keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

phage therapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150707/a-guard-killer-phage-cocktail-effectively-lyses-the-host-and-inhibits-the-development-of-phage-resistant-strains-of-escherichia-coli
#1
Ling Yu, Shuang Wang, Zhimin Guo, Hongtao Liu, Diangang Sun, Guangmou Yan, Dongliang Hu, Chongtao Du, Xin Feng, Wenyu Han, Jingmin Gu, Changjiang Sun, Liancheng Lei
In recent years, after the emergence of a large number of multidrug-resistant bacteria, phages and phage-associated products for the prevention and control of bacterial disease have revealed prominent advantages as compared with antibiotics. However, bacteria are susceptible to becoming phage-resistant, thus severely limiting the application of phage therapy. In this study, Escherichia coli cells were incubated with lytic bacteriophages to obtain mutants that were resistant to the lytic phages. Then, bacteriophages against the phage-resistant variants were isolated and subsequently mixed with the original lytic phage to prepare a novel phage cocktail for bactericidal use...
November 17, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147662/effectiveness-of-a-lytic-phage-srg1-against-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis-in-compost-and-soil
#2
Sidra Rahmat Ullah, Saadia Andleeb, Taskeen Raza, Muhsin Jamal, Khalid Mehmood
Nosocomial infections caused by vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus have become a major problem. Bacteriophage therapy is proposed as a potential alternative therapy. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria and are ubiquitous in nature. Lytic bacteriophage was isolated from sewage water that infects VREF, the causative agent of endocarditis, bacteraemia, and urinary tract infections (UTIs). The phage produced clear plaques with unique clear morphology and well-defined boundaries. TEM results of phage revealed it to be 108 ± 0...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146843/complete-genome-sequences-of-vibrio-cholerae-specific-bacteriophages-24-and-x29
#3
Sudhakar G Bhandare, Andrew Warry, Richard D Emes, Steven P T Hooton, Paul A Barrow, Robert J Atterbury
The complete genomes of two Vibrio cholerae bacteriophages of potential interest for cholera bacteriophage (phage) therapy were sequenced and annotated. The genome size of phage 24 is 44,395 bp encoding 71 putative proteins, and that of phage X29 is 41,569 bp encoding 68 putative proteins.
November 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141957/adherent-invasive-escherichia-coli-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
REVIEW
Carolina Palmela, Caroline Chevarin, Zhilu Xu, Joana Torres, Gwladys Sevrin, Robert Hirten, Nicolas Barnich, Siew C Ng, Jean-Frederic Colombel
Intestinal microbiome dysbiosis has been consistently described in patients with IBD. In the last decades, Escherichia coli, and the adherent-invasive E coli (AIEC) pathotype in particular, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of IBD. Since the discovery of AIEC, two decades ago, progress has been made in unravelling these bacteria characteristics and its interaction with the gut immune system. The mechanisms of adhesion of AIEC to intestinal epithelial cells (via FimH and cell adhesion molecule 6) and its ability to escape autophagy when inside macrophages are reviewed here...
November 15, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134588/encapsulation-strategies-of-bacteriophage-felix-o1-for-oral-therapeutic-application
#5
Golam S Islam, Qi Wang, Parviz M Sabour
Due to emerging antibiotic-resistant strains among the pathogens, a variety of strategies, including therapeutic application of bacteriophages, have been suggested as a possible alternative to antibiotics in food animal production. As pathogen-specific biocontrol agents, bacteriophages are being studied intensively. Primarily their applications in the food industry and animal production have been recognized in the USA and Europe, for pathogens including Salmonella, Campylobacter, Escherichia coli, and Listeria...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134587/purification-of-bacteriophages-using-anion-exchange-chromatography
#6
Dieter Vandenheuvel, Sofie Rombouts, Evelien M Adriaenssens
In bacteriophage research and therapy, most applications ask for highly purified phage suspensions. The standard technique for this is ultracentrifugation using cesium chloride gradients. This technique is cumbersome, elaborate and expensive. Moreover, it is unsuitable for the purification of large quantities of phage suspensions.The protocol described here, uses anion-exchange chromatography to bind phages to a stationary phase. This is done using an FLPC system, combined with Convective Interaction Media (CIM(®)) monoliths...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134583/basic-phage-mathematics
#7
Stephen T Abedon, Tena I Katsaounis
Basic mathematical descriptions are useful in phage ecology, applied phage ecology such as in the course of phage therapy, and also toward keeping track of expected phage-bacterial interactions as seen during laboratory manipulation of phages. The most basic mathematical descriptor of phages is their titer, that is, their concentration within stocks, experimental vessels, or other environments. Various phenomena can serve to modify phage titers, and indeed phage titers can vary as a function of how they are measured...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119445/guidelines-for-bacteriophage-product-certification
#8
Alan Fauconnier
Following decades in the wilderness, bacteriophage therapy is now appearing as a credible antimicrobial strategy. However, this reemerging therapy does not rekindle without raising sensitive regulatory concerns. Indeed, whereas the European regulatory framework has been basically implemented to tackle ready-to-use pharmaceuticals produced on a large scale, bacteriophage therapy relies on a dynamic approach requiring a regulation on personalized medicine, nonexistent at present. Because of this, no guideline are currently available for addressing the scientific and regulatory issues specifically related to phage therapy medicinal products (PTMP)...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116497/construction-of-human-immune-and-naive-scfv-libraries
#9
Jonas Kügler, Florian Tomszak, André Frenzel, Michael Hust
Antibody phage display is the most commonly used in vitro selection technology for the generation of human recombinant antibodies and has yielded thousands of useful antibodies for research, diagnostics, and therapy. The prerequisite for successful generation of antibodies using phage display is the construction of high-quality antibody gene libraries. Here, we give the detailed methods for the construction of human immune and naive scFv gene libraries.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099783/metagenomic-analysis-of-therapeutic-pyo-phage-cocktails-from-1997-to-2014
#10
Julia Villarroel, Mette Voldby Larsen, Mogens Kilstrup, Morten Nielsen
Phage therapy has regained interest in recent years due to the alarming spread of antibiotic resistance. Whilst phage cocktails are commonly sold in pharmacies in countries such as Georgia and Russia, this is not the case in western countries due to western regulatory agencies requiring a thorough characterization of the drug. Here, DNA sequencing of constituent biological entities constitutes a first step. The pyophage (PYO) cocktail is one of the main commercial products of the Georgian Eliava Institute of Bacteriophage, Microbiology and Virology and is used to cure skin infections...
November 3, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090279/selenium-nanoparticles-induce-suppressed-function-of-tumor-associated-macrophages-and-inhibit-dalton-s-lymphoma-proliferation
#11
Pramod Kumar Gautam, Sanjay Kumar, M S Tomar, Rishi Kant Singh, A Acharya, Sanjay Kumar, B Ram
Selenium Nanoparticle (SeNPs) is reported that it enhances and maintains optimal immune during infection and malignancies. To this end, we examined the role of selenium on TAMS whose anti-tumor function suppressed which favor tumor progression. BALB/c (H2d) strain of mice non-Hodgkin type of Dalton's cell line was used to check the role of carboxlic group induced, synthesized SeNPs on TAMs. Screening of IC50 value was done primarily trypen blue exclusion assay and 50% proliferation of DL cells inhibited 40 ng/ml to 50 ng/...
December 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090224/production-and-evaluation-of-specific-single-chain-antibodies-against-ctla-4-for-cancer-targeted-therapy
#12
Farideh Hosseinzadeh, Saeed Mohammadi, Foroogh Nejatollahi
BACKGROUND: Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) molecules are expressed on T-cells and inhibit their function by inhibiting activation of subsequent T-cell molecular pathways. Blocking of CTLA-4 inhibits the growth of malignant tumor cells. Anti-CTLA-4 monoclonal antibodies activate the immune system against cancer. Due to several advantages of single-chain antibodies (scFvs) compared to monoclonal antibodies in cancer immunotherapy, specific anti-CTLA-4 scFvs (single-chain variable fragment) were selected in this study...
October 2017: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089428/associations-among-antibiotic-and-phage-resistance-phenotypes-in-natural-and-clinical-escherichia-coli-isolates
#13
Richard C Allen, Katia R Pfrunder-Cardozo, Dominik Meinel, Adrian Egli, Alex R Hall
The spread of antibiotic resistance is driving interest in new approaches to control bacterial pathogens. This includes applying multiple antibiotics strategically, using bacteriophages against antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and combining both types of antibacterial agents. All these approaches rely on or are impacted by associations among resistance phenotypes (where bacteria resistant to one antibacterial agent are also relatively susceptible or resistant to others). Experiments with laboratory strains have shown strong associations between some resistance phenotypes, but we lack a quantitative understanding of associations among antibiotic and phage resistance phenotypes in natural and clinical populations...
October 31, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080882/-single-domain-adapted-antibodies-against-chlamydia-trachomatis-preserving-the-development-of-chlamidic-infection-in-vitro
#14
S V Tillib, E Y Morgunova, T I Ivanova, E A Koroleva, M V Rutovskaya, N A Zigangirova
The technology for the generating of single-domain recombinant monoclonal antibodies (nanoantibodies) based on the immunization of a camel, cloning of induced sequences encoding single-domain antigen-recognizing fragments of non-canonical camel antibodies, as well as functional selection of clones of nanoantibodies by the phage display method, was used to obtain new effective tools for more efficient diagnostics of Chlamydia infection and to develop new approaches for effective therapy. Two promising nanoantibodies were obtained...
October 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071339/phage-therapy-s-role-in-combating-antibiotic-resistant-pathogens
#15
Jeff Lyon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065846/computational-determination-of-the-effects-of-bacteriophage-bacteriophage-interactions-in-human-body
#16
Marwa Mostafa Mostafa, Mohammad Nassef, Amr Badr
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases are becoming more serious and widely spreading and this carries a heavy burden on doctors to deal with such patients. Although many of these diseases can be treated by bacteriophages, the situation is significantly dangerous in patients having concomitant more than one chronic disease, where conflicts between phages used in treating these diseases are very closer to happen. METHOD: This research paper presents a method to detecting the Bacteriophage-Bacteriophage Interaction...
October 19, 2017: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036676/anti-crisprdb-a-comprehensive-online-resource-for-anti-crispr-proteins
#17
Chuan Dong, Ge-Fei Hao, Hong-Li Hua, Shuo Liu, Abraham Alemayehu Labena, Guoshi Chai, Jian Huang, Nini Rao, Feng-Biao Guo
CRISPR-Cas is a tool that is widely used for gene editing. However, unexpected off-target effects may occur as a result of long-term nuclease activity. Anti-CRISPR proteins, which are powerful molecules that inhibit the CRISPR-Cas system, may have the potential to promote better utilization of the CRISPR-Cas system in gene editing, especially for gene therapy. Additionally, more in-depth research on these proteins would help researchers to better understand the co-evolution of bacteria and phages. Therefore, it is necessary to collect and integrate data on various types of anti-CRISPRs...
September 25, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030222/vascular-changes-in-tumors-resistant-to-a-vascular-disrupting-nanoparticle-treatment
#18
Shweta Sharma, Aman P Mann, Tarmo Mölder, Venkata Ramana Kotamraju, Robert Mattrey, Tambet Teesalu, Erkki Ruoslahti
Anti-angiogenic and vascular disrupting therapies rely on the dependence of tumors on new blood vessels to sustain tumor growth. We previously reported a potent vascular disrupting agent, a theranostic nanosystem consisting of a tumor vasculature-homing peptide (CGKRK) fused to a pro-apoptotic peptide [D(KLAKLAK)2] coated on iron oxide nanoparticles. This nanosystem showed promising therapeutic efficacy in glioblastoma (GBM) and breast cancer models. However, complete control of the tumors was not achieved, and some tumors became non-responsive to the treatment...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027819/can-phage-therapy-solve-the-problem-of-recalcitrant-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#19
Joanna Szaleniec, Andrzej Górski, Maciej Szaleniec, Ryszard Międzybrodzki, Beata Weber-Dąbrowska, Paweł Stręk, Jacek Składzień
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects 5-15% of the global population. In some patients, the infectious exacerbations of the disease are recalcitrant to medical treatment and surgery. These cases are probably associated with the presence of bacterial biofilms. Bacteriophage (phage) therapy seems to be a promising antibiofilm strategy. The efficacy of phage therapy in sinonasal infections has been demonstrated both in vitro and in animal models. In the past, phage preparations were also administered to humans with CRS with favorable outcomes and no significant side effects...
October 13, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023522/microencapsulation-of-clostridium-difficile-specific-bacteriophages-using-microfluidic-glass-capillary-devices-for-colon-delivery-using-ph-triggered-release
#20
Gurinder K Vinner, Goran T Vladisavljević, Martha R J Clokie, Danish J Malik
The prevalence of pathogenic bacteria acquiring multidrug antibiotic resistance is a global health threat to mankind. This has motivated a renewed interest in developing alternatives to conventional antibiotics including bacteriophages (viruses) as therapeutic agents. The bacterium Clostridium difficile causes colon infection and is particularly difficult to treat with existing antibiotics; phage therapy may offer a viable alternative. The punitive environment within the gastrointestinal tract can inactivate orally delivered phages...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
114066
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"