keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

parathyroid glands

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913036/pattern-of-calcium-and-parathyroid-hormone-normalization-at-12-months-follow-up-after-parathyroid-operation
#1
Olga A Lavryk, Allan E Siperstein
BACKGROUND: At 12 months after a parathyroid operation, we expect cured patients to have biochemical profiles similar to those of healthy individuals. The aim of the current study was to compare the biochemical characteristics patients at 12 months after parathyroidectomy for primary sporadic hyperparathyroidism with those of healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 547 patients who underwent parathyroid neck operation for primary sporadic hyperparathyroidism from 2000-2014 were analyzed...
November 29, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904855/multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1-with-anterior-mediastinal-parathyroid-adenoma-successful-localization-using-tc-99m-sestamibi-spect-ct
#2
Hye Lim Park, Ie Ryung Yoo, Sung Hoon Kim, Sohee Lee
The most common manifestation of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is hyperparathyroidism. Treatment of hyperparathyroidism in MEN patients is surgical removal of the parathyroid glands, however ectopic parathyroid gland is challenging for treatment. A 51-year-old female, the eldest of 3 MEN1 sisters, had hyperparathyroidism with ectopic parathyroid adenoma in the mediastinal para-aortic region, which was detected by technetium-99m (Tc-99m) sestamibi scintigraphy and single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT)...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904020/is-the-ultimobranchial-body-a-reality-or-myth-a-study-using-serial-sections-of-human-embryos
#3
Yohei Honkura, Masahito Yamamoto, Toshihito Yoshimoto, Jose Francisco Rodriguez-Vazquez, Gen Murakami, Yukio Katori, Shin-Ichi Abe
Reported morphologies of the ultimobranchial body had varied between researchers: a cluster of mitotic cells, a duct-like structure and a rosette-like cell mass. To clarify the true morphology, we studied tilted horizontal sections of 20 human embryos (crown-rump length 5-18 mm; 4-6 weeks). The sections displayed a ladder-like arrangement of the second to fourth endodermal pouches and, in 5 early embryos we found the fifth pouch attached to the fifth ectodermal groove near the fourth pharyngeal arch artery...
2016: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900734/lithium-side-effects-and-toxicity-prevalence-and-management-strategies
#4
REVIEW
Michael Gitlin
Despite its virtually universal acceptance as the gold standard in treating bipolar disorder, prescription rates for lithium have been decreasing recently. Although this observation is multifactorial, one obvious potential contributor is the side effect and toxicity burden associated with lithium. Additionally, side effect concerns assuredly play some role in lithium nonadherence. This paper summarizes the knowledge base on side effects and toxicity and suggests optimal management of these problems. Thirst and excessive urination, nausea and diarrhea and tremor are rather common side effects that are typically no more than annoying even though they are rather prevalent...
December 2016: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900568/control-of-phosphate-balance-by-the-kidney-and-intestine
#5
REVIEW
Ichiro Kaneko, Sawako Tatsumi, Hiroko Segawa, Ken-Ichi Miyamoto
The prevention and correction of hyperphosphatemia are major goals of the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD)-bone mineral disorders, and thus, Pi balance requires special attention. Pi balance is maintained by intestinal absorption, renal excretion, and bone accretion. The kidney is mainly responsible for the plasma Pi concentration. In CKD, reduced glomerular filtration rate leads to various Pi metabolism abnormalities, and Pi absorption in the small intestine also has an important role in Pi metabolism...
November 30, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899986/metastasis-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-to-the-parathyroid-gland-16-years-after-radical-nephrectomy-a-case-report
#6
Liborio Torregrossa, Maria Isabella Rotondo, Andrea Cacciato Insilla, David Galleri, Federica Guidoccio, Paolo Miccoli, Virginia A Livolsi, Fulvio Basolo
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has a high metastatic potential, and most commonly metastasizes via the bloodstream, although lymphatic metastases also occur. RCC is well-known for its propensity to metastasize to unusual sites, and late metastasis, even after a number of years, is common. The occurrence of RCC metastasis to the head and neck region is uncommon, and occurs primarily in the thyroid gland and in patients with widespread dissemination. Involvement of the parathyroid gland in metastatic carcinoma is extremely rare...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867866/indocyanine-green-enhanced-fluorescence-for-assessing-parathyroid-perfusion-during-thyroidectomy
#7
REVIEW
Matteo Lavazza, Xiaoli Liu, Chewei Wu, Angkoon Anuwong, Hoon Yub Kim, Renbin Liu, Gregory W Randolph, Davide Inversini, Luigi Boni, Stefano Rausei, Francesco Frattini, Gianlorenzo Dionigi
Identification of the parathyroid glands during thyroid surgery may prevent their inadvertent surgical removal and thus provide a better postoperative quality of life. Nevertheless, the most common "technique" for intraoperative evaluation of perfusion of parathyroid gland tissues during thyroid surgery is visual inspection of the physical condition of tissues, e.g., their color and bleeding edges. Another technique is measurement of intact parathyroid hormone. Recently, indocyanine green-enhanced fluorescence has been used in various surgical techniques, particularly laparoscopic surgery, to improve visualization and to provide detailed anatomical information...
October 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866715/normohormonal-primary-hyperparathyroidism-is-a-distinct%C3%A2-form-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#8
Megan K Applewhite, Michael G White, Jennifer Tseng, Maryam K Mohammed, Frederic Mercier, Edwin L Kaplan, Peter Angelos, Tamara Vokes, Raymon H Grogan
BACKGROUND: Normohormonal primary hyperparathyroidism presents diagnostic and intraoperative challenges, and current literature is conflicting about management. We aim to better define normohormonal primary hyperparathyroidism in order to improve the care for these patients. METHODS: In the study, 516 consecutive patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism were divided into 2 groups: classic primary hyperparathyroidism (classic primary hyperparathyroidism, increased serum levels of calcium, and parathyroid hormone) and normohormonal primary hyperparathyroidism (hypercalcemia, normal serum levels of parathyroid hormone)...
November 17, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864717/intraoperative-localization-of-the-parathyroid-glands-with-indocyanine-green-and-firefly-r-technology-during-baba-robotic-thyroidectomy
#9
Hyeong Won Yu, Joon Woo Chung, Jin Wook Yi, Ra-Yeong Song, Joon-Hyop Lee, Hyungju Kwon, Su-Jin Kim, Young Jun Chai, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether near-infrared (NIR) light-induced indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence can effectively identify, and thus permit the preservation of, parathyroid glands in bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic thyroidectomy. This case-control study with a prospectively recruited consecutive series and a retrospectively selected control group assessed the usefulness of ICG with Firefly(R) technology to identify the parathyroid glands intraoperatively during BABA robotic thyroidectomy...
November 18, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863787/characterizing-the-operative-findings-and-utility-of-intraoperative-parathyroid-hormone-iopth-monitoring-in-patients-with-normal-baseline-iopth-and-normohormonal-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#10
Gina Trinh, Salem I Noureldine, Jonathon O Russell, Nishant Agrawal, Michael Lopez, Jason D Prescott, Martha A Zeiger, Ralph P Tufano
BACKGROUND: During parathyroidectomy with intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring, the successful removal of a hypersecreting gland(s) resulting in normocalcemia is indicated by a >50% decrease in intraoperative parathyroid hormone level, typically into the normal range. Some patients, however, will have baseline parathyroid hormone levels within the normal range. We sought to determine the utility of intraoperative parathyroid hormone testing in these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism at our institution over a 10-year period...
November 15, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861338/enhanced-identification-and-functional-protective-role-of-carbon-nanoparticles-on-parathyroid-in-thyroid-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-chinese-population-study
#11
Chenlei Shi, Bo Tian, Shengze Li, Tiefeng Shi, Huadong Qin, Shaoyan Liu
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nanocarbon particles in combination with meticulous capsular dissection on enhancing the identification and protecting the function of parathyroid glands in thyroid cancer surgery.The data of 97 patients with papillary thyroid tumors diagnosed and treated at the Second Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University between January 2014 and February 2015 were reviewed. Data regarding the sex, age, calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, tumor size, multifocality, T stage, and extrathyroid invasion were collected...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857527/primary-hyperparathyroidism-jaw-tumor-syndrome-a-confusing-and-forgotten-diagnosis
#12
Doina Piciu, Andra Piciu, Elena Barbus, Claudiu Pestean, Maria Iulia Larg, Bogdan Fetica
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism is caused by the excessive growth of parathormone secretion, its consequence being hypercalcemia. The parathyroid adenoma is responsible for over half of primary hyperparathyroidism cases. The mandibular tumor can be the initial sign in the case of primary hyperparathyroidism. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 33 year old patient with history of a mandibular operated tumor, repetitive pathological fractures and hypercalcemia manifestations...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852814/spontaneous-proliferative-and-neoplastic-lesions-in-thyroid-and-parathyroid-glands-of-nondomestic-felids
#13
Jenny P Pope, James Steeil, Edward C Ramsay, Danielle Reel, Shelley J Newman
Based on microscopic and immunohistochemical characterization, we documented spontaneous proliferative and neoplastic lesions in the thyroid and parathyroid glands of nondomestic felids. Ten animals (4 leopards, 3 tigers, and 3 cougars), all with a previous diagnosis of thyroid neoplasia were identified from the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine database. The mean age of affected animals was 15.9 y. Twelve neoplasms were identified; 2 animals had 2 concurrent neoplasms. After immunohistochemical characterization using a panel of chromogranin A, thyroglobulin, and calcitonin, 7 of the former thyroid neoplasms were diagnosed as thyroid adenomas, 1 was diagnosed as a thyroid carcinoma, and 4 were diagnosed as parathyroid adenomas...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847113/differences-in-single-gland-and-multigland-disease-are-seen-in-low-biochemical-profile-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#14
James Y Lim, Max C Herman, Lev Bubis, Irene Epelboym, John D Allendorf, John A Chabot, James A Lee, Jennifer H Kuo
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism is characterized by increased levels of serum calcium and parathyroid hormone. Recently, 2 additional mild biochemical profiles have emerged, normocalcemic and normohormonal primary hyperparathyroidism. We reviewed our surgical experience of mild biochemical profile patients and compared them with classic primary hyperparathyroidism patients. METHODS: This is a single institution, retrospective cohort review of all patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism from 2006-2012...
November 12, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846184/minimal-endoscope-assisted-thyroidectomy-through-a-retroauricular-approach-an-evolving-solo-surgery-technique
#15
Myung Jin Ban, Jae Won Chang, Won Shik Kim, Hyung Kwon Byeon, Yoon Woo Koh, Jae Hong Park
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of minimal endoscope-assisted thyroidectomy (MEAT) through a retroauricular (RA) approach. Most of the thyroidectomy operative time was accounted for by direct visualization through the RA window, minimizing interference between surgical instruments. Endoscope use was minimized and limited to critical surgical aspects, including preservation of the recurrent laryngeal nerve and parathyroid glands. The recurrent laryngeal nerve was neuromonitored throughout the procedure...
November 11, 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844237/intraoperative-near-infrared-autofluorescence-imaging-of-parathyroid-glands
#16
Roland Ladurner, Sandra Sommerey, Nora Al Arabi, Klaus K J Hallfeldt, Herbert Stepp, Julia K S Gallwas
OBJECTIVE: To identify parathyroid glands intraoperatively by exposing their autofluorescence using near-infrared light. METHODS: Fluorescence imaging was carried out during minimally invasive and open parathyroid and thyroid surgery. After identification, the parathyroid glands as well as the surrounding tissue were exposed to near-infrared (NIR) light with a wavelength of 690-770 nm using a modified Karl Storz near-infrared/indocyanine green (NIR/ICG) endoscopic system...
November 14, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834016/is-c-11-methionine-pet-ct-able-to-localise-sestamibi-negative-parathyroid-adenomas
#17
Theresia Weber, Martin Gottstein, Sabrina Schwenzer, Ambros Beer, Markus Luster
BACKGROUND: Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) and a negative preoperative Tc-99 sestamibi (MIBI) scintigraphy are considered to have a higher risk of persistent disease. The aim of this study was to assess whether additional imaging with C-11 methionine positron emission tomography/computed tomography (Met-PET/CT) is able to localise sestamibi-negative hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands. METHODS: In 50 patients (38 females, 12 males, age 13-81 years) with pHPT and negative localisation procedures such as ultrasound and sestamibi, a Met-PET/CT was performed before parathyroid surgery...
November 10, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833725/prediction-of-endocrine-system-affectation-in-fisher-344-rats-by-food-intake-exposed-with-malathion-applying-na%C3%A3-ve-bayes-classifier-and-genetic-algorithms
#18
Juan David Sandino Mora, Darío Amaya Hurtado, Olga Lucía Ramos Sandoval
BACKGROUND: Reported cases of uncontrolled use of pesticides and its produced effects by direct or indirect exposition, represent a high risk for human health. Therefore, in this paper, it is shown the results of the development and execution of an algorithm that predicts the possible effects in endocrine system in Fisher 344 (F344) rats, occasioned by ingestion of malathion. METHODS: It was referred to ToxRefDB database in which different case studies in F344 rats exposed to malathion were collected...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833320/the-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenges-in-the-management-of-a-double-giant-parathyroid-adenoma
#19
Arvind Krishnamurthy, Urmila Majhi, Gomadaam Kuppusamy Rangarajan, Vijayalakshmi Ramshankar, Ramachandran Krishna Kumar
Primary hyperparathyroidism is a common endocrine disorder of the parathyroid gland. It is mostly seen as a single gland adenoma in up to 85% of the cases with the excess production of parathyroid hormone. Double adenomas although reported are very rare and double giant parathyroid adenomas are even rarer. We possibly report the second case in the literature of primary hyperparathyroidism caused by double giant parathyroid adenomas, presenting with severe symptomatic hypercalcemia and review the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in its management...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826253/multiple-cranial-organ-defects-after-conditionally-knocking-out-fgf10-in-the-neural-crest
#20
Tathyane H N Teshima, Silvia V Lourenco, Abigail S Tucker
Fgf10 is necessary for the development of a number of organs that fail to develop or are reduced in size in the null mutant. Here we have knocked out Fgf10 specifically in the neural crest driven by Wnt1cre. The Wnt1creFgf10fl/fl mouse phenocopies many of the null mutant defects, including cleft palate, loss of salivary glands, and ocular glands, highlighting the neural crest origin of the Fgf10 expressing mesenchyme surrounding these organs. In contrast tissues such as the limbs and lungs, where Fgf10 is expressed by the surrounding mesoderm, were unaffected, as was the pituitary gland where Fgf10 is expressed by the neuroepithelium...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
keyword
keyword
114095
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"