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"Patient Privacy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149509/promoting-person-centred-care-in-the-perioperative-setting-through-patient-advocacy-an-observational-study
#1
Ann-Sofie Sundqvist, Ulrica Nilsson, Marie Holmefur, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which the findings from an integrative review regarding perioperative patient advocacy could be empirically supported, and to describe Swedish registered nurse anaesthetists' patient advocacy actions and interactions during the perioperative period. BACKGROUND: Patient advocacy is practiced by various health care professionals in promoting the well-being of patients. It is complex, and in a general health care context it has been described as supporting the patients both physiologically and psychologically...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141618/what-do-australian-consumers-pharmacists-and-prescribers-think-about-documenting-indications-on-prescriptions-and-dispensed-medicines-labels-a-qualitative-study
#2
Mona Garada, Andrew J McLachlan, Gordon D Schiff, Elin C Lehnbom
BACKGROUND: Documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels is not standard practice in Australia. However, previous studies that have focused on the content and design of dispensed medicines labels, have suggested including the indication as a safety measure. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of Australian consumers, pharmacists and prescribers on documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted and mock-up of dispensed medicines labels were designed for participants...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124112/concise-informed-consent-to-increase-data-and-biospecimen-access-may-accelerate-innovative-alzheimer-s-disease-treatments
#3
REVIEW
Ann M Hake, Penny A Dacks, Stephen P Arnerić
Introduction: Informed consent forms that restrict the distribution of data and samples have been an impediment to advancing Alzheimer's disease (AD) understandings and treatments. The Coalition Against Major Disease public-private partnership developed concise addenda to responsibly broaden data access of informed consent forms. Methods: Coalition Against Major Disease members identified key elements for ensuring data and biospecimen access, and patient privacy protection according to applicable US law...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114435/hepatitis-c-virus-genie-a-web-2-0-interpretation-and-analytics-platform-for-the-versant-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-line-probe-assay-version-2-0
#4
Alex M Dussaq, Abha Soni, Christopher Willey, Seung L Park, Shuko Harada
Context: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotyping at our institution is performed using the Versant HCV genotype 2.0 Line Probe Assay (LiPA). The last steps of this procedure are manual, laborious, and error-prone process that involves the comparison of the banding pattern on a test strip to a physical reference table. Aim: We developed a web-based HCV genotype interpretation platform that utilizes a scanned image to generate the genotypes, thus minimizing interpretation time and reducing error...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063536/secondary-use-of-patient-data-review-of-the-literature-published-in-2016
#5
D R Schlegel, G Ficheur
Objectives: To summarize recent research and emerging trends in the area of secondary use of healthcare data, and to present the best papers published in this field, selected to appear in the 2017 edition of the IMIA Yearbook. Methods: A literature review of articles published in 2016 and related to secondary use of healthcare data was performed using two bibliographic databases. From this search, 941 papers were identified. The section editors independently reviewed the papers for relevancy and impact, resulting in a consensus list of 14 candidate best papers...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060006/home-based-upper-extremity-rehabilitation-support-using-a-contactless-ultrasonic-sensor
#6
Henry Griffith, Subir Biswas
Home-based rehabilitation protocols have been shown to improve outcomes amongst individuals with limited upper-extremity (UE) functionality. While approaches employing both video conferencing technologies and gaming platforms have been successfully demonstrated for such applications, concerns regarding patient privacy and technological complexity may limit further adoption. As an alternative solution for assessing adherence to prescribed UE rehabilitation protocols, the Echolocation Activity Detector, a linear array of first-reflection ultrasonic distance sensors, is proposed herein...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027513/-sharing-patient-information-with-neighbourhood-social-support-teams-a-legal-perspective
#7
V E T Dörenberg
The beginning of 2015 saw the transition of responsibility for social care, youth care and participation of vulnerable groups in the Netherlands from the government to local authorities. A large majority of municipalities chose to work with neighbourhood social support teams. Their main purpose is to offer integrated care to citizens. Integrated care requires information-sharing between organisations and (healthcare) professionals. Are medical practitioners authorized to share patient information with neighbourhood social support teams? Legal analysis shows that a medical practitioner may play one of the following three roles when sharing information with such teams: the role of referrer, the role of expert or the role of informant...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021990/discovery-radiomics-via-evolutionary-deep-radiomic-sequencer-discovery-for-pathologically-proven-lung-cancer-detection
#8
Mohammad Javad Shafiee, Audrey G Chung, Farzad Khalvati, Masoom A Haider, Alexander Wong
While lung cancer is the second most diagnosed form of cancer in men and women, a sufficiently early diagnosis can be pivotal in patient survival rates. Imaging-based, or radiomics-driven, detection methods have been developed to aid diagnosticians, but largely rely on hand-crafted features that may not fully encapsulate the differences between cancerous and healthy tissue. Recently, the concept of discovery radiomics was introduced, where custom abstract features are discovered from readily available imaging data...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964746/professional-use-of-social-media-among-surgeons-results-of-a-multi-institutional-study
#9
Justin P Wagner, Amalia L Cochran, Christian Jones, Niraj J Gusani, Thomas K Varghese, Deanna J Attai
OBJECTIVE: Among surgeons, professional use of social media (SM) is varied, and attitudes are ambiguous. We sought to characterize surgeons' professional use and perceptions of SM. DESIGN: Surgical faculty and trainees received institutional review board-approved e-mail surveys assessing SM usage and attitudes. Regression analyses identified predictors of SM attitudes and preference for professional contact. SETTING: Surveys were administered to surgical faculty, fellows, and residents at 4 academic medical centers between January and April 2016...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952365/setting-the-stage-a-comparative-analysis-of-an-onstage-offstage-and-a-linear-clinic-modules
#10
Kara Freihoefer, Len Kaiser, Dennis Vonasek, Sara Bayramzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand how two different ambulatory design modules-traditional and onstage/offstage-impact operational efficiency, patient throughput, staff collaboration, and patient privacy. BACKGROUND: Delivery of healthcare is greatly shifting to ambulatory settings because of rapid advancement of medicine and technology, resulting in more day procedures and follow-up care occurring outside of hospitals. It is anticipated that outpatient services will grow roughly 15-23% within the next 10 years (Sg2, 2014)...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942336/the-use-of-social-media-in-orphan-drug-development
#11
Christopher-Paul Milne, Wendi Ni
Social media has transformed how people interact with one another through the Internet, and it has the potential to do the same for orphan drug development. Currently, social media influences the orphan drug development process in the following three ways: assisting the study of orphan diseases, increasing the awareness of orphan disease, and playing a vital role in clinical trials. However, there are some caveats to the utilization of social media, such as the need to protect patient privacy by adequately de-identifying personal health information, assuring consistent quality and representativeness of the data, and preventing the unblinding of patient group assignments...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905735/surgery-in-shackles-what-are-surgeons-obligations-to-incarcerated-patients-in-the-operating-room
#12
Sara Scarlet, Elizabeth Dreesen
Incarcerated patients frequently require surgery outside of the correctional setting, where they can be shackled to the operating table in the presence of armed corrections officers who observe them throughout the procedure. In this circumstance, privacy protection-central to the patient-physician relationship-and the need to control the incarcerated patient for the safety of health care workers, corrections officers, and society must be balanced. Surgeons recognize the heightened need for gaining a patient's trust within the context of an operation...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903886/patient-privacy-in-the-era-of-big-data
#13
Mehmet Kayaalp
Privacy was defined as a fundamental human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at the 1948 United Nations General Assembly. However, there is still no consensus on what constitutes privacy. In this review, we look at the evolution of privacy as a concept from the era of Hippocrates to the era of social media and big data. To appreciate the modern measures of patient privacy protection and correctly interpret the current regulatory framework in the United States, we need to analyze and understand the concepts of individually identifiable information, individually identifiable health information, protected health information (PHI), and de-identification...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801417/optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-sonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-increased-intracranial-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#14
Alex Koziarz, Niv Sne, Fraser Kegel, Waleed Alhazzani, Siddharth Nath, Jetan H Badhiwala, Timothy Rice, Paul Engels, Faidi Samir, Andrew Healey, Kamyar Kahnamoui, Laura Banfield, Sunjay Sharma, Kesava Reddy, Gregory W J Hawryluk, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Saleh A Almenawer
INTRODUCTION: Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) is a significant neurological issue that may lead to permanent neurological sequelae. When evaluating patients with traumatic brain injury, it is crucial to identify those with high ICP in order to expedite ICP lowering measures and maintain adequate cerebral perfusion. Several measures are used to recognise patients with increased ICP including CT scan, MRI, ICP monitor, and lumbar puncture (LP). However, these tests can be invasive, associated with radiation exposure, contraindicated, or not readily available...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796625/collaborative-ehealth-meets-security-privacy-enhancing-patient-profile-management
#15
Rosa Sanchez-Guerrero, Florina Almenarez Mendoza, Daniel Diaz-Sanchez, Patricia Arias Cabarcos, Andres Marin Lopez
Collaborative healthcare environments offer potential benefits, including enhancing the healthcare quality delivered to patients and reducing costs. As a direct consequence, sharing of electronic health records (EHRs) among healthcare providers has experienced a noteworthy growth in the last years, since it enables physicians to remotely monitor patients' health and enables individuals to manage their own health data more easily. However, these scenarios face significant challenges regarding security and privacy of the extremely sensitive information contained in EHRs...
November 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780540/the-postoperative-handover-a-focus-group-interview-study-with-nurse-anaesthetists-anaesthesiologists-and-pacu-nurses
#16
Maria Randmaa, Maria Engström, Christine Leo Swenne, Gunilla Mårtensson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate different professionals' (nurse anaesthetists', anaesthesiologists', and postanaesthesia care unit nurses') descriptions of and reflections on the postoperative handover. DESIGN: A focus group interview study with a descriptive design using qualitative content analysis of transcripts. SETTING: One anaesthetic clinic at two hospitals in Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Six focus groups with 23 healthcare professionals involved in postoperative handovers...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771756/visiting-nurses-posthospital-medication-management-in-home-health-care-an-ethnographic-study
#17
Mette Geil Kollerup, Tine Curtis, Birgitte Schantz Laursen
BACKGROUND: Medication management is the most challenging component of a successful transition from hospital to home, a challenge of growing complexity as the number of older persons living with chronic conditions grows, along with increasingly specialised and accelerated hospital treatment plans. Thus, many patients are discharged with complex medication regimen instructions, accentuating the risk of medication errors that may cause readmission, adverse drug events and a need for further health care...
August 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756441/a-semantic-based-k-anonymity-scheme-for-health-record-linkage
#18
Yang Lu, Richard O Sinnott, Karin Verspoor
Record linkage is a technique for integrating data from sources or providers where direct access to the data is not possible due to security and privacy considerations. This is a very common scenario for medical data, as patient privacy is a significant concern. To avoid privacy leakage, researchers have adopted k-anonymity to protect raw data from re-identification however they cannot avoid associated information loss, e.g. due to generalisation. Given that individual-level data is often not disclosed in the linkage cases, but yet remains potentially re-discoverable, we propose semantic-based linkage k-anonymity to de-identify record linkage with fewer generalisations and eliminate inference disclosure through semantic reasoning...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756160/a-cascaded-approach-for-chinese-clinical-text-de-identification-with-less-annotation-effort
#19
Zhe Jian, Xusheng Guo, Shijian Liu, Handong Ma, Shaodian Zhang, Rui Zhang, Jianbo Lei
With rapid adoption of Electronic Health Records (EHR) in China, an increasing amount of clinical data has been available to support clinical research. Clinical data secondary use usually requires de-identification of personal information to protect patient privacy. Since manually de-identification of free clinical text requires significant amount of human work, developing an automated de-identification system is necessary. While there are many de-identification systems available for English clinical text, designing a de-identification system for Chinese clinical text faces many challenges such as unavailability of necessary lexical resources and sparsity of patient health information (PHI) in Chinese clinical text...
September 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753632/evolving-use-of-social-media-among-chinese-urologists-opportunity-or-challenge
#20
Xingbo Long, Lin Qi, Zhenyu Ou, Xiongbing Zu, Zhenzhen Cao, Xiting Zeng, Yuan Li, Minfeng Chen, Zhao Wang, Long Wang
BACKGROUND: Social media has revolutionized the way people communicate, and it has been widely incorporated into medical practice. However, limited data are available regarding the use of social media by Chinese urologists in their practice. METHODS: From 2014 to 2016, during the China Urological Association's (CUA) Annual National Minimally Invasive Urology Academic Conference, an anonymous survey on social media usage was distributed to participant urologists...
2017: PloS One
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