keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Derangement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079875/early-postnatal-illness-severity-scores-predict-neurodevelopmental-impairments-at-10-years-of-age-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#1
J W Logan, O Dammann, E N Allred, C Dammann, K Beam, R M Joseph, T M O'Shea, A Leviton, K C K Kuban
OBJECTIVE: A neonatal illness severity score, The Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-II (SNAP-II), predicts neurodevelopmental impairments at two years of age among children born extremely preterm. We sought to evaluate to what extent SNAP-II is predictive of cognitive and other neurodevelopmental impairments at 10 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: In a cohort of 874 children born before 28 weeks of gestation, we prospectively collected clinical, physiologic and laboratory data to calculate SNAP-II for each infant...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079150/sustained-kidney-biochemical-derangement-in-treated-experimental-diabetes-a-clue-to-metabolic-memory
#2
Antonio Anax F de Oliveira, Tiago F de Oliveira, Larissa L Bobadilla, Camila C M Garcia, Carolina Maria Berra, Nadja C de Souza-Pinto, Marisa H G Medeiros, Paolo Di Mascio, Roberto Zatz, Ana Paula de M Loureiro
The occurrence of biochemical alterations that last for a long period of time in diabetic individuals even after adequate handling of glycemia is an intriguing phenomenon named metabolic memory. In this study, we show that a kidney pathway is gradually altered during the course of diabetes and remains persistently changed after late glycemic control in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. This pathway comprises an early decline of uric acid clearance and pAMPK expression followed by fumarate accumulation, increased TGF-β expression, reduced PGC-1α expression, and downregulation of methylation and hydroxymethylation of mitochondrial DNA...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075397/the-sulfur-metabolite-lanthionine-evidence-for-a-role-as-a-novel-uremic-toxin
#3
REVIEW
Alessandra F Perna, Miriam Zacchia, Francesco Trepiccione, Diego Ingrosso
Lanthionine is a nonproteinogenic amino acid, composed of two alanine residues that are crosslinked on their β-carbon atoms by a thioether linkage. It is biosynthesized from the condensation of two cysteine molecules, while the related compound homolanthionine is formed from the condensation of two homocysteine molecules. The reactions can be carried out by either cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) or cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) independently, in the alternate reactions of the transsulfuration pathway devoted to hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis...
January 10, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074251/hyponatremia-and-fractures-should-hyponatremia-be-further-studied-as-a-potential-biochemical-risk-factor-to-be-included-in-frax-algorithms
#4
REVIEW
J C Ayus, T Bellido, A L Negri
The Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX®) was developed by the WHO Collaborating Centre for metabolic bone diseases to evaluate fracture risk of patients. It is based on patient models that integrate the risk associated with clinical variables and bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck. The clinical risk factors included in FRAX were chosen to include only well-established and independent variables related to skeletal fracture risk. The FRAX tool has acquired worldwide acceptance despite having several limitations...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073175/post-reperfusion-microcirculatory-derangements-after-liver-transplantation-relationship-to-hemodynamics-serum-mediators-and-outcome
#5
Carlo Pulitano, David Joseph, Charbel Sandroussi, Deborah Verran, Phong Ho, Ashe Debiasio, Adriano Luongo, Geoffrey W McCaughan, Nicholas Shackel, Michael Crawford
INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing data supporting the role of microcirculation in regulating liver function, little of this knowledge has been translated into clinical practice. The aim of this study is to quantify hepatic microcirculation in-vivo using sidestream dark-field (SDF) imaging and correlate these finding with hepatic blood flow, hemodynamic parameters, and soluble mediators. METHODS: Post-reperfusion hepatic microcirculation was assessed using SDF imaging...
January 10, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070865/sphingosine-1-phosphate-pretreatment-amends-hypoxia-induced-metabolic-dysfunction-and-impairment-of-myogenic-potential-in-differentiating-c2c12-myoblasts-by-stimulating-viability-calcium-homeostasis-and-energy-generation
#6
Babita Rahar, Sonam Chawla, Sanjay Pandey, Anant Narayan Bhatt, Shweta Saxena
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has a role in transpiration in patho-physiological signaling in skeletal muscles. The present study evaluated the pre-conditioning efficacy of S1P in facilitating differentiation of C2C12 myoblasts under a normoxic/hypoxic cell culture environment. Under normoxia, exogenous S1P significantly promoted C2C12 differentiation as evident from morphometric descriptors and differentiation markers of the mature myotubes, but it could facilitate only partial recovery from hypoxia-induced compromised differentiation...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070473/renal-infiltration-by-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-as-a-rare-cause-of-fanconi-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Shoab Saadat, Syed Nayer Mahmud, Asim Qureshi
We report the case of a 16-year-old female patient with a known history of coeliac disease, who presented with the complaints of diarrhea, vomiting and generalized body weakness. On examination, she was found to have dehydration, decreased power in all her limbs, cervical lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. Investigations showed severe hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia, hypoglycemia and mildly enlarged kidneys on ultrasonography. Biopsy of the duodenum confirmed the flare up of coeliac disease, while cervical lymph node biopsy was positive for atypical lymphoid infiltrate and a morphology suggestive of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma...
November 30, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069071/sporadic-cases-of-adult-measles-a-research-article
#8
Ranjan Premaratna, Nathasha Luke, Harsha Perera, Mahesh Gunathilake, Pubudu Amarasena, T G A Nilmini Chandrasena
BACKGROUND: Measles caused by a paramyxovirus, characterized by fever, malaise, cough, coryza conjunctivitis, a maculopapular rash is known to result in pneumonia, encephalitis and death. Fatal cases of measles in Sri Lanka are rare after implementation of the National Immunization Programme in 1984. Thereafter 0.1% case fatality rate was observed during October 1999-June 2000 which is a very low figure compared to other regional countries. Immunization guidelines were further revised in 2001, 2011 and in 2012 when additional immunization was recommended to age group 4-21 years; who are likely to have inadequate immunization, in order to achieve elimination of Measles by 2020...
January 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068626/effects-of-the-activation-of-heme-oxygenase-1-on-hormonal-and-metabolic-changes-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#9
Tomasz Szkudelski, Kamila Dłużewicz, Jan Sadoch, Katarzyna Szkudelska
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is the inducible isoform of the heme oxygenase system, which catalyzes heme degradation. Up-regulation of this enzyme under pathological conditions is associated with beneficial effects in the whole organism. However, the potential of HO-1 in the alleviation of disturbances induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) is poorly elucidated. The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of pharmacological activation of HO-1 by hemin on some hormones and metabolic parameters in rats fed an HFD for 8 weeks...
January 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068521/hiv-and-its-relationship-to-insulin-resistance-and-lipid-abnormalities
#10
REVIEW
Lemuel R Non, Gerome V Escota, William G Powderly
Antiretroviral therapy has revolutionized the care of people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by reducing morbidity and mortality from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related conditions. Despite longer life expectancy, however, HIV-infected individuals continue to have a higher risk of death compared with the general population. This has been attributed to the increasing incidence of noncommunicable diseases, in particular, atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. This is driven, in part, by the emergence of metabolic disorders, particularly dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and lipodystrophy, in those on antiretroviral therapy...
December 23, 2016: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065190/cholecalciferol-v-ergocalciferol-for-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-25-oh-d-repletion-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#11
James B Wetmore, Cassandra Kimber, Jonathan D Mahnken, Jason R Stubbs
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) demonstrate complex mineral metabolism derangements and a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. However, the optimal method of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) repletion is unknown, and trials analysing the comparative efficacy of cholecalciferol and ergocalciferol in this population are lacking. We conducted a randomised clinical trial of cholecalciferol 1250μg (50 000 IU) weekly v. ergocalciferol 1250μg (50 000 IU) weekly for 12 weeks in forty-four non-dialysis-dependent patients with stage 3-5 CKD...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064408/resveratrol-mediated-expression-of-klf15-in-the-ischemic-myocardium-is-associated-with-an-improved-cardiac-phenotype
#12
Russell G Rogers, Jeffrey S Otis
PURPOSE: Myocardial infarction results in physiological derangements that lead to structural and functional alterations to the myocardium. In addition, oxidative stress potentiates cardiac remodeling and drives disease progression. Unfortunately, treatment with antioxidants in clinical trials have failed to show any therapeutic benefits despite the positive results reported in animal studies, which warrants further investigation into their mechanism(s) of action. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to elucidate a previously unknown mechanism of action for the antioxidant, resveratrol, in the treatment of the ischemic heart...
January 7, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063328/long-term-persistence-of-inflammation-in-children-vaccinated-with-salmonella-conjugate-vaccine-is-associated-with-augmented-th9-th17-cytokine
#13
Chinnasamy Balaji, Vijayakumar Kevinkumar, Vivekanandhan Aravindhan
Vaccine induced serum cytokines not only serves as a biomarker of immunity but also serves as a reliable measure of inflammation. Long term persistence of inflammation can lead to metabolic derangement. Towards this end, in the present study, we measured levels of cytokines along with hormones (insulin, leptin and adiponectin) in children who have been vaccinated with Salmonella typhi Vi conjugate vaccine, 30months after vaccination. Vaccinated children showed a unique cytokine profile with suppressed Th1-Th2 and increased Th9-Th17 cytokines indicating immune polarization which was associated with decreased serum adiponectin (but not insulin or leptin) levels...
January 4, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062681/dialyzer-based-cell-salvage-system-a-superior-alternative-to-conventional-cell-salvage-in-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#14
Amber Malhotra, Pankaj Garg, Arvind Kumar Bishnoi, Pranav Sharma, Vivek Wadhawa, Komal Shah, Sanjay Patel, Umesh Kumar Ahirwar, Dayesh Rodricks, Himani Pandya
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to test the hypothesis that the use of a dialyzer-based cell salvage system during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) reduces requirements for homologous blood transfusions (HBT) and improves postoperative haemtochemical parameters. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected for 222 patients who had OPCABG using 3 different cell salvage techniques: (1) dialyzer-based cell salvage (DBCS) (n = 75), (2) conventional cell salvage (CCS) (n = 73) and (3) without cell salvage (WCS) (n = 74)...
January 6, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059841/insights-into-cardiorenal-interactions-in-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#15
Feras M Bader, Nizar Attallah
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is one of the biggest challenges in the management of chronic heart failure. Despite the advances in medical and device therapy, high readmission and mortality rates continue to be a burden on healthcare systems worldwide. One of the strongest predictors of adverse outcomes in ADHF is renal dysfunction, referred to as cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) type 1. This review discusses some of the recently introduced findings related to the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of this disorder...
January 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054366/the-role-of-molecular-pain-biomarkers-in-temporomandibular-joint-internal-derangement
#16
REVIEW
Malin Ernberg
There is evidence that low-grade inflammation may be responsible for pain and development of degenerative changes in temporomandibular joint internal derangement. This article reviews the current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms behind TMJ internal derangements. A non-systematic search was carried out in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library for studies regarding pathophysiological mechanisms behind internal derangements focusing on pain mediating inflammatory and cartilage degrading molecules. Recent data suggests that release of cytokines may be the key event for pain and cartilage destruction in TMJ internal derangements...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053556/assessment-of-the-effect-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-renal-and-liver-functions-among-hiv-infected-patients-a-retrospective-study
#17
Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes, Birhanemeskel Tegene, Mikiyas Gebremichael, Gebrehawaria Birhane, Wabe Kedir, Belete Biadgo
BACKGROUND: The emergence of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has dramatically improved quality of life in prolonging survival of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on treatment in developed as well as developing countries. However, the main shortcoming of HAART in long-term use is its potential to cause liver and kidney derangements that may be life threatening. The drugs are actively accumulated in the proximal renal tubule resulting in functional disturbance with mitochondrial injury being one of the most important targets recognized...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050485/metabolic-derangements-in-lichen-planus-a-case-control-study
#18
Bikash Ranjan Kar, Maitreyee Panda, Nibedita Patro
INTRODUCTION: An association between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome has been established in previous studies. Lichen Planus (LP) is also a chronic inflammatory disease morphologically related to psoriasis and few studies have shown association of metabolic derangements in LP. AIM: To study the association of metabolic derangements in LP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective case control study was undertaken for a period of one year. Age and sex matched patients of LP and other non-inflammatory diseases were taken as cases and controls respectively...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050464/senior-loken-syndrome
#19
Amarpreet Kaur, Shashi Kant Dhir, Geetika Goyal, Naveen Mittal, R K Goyal
Senior Loken Syndrome (SLS) is a rare genetic disorder having juvenile nephronophthisis and retinal degeneration progressing to blindness and end stage renal disease. The present case report is about two sisters who presented with decreased visual acuity and end stage renal disease. Both had decreased vision, pallor, deranged renal function test and chronic malnutrition. Investigations revealed anaemia, uraemia, raised creatinine, low Glomerular Filteration Rate (GFR). Ophthalmology examination revealed nystagmus, retinal examination depicted pale optic disc and pigmentary changes in the retina...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050373/histopathologic-findings-in-autopsies-with-emphasis-on-interesting-and-incidental-findings-a-pathologist-s-perspective
#20
Sapna Patel, B R Rajalakshmi, G V Manjunath
INTRODUCTION: Autopsy aids to the knowledge of pathology by unveiling the rare lesions which are a source of learning from a pathologist's perspective Some of them are only diagnosed at autopsy as they do not cause any functional derangement. This study emphasizes the various incidental lesions which otherwise would have been unnoticed during a person's life. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the spectrum of histopathological findings including neoplastic lesions related or unrelated to the cause of death...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
keyword
keyword
114139
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"