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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934826/-endoscopic-treatment-of-gastric-adenoma
#1
REVIEW
Cheal Wung Huh, Byung Wook Kim
Gastric adenoma (dysplasia) is a precancerous lesion. Therefore, managements of gastric adenomas are important for preventing the development of gastric cancers and for detecting gastric cancers at earlier stages. The Vienna classification divides gastric adenomas into two categories: high-grade dysplasia and low-grade dysplasia. Generally, endoscopic resection is performed for adenoma with high-grade dysplasia due to the coexistence of carcinoma and the potential of progression to carcinomas. However, the treatments of adenoma with low-grade dysplasia remain controversial...
September 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934820/-bone-metastases-pathophysiology-diagnostic-testing-and-therapy-part-1
#2
Sebastian Koob, Michael Kehrer, Andreas Strauss, Viktor Janzen, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Jan Schmolders
In Germany and other European countries, cancer is the second most common cause of death after cardiovascular disease. Although 5-year survival rates for several types of cancer have significantly improved over the last 30 years, metastasis to the bone almost always leads to incurable disease. Aside from the rare primary bone tumours, the treatment of bone metastases now accounts for a major part of tumour orthopaedic workload and requires close interdisciplinary coordination between specialists in oncology, radiology and the discipline of the primary tumour entity...
September 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934803/two-interesting-cases-of-meralgia-paraesthetica
#3
Christopher David Jones, Luke Guiot, Mark Portelli, Timothy Bullen, Paul Skaife
Meralgia paraesthetica (MP) is a condition originally described by Bernhardt in 1878 and was eventually named by Roth in 1895. It is caused by compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) resulting in varying types of discomfort. Severity of the symptoms can range from mildly uncomfortable to painfully disabling. In this article we discuss 2 patients with a LFCN injury occurring as a result of laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR). The first patient is a 46-year-old female who reported pain and dysesthesia in the left groin and the anterolateral thigh, 2 days post LCR...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934800/comparison-of-intraarticular-pulsed-radiofrequency-and-intraarticular-corticosteroid-injection-for-management-of-cervical-facet-joint-pain
#4
Ji Woon Lim, Yun-Woo Cho, Dong Gyu Lee, Min Cheol Chang
BACKGROUND: Disorders of the facet joints are some of the most common sources of chronic spinal pain. Facet joint pain is responsible for approximately 50% of patients with chronic neck pain. Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation, after placing needle electrodes into the joint space, has been recently reported for the management of joint pain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intraarticular (IA) PRF for the management of cervical facet joint (CFJ) pain...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934780/efficacy-of-cannabis-based-medicines-for-pain-management-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
J Aviram, G Samuelly-Leichtag
BACKGROUND: The management of chronic pain is a complex challenge worldwide. Cannabis-based medicines (CBMs) have proven to be efficient in reducing chronic pain, although the topic remains highly controversial in this field. OBJECTIVES: This study's aim is to conduct a conclusive review and meta-analysis, which incorporates all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in order to update clinicians' and researchers' knowledge regarding the efficacy and adverse events (AEs) of CBMs for chronic and postoperative pain treatment...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934770/seasonal-influenza-and-vaccination-strategies-is-a-paradigm-shift-needed-a-synopsis-of-the-3rd-new-zealand-influenza-symposium-november-2016
#6
Nadia A Charania, Diana Murfitt, Nikki Turner
Influenza continues to be a global public health problem despite the availability of preventive vaccines and public health vaccination programmes. This paper presents a synopsis of the 3rd New Zealand Influenza Symposium (NZiS) that was hosted by the Immunisation Advisory Centre (IMAC) in November 2016. Experts and service providers convened to discuss current issues in the prevention and management of influenza. One of the key topics discussed was the use of novel vaccines, such as adjuvanted and high-dose vaccines, and antiviral prophylaxis to protect young children and the elderly...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934765/qualitative-study-the-experience-and-impact-of-living-with-behcet-s-syndrome
#7
Vicky Tai, Karen Lindsay, Joanne L Sims, Fiona M McQueen
AIM: Behcet's syndrome is a rare chronic multisystemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology, is unpredictable and can cause life-threatening complications. This qualitative study aims to explore the experiences of patients living with Behcet's syndrome in New Zealand. METHODS: Eight English-speaking patients participated in in-depth semi-structured interviews about their experiences of living with Behcet's syndrome. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. Data were analysed using a general inductive thematic approach...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934741/successful-management-of-a-positive-air-leak-test-during-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#8
Kazuhito Sasaki, Soichiro Ishihara, Hiroaki Nozawa, Kazushige Kawai, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Koji Murono, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Anastomotic leakage remains the most serious complications of colorectal surgery. To prevent colorectal anastomotic leakage (CAL), an air leak test (ALT) with intraoperative colonoscopy (IOCS) is performed to detect mechanically insufficient colorectal anastomoses. The approaches to an intraoperative anastomotic air leak (IOAL) have not been fully investigated. This study aimed to clarify the safe management of an IOAL in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: One hundred forty-eight consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic resection with double-stapling technique (DST) anastomosis for left-sided colorectal cancer between April 2015 and June 2016 were included and retrospectively reviewed...
September 22, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934739/differential-pressure-shunt-for-simultaneous-diversion-of-ventricular-fluid-and-extracerebral-fluid
#9
Daniel Craig, Ken R Winston, Zach Folzenlogen, Kathryn A Beauchamp
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The management of extracerebral collections of fluid in patients with hydrocephalus can be problematic for either their simultaneous separate management or sequential management, each of which may require multiple surgeries and the management of external drains. The object of this report is to review the experience with a shunt configuration that simultaneously diverts ventricular fluid and extracerebral fluid, whether subdural or subarachnoid in location, through different outflow resistances...
September 22, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934709/toxicity-of-ammonia-cadmium-and-nitrobenzene-to-four-local-fishes-in-the-liao-river-china-and-the-derivation-of-site-specific-water-quality-criteria
#10
Zhihong Liu, Xiaojun Li, Peidong Tai, Lizong Sun, Honghong Yuan, Xiaonan Yang
Water quality criteria (WQC) are considered to be an effective management tool for protecting aquatic environments. To derive site-specific WQC for an area, local data based on local species are essential to improve the applicability of WQC derived. Due to the paucity of local fish data available for the development of site-specific WQC for the Liao River, China, four local and widespread fishes (Pseudorasbora parva, Abbottina liaoningensis, Ctenogobius giurinus, and Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) were chosen to test their sensitivities to ammonia, cadmium and nitrobenzene...
September 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934677/evaluation-of-participatory-planning-lessons-from-hungarian-natura-2000-management-planning-processes
#11
Eszter Kovács, Eszter Kelemen, Gabriella Kiss, Ágnes Kalóczkai, Veronika Fabók, Barbara Mihók, Boldizsár Megyesi, György Pataki, Barbara Bodorkós, Bálint Balázs, Györgyi Bela, Katalin Margóczi, Ágnes Roboz, Dániel Molnár
Stakeholder participation in nature conservation policies and especially in the management of protected areas has gained importance in the last decades. These changes are underlined by democratic principles and the perceived contribution of stakeholder involvement to the effectiveness of conservation management. Evaluating participatory processes is essential to learn about the past and thus increase the quality of future processes. The evaluation can be useful for the organisations responsible for planning and management, stakeholders and policy makers as well...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934675/management-of-turbidity-current-venting-in-reservoirs-under-different-bed-slopes
#12
Sabine Chamoun, Giovanni De Cesare, Anton J Schleiss
The lifetime and efficiency of dams is endangered by the process of sedimentation. To ensure the sustainable use of reservoirs, many sediment management techniques exist, among which venting of turbidity currents. Nevertheless, a number of practical questions remain unanswered due to a lack of systematic investigations. The present research introduces venting and evaluates its performance using an experimental model. In the latter, turbidity currents travel on a smooth bed towards the dam and venting is applied through a rectangular bottom outlet...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934669/transforming-growth-factor-beta-tgf-%C3%AE-mediates-cardiac-fibrosis-and-induces-diabetic-cardiomyopathy
#13
REVIEW
Yiyang Yue, Ke Meng, Yuejie Pu, Xiaoming Zhang
Cardiovascular diseases account for the major cause of morbidity and mortality among individuals with diabetes. The diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a type of diabetic cardiovascular disease, which further directs to the heart failure. The researchers found that diabetes induced cardiac fibrosis plays a vital role in several of the pathological changes that associated with DCM, causing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), diastolic dysfunction and systolic dysfunction. However, the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of DCM are still elusive...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934644/cyriax-s-deep-friction-massage-application-parameters-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-with-physiotherapists
#14
Paula Chaves, Daniela Simões, Maria Paço, Francisco Pinho, José Alberto Duarte, Fernando Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Deep friction massage is one of several physiotherapy interventions suggested for the management of tendinopathy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of deep friction massage use in clinical practice, to characterize the application parameters used by physiotherapists, and to identify empirical model-based patterns of deep friction massage application in degenerative tendinopathy. DESIGN: observational, analytical, cross-sectional and national web-based survey...
September 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934515/utility-of-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-panel-for-myelodysplastic-syndrome-in-evaluation-of-cytopenia-in-a-pediatric-hospital-a-5-year-retrospective-review-and-utilization-management
#15
Cynthia T Bunting, Tal Senior, Yehuda Susson, Alethia Rivera, Debra Saxe, Silvia T Bunting
Background: MDS FISH was routinely ordered together with chromosome analysis for patients with cytopenia in our hospital. The utility of MDS FISH in the pediatric population is unknown. Objective: To analyze the utility of fluorescence in situ hybridization panel for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS FISH) in the management of patients with cytopenia. Methods: We performed a retrospective review over a 5-year period, from 2009 to 2014 to determine whether chromosome analysis (CA) plus MDS FISH added useful information compared to chromosome analysis alone...
August 1, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934448/cervical-spine-deformity-part-2-management-algorithm-and-anterior-techniques
#16
Lee A Tan, K Daniel Riew, Vincent C Traynelis
A sound operative plan based on solid understanding of the pathology and biomechanics is the most important part of cervical deformity correction. Many different surgical options exist for operative management of cervical spine deformities. However, selecting the correct approach that ensures the optimal clinical outcome can be challenging and often controversial. In Part 2 of this three-part review series, we discuss the pre-operative planning, management algorithm, and anterior surgical techniques for cervical deformity correction...
October 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934444/letter-guidelines-for-the-management-of-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-fourth-edition
#17
Rob Dickerman, Ashley Reynolds, Julie Williamson, Karl Winters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934376/managing-menopausal-symptoms-and-associated-clinical-issues-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#18
Richard J Santen, Cynthia A Stuenkel, Susan R Davis, JoAnn V Pinkerton, Anne Gompel, Mary Ann Lumsden
Objective: Review evidence to guide the management of menopausal signs and symptoms in women after breast cancer and make recommendations accordingly. Evidence: Randomized controlled clinical trials, observational studies, evidence- based guidelines, and expert opinion from professional societies. Background: Several symptoms and clinical problems associated with estrogen depletion -sleep disorders, vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA), vasomotor symptoms (VMS), mood changes, depressive symptoms, cardiovascular disease, osteopenia and osteoporosis- confront the estimated 9...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934258/reports-of-unintended-consequences-of-financial-incentives-to-improve-management-of-hypertension
#19
Sylvia J Hysong, Richard SoRelle, Kristen Broussard Smitham, Laura A Petersen
BACKGROUND: Given the increase in financial-incentive programs nationwide, many physicians and physician groups are concerned about potential unintended consequences of providing financial incentives to improve quality of care. However, few studies examine whether actual unintended consequences result from providing financial incentives to physicians. We sought to document the extent to which the unintended consequences discussed in the literature were observable in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of financial incentives...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934127/removal-of-phenolic-compounds-from-water-using-sewage-sludge-based-activated-carbon-adsorption-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Nuhu Dalhat Mu'azu, Nabeel Jarrah, Mukarram Zubair, Omar Alagha
Due to their industrial relevance, phenolic compounds (PC) are amongst the most common organic pollutants found in many industrial wastewater effluents. The potential detrimental health and environmental impacts of PC necessitate their removal from wastewater to meet regulatory discharge standards to ensure meeting sustainable development goals. In recent decades, one of the promising, cost-effective and environmentally benign techniques for removal of PC from water streams has been adsorption onto sewage sludge (SS)-based activated carbon (SBAC)...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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