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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738460/-association-between-sleep-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#1
H F Liu, F Li, Y H Wang, J H Chen, D X Peng, J Chen, L H Tan, X Mi, B H Zhao
Objective: To understand the association between peripheral leukocytes telomere length (TL) and sleep in middle-aged and old adults. Methods: A total of 176 middle-aged and old adults were investigated by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and questionnaire. TL was measured by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The correlation and regression analysis between sleep and telomere length was performed. Results: TL had a mean T/S ratio of 0.995±0.23. There was a negative correlation between TL and age (r=-0.241, P=0...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738457/-survey-of-economic-burden-of-hepatitis-b-related-diseases-in-12-areas-in-china
#2
Q S Ma, S Liang, H W Xiao, S X Zhang, G H Zhuang, Y H Zou, H Z Tan, J C Liu, Y H Zhang, A Q Xu, L Zhang, X X Feng, D S Hu, F Z Wang, F Q Cui, X F Liang
Objective: Less surveys on the economic burden of hepatitis B (HB)-related diseases have been conducted in China, so the socioeconomic harm caused by the diseases is not clear and the key parameters for economic evaluation of hepatitis B prevention and treatment are lacking. This study aimed to analyze the direct, indirect and intangible expenditures of hospitalized patients with HB-related diseases during hospitalization and during a year in different areas of China. Methods: The hospitals for infectious diseases and the large general hospitals in 12 areas in China were selected in the study...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738397/effects-of-self-management-education-through-telephone-follow-up-in-diabetic-patients
#3
Mahmood Namjoo Nasab, Abbas Ghavam, Abbas Yazdanpanah, Fereidoun Jahangir, Nasrin Shokrpour
It is expected that the number of people living with diabetes rise especially in low- and middle-income countries. In Iran, more than four million adults have diabetes mellitus, and self-management education is essential for effective diabetes self-care. This study aimed to investigate the effect of self-management education with telephone follow-up in diabetic patients of rural areas of Fars province in Lamerd city, Iran. In this experimental study, 64 participants were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups (32 patients for each group)...
July 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738213/determinants-of-the-magnitude-of-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-mortality-a-study-of-17-european-countries
#4
Johan P Mackenbach, Matthias Bopp, Patrick Deboosere, Katalin Kovacs, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Gwenn Menvielle, Enrique Regidor, Rianne de Gelder
The magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality differs importantly between countries, but these variations have not been satisfactorily explained. We explored the role of behavioral and structural determinants of these variations, by using a dataset covering 17 European countries in the period 1970-2010, and by conducting multilevel multivariate regression analyses. Our results suggest that between-country variations in inequalities in current mortality can partly be understood from variations in inequalities in smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and poverty...
July 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738085/a-bayesian-spatio-temporal-model-for-forecasting-anaplasma-species-seroprevalence-in-domestic-dogs-within-the-contiguous-united-states
#5
Yan Liu, Stella C Watson, Jenna R Gettings, Robert B Lund, Shila K Nordone, Michael J Yabsley, Christopher S McMahan
This paper forecasts the 2016 canine Anaplasma spp. seroprevalence in the United States from eight climate, geographic and societal factors. The forecast's construction and an assessment of its performance are described. The forecast is based on a spatial-temporal conditional autoregressive model fitted to over 11 million Anaplasma spp. seroprevalence test results for dogs conducted in the 48 contiguous United States during 2011-2015. The forecast uses county-level data on eight predictive factors, including annual temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, county elevation, forestation coverage, surface water coverage, population density and median household income...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737591/hiv-incidence-and-predictors-of-hiv-acquisition-from-an-outside-partner-in-serodiscordant-couples-in-lusaka-zambia-1995-2012
#6
Dvora L Joseph Davey, Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Htee Khu Naw, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Marjan Javanbakt, Pamina Gorbach, Susan Allen
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the incidence and predictors of HIV acquisition from outside partners in serodiscordant couples. METHODS: Demographic, behavioral, and clinical exposures were measured quarterly in a cohort of serodiscordant cohabiting couples in Zambia from 1995-2012 (n=3049). Genetic analysis classified incident infections as those acquired from the study partner (linked) or acquired from an outside partner (unlinked). Factors associated with time to unlinked HIV infection were evaluated using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression stratified by gender...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737469/social-and-economic-burden-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-and-quality-of-life-a-patient-web-based-study-gesprit
#7
F Wagenlehner, B Wullt, S Ballarini, D Zingg, K G Naber
Background Uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in approximately 50% of women, and 20-30% experience recurrent UTI. Data on UTIs and quality of life (QoL) in Europe are limited. Methods This was an anonymous, self-administered web-based survey conducted in 5 countries (Germany, Switzerland, Poland, Russia and Italy), on adult women who had experienced recurrent UTI and were affected by acute UTI currently or within 4 weeks of study entry. Questions covered disease course; management; social and economic burden; education, income, and health insurance status...
July 24, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737468/economic-evaluations-of-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-hib-vaccine-a-systematic-review
#8
Bunchai Chongmelaxme, Maythika Hammanee, Wariya Phooaphirak, Surachai Kotirum, Raymond Hutubessy, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
AIMS: World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines but only China and Thailand have not used Hib vaccination in their national immunization programs. This systematic review aimed to update published economic evaluations of Hib vaccinations and to determine factors that potentially affected their cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Searching was performed from the inception until December 2015 using 13 databases: CAB direct; CEA registry; EconLit; EMBASE; E-library; NHSEED; PAHO; POPLINE; PubMed; Redalyc project; RePEc; SciELO and WHOLIS...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737412/integrated-care-clinic-creating-enhanced-clinical-pathways-for-integrated-behavioral-health-care-in-a-family-medicine-residency-clinic-serving-a-low-income-minority-population
#9
Jerica M Berge, Lisa Trump, Stephanie Trudeau, Damir S Utržan, Michele Mandrich, Andrew Slattengren, Tanner Nissly, Laura Miller, Macaran Baird, Eli Coleman, Michael Wootten
INTRODUCTION: Research examining the implementation and effectiveness of integrated behavioral health (BH) care in family medicine/primary care is growing. However, research identifying ways to consistently use integrated BH in busy family medicine/primary care settings with underserved populations is limited. This study describes 1 family medicine clinic's transformation into a fully integrated BH care clinic through the development of an Integrated Care Clinic (ICC) and enhanced clinical pathways to promote regular use of behavioral health clinicians (BHCs)...
July 24, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737241/factors-associated-with-the-severity-of-premenstrual-syndrome-among-iranian-college-students
#10
Maryam Farahmand, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Davood Khalili, Gholamreza Amin, Reza Negarandeh
AIM: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by physical, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms that occur cyclically, from several days to 2 weeks before menses, which resolve either quickly or during the early days of menstruation. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with the severity of PMS in Iranian college students. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was performed among 298 college students (aged 18-35 years) with PMS, of whom, 271 college students completed the Iranian version of the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool questionnaire to determine the severity of PMS...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736929/impact-of-cost-sharing-increases-on-continuity-of-specialty-drug-use-a-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Pengxiang Li, Tianyan Hu, Xinyan Yu, Salim Chahin, Nabila Dahodwala, Marissa Blum, Amy R Pettit, Jalpa A Doshi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of cost-sharing increases on continuity of specialty drug use in Medicare beneficiaries with multiple sclerosis (MS) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Five percent Medicare claims data (2007-2010). STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study examining changes in specialty drug use among a group of Medicare Part D beneficiaries without low-income subsidies (non-LIS) as they transitioned from a 5 percent cost-sharing preperiod to a ≥25 percent cost-sharing postperiod, as compared to changes among a disease-matched contemporaneous control group of patients eligible for full low-income subsidies (LIS), who faced minor cost sharing (≤$6...
July 24, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736913/a-community-responsive-adaptation-to-reach-and-engage-latino-families-affected-by-maternal-depression
#12
Carmen R Valdez, Alyssa Ramirez Stege, Elizabeth Martinez, Stephanie D'Costa, Thomas Chavez
As family researchers and practitioners seek to improve the quality and accessibility of mental health services for immigrant families, they have turned to culturally adapted interventions. Although many advancements have been made in adapting interventions for such families, we have yet to understand how the adaptation can ensure that the intervention is reaching families identified to be in greatest need within a local system of care and community. We argue that reaching, engaging, and understanding the needs of families entails a collaborative approach with multiple community partners to ensure that adaptations to intervention content and delivery are responsive to the sociocultural trajectory of families within a community...
July 23, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736874/the-impact-of-changes-in-china-s-family-patterns-on-family-pension-functions
#13
Su Zhongxin, Hu Zhan, Peng Xizhe
Using data from the Chinese census and the China Statistical Yearbook, this paper will analyze the historical changes and future trends of family households in China over the past 30 years and explore the changes of family pension functions and corresponding policies. Our analysis yielded 3 notable results. First, in family size miniaturization and structural simplification, 1- and 2-generation family households are the main body of contemporary China. Second, for family aging and changes in living patterns, which primarily manifest as an increase in; the proportion of elderly households and in middle-aged and elderly people in the family, the elderly model and the "multigenerational model" have become the 2 major residence models for the elderly in China...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736814/interactions-between-empathy-and-resting-heart-rate-in-early-adolescence-predict-violent-behavior-in-late-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#14
Chardée A Galán, Daniel Ewon Choe, Erika E Forbes, Daniel S Shaw
BACKGROUND: Although resting heart rate (RHR) and empathy are independently and negatively associated with violent behavior, relatively little is known about the interplay between these psychophysiological and temperament-related risk factors. METHODS: Using a sample of 160 low-income, racially diverse men followed prospectively from infancy through early adulthood, this study examined whether RHR and empathy during early adolescence independently and interactively predict violent behavior and related correlates in late adolescence and early adulthood...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736766/feasibility-studies-of-a-new-event-selection-method-to-improve-spatial-resolution-of-compton-imaging-for-medical-applications
#15
E Draeger, S Peterson, D Mackin, H Chen, S Beddar, J C Polf
A Compton imaging method for medical applications that includes new energy determination and data filtering techniques has been tested using several point sources with known emission lines. Using a prototype Compton camera, a distance-of-closest approach technique has been employed to determine the initial energy of the incoming γs and to ensure the reconstructed source position is within an acceptable distance from the known γ source location. Further analysis is done by implementing a Compton line filtering technique, keeping only those interactions whose deposited energy in the first interaction matches the theoretical energy deposition predicted by the Compton equation...
July 2017: IEEE transactions on radiation and plasma medical sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736609/shifting-livelihood-strategies-in-northern-nigeria-extensified-production-and-livelihood-diversification-amongst-fulani-pastoralists
#16
Ayodele O Majekodunmi, Charles Dongkum, Tok Langs, Alexandra P M Shaw, Susan C Welburn
This paper presents an in-depth investigation of the livelihood strategies of Fulani pastoralists in north central Nigeria. Results show a diversified crop-livestock system aimed at spreading risk and reducing cattle offtake, adapted to natural resource competition and insecurity by extensification, with further diversification into off-farm activities to spread risk, increase livelihood security and capture opportunities. However, significant costs were associated with extensification, and integration of crop and livestock enterprises was limited...
2017: Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736413/an-innovative-methodological-approach-to-building-successful-community-partnerships-for-improving-insurance-coverage-health-and-health-care-in-high-risk-communities
#17
Glenn Flores, Candy Walker, Hua Lin, Michael Lee, Marco Fierro, Monica Henry, Alberto Portillo, Kenneth Massey
BACKGROUND: More than 48% of U.S. children are racial/ethnic minorities, 21% are poor, and 6% are uninsured. It is unclear, however, what methods are most effective for identifying and engaging community partners in study enrollment of these children in high-risk communities. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate a new methodological approach to the screening, identification, and intervention study enrollment of uninsured minority children. METHODS: We developed, implemented, and evaluated a methodological approach consisting of four components: (1) identify communities with the highest proportions of low-income minority families with uninsured children, (2) hire minority research staff responsible for community engagement and data collection, (3) implement and evaluate a parent mentor (PM) intervention built on community partnerships and which creates jobs, and (4) successfully execute the research by engaging appropriate community partners...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736257/risk-of-depression-among-bangladeshi-type-2-diabetic-patients
#18
S H Chowdhury, M N Karim, S Selim, F Ahmed, A K Azad, S A Maksud, M F U Rahaman, M F Uddin, M A J Chowdhury
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the strength and consistency of the relationship between depression and diabetes in Bangladeshi population. METHODS: The study was conducted at the medicine department of Bangabandhu Shiekh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) during May 2012 to May 2013. Equal number of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and non-diabetic subjects (patient attendants) were recruited from outpatient department matching for age (±2 years) and gender...
July 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736197/characterization-of-an-escherichia-coli-derived-human-papillomavirus-type-16-and-18-bivalent-vaccine
#19
Ying Gu, Minxi Wei, Daning Wang, Zhihai Li, Minghui Xie, Huirong Pan, Ting Wu, Jun Zhang, Shaowei Li, Ningshao Xia
Human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 account for approximately 70% of cervical cancer worldwide. Neutralizing HPV prophylactic vaccines offer significant benefit, as they block HPV infection and prevent subsequent disease. However, the three licensed HPV vaccines that cover these two genotypes were produced in eukaryotic cells, which is expensive, particularly for low-income countries where HPV is highest. Here, we report a new HPV16 and -18 bivalent candidate vaccine produced from Escherichia coli. We used two strategies of N-terminal truncation of HPV L1 proteins and soluble non-fusion expression to generate HPV16 and HPV18 L1-only virus-like particles (VLPs) in a scalable process...
July 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735995/a-study-on-adherence-to-follow-up-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-renal-transplant-recipients-in-china
#20
L Zhao, J Yan, G-L Yang, Y Liu
BACKGROUND: Adherence to follow-up is vital for the medical surveillance of the postoperative blood concentration, but relatively little research has examined it, and there is less study on relationships between adherence to follow-up and quality of life (QoL). We investigated the status of adherence to follow-up and QoL and associated factors among kidney transplantation recipients in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of a Kidney Transplantation Recipient's Adherence to Follow-Up Questionnaire and a Quality of Life of Kidney Transplantation Recipients Questionnaire was conducted among 250 kidney transplantation recipients in Changsha, China, from January to March in 2015...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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