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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229395/transcranial-magnetic-and-direct-current-stimulation-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Mustafa Q Hameed, Sameer C Dhamne, Roman Gersner, Harper L Kaye, Lindsay M Oberman, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Alexander Rotenberg
Promising results in adult neurologic and psychiatric disorders are driving active research into transcranial brain stimulation techniques, particularly transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), in childhood and adolescent syndromes. TMS has realistic utility as an experimental tool tested in a range of pediatric neuropathologies such as perinatal stroke, depression, Tourette syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). tDCS has also been tested as a treatment for a number of pediatric neurologic conditions, including ASD, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, and cerebral palsy...
February 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228720/motor-learning-abilities-are-similar-in-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy-compared-to-controls-as-assessed-by-adaptation-to-unilateral-leg-weighting-during-gait-part-i
#2
Diane L Damiano, Christopher J Stanley, Thomas C Bulea, Hyung Soon Park
Introduction: Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) demonstrate high response variability to motor training insufficiently accounted for by age or severity. We propose here that differences in the inherent ability to learn new motor tasks may explain some of this variability. Damage to motor pathways involving the cerebellum, which may be a direct or indirect effect of the brain injury for many with CP, has been shown to adversely affect the ability to learn new motor tasks and may be a potential explanation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227798/upper-limb-kinematics-of-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-on-bilateral-functional-tasks
#3
Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson, Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson, Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson
Adults with cerebral palsy (CP) often show upper limb impairments which impact their ability to execute activities of daily living (ADLs). Three adults with CP and five healthy adults performed three types of bilateral and unilateral ADLs: drink, pour, and pick and place tasks. An affordable bilateral assessment system (BiAS) was used to measure wrist kinematic trajectories. Four metrics, total completion time, maximum velocity, smoothness, and phase difference, were used to evaluate each functional task. Overall, adults with CP took a longer time than the healthy subjects to complete all unilateral functional tasks with their non-dominant hand...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187693/parents-experiences-of-participation-in-physical-activities-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protecting-and-pushing-towards-independence
#4
Katarina Lauruschkus, Eva Nordmark, Inger Hallström
PURPOSE: To explore how parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience their child's participation in physical activities and to identify facilitators and barriers for being physically active and reducing sedentary behaviour. METHODS: Twenty-five parents of sixteen children, aged 8-11 years old with CP, with varying gross motor, cognitive and communicative functions and with different cultural backgrounds, participated in focus group or individual interviews...
April 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157275/continuous-cardiotocography-ctg-as-a-form-of-electronic-fetal-monitoring-efm-for-fetal-assessment-during-labour
#5
REVIEW
Zarko Alfirevic, Declan Devane, Gillian Ml Gyte, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Cardiotocography (CTG) records changes in the fetal heart rate and their temporal relationship to uterine contractions. The aim is to identify babies who may be short of oxygen (hypoxic) to guide additional assessments of fetal wellbeing, or determine if the baby needs to be delivered by caesarean section or instrumental vaginal birth. This is an update of a review previously published in 2013, 2006 and 2001. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of continuous cardiotocography when used as a method to monitor fetal wellbeing during labour...
February 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131322/safety-tolerability-and-sensorimotor-effects-of-extended-release-dalfampridine-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#6
Francois Bethoux, Ali Fatemi, Eileen Fowler, Christina Marciniak, Angeli Mayadev, Joel Waksman, Kathleen Zackowski, Gustavo Suarez, Andrew R Blight, Adrian L Rabinowicz, Enrique Carrazana
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of dalfampridine extended release (D-ER) in a pilot study of adults with cerebral palsy (CP) and limited ambulatory ability, and to explore drug effects on sensorimotor function. METHODS: An initial double-blind, single-dose crossover study was performed in 11 individuals randomized 1:1 to receive D-ER (10 mg) or placebo, followed by a 2-day washout period and the opposite treatment, with evaluation for safety and tolerability...
February 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119875/effects-of-vojta-method-on-trunk-stability-in-healthy-individuals
#7
Sun-Young Ha, Yun-Hee Sung
Vojta reflex locomotion is important to main upright posture through stimulation of breast zone to patient with cerebral palsy. However, application in other diseases is no investigated. So, we determined the effects of stimulation of the breast zone on trunk stability in healthy individuals. Fourteen young healthy adults (7 males and 7 females) voluntarily participated in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into an experimental group (breast zone) and control group (arbitrary point). All groups were stimulated for 5 min on the left and right sides, respectively, for a total 10 times...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094881/children-with-motor-impairment-related-to-cerebral-palsy-prevalence-severity-and-concurrent-impairments-in-china
#8
Ping He, Gong Chen, Zhenjie Wang, Chao Guo, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of motor impairment in childhood. This study aimed to examine the prevalence, severity and concurrent impairments of CP-related motor impairment among Chinese children. METHODS: Children with CP-related motor impairment aged 0-17 years were identified through a national population-based survey based on World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Logistic regression models allowing for weights were used to examine individual and family factors in relation to CP-related motor impairment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068863/an-exploratory-study-investigating-the-multidimensional-factors-impacting-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065772/multimorbidity-in-middle-aged-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Nicole Cremer, Edward A Hurvitz, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with cerebral palsy have less lean body mass, greater relative adiposity, and lower fitness and physical activity participation, and yet the prevalence of age-related multimorbidity in this population has yet to be established. The study objective was to examine the prevalence of lifestyle-related chronic conditions and multimorbidity in a sample of middle-aged adults with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A clinic-based sample of middle-aged adults with cerebral palsy was examined using Electronic Medical Records Search Engine software...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064025/plantar-flexor-muscle-weakness-and-fatigue-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-patients
#11
Daria Neyroud, Stéphane Armand, Geraldo De Coulon, Sarah R Dias Da Silva, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Bengt Kayser, Nicolas Place
BACKGROUND: Patients with cerebral palsy develop an important muscle weakness which might affect the aetiology and extent of exercise-induced neuromuscular fatigue. AIM: This study evaluated the aetiology and extent of plantar flexor neuromuscular fatigue in patients with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Ten patients with cerebral palsy and 10 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals (∼20 years old, 6 females) performed four 30-s maximal isometric plantar flexions interspaced by a resting period of 2-3s to elicit a resting twitch...
January 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062175/intranasal-c3a-treatment-ameliorates-cognitive-impairment-in-a-mouse-model-of-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury
#12
Javier Morán, Anna Stokowska, Frederik R Walker, Carina Mallard, Henrik Hagberg, Marcela Pekna
Perinatal asphyxia-induced brain injury is often associated with irreversible neurological complications such as intellectual disability and cerebral palsy but available therapies are limited. Novel neuroprotective therapies as well as approaches stimulating neural plasticity mechanism that can compensate for cell death after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) are urgently needed. We previously reported that single i.c.v. injection of complement-derived peptide C3a 1h after HI induction prevented HI-induced cognitive impairment when mice were tested as adults...
April 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904240/effectiveness-of-exercise-on-functional-mobility-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#13
Hillary Lawrence, Sara Hills, Nicole Kline, Kyra Weems, Antonette Doty
Purpose: We identified evidence evaluating the effect of exercise on functional mobility in adults (aged 18 y or older) with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: An exhaustive search was conducted using the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from the earliest available evidence (1975) to the present (January 2016) for studies whose participants were ambulatory adults with CP receiving conservative treatment to address functional mobility limitations...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891744/inducing-speech-errors-in-dysarthria-using-tongue-twisters
#14
Heather Kember, Kathryn Connaghan, Rupal Patel
Although tongue twisters have been widely use to study speech production in healthy speakers, few studies have employed this methodology for individuals with speech impairment. The present study compared tongue twister errors produced by adults with dysarthria and age-matched healthy controls. Eight speakers (four female, four male; mean age = 54.5 years) with spastic (mixed-spastic) dysarthria of varying aetiology (cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, multiple system atrophy) and eight controls (four female, four male; mean age = 56...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862024/medial-gastrocnemius-specific-force-of-adult-men-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#15
Ayser W Hussain, Gladys L Onambele, Alun G Williams, Christopher I Morse
INTRODUCTION: Muscle weakness determines functional impairment in spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). Measurement of specific force (SF) allows for strength comparison with unimpaired populations (controls) accounting for neural (activation and coactivation), architectural (fascicle length and pennation angle), and structural differences (moment arm length). METHODS: Medial gastrocnemius (MG) SF (and its determinants) was assessed in both paretic and non-paretic legs of 11 men with SCP and 11 age-matched controls during plantarflexion maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC)...
November 15, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861780/towards-a-better-understanding-of-fatigue-experienced-by-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Prue Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861776/fatigue-and-its-relationship-with-physical-activity-age-and-body-composition-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Patrick G McPhee, Laura K Brunton, Brian W Timmons, Todd Bentley, Jan Willem Gorter
AIM: The objectives of this exploratory study were (1) to describe the experience of fatigue in adults with cerebral palsy (CP) inclusive of all levels of the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS); and (2) to determine if physical activity level, sedentary time, age, or body composition can predict fatigue in adults with CP. METHOD: An observational study was conducted in an outpatient setting in Ontario, Canada. Participants included adults with CP (n=41; GMFCS levels I-V; mean age 33...
November 14, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843003/-social-participation-after-childhood-craniopharyngioma
#18
C Olivari-Philiponnet, F Roumenoff, M Schneider, C Chantran, M Picot, P Berlier, C Mottolese, J-C Bernard, C Vuillerot
: Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign central nervous system tumor, which may be a source of multiple complications, from endocrinology to vision, neurology and neurocognitive functions. This morbidity can lead to reduced participation in life activities, as described in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The primary objective of this study was to measure participation in life activities in a population of children and young adults affected by childhood craniopharyngioma, using the LIFE-H questionnaire (Assessment of Life Habits), validated as a social participation measurement tool in various pediatric disabilities...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820658/the-salford-gait-tool-does-the-clinical-experience-of-the-raters-influence-the-inter-rater-reliability
#19
Matteo Paci, Giuditta Mini, Mariangela Marchettini, Francesco Ferrarello
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to verify if the amount of experience or the specific professional field of the raters may influence inter-rater reliability of the Salford Gait Tool (SF-GT). METHODS: Standardized videos of gait of seven children with cerebral palsy were recorded and assessed by three physiotherapists with experience in pediatrics (PPTs), three physiotherapists with experience with adult individuals (n-PPTs), and three students of physiotherapy...
November 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796422/type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-risk-of-incident-epilepsy-a-population-based-open-cohort-study
#20
George E Dafoulas, Konstantinos A Toulis, Dougall Mccorry, Balachadran Kumarendran, G Neil Thomas, Brian H Willis, Krishna Gokhale, George Gkoutos, Parth Narendran, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this research was to explore the relationship between incident epilepsy and type 1 diabetes in British participants. METHODS: Using The Health Improvement Network database, we conducted a retrospective, open-cohort study. Patients who were newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus at the age of ≤40 years were identified and followed-up from 1 January 1990 to 15 September 2015. These patients, identified as not suffering from epilepsy at the time of diagnosis, were randomly matched with up to four individuals without type 1 diabetes mellitus, based on age, sex and participating general practice...
February 2017: Diabetologia
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