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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919392/knowledge-management-systems-success-in-healthcare-leadership-matters
#1
Nor'ashikin Ali, Alexei Tretiakov, Dick Whiddett, Inga Hunter
PURPOSE: To deliver high-quality healthcare doctors need to access, interpret, and share appropriate and localised medical knowledge. Information technology is widely used to facilitate the management of this knowledge in healthcare organisations. The purpose of this study is to develop a knowledge management systems success model for healthcare organisations. METHOD: A model was formulated by extending an existing generic knowledge management systems success model by including organisational and system factors relevant to healthcare...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903890/pharos-collating-protein-information-to-shed-light-on-the-druggable-genome
#2
Dac-Trung Nguyen, Stephen Mathias, Cristian Bologa, Soren Brunak, Nicolas Fernandez, Anna Gaulton, Anne Hersey, Jayme Holmes, Lars Juhl Jensen, Anneli Karlsson, Guixia Liu, Avi Ma'ayan, Geetha Mandava, Subramani Mani, Saurabh Mehta, John Overington, Juhee Patel, Andrew D Rouillard, Stephan Schürer, Timothy Sheils, Anton Simeonov, Larry A Sklar, Noel Southall, Oleg Ursu, Dusica Vidovic, Anna Waller, Jeremy Yang, Ajit Jadhav, Tudor I Oprea, Rajarshi Guha
The 'druggable genome' encompasses several protein families, but only a subset of targets within them have attracted significant research attention and thus have information about them publicly available. The Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG) program was initiated in 2014, has the goal of developing experimental techniques and a Knowledge Management Center (KMC) that would collect and organize information about protein targets from four families, representing the most common druggable targets with an emphasis on understudied proteins...
November 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836996/quality-agencies-at-the-global-level-characteristics-and-functions-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Pedro J Saturno Hernández, María Fernández Elorriaga, Ofelia Poblano Verástegui, José De Jesús Vértiz Ramírez
PURPOSE: To provide a comparative description of the structure, function and activities of quality agencies around the world and describe the published evidence of their impact on the health system. DATA SOURCES: A narrative review was conducted using the information found on websites, articles, books and gray literature in English and Spanish. STUDY SELECTION: The search process included three complementary approaches: (i) websites of agencies, ministries of health and quality-related official institutions; (ii) evaluations, reports, audits or documents regarding quality agencies; and (iii) scientific articles and gray literature found (key word: quality agency) using Ebsco databases...
November 10, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789874/a-web-based-knowledge-management-system-integrating-western-and-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-relational-medical-diagnosis
#4
Maria C Herrera-Hernandez, Susana K Lai-Yuen, Les A Piegl, Xiao Zhang
This article presents the design of a web-based knowledge management system as a training and research tool for the exploration of key relationships between Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine, in order to facilitate relational medical diagnosis integrating these mainstream healing modalities. The main goal of this system is to facilitate decision-making processes, while developing skills and creating new medical knowledge. Traditional Chinese Medicine can be considered as an ancient relational knowledge-based approach, focusing on balancing interrelated human functions to reach a healthy state...
October 26, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785590/role-of-knowledge-management-in-development-and-lifecycle-management-of-biopharmaceuticals
#5
REVIEW
Anurag S Rathore, Oscar Fabián Garcia-Aponte, Aydin Golabgir, Bibiana Margarita Vallejo-Diaz, Christoph Herwig
Knowledge Management (KM) is a key enabler for achieving quality in a lifecycle approach for production of biopharmaceuticals. Due to the important role that it plays towards successful implementation of Quality by Design (QbD), an analysis of KM solutions is needed. This work provides a comprehensive review of the interface between KM and QbD-driven biopharmaceutical production systems as perceived by academic as well as industrial viewpoints. A comprehensive set of 356 publications addressing the applications of KM tools to QbD-related tasks were screened and a query to gather industrial inputs from 17 major biopharmaceutical organizations was performed...
October 26, 2016: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777614/knowledge-evaluation-in-dementia-care-networks-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-knowledge-evaluation-strategies-and-the-success-of-informing-family-caregivers-about-dementia-support-services
#6
Steffen Heinrich, Franziska Laporte Uribe, Markus Wübbeler, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Martina Roes
BACKGROUND: In general, most people with dementia living in the community are served by family caregivers at home. A similar situation is found in Germany. One primary goal of dementia care networks is to provide information on support services available to these caregiving relatives of people with dementia via knowledge management. The evaluation of knowledge management tools and processes for dementia care networks is relevant to their performance in successfully achieving information goals...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757183/investigating-knowledge-management-status-among-faculty-members-of-kerman-university-of-medical-sciences-based-on-the-nonaka-model-in-2015
#7
Leila Vali, Azar Izadi, Yunes Jahani, Maryam Okhovati
INTRODUCTION: Education and research are two major functions of universities, which require proper and systematic exploitation of available knowledge and information. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the knowledge management status in an education system by considering the function of faculty members in creation and dissemination of knowledge. This study was conducted to investigate the knowledge management status among faculty members of the Kerman University of Medical Sciences based on the Nonaka and Takeuchi models in 2015...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714892/the-partners-in-health-scale-for-older-adults-design-and-examination-of-its-psychometric-properties-in-a-dutch-population-of-older-adults
#8
Karin Veldman, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Maarten M H Lahr, Ronald J Uittenbroek, Klaske Wynia
BACKGROUND: Self-management is an important asset in helping older adults remain independent and in control for as long as possible. There is no reliable and valid measurement instrument to evaluate self-management behaviour of older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to design a measurement instrument, that is the Partners in Health scale for older adults (PIH-OA), to assess self-management knowledge and behaviour of community-living older adults and to examine its psychometric properties in a Dutch context...
October 7, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708490/designing-and-implementation-of-fuzzy-case-based-reasoning-system-on-android-platform-using-electronic-discharge-summary-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-diseases
#9
Shahram Tahmasebian, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Marjan Ghazisaeidi, Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh
INTRODUCTION: Case-based reasoning (CBR) systems are one of the effective methods to find the nearest solution to the current problems. These systems are used in various spheres as well as industry, business, and economy. The medical field is not an exception in this regard, and these systems are nowadays used in the various aspects of diagnosis and treatment. METHODOLOGY: In this study, the effective parameters were first extracted from the structured discharge summary prepared for patients with chronic kidney diseases based on data mining method...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681149/leadership-emergence-the-application-of-the-cynefin-framework-during-a-bio-social-hiv-aids-risk-reduction-pilot
#10
Christopher J Burman, Marota A Aphane
This article focuses on the utility of a knowledge management heuristic called the Cynefin framework, which was applied during an ongoing pilot intervention in the Limpopo province, South Africa. The intervention aimed to identify and then consolidate low-cost, innovative bio-social responses to reinforce the biomedical opportunities that now have the potential to "end AIDS by 2030″. The Cynefin framework is designed to enable leaders to identify specific decision-making domain typologies as a mechanism to maximise the effectiveness of leadership responses to both opportunities and challenges that emerge during interventions...
September 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665124/from-science-to-action-principles-for-undertaking-environmental-research-that-enables-knowledge-exchange-and-evidence-based-decision-making
#11
C Cvitanovic, J McDonald, A J Hobday
Effective conservation requires knowledge exchange among scientists and decision-makers to enable learning and support evidence-based decision-making. Efforts to improve knowledge exchange have been hindered by a paucity of empirically-grounded guidance to help scientists and practitioners design and implement research programs that actively facilitate knowledge exchange. To address this, we evaluated the Ningaloo Research Program (NRP), which was designed to generate new scientific knowledge to support evidence-based decisions about the management of the Ningaloo Marine Park in north-western Australia...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652093/the-study-of-knowledge-management-capability-and-organizational-effectiveness-in-taiwanese-public-utility-the-mediator-role-of-organizational-commitment
#12
Chia-Nan Chiu, Huei-Huang Chen
Many studies on the significance of knowledge management (KM) in the business world have been performed in recent years. Public sector KM is a research area of growing importance. Findings show that few authors specialize in the field and there are several obstacles to developing a cohesive body of literature. In order to examine their effect of the knowledge management capability [which consists of knowledge infrastructure capability (KIC) and knowledge process capability (KPC)] and organizational effectiveness (OE), this study conducted structural equation modeling to test the hypotheses with 302 questionnaires of Taipei Water Department staffs in Taiwan...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646845/pharmacological-neuroenhancement-teachers-knowledge-and-attitudes-results-from-a-survey-study-among-teachers-in-germany
#13
Andreas G Franke, Sophie Lehmberg, Michael Soyka
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) is a topic of increasing importance. Its prevalence rates range from 1 % to more than 20 %. Students are a group that shows exceptionally high prevalence rates. However, little is known about teachers' knowledge, management, attitudes and ethical judgements regarding PN. METHODS: A web-based survey containing 40 closed questions was developed. All teachers working at all private and public schools in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a state in northeastern Germany, were invited to participate after their respective school offices were contacted by telephone, email and mail...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617942/mucin-in-the-dermis-a-case-of-tender-tumors
#14
Gina J Ferris, Gina P Spohn, Alejandro Gru, Jessica Kaffenberger
We present an original case report of a 45-year-old woman with a five-month history of sporadic, tender, nodules present on the right upper abdomen, bilateral dorsal wrists, right upper arm, and left flank. Biopsy revealed a mild perivascular infiltrate, increased dermal mucin, and no significant increase in fibroblasts. Presentation and histology were most consistent with nodular lichen myxedematosus (NLM), a rare primary mucinosis. Only four previous cases are reported in the literature to our knowledge. Management of NLM and other subtypes of lichen myxedematosus is not well described...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594141/policymaking-through-healthcare-registries-in-sweden
#15
Mattias Örnerheim
Healthcare registries, otherwise known in Sweden as national quality registries (NQRs), have progressed from being a patient-focused system supporting medical results to become the basis of a health policy steering instrument called regional comparisons (RCs). This article seeks to explain RCs as an unintended consequence of the NQR development, by utilizing the concepts of policy entrepreneurs and streams of impact: the problem stream (problem perceived), the policy stream (what is valid), and the political stream (governmental objectives)...
September 4, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577412/an-ontological-model-of-behaviour-theory-to-generate-personalized-action-plans-to-modify-behaviours
#16
Wasif Baig, Samina Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
Behavior change approaches aim to assist patients in achieving self-efficacy in managing their condition. Social cognitive theory (SCT) stipulates self-efficacy as a central element to behavior change and provides constructs to achieve self-efficacy guided by person-specific action plans. In our work, to administer behaviour change in patient with chronic conditions, our approach entails the computerization of SCT-based self-efficacy constructs in order to generate personalized action plans that are suitable to an individual's current care scenario...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563577/concept-maps-a-tool-for-knowledge-management-and-synthesis-in-web-based-conversational-learning
#17
Ankur Joshi, Satendra Singh, Shivani Jaswal, Dinesh Kumar Badyal, Tejinder Singh
Web-based conversational learning provides an opportunity for shared knowledge base creation through collaboration and collective wisdom extraction. Usually, the amount of generated information in such forums is very huge, multidimensional (in alignment with the desirable preconditions for constructivist knowledge creation), and sometimes, the nature of expected new information may not be anticipated in advance. Thus, concept maps (crafted from constructed data) as "process summary" tools may be a solution to improve critical thinking and learning by making connections between the facts or knowledge shared by the participants during online discussion This exploratory paper begins with the description of this innovation tried on a web-based interacting platform (email list management software), FAIMER-Listserv, and generated qualitative evidence through peer-feedback...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503689/becoming-business-critical-knowledge-for-healthcare
#18
EDITORIAL
Sue Lacey Bryant, David Stewart, Louise Goswami, Maria J Grant
Significant progress has been made in implementing Knowledge for Healthcare. This editorial reports the central contribution of effective partnerships and the involvement of librarians and knowledge specialists in this work. There are compelling business priorities. Key elements of work-streams on demonstrating impact, workforce development and streamlining are indicated, along with areas of growing importance - knowledge management, embedded roles and health information for the public and patients. Knowledge, and the skills to help people to use it, are business critical...
September 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495785/-radiological-knowledge-management-with-the-help-of-departmental-wikis
#19
A Schuster, D Brachthäuser, M Mansour, H Alfke
In times of RIS (radiology information system) and KIS (hospital information system) systems, patient-related data are at the radiologist's disposal at the push of a button. However, this is not the case for other important data. The increasing complexity of modern medicine demands that up-to-date information like protocols, SOPs (Standards of Practice), news and modifications are constantly accessible to all employees. This aspect of quality assurance becomes increasingly important in the context of certification...
September 2016: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488404/health-concept-and-knowledge-management-twenty-five-years-of-evolution
#20
R Cornet, C G Chute
OBJECTIVES: The fields of health terminology, classification, ontology, and related information models have evolved dramatically over the past 25 years. Our objective was to review notable trends, described emerging or enabling technologies, and highlight major terminology systems during the interval. METHODS: We review the progression in health terminology systems informed by our own experiences as part of the community involved in this work, reinforced with literature review and citation...
2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
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