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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077035/nurses-online-behaviour-lessons-for-the-nursing-profession
#1
Janet Green
Social networking has become an extremely popular online activity, however like many activities on the internet, there are some privacy risks and concerns associated with its use. In recent years an increasing number of nurses have been censured or asked to appear before regulatory or registering authorities for unprofessional behaviour on social media sites. Problem behaviours identified include: inappropriate content and postings, crossing professional boundaries and breaching patient privacy and confidentiality...
January 12, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025748/patient-derived-xenograft-pdx-models-in-basic-and-translational-breast-cancer-research
#2
Lacey E Dobrolecki, Susie D Airhart, Denis G Alferez, Samuel Aparicio, Fariba Behbod, Mohamed Bentires-Alj, Cathrin Brisken, Carol J Bult, Shirong Cai, Robert B Clarke, Heidi Dowst, Matthew J Ellis, Eva Gonzalez-Suarez, Richard D Iggo, Peter Kabos, Shunqiang Li, Geoffrey J Lindeman, Elisabetta Marangoni, Aaron McCoy, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Helen Piwnica-Worms, Marie-France Poupon, Jorge Reis-Filho, Carol A Sartorius, Valentina Scabia, George Sflomos, Yizheng Tu, François Vaillant, Jane E Visvader, Alana Welm, Max S Wicha, Michael T Lewis
Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of a growing spectrum of cancers are rapidly supplanting long-established traditional cell lines as preferred models for conducting basic and translational preclinical research. In breast cancer, to complement the now curated collection of approximately 45 long-established human breast cancer cell lines, a newly formed consortium of academic laboratories, currently from Europe, Australia, and North America, herein summarizes data on over 500 stably transplantable PDX models representing all three clinical subtypes of breast cancer (ER+, HER2+, and "Triple-negative" (TNBC))...
December 27, 2016: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025730/automated-facial-recognition-of-computed-tomography-derived-facial-images-patient-privacy-implications
#3
Connie L Parks, Keith L Monson
The recognizability of facial images extracted from publically available medical scans raises patient privacy concerns. This study examined how accurately facial images extracted from computed tomography (CT) scans are objectively matched with corresponding photographs of the scanned individuals. The test subjects were 128 adult Americans ranging in age from 18 to 60 years, representing both sexes and three self-identified population (ancestral descent) groups (African, European, and Hispanic). Using facial recognition software, the 2D images of the extracted facial models were compared for matches against five differently sized photo galleries...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007583/towards-a-privacy-preserving-cohort-discovery-framework-for-clinical-research-networks
#4
Jiawei Yuan, Bradley Malin, François Modave, Yi Guo, William R Hogan, Elizabeth Shenkman, Jiang Bian
BACKGROUND: The last few years have witnessed an increasing number of clinical research networks (CRNs) focused on building large collections of data from electronic health records (EHRs), claims, and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Many of these CRNs provide a service for the discovery of research cohorts with various health conditions, which is especially useful for rare diseases. Supporting patient privacy can enhance the scalability and efficiency of such processes; however, current practice mainly relies on policy, such as guidelines defined in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), which are insufficient for CRNs (e...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995826/patient-staff-and-clinician-perspectives-on-implementing-electronic-communications-in-an-interdisciplinary-rural-family-health-practice
#5
Feng Chang, Thivaher Paramsothy, Matthew Roche, Nishi S Gupta
: Aim To conduct an environmental scan of a rural primary care clinic to assess the feasibility of implementing an e-communications system between patients and clinic staff. BACKGROUND: Increasing demands on healthcare require greater efficiencies in communications and services, particularly in rural areas. E-communications may improve clinic efficiency and delivery of healthcare but raises concerns about patient privacy and data security. METHODS: We conducted an environmental scan at one family health team clinic, a high-volume interdisciplinary primary care practice in rural southwestern Ontario, Canada, to determine the feasibility of implementing an e-communications system between its patients and staff...
December 20, 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957310/evaluation-of-patients-rights-observance-according-to-patients-rights-charter-in-educational-hospitals-affiliated-to-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences-medical-staffs-views
#6
Alireza Sabzevari, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Masumeh Saeidi, Seyed Ali Jafari, Hamidreza Kianifar, Hamid Ahanchian, Lida Jarahi, Mohsen Zakerian
INTRODUCTION: To supply quality services and healthcare, it is evident that medical ethics and patients' rights, while providing medical and healthcare services need to be observed. This study was conducted to evaluate observance of the Patients' Rights Charter among medical staff of educational hospitals affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in four educational hospitals in Mashhad on eighty physicians, nurses, nurse aids and medical students...
October 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925381/doctors-use-of-mobile-devices-in-the-clinical-setting-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Arany Nerminathan, Amanda Harrison, Megan Phelps, Karen M Scott
AIM: To explore how doctors use mobile devices in the clinical setting and understand drivers for use. METHODS: A mixed methods study was used with doctors in a paediatric and adult teaching hospital in 2013. A paper based survey examined mobile device usage data by doctors in the clinical setting. Focus groups explored doctors' reasons for using or refraining from using mobile devices in the clinical setting, and their attitudes about others' use. RESULTS: The survey, completed by 109 doctors, showed that 91% owned a smartphone and 88% used their mobile devices frequently in the clinical setting...
December 7, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897013/harnessing-big-data-for-precision-medicine-infrastructures-and-applications
#8
Kun-Hsing Yu, Steven N Hart, Rachel Goldfeder, Qiangfeng Cliff Zhang, Stephen C J Parker, Michael Snyder
Precision medicine is a health management approach that accounts for individual differences in genetic backgrounds and environmental exposures. With the recent advancements in high-throughput omics profiling technologies, collections of large study cohorts, and the developments of data mining algorithms, big data in biomedicine is expected to provide novel insights into health and disease states, which can be translated into personalized disease prevention and treatment plans. However, petabytes of biomedical data generated by multiple measurement modalities poses a significant challenge for data analysis, integration, storage, and result interpretation...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867450/preserving-patient-privacy-when-sharing-same-disease-data
#9
Xiaoping Liu, Xiao-Bai Li, Luvai Motiwalla, Wenjun Li, Hua Zheng, Patricia D Franklin
Medical and health data are often collected for studying a specific disease. For such same-disease microdata, a privacy disclosure occurs as long as an individual is known to be in the microdata. Individuals in same-disease microdata are thus subject to higher disclosure risk than those in microdata with different diseases. This important problem has been overlooked in data-privacy research and practice, and no prior study has addressed this problem. In this study, we analyze the disclosure risk for the individuals in same-disease microdata and propose a new metric that is appropriate for measuring disclosure risk in this situation...
October 2016: ACM Journal of Data and Information Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806923/it-s-time-for-innovation-in-the-health-insurance-portability-and-accountability-act-hipaa
#10
Karen Colorafi, Bryan Bailey
Whether it is the result of a tragic news story, a thoughtful commentary, or a segment on the entertainment networks, patient privacy rights are never far from the top of our minds. The Privacy and Security Rules contained in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) represent a concerted effort to protect the privacy and security of the volumes of patient data generated by the health care system. However, the last twenty years has seen innovations and advancements in health information technology that were unimaginable at that time...
November 2, 2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787295/examination-of-an-electronic-patient-record-display-method-to-protect-patient-information-privacy
#11
Yukari Niimi, Katsumasa Ota
Electronic patient records facilitate the provision of safe, high-quality medical care. However, because personnel can view almost all stored information, this study designed a display method using a mosaic blur (pixelation) to temporarily conceal information patients do not want shared. This study developed an electronic patient records display method for patient information that balanced the patient's desire for personal information protection against the need for information sharing among medical personnel...
October 25, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781485/big-data-in-radiation-therapy-challenges-and-opportunities
#12
Tim Lustberg, Johan van Soest, Arthur Jochems, Timo Deist, Yvonka van Wijk, Sean Walsh, Philippe Lambin, Andre Dekker
Data collected and generated by radiation oncology can be classified by the Volume, Variety, Velocity and Veracity (4Vs) of Big Data because they are spread across different care providers and not easily shared owing to patient privacy protection. The magnitude of the 4Vs is substantial in oncology, especially owing to imaging modalities and unclear data definitions. To create useful models ideally all data of all care providers are understood and learned from; however, this presents challenges in the guise of poor data quality, patient privacy concerns, geographical spread, interoperability and large volume...
January 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763999/electronic-health-e-health-emerging-role-in-asthma
#13
Matteo Bonini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma is the most prevalent chronic respiratory disease and represents a relevant socioeconomic burden. e-Health has the potential to improve disease control and adherence to treatment in asthmatic patients. Available data are, however, scarce and inconsistent limiting the use of e-health in clinical practice. This article aims to provide a systematic review of the literature published in the last year regarding the real place and impact of e-health in the management of asthma...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722981/access-control-and-privilege-management-in-electronic-health-record-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Manoj Jayabalan, Thomas O'Daniel
This study presents a systematic literature review of access control for electronic health record systems to protect patient's privacy. Articles from 2006 to 2016 were extracted from the ACM Digital Library, IEEE Xplore Digital Library, Science Direct, MEDLINE, and MetaPress using broad eligibility criteria, and chosen for inclusion based on analysis of ISO22600. Cryptographic standards and methods were left outside the scope of this review. Three broad classes of models are being actively investigated and developed: access control for electronic health records, access control for interoperability, and access control for risk analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702792/how-can-hospitals-better-protect-the-privacy-of-electronic-medical-records-perspectives-from-staff-members-of-health-information-management-departments
#15
Ming-Ling Sher, Paul C Talley, Tain-Junn Cheng, Kuang-Ming Kuo
PURPOSE: The adoption of electronic medical records (EMR) is expected to better improve overall healthcare quality and to offset the financial pressure of excessive administrative burden. However, safeguarding EMR against potentially hostile security breaches from both inside and outside healthcare facilities has created increased patients' privacy concerns from all sides. The aim of our study was to examine the influencing factors of privacy protection for EMR by healthcare professionals...
October 4, 2016: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614610/how-well-are-we-respecting-patient-privacy-in-medical-imaging-lessons-learnt-from-a-departmental-audit
#16
Marc Dilauro, Rebecca Thornhill, Najla Fasih
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Preservation of patient privacy and dignity are basic requirements for all patients visiting a hospital. The purpose of this study was to perform an audit of patients' satisfaction with privacy whilst in the Department of Medical Imaging (MI) at the Civic Campus of the Ottawa Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Outpatients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography (US), and plain film (XR) examinations were provided with a survey on patient privacy...
November 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613791/implementation-of-technology-based-patient-engagement-strategies-within-practice-based-research-networks
#17
Beth Careyva, Kyle Shaak, Geoffrey Mills, Melanie Johnson, Samantha Goodrich, Brian Stello, Lorraine S Wallace
BACKGROUND: Technology-based patient engagement strategies (such as patient portals) are increasingly available, yet little is known about current use and barriers within practice-based research networks (PBRNs). PBRN directors have unique opportunities to inform the implementation of patient-facing technology and to translate these findings into practice. METHODS: PBRN directors were queried regarding technology-based patient engagement strategies as part of the 2015 CAFM Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey of PBRN directors...
September 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593185/quantifying-disease-activity-in-fatty-infiltrated-skeletal-muscle-by-ideal-cpmg-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#18
Ami Mankodi, Courtney A Bishop, Sungyoung Auh, Rexford D Newbould, Kenneth H Fischbeck, Robert L Janiczek
The purpose of this study was to explore the use of iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (IDEAL-CPMG) to simultaneously measure skeletal muscle apparent fat fraction and water T2 (T2,w) in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). In twenty healthy volunteer boys and thirteen subjects with DMD, thigh muscle apparent fat fraction was measured by Dixon and IDEAL-CPMG, with the IDEAL-CPMG also providing T2,w as a measure of muscle inflammatory activity...
October 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577394/a-generic-method-for-assessing-the-quality-of-de-identified-health-data
#19
Fabian Prasser, Raffael Bild, Klaus A Kuhn
Data sharing plays an important role in modern biomedical research. Due to the inherent sensitivity of health data, patient privacy must be protected. De-identification means to transform a dataset in such a way that it becomes extremely difficult for an attacker to link its records to identified individuals. This can be achieved with different types of data transformations. As transformation impacts the information content of a dataset, it is important to balance an increase in privacy with a decrease in data quality...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577361/evaluation-of-secure-computation-in-a-distributed-healthcare-setting
#20
Eizen Kimura, Koki Hamada, Ryo Kikuchi, Koji Chida, Kazuya Okamoto, Shirou Manabe, Tomohiko Kuroda, Yasushi Matsumura, Toshihiro Takeda, Naoki Mihara
Issues related to ensuring patient privacy and data ownership in clinical repositories prevent the growth of translational research. Previous studies have used an aggregator agent to obscure clinical repositories from the data user, and to ensure the privacy of output using statistical disclosure control. However, there remain several issues that must be considered. One such issue is that a data breach may occur when multiple nodes conspire. Another is that the agent may eavesdrop on or leak a user's queries and their results...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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