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"Knowledge management"

Leila Vali, Azar Izadi, Yunes Jahani, Maryam Okhovati
INTRODUCTION: Education and research are two major functions of universities, which require proper and systematic exploitation of available knowledge and information. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the knowledge management status in an education system by considering the function of faculty members in creation and dissemination of knowledge. This study was conducted to investigate the knowledge management status among faculty members of the Kerman University of Medical Sciences based on the Nonaka and Takeuchi models in 2015...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Karin Veldman, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Maarten M H Lahr, Ronald J Uittenbroek, Klaske Wynia
BACKGROUND: Self-management is an important asset in helping older adults remain independent and in control for as long as possible. There is no reliable and valid measurement instrument to evaluate self-management behaviour of older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to design a measurement instrument, that is the Partners in Health scale for older adults (PIH-OA), to assess self-management knowledge and behaviour of community-living older adults and to examine its psychometric properties in a Dutch context...
October 7, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Shahram Tahmasebian, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Marjan Ghazisaeidi, Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh
INTRODUCTION: Case-based reasoning (CBR) systems are one of the effective methods to find the nearest solution to the current problems. These systems are used in various spheres as well as industry, business, and economy. The medical field is not an exception in this regard, and these systems are nowadays used in the various aspects of diagnosis and treatment. METHODOLOGY: In this study, the effective parameters were first extracted from the structured discharge summary prepared for patients with chronic kidney diseases based on data mining method...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Christopher J Burman, Marota A Aphane
This article focuses on the utility of a knowledge management heuristic called the Cynefin framework, which was applied during an ongoing pilot intervention in the Limpopo province, South Africa. The intervention aimed to identify and then consolidate low-cost, innovative bio-social responses to reinforce the biomedical opportunities that now have the potential to "end AIDS by 2030″. The Cynefin framework is designed to enable leaders to identify specific decision-making domain typologies as a mechanism to maximise the effectiveness of leadership responses to both opportunities and challenges that emerge during interventions...
September 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
C Cvitanovic, J McDonald, A J Hobday
Effective conservation requires knowledge exchange among scientists and decision-makers to enable learning and support evidence-based decision-making. Efforts to improve knowledge exchange have been hindered by a paucity of empirically-grounded guidance to help scientists and practitioners design and implement research programs that actively facilitate knowledge exchange. To address this, we evaluated the Ningaloo Research Program (NRP), which was designed to generate new scientific knowledge to support evidence-based decisions about the management of the Ningaloo Marine Park in north-western Australia...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Chia-Nan Chiu, Huei-Huang Chen
Many studies on the significance of knowledge management (KM) in the business world have been performed in recent years. Public sector KM is a research area of growing importance. Findings show that few authors specialize in the field and there are several obstacles to developing a cohesive body of literature. In order to examine their effect of the knowledge management capability [which consists of knowledge infrastructure capability (KIC) and knowledge process capability (KPC)] and organizational effectiveness (OE), this study conducted structural equation modeling to test the hypotheses with 302 questionnaires of Taipei Water Department staffs in Taiwan...
2016: SpringerPlus
Andreas G Franke, Sophie Lehmberg, Michael Soyka
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) is a topic of increasing importance. Its prevalence rates range from 1 % to more than 20 %. Students are a group that shows exceptionally high prevalence rates. However, little is known about teachers' knowledge, management, attitudes and ethical judgements regarding PN. METHODS: A web-based survey containing 40 closed questions was developed. All teachers working at all private and public schools in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a state in northeastern Germany, were invited to participate after their respective school offices were contacted by telephone, email and mail...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Gina J Ferris, Gina P Spohn, Alejandro Gru, Jessica Kaffenberger
We present an original case report of a 45-year-old woman with a five-month history of sporadic, tender, nodules present on the right upper abdomen, bilateral dorsal wrists, right upper arm, and left flank. Biopsy revealed a mild perivascular infiltrate, increased dermal mucin, and no significant increase in fibroblasts. Presentation and histology were most consistent with nodular lichen myxedematosus (NLM), a rare primary mucinosis. Only four previous cases are reported in the literature to our knowledge. Management of NLM and other subtypes of lichen myxedematosus is not well described...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Mattias Örnerheim
Healthcare registries, otherwise known in Sweden as national quality registries (NQRs), have progressed from being a patient-focused system supporting medical results to become the basis of a health policy steering instrument called regional comparisons (RCs). This article seeks to explain RCs as an unintended consequence of the NQR development, by utilizing the concepts of policy entrepreneurs and streams of impact: the problem stream (problem perceived), the policy stream (what is valid), and the political stream (governmental objectives)...
September 4, 2016: Health Promotion International
Wasif Baig, Samina Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
Behavior change approaches aim to assist patients in achieving self-efficacy in managing their condition. Social cognitive theory (SCT) stipulates self-efficacy as a central element to behavior change and provides constructs to achieve self-efficacy guided by person-specific action plans. In our work, to administer behaviour change in patient with chronic conditions, our approach entails the computerization of SCT-based self-efficacy constructs in order to generate personalized action plans that are suitable to an individual's current care scenario...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Ankur Joshi, Satendra Singh, Shivani Jaswal, Dinesh Kumar Badyal, Tejinder Singh
Web-based conversational learning provides an opportunity for shared knowledge base creation through collaboration and collective wisdom extraction. Usually, the amount of generated information in such forums is very huge, multidimensional (in alignment with the desirable preconditions for constructivist knowledge creation), and sometimes, the nature of expected new information may not be anticipated in advance. Thus, concept maps (crafted from constructed data) as "process summary" tools may be a solution to improve critical thinking and learning by making connections between the facts or knowledge shared by the participants during online discussion This exploratory paper begins with the description of this innovation tried on a web-based interacting platform (email list management software), FAIMER-Listserv, and generated qualitative evidence through peer-feedback...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Sue Lacey Bryant, David Stewart, Louise Goswami, Maria J Grant
Significant progress has been made in implementing Knowledge for Healthcare. This editorial reports the central contribution of effective partnerships and the involvement of librarians and knowledge specialists in this work. There are compelling business priorities. Key elements of work-streams on demonstrating impact, workforce development and streamlining are indicated, along with areas of growing importance - knowledge management, embedded roles and health information for the public and patients. Knowledge, and the skills to help people to use it, are business critical...
September 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
A Schuster, D Brachthäuser, M Mansour, H Alfke
In times of RIS (radiology information system) and KIS (hospital information system) systems, patient-related data are at the radiologist's disposal at the push of a button. However, this is not the case for other important data. The increasing complexity of modern medicine demands that up-to-date information like protocols, SOPs (Standards of Practice), news and modifications are constantly accessible to all employees. This aspect of quality assurance becomes increasingly important in the context of certification...
September 2016: Der Radiologe
R Cornet, C G Chute
OBJECTIVES: The fields of health terminology, classification, ontology, and related information models have evolved dramatically over the past 25 years. Our objective was to review notable trends, described emerging or enabling technologies, and highlight major terminology systems during the interval. METHODS: We review the progression in health terminology systems informed by our own experiences as part of the community involved in this work, reinforced with literature review and citation...
2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
Reed G Williams, John D Mellinger, Gary L Dunnington
BACKGROUND: Global, end-of-rotation evaluations are often difficult to interpret due to their high level of abstraction (eg, excellent, good, poor) and the bias toward high ratings. This study documents the utility of and measurement characteristics of serious problem items, an alternative item format. METHODS: This report is based on 4,234 faculty performance ratings for 105 general surgery residents. Faculty members reported whether each resident had a serious problem for each of 8 areas of clinical performance and 6 areas of professional behavior...
October 2016: Surgery
Chen Yunzhi, Lu Huijuan, Linda Shapiro, Ravensara S Travillian, Li Lanjuan
BACKGROUND: Ontology development, as an increasingly practical vehicle applied in various fields, plays a significant role in knowledge management. This paper, focusing on constructing and querying a hepatitis ontology, aims to provide a framework for ontology-based medical services. The paper is devoted to the algorithm of query expansion for the hepatitis ontology, including synonym expansion, hypernym/hyponym expansion and expansion of similar words. It applies semantic similarity calculation to judge the similarity of retrieval terms...
May 2016: Journal of Biological Research
Adriana C Lozinsky, Rosan Meyer, Katherine Anagnostou, Robert Dziubak, Kate Reeve, Heather Godwin, Adam T Fox, Neil Shah
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most common food allergy in infants and can affect a family's quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the knowledge and experience of general practitioners (GPs) in terms of CMPA diagnosis and management and to explore the views of parents on the current diagnostic process. Two surveys were conducted in June 2014, which collected data from GPs and parents of infants diagnosed with CMPA in the United Kingdom. The questionnaires included quantitative and qualitative questions, which measured self-reported knowledge, management and perceived treatment progression, and the educational needs of GPs...
2015: Children
Deborah Ziebarth, Carson Hunter
In preparation for the development of a virtual knowledge platform for faith community nurses, a review of literature explored the prevalence and context of electronic knowledge management initiatives. The review revealed that healthcare, business, and global virtual knowledge platforms have been developed to elicit certain behaviors in users. For those who develop virtual knowledge platforms, the results are improved efficiency, innovation, accessibility, and cost savings. The main component of virtual knowledge platforms is a central repository or an infrastructure where knowledge is created, acquired, stored (documents), updated, and shared internally and externally...
July 6, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Myriam Lingg, Kaspar Wyss, Luis Durán-Arenas
BACKGROUND: In organisational theory there is an assumption that knowledge is used effectively in healthcare systems that perform well. Actors in healthcare systems focus on managing knowledge of clinical processes like, for example, clinical decision-making to improve patient care. We know little about connecting that knowledge to administrative processes like high-risk medical device procurement. We analysed knowledge-related factors that influence procurement and clinical procedures for orthopaedic medical devices in Mexico...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Leslie R Rith-Najarian, Eric L Daleiden, Bruce F Chorpita
Given the impressive amount of knowledge relevant to prevention efforts, this paper articulates strategies to capitalize on such knowledge through evidence-based decision making. Knowledge, or "evidence," is understood here as coming from multiple sources, including research, individual people, group history, and relevant theory. The presented strategies to facilitate evidence-based decision making are: (1) intervention knowledge management; (2) collaborative design; (3) knowledge resources for intervention; and (4) developmentally sensitive training and supervision...
October 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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