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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642212/filtering-entities-to-optimize-identification-of-adverse-drug-reaction-from-social-media-how-can-the-number-of-words-between-entities-in-the-messages-help
#1
Redhouane Abdellaoui, Stéphane Schück, Nathalie Texier, Anita Burgun
BACKGROUND: With the increasing popularity of Web 2.0 applications, social media has made it possible for individuals to post messages on adverse drug reactions. In such online conversations, patients discuss their symptoms, medical history, and diseases. These disorders may correspond to adverse drug reactions (ADRs) or any other medical condition. Therefore, methods must be developed to distinguish between false positives and true ADR declarations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate a method for filtering out disorder terms that did not correspond to adverse events by using the distance (as number of words) between the drug term and the disorder or symptom term in the post...
June 22, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637814/effective-assessments-of-electroencephalography-during-stroke-recovery-contemporary-approaches-and-considerations
#2
Kartik K Iyer
Stroke is one of the leading causes of permanent disability worldwide, relying conventionally on extended periods of physiotherapy to recover functional ability. While neuroimaging techniques and emerging neurorehabilitation paradigms have advanced our understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms underlying stroke, recent evidence has renewed focus on quantifying cortical features of electroencephalography to greatly enhance our understanding of stroke recovery. This Neuro Forum article reviews these key advances and discusses the importance of quantifying electroencephalography in future assessments of stroke survivors...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636540/implementation-and-utilization-of-the-molecular-tumor-board-to-guide-precision-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Shuko Harada, Rebecca Arend, Qian Dai, Jessica A Levesque, Thomas S Winokur, Rongjun Guo, Martin J Heslin, Lisle Nabell, L Burt Nabors, Nita A Limdi, Kevin A Roth, Edward E Partridge, Gene P Siegal, Eddy S Yang
BACKGROUND: With rapid advances in genomic medicine, the complexity of delivering precision medicine to oncology patients across a university health system demanded the creation of a Molecular Tumor Board (MTB) for patient selection and assessment of treatment options. The objective of this report is to analyze our progress to date and discuss the importance of the MTB in the implementation of personalized medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were reviewed in the MTB for appropriateness for comprehensive next generation sequencing (NGS) cancer gene set testing based on set criteria that were in place...
June 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631397/the-effects-and-toxicity-of-cathinones-from-the-users-perspectives-a-qualitative-study
#4
Sulaf Assi, Nargilya Gulyamova, Paul Kneller, David Osselton
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the users' perspectives regarding the effects and toxicity of cathinones. METHODS: A systematic search of Internet discussion forums yielded 303 threads relevant to the research objectives. The threads were analysed by conventional content analysis where concepts were developed from codes and themes. RESULTS: The study identified 3 main themes in relation to cathinone use, effects, and toxicity...
June 20, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631028/-developing-a%C3%A2-framework-for-a%C3%A2-public-health-monitoring-of-the-population-aged-65%C3%A2-years-and-older-results-of-the-imoa-workshop-on-concepts-and-indicators
#5
Maike Grube, Judith Fuchs, Gabriele Meyer, Nils Lahmann, Susanne Zank, Beate Gaertner, Matthias Wetzstein, Carmen Koschollek, Christa Scheidt-Nave
Main goal of the Improving Health Monitoring in Older Age (IMOA) project is to provide a framework for an indicator-based public health monitoring of the population aged 65 years and older. The workshop served as a forum to discuss and agree upon relevant concepts with gerontologists, nursing care and public health scientists.
June 19, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626489/conference-report-on-the-indo-global-summit-on-head-and-neck-oncology-igshno-2017-bmcon-iv-24-26-february-2017-jaipur-india
#6
Tej Prakash Soni, Anil K Gupta, Lalit M Sharma, Pawan Singhal, Dinesh Yadav, Umesh Bansal
'The multidisciplinary approach: expanding treatment horizons for head and neck cancer' was the major theme of the Indo Global Summit on Head and Neck Oncology (IGSHNO 2017-BMCON-IV). The meeting, held in Jaipur (Rajasthan, India) from 24 to 26 February 2017, assembled 600 participants from India and worldwide. It was organised by the Bhagwan Mahaveer Cancer Hospital and Research Centre (BMCHRC), Jaipur. BMCHRC Jaipur is one of the largest superspeciality oncology research and treatment centres in north India...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617205/establishing-a-research-agenda-for-understanding-the-role-and-impact-of-mental-health-peer-specialists
#7
Matthew Chinman, D Keith McInnes, Susan Eisen, Marsha Ellison, Marianne Farkas, Moe Armstrong, Sandra G Resnick
Mental health peer specialists are individuals with serious mental illnesses who receive training to use their lived experiences to help others with serious mental illnesses in clinical settings. This Open Forum discusses the state of the research for mental health peer specialists and suggests a research agenda to advance the field. Studies have suggested that peer specialists vary widely in their roles, settings, and theoretical orientations. Theories of action have been proposed, but none have been tested...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610626/social-accountability-in-primary-health-care-in-west-and-central-africa-exploring-the-role-of-health-facility-committees
#8
Elsbet Lodenstein, Eric Mafuta, Adolphe C Kpatchavi, Jean Servais, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Alpha Amadou Bano Barry, Thérèse M N Mambu, Jurrien Toonen
BACKGROUND: Social accountability has been emphasised as an important strategy to increase the quality, equity, and responsiveness of health services. In many countries, health facility committees (HFCs) provide the accountability interface between health providers and citizens or users of health services. This article explores the social accountability practices facilitated by HFCs in Benin, Guinea and the Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: The paper is based on a cross-case comparison of 11 HFCs across the three countries...
June 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598210/ehealth-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-self-management-the-patient-perspective
#9
Danny Con, Belinda Jackson, Kathleen Gray, Peter De Cruz
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) solutions may help address the growing pressure on IBD outpatient services as they encompass a component of self-management. However, information regarding patients' attitudes towards the use of eHealth solutions in IBD is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate eHealth technology use and explore the perspectives of IBD patients on what constitutes the ideal eHealth solution to facilitate self-management...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592203/the-use-of-an-online-support-group-for-neuromuscular-disorders-a-thematic-analysis-of-message-postings
#10
Oonagh Meade, Heather Buchanan, Neil Coulson
PURPOSE: People affected by neuromuscular disorders can experience adverse psychosocial consequences and difficulties accessing information and support. Online support groups provide new opportunities for peer support. The aim of this study was to understand how contributors used the message board function of a newly available neuromuscular disorders online support group. METHODS: Message postings (n = 1951) from the first five months of the message board of a newly formed online support group for neuromuscular disorders hosted by a charitable organization were analyzed using inductive thematic analysis...
June 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590880/development-and-validation-of-a-measure-assessing-child-diabetes-behavior-the-diabetes-behavior-checklist
#11
Aditi Lohan, Alina Morawska, Amy E Mitchell
Previous research in pediatric diabetes management has focused on general child behavior, which is linked with treatment adherence and health outcomes in children with type 1 diabetes. Little is known about child diabetes behavior problems specifically. The current study aimed to develop and validate a measure of diabetes-specific child behavior problems, and parents' confidence in managing these behaviors. Participants were a community sample of 186 parents of children aged 2-10 years with type 1 diabetes, recruited via online parenting forums and advertisements placed in school and childcare newsletters throughout Australia...
June 7, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590823/understanding-death-suicide-and-self-injury-among-adherents-of-the-emo-youth-subculture-a-qualitative-study
#12
Radek Trnka, Martin Kuška, Karel Balcar, Peter Tavel
EMO youth subculture bases its subcultural identification mostly on symbols of death, dying, suicide and other kinds of morbid content. The main goal of the present study was to explore attitudes towards suicidal behavior and self-injury in EMO adolescents. Semi-structured in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 14 EMO adherents, accompanied by the analysis of EMO web discussion forums. Participants reported attitudes including high acceptance for suicidal behavior and self-injury. The identification with the EMO youth subculture is considered to be a factor strengthening vulnerability towards risky behaviors...
June 7, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585191/why-topical-retinoids-are-mainstay-of-therapy-for-acne
#13
REVIEW
James Leyden, Linda Stein-Gold, Jonathan Weiss
Acne-focused dermatology expert groups have consistently recommended that most patients with acne be treated with a combination of topical retinoid and antimicrobial therapy. This is based on clinical data as well as evidence that these drug classes have different and complementary mechanisms of action that target multiple aspects of acne's complex pathophysiology. Recent evidence-based guidelines for acne, including those from the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) and the European Dermatology Forum (EDF), have agreed that retinoids have an essential role in this widespread disease...
June 5, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584368/pathophysiology-of-autoimmune-bullous-diseases-nature-versus-nurture
#14
Forum Patel, Reason Wilken, Falin B Patel, Hawa Sultani, Itzel Bustos, Christopher Duong, John J Zone, Siba P Raychaudhuri, Emanual Maverakis
Pemphigus and pemphigoid are the prototypical immunobullous diseases. Although it has been well established that they are caused by deposition of autoreactive antibodies directed against adherence proteins within the skin, the specific genetic and environmental factors leading to development of these diseases continue to be an area of investigation. Herein, we discuss several of the potential environmental triggers that may induce patients to develop immunobullous diseases including medications, viral infections, UV exposure or other radiation injury and dietary factors...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581890/strategies-parents-use-to-give-children-oral-medicine-a-qualitative-study-of-online-discussion-forums
#15
Elin Høien Bergene, Torstein Baade Rø, Aslak Steinsbekk
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe strategies parents use to give oral medicine to children. METHODS: We conducted an Internet-based qualitative study of posts from online forums where parents discussed how to give children oral medicine. The posts were analyzed using systematic text condensation. The investigators coded and developed groups iteratively, ending up with a consensus on final themes. RESULTS: We included 4581 posts. Parents utilized three main strategies to give oral medicine to children: (1) Open administration give medicine to the child knowingly by changing the palatability, actively involve the child in play or use persuasion; (2) Hidden administration give medicine to the child unknowingly by camouflaging it in food, while sleeping or distracted by another activity; (3) Forced administration force children to take medicine with the use of restraint...
June 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581261/statistical-data-editing-in-scientific-articles
#16
REVIEW
Farrokh Habibzadeh
Scientific journals are important scholarly forums for sharing research findings. Editors have important roles in safeguarding standards of scientific publication and should be familiar with correct presentation of results, among other core competencies. Editors do not have access to the raw data and should thus rely on clues in the submitted manuscripts. To identify probable errors, they should look for inconsistencies in presented results. Common statistical problems that can be picked up by a knowledgeable manuscript editor are discussed in this article...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578855/experiments-in-evaluation-capacity-building-enhancing-brain-disorders-research-impact-in-ontario
#17
Kirk Nylen, Sanjeev Sridharan
This paper is the introductory paper on a forum on evaluation capacity building for enhancing impacts of research on brain disorders. It describes challenges and opportunities of building evaluation capacity among community-based organizations in Ontario involved in enhancing brain health and supporting people living with a brain disorder. Using an example of a capacity building program called the "Evaluation Support Program", which is run by the Ontario Brain Institute, this forum discusses multiple themes including evaluation capacity building, evaluation culture and evaluation methodologies appropriate for evaluating complex community interventions...
May 8, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578735/developments-in-value-frameworks-to-inform-the-allocation-of-healthcare-resources
#18
Wija Oortwijn, Laura Sampietro-Colom, Fay Habens
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a surge in the development of frameworks to assess the value of different types of health technologies to inform healthcare resource allocation. The reasons for, and the potential of, these value frameworks were discussed during the 2017 Health Technology Assessment International (HTAi) Policy Forum Meeting. METHODS: This study reflects the discussion, drawing on presentations from invited experts and Policy Forum members, as well as a background paper...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571665/decision-making-for-diagnosis-and-management-a-consensus-comes-to-life
#19
REVIEW
Rebecca C Hoesli, Andrew G Shuman, Carol R Bradford
The diagnosis and treatment of head and neck cancer is extremely complex. As a result, multiple medical providers are involved in a patient's care, and the multidisciplinary tumor boards provide a forum whereby they can share and discuss the intricacies of each individual patient's case. When recommendations are presented to the patient and decisions are to be finalized, the patient should benefit from the collective wisdom of a team of providers to achieve and implement a patient-centric and clinically sound consensus...
May 29, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570475/how-to-write-a-journal-article-for-psn
#20
Tracey Hotta
Are you considering writing a journal article for Plastic Surgical Nursing? This official journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgical Nurses presents the latest advances in plastic and reconstructive surgical nursing practice. The journal features clinical articles covering a wide variety of surgical and nonsurgical procedures. Patient education techniques and research findings are also included, as well as articles discussing the ethical issues and trends in this expanding clinical nursing specialty...
April 2017: Plastic Surgical Nursing
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