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adult cerebral palsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068863/an-exploratory-study-investigating-the-multidimensional-factors-impacting-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065772/multimorbidity-in-middle-aged-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Nicole Cremer, Edward A Hurvitz, Mark D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Individuals with cerebral palsy have less lean body mass, greater relative adiposity, and lower fitness and physical activity participation; and yet, the prevalence of age-related multimorbidity in this population has yet to be established. PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of lifestyle-related chronic conditions and multimorbidity in a sample of middle-aged adults with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A clinic-based sample of middle-aged adults with cerebral palsy was examined using Electronic Medical Records Search Engine (EMERSE) software...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064025/plantar-flexor-muscle-weakness-and-fatigue-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-patients
#3
Daria Neyroud, Stéphane Armand, Geraldo De Coulon, Sarah R Dias Da Silva, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Bengt Kayser, Nicolas Place
BACKGROUND: Patients with cerebral palsy develop an important muscle weakness which might affect the aetiology and extent of exercise-induced neuromuscular fatigue. AIM: This study evaluated the aetiology and extent of plantar flexor neuromuscular fatigue in patients with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Ten patients with cerebral palsy and 10 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals (∼20 years old, 6 females) performed four 30-s maximal isometric plantar flexions interspaced by a resting period of 2-3s to elicit a resting twitch...
January 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062175/intranasal-c3a-treatment-ameliorates-cognitive-impairment-in-a-mouse-model-of-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury
#4
Javier Morán, Anna Stokowska, Frederik R Walker, Carina Mallard, Henrik Hagberg, Marcela Pekna
Perinatal asphyxia-induced brain injury is often associated with irreversible neurological complications such as intellectual disability and cerebral palsy but available therapies are limited. Novel neuroprotective therapies as well as approaches stimulating neural plasticity mechanism that can compensate for cell death after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) are urgently needed. We previously reported that single i.c.v. injection of complement-derived peptide C3a 1h after HI induction prevented HI-induced cognitive impairment when mice were tested as adults...
January 3, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904240/effectiveness-of-exercise-on-functional-mobility-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#5
Hillary Lawrence, Sara Hills, Nicole Kline, Kyra Weems, Antonette Doty
Purpose: We identified evidence evaluating the effect of exercise on functional mobility in adults (aged 18 y or older) with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: An exhaustive search was conducted using the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from the earliest available evidence (1975) to the present (January 2016) for studies whose participants were ambulatory adults with CP receiving conservative treatment to address functional mobility limitations...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891744/inducing-speech-errors-in-dysarthria-using-tongue-twisters
#6
Heather Kember, Kathryn Connaghan, Rupal Patel
Although tongue twisters have been widely use to study speech production in healthy speakers, few studies have employed this methodology for individuals with speech impairment. The present study compared tongue twister errors produced by adults with dysarthria and age-matched healthy controls. Eight speakers (four female, four male; mean age = 54.5 years) with spastic (mixed-spastic) dysarthria of varying aetiology (cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, multiple system atrophy) and eight controls (four female, four male; mean age = 56...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862024/medial-gastrocnemius-specific-force-of-adult-men-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#7
Ayser W Hussain, Gladys L Onambele, Alun G Williams, Christopher I Morse
INTRODUCTION: Muscle weakness determines functional impairment in spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). Measurement of specific force (SF) allows for strength comparison with unimpaired populations (controls) accounting for neural (activation and coactivation), architectural (fascicle length and pennation angle), and structural differences (moment arm length). METHODS: Medial gastrocnemius (MG) SF (and its determinants) was assessed in both paretic and non-paretic legs of 11 men with SCP and 11 age-matched controls during plantarflexion maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC)...
November 15, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861780/towards-a-better-understanding-of-fatigue-experienced-by-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Prue Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861776/fatigue-and-its-relationship-with-physical-activity-age-and-body-composition-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Patrick G McPhee, Laura K Brunton, Brian W Timmons, Todd Bentley, Jan Willem Gorter
AIM: The objectives of this exploratory study were (1) to describe the experience of fatigue in adults with cerebral palsy (CP) inclusive of all levels of the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS); and (2) to determine if physical activity level, sedentary time, age, or body composition can predict fatigue in adults with CP. METHOD: An observational study was conducted in an outpatient setting in Ontario, Canada. Participants included adults with CP (n=41; GMFCS levels I-V; mean age 33...
November 14, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843003/-social-participation-after-childhood-craniopharyngioma
#10
C Olivari-Philiponnet, F Roumenoff, M Schneider, C Chantran, M Picot, P Berlier, C Mottolese, J-C Bernard, C Vuillerot
: Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign central nervous system tumor, which may be a source of multiple complications, from endocrinology to vision, neurology and neurocognitive functions. This morbidity can lead to reduced participation in life activities, as described in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The primary objective of this study was to measure participation in life activities in a population of children and young adults affected by childhood craniopharyngioma, using the LIFE-H questionnaire (Assessment of Life Habits), validated as a social participation measurement tool in various pediatric disabilities...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820658/the-salford-gait-tool-does-the-clinical-experience-of-the-raters-influence-the-inter-rater-reliability
#11
Matteo Paci, Giuditta Mini, Mariangela Marchettini, Francesco Ferrarello
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to verify if the amount of experience or the specific professional field of the raters may influence inter-rater reliability of the Salford Gait Tool (SF-GT). METHODS: Standardized videos of gait of seven children with cerebral palsy were recorded and assessed by three physiotherapists with experience in pediatrics (PPTs), three physiotherapists with experience with adult individuals (n-PPTs), and three students of physiotherapy...
November 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796422/type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-risk-of-incident-epilepsy-a-population-based-open-cohort-study
#12
George E Dafoulas, Konstantinos A Toulis, Dougall Mccorry, Balachadran Kumarendran, G Neil Thomas, Brian H Willis, Krishna Gokhale, George Gkoutos, Parth Narendran, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this research was to explore the relationship between incident epilepsy and type 1 diabetes in British participants. METHODS: Using The Health Improvement Network database, we conducted a retrospective, open-cohort study. Patients who were newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus at the age of ≤40 years were identified and followed-up from 1 January 1990 to 15 September 2015. These patients, identified as not suffering from epilepsy at the time of diagnosis, were randomly matched with up to four individuals without type 1 diabetes mellitus, based on age, sex and participating general practice...
February 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775599/corticospinal-excitability-in-children-with-congenital-hemiparesis
#13
Chao-Ying Chen, Tonya L Rich, Jessica M Cassidy, Bernadette T Gillick
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be used as an assessment or intervention to evaluate or influence brain activity in children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy (CP) commonly caused by perinatal stroke. This communication report analyzed data from two clinical trials using TMS to assess corticospinal excitability in children and young adults with hemiparetic CP. The results of this communication revealed a higher probability of finding a motor evoked potential (MEP) on the non-lesioned hemisphere compared to the lesioned hemisphere (p = 0...
October 20, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766516/proxy-reported-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-is-associated-with-executive-functions-and-cortical-thickness
#14
O Laporta-Hoyos, J Ballester-Plané, P Póo, A Macaya, M Meléndez-Plumed, E Vázquez, I Delgado, L Zubiaurre-Elorza, V L Botellero, A Narberhaus, E Toro-Tamargo, D Segarra, R Pueyo
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QOL) is a key outcome for people with cerebral palsy (CP), and executive functioning is an important predictor of QOL in other health-related conditions. Little is known about this association in CP or about its neural substrate. We aim to analyze the influence of executive functioning (including cognitive flexibility) as well as that of other psychological, motor, communication and socioeconomic variables on QOL and to identify neuroanatomical areas related to QOL in adolescents and adults with CP...
October 20, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757087/impact-of-cerebral-visual-impairments-on-motor-skills-implications-for-developmental-coordination-disorders
#15
Sylvie Chokron, Gordon N Dutton
Cerebral visual impairment (CVI) has become the primary cause of visual impairment and blindness in children in industrialized countries. Its prevalence has increased sharply, due to increased survival rates of children who sustain severe neurological conditions during the perinatal period. Improved diagnosis has probably contributed to this increase. As in adults, the nature and severity of CVI in children relate to the cause, location and extent of damage to the brain. In the present paper, we define CVI and how this impacts on visual function...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756560/-thrust-into-adulthood-transition-experiences-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Nancy Bagatell, Dara Chan, Kimberly Karrat Rauch, Deborah Thorpe
BACKGROUND: The transition to adulthood, the gradual change in roles and responsibilities, is identified as a challenging time for adolescents and young adults with physical disabilities, including those with cerebral palsy. Health care, education, employment, independent living, and community engagement have been identified as areas of concern. However, relatively little research has been done to understand the experiences, perceptions, and needs of individuals with cerebral palsy as they transition toward adulthood...
January 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743978/influence-of-maternal-obesity-on-the-long-term-health-of-offspring
#17
REVIEW
Keith M Godfrey, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susan L Prescott, Moffat Nyirenda, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Johan G Eriksson, Birit F P Broekman
In addition to immediate implications for pregnancy complications, increasing evidence implicates maternal obesity as a major determinant of offspring health during childhood and later adult life. Observational studies provide evidence for effects of maternal obesity on her offspring's risks of obesity, coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and asthma. Maternal obesity could also lead to poorer cognitive performance and increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders, including cerebral palsy. Preliminary evidence suggests potential implications for immune and infectious-disease-related outcomes...
January 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737885/ageing-with-cerebral-palsy-what-are-the-health-experiences-of-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-qualitative-study
#18
Suzie Mudge, Juliet Rosie, Susan Stott, Denise Taylor, Nada Signal, Kathryn McPherson
OBJECTIVE: To enhance understanding of the experiences of ageing with cerebral palsy (CP) in adulthood with a particular focus on experiences with health services. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive methodology was applied to capture adults' views of ageing with CP and related interactions with health services. Semistructured interviews were undertaken with data systematically coded and interpreted by grouping information into categories. Themes that encompassed the categories were identified through thematic analysis...
October 13, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715489/problematic-clinical-features-of-children-and-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-who-use-electric-powered-indoor-outdoor-wheelchairs-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Andrew O Frank, Lorraine H De Souza
This article aims to describe the clinical features of electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchair (EPIOC) users with cerebral palsy (CP) that are problematic to optimal prescription and to explore comorbidities, features of CP, and conditions secondary to disability impacting on equipment provision for children and adults. The method is a cross-sectional study of EPIOC users (n = 102) with a primary diagnosis of CP. This is a retrospective review of electronic and case note records of EPIOC recipients attending a specialist wheelchair service in 2007-2008...
October 7, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697405/total-hip-replacement-in-young-non-ambulatory-cerebral-palsy-patients
#20
C Morin, C Ursu, C Delecourt
INTRODUCTION: The everyday life of a non-ambulatory adolescent or young adult with cerebral palsy can be severely impaired by a painful or stiff hip. The usual surgical solutions such as proximal femoral resection (PFR) are not entirely satisfactory for pain relief, and are mutilating. HYPOTHESIS: A retrospective study assessed the impact of total hip replacement (THR) on such impairment, on the hypothesis that it is more effective than PFR in relieving pain, without aggravating disability...
September 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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