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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704464/simulated-impacts-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-muscle-demand-and-recruitment-in-typically-developing-children-and-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-crouch-gait
#1
Michael Rosenberg, Katherine M Steele
Passive ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are often prescribed for children with cerebral palsy (CP) to assist locomotion, but predicting how specific device designs will impact energetic demand during gait remains challenging. Powered AFOs have been shown to reduce energy costs of walking in unimpaired adults more than passive AFOs, but have not been tested in children with CP. The goal of this study was to investigate the potential impact of powered and passive AFOs on muscle demand and recruitment in children with CP and crouch gait...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696831/preliminary-testing-by-adults-of-a-haptics-assisted-robot-platform-designed-for-children-with-physical-impairments-to-access-play
#2
Isao Sakamaki, Kim Adams, Maria Fernanda Gomez Medina, Javier Leonardo Castellanos Cruz, Nooshin Jafari, Mahdi Tavakoli, Heidi Janz
Development of children's cognitive and perceptual skills depends heavily on object exploration and experience in their physical world. For children who have severe physical impairments, one of the biggest concerns is the loss of opportunities for meaningful play with objects, including physical contact and manipulation. Assistive robots can enable children to perform object manipulation through the control of simple interfaces. Touch sensations conveyed through haptic interfaces in the form of force reflection or force assistance can help a child to sense the environment and to control a robot...
July 11, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649479/functional-outcomes-of-childhood-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-20-to-28-years-later
#3
T S Park, Jenny L Liu, Caleb Edwards, Deanna M Walter, Matthew B Dobbs
BACKGROUND: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a surgical method used to treat childhood spastic cerebral palsy (CP). However, the effects of early SDR on functional outcomes and quality of life decades later in adulthood remains to be elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term outcomes in terms of satisfaction and mobility of adult patients who received childhood SDR. METHODS: Adult patients who received SDR in childhood were surveyed...
May 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646691/what-housing-features-should-inform-the-development-of-housing-solutions-for-adults-with-neurological-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Courtney J Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A Whitty
Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design...
June 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641160/effects-of-hip-joint-centre-mislocation-on-gait-kinematics-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-calculated-using-patient-specific-direct-and-inverse-kinematic-models
#5
Hans Kainz, Christopher P Carty, Sheanna Maine, Henry P J Walsh, David G Lloyd, Luca Modenese
Joint kinematics can be calculated by Direct Kinematics (DK), which is used in most clinical gait laboratories, or Inverse Kinematics (IK), which is mainly used for musculoskeletal research. In both approaches, joint centre locations are required to compute joint angles. The hip joint centre (HJC) in DK models can be estimated using predictive or functional methods, while in IK models can be obtained by scaling generic models. The aim of the current study was to systematically investigate the impact of HJC location errors on lower limb joint kinematics of a clinical population using DK and IK approaches...
June 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628523/effectiveness-of-surgery-for-adults-with-hallux-valgus-deformity-a-systematic-review
#6
Jitka Klugarova, Victoria Hood, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Miloslav Klugar, Jana Mareckova, Zuzana Kelnarova
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus (HV) is a common foot deformity. In severe stages of this condition, surgery is often necessary. Currently, there is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of surgery over conservative treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to establish the effectiveness of surgery compared to conservatory management for adults with HV. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review included adults (18 years or over) with HV deformity, excluding adults with neurological problems causing foot deformities, for example, cerebral palsy, neuropathy, stroke and multiple sclerosis...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624135/effectiveness-of-vitamin-k2-on-osteoporosis-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Yuichi Kodama, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Tomohiro Kubota, Yoshifumi Hiroyama, Hiroshi Fukami, Kensuke Matsushita, Yoshifumi Kawano
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis can lead to spontaneous fractures in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). Undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) is a useful marker for vitamin K insufficiency in osteoporosis. The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin K2 on bone mineral density (BMD) in adults with CP and vitamin K insufficiency. METHODS: Sixteen adults, median age of 56years, with CP and osteoporosis in whom the serum ucOC concentration exceeded 4...
June 14, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619011/to-be-active-through-indoor-climbing-an-exploratory-feasibility-study-in-a-group-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-typically-developing-children
#8
Mark Schram Christensen, Thor Jensen, Camilla B Voigt, Jens Bo Nielsen, Jakob Lorentzen
BACKGROUND: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the most common cause of motor disabilities in children and young adults and it is also often associated with cognitive and physiological challenges. Climbing requires a multifaceted repertoire of movements, participants at all levels of expertise may be challenged functionally and cognitively, making climbing of great potential interest in (re)habilitation settings. However, until now only few research projects have investigated the feasibility of climbing as a potential activity for heightening physical activity in children with CP and the possible beneficial effects of climbing activities in populations with functional and/or cognitive challenges...
June 15, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617943/long-term-impact-of-childhood-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-on-pain-fatigue-and-function-a-case-control-study
#9
Alecia K Daunter, Anna L Kratz, Edward A Hurvitz
AIM: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a surgical treatment for spasticity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Studies suggest long-lasting effects of SDR on spasticity; long-term effects on symptoms and function are not clear. This study tested whether adults with CP (average 22y after SDR) report less pain, fatigue, and functional decline than a retrospectively assessed non-surgical comparison group. METHOD: This was a case-control study. Eighty-eight adults with CP (mean age 27y; SDR=38 male/female/missing=20/16/2; non-surgical [comparison]=50, male/female=19/31) recruited from a tertiary care center and the community completed a battery of self-reported outcome measures...
June 15, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611612/spasticity-measurement-based-on-tonic-stretch-reflex-threshold-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-using-the-pedianklebot
#10
Marco Germanotta, Juri Taborri, Stefano Rossi, Flaminia Frascarelli, Eduardo Palermo, Paolo Cappa, Enrico Castelli, Maurizio Petrarca
Nowadays, objective measures are becoming prominent in spasticity assessment, to overcome limitations of clinical scales. Among others, Tonic Stretch Reflex Threshold (TSRT) showed promising results. Previous studies demonstrated the validity and reliability of TSRT in spasticity assessment at elbow and ankle joints in adults. Purposes of the present study were to assess: (i) the feasibility of measuring TSRT to evaluate spasticity at the ankle joint in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), and (ii) the correlation between objective measures and clinical scores...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602046/exercise-interventions-for-cerebral-palsy
#11
REVIEW
Jennifer M Ryan, Elizabeth E Cassidy, Stephen G Noorduyn, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder resulting from an injury to the developing brain. It is the most common form of childhood disability with prevalence rates of between 1.5 and 3.8 per 1000 births reported worldwide. The primary impairments associated with CP include reduced muscle strength and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, resulting in difficulties performing activities such as dressing, walking and negotiating stairs.Exercise is defined as a planned, structured and repetitive activity that aims to improve fitness, and it is a commonly used intervention for people with CP...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589450/central-nervous-system-involvement-in-adults-with-haemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-a-single-center-study
#12
Guilan Cai, Yini Wang, Xiaojing Liu, Yanfei Han, Zhao Wang
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by proliferation and diffuse infiltration multiple organs with histiocytes, including the central nervous system (CNS). Neurological manifestations of HLH have been recognized in different studies with children, but they remain relatively ill-defined in adults with HLH. From March 2008 to October 2014, 289 adult patients with HLH were admitted to our center. Clinical, radiological, and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) data of the patients with CNS involvement were reviewed, and a retrospective study in our single-center was carried out...
August 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569523/mastery-motivation-and-executive-functions-as-predictors-of-adaptive-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-or-myelomeningocele
#13
Seth Warschausky, Jacqueline N Kaufman, Michael Evitts, William Schutt, Edward A Hurvitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To examine mastery motivation and executive functions or behaviors as predictors of adaptive behavior in adolescents and young adults with congenital neurodevelopmental conditions. METHOD: Participants were 2 groups of adolescents and young adults, ages 13-29, including 43 with cerebral palsy and 36 with myelomeningocele living with a parent or caregiver. Participants completed measures of mastery motivation, executive functions or behaviors, and a measure of adaptive behavior...
June 1, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555382/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-self-reported-physical-and-mental-disorders-among-adults-with-hearing-loss-in-denmark-a-national-survey
#14
Jesper Dammeyer, Madeleine Chapman
PURPOSE: Existing research shows that people with hearing loss have a high risk of additional physical and mental disorders. However, only a few population-based studies have been conducted. This study assesses the prevalence and characteristics of additional disorders among adults with hearing loss in Denmark and thereby contributes a population-based study to this area of research. METHOD: Data on self-reported physical and mental disorders from a national survey of 772 adults with hearing loss were compared to corresponding data from a national survey of 18,017 adults from the general population...
July 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524702/school-success-and-participation-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy-a-qualitative-study-exploring-multiple-perspectives
#15
Helen M Bourke-Taylor, Claire Cotter, Aislinn Lalor, Lindy Johnson
PURPOSE: This qualitative study investigated perceived successful school experiences for students with cerebral palsy in Australia. Participation and appropriate support in school are complex concepts, although few studies have investigated all stakeholders' perspectives. METHODS: Phenomenology informed the study that centered on the concept of a successful school experience. In-depth interviews occurred with students (n = 7), parents (n = 11), teachers (n = 10), school principals (n = 9) and allied health practitioners (n = 10) to gain the perspective from multiple vantage points...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505986/combined-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-robotic-upper-limb-therapy-improves-upper-limb-function-in-an-adult-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Kathleen M Friel, Peter Lee, Lindsey V Soles, Ana R P Smorenburg, Hsing-Ching Kuo, Dylan J Edwards
BACKGROUND: Robotic therapy can improve upper limb function in hemiparesis. Excitatory transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can prime brain motor circuits before therapy. OBJECTIVE: We tested safety and efficacy of tDCS plus robotic therapy in an adult with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). METHODS: In each of 36 sessions, anodal tDCS (2 mA, 20 min) was applied over the motor map of the affected hand. Immediately after tDCS, the participant completed robotic therapy, using the shoulder, elbow, and wrist (MIT Manus)...
May 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497442/-myths-and-evidence-on-the-use-of-botulinum-toxin-spasticity-in-adults-and-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
J C Martinez-Castrillo, J L Pena-Segura, P Sanz-Cartagena, X Alonso-Curco, J M Arbelo-Gonzalez, G Arriola-Pereda, M D Coll-Bosch, J A Conejero-Casares, A Garcia-Ribes, S Jauma-Classen, J Pagonabarraga, J Vidal-Valls, P J Garcia-Ruiz
INTRODUCTION: Spasticity is a medical problem with a high incidence that significantly impact on the quality of life of patients and their families. AIM: To analyze and to answer different questions about the use of botulinum toxin type A (BTA) in our clinical practice. DEVELOPMENT: A group of experts in neurology develop a list of topics related with the use of BTA. Two big groups were considered: spasticity in adults and in children with cerebral palsy...
May 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492217/prevalence-of-intellectual-disabilities-and-epilepsy-in-different-forms-of-spastic-cerebral-palsy-in-adults
#18
Mladenka Vukojević, Tomislav Cvitković, Bruno Splavski, Zdenko Ostojić, Darinka Šumanović-Glamuzina, Josip Šimić
BACKGROUND: Spastic cerebral palsy may be interconnected with other neurodevelopmental disorders such as intellectual disabilities, and epilepsy. Brain synaptic plasticity and successful restorative rehabilitation may also contribute to diminish neurological deficit of patients having cerebral palsy. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of intellectual disabilities and epilepsy in adult patients with different forms of spastic cerebral palsy and to find out correlation between the severity level of intellectual disabilities and epilepsy...
May 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468319/an-acceleration-based-gait-assessment-method-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Xiang Chen, Songmei Liao, Shuai Cao, De Wu, Xu Zhang
With the aim of providing an objective tool for motion disability assessment in clinical diagnosis and rehabilitation therapy of cerebral palsy (CP) patients, an acceleration-based gait assessment method was proposed in this paper. To capture gait information, three inertial measurement units (IMUs) were placed on the lower trunk and thigh, respectively. By comparing differences in the gait acceleration modes between children with CP and healthy subjects, an assessment method based on grey relational analysis and five gait parameters, including Pearson coefficient, variance ratio, the number of extreme points, harmonic ratio and symmetry was established...
May 2, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452046/employment-as-a-measure-of-participation-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Susan I Michelsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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