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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332370/hallmarks-in-the-evolution-of-gynaecological-cancer-surgery-the-famous-pioneers-in-children
#1
Marianna Karamanou, Nikolaos Salakos, Ioannis Grammatikakis, George Androutsos
At the beginning of the 19th century, gynaecological cancer, mainly cancer of the uterus and cervix was a dreadful, incurable affection. However, the popularization of the three fundamentals in surgery, anesthesia, asepsis and haemostasis, ushered the golden age of operative gynaecology. During that period distinguished surgeons/gynaecologists such as Friedrich Benjamin Osiander (1759-1822), Elias von Siebold (1775-1828) and Joseph-Claude-Anthelme Récamier (1774-1852) contributed to the development of the operative techniques, providing a therapeutic solution in gynaecological cancer...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332367/the-role-of-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-tkis-as-adjuvant-treatment-for-renal-cancer-where-do-we-stand-today
#2
Charalampos Fragkoulis, Georgios Papadopoulos, Ioannis Gkialas, Konstantinos Ntoumas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332358/a-study-on-basic-demographic-and-disease-characteristics-of-cancer-diagnosed-syrian-refugees-treated-in-the-border-city-of-turkey-sanliurfa-a-hospital-based-retrospective-case-series-study
#3
Yasemin Bakkal Temi, Ali Murat Sedef, Serkan Gokcay, Hatice Coskun, Sedenay Oskeroglu Kaplan, Ozlem Ozkul, Huseyin Mertsoylu, Fatih Kose
PURPOSE: Turkey hosts around 3 million Syrian refugees which is more than any other country in the world. Along with some other adaptation issues like cultural, language, and economic difficulties, significant problems in managing medical problems, chronic diseases like cancer in particular, have to be fixed. However, there are few studies which explore main patient and clinicopathological characteristics in Syrian refugees with cancer. The purpose of this study was to highlight the aforementioned characteristics along with management issues after cancer diagnosis of these patients...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332355/antitumor-activity-of-4-o-methylhonokiol-in-human-oral-cancer-cells-is-mediated-via-ros-generation-disruption-of-mitochondrial-potential-cell-cycle-arrest-and-modulation-of-bcl-2-bax-proteins
#4
Sha Xiao, Fan Chen, Chengzhi Gao
PURPOSE: The plant-derived natural product 4-O-methylhonokiol (MH) has been reported to possess tremendous pharmacological potential ranging from neuroprotection to anticancer activity. However, the anticancer activity of MH in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells has not been evaluated. In the present study, MH was evaluated for its anticancer activity against OSSC PE/CA-PJ41 cells and the possible underlying mechanism was determined. METHODS: Cell cytotoxicity was evaluated by colorimetrybased MTT assay while the effects on cell cycle phase distribution were assessed by flow cytometry...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332354/inhibition-of-telomerase-potentiates-enzalutamide-efficiency-of-androgen-sensitive-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#5
Karaca Kaan Gecgel, Mustafa Muduroglu, Suat Erdogan
PURPOSE: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is one of the main strategies to treat prostate cancer (PCa) at various stages of its development. Androgen receptor (AR) antagonists such as enzalutamide are mainstay treatments for castration-sensitive prostate cancer. Though, a majority of patients initially respond to ADT, most will eventually progress to castrate-resistant, due to the development of different mutations on the AR. PCa cells express high telomerase activity, and there is a correlation between the total activity of telomerase and the Gleason score...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332353/aesculetin-6-7-dihydroxycoumarin-exhibits-potent-and-selective-antitumor-activity-in-human-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells-thp-1-via-induction-of-mitochondrial-mediated-apoptosis-and-cancer-cell-migration-inhibition
#6
Jian Gong, Wei-Guo Zhang, Xiao-Fen Feng, Mei-Juan Shao, Chao Xing
PURPOSE: The main target of the present research was to examine the antitumor properties of aesculetin in human acute myeloid leukemia cancer cells (THP-1) and peripheral blood mono-nucleated cells (PBMCs) (used as normal cell line model) along with the determination of its effects on induction of apoptosis, inhibition of cancer cell migration and changes in Bcl-2/Bax protein expressions. METHODS: MTT colorimetric bioassay was performed to study the impact of this natural compound on cytotoxicity of both cell types...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332350/short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-in-elderly-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
H Zhao, Gang Liu, S Wei, H Liu
PURPOSE: In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of elderly patients undergoing surgery for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, there are few studies on short- and long-term outcomes of minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) in such patients. The purpose of this study was to report both short- and long-term outcomes of MIE in elderly patients with ESCC. METHODS: A total of 273 patients with ESCC underwent MIE at our hospital from January 2010 to December 2016...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332349/characteristics-and-clinical-significance-of-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-lymph-node-metastasis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Longfei Ma, Jiaqing Xiang, Yawei Zhang, Hong Hu, Rongrong Shao, Dong Lin
PURPOSE: The recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph nodes (RLN LNs) are among the most common metastatic sites in esophageal cancer, and the dissection of these lymph nodes (LNs) is considered beneficial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of RLN LN metastases from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and the effects of these metastases on the prognosis of patients. In addition, we aimed to determine the reasonable range of dissection of regional LNs. METHODS: The clinical data from 348 patients who underwent resection for esophageal carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332347/genetically-engineered-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-co-expressing-ifn-%C3%AE-and-il-10-inhibit-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-modulating-mapk-pathway
#9
Hao Wang, Jun Wang, Xiaolei Shi, Yitao Ding
PURPOSE: One of the major challenges in delivering cytokines for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the mode of delivery. This study hypothesized that genetically engineered bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) co-expressing IFN-γ and IL-10 can serve as a potential therapeutic strategy in the treatment of HCC by inhibiting cell proliferation. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=5, 200-250 g) for BMSCs isolation and Nude/SCID mice (n=35,12-20g) to develop liver cancer xenograft model were used...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332346/vaginal-packing-volume-impact-on-dose-parameters-during-radiography-and-computed-tomography-based-postoperative-brachytherapy-of-cervical-carcinoma
#10
Aleksandar Tomasevic, Vesna Plesinac-Karapandzic, Suzana Stojanovic-Rundic, Sandra Vuckovic, Jasmina Stevanovic, Dusica Gavrilovic, Mirjan Nadrljanski
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of the vaginal packing volume on the registered dose parameters evaluated by radiography (2D) and computed tomography (CT) (3D) based brachytherapy planning in cervical cancer patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy. METHODS: The postoperative radiotherapy was performed in 40 cervical cancer patients with increased risk for disease relapse. Both, radiography and CT based brachytherapy planning were done in all patients...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332345/correlation-between-mir-19a-inhibition-and-radiosensitivity-in-siha-cervical-cancer-cells
#11
Yina Wang, Yang Wang, Wei Zhong, Kuerban Gulina
PURPOSE: MicroRNAs (miRs) have been implicated in many aspects of tumor cell development and survival, including sensitivity to radiotherapy. In particular, miR-19a regulates the proliferation of cervical cancer cells, but its role in radiosensitivity is not known. Here, we describe the consequence of silencing miR-19a using antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) on the radiosensitivity of human cervical cancer SiHa cells. METHODS: Following transfection with miR-19a-ASO or control-ASO, SiHa cells were exposed to X-rays to determine their proliferation...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332344/in-vitro-antitumor-activity-of-guttiferone-a-in-human-breast-cancer-cells-is-mediated-via-apoptosis-mitochondrial-mediated-oxidative-stress-and-reactive-oxygen-species-production
#12
Hai-Ming Wu, Yu-Mei Li
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer and is considered as the main cause of cancer related death in females. It is estimated that about one-third of women with breast cancer develop metastases and eventually die of this disease. The main treatment options for breast cancer include surgical interventions followed by chemotherapy, hormonotherapy or radiation. However, the side effects associated with the treatment of breast cancer negatively affects the quality of patient's life...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332343/clinical-relevance-of-telomerase-polymorphism-for-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#13
Katherine de Souza Rodrigues, Joao Nunes de Matos Neto, Rodrigo Haddad, Diego Madureira de Oliveira
PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review to explore the clinical relevance of hTERT polymorphisms for breast cancer (BC). METHODS: Twenty-nine polymorphic regions were evaluated after comprehensive searching of 1236 articles, and selection of 9 publications (total of 12986 cases and 16758 controls). RESULTS: About the influence of hTERT variants in BC risk, 3 studies showed that the variant rs2736098 was associated with increasing risk. The variants rs10069690 and rs2853676 were also described as risk factors for BC...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332342/study-on-the-association-between-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway-gene-polymorphism-and-susceptibility-to-gastric-cancer
#14
Lei Qi, Kewen Sun, Yun Zhuang, Jing Yang, Jianping Chen
PURPOSE: Excessive activation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway is one of the most common changes in human cancers, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) existing in its functional region can affect the occurrence process of a variety of cancers. This study aimed to screen out the SNPs associated with susceptibility to gastric cancer in the PI3K/AKT/mT0R signaling pathway. METHODS: In this case-control study, the tagging SNPs in the promoter region5'-UTR, exon region or 3'-UTR of PIK3CA, PIK3CB, PIK3R1, PIK3R2, PIK3R3, AKT1, AKT2, AKT3 and mTOR genes were screened out...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332341/association-of-the-combined-parameters-including-the-frequency-of-primary-cilia-cd8-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-and-pd-1-expression-with-the-outcome-in-intestinal-cancer
#15
Josef Dvorak, Dimitar Hadzi Nikolov, Ladislav Dusek, Alzbeta Filipova, Igor Richter, David Buka, Ales Ryska, Jaroslav Mokry, Stanislav Filip, Bohuslav Melichar, Tomas Buchler, Jitka Abrahamova
PURPOSE: Primary cilium (PC) is considered to be a functional homologue of the immune synapse. Microtubule structures, PC of cancer associated fibroblasts and immune synapses between cytotoxic CD8+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and cancer cells, are regularly found in varying amounts in the microenvironment of solid tumors. The purpose of this study was to find out the potential association and combined prognostic significance of the frequency of PC, PD-1 and CD8+ TILs in patients with intestinal cancer...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332340/imperatorin-shows-selective-antitumor-effects-in-sgc-7901-human-gastric-adenocarcinoma-cells-by-inducing-apoptosis-cell-cycle-arrest-and-targeting-pi3k-akt-m-tor-signalling-pathway
#16
J U Am, W J Gong, Y Su, Z B Mou
PURPOSE: The main purpose of the present study was to determine the anticancer properties of imperatorin - a naturally occurring coumarin compound - against SGC-7901 human gastric adenocarcinoma cells and the mouse fibroblast cell line 3T3 (normal cell line). METHODS: Imperatorin effects on apoptosis induction, cell cycle phase distribution and PI3K/Akt/m-TOR signalling pathways were studied. MTT cell viability assay examined the compound's cytotoxic potential, while inverted phase contrast microscopy and fluorescence microscopy techniques were used to study morphological changes induced in SGC-7901 cells by imperatorin...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332339/p21-does-but-p53-does-not-predict-pathological-response-to-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#17
Suzana Stojanovic-Rundic, Radmila Jankovic, Marjan Micev, Vladimir Nikolic, Ivan Popov, Dusica Gavrilovic, Vesna Plesinac-Karapandzic, Aleksandra Djuric-Stefanovic, Zoran Krivokapic, Sinisa Radulovic
PURPOSE: Preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is the standard treatment option in locally advanced rectal cancer. The tumor response is assessed through tumor and nodal downstaging and the tumor regression grade. Currently, there is no method to predict a tumor response to CRT. We aimed to evaluate whether p21 and p53 expressions could be a reliable predictors of pathological response to CRT. METHODS: Fifty patients with locally advanced rectal cancer were treated with preoperative radiotherapy combined with mitomycin C and capecitabine...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332338/x-ray-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-sw480-colorectal-cancer-cells-and-its-potential-mechanisms
#18
Suyong Lin, Shaoqin Chen, Zhihua Chen, Qibao Dai, Chunlin Ke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between X-ray irradiation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), as well as the potential mechanisms of X-ray-induced EMT in SW480 colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. METHODS: It is well known that EMT plays a critical role in invasive and metastatic of colorectal cancer progression. However, the possible role of X-ray irradiation on EMT in colorectal cancer is widely disputed and its potential mechanisms are unclear...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332337/systemic-treatment-and-primary-tumor-location-in-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#19
Efstathios Antoniou, Nikolaos Andreatos, Georgios A Margonis, Apostolos Papalois, Jaeyun Wang, Christos Damaskos, Nikolaos Garmpis, Stefan Buettner, Amar Deshwar, Vasilios Pappas, Matthew J Weiss, Timothy M Pawlik, Emmanouel Pikoulis
PURPOSE: Tumor location (right-sided vs. left-sided) is known to exert a significant influence on the prognosis of primary colorectal cancer (CRC). Given the genetic continuity between primary and metastatic lesions, we aimed to summarize the existing literature on the prognostic implications of primary tumor site as well as to examine the response to chemotherapy by primary tumor location in patients with metastatic CRC (mCRC). METHODS: A structured review of the literature was performed between 6/1/2016-7/1/2016 using the Pubmed database...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332335/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-survival-in-serbian-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-analysis
#20
Ivan Pavlovic, Snezana Pejic, Sofija Glumac, Ana Todorovic, Vesna Stojiljkovic, Natasa Popovic, Ljubica Gavrilovic, Snezana B Pajovic, Sanja Radojevic-Skodric, Zoran Dzamic, Gordana Basta-Jovanovic
PURPOSE: Indications of kidney cancer outcome in lowerincome countries are based on an incidence/mortality ratio due to lack of survival information. This study was conducted to provide outcome data in Serbian patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to identify prognostic factors that could affect their overall survival (OS). METHODS: This retrospective study included 185 patients who underwent nephrectomy. We assessed certain clinicopathological data including age, gender, tumor size, grade, stage and histological subtypes for their possible impact on OS...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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