keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Advances in general surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904972/the-influence-of-preoperative-symptoms-on-the-death-of-patients-with-small-intestinal-neuroendocrine-tumors
#1
John Eriksson, Hans Garmo, Per Hellman, Catharina Ihre-Lundgren
BACKGROUND: Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) are uncommon tumors with an annual incidence of about 1 per 100,000. Usually, SI-NETs have a slow progression, and patients often present with generalized disease. Many patients do well, and the disease has a relatively favorable 5-year survival rate. Some SI-NETs, however, have a more negative prognosis. This study aimed to establish prognostic factors for death identifiable at primary surgery. METHODS: A nested case-control study investigated 1150 patients from the cohort of all patients with a diagnosis of SI-NETs in Sweden between 1961 and 2001...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902614/associating-pancreaticostomy-and-biliary-irrigation-for-staged-pancreaticoduodenectomy-approach-to-pancreatic-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-with-recurrent-cholangitis-and-severe-jaundice-a-case-report
#2
Chao Dai, Siyuan Lou, Fan Zhou
PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63-year-old man was hospitalized with history of abdominal pain since more than 1 year, and that of fever with chills since 2 weeks. DIAGNOSES: Based on the laboratory investigations and radiologic findings, a preliminary diagnosis of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) with recurrent cholangitis and severe jaundice was made. INTERVENTIONS: An initial attempt at endoscopic and image-guided drainage proved unsuccessful...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900707/fluoroscopy-guided-biodegradable-spacer-implantation-using-local-anesthesia-safety-and-efficacy-study-in-patients-with-massive-rotator-cuff-tears
#3
E Gervasi, E Maman, A Dekel, E Cautero
BACKGROUND: The management of massive rotator cuff tears (MRCTs) is challenging and associated with a high failure rates. Studies have shown that advanced age, lower American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status score and concomitant comorbidities are associated with higher risks of death and postoperative complications. This study was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of fluoroscopy-guided biodegradable spacer implantation under local anesthesia, in patients with MRCT and comorbidities completely or partially contraindicating surgeries under general anesthesia...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895521/impact-of-a-medical-university-on-laparoscopic-surgery-in-a-service-oriented-public-hospital-in-the-caribbean
#4
Shamir O Cawich, Suresh Pooran, Barbara Amow, Ernest Ali, Fawwaz Mohammed, Marlon Mencia, Samuel Ramsewak, Seetharaman Hariharan, Vijay Naraynsingh
INTRODUCTION: The Caribbean lags behind global trends for volume and complexity of laparoscopic operations. In an attempt to promote laparoscopy at a single facility, a partnership was formed between the University of the West Indies (UWI) and the Port of Spain General Hospital in Trinidad and Tobago. This study seeks to document the effect of this partnership on laparoscopic practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this partnership, the UWI took the bold step of volunteering to staff a surgical team if the Ministry of Health provided the necessary legislative changes...
2016: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#5
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884789/surgery-for-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Neville F Hacker, Archana Rao
Cytoreductive surgery for patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer has been practised since the pioneering work of Tom Griffiths in 1975. Further research has demonstrated the prognostic significance of the extent of metastatic disease pre-operatively, and of complete cytoreduction post-operatively. Patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer should be referred to high volume cancer units, and managed by multidisciplinary teams. The role of thoracoscopy and resection of intrathoracic disease is presently investigational...
October 20, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882757/-contribution-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-to-treatment-of-locally-advanced-stages-of-cervical-cancers
#7
J Sláma, M Zikán, D Fischerová, R Kocián, A Germanová, F Frühauf, D Cibula
OBJECTIVE: Usage of sentinel lymph-node (SLN) concept in locally advanced cervical cancers might help to individualise management. According to SLN status could be patients refered to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with subsequent surgery or to primary chemoradiation. The aim of our study was to evaluate sensitivity of SLN detection in locally advanced cervical cancers and to assess the impact of NAC on frequency of their metastatic involvement. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879967/the-influence-of-luts-medical-treatment-on-bph-surgery-do-we-operate-too-late
#8
Fabrizio Presicce, Cosimo DE Nunzio, Mauro Gacci, Roman Sosnowsky, Riccardo Lombardo, Francesco Porpiglia, Andrea Tubaro
BACKGROUND: To systematically collect the available evidence on the influence of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) medical treatment on BPH surgery. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search January 1990 until June 2016 was performed by combining the following MESH terms: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, male, medical treatment surgical treatment, deferred/postponed treatment/intervention, early intervention/treatment. Each article title and abstract was reviewed for relevance and appropriateness with regards to the topic of this review...
November 23, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876674/brief-report-a-survey-of-thymic-carcinoma-management-patterns-among-international-thymic-malignancy-interest-group-itmig-physicians-with-consensus-from-the-thymic-carcinoma-working-group
#9
Annemarie Shepherd, Gregory Riely, Frank Detterbeck, Charles B Simone, Usman Ahmad, James Huang, Robert Korst, Arun Rajan, Andreas Rimner
INTRODUCTION: Thymic carcinomas are rare epithelial malignancies with limited data to guide management. METHODS: In order to identify areas of agreement and variability in current clinical practice, a 16-question electronic survey was given to members of the International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group (ITMIG). Areas of controversy were discussed with the Thymic Carcinoma Working Group and consensus was achieved, as described. RESULTS: One hundred ITMIG members responded...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868290/outcomes-of-definitive-chemoradiation-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Sameh Mikhail, Lai Wei, Mohamed E Salem, Tanios Bekaii-Saab
The incidence of esophageal cancer has risen dramatically in the Western world. Although surgical resection of esophageal tumors is considered the cornerstone of curative approaches in localized esophageal cancer, approximately 40% of patients who undergo chemoradiation followed by surgery will experience a recurrence. Additionally, surgical resection is not a viable option for many patients with locally advanced unresectable disease, poor general condition or whose condition deteriorated following chemoradiation...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865597/expert-consensus-of-general-surgery-residents-proficiency-with-common-endocrine-operations
#11
Roy Phitayakorn, Rachel R Kelz, Emil Petrusa, Rebecca S Sippel, Cord Sturgeon, Kepal N Patel, Nancy D Perrier
BACKGROUND: Proficiency with common endocrine operations is expected of graduating, general surgery residents. However, no expert consensus guidelines exist about these expectations. METHODS: Members of the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons were surveyed about their opinions on resident proficiency with common endocrine operations. RESULTS: Overall response rate was 38%. A total of 92% of the respondents operate with residents. On average, they believed that the steps of a total thyroidectomy for benign disease and a well-localized parathyroidectomy could be performed by a postgraduate year 4 surgery resident...
November 16, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864619/bicentric-prospective-evaluation-of-corporoplasty-with-porcine-small-intestinal-submucosa-sis-in-patients-with-severe-peyronie-s-disease
#12
K Sayedahmed, B Rosenhammer, P J Spachmann, M Burger, M Aragona, B T Kaftan, R Olianas, H M Fritsche
INTRODUCTION: Advanced Peyronie's disease (PD) with severe penile deviation demands grafting procedures following plaque incision or partial plaque excision in order to avoid penile shortening and to improve quality of life of affected patients. Small intestinal submucosa (SIS) is an established xenograft. The objective of the present study was to validate external results in a bicentric prospective manner. METHODS: Patient selection criteria, surgical technique and standards for pre- and postoperative care were defined...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862825/competency-based-training-in-robotic-surgery-benchmark-scores-for-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation
#13
N Raison, K Ahmed, N Fossati, N Buffi, A Mottrie, P Dasgupta, H van der Poel
OBJECTIVES: To develop benchmark scores of competency for use within a competency-based virtual reality (VR) robotic training curriculum. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal, observational study analysed results from 9 EAU hands-on-training courses in VR simulation. 223 participants ranging from novice to expert robotic surgeons completed 1565 exercises. Competency was set at 75% of the mean expert score. Benchmark scores for all general performances metrics generated by the simulator were calculated...
November 10, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862367/clinical-benefits-of-frozen-section-assessment-during-urological-surgery-does-it-contribute-to-improving-surgical-margin-status-and-patient-outcomes-as-previously-thought
#14
REVIEW
Hiroshi Miyamoto
Despite significant advances in patient selection as well as surgical technique over the past few decades, it is still not uncommon for patients with urological malignancy and positive surgical margins to be observed. Meanwhile, intraoperative pathology consultation with frozen section assessment, which generally provides useful information for the optimal procedure, has been widely utilized for the assessment of surgical margins during urological surgeries. Thus, it remains unanswered whether intraoperative frozen section assessment has an impact on final surgical margin status as well as long-term oncological outcomes...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862029/creatinine-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-cystatin-c-in-determining-acute-kidney-injury-after-heart-operations-using-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#15
Jurij Matija Kališnik, Eva Hrovat, Alenka Hrastovec, Janez Žibert, Aleš Jerin, Milan Skitek, Giuseppe Santarpino, Tomislav Klokocovnik
Acute kidney injury (AKI) represents frequent complication after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In the hope to enhance earlier more reliable characterization of AKI, we tested the utility of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and cystatin C (CysC) in addition to standard creatinine for early determination of AKI after cardiac surgery using CPB. Forty-one patients met the inclusion criteria. Arterial blood samples collected after induction of general anesthesia were used as baseline, further sampling occurred at CPB termination, 2 h after CPB, on the first and second day after surgery...
November 8, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858861/laparoscopic-assisted-low-anterior-resection-for-advanced-rectal-cancer-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#16
Zenan Xia, Weijie Chen, Ru Yao, Guole Lin, Huizhong Qiu
INTRODUCTION: Development of de novo malignancy has become a major cause of late mortality in solid organ transplant recipients. Surgery is currently the most important treatment of choice for transplant patients with resectable CRC. However, conventional open surgery represents a great risk to these high-risk patients. They seem to benefit more from laparoscopic surgery, based on the favorable oncological outcome and remarkable short-term advantages of this approach. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this study, we have reported a case of a 50-year-old man who had underwent kidney transplantation for 4 years...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853493/implantability-complications-and-follow-up-after-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-stent-shunt-creation-with-the-6f-self-expanding-sinus-superflex-visual-stent
#17
Daniel Spira, Jakub Wiskirchen, Ulrich Lauer, Dominik Ketelsen, Konstantin Nikolaou, Benjamin Wiesinger
BACKGROUND: The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) builds a shortcut between the portal vein and a liver vein, and represents a sophisticated alternative to open surgery in the management of portal hypertension or its complications. OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical experiences with a low-profile nitinol stent system in TIPSS creation, and to assess primary and long-term success. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients (5 females, 21 males; mean age 54...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853488/changes-of-t2-relaxation-time-from-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-lesions
#18
Li Liu, Bo Yin, Dao Ying Geng, Yi Ping Lu, Wei Jun Peng
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is generally an effective method of reducing locally advanced malignant breast lesions before surgery; assessing the tumor response to NAC is crucial for patient management. T2 relaxation times can reflect biological state of lesions, may prove useful to assess the response to NAC. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the lesion T2 relaxation times change in breast cancer neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 26 patients underwent NAC...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842528/level-of-clinical-evidence-presented-at-the-open-and-closed-american-shoulder-and-elbow-surgeons-annual-meeting-over-10%C3%A2-years-2005-2014
#19
Jeffrey Kay, Muzammil Memon, Darren de Sa, Nicole Simunovic, George S Athwal, Asheesh Bedi, Olufemi R Ayeni
BACKGROUND: The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) annual scientific meetings are premier forums whereby orthopaedic surgeons are informed of the latest research advances in shoulder and elbow surgery. The purpose of the present study was to assess the Level of evidence (LOE) in the clinical papers presented at both the open and closed ASES annual scientific meetings from 2005 to 2014. Secondarily, the study evaluated whether there were any changes in the distribution of LOE over this period of time...
November 14, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837462/surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-in-elderly-a-comparative-analysis-of-risk-factor-in-elective-and-urgency-surgery
#20
Carlo Boselli, Roberto Cirocchi, Alessandro Gemini, Veronica Grassi, Stefano Avenia, Andrea Polistena, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Maria Federica Burattini, Daniele Pironi, Alberto Santoro, Renata Tabola, Nicola Avenia
INTRODUCTION: Colon cancer therapy is primarily surgical. Advanced age does not represent a contraindication to surgery. We analyse the results of surgery in ultra 75 patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer by examining the correlation between the comorbidity and any post-operative complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surgically treated 66 patients for colorectal cancer, aged over 75. The examined subjects were compromised for various reasons. We have evaluated the different influences of risk factors in elective and urgency operation...
November 11, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
keyword
keyword
114134
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"