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"Knowledge management"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733722/patient-centered-precision-health-in-a-learning-health-care-system-geisinger-s-genomic-medicine-experience
#1
Marc S Williams, Adam H Buchanan, F Daniel Davis, W Andrew Faucett, Miranda L G Hallquist, Joseph B Leader, Christa L Martin, Cara Z McCormick, Michelle N Meyer, Michael F Murray, Alanna K Rahm, Marci L B Schwartz, Amy C Sturm, Jennifer K Wagner, Janet L Williams, Huntington F Willard, David H Ledbetter
Health care delivery is increasingly influenced by the emerging concepts of precision health and the learning health care system. Although not synonymous with precision health, genomics is a key enabler of individualized care. Delivering patient-centered, genomics-informed care based on individual-level data in the current national landscape of health care delivery is a daunting challenge. Problems to overcome include data generation, analysis, storage, and transfer; knowledge management and representation for patients and providers at the point of care; process management; and outcomes definition, collection, and analysis...
May 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703316/the-challenges-and-opportunities-in-leading-a-multi-campus-university
#2
Susan L Groenwald
Leadership in higher education on the best of days is complex and challenging due to the many competing internal and external demands and constituents. In today's climate of decreased funding, dwindling enrollments and political debate over the value of higher education, the higher education leader is often in the crossfires of debate and conflict. Nursing education leaders have the added requirement of protecting the public safety by graduating competent and safe practitioners. The role of the higher education leader is even more complex when the institution has multiple campuses, whether within one state or across states...
March 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669705/diabetes-related-behavior-change-knowledge-transfer-to-primary-care-practitioners-and-patients-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-digital-health-platform
#3
Samina Abidi, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Syed Ali Imran, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
BACKGROUND: Behavioral science is now being integrated into diabetes self-management interventions. However, the challenge that presents itself is how to translate these knowledge resources during care so that primary care practitioners can use them to offer evidence-informed behavior change support and diabetes management recommendations to patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a computerized decision support platform called "Diabetes Web-Centric Information and Support Environment" (DWISE) that assists primary care practitioners in applying standardized behavior change strategies and clinical practice guidelines-based recommendations to an individual patient and empower the patient with the skills and knowledge required to self-manage their diabetes through planned, personalized, and pervasive behavior change strategies...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668498/development-of-the-canadian-nurse-informatics-competency-assessment-scale-and-evaluation-of-alberta-s-registered-nurses-self-perceived-informatics-competencies
#4
Manal Kleib, Lynn Nagle
In today's digitally enabled healthcare environment, it is vitally important to assess Canadian nurses' competency in informatics. The researchers developed the Canadian Nurse Informatics Competency Assessment Scale, a 21-item comprehensive measure based on entry-to-practice informatics competencies for registered nurses, to facilitate assessment of informatics competencies and consequent, planning of formal and continuing education in informatics. The Canadian Nurse Informatics Competency Assessment Scale was used in a cross-sectional survey to determine self-perceived informatics competencies for Alberta's practicing nurses...
April 18, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653352/online-molecular-image-repository-and-analysis-system-a-multicenter-collaborative-open-source-infrastructure-for-molecular-imaging-research-and-application
#5
Mahabubur Rahman, Hiroshi Watabe
Molecular imaging serves as an important tool for researchers and clinicians to visualize and investigate complex biochemical phenomena using specialized instruments; these instruments are either used individually or in combination with targeted imaging agents to obtain images related to specific diseases with high sensitivity, specificity, and signal-to-noise ratios. However, molecular imaging, which is a multidisciplinary research field, faces several challenges, including the integration of imaging informatics with bioinformatics and medical informatics, requirement of reliable and robust image analysis algorithms, effective quality control of imaging facilities, and those related to individualized disease mapping, data sharing, software architecture, and knowledge management...
April 4, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596068/factors-associated-with-canadian-nurses-informatics-competency
#6
Manal Kleib, Lynn Nagle
As digital innovations continue to transform health systems in Canada, it is important to examine registered nurses' preparedness in informatics, and factors associated with informatics competency. An exploratory, descriptive, cross-sectional survey was used to determine self-perceived informatics competencies, and factors associated with competency, among practicing nurses in Alberta. Results from 2844 completed surveys showed that nurses' self-perceived informatics competency was slightly above the mark of competent...
March 28, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580313/the-changing-nature-of-modernization-discourses-in-documentary-films
#7
Carlos Tabernero
Argument Franco's fascist regime in Spain (1939-1975) offers the possibility of exploring the complex relationship between media communication practices and the processes of production, circulation, and management of knowledge. The regime persistently used film, and later on television, as indoctrination and disciplining devices. These media thus served to shape the regime's representation, which largely relied on the generation of positive attitudes of adherence to the rulers through people's submission and obedience to experts...
March 2018: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543794/a-graphical-and-computational-modeling-platform-for-biological-pathways
#8
Alessandra Livigni, Laura O'Hara, Marta E Polak, Tim Angus, Derek W Wright, Lee B Smith, Tom C Freeman
A major endeavor of systems biology is the construction of graphical and computational models of biological pathways as a means to better understand their structure and function. Here, we present a protocol for a biologist-friendly graphical modeling scheme that facilitates the construction of detailed network diagrams, summarizing the components of a biological pathway (such as proteins and biochemicals) and illustrating how they interact. These diagrams can then be used to simulate activity flow through a pathway, thereby modeling its dynamic behavior...
April 2018: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543366/predicting-the-cumulative-effect-of-multiple-disturbances-on-seagrass-connectivity
#9
Alana Grech, Emmanuel Hanert, Len McKenzie, Michael Rasheed, Christopher Thomas, Samantha Tol, Mingzhu Wang, Michelle Waycott, Jolan Wolter, Rob Coles
The rate of exchange, or connectivity, among populations effects their ability to recover after disturbance events. However, there is limited information on the extent to which populations are connected or how multiple disturbances affect connectivity, especially in coastal and marine ecosystems. We used network analysis and the outputs of a biophysical model to measure potential functional connectivity and predict the impact of multiple disturbances on seagrasses in the central Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA), Australia...
March 15, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531475/using-an-assessment-tool-to-further-tobacco-control-accomplishment-in-thailand
#10
Naowarut Charoenca, Nipapun Kungskulniti, Duangkamon Sritabutra, Siriwan Pitayarangsarit, Stephen L Hamann
Background: Because implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), a World Health Organization (WHO) treaty to reduce tobacco use, is an important goal of the 2015 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Thailand has sought to fully comply with all its articles, a multiperspective assessment was developed to ensure that any gaps in compliance with FCTC provisions were identified and addressed. Method: One assessment mechanism of this multicomponent assessment was the development by experts and use by stakeholders of a 3-tiered rating of all major provisions of the main articles of the FCTC...
2018: Tobacco Use Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514547/managing-professional-knowledge-boundaries-during-echo-telementoring-consultations-in-two-veterans-affairs-specialty-care-liver-clinics-a-theme-oriented-discourse-analysis
#11
Christopher J Koenig, Matthew Wenger, Glenn D Graham, Steven Asch, Catherine Rongey
Introduction Consultations are the traditional method of communication between generalist and specialist providers managing patients with specialty care needs. Traditional written consultations have limitations, including inadequate clinical information and inappropriate, or unclear consultation questions. Teleconsultations minimize these limitations through real-time communication between generalist and specialist providers to actively manage professional knowledge boundaries about specialty care problems...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505700/the-association-between-patient-professional-partnerships-and-self-management-of-chronic-back-pain-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Y Fu, G Yu, E McNichol, K Marczewski, S J Closs
BACKGROUND: Self-management is recommended for patients with chronic back pain. Health professionals' support for self-management can be more effective when working in partnership with patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between patient-professional partnerships and the self-management of chronic back pain. METHODS: An explanatory sequential mixed methods study was undertaken. Adults with chronic back pain referred to pain management clinics participated at baseline and 3-month follow-up...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482119/etriks-platform-conception-and-operation-of-a-highly-scalable-cloud-based-platform-for-translational-research-and-applications-development
#13
Justin Bussery, Leslie-Alexandre Denis, Benjamin Guillon, Pengfeï Liu, Gino Marchetti, Ghita Rahal
We describe the genesis, design and evolution of a computing platform designed and built to improve the success rate of biomedical translational research. The eTRIKS project platform was developed with the aim of building a platform that can securely host heterogeneous types of data and provide an optimal environment to run tranSMART analytical applications. Many types of data can now be hosted, including multi-OMICS data, preclinical laboratory data and clinical information, including longitudinal data sets...
April 1, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472638/unexplored-therapeutic-opportunities-in-the-human-genome
#14
REVIEW
Tudor I Oprea, Cristian G Bologa, Søren Brunak, Allen Campbell, Gregory N Gan, Anna Gaulton, Shawn M Gomez, Rajarshi Guha, Anne Hersey, Jayme Holmes, Ajit Jadhav, Lars Juhl Jensen, Gary L Johnson, Anneli Karlson, Andrew R Leach, Avi Ma'ayan, Anna Malovannaya, Subramani Mani, Stephen L Mathias, Michael T McManus, Terrence F Meehan, Christian von Mering, Daniel Muthas, Dac-Trung Nguyen, John P Overington, George Papadatos, Jun Qin, Christian Reich, Bryan L Roth, Stephan C Schürer, Anton Simeonov, Larry A Sklar, Noel Southall, Susumu Tomita, Ilinca Tudose, Oleg Ursu, Dušica Vidovic, Anna Waller, David Westergaard, Jeremy J Yang, Gergely Zahoránszky-Köhalmi
A large proportion of biomedical research and the development of therapeutics is focused on a small fraction of the human genome. In a strategic effort to map the knowledge gaps around proteins encoded by the human genome and to promote the exploration of currently understudied, but potentially druggable, proteins, the US National Institutes of Health launched the Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG) initiative in 2014. In this article, we discuss how the systematic collection and processing of a wide array of genomic, proteomic, chemical and disease-related resource data by the IDG Knowledge Management Center have enabled the development of evidence-based criteria for tracking the target development level (TDL) of human proteins, which indicates a substantial knowledge deficit for approximately one out of three proteins in the human proteome...
May 2018: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466516/-infoxication-in-health-health-information-overload-on-the-internet-and-the-risk-of-important-information-becoming-invisible
#15
Marcelo D Agostino, Felipe Medina Mejía, Myrna Martí, David Novillo-Ortiz, Flavio Hazrum, Federico G de Cosío
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) raise awareness of the volume of quality health information on the Internet; 2) explore perceptions of information professionals with regard to the use of qualified sources for health decision-making; and 3) make recommendations that facilitate strengthening health worker capacities and institutional competencies related to digital literacy. METHODS: A non-experimental, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probability sample of 32 information professionals from nine countries...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441445/promoting-ethics-and-integrity-in-management-academic-research-retraction-initiative
#16
REVIEW
Freida Ozavize Ayodele, Liu Yao, Hasnah Haron
In the management academic research, academic advancement, job security, and the securing of research funds at one's university are judged mainly by one's output of publications in high impact journals. With bogus resumes filled with published journal articles, universities and other allied institutions are keen to recruit or sustain the appointment of such academics. This often places undue pressure on aspiring academics and on those already recruited to engage in research misconduct which often leads to research integrity...
February 13, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409528/approaches-towards-improving-the-quality-of-maternal-and-newborn-health-services-in-south-asia-challenges-and-opportunities-for-healthcare-systems
#17
REVIEW
Naeem Uddin Mian, Muhammad Adeel Alvi, Mariam Zahid Malik, Sarosh Iqbal, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Shehzad Hussain Awan, Faryal Shahid, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry, Florian Fischer
BACKGROUND: South Asia is experiencing a dismal state of maternal and newborn health (MNH) as the region has been falling behind in reducing the levels of maternal and neonatal mortality. Most of the efforts are focused on enhancing coverage of MNH services; however, quality remains a serious concern if the region is to achieve expected outcomes in terms of standardised MNH services within healthcare delivery systems. This research consists of a review of South Asian quality improvement (QI) approaches/interventions, specifically implemented for MNH improvement...
February 6, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401030/road-map-for-diffusion-of-innovation-in-health-care
#18
E Andrew Balas, Wendy W Chapman
New scientific knowledge and innovation are often slow to disseminate. In other cases, providers rush into adopting what appears to be a clinically relevant innovation, based on a single clinical trial. In reality, adopting innovations without appropriate translation and repeated testing of practical application is problematic. In this article we provide examples of clinical innovations (for example, tight glucose control in critically ill patients) that were adopted inappropriately and that caused what we term a malfunction...
February 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360697/the-public-health-community-platform-electronic-case-reporting-and-the-digital-bridge
#19
Mary Ann Cooney, Michael F Iademarco, Monica Huang, William R MacKenzie, Arthur J Davidson
At the intersection of new technology advancements, ever-changing health policy, and fiscal constraints, public health agencies seek to leverage modern technical innovations and benefit from a more comprehensive and cooperative approach to transforming public health, health care, and other data into action. State health agencies recognized a way to advance population health was to integrate public health with clinical health data through electronic infectious disease case reporting. The Public Health Community Platform (PHCP) concept of bidirectional data flow and knowledge management became the foundation to build a cloud-based system connecting electronic health records to public health data for a select initial set of notifiable conditions...
March 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347997/openbiodiv-o-ontology-of-the-openbiodiv-knowledge-management-system
#20
Viktor Senderov, Kiril Simov, Nico Franz, Pavel Stoev, Terry Catapano, Donat Agosti, Guido Sautter, Robert A Morris, Lyubomir Penev
BACKGROUND: The biodiversity domain, and in particular biological taxonomy, is moving in the direction of semantization of its research outputs. The present work introduces OpenBiodiv-O, the ontology that serves as the basis of the OpenBiodiv Knowledge Management System. Our intent is to provide an ontology that fills the gaps between ontologies for biodiversity resources, such as DarwinCore-based ontologies, and semantic publishing ontologies, such as the SPAR Ontologies. We bridge this gap by providing an ontology focusing on biological taxonomy...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
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