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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241144/the-diverse-reasons-for-using-novel-psychoactive-substances-a-qualitative-study-of-the-users-own-perspectives
#1
Christophe Soussan, Martin Andersson, Anette Kjellgren
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of legally ambiguous and precarious Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) constitutes a challenge for policy makers and public health. Scientific and more in-depth knowledge about the motivations for using NPS is scarce and often consist of predetermined, non-systematic, or poorly described reasons deduced from top-down approaches. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore and characterize the users' self-reported reasons for NPS use inductively and more comprehensively...
December 11, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239885/the-present-state-of-neurointensivist-training-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-to-other-critical-care-training-programs
#2
Evie G Marcolini, David B Seder, Jordan B Bonomo, Thomas P Bleck, J Claude Hemphill, Lori Shutter, Fred Rincon, Shelly D Timmons, Paul Nyquist
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript describes the state of neurocritical care fellowship training, compares its written standards to those of other critical care fellowship programs, and discusses how programmatic oversight by the United Council for Neurological Subspecialties should evolve to meet American College of Graduate Medical Education standards. This review is a work product of the Society of Critical Care Medicine Neuroscience section and was reviewed and approved by the Council of the Society of Critical Care Medicine...
December 12, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237440/experiences-of-community-members-and-researchers-on-community-engagement-in-an-ecohealth-project-in-south-africa-and-zimbabwe
#3
Rosemary Musesengwa, Moses J Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Community engagement (CE) models have provided much needed guidance for researchers to conceptualise and design engagement strategies for research projects. Most of the published strategies, however, still show very limited contribution of the community to the engagement process. One way of achieving this is to document experiences of community members in the CE processes during project implementation. The aim of our study was to explore the experiences of two research naïve communities, regarding a CE strategy collaboratively developed by researchers and study communities in a multicountry study...
December 13, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237220/-new-approaches-for-young-surgeons-students-symposium-on-minimally-invasive-surgery
#4
Paul Jonathan Roch, Mirco Friedrich, Karl-Friedrich Kowalewski, Mona Wanda Schmidt, Javier De la Garza Herrera, Philip Christoph Müller, Laura Benner, Philipp Romero, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Felix Nickel
Background Physician shortage is particularly striking in surgical specialities. Umbrella organisations are making an effort to recruit medical students. Students' symposia during congresses seem to provide a promising approach to developing motivation and promoting interest. An exemplary students' symposium took place at the three nations meeting for minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Our aim was to evaluate the students' symposium from the students' perspective, in order to give recommendations for the future...
December 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236359/the-relationship-between-student-engagement-with-online-content-and-achievement-in-a-blended-learning-anatomy-course
#5
Rodney A Green, Laura Y Whitburn, Anita Zacharias, Graeme Byrne, Diane L Hughes
Blended learning has become increasingly common in higher education. Recent findings suggest that blended learning achieves better student outcomes than traditional face-to-face teaching in gross anatomy courses. While face-to-face content is perceived as important to learning there is less evidence for the significance of online content in improving student outcomes. Students enrolled in a second-year anatomy course from the physiotherapy (PT), exercise physiology (EP), and exercise science (ES) programs across two campuses were included (n = 500)...
December 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234722/physician-industry-collaboration-organizational-considerations-for-the-future-of-innovation-and-growth-in-dermatology
#6
EDITORIAL
Wendy E Roberts, Neil S Sadick, Wilma F Bergfeld, Amy S Paller, Valerie D Callender, Lynn A Drake
The U.S. medical environment continues to evolve with issues from Privacy to EMR, Insurance regulations, Physician Access and Healthcare Reform, and MACRA (Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act) on the discussion table. Not since the advent of Medicare and Medicaid in the mid 1960's, have we seen such widespread changes in the medical healthcare environment (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services). Physicians, industry, patients and consumers are affected by the changes. These four groups have historically worked as separate entities, but are now key stakeholders in the future of dermatology...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233424/design-implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-online-elective-course-on-current-topics-in-pharmacy
#7
Kristen A Pate, Adam N Pate, Laurel A Sampognaro, Jessica H Brady, David J Caldwell
INTRODUCTION: To describe the design and implementation of the Current Topics in Professional Pharmacy online elective course and evaluate the degree to which the course improved student pharmacists' awareness of and interest in current topics affecting the profession of pharmacy. METHODS: A one-credit hour online summer elective included weekly modules of current topics affecting the profession of pharmacy, along with a longitudinal final project in which students created their own current topic module...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233408/structured-academic-discussions-through-an-online-education-specific-platform-to-improve-pharm-d-students-learning-outcomes
#8
Srikanth Kolluru, James T Varughese
OBJECTIVE: To facilitate active academic discussions using an online, education-centered platform and reinforce concepts, in order to improve overall course outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A third year integrated pharmacotherapy course was enrolled on an online searchable platform, Piazza®, to facilitate academic discussions. Students could ask, answer, and explore content, and build on submitted answers in wiki style in collaboration. Instructor posted learning objectives, endorsed student responses with correct answers and led follow-up discussions...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232472/harmonising-clinical-trials-within-the-gynecologic-cancer-intergroup-consensus-and-unmet-needs-from-the-fifth-ovarian-cancer-consensus-conference
#9
M A Bookman, A Okamoto, G Stuart, N Yanaihara, D Aoki, M Bacon, K Fujiwara, A González-Martín, P Harter, J W Kim, J Ledermann, E Pujade-Lauraine, M Quinn, K Ochiai
The Gynecologic Cancer InterGroup (GCIG) Fifth Ovarian Cancer Consensus Conference (OCCC) was held in Tokyo, Japan from 7 to 9 November 2015. It provided international consensus on 15 important questions in 4 topic areas, which were generated in accordance with the mission statement to establish 'International Consensus for Designing Better Clinical Trials'. The methodology for obtaining consensus was previously established and followed during the Fifth OCCC. All 29 clinical trial groups of GCIG participated in program development and deliberations...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229473/cystic-fibrosis-research-topics-featured-at-the-14th-ecfs-basic-science-conference-chairman-s-summary
#10
Marcus A Mall, Tzyh-Chang Hwang, Ineke Brakman
In recent years, tremendous progress has been made in the development of novel drugs targeting the basic defect in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). This breakthrough is based on a solid foundation of knowledge on CFTR's function in health and how mutations in CFTR cause CF multi-organ disease. This knowledge has been collected and continuously expanded by an active and persistent CF research community and has paved the way for precision medicine for CF. Since 2004, the European Cystic Fibrosis Society (ECFS) has held an annual Basic Science Conference that has evolved as an international forum for interdisciplinary discussion of hot topics and unsolved questions related to CF research...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221539/partnership-conference
#11
John A Bartlett, Sarah Cao, Blandina Mmbaga, Xu Qian, Michael Merson, Randall Kramer
BACKGROUND: The Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) was founded in 2006 with a goal to foster interdisciplinary global health education and research across Duke University and Duke Medical Center. Critical to achieving this goal is the need to develop and sustain strong international partnerships. OBJECTIVE: To host a conference with multiple international partners and strengthen existing relationships. METHODS: After a deliberate year-long planning process, DGHI convened a Partnership Conference with its international partners on the Duke University campus in conjunction with its 10th Anniversary Celebration...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207877/alternative-thiol-based-redox-systems
#12
Gustavo Salinas, Marcelo A Comini
The maintenance of thiol-redox homeostasis is vital to the survival of living organisms. Sulfur-based low molecular weight compounds and proteins synthesized by cells provide efficient and specific ways to counteract oxidative stress and regulate cellular processes. For these tasks, most organisms share the glutathione and thioredoxin NADPH-dependent redox systems. However, in certain lineages, evolution has taken different paths that led to the emergence of novel cysteine-based low molecular weight redox cofactors, around which new redox systems evolved...
December 5, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205261/report-and-research-agenda-of-the-american-geriatrics-society-and-national-institute-on-aging-bedside-to-bench-conference-on-urinary-incontinence-in-older-adults-a-translational-research-agenda-for-a-complex-geriatric-syndrome
#13
Camille P Vaughan, Alayne D Markland, Phillip P Smith, Kathryn L Burgio, George A Kuchel
The American Geriatrics Society, with support from the National Institute on Aging and other funders, held its ninth Bedside-to-Bench research conference, entitled "Urinary Incontinence in the Older Adult: A Translational Research Agenda for a Complex Geriatric Syndrome," October 16 to 18, 2016, in Bethesda, Maryland. As part of a conference series addressing three common geriatric syndromes-delirium, sleep and circadian rhythm disturbance, and urinary incontinence-the series highlighted relationships and pertinent clinical and pathophysiological commonalities between these conditions...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198063/baclofen-in-gamma-hydroxybutyrate-withdrawal-patterns-of-use-and-online-availability
#14
Christopher N Floyd, David M Wood, Paul I Dargan
PURPOSE: Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) withdrawal is a life-threatening condition that does not always respond to standard treatment with benzodiazepines. Baclofen has potential utility as a pharmacological adjunct and anecdotal reports suggest that it is being used by drug users to self-manage GHB withdrawal symptoms. Here, we investigate current patterns of use and the online availably of baclofen. METHODS: Data triangulation techniques were applied to published scientific literature and publicly accessible Internet resources (grey literature) to assess the use of baclofen in GHB withdrawal...
December 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190167/engaging-the-transgender-community-to-improve-medical-education-and-prioritize-healthcare-initiatives
#15
Emily J Noonan, Susan Sawning, Ryan Combs, Laura A Weingartner, Leslee J Martin, V Faye Jones, Amy Holthouser
Phenomenon: Transgender patients experience discrimination, limited access to care, and inadequate provider knowledge in healthcare settings. Medical education to address transgender-specific disparities is lacking. Research that engages transgender community members may help address health disparities by empowering patients, increasing trust, and informing medical curricula to increase competence. APPROACH: A 2015 Community Forum on Transgender Health Care was hosted at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, which included healthcare professionals and transgender community members to facilitate dialogue among mixed-participant groups using a World Café model...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184903/international-roadmap-for-artificial-gravity-research
#16
REVIEW
Gilles Clément
In this paper, we summarize the current and future research activities that will determine the requirements for implementing artificial gravity (AG) to mitigate the effects of long duration exposure to microgravity on board exploration class space vehicles. NASA and its international partners have developed an AG roadmap that contains a common set of goals, objectives, and milestones. This roadmap includes both ground-based and space-based projects, and involves human subjects as well as animal and cell models...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171071/person-centred-web-based-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-motherhood-for-women-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
K Linden, M Berg, A Adolfsson, C Sparud-Lundin
AIMS: To report results from and explore use of a multicentre, parallel-group, unblinded, randomized controlled trial testing the effectiveness in terms of well-being and diabetes management of a person-centred, web-based support programme for women with Type 1 diabetes, in pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2014, 174 pregnant women with Type 1 diabetes were randomly allocated (1:1) to web-based support and standard care (intervention group, n=83), or standard care (control group, n=91)...
November 24, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166481/-prep-forum-an-on-line-debate-on-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-in-brazil
#18
Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz, Alvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa
This study aimed to identify health-promoting contents focused on HIV/Aids prevention in messages posted in a Facebook group for debates on the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). This was a prospective observational study using systematic non-participant observation. From July 2015 to June 2016, all the posts in the group were catalogued and formed a corpus. Everything was processed in IRaMuTeQ and analyzed by descending hierarchical classification. The collected data were grouped in three classes: (1) HIV/Aids prevention: discussing prophylaxis, treatment, target public, and side effects; (2) universal access to PrEP in Brazil: discussing government responsibilities; (3) on-line purchase of truvada: exposing a situation of vulnerability...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166426/rhinology-future-debates-an-euforea-report
#19
W J Fokkens, C Bachert, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, J Bousquet, M Djandji, A Dorenbaum, D Hakimi-Mehr, S Hendry, C Hopkins, A Leunig, L Mannent, D Mucha, M Onerci, B Pugin, S Toppila-Salmi, P Rowe, S F Seys, S Stimson, A Strzembosz, P W Hellings
The first Rhinology Future Debates was held in Brussels in December 2016, organized by EUFOREA (European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airways diseases). The purpose of these debates is to bring novel developments in the field of Rhinology to the attention of the medical, paramedical and patient community, in a highly credible and balanced context. For the first time in Rhinology, a peer to peer scientific exchange with key experts in the field of rhinology and key medical colleagues from leading industries let to a brainstorming and discussion event on a number of hot issues in Rhinology...
November 22, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153081/risks-and-benefits-of-twitter-use-by-hematologists-oncologists-in-the-era-of-digital-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Deanna J Attai, Patricia F Anderson, Michael J Fisch, David L Graham, Matthew S Katz, Jennifer Kesselheim, Merry Jennifer Markham, Nathan A Pennell, Mina S Sedrak, Michael A Thompson, Audun Utengen, Don S Dizon
Twitter use by physicians, including those in the hematology-oncology field, is increasing. This microblogging platform provides a means to communicate and collaborate on a global scale. For the oncology professional, an active Twitter presence provides opportunities for continuing medical education, patient engagement and education, personal branding, and reputation management. However, because Twitter is an open, public forum, potential risks such as patient privacy violations, personal information disclosures, professionalism lapses, and time management need to be considered and managed...
October 2017: Seminars in Hematology
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