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"Knowledge management"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215015/goose-management-schemes-to-resolve-conflicts-with-agriculture-theory-practice-and-effects
#1
Einar Eythórsson, Ingunn M Tombre, Jesper Madsen
In 2012, the four countries hosting the Svalbard population of pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus along its flyway launched an International Species Management Plan for the population. One of the aims was to reduce conflicts between geese and agriculture to an acceptable level. Since 2006, Norway has offered subsidies to farmers that provide refuge areas for geese on their land. We evaluate the mid-Norwegian goose management subsidy scheme, with a view to its adjustment to prevailing ecological and socio-economic parameters...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179722/student-perceptions-of-learning-through-an-international-comparison
#2
Phillip Woods, Jason Perepelkin, Amary Mey, Rodney Gapp, Michelle King
Objective. To broaden pharmacy students' international perspectives through a teaching and learning method involving international comparison. Design. Four topics within a pharmacy law and practice course were taught in-person by collaborating faculty members representing two international perspectives (Australian and Canadian). The assessed learning objective was for students to be able to synthesize an international comparative analysis that reflected an international perspective. Assessment. Approximately 70% (n=44) of the class completed an online survey instrument that explored students' perceptions of their own learning...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027162/critical-issues-in-radiation-protection-knowledge-management-for-preserving-radiation-protection-research-and-development-capabilities
#3
Shaheen Azim Dewji
As a hub of domestic radiation protection capabilities, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Center for Radiation Protection Knowledge has a mandate to develop and actuate a formal knowledge management (KM) effort. This KM approach exceeds recruitment and training efforts but focuses on formalized strategies for knowledge transfer from outgoing subject matter experts in radiation protection to incoming generations. It is envisioned that such an effort will provide one avenue for preserving domestic capabilities to support stakeholder needs in the federal government and the nuclear industry while continuing to lead and innovate in research and development on a global scale...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984404/determinants-of-knowledge-sharing-networks-in-primary-care
#4
Daniele Mascia, Francesca Pallotti, Roberto Dandi
BACKGROUND: Around the world, health reforms are increasingly fostering collaboration and integration among primary care physicians with the aim of facilitating knowledge sharing and evidence-informed decision-making. Although extant research on this topic is abundant, the evidence and results regarding social and organizational factors affecting the formation of knowledge-sharing networks in this setting are inconclusive. PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to explore multiple theoretical mechanisms explaining the formation of knowledge-sharing networks among primary care physicians across relevant clinical areas...
December 15, 2016: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982362/role-of-paho-who-in-ehealth-capacity-building-in-the-americas-analysis-of-the-2011-2015-period
#5
David Novillo-Ortiz, Marcelo D'Agostino, Francisco Becerra-Posada
Political will and adoption of measures toward the use of eHealth have been steadily increasing, facilitating mobilization of resources necessary to adopt and implement digital services that will make it possible to improve access, expand coverage, and increase financial efficiency of health care systems. Adoption of the Strategy and Plan of Action on eHealth of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in 2011 by all Member States in the Region of the Americas has led the Region to major progress in this regard, including the following: creation of knowledge networks and development of information sources, establishment of eHealth sustainability models, support for development of electronic health records, promotion of standards on health data and related technologies that ensure exchange of information, use of mobile devices to improve health, and improvement in quality of care through telemedicine...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919392/knowledge-management-systems-success-in-healthcare-leadership-matters
#6
Nor'ashikin Ali, Alexei Tretiakov, Dick Whiddett, Inga Hunter
PURPOSE: To deliver high-quality healthcare doctors need to access, interpret, and share appropriate and localised medical knowledge. Information technology is widely used to facilitate the management of this knowledge in healthcare organisations. The purpose of this study is to develop a knowledge management systems success model for healthcare organisations. METHOD: A model was formulated by extending an existing generic knowledge management systems success model by including organisational and system factors relevant to healthcare...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903890/pharos-collating-protein-information-to-shed-light-on-the-druggable-genome
#7
Dac-Trung Nguyen, Stephen Mathias, Cristian Bologa, Soren Brunak, Nicolas Fernandez, Anna Gaulton, Anne Hersey, Jayme Holmes, Lars Juhl Jensen, Anneli Karlsson, Guixia Liu, Avi Ma'ayan, Geetha Mandava, Subramani Mani, Saurabh Mehta, John Overington, Juhee Patel, Andrew D Rouillard, Stephan Schürer, Timothy Sheils, Anton Simeonov, Larry A Sklar, Noel Southall, Oleg Ursu, Dusica Vidovic, Anna Waller, Jeremy Yang, Ajit Jadhav, Tudor I Oprea, Rajarshi Guha
The 'druggable genome' encompasses several protein families, but only a subset of targets within them have attracted significant research attention and thus have information about them publicly available. The Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG) program was initiated in 2014, has the goal of developing experimental techniques and a Knowledge Management Center (KMC) that would collect and organize information about protein targets from four families, representing the most common druggable targets with an emphasis on understudied proteins...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836996/quality-agencies-at-the-global-level-characteristics-and-functions-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Pedro J Saturno Hernández, María Fernández Elorriaga, Ofelia Poblano Verástegui, José De Jesús Vértiz Ramírez
PURPOSE: To provide a comparative description of the structure, function and activities of quality agencies around the world and describe the published evidence of their impact on the health system. DATA SOURCES: A narrative review was conducted using the information found on websites, articles, books and gray literature in English and Spanish. STUDY SELECTION: The search process included three complementary approaches: (i) websites of agencies, ministries of health and quality-related official institutions; (ii) evaluations, reports, audits or documents regarding quality agencies; and (iii) scientific articles and gray literature found (key word: quality agency) using Ebsco databases...
November 10, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789874/a-web-based-knowledge-management-system-integrating-western-and-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-relational-medical-diagnosis
#9
Maria C Herrera-Hernandez, Susana K Lai-Yuen, Les A Piegl, Xiao Zhang
This article presents the design of a web-based knowledge management system as a training and research tool for the exploration of key relationships between Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine, in order to facilitate relational medical diagnosis integrating these mainstream healing modalities. The main goal of this system is to facilitate decision-making processes, while developing skills and creating new medical knowledge. Traditional Chinese Medicine can be considered as an ancient relational knowledge-based approach, focusing on balancing interrelated human functions to reach a healthy state...
October 26, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785590/role-of-knowledge-management-in-development-and-lifecycle-management-of-biopharmaceuticals
#10
REVIEW
Anurag S Rathore, Oscar Fabián Garcia-Aponte, Aydin Golabgir, Bibiana Margarita Vallejo-Diaz, Christoph Herwig
Knowledge Management (KM) is a key enabler for achieving quality in a lifecycle approach for production of biopharmaceuticals. Due to the important role that it plays towards successful implementation of Quality by Design (QbD), an analysis of KM solutions is needed. This work provides a comprehensive review of the interface between KM and QbD-driven biopharmaceutical production systems as perceived by academic as well as industrial viewpoints. A comprehensive set of 356 publications addressing the applications of KM tools to QbD-related tasks were screened and a query to gather industrial inputs from 17 major biopharmaceutical organizations was performed...
February 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777614/knowledge-evaluation-in-dementia-care-networks-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-knowledge-evaluation-strategies-and-the-success-of-informing-family-caregivers-about-dementia-support-services
#11
Steffen Heinrich, Franziska Laporte Uribe, Markus Wübbeler, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Martina Roes
BACKGROUND: In general, most people with dementia living in the community are served by family caregivers at home. A similar situation is found in Germany. One primary goal of dementia care networks is to provide information on support services available to these caregiving relatives of people with dementia via knowledge management. The evaluation of knowledge management tools and processes for dementia care networks is relevant to their performance in successfully achieving information goals...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757183/investigating-knowledge-management-status-among-faculty-members-of-kerman-university-of-medical-sciences-based-on-the-nonaka-model-in-2015
#12
Leila Vali, Azar Izadi, Yunes Jahani, Maryam Okhovati
INTRODUCTION: Education and research are two major functions of universities, which require proper and systematic exploitation of available knowledge and information. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the knowledge management status in an education system by considering the function of faculty members in creation and dissemination of knowledge. This study was conducted to investigate the knowledge management status among faculty members of the Kerman University of Medical Sciences based on the Nonaka and Takeuchi models in 2015...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714892/the-partners-in-health-scale-for-older-adults-design-and-examination-of-its-psychometric-properties-in-a-dutch-population-of-older-adults
#13
Karin Veldman, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Maarten M H Lahr, Ronald J Uittenbroek, Klaske Wynia
BACKGROUND: Self-management is an important asset in helping older adults remain independent and in control for as long as possible. There is no reliable and valid measurement instrument to evaluate self-management behaviour of older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to design a measurement instrument, that is the Partners in Health scale for older adults (PIH-OA), to assess self-management knowledge and behaviour of community-living older adults and to examine its psychometric properties in a Dutch context...
October 7, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708490/designing-and-implementation-of-fuzzy-case-based-reasoning-system-on-android-platform-using-electronic-discharge-summary-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-diseases
#14
Shahram Tahmasebian, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Marjan Ghazisaeidi, Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh
INTRODUCTION: Case-based reasoning (CBR) systems are one of the effective methods to find the nearest solution to the current problems. These systems are used in various spheres as well as industry, business, and economy. The medical field is not an exception in this regard, and these systems are nowadays used in the various aspects of diagnosis and treatment. METHODOLOGY: In this study, the effective parameters were first extracted from the structured discharge summary prepared for patients with chronic kidney diseases based on data mining method...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681149/leadership-emergence-the-application-of-the-cynefin-framework-during-a-bio-social-hiv-aids-risk-reduction-pilot
#15
Christopher J Burman, Marota A Aphane
This article focuses on the utility of a knowledge management heuristic called the Cynefin framework, which was applied during an ongoing pilot intervention in the Limpopo province, South Africa. The intervention aimed to identify and then consolidate low-cost, innovative bio-social responses to reinforce the biomedical opportunities that now have the potential to "end AIDS by 2030″. The Cynefin framework is designed to enable leaders to identify specific decision-making domain typologies as a mechanism to maximise the effectiveness of leadership responses to both opportunities and challenges that emerge during interventions...
September 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665124/from-science-to-action-principles-for-undertaking-environmental-research-that-enables-knowledge-exchange-and-evidence-based-decision-making
#16
C Cvitanovic, J McDonald, A J Hobday
Effective conservation requires knowledge exchange among scientists and decision-makers to enable learning and support evidence-based decision-making. Efforts to improve knowledge exchange have been hindered by a paucity of empirically-grounded guidance to help scientists and practitioners design and implement research programs that actively facilitate knowledge exchange. To address this, we evaluated the Ningaloo Research Program (NRP), which was designed to generate new scientific knowledge to support evidence-based decisions about the management of the Ningaloo Marine Park in north-western Australia...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652093/the-study-of-knowledge-management-capability-and-organizational-effectiveness-in-taiwanese-public-utility-the-mediator-role-of-organizational-commitment
#17
Chia-Nan Chiu, Huei-Huang Chen
Many studies on the significance of knowledge management (KM) in the business world have been performed in recent years. Public sector KM is a research area of growing importance. Findings show that few authors specialize in the field and there are several obstacles to developing a cohesive body of literature. In order to examine their effect of the knowledge management capability [which consists of knowledge infrastructure capability (KIC) and knowledge process capability (KPC)] and organizational effectiveness (OE), this study conducted structural equation modeling to test the hypotheses with 302 questionnaires of Taipei Water Department staffs in Taiwan...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646845/pharmacological-neuroenhancement-teachers-knowledge-and-attitudes-results-from-a-survey-study-among-teachers-in-germany
#18
Andreas G Franke, Sophie Lehmberg, Michael Soyka
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) is a topic of increasing importance. Its prevalence rates range from 1 % to more than 20 %. Students are a group that shows exceptionally high prevalence rates. However, little is known about teachers' knowledge, management, attitudes and ethical judgements regarding PN. METHODS: A web-based survey containing 40 closed questions was developed. All teachers working at all private and public schools in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a state in northeastern Germany, were invited to participate after their respective school offices were contacted by telephone, email and mail...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617942/mucin-in-the-dermis-a-case-of-tender-tumors
#19
Gina J Ferris, Gina P Spohn, Alejandro Gru, Jessica Kaffenberger
We present an original case report of a 45-year-old woman with a five-month history of sporadic, tender, nodules present on the right upper abdomen, bilateral dorsal wrists, right upper arm, and left flank. Biopsy revealed a mild perivascular infiltrate, increased dermal mucin, and no significant increase in fibroblasts. Presentation and histology were most consistent with nodular lichen myxedematosus (NLM), a rare primary mucinosis. Only four previous cases are reported in the literature to our knowledge. Management of NLM and other subtypes of lichen myxedematosus is not well described...
August 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594141/policymaking-through-healthcare-registries-in-sweden
#20
Mattias Örnerheim
Healthcare registries, otherwise known in Sweden as national quality registries (NQRs), have progressed from being a patient-focused system supporting medical results to become the basis of a health policy steering instrument called regional comparisons (RCs). This article seeks to explain RCs as an unintended consequence of the NQR development, by utilizing the concepts of policy entrepreneurs and streams of impact: the problem stream (problem perceived), the policy stream (what is valid), and the political stream (governmental objectives)...
September 4, 2016: Health Promotion International
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