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Lesbian epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883948/prevalence-sociodemographic-correlates-and-dsm-5-substance-use-disorders-and-other-psychiatric-disorders-among-sexual-minorities-in-the-united-states
#1
Bradley T Kerridge, Roger P Pickering, Tulshi D Saha, W June Ruan, S Patricia Chou, Haitao Zhang, Jeesun Jung, Deborah S Hasin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present current nationally representative data on the prevalences, sociodemographic correlates and risk of DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities (SMs) relative to heterosexuals, and among SMs by gender. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: In the general noninstitutionalized population, 1...
November 7, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876454/will-the-global-hiv-response-fail-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
George Ayala, Glenn-Milo Santos
INTRODUCTION: Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men are among the small number of groups for whom HIV remains uncontrolled worldwide. Although there have been recent and notable decreases in HIV incidence across several countries, prevalence and incidence is consistently higher or rising among men who have sex with men when compared with other groups. METHODS: In 2014, MSMGF (the Global Forum on MSM & HIV) conducted its third biennial Global Men's Health and Rights Study, an international, multilingual, web-based cross-sectional survey of men who have sex with men recruited through online convenience sampling...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598491/-suicide-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-trans-populations-systematic-review-of-a-decade-of-research-2004-2014
#3
Alemka Tomicic, Constanza Gálvez, Constanza Quiroz, Claudio Martínez, Jaime Fontbona, Juliana Rodríguez, Francisco Aguayo, Catalina Rosenbaum, Fanny Leyton, Iside Lagazzi
UNLABELLED: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) populations have a high prevalence of suicide behaviors. AIM: To review the literature on suicide among LGBT populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature published between 2004 and 2014 on suicidality among LGBT people was conducted. Forty-five articles were selected for a thematic analysis. RESULTS: The research on suicide among LGBT people has increased during the last decade...
June 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578352/sexual-rights-but-not-the-right-to-health-lesbian-and-bisexual-women-in-south-africa-s-national-strategic-plans-on-hiv-and-stis
#4
Felicity Daly, Neil Spicer, Samantha Willan
Synergies between securing sexual rights and the right to health have been pursued where there are clear public health gains to be made, such as lowering incidence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). South Africa's 1996 Constitution outlawed discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and promoted the right to health. This qualitative health policy analysis sought to understand why and how interventions to improve sexual health of lesbian and bisexual women and address sexual violence were initially proposed in the HIV & AIDS and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa 2007-2011 and why and how these concerns were deprioritised in the National Strategic Plan (NSP) on HIV, STIs and TB 2012-2016...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525047/sexual-and-gender-diversity-within-the-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-hiv-epidemiological-category
#5
Bianca D M Wilson, Ayako Miyashita
Epidemiological categories not only reflect existing frameworks for public health, but reify how subpopulations are defined, understood, and targeted for interventions. The sweeping categorization of Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) used in HIV research and intervention work is one such example. The current paper builds upon previous critiques of the "MSM" nomenclature by delineating the sexual and gender diversity embedded in the term as it pertains specifically to Black peoples. The emphasis is on developing greater specificity about the sociocultural and structural factors that may be shared among these subgroups, such as racism and poverty, and the factors that are likely to distinguish the groups, such as levels of sexual minority identification, access to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) services and community, and experiences with anti-bisexual or anti-transgender bias...
September 2016: Sexuality Research & Social Policy: Journal of NSRC: SR & SP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383512/discrimination-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders-among-sexual-minority-populations
#6
Ji Hyun Lee, Kristi E Gamarel, Kendall J Bryant, Nickolas D Zaller, Don Operario
PURPOSE: Sexual minority (lesbian, gay, bisexual) populations have a higher prevalence of mental health and substance use disorders compared to their heterosexual counterparts. Such disparities have been attributed, in part, to minority stressors, including distal stressors such as discrimination. However, few studies have examined associations between discrimination, mental health, and substance use disorders by gender among sexual minority populations. METHODS: We analyzed data from 577 adult men and women who self-identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual and participated in Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)...
August 2016: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362464/the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-invariance-across-heterosexual-men-heterosexual-women-gay-men-and-lesbians
#7
Rapson Gomez, Suzanne McLaren
The present study examined measurement invariance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in community groups of Australian heterosexual men (N = 1106), heterosexual women (N = 2111), gay men (N = 527), and lesbians (N = 712). Confirmatory factor analysis of CES-D item scores supported the theorized oblique 4-factor model. There was support for full measurement invariance across the 4 groups, based on differences in approximate fit indices. In contrast there was support for only partial invariance when the chi-square difference test was applied...
June 30, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936411/sexual-orientation-treatment-utilization-and-barriers-for-alcohol-related-problems-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#8
Junior Lloyd Allen, Orion Mowbray
BACKGROUND: Gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) individuals appear to have an increased likelihood of alcohol use disorders and treatment utilization for alcohol related problems compared to heterosexual individuals. Despite this increase, treatment utilization rates among GLB individuals remain low. In an effort to address this, our paper examined whether or not GLB individuals encounter unique barriers when pursuing treatment for alcohol related problems. METHODS: Using data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol Related Conditions (NESARC), we examined service sector specific factors, some of which included (a) utilization rates, (b) self-reported treatment barriers, and (c) whether or not there were emergent differences among GLB individuals, after controlling for socio-demographic and clinical characteristics...
April 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26790117/health-behavior-status-and-outcomes-among-a-community-based-sample-of-lesbian-and-bisexual-women
#9
Wendy B Bostwick, Tonda L Hughes, Bethany Everett
PURPOSE: To compare health behaviors, and physical and mental health outcomes in a community-based sample of bisexual and lesbian women. METHODS: The Chicago Health and Life Experiences of Women (CHLEW) study is a longitudinal study of sexual minority women's health. Wave 3 of the CHLEW used a modified version of respondent-driven sampling to recruit a supplemental sample of bisexual-identified women into the study, with an additional focus on younger women, and Black and Latina women...
June 2015: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26789621/keeping-the-community-posted-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-blogs-and-the-tobacco-epidemic
#10
Joseph G L Lee
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are more likely to use tobacco products than heterosexual people. This results in disproportionate death and disability for LGBT communities. Yet, addressing the tobacco epidemic is generally low on the agenda of LGBT community organizations, and LGBT individuals report lower levels of support for some evidence-based tobacco prevention and control policies than heterosexuals. Informed by agenda-setting theory, this study investigated coverage of the tobacco epidemic in LGBT news blogs...
June 2014: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26789620/disproportionate-tobacco-use-in-the-puerto-rico-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-community-of-18-years-and-over-a-descriptive-profile
#11
Alex Cabrera-Serrano, Marcos E Felici-Giovanini, Elba C Díaz-Toro, Antonio L Cases-Rosario
PURPOSE: Tobacco use is currently one of the most critical public health issues affecting sexual and gender minority individuals. The primary objective of this research was to provide the first population-based epidemiological profile of tobacco use in the LGBT community in Puerto Rico. The secondary objective was to identify differences between LGBT smokers (LGBT-S) versus LGBT nonsmokers (LGBT-NS). METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of the 2011 Puerto Rico Behavioral Risk Surveillance System database through a cross-sectional study methodology...
June 2014: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600158/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-people-who-inject-drugs
#12
Hilary A Robbins, Christina E Fennell, Maura Gillison, Weihong Xiao, Yingshi Guo, Alicia Wentz, Gregory D Kirk, Shruti H Mehta, Gypsyamber D'Souza
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes most oropharyngeal cancers in the United States. Oral HPV prevalence is associated with immunosuppression, and drug use can be immunosuppressive, but the epidemiology of oral HPV among people who use drugs is not well described. METHODS: We enrolled men and women with a current or prior history of injection drug use in this cross-sectional sub-study within the AIDS Linked to the Intravenous Experience (ALIVE) cohort...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26295902/the-interrelations-between-internalized-homophobia-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-australian-gay-men-lesbians-and-bisexual-women
#13
Suzanne McLaren
Internalized homophobia has been linked to depression among gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals. Relatively little research has investigated the link between internalized homophobia and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The current research investigated the interrelations among internalized homophobia, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation by testing additive, mediation, and moderation models. Self-identified Australian gay men (n = 360), lesbians (n = 444), and bisexual women (n = 114) completed the Internalized Homophobia Scale, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, and the suicide subscale of the General Health Questionnaire...
2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26278831/fertility-related-research-needs-among-women-at-the-margins
#14
Sheree R Schwartz, Stefan Baral
Fertility-related research encompasses fertility intentions, preconception care, research amongst pregnant women, and post-partum outcomes of mothers and children. However, some women remain under-represented within this domain of study. Women frequently missing within fertility-related research include those who are already the most vulnerable to health disparities, including female sex workers, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender women, women living with HIV, and women who use drugs. Yet characterization of the needs of these women is important, given their unique fertility-related concerns, including risks and barriers to care emanating from social stigmas and discrimination...
May 2015: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26226192/the-relationships-between-sense-of-belonging-to-a-community-glb-youth-group-school-teacher-and-peer-connectedness-and-depressive-symptoms-testing-of-a-path-model
#15
Suzanne McLaren, Jacqueline Schurmann, Megan Jenkins
Research indicates belonging to a gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) support group is indirectly associated with fewer depressive symptoms, via higher levels of sense of belonging to the general community. The current study extended this research by testing a path model to determine whether school, teacher, and peer connectedness are influenced by sense of belonging to a community GLB youth group. A sample of 82 Australian GLB adolescents aged 14 to 18 years who currently attend high school completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Psychological Subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument, and the Social Questionnaire for Secondary Students...
2015: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25365189/gender-age-and-place-of-residence-as-moderators-of-the-internalized-homophobia-depressive-symptoms-relation-among-australian-gay-men-and-lesbians
#16
Suzanne McLaren
Internalized homophobia is a risk factor for depression among gay men and lesbians. The aim of the study was to test whether the internalized homophobia-depression relation was moderated by gender (stronger among gay men compared with lesbians), age (stronger among younger compared with older gay men and lesbians), and place of residence (stronger among gay men and lesbians who live in rural areas compared with those who live in urban areas). An Australian sample of 311 self-identified gay men and 570 self-identified lesbians, aged 18 to 70 years, completed the Internalized Homophobia Scale and the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale...
2015: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24692051/suicides-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-populations-in-australia-an-analysis-of-the-queensland-suicide-register
#17
Delaney Michael Skerrett, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
INTRODUCTION: Sexual orientation is seldom recorded at death in Australia, and to date there have been no studies on the relationship between those that have died by suicide and sexuality or minority gender identity in Australia. The aim of the present study is to determine whether or not lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), and intersex individuals who die by suicide constitute a unique subpopulation of those who die by suicide, when compared with non-lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex suicide deaths...
December 2014: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24570204/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-the-moderating-role-of-educational-attainment
#18
David M Barnes, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Ava D Hamilton, Katherine M Keyes
PURPOSE: Mental health disparities between sexual minorities and heterosexuals remain inadequately understood, especially across levels of educational attainment. The purpose of the present study was to test whether education modifies the association between sexual orientation and mental disorder. METHODS: We compared the odds of past 12-month and lifetime psychiatric disorder prevalence (any Axis-I, any mood, any anxiety, any substance use, and comorbidity) between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual individuals by educational attainment (those with and without a bachelor's degree), adjusting for covariates, and tested for interaction between sexual orientation and educational attainment...
September 2014: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24570099/state-level-tobacco-environments-and-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-tobacco-use-and-dependence-in-the-usa
#19
Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Katherine M Keyes, Ava Hamilton, Deborah S Hasin
OBJECTIVE: To describe relationships between tobacco-related environments and disparities in smoking by sexual orientation. METHODS: We examined three aspects of state-level tobacco environments, which were derived from the ImpacTeen State Level Tobacco Control Policy and Prevalence Database: (1) tobacco price and tax data and tobacco control funding; (2) tobacco control policies and (3) tobacco prevalence and norms data. This information was linked to individual-level data on sexual orientation, tobacco use and nicotine dependence in Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N=34 653; 577 LGB respondents), a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of adults in the USA...
November 2014: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24382155/youth-violence-and-non-injection-drug-use-nexus-of-vulnerabilities-among-lesbian-and-bisexual-sex-workers
#20
Tara Lyons, Thomas Kerr, Putu Duff, Cindy Feng, Kate Shannon
Despite increasing evidence of enhanced HIV risk among sexual minority populations, and sex workers (SWs) in particular, there remains a paucity of epidemiological data on the risk environments of SWs who identify as lesbian or bisexual. Therefore, this short report describes a study that examined the individual, interpersonal and structural associations with lesbian or bisexual identity among SWs in Vancouver, Canada. Analysis drew on data from an open prospective cohort of street and hidden off-street SWs in Vancouver...
2014: AIDS Care
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