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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922967/contemporary-hiv-aids-research-insights-from-knowledge-management-theory
#1
Chris William Callaghan
Knowledge management as a field is concerned with the management of knowledge, including the management of knowledge in research processes. Knowledge management theory has the potential to support research into problems such as HIV, antibiotic resistance and others, particularly in terms of aspects of scientific research related to the contribution of social science. To date, however, these challenges remain with us, and theoretical contributions that can complement natural science efforts to eradicate these problems are needed...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887856/cassava-brown-streak-disease-historical-timeline-current-knowledge-and-future-prospects
#2
REVIEW
Katie R Tomlinson, Andy M Bailey, Titus Alicai, Sue Seal, Gary D Foster
Cassava is the second most important staple food crop in terms of per capita calories consumed in Africa and holds potential for climate change adaptation. Unfortunately, productivity in East and Central Africa is severely constrained by two viral diseases: cassava mosaic disease (CMD) and cassava brown streak disease (CBSD). CBSD was first reported in 1936 from northeast Tanzania. For approximately seventy years CBSD was restricted to coastal East Africa and so had a relatively low impact on food security compared to CMD...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886088/an-empirical-research-on-relationships-between-subjective-judgement-technology-acceptance-tendency-and-knowledge-transfer
#3
Yu-Hsi Yuan, Sang-Bing Tsai, Chien-Yun Dai, Hsiao-Ming Chen, Wan-Fei Chen, Chia-Huei Wu, Guodong Li, Jiangtao Wang
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among employees' usage intention pertaining to mobile information devices, focusing on subjective judgement, technology acceptance tendency, information sharing behavior and information transfer. A research model was established to verify several hypotheses. The research model based on integrated concepts of knowledge management and technology acceptance modeling. Participants were employees of enterprises in Taiwan, selected by combining snowball and convenience sampling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885592/a-tailored-ontology-supporting-sensor-implementation-for-the-maintenance-of-industrial-machines
#4
Elaheh Maleki, Farouk Belkadi, Mathieu Ritou, Alain Bernard
The longtime productivity of an industrial machine is improved by condition-based maintenance strategies. To do this, the integration of sensors and other cyber-physical devices is necessary in order to capture and analyze a machine's condition through its lifespan. Thus, choosing the best sensor is a critical step to ensure the efficiency of the maintenance process. Indeed, considering the variety of sensors, and their features and performance, a formal classification of a sensor's domain knowledge is crucial...
September 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883196/from-a-content-delivery-portal-to-a-knowledge-management-system-for-standardized-cancer-documentation
#5
Danijela Schlue, Sebastian Mate, Jörg Haier, Dennis Kadioglu, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Bernhard Breil
Heterogeneous tumor documentation and its challenges of interpretation of medical terms lead to problems in analyses of data from clinical and epidemiological cancer registries. The objective of this project was to design, implement and improve a national content delivery portal for oncological terms. Data elements of existing handbooks and documentation sources were analyzed, combined and summarized by medical experts of different comprehensive cancer centers. Informatics experts created a generic data model based on an existing metadata repository...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880046/clinical-decisions-support-malfunctions-in-a-commercial-electronic-health-record
#6
Steven Z Kassakian, Thomas R Yackel, Paul N Gorman, David A Dorr
OBJECTIVES: Determine if clinical decision support (CDS) malfunctions occur in a commercial electronic health record (EHR) system, characterize their pathways and describe methods of detection. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the firing rate for 226 alert type CDS rules for detection of anomalies using both expert visualization and statistical process control (SPC) methods over a five year period. Candidate anomalies were investigated and validated. RESULTS: Twenty-one candidate CDS anomalies were identified from 8,300 alert-months...
September 6, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730532/survey-of-primary-care-providers-knowledge-of-screening-for-diagnosing-and-managing-prediabetes
#7
Eva Tseng, Raquel C Greer, Paul O'Rourke, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Maura M McGuire, Jeanne M Clark, Nisa M Maruthur
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes affects 86 million US adults, but primary care providers' (PCPs') knowledge, practices, attitudes and beliefs toward prediabetes are unclear. OBJECTIVE: Assess PCPs' (1) knowledge of risk factors that should prompt prediabetes screening, laboratory criteria for diagnosing prediabetes and guidelines for management of prediabetes; (2) management practices around prediabetes; (3) attitudes and beliefs about prediabetes. DESIGN: Self-administered written survey of PCPs...
July 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697849/post-market-surveillance-in-the-german-medical-device-sector-current-state-and-future-perspectives
#8
Claus Zippel, Sabine Bohnet-Joschko
Medical devices play a central role in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases but also bring the potential for adverse events, hazards or malfunction with serious consequences for patients and users. Medical device manufacturers are therefore required by law to monitor the performance of medical devices that have been approved by the competent authorities (post market surveillance). Conducting a nationwide online-survey in the German medical device sector in Q2/2014 in order to explore the current status of the use of post market instruments we obtained a total of 118 complete data sets, for a return rate of 36%...
June 24, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664275/barriers-to-secondary-fracture-prevention-in-primary-care
#9
A S Mendis, K Ganda, M J Seibel
This study of current osteoporosis management patterns in general practice found that the majority of patients presenting to their local health practitioner with a recent low-trauma fracture was not managed appropriately. The analysis demonstrated that failure to investigate was highly predictive of failure to treat and that one of the major barriers to effective osteoporosis management is a lack of specific knowledge about who to investigate and treat. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporotic fractures are associated with significant morbidity and mortality...
June 29, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627321/diabetes-knowledge-management-and-prevention-among-haitian-immigrants-in-philadelphia
#10
Rhoda K Moise, Donaldson F Conserve, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Lori A Francis, Rhonda BeLue
Purpose Guided by the PEN-3 Cultural Model, the purpose of this study is to generate culturally framed insight into diabetes knowledge, management, and prevention among Haitians. Despite the disproportionate distribution of type II diabetes mellitus among US minorities, limited research explores outcomes within racial ethnic groups. It is particularly important to disaggregate the large racial-ethnic groups of black given the population growth among foreign-born blacks, such as Haitians, whose population has more than quadrupled in recent decades...
August 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620489/organizational-knowledge-and-capabilities-in-healthcare-deconstructing-and-integrating-diverse-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Jenna M Evans, Adalsteinn Brown, G Ross Baker
Diverse concepts and bodies of work exist in the academic literature to guide research and practice on organizational knowledge and capabilities. However, these concepts have largely developed in parallel with minimal cross-fertilization, particularly in the healthcare domain. This contributes to confusion regarding conceptual boundaries and relationships, and to a lack of application of potentially useful evidence. The aim of this article is to assess three concepts associated with organizational knowledge content-intellectual capital, organizational core competencies, and dynamic capabilities-and to propose an agenda for future research...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580645/a-systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-knowledge-management-and-the-nurse-leaders-role
#12
Anne Lunden, Marianne Teräs, Tarja Kvist, Arja Häggman-Laitila
AIM: To describe factors facilitating or inhibiting the development of registered nurses' competency and nurse leader's role in knowledge management. BACKGROUND: Nurses' competency directly influences patient safety and the quality and effectiveness of patient care. Challenges of nurse leaders in knowledge management include acquiring, assessing and utilising current knowledge and assessing and enhancing competency. EVALUATION: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, SCOPUS and ERIC databases in April 2015...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580127/improving-agricultural-knowledge-management-the-agtrials-experience
#13
Glenn Hyman, Herlin Espinosa, Paola Camargo, David Abreu, Medha Devare, Elizabeth Arnaud, Cheryl Porter, Leroy Mwanzia, Kai Sonder, Sibiry Traore
Background: Opportunities to use data and information to address challenges in international agricultural research and development are expanding rapidly. The use of agricultural trial and evaluation data has enormous potential to improve crops and management practices. However, for a number of reasons, this potential has yet to be realized. This paper reports on the experience of the AgTrials initiative, an effort to build an online database of agricultural trials applying principles of interoperability and open access...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545611/knowledge-graph-for-tcm-health-preservation-design-construction-and-applications
#14
Tong Yu, Jinghua Li, Qi Yu, Ye Tian, Xiaofeng Shun, Lili Xu, Ling Zhu, Hongjie Gao
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is one of the important non-material cultural heritages of the Chinese nation. It is an important development strategy of Chinese medicine to collect, analyzes, and manages the knowledge assets of TCM health care. As a novel and massive knowledge management technology, knowledge graph provides an ideal technical means to solve the problem of "Knowledge Island" in the field of traditional Chinese medicine. In this study, we construct a large-scale knowledge graph, which integrates terms, documents, databases and other knowledge resources...
March 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489282/collaborative-writing-applications-in-healthcare-effects-on-professional-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Patrick M Archambault, Tom H van de Belt, Craig Kuziemsky, Ariane Plaisance, Audrey Dupuis, Carrie A McGinn, Rebecca Francois, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Alexis F Turgeon, Tanya Horsley, William Witteman, Julien Poitras, Jean Lapointe, Kevin Brand, Jean Lachaine, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: Collaborative writing applications (CWAs), such as wikis and Google Documents, hold the potential to improve the use of evidence in both public health and healthcare. Although a growing body of literature indicates that CWAs could have positive effects on healthcare, such as improved collaboration, behavioural change, learning, knowledge management, and adaptation of knowledge to local context, this has never been assessed systematically. Moreover, several questions regarding safety, reliability, and legal aspects exist...
May 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488806/knowledge-management-in-healthcare-libraries-the-current-picture
#16
EDITORIAL
Emily Hopkins
Knowledge management has seen something of a resurgence in attention amongst health librarians recently. Of course it has never ceased to exist, but now many library staff are becoming more involved in organisational knowledge management, and positioning themselves as key players in the sphere. No single model of knowledge management is proliferating, but approaches that best fit the organisation's size, structure and culture, and a blending of evidence based practice and knowledge sharing. Whatever it is called and whatever models are used, it's clear that for librarians and information professionals, the importance of putting knowledge and evidence into practice, sharing knowledge well and capturing it effectively, are still what we will continue to do...
June 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482774/managerial-strategies-to-make-incentives-meaningful-and-motivating
#17
Sara Korlén, Anna Essén, Peter Lindgren, Isis Amer-Wahlin, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz
Purpose Policy makers are applying market-inspired competition and financial incentives to drive efficiency in healthcare. However, a lack of knowledge exists about the process whereby incentives are filtered through organizations to influence staff motivation, and the key role of managers is often overlooked. The purpose of this paper is to explore the strategies managers use as intermediaries between financial incentives and the individual motivation of staff. The authors use empirical data from a local case in Swedish specialized care...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480173/looking-through-a-social-lens-conceptualising-social-aspects-of-knowledge-management-for-global-health-practitioners
#18
Rupali J Limaye, Tara M Sullivan, Scott Dalessandro, Ann Hendrix Jenkins
Knowledge management plays a critical role in global health. Global health practitioners require knowledge in every aspect of their jobs, and in resource-scarce contexts, practitioners must be able to rely on a knowledge management system to access the latest research and practice to ensure the highest quality of care. However, we suggest that there is a gap in the way knowledge management is primarily utilized in global health, namely, the systematic incorporation of human and social factors. In this paper, we briefly outline the evolution of knowledge management and then propose a conceptualization of knowledge management that incorporates human and social factors for use within a global health context...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453101/-conceptualization-of-knowledge-management-in-medium-and-high-complexity-health-institutions
#19
Gladys I Arboleda-Posada
Objective To identify the familiarization, conceptualization and incorporation of employees of medium and high complexity health institutions in the Valle de Aburrá, Colombia into the strategic knowledge management platform in 2011. Methodology Cross sectional study. The study was carried out by applying surveys to 224 employees to assess knowledge management. The population included staff who working in the Health Providing Institutions (IPS) of high (52) and medium complexity (322) in the Valle de Aburrá in 2011...
June 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453097/-description-of-the-process-of-preparation-and-response-of-local-health-authorities-facing-the-introduction-of-the-chikungunya-virus-in-colombia-2014
#20
Ángela P Alarcón-Cruz, Edgar Prieto-Suárez
Objective To describe the process of preparation and response of local health authorities in key public health issues while facing the introduction stage of an unusual virus: Chikungunya in Colombia in 2014. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted using a survey that was developed for this study and sent to Public Health coordinators and to the person in charge of vector borne-diseases in the country's territorial entities. Results 23 out of the 35 territories at risk from the transmission of Chikungunya agreed to answer the survey...
June 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
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