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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161758/young-athletes-health-knowledge-system-qualitative-analysis-of-health-learning-processes-in-adolescent-sportspersons
#1
Laura I Rodríguez-Serrano, Toomas Timpka, Joakim Ekberg, Örjan Dahlström, Jenny Jacobsson
Recognized side effects on health associated with sports participation in youth include overtraining, doping, and exposure to harassment and violence. Many of these effects originate in contexts where young athletes are beginning to make decisions about their sports practices on their own. This study set out to explore knowledge and reasoning about health among adolescent athletes and to describe how health knowledge management structures are associated with different social systems. Qualitative data were collected from focus groups involving 65 young Swedish athletes aged 16 to 17 years...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161155/the-use-of-virtual-communities-of-practice-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-education-findings-from-an-integrated-review
#2
Clodagh McLoughlin, Kunal D Patel, Tom O'Callaghan, Scott Reeves
The recent growth in online technology has led to a rapid increase in the sharing of health related information globally. Health and social care professionals are now using a wide range of virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) for learning, support, continuing professional education, knowledge management and information sharing. In this article, we report the findings from a review of the literature that explored the use of VCoPs by health and social care professionals to determine their potential for interprofessional education and collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159211/the-relationship-between-knowledge-of-leadership-and-knowledge-management-practices-in-the-food-industry-in-kurdistan-province-iran
#3
Seyyed Mohammad Moosavi Jad, Sahar Geravandi, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi, Rashin Alizadeh, Mohammad Sarvarian, Babak Rastegarimehr, Abolhasan Afkar, Ahmad Reza Yari, Mahboobeh Momtazan, Aliasghar Valipour, Mohammad Mahboubi, Azimeh Karimyan, Alireza Mazraehkar, Ali Soleimani Nejad, Hafez Mohammadi
The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between the knowledge of leadership and knowledge management practices. This research strategy, in terms of quantity, procedure and obtain information, is descriptive and correlational. Statistical population, consist of all employees of a food industry in Kurdistan province of Iran, who were engaged in 2016 and their total number is about 1800 people. 316 employees in the Kurdistan food industry (Kurdistan FI) were selected, using Cochran formula. Non-random method and valid questions (standard) for measurement of the data are used...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132620/identifying-and-prioritizing-the-tools-techniques-of-knowledge-management-based-on-the-asian-productivity-organization-model-apo-to-use-in-hospitals
#4
Hamid Khajouei, Reza Khajouei
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate knowledge, correct information, and relevant data are vital in medical diagnosis and treatment systems. Knowledge Management (KM) through its tools/techniques provides a pertinent framework for decision-making in healthcare systems. The objective of this study was to identify and prioritize the KM tools/techniques that apply to hospital setting. METHODS: This is a descriptive-survey study. Data were collected using a -researcher-made questionnaire that was developed based on experts' opinions to select the appropriate tools/techniques from 26 tools/techniques of the Asian Productivity Organization (APO) model...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120891/clinicians-ability-motivation-and-opportunity-to-acquire-and-transfer-knowledge-an-age-driven-perspective
#5
Silvia Profili, Alessia Sammarra, Roberto Dandi, Daniele Mascia
BACKGROUND: Many countries are seeing a dramatic increase in the average age of their clinicians. The literature often highlights the challenges of high replacement costs and the need for strategies to retain older personnel. Less discussed are the potential pitfalls of knowledge acquisition and transfer that accompany this aging issue. PURPOSE: We propose a conceptual framework for understanding how clinicians' age interact with ability, motivation, and opportunity to predict clinical knowledge transfer and acquisition in health care organizations...
November 8, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076113/a-knowledge-modeling-approach-to-integrate-multiple-clinical-practice-guidelines-to-provide-evidence-based-clinical-decision-support-for-managing-comorbid-conditions
#6
Samina Abidi
Clinical management of comorbidities is a challenge, especially in a clinical decision support setting, as it requires the safe and efficient reconciliation of multiple disease-specific clinical procedures to formulate a comorbid therapeutic plan that is both effective and safe for the patient. In this paper we pursue the integration of multiple disease-specific Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) in order to manage co-morbidities within a computerized Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS). We present a CPG integration framework-termed as COMET (Comorbidity Ontological Modeling & ExecuTion) that manifests a knowledge management approach to model, computerize and integrate multiple CPG to yield a comorbid CPG knowledge model that upon execution can provide evidence-based recommendations for handling comorbid patients...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042826/clinical-reasoning-and-knowledge-management-in-final-year-medical-students-the-role-of-student-led-grand-rounds
#7
David Arumaisingam Kandiah
OBJECTIVES: The development of clinical reasoning and decision-making skills is often limited in medical school curricula. In reality, medical graduates acquire these skills during their first few years of residency. For many, this can be stressful as they may be working under limited supervision as a part of their rotations. METHODS: Student-led Grand Rounds was developed to transfer both explicit and tacit knowledge to final year medical students. This pilot project was to apply the principles of knowledge management to allow students to be exposed to the reasoning and decision making of common clinical presentations...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021130/knowledge-management-framework-for-emerging-infectious-diseases-preparedness-and-response-design-and-development-of-public-health-document-ontology
#8
Zhizun Zhang, Mila C Gonzalez, Stephen S Morse, Venkat Venkatasubramanian
BACKGROUND: There are increasing concerns about our preparedness and timely coordinated response across the globe to cope with emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). This poses practical challenges that require exploiting novel knowledge management approaches effectively. OBJECTIVE: This work aims to develop an ontology-driven knowledge management framework that addresses the existing challenges in sharing and reusing public health knowledge. METHODS: We propose a systems engineering-inspired ontology-driven knowledge management approach...
October 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982187/assessing-climate-change-robustness-of-protected-area-management-plans-the-case-of-germany
#9
Juliane Geyer, Stefan Kreft, Florian Jeltsch, Pierre L Ibisch
Protected areas are arguably the most important instrument of biodiversity conservation. To keep them fit under climate change, their management needs to be adapted to address related direct and indirect changes. In our study we focus on the adaptation of conservation management planning, evaluating management plans of 60 protected areas throughout Germany with regard to their climate change-robustness. First, climate change-robust conservation management was defined using 11 principles and 44 criteria, which followed an approach similar to sustainability standards...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970762/revisiting-organisational-learning-in-integrated-care
#10
Roberto Nuño-Solinís
Progress in health care integration is largely linked to changes in processes and ways of doing. These changes have knowledge management and learning implications. For this reason, the use of the concept of organisational learning is explored in the field of integrated care. There are very limited contributions that have connected the fields of organisational learning and care integration in a systematic way, both at the theoretical and empirical level. For this reason, hybridization of both perspectives still provides opportunities for understanding care integration initiatives from a research perspective as well as potential applications in health care management and planning...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966561/towards-knowledge-management-for-smart-manufacturing
#11
Shaw C Feng, William Z Bernstein, Thomas Hedberg, Allison Barnard Feeney
The need for capturing knowledge in the digital form in design, process planning, production, and inspection has increasingly become an issue in manufacturing industries as the variety and complexity of product lifecycle applications increase. Both knowledge and data need to be well managed for quality assurance, lifecycle-impact assessment, and design improvement. Some technical barriers exist today that inhibit industry from fully utilizing design, planning, processing, and inspection knowledge. The primary barrier is a lack of a well-accepted mechanism that enables users to integrate data and knowledge...
September 2017: Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922967/contemporary-hiv-aids-research-insights-from-knowledge-management-theory
#12
Chris William Callaghan
Knowledge management as a field is concerned with the management of knowledge, including the management of knowledge in research processes. Knowledge management theory has the potential to support research into problems such as HIV, antibiotic resistance and others, particularly in terms of aspects of scientific research related to the contribution of social science. To date, however, these challenges remain with us, and theoretical contributions that can complement natural science efforts to eradicate these problems are needed...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887856/cassava-brown-streak-disease-historical-timeline-current-knowledge-and-future-prospects
#13
REVIEW
Katie R Tomlinson, Andy M Bailey, Titus Alicai, Sue Seal, Gary D Foster
Cassava is the second most important staple food crop in terms of per capita calories consumed in Africa and holds potential for climate change adaptation. Unfortunately, productivity in East and Central Africa is severely constrained by two viral diseases: cassava mosaic disease (CMD) and cassava brown streak disease (CBSD). CBSD was first reported in 1936 from northeast Tanzania. For approximately seventy years CBSD was restricted to coastal East Africa and so had a relatively low impact on food security compared to CMD...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886088/an-empirical-research-on-relationships-between-subjective-judgement-technology-acceptance-tendency-and-knowledge-transfer
#14
Yu-Hsi Yuan, Sang-Bing Tsai, Chien-Yun Dai, Hsiao-Ming Chen, Wan-Fei Chen, Chia-Huei Wu, Guodong Li, Jiangtao Wang
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among employees' usage intention pertaining to mobile information devices, focusing on subjective judgement, technology acceptance tendency, information sharing behavior and information transfer. A research model was established to verify several hypotheses. The research model based on integrated concepts of knowledge management and technology acceptance modeling. Participants were employees of enterprises in Taiwan, selected by combining snowball and convenience sampling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885592/a-tailored-ontology-supporting-sensor-implementation-for-the-maintenance-of-industrial-machines
#15
Elaheh Maleki, Farouk Belkadi, Mathieu Ritou, Alain Bernard
The longtime productivity of an industrial machine is improved by condition-based maintenance strategies. To do this, the integration of sensors and other cyber-physical devices is necessary in order to capture and analyze a machine's condition through its lifespan. Thus, choosing the best sensor is a critical step to ensure the efficiency of the maintenance process. Indeed, considering the variety of sensors, and their features and performance, a formal classification of a sensor's domain knowledge is crucial...
September 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883196/from-a-content-delivery-portal-to-a-knowledge-management-system-for-standardized-cancer-documentation
#16
Danijela Schlue, Sebastian Mate, Jörg Haier, Dennis Kadioglu, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Bernhard Breil
Heterogeneous tumor documentation and its challenges of interpretation of medical terms lead to problems in analyses of data from clinical and epidemiological cancer registries. The objective of this project was to design, implement and improve a national content delivery portal for oncological terms. Data elements of existing handbooks and documentation sources were analyzed, combined and summarized by medical experts of different comprehensive cancer centers. Informatics experts created a generic data model based on an existing metadata repository...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880046/clinical-decisions-support-malfunctions-in-a-commercial-electronic-health-record
#17
Steven Z Kassakian, Thomas R Yackel, Paul N Gorman, David A Dorr
OBJECTIVES: Determine if clinical decision support (CDS) malfunctions occur in a commercial electronic health record (EHR) system, characterize their pathways and describe methods of detection. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the firing rate for 226 alert type CDS rules for detection of anomalies using both expert visualization and statistical process control (SPC) methods over a five year period. Candidate anomalies were investigated and validated. RESULTS: Twenty-one candidate CDS anomalies were identified from 8,300 alert-months...
September 6, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730532/survey-of-primary-care-providers-knowledge-of-screening-for-diagnosing-and-managing-prediabetes
#18
Eva Tseng, Raquel C Greer, Paul O'Rourke, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Maura M McGuire, Jeanne M Clark, Nisa M Maruthur
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes affects 86 million US adults, but primary care providers' (PCPs') knowledge, practices, attitudes and beliefs toward prediabetes are unclear. OBJECTIVE: Assess PCPs' (1) knowledge of risk factors that should prompt prediabetes screening, laboratory criteria for diagnosing prediabetes and guidelines for management of prediabetes; (2) management practices around prediabetes; (3) attitudes and beliefs about prediabetes. DESIGN: Self-administered written survey of PCPs...
November 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697849/post-market-surveillance-in-the-german-medical-device-sector-current-state-and-future-perspectives
#19
Claus Zippel, Sabine Bohnet-Joschko
Medical devices play a central role in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases but also bring the potential for adverse events, hazards or malfunction with serious consequences for patients and users. Medical device manufacturers are therefore required by law to monitor the performance of medical devices that have been approved by the competent authorities (post market surveillance). Conducting a nationwide online-survey in the German medical device sector in Q2/2014 in order to explore the current status of the use of post market instruments we obtained a total of 118 complete data sets, for a return rate of 36%...
June 24, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664275/barriers-to-secondary-fracture-prevention-in-primary-care
#20
A S Mendis, K Ganda, M J Seibel
This study of current osteoporosis management patterns in general practice found that the majority of patients presenting to their local health practitioner with a recent low-trauma fracture was not managed appropriately. The analysis demonstrated that failure to investigate was highly predictive of failure to treat and that one of the major barriers to effective osteoporosis management is a lack of specific knowledge about who to investigate and treat. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporotic fractures are associated with significant morbidity and mortality...
June 29, 2017: Osteoporosis International
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