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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629565/a-tri-exponential-model-for-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-analysis-of-the-human-kidney-in-silico-and-during-pharmacological-renal-perfusion-modulation
#1
René van der Bel, Oliver J Gurney-Champion, Martijn Froeling, Erik S G Stroes, Aart J Nederveen, C T Paul Krediet
In the kidneys, there is both blood flow through the capillaries and flow of pre-urine through the tubuli and collecting ducts. We hypothesized that diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI measures both blood and pre-urine flow when using a tri-exponential intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) model. Our aim was to systematically investigate and optimize tri-exponential IVIM-analysis for the kidney and test its sensitivity to renal perfusion changes in humans. The tri-exponential fit probes the diffusion coefficient (D), the intermediate (D*i) and fast (D*f) pseudo-diffusion coefficients, and their signal fractions, fD, fi and ff...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627547/probing-the-electronic-structure-of-a-copper-ii-complex-by-cw-and-pulse-epr-spectroscopy
#2
Zoi G Lada, Yiannis Sanakis, Catherine P Raptopoulou, Vassilis Psycharis, Spyros P Perlepes, George Mitrikas
Nucleophilic attack by the carbanion (-):CH2COCH3 at the carbonyl group of di-2-pyridyl ketone, (py)2CO, in the presence of Cu(II) under moderately basic conditions has yielded the cationic mononuclear complex [Cu{(py)2C(CH2COCH3)(OH)}2](NO3)2·2H2O (1·2H2O) in ∼40% yield, where (py)2C(CH2COCH3)(OH) is the ligand bis(2-pyridine-2-yl)butane-1-ol-3-one. The Cu(II) atom of the cation sits on a crystallographically imposed inversion center. The neutral molecule is coordinated to the metal ion as a tridentate fac chelating ligand through the hydroxyl oxygen atom and two 2-pyridyl nitrogen atoms...
June 19, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627113/can-tissue-dielectric-constant-measurements-assess-circulating-blood-volume-changes-in-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis
#3
Ken-Taro Toyooka, Hidetomo Niwa, Eiji Hashiba, Kazuyoshi Hirota
BACKGROUND: The tissue dielectric constant (TDC) method uses an open-ended coaxial probe to achieve non-invasive measurement of water content in skin. The aim of our study was to test the hypothesis that the changes in circulating blood volume would be associated with the changes in TDC values in patients undergoing haemodialysis. METHODS: In this prospective descriptive study, TDC measurements were performed for three parts of the body (the face, shin and hand) before and after patients underwent haemodialysis (N = 83)...
June 18, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626551/pickering-emulsions-stabilized-by-coloured-organic-pigment-particles
#4
Bernard P Binks, Samuel O Olusanya
The possibility of stabilizing emulsions of water and non-polar alkane with pure, coloured organic pigment particles is explored. Seven pigment types each possessing a primary colour of the rainbow were selected. Their solubility in water or heptane was determined using a spectrophotometric method and their surface energies were derived from the contact angles of probe liquids on compressed disks of the particles. As expected, most of the pigments are relatively hydrophobic but pigment orange is quite hydrophilic...
January 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623744/obtaining-sparse-distributions-in-2d-inverse-problems
#5
A Reci, A J Sederman, L F Gladden
The mathematics of inverse problems has relevance across numerous estimation problems in science and engineering. L1 regularization has attracted recent attention in reconstructing the system properties in the case of sparse inverse problems; i.e., when the true property sought is not adequately described by a continuous distribution, in particular in Compressed Sensing image reconstruction. In this work, we focus on the application of L1 regularization to a class of inverse problems; relaxation-relaxation, T1-T2, and diffusion-relaxation, D-T2, correlation experiments in NMR, which have found widespread applications in a number of areas including probing surface interactions in catalysis and characterizing fluid composition and pore structures in rocks...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621320/genomic-analysis-of-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-by-molecular-inversion-probe-array-reveals-tumor-suppressor-driven-biology
#6
Erica F Andersen, Christian N Paxton, Dennis P O'Malley, Abner Louissaint, Jason L Hornick, Gabriel K Griffin, Yuri Fedoriw, Young S Kim, Lawrence M Weiss, Sherrie L Perkins, Sarah T South
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of dendritic cell origin that is currently poorly characterized by genetic studies. To investigate whether recurrent genomic alterations may underlie the biology of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma and to identify potential contributory regions and genes, molecular inversion probe array analysis was performed on 14 independent formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples. Abnormal genomic profiles were observed in 11 out of 14 (79%) cases. The majority showed extensive genomic complexity that was predominantly represented by hemizygous losses affecting multiple chromosomes...
June 16, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619888/response-to-comment-on-xist-recruits-the-x-chromosome-to-the-nuclear-lamina-to-enable-chromosome-wide-silencing
#7
Chun-Kan Chen, Amy Chow, Mason Lai, Mitchell Guttman
Wang et al question whether Lamin B receptor is required for Xist-mediated silencing because they claim that our cells contain an inversion rather than a deletion. We present evidence that these cells contain a proper deletion and that the confusion is caused by DNA probes used in the experiment. Accordingly, the points raised have no effect on the conclusions in our paper.
June 16, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607991/electrochemistry-of-single-droplets-of-inverse-water-in-oil-emulsions
#8
Haozhi Zhang, Lior Sepunaru, Stanislav V Sokolov, Eduardo Laborda, Christopher Batchelor-McAuley, Richard G Compton
We demonstrate the feasibility of electrochemically detecting individual water droplets dispersed in an oil phase (inverse emulsions) via the use of a redox probe confined in the droplet phase. The water droplets were tagged with potassium ferrocyanide, and were injected into an electrolyte cyclohexene/dichloromethane oil solution. Via simple cyclic voltammetry scans it is shown that single water droplets from a water-in-oil emulsion can be detected provided that rapid anion transfer from the oil to the water phase maintains electro-neutrality in the droplet...
June 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600242/advanced-fast-3d-electromagnetic-solver-for-microwave-tomography-imaging
#9
Nikolai Simonov, Bo-Ra Kim, Kwang-Jae Lee, Soon-Ik Jeon, Seong-Ho Son
This paper describes a fast forward electromagnetic solver (FFS) for the image reconstruction algorithm of our microwave tomography (MT) system. Our apparatus is a preclinical prototype of a biomedical imaging system, designed for the purpose of early breast cancer detection. It operates in the 3-6 GHz frequency band using a circular array of probe antennas immersed in a matching liquid; it produces image reconstructions of the permittivity and conductivity profiles of the breast under examination. Our reconstruction algorithm solves the electromagnetic inverse problem and takes into account the real electromagnetic properties of the probe antenna array as well as the influence of the patient's body and that of the upper metal screen sheet...
June 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596947/molecular-mechanisms-of-hypoxia-in-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Amarnath Challapalli, Laurence Carroll, Eric O Aboagye
PURPOSE: Hypoxia is a condition of insufficient oxygen to support metabolism which occurs when the vascular supply is interrupted, or when a tumour outgrows its vascular supply. It is a negative prognostic factor due to its association with an aggressive tumour phenotype and therapeutic resistance. This review provides an overview of hypoxia imaging with Positron emission tomography (PET), with an emphasis on the biological relevance, mechanism of action, highlighting advantages, and limitations of the currently available hypoxia radiotracers...
2017: Clinical and Translational Imaging: Reviews in Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589726/tri-needle-coaxial-electrospray-engineering-of-magnetic-polymer-yolk-shell-particles-possessing-dual-imaging-modality-multiagent-compartments-and-trigger-release-potential
#11
Chunchen Zhang, Zhi-Cheng Yao, Qiuping Ding, James J Choi, Zeeshan Ahmad, Ming-Wei Chang, Jing-Song Li
Particulate platforms capable of delivering multiple actives as well as providing diagnostic features have gained considerable interest over the last few years. In this study, magnetic polymer yolk-shell particles (YSPs) were engineered using a tri-needle coaxial electrospraying technique enabling dual-mode (ultrasonic and magnetic resonance) imaging capability with specific multidrug compartments via an advanced single-step encapsulation process. YSPs comprised magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (MNPs) embedded in the polymeric shell, an interfacing oil layer, and a polymeric core (i...
June 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577599/molecular-inversion-probes-equipped-with-discontinuous-rolling-cycle-amplification-for-targeting-nucleotide-variants-determining-smn1-and-smn2-genes-in-diagnosis-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#12
Hwang-Shang Kou, Chun-Chi Wang
The novel techniques of molecular inversion probes (MIPs) combined with discontinuous rolling cycle amplification (DRCA) was developed for determination of the multi-nucleotide variants at single base. The different-length MIPs, a padlock-probe based technology, are designed to simultaneously recognize the identical nucleotide variants. After ligation and DRCA, the different-length genetic products representing the certain genotypes could be simply determined by the short-end capillary electrophoresis (CE) method...
July 18, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572909/green-to-far-red-emitting-fluorogenic-tetrazine-probes-synthetic-access-and-no-wash-protein-imaging-inside-living-cells
#13
Achim Wieczorek, Philipp Werther, Jonas Euchner, Richard Wombacher
Fluorogenic probes for bioorthogonal labeling chemistry are highly beneficial to reduce background signal in fluorescence microscopy imaging. 1,2,4,5-Tetrazines are known substrates for the bioorthogonal inverse electron demand Diels-Alder reaction (DAinv) and tetrazine substituted fluorophores can exhibit fluorogenic properties. Herein, we report the synthesis of a palette of novel fluorogenic tetrazine dyes derived from widely-used fluorophores that cover the entire emission range from green to far-red. We demonstrate the power of the new fluorogenic probes in fixed and live cell labeling experiments and present the first example of intracellular live cell protein imaging using tetrazine-based probes under no-wash conditions...
February 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572161/ultrasensitive-detection-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-minimal-residual-disease-using-single-molecule-molecular-inversion-probes
#14
Adam Waalkes, Kelsi Penewit, Brent L Wood, David Wu, Stephen J Salipante
The identification of minimal residual disease is the primary diagnostic finding which predicts relapse in patients treated for acute myeloid leukemia. Ultrasensitive detection of minimal residual disease would enable better patient risk stratification and could open opportunities for early therapeutic intervention. Here we apply single molecule molecular inversion probe capture, a technology combining multiplexed targeted sequencing with error correction schemes based on molecular barcoding, to detect mutations identifying minimal residual disease with ultrasensitive and quantitative precision...
June 1, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557696/comparative-cytogenetics-of-the-black-ghost-knifefish-gymnotiformes-apteronotidae-evidence-of-chromosomal-fusion-and-pericentric-inversions-in-karyotypes-of-two-apteronotus-species
#15
Carlos Alexandre Fernandes, Leonardo Marcel Paiz, Lucas Baumgärtner, Vladimir Pavan Margarido, Margarida Maria de Rossi Vieira
The karyotype and chromosomal characteristics of Apteronotus albifrons and Apteronotus caudimaculosus collected from populations of two different large Brazilian river basins were analyzed by conventional and molecular cytogenetic techniques, to contribute to the differentiation and identification of the species in this genus. The diploid chromosome number was 2n = 24 for A. albifrons, but with difference in the karyotype structure and fundamental number values between two populations under study. In A...
May 30, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555944/association-of-salivary-peroxidase-activity-and-concentration-with-periodontal-health-a-validity-study
#16
M Memarzadeh Zahedani, Ch Schwahn, R Baguhl, Th Kocher, H Below, A Welk
AIM: Whereas the relationship between myeloperoxidase and periodontitis has been widely examined, that between salivary peroxidase and periodontitis has received little attention. We examined how periodontitis depends on both salivary peroxidase activity and concentration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A full mouth, clinical assessment of probing depth was performed in a sample of 46 participants aged 25-54 years. To minimize bias, these data were corrected by data from the general population (Study of Health in Pomerania)...
May 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541628/high-risk-human-papillomavirus-genotype-distribution-and-attribution-to-cervical-cancer-and-precancerous-lesions-in-a-rural-chinese-population
#17
Xue Lian Zhao, Shang Ying Hu, Qian Zhang, Li Dong, Rui Mei Feng, Ross Han, Fang Hui Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the genotype distribution of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and its attribution to different grades of cervical lesions in rural China, which will contribute to type-specific HPV screening tests and the development of new polyvalent HPV vaccines among the Chinese population. METHODS: One thousand two hundred ninety-two subjects were followed based on the Shanxi Province Cervical Cancer Screening Study I (SPOCCS-I), and screened by HPV DNA testing (hybrid capture® 2 [HC2]), liquid-based cytology (LBC), and if necessary, directed or random colposcopy-guided quadrant biopsies...
July 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540698/introduction-on-using-the-fastpcr-software-and-the-related-java-web-tools-for-pcr-and-oligonucleotide-assembly-and-analysis
#18
Ruslan Kalendar, Timofey V Tselykh, Bekbolat Khassenov, Erlan M Ramanculov
This chapter introduces the FastPCR software as an integrated tool environment for PCR primer and probe design, which predicts properties of oligonucleotides based on experimental studies of the PCR efficiency. The software provides comprehensive facilities for designing primers for most PCR applications and their combinations. These include the standard PCR as well as the multiplex, long-distance, inverse, real-time, group-specific, unique, overlap extension PCR for multi-fragments assembling cloning and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535348/coarse-grained-modeling-of-polyethylene-melts-effect-on-dynamics
#19
Brandon L Peters, K Michael Salerno, Anupriya Agrawal, Dvora Perahia, Gary S Grest
The distinctive viscoelastic behavior of polymers results from a coupled interplay of motion on multiple length and time scales. Capturing the broad time and length scales of polymer motion remains a challenge. Using polyethylene (PE) as a model macromolecule, we construct coarse-grained (CG) models of PE with three to six methyl groups per CG bead and probe two critical aspects of the technique: pressure corrections required after iterative Boltzmann inversion (IBI) to generate CG potentials that match the pressure of reference fully atomistic melt simulations and the transferability of CG potentials across temperatures...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534623/young-s-modulus-of-wurtzite-and-zinc-blende-inp-nanowires
#20
Mikhail Dunaevskiy, Pavel Geydt, Erkki Lähderanta, Prokhor Alekseev, Tuomas Haggrén, Joona-Pekko Kakko, Hua Jiang, Harri Lipsanen
The Young's modulus of thin conical InP nanowires with either wurtzite or mixed "zinc blende/wurtzite" structures was measured. It has been shown that the value of Young's modulus obtained for wurtzite InP nanowires (E[0001] = 130 ± 30 GPa) was similar to the theoretically predicted value for the wurtzite InP material (E[0001] = 120 ± 10 GPa). The Young's modulus of mixed "zinc blende/wurtzite" InP nanowires (E[111] = 65 ± 10 GPa) appeared to be 40% less than the theoretically predicted value for the zinc blende InP material (E[111] = 110 GPa)...
June 14, 2017: Nano Letters
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