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Selenium Minerals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727057/effects-of-feeding-pregnant-beef-cows-selenium-enriched-alfalfa-hay-on-selenium-status-and-antibody-titers-in-their-newborn-calves
#1
L G Wallace, G Bobe, W R Vorachek, B P Dolan, C T Estill, G J Pirelli, J A Hall
In newborn dairy calves, it has been demonstrated that supranutritional maternal and colostral Se supplementation using Se yeast or sodium selenite, respectively, improves passive transfer of IgG. In beef cattle, agronomic biofortification with Se is a more practical alternative for Se supplementation, whereby the Se concentration of hay is increased through the use of Se-containing fertilizer amendments. It has been previously demonstrated that agronomic Se biofortification is an effective strategy to improve immunity and performance in Se-replete weaned beef calves...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711425/minerals-and-sarcopenia-the-role-of-calcium-iron-magnesium-phosphorus-potassium-selenium-sodium-and-zinc-on-muscle-mass-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Carliene van Dronkelaar, Aafke van Velzen, Maya Abdelrazek, Anouk van der Steen, Peter J M Weijs, Michael Tieland
INTRODUCTION: Minerals may contribute to prevent and treat sarcopenia, the age-related loss of muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance. So far, there is no comprehensive review on the impact of minerals on sarcopenia outcomes. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the role of calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, and zinc on muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in older adults. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted between March 2016 and July 2016, in the PubMed database using predefined search terms...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675104/meat-quality-free-fatty-acid-concentration-and-oxidative-stability-of-pork-from-animals-fed-diets-containing-different-sources-of-selenium
#3
Luis Calvo, José Segura, Fidel Toldrá, Mónica Flores, Ana I Rodríguez, Clemente J López-Bote, Ana I Rey
This study evaluates the effect of the source of dietary selenium supplementation (organic versus mineral) and the combined effect of organic selenium and vitamin E on the fatty acid composition and lipolysis in pork intramuscular fat and other meat quality characteristics such as drip loss and lipid stability. Higher vitamin E deposition, lower drip loss, and higher stability against oxidation were detected in muscle from pigs fed organic selenium. Also higher proportion of free fatty acids was observed in intramuscular fat from pigs fed organic selenium than those fed inorganic selenium, being these mainly coming from neutral lipid fraction...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627187/-is-plasma-selenium-correlated-to-transthyretin-levels-in-critically-ill-patients
#4
Renata G B O N Freitas, Roberto Jose Negrão Nogueira, Silvia Maria Franciscato Cozzolino, Ana Carolina Junqueira Vasques, Matthew Thomas Ferreira, Gabriel Hessel
BACKGROUND: Selenium is an essential trace element, but critically ill patients using total parenteral nutrition (PN) do not receive selenium because this mineral is not commonly offered. Threfore, the eval uation of plasma selenium levels is very important for treating or preventing this deficiency. Recent studies have shown that transthyretin may reflect the selenium intake and could be considered a biomarker. However, this issue is still little explored in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the correlation of transthyretin with the plasma selenium of critically ill patients receiving PN...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626450/microbial-phosphorus-solubilization-and-its-potential-for-use-in-sustainable-agriculture
#5
REVIEW
Elizabeth T Alori, Bernard R Glick, Olubukola O Babalola
The use of excess conventional Phosphorus (P) fertilizers to improve agricultural productivity, in order to meet constantly increasing global food demand, potentially causes surface and ground water pollution, waterway eutrophication, soil fertility depletion, and accumulation of toxic elements such as high concentration of selenium (Se), arsenic (As) in the soil. Quite a number of soil microorganisms are capable of solubilizing/mineralizing insoluble soil phosphate to release soluble P and making it available to plants...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594919/weaned-beef-calves-fed-selenium-biofortified-alfalfa-hay-have-an-enriched-nasal-microbiota-compared-with-healthy-controls
#6
Jean A Hall, Anitha Isaiah, Charles T Estill, Gene J Pirelli, Jan S Suchodolski
Selenium (Se) is an essential trace mineral important for immune function and overall health of cattle. The nasopharyngeal microbiota in cattle plays an important role in overall respiratory health, especially when stresses associated with weaning, transport, and adaptation to a feedlot affect the normal respiratory defenses. Recent evidence suggests that cattle diagnosed with bovine respiratory disease complex have significantly less bacterial diversity. The objective of this study was to determine whether feeding weaned beef calves Se-enriched alfalfa (Medicago sativa) hay for 9 weeks in a preconditioning program prior to entering the feedlot alters nasal microbiota...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584526/analyses-of-mineral-content-and-heavy-metal-of-honey-samples-from-south-and-east-region-of-turkey-by-using-icp-ms
#7
Serap Kılıç Altun, Hikmet Dinç, Nilgün Paksoy, Füsun Karaçal Temamoğulları, Mehmet Savrunlu
The substantial of mineral ingredients in honey may symbolize the existence of elements in the plants and soil of the vicinity wherein the honey was taken. The aim of this study was to detect the levels of 13 elements (Potassium (K), Sodium (Na), Calcium (Ca), Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu), Manganese (Mn), Lead (Pb), Nickel (Ni), Chromium (Cr), Aluminum (Al), and Selenium (Se)) in unifloral and multifloral honey samples from south and east regions of Turkey. Survey of 71 honey samples from seven different herbal origins, picked up from the south and east region of Turkey, was carried out to determine their mineral contents during 2015-2016...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579983/effect-of-dietary-minerals-on-virulence-attributes-of-vibrio-cholerae
#8
Varunkumar Bhattaram, Abhinav Upadhyay, Hsin-Bai Yin, Shankumar Mooyottu, Kumar Venkitanarayanan
Vibrio cholerae is a water-borne pathogen responsible for causing a toxin-mediated profuse diarrhea in humans, leading to severe dehydration and death in unattended patients. With increasing reports of antibiotic resistance in V. cholerae, there is a need for alternate interventional strategies for controlling cholera. A potential new strategy for treating infectious diseases involves targeting bacterial virulence rather than growth, where a pathogen's specific mechanisms critical for causing infection in hosts are inhibited...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518221/micronutrient-supplementation-in-adults-with-hiv-infection
#9
REVIEW
Marianne E Visser, Solange Durao, David Sinclair, James H Irlam, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies are common among adults living with HIV disease, particularly in low-income settings where the diet may be low in essential vitamins and minerals. Some micronutrients play critical roles in maintenance of the immune system, and routine supplementation could therefore be beneficial. This is an update of a Cochrane Review previously published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether micronutrient supplements are effective and safe in reducing mortality and HIV-related morbidity of HIV-positive adults (excluding pregnant women)...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513792/evaluation-of-the-brazilian-population-s-intake-of-antioxidant-nutrients-and-their-relation-with-the-nutritional-status
#10
Camila Tureck, Gelvani Locateli, Vanesa Gesser Corrêa, Eloá Angélica Koehnlein
Introduction: The study of dietary antioxidants has gained prominence owing to the elucidation of the deleterious effects of oxidative stress to the human body. Objective: To evaluate the Brazilian population's intake of antioxidant nutrients and their association with the nutritional status. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out including secondary data on food consumption of 33,459 individuals from both sexes, aged 10 years or older, from all Brazilian regions based on microdata of the "2008-2009 Household Budget Survey, Brazilian Dairy Survey...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510033/the-antagonistic-effect-of-selenium-on-cadmium-induced-damage-and-mrna-levels-of-selenoprotein-genes-and-inflammatory-factors-in-chicken-kidney-tissue
#11
Xinyue Wang, Rongkun Bao, Jing Fu
Selenium (Se) is a necessary trace mineral in the diet of humans and animals. Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal that can damage animal organs, especially the kidneys. Antagonistic interactions between Se and Cd have been reported in previous studies. However, little is known about the effects of Se against Cd toxicity and on the mRNA levels of 25 selenoprotein genes and inflammatory factors in chicken kidneys. In the current study, we fed chickens with a Se-treated, Cd-treated, or Se/Cd treated diet for 90 days...
May 16, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508256/the-role-of-micronutrients-in-alopecia-areata-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Jordan M Thompson, Mehwish A Mirza, Min Kyung Park, Abrar A Qureshi, Eunyoung Cho
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, non-scarring form of hair loss caused by immune-mediated attack of the hair follicle. As with other immune-mediated diseases, a complex interplay between environment and genetics is thought to lead to the development of AA. Deficiency of micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals may represent a modifiable risk factor associated with development of AA. Given the role of these micronutrients in normal hair follicle development and in immune cell function, a growing number of investigations have sought to determine whether serum levels of these nutrients might differ in AA patients, and whether supplementation of these nutrients might represent a therapeutic option for AA...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490678/implications-of-us-nutrition-facts-label-changes-on-micronutrient-density-of-fortified-foods-and-supplements
#13
Michael I McBurney, Sonia Hartunian-Sowa, Nathan V Matusheski
The US FDA published new nutrition-labeling regulations in May 2016. For the first time since the implementation of the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990, the Daily Value (DV) for most vitamins will change, as will the units of measurement used in nutrition labeling for some vitamins. For some food categories, the Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed (RACCs) will increase to reflect portions commonly consumed on a single occasion. These regulatory changes are now effective, and product label changes will be mandatory beginning 26 July 2018...
June 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489956/the-role-of-chlorogenic-acid-supplementation-in-anemia-and-mineral-disturbances-induced-by-4-tert-octylphenol-toxicity
#14
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S S Arbid, Nawal E Gomaa
4-tert-octylphenol (OP) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical that causes harmful effects to human health. Chlorogenic acid is the major dietary polyphenol present in various foods and beverages. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective role of chlorogenic acid in anemia and mineral disturbance occurring in OP toxicity in rats. Thirty-two male albino rats were divided into four equal groups (8 rats/group) as follows. The first (control) group was treated daily with an oral dose of 1 ml saline for two weeks...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422987/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-shows-a-specific-micronutrient-profile-in-people-with-down-syndrome-lower-blood-calcium-selenium-and-zinc-higher-red-blood-cell-copper-and-zinc-and-higher-salivary-calcium-and-sodium
#15
REVIEW
Amene Saghazadeh, Maryam Mahmoudi, Atefeh Dehghani Ashkezari, Nooshin Oliaie Rezaie, Nima Rezaei
Different metabolic profiles as well as comorbidities are common in people with Down Syndrome (DS). Therefore it is relevant to know whether micronutrient levels in people with DS are also different. This systematic review was designed to review the literature on micronutrient levels in people with DS compared to age and sex-matched controls without DS. We identified sixty nine studies from January 1967 to April 2016 through main electronic medical databases PubMed, Scopus, and Web of knowledge. We carried out meta-analysis of the data on four essential trace elements (Cu, Fe, Se, and Zn), six minerals (Ca, Cl, K, Mg, Na, and P), and five vitamins (vitamin A, B9, B12, D, and E)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420205/do-chinese-children-get-enough-micronutrients
#16
Huijun Wang, Dantong Wang, Yifei Ouyang, Feifei Huang, Gangqiang Ding, Bing Zhang
The aim of this study was to examine usual daily micronutrient intake of Chinese children based on data from the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey. We analyzed data from 4 to 17-year-old participants, who provided dietary data on three consecutive days combined with the household weighing method in 2011. Usual daily intake of each nutrient was estimated using a mixed effects model based on the China Food Composition published in 2009. The means, medians and percentages below Estimated Average Requirements (EAR) were reported for selected micronutrients, including calcium, sodium, potassium, iron, zinc, selenium, vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin and vitamin C...
April 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419718/shifting-microbial-communities-sustain-multiyear-iron-reduction-and-methanogenesis-in-ferruginous-sediment-incubations
#17
M S Bray, J Wu, B C Reed, C B Kretz, K M Belli, R L Simister, C Henny, F J Stewart, T J DiChristina, J A Brandes, D A Fowle, S A Crowe, J B Glass
Reactive Fe(III) minerals can influence methane (CH4 ) emissions by inhibiting microbial methanogenesis or by stimulating anaerobic CH4 oxidation. The balance between Fe(III) reduction, methanogenesis, and CH4 oxidation in ferruginous Archean and Paleoproterozoic oceans would have controlled CH4 fluxes to the atmosphere, thereby regulating the capacity for CH4 to warm the early Earth under the Faint Young Sun. We studied CH4 and Fe cycling in anoxic incubations of ferruginous sediment from the ancient ocean analogue Lake Matano, Indonesia, over three successive transfers (500 days in total)...
April 17, 2017: Geobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388674/variation-in-the-mineral-element-concentration-of-moringa-oleifera-lam-and-m-stenopetala-bak-f-cuf-role-in-human-nutrition
#18
Diriba B Kumssa, Edward Jm Joy, Scott D Young, David W Odee, E Louise Ander, Martin R Broadley
BACKGROUND: Moringa oleifera (MO) and M. stenopetala (MS) (family Moringaceae; order Brassicales) are multipurpose tree/shrub species. They thrive under marginal environmental conditions and produce nutritious edible parts. The aim of this study was to determine the mineral composition of different parts of MO and MS growing in their natural environments and their potential role in alleviating human mineral micronutrient deficiencies (MND) in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Edible parts of MO (n = 146) and MS (n = 50), co-occurring cereals/vegetables and soils (n = 95) underneath their canopy were sampled from localities in southern Ethiopia and Kenya...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373910/maternal-selenium-supplementation-at-various-stages-of-periconception-period-influence-on-murine-blastocyst-morphology-and-implantation-status
#19
Mark Anthony C Mamon, Gliceria B Ramos
BACKGROUND: Selenium is one of the trace minerals whose deficiency is known to lead to complications of female reproduction. The identified gaps in researches regarding selenium and pregnancy include optimizing the dosage of selenium supplementation, timing of supplementation, finding the best form and type of selenium, and selenium administration combined with other antioxidants. Hence, this study was conceptualized to address one of the identified gaps, that is, to find out the best timing of selenium administration around the time of pregnancy...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368326/mineral-and-anti-nutritional-contents-of-niger-seed-guizotia-abyssinica-l-f-cass-linseed-linumusitatissimum-l-and-sesame-sesamumindicum-l-varieties-grown-in-ethiopia
#20
Tesfaye Deme, Gulelat D Haki, Nigussie Retta, Ashagrie Woldegiorgis, Mulatu Geleta
Oilseeds are rich sources of micronutrients and contribute to combating malnutrition caused by micronutrient deficiency. The objective of this study was to investigate the mineral and anti-nutritional contents of different varieties of niger seed, linseed and sesame. Five niger seed, eight linseed and ten sesame varieties were used. Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) was used for mineral analysis and the standard method was adopted to estimate tannin and phytate. Twelve mineral elements; Ca, K, Mg, Na, P, B, Cu, Fe, Mn, S, Se and Zn were analyzed for each oilseed variety...
April 1, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
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