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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218972/views-of-oral-antibiotics-and-advice-seeking-about-acne-a-qualitative-study-of-online-discussion-forums
#1
M Santer, D Chandler, M Lown, N A Francis, I Muller
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is common and can significantly impair quality of life, yet little is known about patients' understanding of acne and its treatments. Oral antibiotics are widely used for acne, despite concerns about antibiotic resistance. People are increasingly turning to online discussion forums for advice and information on these sites may influence health beliefs and treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: To explore understandings about the use of oral antibiotics for acne and advice shared amongst messages posted on online forums...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215388/impact-of-weight-of-the-nation-community-screenings-on-obesity-related-beliefs
#2
Courtney T Luecking, Seth M Noar, Rachel M Dooley, Ziya Gizlice, Alice S Ammerman
INTRODUCTION: HBO's Weight of the Nation was a collaborative effort among several national organizations to raise awareness about the complexity of the obesity epidemic and promote action through media and community forums. The primary aim of this study was to assess the short-term effects of Weight of the Nation community screenings on obesity-related beliefs, intentions, and policy support. METHODS: Five Prevention Research Centers across the U.S. administered surveys at nine Weight of the Nation community screenings between September 2012 and May 2013...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213153/critical-thinking-instruction-and-technology-enhanced-learning-from-the-student-perspective-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#3
Ruth Swart
Critical thinking is acclaimed as a valuable asset for graduates from higher education programs. Technology has advanced in quantity and quality; recognized as a requirement of 21st century learners. A mixed methods research study was undertaken, examining undergraduate nursing student engagement with critical thinking instruction, platformed on two technology-enhanced learning environments: a classroom response system face-to-face in-class and an online discussion forum out-of-class. The Community of Inquiry framed the study capturing constructivist collaborative inquiry to support learning, and facilitate critical thinking capability...
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198637/video-gaming-and-gaming-addiction-in-transgender-people-an-exploratory-study
#4
Jon Arcelus, Walter Pierre Bouman, Bethany Alice Jones, Christina Richards, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Mark D Griffiths
Background There is anecdotal clinical evidence that transgender people use the online world - such as forums and online video gaming - for the purpose of experiencing their gender identity in a safe, non-threatening, non-alienating, non-stigmatizing, and non-critical environment. Aims To describe gaming behavior, degree of problematic gaming behavior and associated factors with problematic gaming in a comparatively large group of transgender people accessing transgender health services. Methods Every individual referred to a national transgender health service in the United Kingdom during a 12-month period was invited to complete a series of questionnaires to measure gaming behavior, interpersonal functioning, severity of autistic features, and anxiety and depressive symptoms...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193377/another-time-another-space-the-evolution-of-the-virtual-journal-club
#5
REVIEW
Alison L Chetlen, Carol M Dell, Agnieszka O Solberg, Hansel J Otero, Kirsteen R Burton, Matthew T Heller, Nikita Lakomkin, Stephane L Desouches, Stacy E Smith
Virtual journal clubs (VJCs) provide a standardized, easily accessible forum for evidence-based discussion. The new virtual reality setting in which journal clubs and other online education events now take place offers great advantages and new opportunities for radiologists in academic medicine and private practice. VJCs continue to evolve, largely due to many emerging technologies and platforms. VJCs will continue to play an increasingly important role in medical education, interdisciplinary interaction, and multi-institutional collaboration...
March 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192728/core-competency-requirements-among-extension-workers-in-peninsular-malaysia-use-of-borich-s-needs-assessment-model
#6
Sulaiman Umar, Norsida Man, Nolila Mohd Nawi, Ismail Abd Latif, Bahaman Abu Samah
The study described the perceived importance of, and proficiency in core agricultural extension competencies among extension workers in Peninsular Malaysia; and evaluating the resultant deficits in the competencies. The Borich's Needs Assessment Model was used to achieve the objectives of the study. A sample of 298 respondents was randomly selected and interviewed using a pre-tested structured questionnaire. Thirty-three core competency items were assessed. Instrument validity and reliability were ensured. The cross-sectional data obtained was analysed using SPSS for descriptive statistics including mean weighted discrepancy score (MWDS)...
February 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192049/establishing-a-hospital-response-network-among-children-s-hospitals
#7
Michael T Bartenfeld, Stephanie E Griese, Steven E Krug, Joanne Andreadis, Georgina Peacock
A timely and effective response to public health threats requires a broad-reaching infrastructure. Children's hospitals are focused on evaluating and managing some of the most vulnerable patients and thus have unique preparedness and response planning needs. A virtual forum was established specifically for children's hospitals during the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak, and it demonstrated the importance and utility of connecting these specialty hospitals to discuss their shared concerns. Developing a successful children's hospital response network could build the national infrastructure for addressing children's needs in preparedness and response and for enhancing preparedness and response to high-consequence pathogens...
January 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187695/learning-about-the-lived-experiences-of-women-with-autism-from-an-online-community
#8
Jolynn L Haney, Jennifer A Cullen
The experience of being an adult female with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been understudied in social work literature. The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of females with ASD, from their perspective, by examining content from an online autism community Web site. Using a phenomenological approach, data analysis on content obtained from the forum revealed several themes about the women's experiences concerning the diagnostic process, managing and understanding symptoms, and the impact of ASD on their personal and work relationships...
January 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187096/a-call-for-new-communication-channels-for-gynecological-oncology-trainees-a-survey-on-social-media-use-and-educational-needs-by-the-european-network-of-young-gynecological-oncologists
#9
Kamil Zalewski, Kristina Lindemann, Michael J Halaska, Ignacio Zapardiel, Rene Laky, Elisabeth Chereau, David Lindquist, Stephan Polterauer, Vladislav Sukhin, Polat Dursun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess patterns in the use of social media (SM) platforms and to identify the training needs among European gynecologic oncology trainees. METHODS: In 2014, a web-based survey was sent to 633 trainees from the European Network of Young Gynaecological Oncologists (ENYGO) database. The 14-item questionnaire (partially using a 1- to 5-point Likert scale) assessed respondents' use of SM and preference for workshop content and organization...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179187/scaffolding-function-of-pi3kgamma-emerges-from-enzyme-s-shadow
#10
REVIEW
Maradumane L Mohan, Sathyamangla V Naga Prasad
Traditionally, an enzyme is a protein that mediates biochemical action by binding to the substrate and by catalyzing the reaction that translates external cues into biological responses. Sequential dissemination of information from one enzyme to another facilitates signal transduction in biological systems providing for feed-forward and feed-back mechanisms. Given this viewpoint, an enzyme without its catalytic activity is generally considered to be an inert organizational protein without catalytic function and has classically been termed as pseudo-enzymes...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167340/knowledge-and-power-in-policy-making-for-child-survival-in-niger
#11
Sarah L Dalglish, Daniela C Rodríguez, Abdoutan Harouna, Pamela J Surkan
Calls to enhance the use of scientific evidence in international health and development policy have increased in recent years; however, analytic frameworks for understanding evidence use focus narrowly on scientific research and were created using data and observations nearly exclusively from Western countries. We examine processes of health policy development in a case study of Niger, a low-income West African country that adopted integrated community case management of childhood illness (iCCM) beginning in 2007, resulting in measurable declines in child mortality...
January 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161513/the-burden-of-proof-the-current-state-of-atrial-fibrillation-prevention-and-treatment-trials
#12
Rosita Zakeri, David R Van Wagoner, Hugh Calkins, Tom Wong, Heather M Ross, E Kevin Heist, Timothy E Meyer, Peter R Kowey, Robert J Mentz, John G Cleland, Bertram Pitt, Faiez Zannad, Cecilia Linde
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an age-related arrhythmia of enormous socio-economic significance. In recent years, our understanding of the basic mechanisms that initiate and perpetuate AF has evolved rapidly, catheter ablation of AF has progressed from concept to reality, and recent studies suggest lifestyle modification may help prevent AF recurrence. Emerging developments in genetics, imaging, and informatics also present new opportunities for personalised care. However considerable challenges remain. These include a paucity of studies examining AF prevention, modest efficacy of existing antiarrhythmic therapies, diverse ablation technologies and practice, and limited evidence to guide management in high-risk patients with multiple comorbidities...
February 1, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160811/6th-national-occupational-injury-research-symposium-advancing-occupational-injury-research-through-integration-and-partnership
#13
EDITORIAL
Dawn N Castillo, Christine R Schuler, Cammie Chaumont Menéndez
INTRODUCTION: The National Occupational Injury Research Symposium (NOIRS) is the only regularly held forum exclusively dedicated to occupational injury research and prevention. METHOD: The 2015 conference theme, advancing occupational injury research through integration and partnership, shaped the conference and is reflected in articles selected for this special issue. RESULTS' CONCLUSION: The 6th NOIRS, held May 19-21, 2015, brought together more than 250 researchers, occupational safety practitioners and students to share and discuss occupational injury research...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160758/a-model-for-integrative-transformation-a-back-pain-group-appointment-program
#14
Keith S Rayburn
A back pain treatment program was developed for the outpatient, primary care clinic setting. In this pilot study, measured functional status scores improved in a cohort of patients enrolled in the program. The program consists of a series of 5 monthly group appointments and follows a sequential curriculum involving multiple therapeutic modalities. These modalities include exercise, social interaction, motivation/raison d'être, holistic coaching, music, and behavioral modelling. The program provides a forum for the discussion and implementation of complementary and alternative approaches, alongside mainstream approaches, and represents a model of integrative medical practice...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156514/multidisciplinary-tumor-board-for-improvement-of-oncology-collaboration-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#15
Amish Doshi, Cardinale B Smith, Bethann Scarborough, Stelian Serban, Jeffrey Ciccone, Kavita Vyas Dharmarajan
: 175 Background: The Palliative and Supportive Oncology Tumor Board was developed in 2015 to provide an interdisciplinary forum for discussion and management of patients with complex or refractory symptoms from advanced cancer. The board meets monthly and consists of medical, surgical, and radiation oncologists, interventional radiologists, pain management, palliative care specialists, residents, and fellows. Here, we assess the impact of the tumor board on the care of these patients...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#16
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148472/using-social-listening-data-to-monitor-misuse-and-nonmedical-use-of-bupropion-a-content-analysis
#17
Laurie S Anderson, Heidi G Bell, Michael Gilbert, Julie E Davidson, Christina Winter, Monica J Barratt, Beta Win, Jeffery L Painter, Christopher Menone, Jonathan Sayegh, Nabarun Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: The nonmedical use of pharmaceutical products has become a significant public health concern. Traditionally, the evaluation of nonmedical use has focused on controlled substances with addiction risk. Currently, there is no effective means of evaluating the nonmedical use of noncontrolled antidepressants. OBJECTIVE: Social listening, in the context of public health sometimes called infodemiology or infoveillance, is the process of identifying and assessing what is being said about a company, product, brand, or individual, within forms of electronic interactive media...
1, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118031/qualitative-analysis-of-interactions-on-an-online-discussion-forum-for-young-people-with-experience-of-romantic-relationship-breakup
#18
Aidan McKiernan, Patrick Ryan, Eimear McMahon, Ellen Butler
The aim of the current study was to use qualitative analysis to examine the ways in which young people with experience of romantic relationship breakup interact with each other on an Internet-mediated discussion forum and to ascertain the function of the interactions. Participants were 31 registered forum users and 10 forum moderators. Findings were based on content analysis of 238 messages posted across 28 distinct discussion threads over 12 consecutive months. Nine different types of interaction were identified...
February 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116114/introducing-ehealth-strategies-to-enhance-maternal-and-perinatal-health-care-in-rural-tanzania
#19
Angelo Nyamtema, Nguke Mwakatundu, Sunday Dominico, Mkambu Kasanga, Fadhili Jamadini, Kelvin Maokola, Donald Mawala, Zabron Abel, Richard Rumanyika, Calist Nzabuhakwa, Jos van Roosmalen
BACKGROUND: Globally, eHealth has attracted considerable attention as a means of supporting maternal and perinatal health care. This article describes best practices, gains and challenges of implementing eHealth for maternal and perinatal health care in extremely remote and rural Tanzania. METHODS: Teleconsultation for obstetric emergency care, audio teleconferences and online eLearning systems were installed in ten upgraded rural health centres, four rural district hospitals and one regional hospital in Tanzania...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099563/brazilian-guidelines-for-endovascular-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#20
Octávio Marques Pontes-Neto, Pedro Cougo, Sheila Cristina Ouriques Martins, Daniel G Abud, Raul G Nogueira, Maramélia Miranda, Luiz Henrique de Castro-Afonso, Leticia C Rebello, José Guilherme M Pereira Caldas, Rodrigo Bazan, Daniel C Bezerra, Marco Tulio Rezende, Gabriel R de Freitas, Alexandre Longo, Pedro Magalhães, João José Freitas de Carvalho, Francisco José Montalverne, Fabricio Oliveira Lima, Gustavo H V Andrade, Ayrton R Massaro, Jamary Oliveira-Filho, Rubens Gagliardi, Gisele Sampaio Silva
These guidelines are the result of a joint effort from writing groups of the Brazilian Stroke Society, the Scientific Department of Cerebrovascular Diseases of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology, the Brazilian Stroke Network and the Brazilian Society of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Neuroradiology. Members from these groups participated in web-based discussion forums with predefined themes, followed by videoconference meetings in which controversies and position statements were discussed, leading to a consensus...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
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