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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438430/unravelling-the-bioherbicide-potential-of-eucalyptus-globulus-labill-biochemistry-and-effects-of-its-aqueous-extract
#1
Carolina G Puig, Manuel J Reigosa, Patrícia Valentão, Paula B Andrade, Nuria Pedrol
In the worldwide search for new strategies in sustainable weed management, the use of plant species able to produce and release phytotoxic compounds into the environment could be an effective alternative to synthetic herbicides. Eucalyptus globulus Labill. is known to be a source of biologically active compounds responsible for its phytotoxic and allelopathic properties. Our previous results demonstrated the bioherbicide potential of eucalyptus leaves incorporated into the soil as a green manure, probably through the release of phytotoxins into the soil solution...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435603/integration-of-sudden-death-syndrome-resistance-loci-in-the-soybean-genome
#2
REVIEW
Hao-Xun Chang, Mitchell G Roth, Dechun Wang, Silvia R Cianzio, David A Lightfoot, Glen L Hartman, Martin I Chilvers
Complexity and inconsistencies in resistance mapping publications of soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS) result in interpretation difficulty. This review integrates SDS mapping literature and proposes a new nomenclature system for reproducible SDS resistance loci. Soybean resistance to sudden death syndrome (SDS) is composed of foliar resistance to phytotoxins and root resistance to pathogen invasion. There are more than 80 quantitative trait loci (QTL) and dozens of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with soybean resistance to SDS...
February 12, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408919/uplc-qtof-ms-metabolomics-analysis-revealed-the-contributions-of-metabolites-to-the-pathogenesis-of-rhizoctonia-solani-strain-ag-1-ia
#3
Wenjin Hu, Xinli Pan, Fengfeng Li, Wubei Dong
To explore the pathogenesis of Rhizoctonia solani and its phytotoxin phenylacetic acid (PAA) on maize leaves and sheaths, treated leaf and sheath tissues were analyzed and interpreted by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with chemometrics. The PAA treatment had similar effects to those of R. solani on maize leaves regarding the metabolism of traumatin, phytosphingosine, vitexin 2'' O-beta-D-glucoside, rutin and DIBOA-glucoside, which were up-regulated, while the synthesis of OPC-8:0 and 12-OPDA, precursors for the synthesis of jasmonic acid, a plant defense signaling molecule, was down-regulated under both treatments...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366851/cadopherone-and-colomitide-polyketides-from-cadophora-wood-rot-fungi-associated-with-historic-expedition-huts-in-antarctica
#4
Yudi Rusman, Benjamin W Held, Robert A Blanchette, Yanan He, Christine E Salomon
Recent investigations of filamentous fungi isolated from coastal areas and historic wooden structures in the Ross Sea and Peninsula regions of Antarctica have identified the genus Cadophora as one of the most abundant fungal groups, comprising more than 30% of culturable fungi at some locations. A methanol extract of Cadophora luteo-olivacea grown on rice media yielded the known polyketides spiciferone A, spiciferol A, dihydrospiciferone A and dihydrospiciferol A. Additionally, nine related hexaketides were identified, including spiciferone F, two isomers of the known fungal bicyclic ketal colomitide B, cadopherones A-D, similin C, and spicifernin B...
January 19, 2018: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340795/the-sesquiterpene-botrydial-from-botrytis-cinerea-induces-phosphatidic-acid-production-in-tomato-cell-suspensions
#5
Juan Martin D'Ambrosio, Gabriela Gonorazky, Daniela J Sueldo, Javier Moraga, Andrés Arruebarrena Di Palma, Lorenzo Lamattina, Isidro González Collado, Ana Maria Laxalt
The phytotoxin botrydial triggers PA production in tomato cell suspensions via PLD and PLC/DGK activation. PLC/DGK-derived PA is partially required for botrydial-induced ROS generation. Phosphatidic acid (PA) is a phospholipid second messenger involved in the induction of plant defense responses. It is generated via two distinct enzymatic pathways, either via phospholipase D (PLD) or by the sequential action of phospholipase C and diacylglycerol kinase (PLC/DGK). Botrydial is a phytotoxic sesquiterpene generated by the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis cinerea that induces diverse plant defense responses, such as the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
January 16, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330819/preparation-of-a-synthetic-seed-for-the-common-reed-harboring-an-endophytic-bacterium-promoting-seedling-growth-under-cadmium-stress
#6
Ting Gao, Xianyang Shi
Bacterial seed endophytes can facilitate germination and early plant development. Therefore, the introduction of seed-borne endophytes may improve selected plant characteristics across generations. In this study, regenerated plantlets of common reed (Phragmites australis) were inoculated with activated sludge to obtain a specific functional endophytic bacterium. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis demonstrated that abundant endophytic bacteria could be enriched in the roots. A siderophore-producing endophytic bacterium was isolated from the roots and identified as Herbaspirillum frisingense RE3-3 based on 16S rRNA sequences...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329271/transketolase-is-identified-as-a-target-of-herbicidal-substance-%C3%AE-terthienyl-by-proteomics
#7
Bin Zhao, Jingqian Huo, Ning Liu, Jinlin Zhang, Jingao Dong
α-terthienyl is a natural phytotoxin isolated originally from Flaveria bidentis (L.) Kuntze. The bioassay presented here shows the strong herbicidal activity of α-terthienyl on Digitaria sanguinalis, Arabidopsis thaliana and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The α-terthienyl-induced response of A. thaliana at the protein level was analyzed at different times. Changes in the protein expression profiles were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) mass spectrometry...
January 12, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321600/fis-is-a-global-regulator-critical-for-modulation-of-virulence-factor-production-and-pathogenicity-of-dickeya-zeae
#8
Mingfa Lv, Yufan Chen, Lisheng Liao, Zhibin Liang, Zurong Shi, Yingxin Tang, Sixuan Ye, Jianuan Zhou, Lianhui Zhang
Dickeya zeae is the causal agent of rice foot rot disease, which has recently become a great threat to rice planting countries and regions. The pathogen produces a family of phytotoxins named zeamines that is critical for bacterial virulence, but little is known about the signaling pathways and regulatory mechanisms that govern zeamine production. In this study, we showed that a conserved transcriptional regulator Fis is involved in the regulation of zeamine production in D. zeae strain EC1. Deletion mutants were markedly attenuated in the virulence against rice seed germination...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307013/the-coronafacoyl-phytotoxins-structure-biosynthesis-regulation-and-biological-activities
#9
Dawn R D Bignell, Zhenlong Cheng, Luke Bown
Phytotoxins are secondary metabolites that contribute to the development and/or severity of diseases caused by various plant pathogenic microorganisms. The coronafacoyl phytotoxins are an important family of plant toxins that are known or suspected to be produced by several phylogenetically distinct plant pathogenic bacteria, including the gammaproteobacterium Pseudomonas syringae and the actinobacterium Streptomyces scabies. At least seven different family members have been identified, of which coronatine was the first to be described and is the best-characterized...
January 6, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306326/polyketide-synthases-of-diaporthe-helianthi-and-involvement-of-dhpks1-in-virulence-on-sunflower
#10
Michelina Ruocco, Riccardo Baroncelli, Santa Olga Cacciola, Catello Pane, Maurilia Maria Monti, Giuseppe Firrao, Mariarosaria Vergara, Gaetano Magnano di San Lio, Giovanni Vannacci, Felice Scala
BACKGROUND: The early phases of Diaporthe helianthi pathogenesis on sunflower are characterized by the production of phytotoxins that may play a role in host colonisation. In previous studies, phytotoxins of a polyketidic nature were isolated and purified from culture filtrates of virulent strains of D. helianthi isolated from sunflower. A highly aggressive isolate (7/96) from France contained a gene fragment of a putative nonaketide synthase (lovB) which was conserved in a virulent D...
January 6, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277959/defining-essential-processes-in-plant-pathogenesis-with-pseudomonas-syringae-pv-tomato-dc3000-disarmed-polymutants-and-a-subset-of-key-type-iii-effectors
#11
REVIEW
Hai-Lei Wei, Alan Collmer
Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 and its derivatives cause disease in tomato, Arabidopsis, and Nicotiana benthamiana. Primary virulence factors include a repertoire of 29 effector proteins injected into plant cells by the type III secretion system and the phytotoxin coronatine. The complete repertoire of effector genes and key coronatine biosynthesis genes have been progressively deleted and minimally reassembled to reconstitute basic pathogenic ability in N. benthamiana and also in Arabidopsis plants that have mutations in target genes that mimic effector actions...
December 25, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246646/the-dialkyl-resorcinol-stemphol-disrupts-calcium-homeostasis-to-trigger-programmed-immunogenic-necrosis-in-cancer
#12
Seungwon Ji, Jin-Young Lee, Jan Schrör, Aloran Mazumder, Dong Man Jang, Sébastien Chateauvieux, Michael Schnekenburger, Che Ry Hong, Christo Christov, Hyoung Jin Kang, Youngjo Lee, Byung Woo Han, Kyu-Won Kim, Hee-Young Shin, Mario Dicato, Claudia Cerella, Gabriele M König, Barbora Orlikova, Marc Diederich
Stemphol (STP) is a novel druggable phytotoxin triggering mixed apoptotic and non-apoptotic necrotic-like cell death in human acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Use of several chemical inhibitors highlighted that STP-induced non-canonical programmed cell death was Ca2+-dependent but independent of caspases, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1, cathepsin, or calpains. Similar to thapsigargin, STP led to increased cytosolic Ca2+ levels and computational docking confirmed binding of STP within the thapsigargin binding pocket of the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA)...
December 12, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237292/the-main-phytotoxic-metabolite-produced-by-a-strain-of-fusarium-oxysporum-inducing-grapevine-plant-declining-in-italy
#13
Pierluigi Reveglia, Tamara Cinelli, Alessio Cimmino, Marco Masi, Antonio Evidente
A strain of Fusarium oxysporum was isolated from grapevine showing heavy decline disease in a vineyard of Veneto region in Italy. The fungus showed to produce phytotoxic metabolites when grown in liquid culture. The main metabolite was identified as fusaric acid produced for the first time as a phytotoxin by a strain of F. oxysporom isolated from diseased grapevine plants. Its quantification in the fungus cultures filtrates was accomplished by HPLC. When tested on tobacco by leaf-puncture assay fusaric acid at 0...
December 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163605/the-verticillium-dahliae-snodprot1-like-protein-vdcp1-contributes-to-virulence-and-triggers-the-plant-immune-system
#14
Yi Zhang, Yuhan Gao, Yingbo Liang, Yijie Dong, Xiufen Yang, Jingjing Yuan, Dewen Qiu
During pathogenic infection, hundreds of proteins that play vital roles in the Verticillium dahliae-host interaction are secreted. In this study, an integrated proteomic analysis of secreted V. dahliae proteins was performed, and a conserved secretory protein, designated VdCP1, was identified as a member of the SnodProt1 phytotoxin family. An expression analysis of the vdcp1 gene revealed that the transcript is present in every condition studied and displays elevated expression throughout the infection process...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132716/a-14-20kda-protein-binds-to-the-upstream-region-of-the-phtm-operon-involved-in-the-synthesis-of-phaseolotoxin-in-pseudomonas-syringae-pv-phaseolicola-nps3121
#15
Ariel Álvarez-Morales, Alejandro Hernández-Morales, Jackeline L Arvizu-Gómez
Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola is a phytopathogenic bacterium in beans that produces a phytotoxin called phaseolotoxin, in whose synthesis a group of genes that belong to the "Pht cluster" are involved. This cluster comprises 23 genes arranged in 5 transcriptional units, two monocistronic (argK, phtL) and three polycistronic (phtA, phtD, phtM) operons, whose expression is increased at 18°C, correlating with the production of phaseolotoxin by the bacterium. So far, the regulatory mechanisms involved in phaseolotoxin synthesis are poorly understood and only the requirement of low temperatures for its synthesis has been demonstrated...
November 10, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077242/contribution-of-the-%C3%AE-glucosidase-bglc-to-the-onset-of-the-pathogenic-lifestyle-of-streptomyces-scabies
#16
Samuel Jourdan, Isolde M Francis, Benoit Deflandre, Elodie Tenconi, Jennifer Riley, Sören Planckaert, Pierre Tocquin, Loïc Martinet, Bart Devreese, Rosemary Loria, Sébastien Rigali
Common scab disease on root and tuber plants is caused by Streptomyces scabies and related species which use the cellulose synthase inhibitor thaxtomin A as the main phytotoxin. Thaxtomin production is primarily triggered by the import of cello-oligosaccharides. Once inside the cell, the fate of the cello-oligosaccharides is dichotomized into i) fueling glycolysis with glucose for the saprophytic lifestyle through the action of β-glucosidase(s) (BG), and ii) eliciting the pathogenic lifestyle by inhibiting the CebR-mediated transcriptional repression of thaxtomin biosynthetic genes...
October 27, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035314/animal-toxins-providing-insights-into-trpv1-activation-mechanism
#17
REVIEW
Matan Geron, Adina Hazan, Avi Priel
Beyond providing evolutionary advantages, venoms offer unique research tools, as they were developed to target functionally important proteins and pathways. As a key pain receptor in the nociceptive pathway, transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) of the TRP superfamily has been shown to be a target for several toxins, as a way of producing pain to deter predators. Importantly, TRPV1 is involved in thermoregulation, inflammation, and acute nociception. As such, toxins provide tools to understand TRPV1 activation and modulation, a critical step in advancing pain research and the development of novel analgesics...
October 16, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027474/on-the-metabolites-produced-by-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides-a-fungus-proposed-for-the-ambrosia-artemisiifolia-biocontrol-spectroscopic-data-and-absolute-configuration-assignment-of-colletochlorin-a
#18
Marco Masi, Maria Chiara Zonno, Alessio Cimmino, Pierluigi Reveglia, Alexander Berestetskiy, Angela Boari, Maurizio Vurro, Antonio Evidente
Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. is responsible for serious allergies induced on humans. Different approaches for its control were proposed during the COST Action FA1203 "Sustainable management of Ambrosia artemisiifolia in Europe" (SMARTER). Fungal secondary metabolites often show potential herbicidal activity. Three phytotoxins were purified from the fungal culture filtrates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, isolated from infected leaves of A. artemisiifolia. They were identified by spectroscopic and chemical methods as colletochlorin A, orcinol and tyrosol (1, 2 and 3)...
October 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986689/microbial-resistance-mechanisms-to-the-antibiotic-and-phytotoxin-fusaric-acid
#19
Frankie K Crutcher, Lorraine S Puckhaber, Robert D Stipanovic, Alois A Bell, Robert L Nichols, Katheryn S Lawrence, Jinggao Liu
Fusaric acid (FA) produced by Fusarium oxysporum plays an important role in disease development in plants, including cotton. This non-specific toxin also has antibiotic effects on microorganisms. Thus, one expects a potential pool of diverse detoxification mechanisms of FA in nature. Bacteria and fungi from soils infested with Fusarium and from laboratory sources were evaluated for their ability to grow in the presence of FA and to alter the structure of FA into less toxic compounds. None of the bacterial strains were able to chemically modify FA...
October 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970335/fusicoccin-activates-kat1-channels-by-stabilizing-their-interaction-with-14-3-3-proteins
#20
Andrea Saponaro, Alessandro Porro, Antonio Chaves-Sanjuan, Marco Nardini, Oliver Rauh, Gerhard Thiel, Anna Moroni
Plants acquire potassium (K+) ions for cell growth and movement via regulated diffusion through K+ channels. Here we present crystallographic and functional data showing that the K+ inward rectifier KAT1 channel is regulated by 14-3-3 proteins and further modulated by the phytotoxin fusicoccin, in analogy to the H+-ATPase. We identified a 14-3-3 mode III binding site at the very C-terminus of KAT1 and co-crystallized it with tobacco 14-3-3 proteins to describe the protein complex at atomic detail. Validation of this interaction by electrophysiology shows that 14-3-3 binding augments KAT1 conductance by increasing the maximal current and by positively shifting the voltage-dependency of gating...
September 29, 2017: Plant Cell
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