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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813541/reflections-on-medical-tourism-from-the-2016-global-healthcare-policy-and-management-forum
#1
Valorie A Crooks, Meghann Ormond, Ki Nam Jin
In October 2016, the Global Healthcare Policy and Management Forum was held at Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea. The goal of the forum was to discuss the role of the state in regulating and supporting the development of medical tourism. Forum attendees came from 10 countries. In this short report article, we identify key lessons from the forum that can inform the direction of future scholarly engagement with medical tourism. In so doing, we reference on-going scholarly debates about this global health services practice that have appeared in multiple venues, including this very journal...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813437/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-internet-use-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people-the-good-the-bad-and-the-unknown
#2
Amanda Marchant, Keith Hawton, Ann Stewart, Paul Montgomery, Vinod Singaravelu, Keith Lloyd, Nicola Purdy, Kate Daine, Ann John
BACKGROUND: Research exploring internet use and self-harm is rapidly expanding amidst concerns regarding influences of on-line activities on self-harm and suicide, especially in young people. We aimed to systematically review evidence regarding the potential influence of the internet on self-harm/suicidal behaviour in young people. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review based on an electronic search for articles published between 01/01/2011 and 26/01/2015 across databases including Medline, Cochrane and PsychInfo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810158/a-typology-of-vaping-identifying-differing-beliefs-motivations-for-use-identity-and-political-interest-amongst-e-cigarette-users
#3
Hannah Farrimond
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify and differentiate socially shared accounts of e-cigarette use (vaping) using Q-methodology, combining factor analysis with qualitative comments. METHODS: Seventy statements on e-cigarettes, drawn from media, academic and online discussions, were sorted by participants along a continuum of agreement/disagreement, commenting on strongly ranked items. Each participant thus created their own 'account' of their vaping...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808567/community-based-saving-groups-an-innovative-approach-to-overcome-the-financial-and-social-barriers-in-health-care-seeking-by-the-women-in-the-rural-remote-communities-of-pakistan
#4
Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Qayyum Noorani, Shazia Abbas
BACKGROUND: In remote rural areas of Pakistan, access to the maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) care provided by a skilled health provider is quite difficult. There are many reasons such as women's restricted social mobility, lack of education, disenfranchised in decision making and poverty. To overcome these barriers and impediments in district Chitral, which is the largest territory in terms of geography in province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, local women of reproductive age, were mobilized to form the Community Based Saving Groups (CBSGs) at the village level...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808130/meeting-report-on-the-asm-conference-on-mechanisms-of-interbacterial-cooperation-and-competition
#5
Bram Lories, Ilse Parijs, Kevin R Foster, Hans P Steenackers
The ASM Conference on Mechanisms of Interbacterial Cooperation and Competition was held in Washington DC, from 1 to 4 March 2017. The conference provided an international forum for sociomicrobiologists from different disciplines to present and discuss new findings. The meeting covered a wide range of topics, spanning molecular mechanisms, ecology, evolution, computation and manipulation of interbacterial interactions, and encompassed social communities in medicine, the natural environment, and industry. This report summarizes the presentations and emerging themes...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802695/scarce-resource-allocation-during-disasters-a-mixed-method-community-engagement-study
#6
Elizabeth Lee Daugherty Biddison, Howard S Gwon, Monica Schoch-Spana, Alan C Regenberg, Chrissie Juliano, Ruth R Faden, Eric S Toner
BACKGROUND: During a catastrophe, health care providers may face difficult questions regarding who will receive limited life-saving resources. The ethical principles that should guide decision-making have been considered by expert panels but have not been well explored with the public or front line clinicians. The objective of this study was to characterize the public's values regarding how scarce mechanical ventilators should be allocated during an influenza pandemic, with the ultimate goal of informing a statewide scare resource allocation framework...
August 9, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792575/-the-mental-health-promotion-of-children-and-teenagers-in-vulnerability-and-social-violence-the-challenges-for-an-intersectoral-network
#7
Izabel Christina Friche Passos, Kelly Vieira, Laura Moreira, Flávia Rodrigues, Margarete Amorim, Cláudia Santos, Ana Abreu, Lucas Gomes, Luciana Mendes, Isabella Lima, Francisco Moura, Cassandra França, Cláudia Ferraz
This paper presents and discusses the results of an intervention research conducted in Ouro Preto, Brazil from August 2014 to March 2016. The main objective was to contribute to the development of an intersectoral and interdisciplinary network to face psychosocial vulnerabilities of children and teenagers, especially related to sexual violence and drug use. To achieve this, we identified the difficulties faced by the Sistema de Garantia de Direitos Humanos da Criança e do Adolescente (SGDHCA) implemented by the municipality which take care of this population...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792570/-the-global-model-of-public-mental-health-and-recovery-mentors
#8
Jean-François Pelletier, Émilie Auclair
Objectives The aim of this paper is to revisit the Global Model of Public Mental Health (GMPMH) in light of the 4th Civic Forum. Recovery mentors of the University of Recovery chaired this public event, which was held in East-end Montreal, Canada, in 2016. The University of Recovery is a concept of co-learning among its members.Methods Being able to refer to international conventions and human rights standards is a key component of a genuine global approach that is supportive of individuals and communities in their quest for recovery and full citizenship...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792228/what-do-you-say-before-you-relapse-how-language-use-in-a-peer-to-peer-online-discussion-forum-predicts-risky-drinking-among-those-in-recovery
#9
Rachel Kornfield, Catalina L Toma, Dhavan V Shah, Tae Joon Moon, David H Gustafson
Increasingly, individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) seek and provide support for relapse prevention in text-based online environments such as discussion forums. This paper investigates whether language use within a peer-to-peer discussion forum can predict future relapse among individuals treated for AUD. A total of 104 AUD sufferers who had completed residential treatment participated in a mobile phone-based relapse-prevention program, where they communicated via an online forum over the course of a year...
August 9, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792171/glycemic-pentad
#10
Glycemic Pentad Forum
BACKGROUND: Conventionally, diabetes management involved targeting the triad of FPG, PPG, and HbA1c. However, several studies have suggested the quintessential need for a paradigm shift to incorporate glycemic variability and quality of life in the holistic diabetes control regimen. AIM: To generate a consensus and ratify the position of Glycemic Variability (GV) and Quality of Life (QOL), along with the traditional triad, in diabetes management in India. To evaluate whether the triple fixed dose combination of metformin, glimepiride, and voglibose can accomplish the goals of glycemic pentad...
July 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789739/teamstepps-virtual-teams-interactive-virtual-team-training-and-practice-for-health-professional-learners
#11
Rachel A Umoren, Julie A Poore, Linda Sweigart, Natalia Rybas, Evalyn Gossett, Miles Johnson, Martina Allen, Patricia J Scott, Barbara Truman, Rohit Das
Medical errors because of communication failure are common in health care settings. Teamwork training, such as Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS), improves team performance and patient outcomes. Academic institutions seek high-quality, low-cost curricula for interprofessional education (IPE) to prepare learners for clinical experiences before and after graduation; however, most IPE curricula involve lectures, simple tabletop exercises, and in-person simulations and are not readily accessible to geographically distributed and asynchronously engaged learners...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780581/developing-a-shared-decision-support-framework-for-aortic-root-surgery-in-marfan-syndrome
#12
Tom Treasure, Annette King, Loreto Hidalgo Lemp, Tal Golesworthy, John Pepper, Johanna Jm Takkenberg
OBJECTIVE: The study is an early phase of development of a decision support framework for people with Marfan syndrome who are anticipating prophylactic aortic root surgery. Implications of the timing and the nature of the operation chosen were previously elicited in focus groups. In this step, we explored the range of relative values placed by individuals on the implications of decisions made about surgery. METHODS: Following the principles of the Ottawa Decision Support Framework, eight questions in the general form 'How important is it to you …' were framed by a panel...
August 5, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780356/then-and-now-consumption-and-dependence-in-e-cigarette-users-who-formerly-smoked-cigarettes
#13
Matthew Browne, Daniel G Todd
Electronic cigarette use, or vaping, continues to be a focus for regulators and policy makers in public health, particularly since it can compete with or be a substitute for smoking. This study investigated characteristics of nicotine dependence and consumption in a sample of vapers who formerly smoked cigarettes. We recruited 436 (80% male) vapers from several internet discussion forums; 95% of whom previously smoked, but ceased after commencing vaping. These participants completed a retrospective version of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND-R), as well as a version modified to suit current vaping (FTND-V), along with measures of consumption...
July 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768607/peer-communication-in-online-mental-health-forums-for-young-people-directional-and-nondirectional-support
#14
Julie Prescott, Terry Hanley, Katalin Ujhelyi
BACKGROUND: The Internet has the potential to help young people by reducing the stigma associated with mental health and enabling young people to access services and professionals which they may not otherwise access. Online support can empower young people, help them develop new online friendships, share personal experiences, communicate with others who understand, provide information and emotional support, and most importantly help them feel less alone and normalize their experiences in the world...
August 2, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766359/best-practices-in-performing-flow-cytometry-in-a-regulated-environment-feedback-from-experience-within-the-european-bioanalysis-forum
#15
Barry van der Strate, Robin Longdin, Marie Geerlings, Nora Bachmayer, Maria Cavallin, Virginia Litwin, Minesh Patel, Wilfried Passe-Coutrin, Corinna Schoelch, Arjen Companjen, Marianne Scheel Fjording
Flow cytometry is a powerful tool that can be used for the support of (pre)clinical studies. Although various white papers are available that describe the set-up and validation of the instrumentation (the flow cytometer) and validation of flow cytometry methods, to date no guidelines exist that address the requirements for performing flow cytometry in a regulated environment. In this manuscript, the European Bioanalysis Forum presents additional practice guidance on the use of flow cytometry in the support of drug development programs and addresses areas that are not covered in the previous publications...
August 2, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760728/enabling-open-science-for-health-research-collaborative-informatics-environment-for-learning-on-health-outcomes-cielo
#16
Philip Payne, Omkar Lele, Beth Johnson, Erin Holve
BACKGROUND: There is an emergent and intensive dialogue in the United States with regard to the accessibility, reproducibility, and rigor of health research. This discussion is also closely aligned with the need to identify sustainable ways to expand the national research enterprise and to generate actionable results that can be applied to improve the nation's health. The principles and practices of Open Science offer a promising path to address both goals by facilitating (1) increased transparency of data and methods, which promotes research reproducibility and rigor; and (2) cumulative efficiencies wherein research tools and the output of research are combined to accelerate the delivery of new knowledge in proximal domains, thereby resulting in greater productivity and a reduction in redundant research investments...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760725/what-patients-can-tell-us-topic-analysis-for-social-media-on-breast-cancer
#17
Mike Donald Tapi Nzali, Sandra Bringay, Christian Lavergne, Caroline Mollevi, Thomas Opitz
BACKGROUND: Social media dedicated to health are increasingly used by patients and health professionals. They are rich textual resources with content generated through free exchange between patients. We are proposing a method to tackle the problem of retrieving clinically relevant information from such social media in order to analyze the quality of life of patients with breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to detect the different topics discussed by patients on social media and to relate them to functional and symptomatic dimensions assessed in the internationally standardized self-administered questionnaires used in cancer clinical trials (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 [QLQ-C30] and breast cancer module [QLQ-BR23])...
July 31, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750670/the-experience-of-a-nationwide-community-of-practice-to-set-up-regional-prevention-plans-in-italy
#18
Angela Giusti, Alberto Perra, Flavia Lombardo
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the Italian Ministry of Health decided to start the planning process to elaborate the National Plan of Prevention 2010-2012 jointly with the 21 Regions. The National Institute of Health was responsible for supporting regional planners (RPs) by an original participatory approach of a web-based Community of Practice (CoP) to set up their own Regional Plans of Prevention. In this paper, we summarise the theoretical framework adopted, the main phases characterising the lifecycle of the nationwide CoP, the evaluation approach adopted and its findings...
July 27, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745106/why-should-we-use-online-research-methods-four-doctoral-health-student-perspectives
#19
Jennifer Germain, Jane Harris, Sean Mackay, Clare Maxwell
The growth of the Internet has led to an increase in researchers utilizing online methods. Online communities such as forums, blogs, and video platforms are particularly useful for research involving populations that are Internet savvy, seldom heard or discussing sensitive or illicit behavior. Drawing upon the experiences of four doctoral health students who are using online methods, this article discusses the value and benefits of conducting online research as well as the limitations and difficulties encountered...
July 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739536/time2bhealthy-an-online-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-preschool-aged-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#20
Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: The use of parent-focused internet-based programs for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity has shown promise but there is an acknowledged gap in parent-focused interventions which target the early childhood stage. METHODS: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of Time2bHealthy - an online healthy lifestyle program for parents of preschool-aged children. The program will be evaluated using a two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled design...
July 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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