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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735201/ultrasound-elastography-of-the-prostate-using-an-unconstrained-modulus-reconstruction-technique-a-pilot-clinical-study
#1
REVIEW
Seyed Reza Mousavi, Hassan Rivaz, Gregory J Czarnota, Abbas Samani, Ali Sadeghi-Naini
A novel full-inversion-based technique for quantitative ultrasound elastography was investigated in a pilot clinical study on five patients for non-invasive detection and localization of prostate cancer and quantification of its extent. Conventional-frequency ultrasound images and radiofrequency (RF) data (~5 MHz) were collected during mechanical stimulation of the prostate using a transrectal ultrasound probe. Pre and post-compression RF data were used to construct the strain images. The Young's modulus (YM) images were subsequently reconstructed using the derived strain images and the stress distribution estimated iteratively using finite element (FE) analysis...
July 20, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711028/fluorescence-based-cdte-nanosensor-for-sensitive-detection-of-cytochrome-c
#2
Rehab M Amin, Souad A Elfeky, Thomas Verwanger, Barbara Krammer
Cytochrome c (Cyt c) is commonly used as intrinsic biomarker for several characteristics of the cell such as respiration, energy level and apoptosis. In the present study a simple colorimetric sensor should be developed and tested for the real-time detection of Cyt c in living cells. We synthesized cadmium telluride quantum dots (CdTe QDs) capped with thioglycolic acid (TGA) as a fluorometric Cyt c nanosensor. The synthesized TGA/CdTe QDs nanosensor was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and absorption as well as fluorescence spectrophotometry...
July 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706967/geospatial-analysis-of-dissolved-nutrients-dataset-in-the-surface-water-of-karayar-reservoir-southern-india
#3
N S Magesh, N Chandrasekar, S Krishnakumar
Spatial dataset representing the nutrient distribution in Karayar reservoir during pre and post-monsoon season is presented. Random sampling method was used for data collection and the sample location were fixed using a handheld global positioning system (Garmin GPSMAP-76). The nutrients were estimated using the standard techniques as described in the American Public Health Association (APHA) manual. Physical parameters were estimated using a Hanna portable multi water quality probe (HI-9828, USA). The spatial distribution of physical and nutrient content in surface water is carried out using an inverse distance weighted technique...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698655/electronic-bandstructure-and-van-der-waals-coupling-of-rese2-revealed-by-high-resolution-angle-resolved-photoemission-spectroscopy
#4
Lewis S Hart, James L Webb, Sara Dale, Simon J Bending, Marcin Mucha-Kruczynski, Daniel Wolverson, Chaoyu Chen, José Avila, Maria C Asensio
ReSe2 and ReS2 are unusual compounds amongst the layered transition metal dichalcogenides as a result of their low symmetry, with a characteristic in-plane anisotropy due to in-plane rhenium 'chains'. They preserve inversion symmetry independent of the number of layers and, in contrast to more well-known transition metal dichalcogenides, bulk and few-monolayer Re-TMD compounds have been proposed to behave as electronically and vibrational decoupled layers. Here, we probe for the first time the electronic band structure of bulk ReSe2 by direct nanoscale angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697743/integrative-analysis-of-copy-number-and-gene-expression-in-breast-cancer-using-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-core-biopsy-tissue-a-feasibility-study
#5
Mahesh Iddawela, Oscar Rueda, Jenny Eremin, Oleg Eremin, Jed Cowley, Helena M Earl, Carlos Caldas
BACKGROUND: An absence of reliable molecular markers has hampered individualised breast cancer treatments, and a major limitation for translational research is the lack of fresh tissue. There are, however, abundant banks of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue. This study evaluated two platforms available for the analysis of DNA copy number and gene expression using FFPE samples. METHODS: The cDNA-mediated annealing, selection, extension, and ligation assay (DASL™) has been developed for gene expression analysis and the Molecular Inversion Probes assay (Oncoscan™), were used for copy number analysis using FFPE tissues...
July 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696737/recoil-inversion-in-the-photodissociation-of-carbonyl-sulfide-near-234%C3%A2-nm
#6
Dimitris Sofikitis, Jaime Suarez, Johan A Schmidt, T Peter Rakitzis, Stavros C Farantos, Maurice H M Janssen
We report the observation of recoil inversion of the CO (v=0, J_{CO}=66) state in the UV dissociation of lab-frame oriented carbonyl sulfide (OCS). This state is ejected in the opposite direction with respect to all other (>30) states and in absence of any OCS rotation, thus resulting in spatial filtering of this particular high-J rovibrational state. This inversion is caused by resonances occurring in shallow local minima of the molecular potential, which bring the sulfur closer to the oxygen than the carbon atom, and is a striking example where such subtleties severely modify the photofragment trajectories...
June 23, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691700/exploring-the-hidden-interior-of-the-earth-with-directional-neutrino-measurements
#7
Michael Leyton, Stephen Dye, Jocelyn Monroe
Roughly 40% of the Earth's total heat flow is powered by radioactive decays in the crust and mantle. Geo-neutrinos produced by these decays provide important clues about the origin, formation and thermal evolution of our planet, as well as the composition of its interior. Previous measurements of geo-neutrinos have all relied on the detection of inverse beta decay reactions, which are insensitive to the contribution from potassium and do not provide model-independent information about the spatial distribution of geo-neutrino sources within the Earth...
July 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691085/microsecond-photocapacitance-transients-observed-using-a-charged-microcantilever-as-a-gated-mechanical-integrator
#8
Ryan P Dwyer, Sarah R Nathan, John A Marohn
How light is converted to electricity in blends of organic donor and acceptor molecules is an unsettled question, partly because the spatial heterogeneity present in these blends makes them challenging to characterize. Although scanned-probe measurements have provided crucially important microscopic insights into charge generation and transport in these blends, achieving the subnanosecond time resolution needed to directly observe the fate of photogenerated charges has proven difficult. We use a charged microcantilever as a gated mechanical integrator to record photocapacitance indirectly by measuring the accumulated change in cantilever phase as a function of the time delay between precisely synchronized voltage and light pulses...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688893/the-effects-of-temperature-activity-and-convection-on-the-plastron-po2-of-the-aquatic-bug-aphelocheirus-aestivalis-hemiptera-aphelocheiridae
#9
Karl K Jones, Stefan K Hetz, Roger S Seymour
The aquatic bug Aphelocheirus aestivalis (Fabricius 1794) utilises a plastron, a thin bubble layer on the surface of its body to extract O2 from the water. Millions of tiny hairs keep the bubble from collapsing, enabling the bug to remain submerged indefinitely. The development of fibre optic O2-probes has allowed measurements of O2 pressure (PO2) surrounding the plastron, and within the plastron although only for short periods. Here we developed methods to continuously measure plastron PO2, and investigate how it is affected by temperature (15, 20, 25°C), activity, and water circulation...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669404/ultra-sensitive-sequencing-identifies-high-prevalence-of-clonal-hematopoiesis-associated-mutations-throughout-adult-life
#10
Rocio Acuna-Hidalgo, Hilal Sengul, Marloes Steehouwer, Maartje van de Vorst, Sita H Vermeulen, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney, Joris A Veltman, Christian Gilissen, Alexander Hoischen
Clonal hematopoiesis results from somatic mutations in hematopoietic stem cells, which give an advantage to mutant cells, driving their clonal expansion and potentially leading to leukemia. The acquisition of clonal hematopoiesis-driver mutations (CHDMs) occurs with normal aging and these mutations have been detected in more than 10% of individuals ≥65 years. We aimed to examine the prevalence and characteristics of CHDMs throughout adult life. We developed a targeted re-sequencing assay combining high-throughput with ultra-high sensitivity based on single-molecule molecular inversion probes (smMIPs)...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665134/monolithic-oled-microwire-devices-for-ultrastrong-magnetic-resonant-excitation
#11
Shirin Jamali, Gajadhar Joshi, Hans Malissa, John M Lupton, Christoph Boehme
Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) make highly sensitive probes to test magnetic resonance phenomena under unconventional conditions since spin precession controls singlet-triplet transitions of electron-hole pairs, which in turn give rise to distinct recombination currents in conductivity. Electron paramagnetic resonance can therefore be detected in the absence of spin polarization. We exploit this characteristic to explore the exotic regime of ultrastrong light-matter coupling, where the Rabi frequency of a charge carrier spin is of the order of the transition frequency of the two-level system...
June 30, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653045/ultrasound-needle-visibility-in-contrast-mode-imaging-an-in-vitro-and-ex-vivo-study
#12
Marga B Rominger, Katharina Martini, Evelyn Dappa, Gilbert Puippe, Volker Klingmüller, Thomas Frauenfelder, Sergio J Sanabria
PURPOSE: To evaluate needle visibility in ultrasound under contrast mode conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Needle visibility was evaluated for bevel, EchoTip (®) and shaft of 18G Chiba biopsy needle with a 9 MHz linear probe (GE Logiq E9). Insertion angles varied between 30°(steep) and 90°(parallel to the probe surface). The acoustic output varied from 5-28%. 2 different contrast mode presets with either 'Amplitude Modulation' (Penetration) or 'Phase Inversion Harmonics' (High Resolution) were assessed...
April 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640297/preparation-of-tetrazine-containing-2-1-complexes-of-99m-tc-and-in-vivo-targeting-using-bioorthogonal-inverse-electron-demand-diels-alder-chemistry
#13
Abdolreza Yazdani, Nancy Janzen, Shannon Czorny, Robert G Ungard, Tanya Miladinovic, Gurmit Singh, John F Valliant
The aim of this work was to synthesize and evaluate [2 + 1] (99m)Tc(i) polypyridine complexes containing tetrazines, which along with the corresponding Re(i) complexes, represent a new class of isostructural nuclear and turn-on luminescent probes that can be derivatized and targeted using bioorthogonal chemistry. To this end, [2 + 1] complexes of (99m)Tc(i) of the type [(99m)Tc(CO)3(N^N)(L)] (N^N = bathophenanthroline disulfonate (BPS) or 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy)), where the monodentate ligand (L) was a tetrazine linked to the metal through an imidazole derivative, were prepared...
June 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637495/diurnal-variation-in-the-core-interthreshold-zone-and-its-relation-to-cutaneous-sensation-threshold-zone
#14
Naoshi Kakitsuba, Igor B Mekjavic
BACKGROUND: The core interthreshold zone (CIZ) is defined as the range between temperatures at the onset of shivering and sweating. Its circadian or diurnal variation has not been extensively studied. The present study examined whether the CIZ is subject to a diurnal rhythm. In addition, according to the previous finding that the CIZ was proportionally correlated with peripheral interthreshold zone (PIZ), it was also examined whether cutaneous sensation threshold zone (CSZ), a determinant of the PIZ, is correlated with the CIZ...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629565/a-tri-exponential-model-for-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-analysis-of-the-human-kidney-in-silico-and-during-pharmacological-renal-perfusion-modulation
#15
René van der Bel, Oliver J Gurney-Champion, Martijn Froeling, Erik S G Stroes, Aart J Nederveen, C T Paul Krediet
In the kidneys, there is both blood flow through the capillaries and flow of pre-urine through the tubuli and collecting ducts. We hypothesized that diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI measures both blood and pre-urine flow when using a tri-exponential intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) model. Our aim was to systematically investigate and optimize tri-exponential IVIM-analysis for the kidney and test its sensitivity to renal perfusion changes in humans. The tri-exponential fit probes the diffusion coefficient (D), the intermediate (D*i) and fast (D*f) pseudo-diffusion coefficients, and their signal fractions, fD, fi and ff...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627547/probing-the-electronic-structure-of-a-copper-ii-complex-by-cw-and-pulse-epr-spectroscopy
#16
Zoi G Lada, Yiannis Sanakis, Catherine P Raptopoulou, Vassilis Psycharis, Spyros P Perlepes, George Mitrikas
Nucleophilic attack by the carbanion (-):CH2COCH3 at the carbonyl group of di-2-pyridyl ketone, (py)2CO, in the presence of Cu(II) under moderately basic conditions has yielded the cationic mononuclear complex [Cu{(py)2C(CH2COCH3)(OH)}2](NO3)2·2H2O (1·2H2O) in ∼40% yield, where (py)2C(CH2COCH3)(OH) is the ligand bis(2-pyridine-2-yl)butane-1-ol-3-one. The Cu(II) atom of the cation sits on a crystallographically imposed inversion center. The neutral molecule is coordinated to the metal ion as a tridentate fac chelating ligand through the hydroxyl oxygen atom and two 2-pyridyl nitrogen atoms...
June 19, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627113/can-tissue-dielectric-constant-measurements-assess-circulating-blood-volume-changes-in-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis
#17
Ken-Taro Toyooka, Hidetomo Niwa, Eiji Hashiba, Kazuyoshi Hirota
BACKGROUND: The tissue dielectric constant (TDC) method uses an open-ended coaxial probe to achieve non-invasive measurement of water content in skin. The aim of our study was to test the hypothesis that the changes in circulating blood volume would be associated with the changes in TDC values in patients undergoing haemodialysis. METHODS: In this prospective descriptive study, TDC measurements were performed for three parts of the body (the face, shin and hand) before and after patients underwent haemodialysis (N = 83)...
June 18, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626551/pickering-emulsions-stabilized-by-coloured-organic-pigment-particles
#18
Bernard P Binks, Samuel O Olusanya
The possibility of stabilizing emulsions of water and non-polar alkane with pure, coloured organic pigment particles is explored. Seven pigment types each possessing a primary colour of the rainbow were selected. Their solubility in water or heptane was determined using a spectrophotometric method and their surface energies were derived from the contact angles of probe liquids on compressed disks of the particles. As expected, most of the pigments are relatively hydrophobic but pigment orange is quite hydrophilic...
January 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623744/obtaining-sparse-distributions-in-2d-inverse-problems
#19
A Reci, A J Sederman, L F Gladden
The mathematics of inverse problems has relevance across numerous estimation problems in science and engineering. L1 regularization has attracted recent attention in reconstructing the system properties in the case of sparse inverse problems; i.e., when the true property sought is not adequately described by a continuous distribution, in particular in Compressed Sensing image reconstruction. In this work, we focus on the application of L1 regularization to a class of inverse problems; relaxation-relaxation, T1-T2, and diffusion-relaxation, D-T2, correlation experiments in NMR, which have found widespread applications in a number of areas including probing surface interactions in catalysis and characterizing fluid composition and pore structures in rocks...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621320/genomic-analysis-of-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-by-molecular-inversion-probe-array-reveals-tumor-suppressor-driven-biology
#20
Erica F Andersen, Christian N Paxton, Dennis P O'Malley, Abner Louissaint, Jason L Hornick, Gabriel K Griffin, Yuri Fedoriw, Young S Kim, Lawrence M Weiss, Sherrie L Perkins, Sarah T South
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of dendritic cell origin that is currently poorly characterized by genetic studies. To investigate whether recurrent genomic alterations may underlie the biology of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma and to identify potential contributory regions and genes, molecular inversion probe array analysis was performed on 14 independent formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples. Abnormal genomic profiles were observed in 11 out of 14 (79%) cases. The majority showed extensive genomic complexity that was predominantly represented by hemizygous losses affecting multiple chromosomes...
June 16, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
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