keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Effects of drugs on periodontal health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661437/development-of-routine-dental-care-for-liver-transplant-outpatients
#1
S V Nascimento, A M Gonzalez, B Aguiar Roza, C F M G Pimentel, J Schirmer, S Mucci, D C Abranches
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation has become commonplace for patients with end-stage liver disease. The liver is a bodily organ of great importance, and its dysfunction can cause significant complications throughout the body. Patients with hepatic disease should be able to acquire knowledge of the physiology of the liver via the dental profession, and it is also necessary to modify some aspects of dental treatment even in healthy patients. Problems such as excessive bleeding and hepatotoxicity caused by some of the drugs used in dental treatment can lead to a decrease in systemic health...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568169/efficacy-of-ayurvedic-drugs-as-compared-to-chlorhexidine-in-management-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#2
Neelam Mittal, Vinod Kumar Joshi, Ratan Kumar Srivastava, Shri Prakash Singh
Background: In India, Ayurveda is considered to be more effective and cheaper than modern medicine. Ayurvedic literature shows its use in treating oral diseases also. However, their effectiveness, in comparison with the allopathic mode of management, has not been assessed previously. The aim of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to compare the efficacy of ayurvedic drugs over chlorhexidine in treating chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: Four hundred and eight participants, in the age group 20-49 years, suffering from mild-to-moderate chronic periodontitis were included in this study...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563432/probiotics-a-promising-role-in-dental-health
#3
REVIEW
Sari A Mahasneh, Adel M Mahasneh
Probiotics have a role in maintaining oral health through interaction with oral microbiome, thus contributing to healthy microbial equilibrium. The nature and composition of any individual microbiome impacts the general health, being a major contributor to oral health. The emergence of drug resistance and the side effects of available antimicrobials have restricted their use in an array of prophylactic options. Indeed, some new strategies to prevent oral diseases are based on manipulating oral microbiota, which is provided by probiotics...
September 27, 2017: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456312/long-term-effect-of-lactobacillus-brevis-cd2-inersan-%C3%A2-and-or-doxycycline-in-aggressive-periodontitis
#4
Mishal Piyush Shah, Sheela Kumar Gujjari, Veerendrakumar Siddhpur Chandrasekhar
Context: The over usage and broad use of antibiotics resulted in the emergence of resistant microorganisms to the drugs which also disturb the indigenous microflora, which include the Lactobacillus in the oral cavity. Hence, it is preferred to avoid the use of antibiotics. Aims: The hypothesis tested in this study was that 14 days of treatment with Lactobacillus brevis CD2 lozenges, L. brevis CD2 with oral doxycycline, or doxycycline alone would have a beneficial effect on periodontal health after 5 months...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326507/effect-of-calcium-channel-blockers-on-gingival-tissues-in-hypertensive-patients-in-lagos-nigeria-a-pilot-study
#5
Kehinde Adesola Umeizudike, Adetokunbo B Olawuyi, Theophilus I Umeizudike, Akinsanya D Olusegun-Joseph, Babawale T Bello
Background: Long-term treatment of common chronic cardiac conditions such as hypertension with calcium channel blockers (CCBs) has long been associated with gingival hyperplasia. This oral side effect may affect esthetics and function, yet often overlooked and therefore underreported among Nigerians. Aim: This study aimed to determine the association of CCBs with gingival overgrowth (GO) in hypertensive patients. Methods: This was a hospital-based, case-control study conducted among 116 hypertensive patients (58 CCB and 58 non-CCB age-matched controls) attending the medical outpatient clinic of a tertiary health institution in Lagos, Nigeria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321070/the-effect-of-methamphetamine-abuse-on-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-in-an-eastern-china-city
#6
Tao Ye, Dongliang Sun, Guangying Dong, Guangjie Xu, Ligang Wang, Jinjin Du, Pengcheng Ren, Shibin Yu
BACKGROUND: Dental diseases are among the most frequently reported health problems in drug abusers. However, few studies have been conducted on oral health of methamphetamine (meth) abusers in China. The aim of the present study was to investigate the caries and periodontal health profile of former meth abusers in Eastern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 162 former meth abusers in the male Zhoushan Compulsory Detoxification Center. A standardized questionnaire, which collected information about age, drug-use duration / pattern, oral hygiene habit and systemic diseases, was administered...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317062/could-the-screening-for-correct-oral-health-reduce-the-impact-of-death-due-to-bolus-asphyxia-in-adult-patients-a-forensic-case-report
#7
Isabella Aquila, Santo Gratteri, Matteo A Sacco, Emilio Nuzzolese, Vittorio Fineschi, Paola Frati, Pietrantonio Ricci
INTRODUCTION: "Bolus death" or "Café Coronary syndrome" refers to death due to asphyxia caused by an occlusion of the upper airways due to food. In this kind of asphyxia, the food bolus obstructs the larynx or the bronchial branches. This kind of event often affects subjects with acute intoxication due to alcohol or drugs, or with edentulism and with neurological or psychiatric diseases. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman, suffering from schizophrenia, was found dead in her house due to food bolus asphyxia...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274621/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-cannabinoid-receptor-2-ligands-in-primary-hpdl-fibroblasts
#8
Ammaar H Abidi, Chaela S Presley, Mustafa Dabbous, David A Tipton, Suni M Mustafa, Bob M Moore
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 65 million adults in the US have periodontitis, causing tooth loss and decreased quality of life. Cannabinoids modulate immune responses, and endocannabinoids are prevalent during oral cavity inflammation. Targets for intervention in periodontal inflammation are cannabinoid type 1 and 2 receptors (CB1R, CB2R), particularly CB2R because its levels increase during inflammation. We previously demonstrated that SMM-189 (CB2R inverse agonist) decreased pro-inflammatory cytokine production in primary microglial cells...
March 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852634/association-between-tooth-loss-and-opium-addiction-results-of-a-community-based-study-on-5900-adult-individuals-in-south-east-of-iran-in-2015
#9
Tayebeh Malek Mohammadi, Naimeh Hasheminejad, Hamid Reza Salari, Mohammad Reza Rostamizadeh, Hamid Najafipour
BACKGROUND: Like any other drug abuse, opium use is known to have detrimental effects on oral health. Oral hygiene neglect in opium users can lead to tooth loss resulting in further functional, esthetic, and dieting problems. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the association between tooth loss and opium addiction in a large-scale population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was part of an extensive study related to the risk factors of cardiovascular disease and conducted by the center for physiological research during 2012-2015 in Kerman...
July 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650029/nanoparticle-encapsulated-baicalein-markedly-modulates-pro-inflammatory-response-in-gingival-epithelial-cells
#10
Xuan Li, Wei Luo, Tsz Wing Ng, Ping Chung Leung, Chengfei Zhang, Ken Cham-Fai Leung, Lijian Jin
Severe gum disease (periodontitis), which is one of the major global oral diseases, results from microbe-host dysbiosis and dysregulated immuno-inflammatory responses. It seriously affects oral health and general wellbeing with significant socio-economic implications. It has been well documented that natural flavonoids such as baicalin (BA) and baicalein (BE) possess potent anti-inflammatory effects. However, their intrinsic poor solubility and low bioavailability severely limit their biomedical applications...
September 14, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393367/increasing-popularity-of-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-and-electronic-cigarette-use-implications-for-oral-healthcare
#11
REVIEW
C P Ramôa, T Eissenberg, S E Sahingur
Cigarette smoking increases the risk of developing several systemic conditions including cancer, cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Cigarette smoking is also detrimental to oral health as it increases the incidence and severity of oral cancer, periodontal diseases and peri-implantitis, as well as impacting negatively on the dental patients' response to therapy. Therefore, consideration of smoking behavior and recommendation of smoking cessation are important parts of dental treatment planning. However, cigarettes are no longer the most popular form of tobacco use among adolescents in the United States and globally...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326737/-research-progress-on-a-nanodrug-delivery-system-for-prevention-and-control-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Jiang Yaling, Feng Mingye, Cheng Lei
Dental caries and periodontal diseases are common chronic infectious diseases that cause serious damage to oral health. Bacteria is the primary factor leading to such conditions. As a dental plaque control method, chemotherapeutic agents face serious challenges in dental care because of the specific physiological and anatomical characteristics of the oral cavity. Nanodrug delivery system is a series of new drug delivery systems at nanoscale, and it can target cells, promote sustainedrelease effects, and enhance biodegradation...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745761/-oral-health-of-users-of-psychoactive-substances
#13
Fabien Cohen
This article reminds you that, whatever the psychoactive substance in question, it is not one that has repercussions on the oral health of its user. This affects both the tooth, the periodontal and oral mucosa. Drug addicts, especially those engaged in polydrug use, represent the population at the largest risk for oral cancer. Of all the factors, smoking is by far the largest risk. The alcohol has a synergistic effect with the tobacco, so that the combined effect is more than multiplied. Preventing risks of these products is possible through good oral hygiene and lifestyle, preventive care and followed by a regular dentist...
December 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605719/is-there-a-relationship-between-periodontal-conditions-and-number-of-medications-among-the-elderly
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Zuhair S Natto, Majdi Aladmawy, Heba K Alshaeri, Mohammed Alasqah, Athena Papas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible correlations of clinical attachment level and pocket depth with number of medications in elderly individuals. METHODS: Intra-oral examinations for 139 patients visiting Tufts dental clinic were done. Periodontal assessments were performed with a manual UNC-15 periodontal probe to measure probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) at 6 sites. Complete lists of patients' medications were obtained during the examinations...
March 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562220/influence-of-periodontal-disease-on-changes-of-glycated-hemoglobin-levels-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Katia L Costa, Zuila A Taboza, Gisele B Angelino, Virginia R Silveira, Renan Montenegro, Alex N Haas, Rodrigo O Rego
BACKGROUND: Little evidence is available regarding the effects of long-term periodontal infection on diabetes mellitus (DM) control. The aim of this retrospective cohort study is to evaluate influence of periodontal status on changes of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels of patients with type 2 DM (DMt2). METHODS: Eighty patients (mean age: 56.0 ± 8.9 years) with DMt2 were included. Patients were non-smokers, aged ≥40 years, and using antidiabetic drugs. Demographics, health history, and HbA1c levels were retrieved from medical charts...
January 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523451/therapeutic-potential-of-melatonin-in-oral-medicine-and-periodontology
#16
REVIEW
Shariq Najeeb, Zohaib Khurshid, Sana Zohaib, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine) is a substance secreted by multiple organs in vertebrates. In addition to playing a part in the circadian cycle of the body, melatonin is known to have antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and antioncotic effects on human tissues. Oral cavity is affected by a number of conditions such as periodontitis, mucositis, cancers, and cytotoxicity from various drugs or biomaterials. Research has suggested that melatonin is effective in treating the aforementioned pathologies. Furthermore, melatonin has been observed to enhance osseointegration and bone regeneration...
August 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195204/effect-of-topical-simvastatin-1-2%C3%A2-mg-on-gingival-crevicular-fluid-interleukin-6-interleukin-8-and-interleukin-10-levels-in-chronic-periodontitis-a-clinicobiochemical-study
#17
Harpreet Singh Grover, Shalini Kapoor, Ajita Singh
OBJECTIVES: The impact of simvastatin (SMV), a cholesterol lowering drug, on bone metabolism appears to involve complex interaction with cholesterol metabolites, hormones, inflammatory mediators and growth factors, thus having direct influence on extent and severity of periodontitis. The present study aims to evaluate the in vivo effect of subgingivally delivered SMV gel (1.2 mg) as a local drug-delivery agent on clinical parameters and on interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of chronic periodontitis patients...
May 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008764/regression-of-calcium-channel-blocker-induced-gingival-enlargement-in-the-absence-of-periodontal-therapy
#18
Rania Livada, Wes Shelton, Paul S Bland, Jacob Shiloal
AIM: To illustrate the negative effect of calcium channel blocker (CCB) drugs on the gingival tissues and the reversibility of these lesions. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors examined a forty-eight year-old male patient with drug-induced gingival enlargement associated with diltiazem, a CCB drug. Prior to initiating the proposed periodontal treatment, the patient was advised to consult his physician, for a possible switch to a different anti-hypertensive drug. The patient returned to the clinic three months later with a significant regression of the gingival overgrowth, which was induced by the patient ceasing the prescribed regimen without medical consultation or periodontal intervention...
October 2015: Journal of the Tennessee Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894172/a-clinical-evaluation-of-gingival-overgrowth-in-children-on-antiepileptic-drug-therapy
#19
Bharat Suneja, Saroj Chopra, Abi M Thomas, Jeyraj Pandian
INTRODUCTION: Gingival overgrowth, a well-known side effect of chronic phenytoin therapy has also been known to be caused by other anti epileptic drugs (AED's). Various factors like plaque, gingival inflammation, and periodontal health have been postulated to effect gingival overgrowth. AIM: To identify the AED having an effect on gingival overgrowth and to study the factors affecting it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three groups of 30 children each on monotherapy of phenytoin, sodium valproate, and carbamazepine were longitudinally followed for six months...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545069/treatment-of-periodontal-disease-for-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-diabetes-mellitus
#20
REVIEW
Terry C Simpson, Jo C Weldon, Helen V Worthington, Ian Needleman, Sarah H Wild, David R Moles, Brian Stevenson, Susan Furness, Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor
BACKGROUND: Glycaemic control is a key issue in the care of people with diabetes mellitus (DM). Periodontal disease is the inflammation and destruction of the underlying supporting tissues of the teeth. Some studies have suggested a bidirectional relationship between glycaemic control and periodontal disease. This review updates the previous version published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to investigate the effect of periodontal therapy on glycaemic control in people with diabetes mellitus...
November 6, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
114050
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"