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phage therapy

Martina Rossitto, Ersilia V Fiscarelli, Paola Rosati
Although early aggressive and prolonged treatment with specific antibiotics can extend survival in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) colonized by opportunistic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), antibiotics fail to eradicate the infecting multidrug-resistant (MDR) PA strains in CF. Century-long research has suggested treating patients with bacteriophages (phages, prokaryotic viruses) naturally hosted by bacteria. Although the only phage types used in therapy, lytic phages, lyse PA aggregated in biofilm matrix by depolymerase degrading enzymes, how they can effectively, safely, and persistently do so in patients with CF is unclear...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
N Hoyle, P Zhvaniya, N Balarjishvili, D Bolkvadze, L Nadareishvili, D Nizharadze, J Wittmann, C Rohde, M Kutateladze
Respiratory infections can lead to serious complications in CF patients, especially when infected with antibiotic resistant bacteria. Alternative treatments for these infections are being sought out to help address this problem. We present a clinical case of a cystic fibrosis (CF) patient, with multi-drug resistant (MDR) Achromobacter xylosoxidans chronic lung infection who was successfully managed with bacteriophage therapy.
May 16, 2018: Research in Microbiology
Daniel Gelman, Shaul Beyth, Vanda Lerrer, Karen Adler, Ronit Poradosu-Cohen, Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer, Ronen Hazan
Clinical applications of bacteriophage therapy have been recently gathering significant attention worldwide, used mostly as rescue therapy in cases of near-fatal antibiotic failure. Thus, clinically relevant in-vivo models presenting both short- and long-term implications of phage therapy given as rescue treatment for fulminant infections are of highest importance. In this study, a cocktail consisting of two lytic bacteriophages was used to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of phage therapy as a rescue treatment for severe septic peritonitis in a mouse model...
May 16, 2018: Research in Microbiology
Muhammad Imran Qadir, Zunera Chauhdary
The evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria has increased research in the development of alternative therapies to conventional drugs. In this study, isolated phages were characterized and antibacterial activity was determined by standard agar disc diffusion method. The phages showed maximum propagation at 37°C to 40°C and highest viability at pH 7. Sugars influenced the bacteriophage viability. Sodium chloride decreased the phage propagation. Calcium chloride and magnesium chloride increased the phage propagation up to a certain limit...
2018: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
Nanna Rørbo, Anita Rønneseth, Panos G Kalatzis, Bastian Barker Rasmussen, Kirsten Engell-Sørensen, Hans Petter Kleppen, Heidrun Inger Wergeland, Lone Gram, Mathias Middelboe
The aquaculture industry is suffering from losses associated with bacterial infections by opportunistic pathogens. Vibrio anguillarum is one of the most important pathogens, causing vibriosis in fish and shellfish cultures leading to high mortalities and economic losses. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics and inefficient vaccination at the larval stage of fish emphasizes the need for novel approaches, and phage therapy for controlling Vibrio pathogens has gained interest in the past few years. In this study, we examined the potential of the broad-host-range phage KVP40 to control four different V...
May 16, 2018: Antibiotics
Babak Bakhshinejad, Habib Nasiri
Tumor-targeted therapies are playing growing roles in cancer research. The exploitation of these powerful therapeutic modalities largely depends on the discovery of tumor-targeting ligands. Phage display has proven a promising high throughput screening tool for the identification of novel specific peptides with high binding affinity to cancer cells. In the present study, we describe the use of phage display to isolate peptide ligands binding specifically to human lung cancer cells. Towards this goal, we screened a phage display library of 7-mer random peptides in-vitro on non-small cell lung carcinoma (A549) as the target cell...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Andrzej Górski, Ewa Jończyk-Matysiak, Ryszard Międzybrodzki, Beata Weber-Dąbrowska, Jan Borysowski
Graft-versus-host disease, both acute and chronic (aGvHD, cGvHD) remains a major complication in patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and a significant therapeutic challenge, as many patients do not respond adequately to presently available therapy. Increasing antimicrobial resistance has greatly revived interest in using bacterial viruses (phages) to combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In recent years, evidence has accumulated indicating that phages also have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Qiang Lv, Chaoliang He, Fenli Quan, Shuangjiang Yu, Xuesi Chen
Melanoma has been a serious threat to the human health; however, effective therapeutic methods of this cancer are still limited. Combined local therapy is a crucial approach for achieving a superior anti-tumor efficacy. In this paper, a chemo-immunotherapy system of DOX, IL-2 and IFN-γ based on poly(γ-ethyl-L-glutamate)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(γ-ethyl-L-glutamate) (PELG-PEG-PELG) hydrogel was developed for local treatment of melanoma xenograft. The drug release process of this system exhibited a short term of burst release (the first 3 days), followed by a long-term sustained release (the following 26 days)...
March 2018: Bioactive Materials
Qian Zhou, Chaoqun You, Cong Zheng, Yawen Gu, Hongchao Gu, Rui Zhang, Hongshuai Wu, Baiwang Sun
DNA is considered to be one of the most promising targets for anticancer agents. Acridine analogues have anticancer activity based on DNA binding and topoisomerases inhibition. However, due to the side effects, resistance and low bioavailability, a few have entered into clinical usage and the mechanisms of action are not fully understood. Novel acridine derivatives are needed for effective cancer therapy. A series of novel 3-nitroacridine-based derivatives were synthesized, their DNA binding and anticancer activities were evaluated...
May 5, 2018: Life Sciences
Kurt Ballmer-Hofer, Caroline A C Hyde, Thomas Schleier, Dragana Avramovic
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) is the main mediator of angiogenic signaling in endothelial cells and a primary responder to VEGF. VEGF dependent VEGFR-2 activation regulates endothelial cell migration and proliferation, as well as vessel permeability. VEGF is presented as an antiparallel homodimer, and its binding to VEGFR-2 brings two receptors in close proximity. Downstream signaling is triggered by receptor dimerization, kinase activation, and receptor internalization. Our aim was to further investigate allosteric inhibition using binders targeting extracellular subdomains 4⁻7 of VEGFR-2 as an alternative to existing anti-angiogenic therapies, which rely on neutralizing VEGF or blocking of the ligand-binding site on the receptor...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jude Ajuebor, Colin Buttimer, Sara Arroyo-Moreno, Nina Chanishvili, Emma M Gabriel, Jim O'Mahony, Olivia McAuliffe, Horst Neve, Charles Franz, Aidan Coffey
The increase in antibiotic resistance in pathogenic bacteria is a public health danger requiring alternative treatment options, and this has led to renewed interest in phage therapy. In this respect, we describe the distinct host ranges of Staphylococcus phage K, and two other K-like phages against 23 isolates, including 21 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) representative sequence types representing the Irish National MRSA Reference Laboratory collection. The two K-like phages were isolated from the Fersisi therapeutic phage mix from the Tbilisi Eliava Institute, and were designated B1 (vB_SauM_B1) and JA1 (vB_SauM_JA1)...
April 25, 2018: Antibiotics
Antonet Svircev, Dwayne Roach, Alan Castle
The ability of agriculture to continually provide food to a growing world population is of crucial importance. Bacterial diseases of plants and animals have continually reduced production since the advent of crop cultivation and animal husbandry practices. Antibiotics have been used extensively to mitigate these losses. The rise of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria, however, together with consumers’ calls for antibiotic-free products, presents problems that threaten sustainable agriculture. Bacteriophages (phages) are proposed as bacterial population control alternatives to antibiotics...
April 25, 2018: Viruses
Deniz Sahin, Sevket Onur Taflan, Gizem Yartas, Hassan Ashktorab, Duane T Smoot
Background: Gastric cancer is the second most common cancer among the malign cancer types. Inefficiency of traditional techniques both in diagnosis and therapy of the disease makes the development of alternative and novel techniques indispensable. As an alternative to traditional methods, tumor specific targeting small peptides can be used to increase the efficiency of the treatment and reduce the side effects related to traditional techniques. The aim of this study is screening and identification of individual peptides specifically targeted to human gastric cancer cells using a phage-displayed peptide library and designing specific peptide sequences by using experimentally-eluted peptide sequences...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Z C Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Samuel Campbell, Keittisak Suwan, Sajee Waramit, Eric Ofori Aboagye, Amin Hajitou
The previously developed adeno-associated virus/phage (AAVP) vector, a hybrid between M13 bacteriophage (phage) viruses that infect bacteria only and human Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV), is a promising tool in targeted gene therapy against cancer. AAVP can be administered systemically and made tissue specific through the use of ligand-directed targeting. Cancer cells and tumor-associated blood vessels overexpress the αν integrin receptors, which are involved in tumor angiogenesis and tumor invasion...
April 21, 2018: Cancers
Stephanie LaVergne, Theron Hamilton, Biswajit Biswas, M Kumaraswamy, R T Schooley, Darcy Wooten
In the era of antibiotic resistance, alternative treatment options for multidrug-resistant bacterial infections are being explored. We present a case of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection treated with bacteriophages. Clinical trials are needed to further investigate bacteriophage therapy as an option to treat multidrug-resistant bacterial infections.
April 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Oleg Krut, Isabelle Bekeredjian-Ding
Therapeutic phages are being employed for vaccination and treatment of cancer and bacterial infections. Their natural immunogenicity triggers intertwined interactions with innate and adaptive immune cells that might influence therapy. Phage- and bactierial-derived pathogen-associated molecular patterns released after bacterial lysis have been proposed to stimulate local innate immune responses, which could promote antitumor immunity or bacterial clearance. Conversely, immunogenicity of phages induces phage-specific humoral memory, which can hamper therapeutic success...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Ching-Hsiang Fan, Ya-Hsuan Lee, Yi-Ju Ho, Chung-Hsin Wang, Shih-Tsung Kang, Chih-Kuang Yeh
The major challenges in treating malignant tumors are transport of therapeutic agents to hypoxic regions and real-time assessment of successful drug release via medical imaging modalities. In this study, we propose the use of macrophages (RAW 264.7 cells) as carriers of drug-loaded phase-change droplets to penetrate ischemic or hypoxic regions within tumors. The droplets consist of perfluoropentane, lipid and the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX, DOX-droplets). The efficiency of DOX-droplet uptake, migration mobility and viability of DOX-droplet-loaded macrophages (DLMs) were measured using a transmembrane cell migration assay, the alamarBlue assay and flow cytometric analysis, respectively...
April 20, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Vinícius da Silva Duarte, Roberto Sousa Dias, Andrew M Kropinski, André da Silva Xavier, Camila Geovana Ferro, Pedro M P Vidigal, Cynthia Canedo da Silva, Sérgio Oliveira de Paula
Trueperella pyogenes is an opportunistic pathogen of many animal species. It causes economic losses worldwide, through mastitis, metritis and mainly endometritis in dairy cows. The ability of this bacterium to form biofilms is implicated in chronic infections through hampering immune system recognition and antibiotic penetration. Since it is difficult to eradicate T. pyogenes infections with antibiotics, phage therapy presents itself as a non-toxic, effective and economically viable alternative. The present study evaluated the use of the bacteriophage vB_EcoM-UFV13 (UFV13) in the prevention of T...
May 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Eric L Smith, Mette Staehr, Reed Masakayan, Ishan J Tatake, Terence J Purdon, Xiuyan Wang, Pei Wang, Hong Liu, Yiyang Xu, Sarah C Garrett-Thomson, Steven C Almo, Isabelle Riviere, Cheng Liu, Renier J Brentjens
B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has recently been identified as an important multiple myeloma (MM)-specific target for chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy. In CAR T cell therapy targeting CD19 for lymphoma, host immune anti-murine CAR responses limited the efficacy of repeat dosing and possibly long-term persistence. This clinically relevant concern can be addressed by generating a CAR incorporating a human single-chain variable fragment (scFv). We screened a human B cell-derived scFv phage display library and identified a panel of BCMA-specific clones from which human CARs were engineered...
March 28, 2018: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
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