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anesthesia thesis topics

Natalie Løvland Halladin
Ischemia-reperfusion injuries occur when the blood supply to an organ or tissue is temporarily cut-off and then restored. Even though the restoration of blood flow is absolutely essential in preventing tissue death, the reperfusion of oxygenated blood to the oxygen-deprived areas may in itself augment the tissue damage in excess of that produced by the ischemia alone. The process of ischemia-reperfusion is multifactorial and there are several mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis. Ample evidence shows that the injury is in part caused by an excessive generation of reactive oxygen species or free radicals...
April 2015: Danish Medical Journal
Birgitte Brandsborg
It is well known that different surgical procedures like amputation, thoracotomy, inguinal herniotomy, and mastectomy are associated with a risk of developing chronic postsurgical pain. Hysterectomy is the most frequent gynecological procedure with an annual frequency of 5000 hysterectomies for a benign indication in Denmark, but is has not previously been documented in detail to what extent this procedure leads to chronic pain. The aim of this PhD thesis was therefore to describe the epidemiology, type of pain, risk factors, and predictive factors associated with chronic pain after hysterectomy for a benign indication...
January 2012: Danish Medical Journal
Jens Ravn Eriksen
Severe pain is usual after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR). Mesh fixation with titanium tacks may play a key role in the development of acute and chronic pain and alternative fixation methods should therefore be investigated. This PhD thesis was based on three studies and aimed too: 1) assess the intensity and impact of postoperative pain by detailed patient-reported description of pain and convalescence after LVHR (Study I), 2) evaluate the feasibility of fibrin sealant (FS) for mesh fixation in an experimental pig model (Study II), and 3) investigate FS vs...
December 2011: Danish Medical Bulletin
Siv Cathrine Høymork
BACKGROUND: There has been a breakthrough in the understanding of anaesthetic drug effects during the last two decades, and new monitors aimed at quantifying such effects have been developed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review is based on publications from the last 15 years, oral presentations, and rewritten parts of the author's PhD thesis. RESULTS: General anaesthesia can be regarded as a combination of hypnosis (sleep), analgesia and muscle relaxation...
March 25, 2010: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Krzysztof Zajac, Małgorzata Zajac
Perioperative mortality associated with anaesthesia has been closely monitored throughout half of the century. The breakthrough in anaesthesia safety occurred in the 80-ties and 90-ties of the last century, when we could witness 5-folded reduction in mortality associated with anaesthesia, i.e. from 1 death:2680 operations/anaesthetic procedures (the 50-ties of the 20 h century) to 1:10,000 (and even 20-folded reduction within the ASA 1 and 2 groups of the patients--1 death:185,000 procedures). However, the more detailed analysis showed that the perioperative mortality is significantly higher, namely 1 death: approximately 500 procedures, and in the ASA 5 group of patients 1:4...
2005: Przegla̧d Lekarski
C Tommasino, D V Graziano, C Ori, A Parma, R Urciuoli
The authors present the results of a survey of anesthesiologists members of the "SIAARTI (Società Italiana di Anestesia, Analgesia, Rianimazione e Terapia Intensiva) Committee for anesthesia and critical care in neurosurgery and neurology". Among the aims of the survey, was to evaluate when the interest in neuroscience of the members of this group started, and the clinical work dedicated to neuroanesthesia and critical care. At present, the group has grown to 143 members. In the questionnaire 105 members indicated the topic discussed for the medical degree thesis, and 87 indicated the thesis discussed for the board in anesthesia...
January 1993: Minerva Anestesiologica
C Márquez Espinós, F Herrera Rodríguez
Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla, after the 1868 Revolution, made possible in Spain the decentralization of doctorate's studies, which traditionally were done in Madrid. It was because of that fact that the Doctor degree could be obtained at the Faculty of Medicine in Cadiz during the Sexenio Revolucionario. The intention of this work is to analyse the anaesthesiologist doctorate thesis defended at the Faculty of Medicine in Cadiz during that period. We give unpublished news about the evolution of the obstetrics anaesthesia in Spain and different opinions about the use of anaesthetics in labours at that time...
September 1989: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
A Franco, J Cortés, J Carceller, M Cid
Based on the importance of document files and first-hand bibliographic sources for studying the history, we have recently investigated the chapter of Doctoral Thesis and Reports on anesthetic topics since we believe that these are fundamental to gain insight into the knowledge of our history. This investigation was planned to find such documents by reviewing the data of several Spanish archives and libraries. We collected 80 works: 14 Reports and 66 Doctoral Theses performed during a period of 95 years (heuristic limits 1847-1942)...
March 1992: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
F Scharf, A Streule, E Rauh
The thesis that students could be instructed by audio-visual aids alone equally as well as by a personal instructor was tested by experiment. A teaching program, i.e. a sound film, was made and was shown to first-year clinical dental students. At the same time the usual lecture was offered to these students. Subsequently the knowledge acquired was examined. The results support the initial thesis, but at the same time it must be concluded that the highly differentiated psychomotor teaching objectives of dentistry cannot be achieved without individual instruction...
February 1976: Deutsche Zahnärztliche Zeitschrift
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