over time and across departments, from 2000 to 2012. METHODS: We used various secondary data sources to describe time trends of stunting and of possible predictors that included distal to proximal determinants. We determined a ranking of departments by annual change of stunting and of different predictors...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094118/receipt-of-public-assistance-during-childhood-and-hypertension-risk-in-adulthood
#16
Debbie S Barrington, Sherman A James
PURPOSE: We examined if receipt of public assistance during childhood lowered risk for hypertension by mid-life in a cohort of African Americans in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: We used multiple logistic regression models to assess the relationship between receipt of public assistance during childhood and adult hypertension among 405 male and 737 female adult participants enrolled between 1988 and 2001 in the Pitt County Study, a community-based prospective cohort study of African Americans in North Carolina...
December 9, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092295/income-family-context-and-self-regulation-in-5-year-old-children
#17
Mengying Li, Jenna L Riis, Sharon R Ghazarian, Sara B Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Self-regulation (SR) is a core aspect of child development with enduring effects on health and wellbeing across the lifespan. Early childhood poverty may shape SR development. This study examined the cross-sectional relationship among family income, family context, and SR in 5-year-old children. METHODS: A total of 140 five-year-old children and their mothers participated in the study. Children completed a battery of SR tasks; mothers completed questionnaires...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086835/stunting-and-severe-stunting-among-children-under-5%C3%A2-years-in-nigeria-a-multilevel-analysis
#18
Blessing Jaka Akombi, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho, John Joseph Hall, Dafna Merom, Thomas Astell-Burt, Andre M N Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Stunting has been identified as one of the major proximal risk factors for poor physical and mental development of children under-5 years. Stunting predominantly occurs in the first 1000 days of life (0-23 months) and continues to the age of five. This study examines factors associated with stunting and severe stunting among children under-5 years in Nigeria. METHODS: The sample included 24,529 children aged 0-59 months from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069359/monitoring-equity-in-vaccination-coverage-a-systematic-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-45-gavi-supported-countries
#19
Catherine Arsenault, Sam Harper, Arijit Nandi, José M Mendoza Rodríguez, Peter M Hansen, Mira Johri
OBJECTIVES: (1) To conduct a systematic analysis of inequalities in childhood vaccination coverage in Gavi-supported countries; (2) to comparatively assess alternative measurement approaches and how they may affect cross-country comparisons of the level of inequalities. METHODS: Using the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-2014) in 45 Gavi-supported countries, we measured inequalities in vaccination coverage across seven dimensions of social stratification and of vulnerability to poor health outcomes...
January 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064527/child-violence-experiences-in-institutionalised-orphanage-care
#20
Lorraine Sherr, Kathryn J Roberts, Natasha Gandhi
Institutions are not necessarily good environments for children. In the face of challenges such as HIV, Ebola, poverty, conflict and disaster the numbers have grown rather than reduced. Some countries have closed institutions down -driven by findings that cognitive developmental delay is associated with institutional care. Yet insight into abuse and violence within institutionalised settings is neglected. Maltreatment -violence and abuse -may be an issue. This systematic review series addresses violence and abuse experiences in institutionalised care, exploring firstly the frequency of abuse/violence in institutions, secondly any interventions to reduce such violence or abuse and thirdly the perpetrators of such violence or abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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