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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804232/acute-beneficial-effects-of-muscular-counterpulsation-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-diseases
#1
Larry V Lapanashvili, Michael D Alshibaya, Julia Veselova, Leo A Bockeria
This prospective pilot study was designed to investigate the acute hemodynamic effects and clinical applicability of muscular counterpulsation (MCP), a one-shot procedure for biomechanical circulatory support. The study included 17 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and impaired ejection fraction (EF ≤45%) who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Patients were divided into control ( n  = 7) and treatment ( n  = 10) groups. MCP was applied through adhesive skin electrodes to the thighs and calves with a battery-powered, portable, ECG-triggered device for 15 minutes prior to general anesthesia...
September 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471899/angioinvasive-aspergillus-associated-stroke-in-an-immunocompetent-host-following-cardiac-surgery-and-ecmo
#2
Tapan Kavi, Nikhil Madan, Tamara Majic, Axel Rosengart, Marcel Maya, Serguei Bannykh, Shouri Lahiri
INTRODUCTION: Invasive cerebral aspergillosis is an uncommon cause of stroke among immunocompetent patients and has not been reported in association with cardiac surgery or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We report the case of an immunocompetent host who developed aspergillus-associated stroke following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and ECMO. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old woman developed cardiogenic shock after 3-vessel-CABG requiring intra-aortic balloon pump placement and subsequent veno-arterial ECMO...
May 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457342/outcome-after-coronary-bypass-grafting-for-coronary-complications-following-coronary-angiography
#3
Ingo Slottosch, Oliver Liakopoulos, Elmar Kuhn, Antje-Christin Deppe, Maximilian Scherner, Navid Mader, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Thorsten Wahlers
BACKGROUND: Coronary complications during coronary angiography or intervention (percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]) are uncommon. However, PCI-related coronary artery perforation, dissection, or acute occlusion frequently result in myocardial ischemia followed by hemodynamic instability and need of urgent coronary artery bypass grafting (coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]). This single-center study aimed to investigate clinical outcomes of patients undergoing urgent CABG after life-threatening PCI complications...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445858/the-impact-of-minor-blood-transfusion-on-the-outcome-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#4
Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Marco Zanobini, Francesco Onorati, Debora Brascia, Giovanni Mariscalco, Ilaria Franzese, Vito G Ruggieri, Karl Bounader, Andrea Perrotti, Francesco Musumeci, Giuseppe Santarpino, Daniele Maselli, Saverio Nardella, Helmut Gulbins, Riccardo Gherli, Antonino S Rubino, Carmelo Mignosa, Marisa De Feo, Giuseppe Gatti, Francesco Santini, Antonio Salsano, Magnus Dalén, Matteo Saccocci, Daniel Reichart, Giuseppe Faggian, Tiziano Gherli, Francesco Nicolini, Fausto Biancari
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of minor perioperative bleeding requiring transfusion of 1-2 red blood cell (RBC) units on the outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Sixteen cardiac surgical centers contributed to the prospective European CABG registry (E-CABG). 1014 patients receiving 1-2 RBC units during or after isolated CABG were compared to 2264 patients not receiving RBCs. RESULTS: In 827 propensity score matched pairs, transfusion of 1-2 RBC units did not affect the risk of in-hospital/30-day death (p=0...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393778/safety-and-efficacy-of-ketamine-dexmedetomidine-versus-ketamine-propofol-combinations-for-sedation-in-patients-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#5
Mona Mohamed Mogahd, Mohammed Shafik Mahran, Ghada Foad Elbaradi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prolonged mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery is associated with serious complications that increase morbidity and mortality. The present study was designed to compare ketamine-propofol (KP) and ketamine-dexmedetomidine (KD) combinations for sedation and analgesia in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery as regards hemodynamics, total fentanyl dose, time of weaning from mechanical ventilation, time of extubation, and any adverse outcome...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393773/impact-of-dexmedetomidine-on-hemodynamic-changes-during-and-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#6
Morteza Hashemian, Mehdi Ahmadinejad, Seyed Amir Mohajerani, Alireza Mirkheshti
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of dexmedetomidine (Dex) on hemodynamic changes during cardiopulmonary pump and postoperative period in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS AND DESIGN: This study is designed as a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: University hospital and single center. PARTICIPANTS: patients candidate for elective CABG. INTERVENTION: Dex 0.5 μg/kg/h or placebo was infused from the initiation of anesthesia up to extubation in Intensive Care Unit (ICU)...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214141/feasibility-and-safety-of-same-day-discharge-after-complex-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-using-forearm-approach
#7
Michael Koutouzis, Aris Karatasakis, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Maria Agelaki, Christos Maniotis, Panagiotis Dimitriou, Efstathios Lazaris
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the feasibility and safety of same-day discharge (SDD) after complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using a forearm approach. BACKGROUND: SDD has been shown to be safe after elective, low-risk PCI. However, the feasibility and safety of SDD in more complex patients and lesions has received limited study. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1190 elective PCIs that were performed between January 2013 and December 2015 at the Red Cross General Hospital...
June 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203408/determinants-of-prolonged-intensive-care-unit-stay-in-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Theodore Kapadohos, Epameinondas Angelopoulos, Ioannis Vasileiadis, Serafeim Nanas, Anastasia Kotanidou, Andreas Karabinis, Katerina Marathias, Christina Routsi
BACKGROUND: Prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay of patients after cardiac surgery has a major impact on overall cost and resource utilization. The aim of this study was to identify perioperative factors which prolong stay in ICU. METHODS: All adult patients from a single, specialized cardiac center who were admitted to the ICU after cardiac surgery during a 2-month period were included. Demographic and clinical characteristics, comorbidities, preoperative use of drugs, intraoperative variables, and postoperative course were recorded...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074798/proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-as-an-alternative-to-standard-endotracheal-tube-in-securing-upper-airway-in-the-patients-undergoing-beating-heart-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kalpana Shah
BACKGROUND: ProSeal laryngeal mask airways (PLMAs) are routinely used after failed tracheal intubation as airway rescue, facilitating tracheal intubation by acting as a conduit and to secure airway during emergencies. In long duration surgeries, use of endotracheal tube (ETT) is associated with various hemodynamic complications, which are minimally affected during PLMA use. However, except for few studies, there are no significant data available that promote the use of laryngeal mask during cardiac surgery...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801303/levosimendan-use-increases-cardiac-performance-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#10
Hakan Atalay, Zeki Temizturk, Hasan Baki Altinsoy, Davut Azboy, Salih Colak, Atakan Atalay, Omer Faruk Dogan
BACKGROUND: The effect of levosimendan on myocardial performance has not been studied in dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Our aim was to investigate the effect of levosimendan on postoperative hemodynamic effects in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing CABG operation. METHODS: We performed 58 elective isolated CABG operations in end-stage renal disease patients. The study group received levosimendan at a slow bolus dose of 3 µg/kg, followed by a 24-hour infusion of 0...
October 27, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716712/a-lethal-tension-pneumothorax-during-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-can-transesophageal-echocardiography-pick-it
#11
Dharmesh Radheshyam Agrawal, Sathyaki Purushottam Nambala
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is establishing itself as the standard of care across the world. MICS CABG is currently performed in only a few centers. Hemodynamics disturbances are peculiar during MICS CABG due to space constraints. We report a 70-year-old man who underwent MICS CABG who developed tension pneumothorax during revascularization that was diagnosed in a novel way.
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692704/sevoflurane-and-isoflurane-pharmacokinetics-hemodynamic-stability-and-cardioprotective-effects-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David Freiermuth, Berend Mets, Daniel Bolliger, Oliver Reuthebuch, Thomas Doebele, Markus Scholz, Michael Gregor, Matthias Haschke, Manfred Daniel Seeberger, Jens Fassl
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the pharmacokinetic profiles of sevoflurane and isoflurane during use of minimized extracorporeal circulation to perform coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Furthermore, cardiovascular stability during bypass and the postoperative release of troponins were evaluated. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 31 adult patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596003/-the-heart-team-in-planning-and-performance-of-revascularization-esc-guidelines-versus-clinical-routine
#13
REVIEW
J-M Sinning, A Welz, G Nickenig
The heart team, consisting of conservative cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and interventional cardiologists, is important for a balanced, multidisciplinary decision-making process for patients suffering from coronary artery disease (CAD). Standard evidence-based, interdisciplinary, institutional protocols can be used for commonly encountered case scenarios to avoid the need for a systematic case by case review. Complex cases with a SYNTAX score of more than 32, diabetes mellitus and lesions of the left main stem or three-vessel disease should in general not be treated by an ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) but first discussed in the heart team...
November 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583039/the-effects-of-levosimendan-and-sodium-nitroprusside-combination-on-left-ventricular-functions-after-surgical-ventricular-reconstruction-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-patients
#14
Zeki Temizturk, Davut Azboy, Atakan Atalay, Hakan Atalay, Omer Faruk Dogan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to research the effects of levosimendan (LS) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) combination on systolic and diastolic ventricular function after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) who required endoventricular patch repair (EVPR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 70 patients with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. LS and SNP combination was administered in 35 patients (study group, SG). In the remaining patients, normal saline solution was given (placebo group, PG)...
2016: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465517/distal-coronary-perforation-in-patients-with-prior-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-the-importance-of-early-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Aris Karatasakis, Yasir N Akhtar, Emmanouil S Brilakis
In patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, distal coronary perforations are commonly considered to be at low risk for causing cardiac tamponade due to a potential protective role of pericardial adhesions, which obliterate the pericardial space. Loculated effusions can however form in such patients, compressing various cardiac structures and causing hemodynamic compromise. We present two cases of distal coronary perforation in prior CABG patients undergoing chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention...
September 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122879/prolonged-use-of-levitronix-left-ventricular-assist-device-as-a-bridge-to-heart-transplantation
#16
Shih-Ying Sung, Po-Shun Hsu, Jia-Lin Chen, Chien-Sung Tsai, Yi-Ting Tsai, Chih-Yuan Lin, Chung-Yi Lee, Hong-Yan Ke, Yi-Chang Lin
UNLABELLED: A 61-year-old male presented to our emergency room with chest tightness, dyspnea, and cold sweat. He underwent a 12-lead EKG which showed ST-elevation from leads V1-V4 and T wave inversion in leads II, III, and aVF. His troponin-I level was elevated to 70.3 ng/ml. He went into cardiogenic shock when he was in the catheter room. After advanced cardiac life support was administered for 30 min, veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) cannulation was set up using 21-french arterial and 21-french venous cannula through the right femoral artery and right femoral vein by the puncture method for hemodynamic support...
May 2015: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108829/is-there-any-benefit-in-associating-neuraxial-anesthesia-to-general-anesthesia-for-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Fabiano Timbó Barbosa, Célio Fernando de Sousa Rodrigues, Aldemar Araújo Castro, Rafael Martins da Cunha, Tatiana Roa Bezerra Wanderley Barbosa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of neuraxial anesthesia in cardiac surgery is recent, but the hemodynamic effects of local anesthetics and anticoagulation can result in risk to patients. OBJECTIVE: To review the benefits of neuraxial anesthesia in cardiac surgery for CABG through a systematic review of systematic reviews. CONTENT: The search was performed in Pubmed (January 1966 to December 2012), Embase (1974 to December 2012), The Cochrane Library (volume 10, 2012) and Lilacs (1982 to December 2012) databases, in search of articles of systematic reviews...
May 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052062/monitoring-diastolic-dysfunction-using-a-simplified-algorithm-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery
#18
Deepak Prakash Borde, Balaji Asegaonkar, Pramod Apsingekar, Sujeet Khade, Savni Futane, Bapu Khodve, Mahesh Kedar, Anand Deodhar, Unmesh Takalkar, Antony George, Shreedhar Joshi
CONTEXT: Left ventricle diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is gaining importance as useful marker of mortality and morbidity in cardiac surgical patients. Different algorithms have been proposed for the intraoperative grading of DD. Knowledge of the particular grade of DD has clinical implications with the potential to modify therapy, but there is a paucity of literature on the role of diastolic function evaluation during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) surgery. AIMS: The aim of this study was to monitor changes in LVDD using simplified algorithm proposed by Swaminathan et al...
April 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966644/influence-of-isoflurane-on-the-diastolic-pressure-flow-relationship-and-critical-occlusion-pressure-during-arterial-cabg-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
José Hinz, Ashham Mansur, Gerd G Hanekop, Andreas Weyland, Aron F Popov, Jan D Schmitto, Frank F G Grüne, Martin Bauer, Stephan Kazmaier
The effects of isoflurane on the determinants of blood flow during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery are not completely understood. This study characterized the influence of isoflurane on the diastolic Pressure-Flow (P-F) relationship and Critical Occlusion Pressure (COP) during CABG surgery. Twenty patients undergoing CABG surgery were studied. Patients were assigned to an isoflurane or control group. Hemodynamic and flow measurements during CABG surgery were performed twice (15 minutes after the discontinuation of extracorporeal circulation (T15) and again 15 minutes later (T30))...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26962968/evaluation-of-pericardial-fluid-c-type-natriuretic-peptide-levels-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-bypass-surgery
#20
Orkut Guclu, Oguz Karahan, Mustafa Karabacak, Volkan Yuksel, Serhat Huseyin, Binali Mavitas
Background Neurohumoral and hemodynamic mechanisms have an effect on cardiac activity. C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is accessible in the cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was to determine whether CNP concentrations in pericardial fluid and blood are related to cardiac dysfunction in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Materials and Methods In this study, 40 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled. The patients were separated into two groups according to left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF): group 1 contained 28 patients with normal LV systolic function (LVEF ≥ 50%) and group 2 contained 12 patients with impaired LV systolic function (LVEF < 45%)...
June 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
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