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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025694/desire-to-be-underweight-exploratory-study-on-a-weight-loss-app-community-and-user-perceptions-of-the-impact-on-disordered-eating-behaviors
#1
Elizabeth Victoria Eikey, Madhu C Reddy, Kayla M Booth, Lynette Kvasny, Johnna L Blair, Victor Li, Erika S Poole
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) apps for weight loss (weight loss apps) can be useful diet and exercise tools for individuals in need of losing weight. Most studies view weight loss app users as these types of individuals, but not all users have the same needs. In fact, users with disordered eating behaviors who desire to be underweight are also utilizing weight loss apps; however, few studies give a sense of the prevalence of these users in weight loss app communities and their perceptions of weight loss apps in relation to disordered eating behaviors...
October 12, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024708/nationwide-quality-of-hospice-care-findings-from-the-centers-for-medicare-medicaid-services-cms-hospice-quality-reporting-program-hqrp
#2
Nan Tracy Zheng, Qinghua Li, Laura C Hanson, Kathryn L Wessell, Natalie Chong, Noha Sherif, Ila H Broyles, Jennifer Frank, M Alexis Kirk, Carol R Schwartz, Alan F Levitt, Franziska Rokoske
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of the Medicare hospice benefit, policymakers recognize the need for quality measurement to assure that terminally ill patients receive high quality care and have the information they need when selecting a hospice. Towards these goals, CMS has been collecting standardized patient-level quality data via the Hospice Item Set (HIS) since July 1, 2014. OBJECTIVES: This article presents a first look at the national hospice HIS quality data...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020890/career-transition-points-in-toxicologic-pathology-management-and-consulting
#3
Shambhunath Choudhary, Tanasa Osborne, Rick R Adler, Kevin S McDorman, John E Dillberger, Ricardo Ochoa
In the constantly evolving field of toxicologic pathology, a pathologist's career is often characterized by multiple career transitions. However, these transitions can be challenging and/or overwhelming and may require a shift in focus, strategic approach, and acquisition of new skills and expertise. In order to provide a forum to discuss challenges associated with career transitions and skill set/competencies required to navigate career changes effectively and successfully, the Career Development and Outreach Committee of the Society of Toxicologic Pathology (STP) sponsored a career development workshop entitled "Transitions in a Pathologist's Career" in conjunction with the STP 36th annual symposium...
January 1, 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017993/views-of-community-managers-on-knowledge-co-creation-in-online-communities-for-people-with-disabilities-qualitative-study
#4
Julia Amann, Sara Rubinelli
BACKGROUND: The use of online communities to promote end user involvement and co-creation in the product and service innovation process is well documented in the marketing and management literature. Whereas online communities are widely used for health care service provision and peer-to-peer support, only little is known about how they could be integrated into the health care innovation process. OBJECTIVE: The overall objective of this qualitative study was to explore community managers' views on and experiences with knowledge co-creation in online communities for people with disabilities...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017160/role-of-molecular-biology-in-diagnosis-and-characterization-of-vulvo-vaginitis-in-clinical-practice
#5
Gilbert G G Donders, Jacques Ravel, Beatrice Vitali, Mihai G Netea, Andres Salumets, Magnus Unemo
The diagnosis of vulvo-vaginal complaints has always been enigmatic in obstetrics and gynecology. Patients with clear, pathognomonic symptoms end up with a proper diagnosis and treatment most of the time, but unfortunately we are now living in a world where women reach out to the Internet and readily get all information as to which disease their symptoms correspond to and also find the appropriate treatment "over-the-counter." Because of this trend, we as specialists are increasingly confronted with patients with complex and combined conditions...
October 10, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987444/vaccines-against-shigella-and-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-a-summary-of-the-2016-vase-conference
#6
Richard I Walker, Thomas F Wierzba, Sachin Mani, A Louis Bourgeois
PATH hosted the inaugural Vaccines Against Shigella and Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VASE) Conference in Washington, DC in June 2016, bringing together experts from around the world for a highly collaborative forum to discuss progress in the development of new enteric vaccines. Diarrheal disease and long-term sequelae caused by infections with the bacterial pathogens Shigella and enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) pose a significant public health burden in low-income communities. There are currently no licensed vaccines against these pathogens, and the global health community has recently prioritized their development...
October 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986035/estimating-the-full-public-health-value-of-vaccination
#7
Bradford D Gessner, David Kaslow, Jacques Louis, Kathleen Neuzil, Katherine L O'Brien, Valentina Picot, Tikki Pang, Umesh D Parashar, Mitra Saadatian-Elahi, Christopher B Nelson
There is an enhanced focus on considering the full public health value (FPHV) of vaccination when setting priorities, making regulatory decisions and establishing implementation policy for public health activities. Historically, a therapeutic paradigm has been applied to the evaluation of prophylactic vaccines and focuses on an individual benefit-risk assessment in prospective and individually-randomized phase III trials to assess safety and efficacy against etiologically-confirmed clinical outcomes. By contrast, a public health paradigm considers the population impact and encompasses measures of community benefits against a range of outcomes...
October 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981516/designing-a-course-model-for-distance-based-online-bioinformatics-training-in-africa-the-h3abionet-experience
#8
Kim T Gurwitz, Shaun Aron, Sumir Panji, Suresh Maslamoney, Pedro L Fernandes, David P Judge, Amel Ghouila, Jean-Baka Domelevo Entfellner, Fatma Z Guerfali, Colleen Saunders, Ahmed Mansour Alzohairy, Samson P Salifu, Rehab Ahmed, Ruben Cloete, Jonathan Kayondo, Deogratius Ssemwanga, Nicola Mulder
Africa is not unique in its need for basic bioinformatics training for individuals from a diverse range of academic backgrounds. However, particular logistical challenges in Africa, most notably access to bioinformatics expertise and internet stability, must be addressed in order to meet this need on the continent. H3ABioNet (www.h3abionet.org), the Pan African Bioinformatics Network for H3Africa, has therefore developed an innovative, free-of-charge "Introduction to Bioinformatics" course, taking these challenges into account as part of its educational efforts to provide on-site training and develop local expertise inside its network...
October 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980506/a-descriptive-statistical-analysis-of-volume-visibility-and-attitudes-regarding-nursing-and-care-robots-in-social-media
#9
Martin Salzmann-Erikson, Henrik Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Technology in the healthcare sector is undergoing rapid development. One of the most prominent areas of healthcare in which robots are implemented is nursing homes. However, nursing and technology are often considered as being contradictory, an attitude originating in the view of "the natural" versus "the artificial". Social media mirror this view, including in attitudes and societal debates regarding nursing and care robots. However, little is known about this topic in previous research...
October 5, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975473/why-are-there-so-few-ethics-consults-in-children-s-hospitals
#10
Brian Carter, Manuel Brockman, Jeremy Garrett, Angie Knackstedt, John Lantos
In most children's hospitals, there are very few ethics consultations, even though there are many ethically complex cases. We hypothesize that the reason for this may be that hospitals develop different mechanisms to address ethical issues and that many of these mechanisms are closer in spirit to the goals of the pioneers of clinical ethics than is the mechanism of a formal ethics consultation. To show how this is true, we first review the history of collaboration between philosophers and physicians about clinical dilemmas...
October 3, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972517/roundtable-on-health-literacy-issues-and-impact
#11
Lyla Hernandez, Melissa French, Ruth Parker
In 2004 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion, highlighted that "efforts to improve quality, to reduce costs, and to reduce disparities cannot succeed without efforts to improve health literacy" [1]. The IOM report emphasized that poor health literacy is a major challenge for individuals who need to find, understand, and use information to make informed decisions for health. Following the publication of the 2004 report and in response to rising interest in health literacy in the U...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967301/meeting-abstracts-academy-of-managed-care-pharmacy-nexus-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
The AMCP Abstracts program provides a forum through which authors can share their insights and outcomes of advanced managed care practice through publication in AMCP's Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy (JMCP). Abstracts that have been reviewed are published in the JMCP Meeting Abstracts supplement. Poster presentations for AMCP Nexus 2017 are scheduled for Wednesday, October 18, from 12:00 pm to 2:45 pm. For each poster, at least 1 author is available during the poster presentations to discuss findings...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967000/-we-make-choices-we-think-are-going-to-save-us-debate-and-stance-identification-for-online-breast-cancer-cam-discussions
#13
Shaodian Zhang, Lin Qiu, Frank Chen, Weinan Zhang, Yong Yu, Noémie Elhadad
Patients discuss complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in online health communities. Sometimes, patients' conflicting opinions toward CAM-related issues trigger debates in the community. The objectives of this paper are to identify such debates, identify controversial CAM therapies in a popular online breast cancer community, as well as patients' stances towards them. To scale our analysis, we trained a set of classifiers. We first constructed a supervised classifier based on a long short-term memory neural network (LSTM) stacked over a convolutional neural network (CNN) to detect automatically CAM-related debates from a popular breast cancer forum...
April 2017: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964950/the-global-bioequivalence-harmonization-initiative-summary-report-for-eufeps-international-conference
#14
REVIEW
Mei-Ling Chen, Henning Blume, Gerald Beuerle, Barbara Davit, Mehul Mehta, Henrike Potthast, Barbara Schug, Yu Chung Tsang, Ralph-Steven Wedemeyer, Werner Weitschies, Jan Welink
Bioequivalence (BE) is considered one of the key questions in new and generic drug product development and registration worldwide. However, the regulations and jurisdiction vary from country to country and continent to continent. Harmonization of regulatory requirements and criteria for BE determination may avoid unnecessary repetition of BE studies and minimize drug exposure to humans. Harmonization around the globe may be achieved by a better understanding of scientific principles and expectations from different regulatory authorities...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960547/developing-nurses-intercultural-intraprofessional-communication-skills-using-the-excellence-in-cultural-experiential-learning-and-leadership-excell-social-interaction-maps
#15
Saras Henderson, Michelle Barker
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine how the use of Social Interaction Maps (SIMs), a tool in the EXCELL (EXCELLence in Cultural Experiential Learning and Leadership) Program can enhance the development of nurses' intercultural/intraprofessional communication skills. BACKGROUND: Nurses face communication challenges when interacting with others from similar background as well as those from a culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) background. We used the EXCELL Program's Social Interaction Maps (SIMs) tool to foster intercultural/intraprofessional communication skills in nurses...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958054/shifting-paradigms-advance-care-planning-for-pain-management-in-older-adults-with-dementia
#16
Staja Star Booker, Rashida D Booker
Ensuring effective pain management is an important quality of life (and death) issue for older adults with dementia, particularly since they are more vulnerable to under-assessment and under-treatment of pain. Yet, pain management decisions are often made by health care providers and caregivers with little to no input on the older adult's with dementia values for pain management. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has recognized the revolutionary imperative to change the manner in which pain care is planned and coordinated...
April 1, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953187/early-detection-of-pancreatic-cancer-the-role-of-industry-in-the-development-of-biomarkers
#17
Barbara J Kenner, Vay Liang W Go, Suresh T Chari, Ann E Goldberg, Laura J Rothschild
A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is devastating owing to its poor prognosis, with a 5-year survival rate of only 9%. Currently, most individuals are diagnosed at a late stage when treatment options are limited. Early detection of pancreatic cancer provides the greatest hope for making substantial improvements in survival. The Kenner Family Research Fund in partnership with the American Pancreatic Association has sponsored a series of fora to stimulate discussion and collaboration on early detection of pancreatic cancer...
November 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951685/the-availability-of-information-on-induced-lactation-in-malaysia
#18
REVIEW
Norsyamlina Che Abdul Rahim, Zaharah Sulaiman, Tengku Alina Tengku Ismail
Induced lactation is a method of stimulating the production of breast milk in women who have not gone through the process of pregnancy. Recent advances in technology have given such women the opportunity to breastfeed adopted children. Previous studies conducted in Western countries have explored the breastfeeding of adopted children, as well as the experiences, successes and challenges of this process. However, research on procedures for breastfeeding adopted children is lacking in Malaysia. The authors have therefore reviewed literature related to induced lactation in Malaysia to fill this gap...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946855/an-intervention-strategy-for-improving-residential-environment-and-positive-mental-health-among-public-housing-tenants-rationale-design-and-methods-of-flash-on-my-neighborhood
#19
Janie Houle, Simon Coulombe, Stephanie Radziszewski, Xavier Leloup, Thomas Saïas, Juan Torres, Paul Morin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, public housing programs are an important part of governmental strategies to fight poverty and public exclusion. The Flash on my neighborhood! project is a four-year multiphase community-based participatory action research strategy currently implemented in six public housing developments (n = 1009 households) across the province of Québec, Canada. The goal is to reduce the mental health disparities faced by these public housing tenants compared to the general population, while identifying which environmental and policy changes are needed to turn public housing settings into healthier environments...
September 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940278/qualitative-study-of-online-discussion-forums-about-acne
#20
J Prior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
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