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Systemic conditions and periodontal health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783781/nutraceuticals-in-periodontal-health-a-systematic-review-on-the-role-of-vitamins-in-periodontal-health-maintenance
#1
REVIEW
Alfonso Varela-López, María D Navarro-Hortal, Francesca Giampieri, Pedro Bullón, Maurizio Battino, José L Quiles
Periodontal disease, a relevant public health problem worldwide, is generally considered a common pathology of elderly people. In this respect, there is agreement about that nutritional status may be a modifying factor in the progression and healing of the periodontal tissues. Vitamins have been recommended as nutraceuticals for prevention and treatment of some pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity or cancer. Thus, a systematic approach to determining how the different vitamin type could ameliorate periodontal risks or improve periodontal health is necessary to further the understanding of the potential benefits and risks of vitamins supplementation use...
May 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736489/promoting-oral-health-and-quality-of-life-of-older-people-the-need-for-public-health-action
#2
Poul Erik Petersen, Hiroshi Ogawa
PURPOSE: This report intends to review the global burden of oral disease among older people and to examine their oral health needs. The evidence on the inter-relationships between poor oral health conditions of older people, general health and quality of life is highlighted. Finally, WHO strategies to improve oral health of older people are reviewed. METHODS: The information relevant to this review was extracted from the WHO Global Oral Health Data Bank, the PubMed database, and the Cochrane Library...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725605/hepatitis-c-infection-and-periodontal-disease-is-there-a-common-immunological-link
#3
REVIEW
Dorin Nicolae Gheorghe, Liliana Foia, Vasilica Toma, Amelia Surdu, Elena Herascu, Dora Maria Popescu, Petra Surlin, Cristin Constantin Vere, Ion Rogoveanu
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections could have an important impact on the oral health status of patients, favoring conditions such as periodontal disease and oral cancer. The review of the existing scientific literature written in English was performed, searching for oral and periodontal manifestations of HCV infection and its impact on the oral fluids. HCV infection can determine direct extrahepatic manifestations at the oral and periodontal level including oral lichen planus, Sjögren-like sialadenitis, and oral cancer...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716601/osteoarthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-the-eastern-atlantic-harbour-seal-phoca-vitulina-vitulina-from-the-german-north-sea-a-study-of-the-lesions-seen-in-dry-bone
#4
Catharina Ludolphy, Patricia Kahle, Horst Kierdorf, Uwe Kierdorf
BACKGROUND: Pathological changes and resulting functional impairment of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can substantially affect physical condition, morbidity, and mortality of wildlife species. Analysis of TMJ disorders is therefore of interest for the characterization of the health status of populations of wild mammals. This paper, for the first time, analyses the prevalence of TMJ osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) and the spectrum of osteoarthritic bone lesions of the TMJ in the Eastern Atlantic harbour seal (Phoca vitulina vitulina), applying a standardized scoring system...
May 2, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652025/chronic-periodontitis-prevalence-and-the-inflammatory-burden-in-a-sample-population-from-south-india
#5
S K Balaji, Vamsi Lavu, Suresh Rao
Context: Periodontal diseases are among the most prevalent oral diseases in the world. Apart from repercussions in the oral cavity, there is evidence that periodontitis contributes to systemic damage in chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and preterm low birth weight. Aims: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of chronic periodontitis in a sample urban population (<18 years) in Tamil Nadu and to estimate the inflammatory burden posed by chronic periodontitis by calculating the periodontal inflammatory surface area...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575885/periodontal-condition-in-patients-of-the-specialist-outpatient-clinics-at-the-institute-of-rural-health-in-lublin-poland
#6
Agnieszka Pawłowicz, Teresa Bachanek, Magdalena Klijer, Renata Chałas
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammation which, if remains untreated, can lead to the loss of teeth and supporting structures. Evidence data support the relationship of periodontal disease with the development and course of diseases such as heart attack, stroke, hypertension, chronic renal diseases, rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to conduct an assessment of periodontal status and periodontal needs in people from the rural environment who were patients of selected specialist outpatient clinics at the Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Poland...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552036/self-assembled-monolayers-for-dental-implants
#7
REVIEW
Sidónio C Freitas, Alejandra Correa-Uribe, M Cristina L Martins, Alejandro Pelaez-Vargas
Implant-based therapy is a mature approach to recover the health conditions of patients affected by edentulism. Thousands of dental implants are placed each year since their introduction in the 80s. However, implantology faces challenges that require more research strategies such as new support therapies for a world population with a continuous increase of life expectancy, to control periodontal status and new bioactive surfaces for implants. The present review is focused on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for dental implant materials as a nanoscale-processing approach to modify titanium surfaces...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538390/salivary-microbial-profiles-in-relation-to-age-periodontal-and-systemic-diseases
#8
Ronaldo Lira-Junior, Sigvard Åkerman, Björn Klinge, Elisabeth A Boström, Anders Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Analysis of saliva is emerging as a promising tool to diagnose and monitor diseases which makes determination of the salivary microbial profile in different scenarios essential. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of age, periodontal disease, sex, smoking, and medical conditions on the salivary microbial profile. DESIGN: A randomly selected sample of 441 individuals was enrolled (51% women; mean age 48.5±16.8). Participants answered a health questionnaire and underwent an oral examination...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520823/periodontal-profile-class-is-associated-with-prevalent-diabetes-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-systemic-markers-of-c-reactive-protein-and-interleukin-6
#9
James D Beck, Kevin L Moss, Thiago Morelli, Steven Offenbacher
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the Periodontal Profile Class (PPC) System that may be more informative and representative of periodontitis phenotypes than current case definitions of periodontitis. This study illustrates the unique aspects of the PPC compared with other periodontal indices for studying associations between periodontal disease and prevalent systemic conditions. METHODS: We computed odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals to compare associations between periodontal disease and prevalent systemic conditions using our new PPC and two traditional indices...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520772/the-effect-of-twice-daily-kiwifruit-consumption-on-periodontal-and-systemic-conditions-before-and-after-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Filippo Graziani, Nicola Discepoli, Stefano Gennai, Dimitra Karapetsa, Marco Nisi, Lea Bianchi, Nanning A Martijn Rosema, Ubele Van der Velden
BACKGROUND: To assess the nutraceutical effects of twice/daily intake of kiwifruit on periodontal parameters and systemic health before and after initial periodontal treatment (IPT). METHODS: At baseline, participants were randomly assigned to test and control group, and either consumed two kiwifruits/day for 5 months or no kiwifruit. In the first 2 months, no periodontal treatment was delivered (2 M). Subsequently, a session of full-mouth IPT within 24 hours was performed...
March 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446092/association-of-salivary-lactate-dehydrogenase-level-with-systemic-inflammation-in-a-japanese-population
#11
N Miyoshi, T Tanigawa, S Nishioka, K Maruyama, E Eguchi, K Tanaka, I Saito, K Yamazaki, Y Miyake
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was reported to be a useful parameter for the screening of periodontal disease. We performed a cross-sectional study to verify the usefulness of salivary LDH as a biomarker of periodontitis and to investigate the association of severity of periodontitis with systemic inflammation by measuring salivary LDH and serum high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in a community-based middle-aged and elderly population in Japan...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420098/smad6-methylation-represses-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-and-periodontal-inflammation
#12
T Zhang, J Wu, N Ungvijanpunya, O Jackson-Weaver, Y Gou, J Feng, T V Ho, Y Shen, J Liu, S Richard, J Jin, G Hajishengallis, Y Chai, J Xu
The balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory signals maintains tissue homeostasis and defines the outcome of chronic inflammatory diseases such as periodontitis, a condition that afflicts the tooth-supporting tissues and exerts an impact on systemic health. The induction of tissue inflammation relies heavily on Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling, which drives a proinflammatory pathway through recruiting myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) and activating nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NFκB)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395681/complement-involvement-in-bone-homeostasis-and-bone-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Yvonne Mödinger, Bettina Löffler, Markus Huber-Lang, Anita Ignatius
An integral part of innate immunity is the complement system, a defence system, consisting of fluid-phase and cell surface-bound proteins. Its role to ensure adequate responses to danger factors and thus promoting host defence against pathogens has been well described already for decades. Recently, numerous further reaching functions of complement have been discovered, among these are tissue homeostasis and regeneration, also with respect to the skeletal system. The influence of complement activation on bone was recognised first in pathological conditions of inflamed bone tissue and surrounding areas, observed, for example, in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis...
January 29, 2018: Seminars in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343164/inflammatory-and-oxidative-responses-in-pregnancies-with-obesity-and-periodontal-disease
#14
Marta Zambon, Chiara Mandò, Alessandra Lissoni, Gaia Maria Anelli, Chiara Novielli, Manuela Cardellicchio, Roberto Leone, Marta Noemi Monari, Maddalena Massari, Irene Cetin, Silvio Abati
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is related to immunologic and inflammatory systemic modifications that may worsen the pregnancy inflammatory status. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can adversely affect oral biofilms and oral health initiating or worsening periodontal diseases, with enhanced local and systemic oxidative stress and inflammation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between local salivary and systemic parameters of oxidative stress and inflammation in relation to obesity and periodontal diseases...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258491/dental-and-medical-health-status-and-oral-health-knowledge-among-visually-impaired-and-sighted-female-schoolchildren-in-riyadh-a-comparative-study
#15
Salwa A AlSadhan, Asma M Al-Jobair, Mariam Bafaqeeh, Hanadi Abusharifa, Maram Alagla
BACKGROUND: The impact of visual impairment on oral health in the literature is inconclusive, and the available information on the medical and dental health status of visually impaired children is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dental and medical health status, and to assess the oral health knowledge of visually impaired girls aged 6-12 years, and compare them to that of sighted children. METHODS: This analytical cross-sectional study was carried out on 79 visually impaired and 83 age-matched sighted female primary school children...
December 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224001/dental-caries-and-developmental-defects-of-enamel-in-the-primary-dentition-of-preterm-infants-case-control-observational-study
#16
Ina Manuela Schüler, Stefanie Haberstroh, Kristin Dawczynski, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
AIM: Assessment of dental health in the primary dentition of preterm infants (PTI) including investigation of mother- and infant-related risk factors in a case-control study design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight infants aged 3-4 years were included. Sixty-four PTI (27 males) were randomly selected from the preterm registry of the Jena University Hospital. As a control group served 64 full-term infants (FTI) recruited from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, matched for age and sex...
2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197785/impact-of-gingivitis-treatment-for-diabetic-patients-on-quality-of-life-related-to-periodontal-objective-parameters-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Sheila C Cortelli, Fernando O Costa, Antonio Gargioni-Filho, Davi R Aquino, Luis O M Cota, Alexandre P Scherma, Taís B Miranda, Jose R Cortelli
OBJECTIVES: Patients with diabetes have a poor oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). It is not clear if this situation could be changed with effective periodontal treatment. This study examined both patients with diabetes and systemically healthy individuals to discover the impact of a gingivitis treatment protocol on OHRQoL and its relation to objective periodontal parameters. DESIGN: After ultrasonic debridement, patients were randomly assigned to an essential-oils (EO) or placebo mouthwash group...
February 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142443/oral-health-and-erectile-dysfunction
#18
REVIEW
Vijendra P Singh, Sunil K Nettemu, Sowmya Nettem, Rajesh Hosadurga, Sangeeta U Nayak
Ample evidence strongly supports the fact that periodontal disease is a major risk factor for various systemic diseases namely cardio-vascular disease, diabetes mellitus, etc. Recently, investigators focussed on exploring the link between chronic periodontitis (CP) and erectile dysfunction (ED) by contributing to the endothelial dysfunction. Both the diseases share common risk factors. Various studies conducted in different parts of the world in recent years reported the evidence linking this relationship as well as improvement in ED with periodontal treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119958/-the-experience-with-the-application-of-ozone-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-periodontitis-in-musicians-instrumentalists
#19
A V Kislitsyna, A G Volkov, N Zh Dikopova, S S Akhmedbaeva, A L Shishmareva
Playing various musical instruments is the cause of an additional load that affects the condition of dentition and of all organs and body systems at large. Each group of instruments is known to exert a specific impact on the health of the musicians including the undesirable influence on the state of thir oral cavity, such as a change of occlusion and irritation of oral mucosa. Taken together, these effects contribute to the development of periodontal disease, one of the most common dental disorders. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ozone therapy conducted with the use of the generator producing ozone under effect of ultraviolet radiation for the treatment of periodontitis in musicians-instrumentalists...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114218/periodontitis-microbiomes-and-their-role-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Anna B Pritchard, StJohn Crean, Ingar Olsen, Sim K Singhrao
As far back as the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, microbial infections were responsible for vast numbers of deaths. The trend reversed with the introduction of antibiotics coinciding with longer life. Increased life expectancy however, accompanied the emergence of age related chronic inflammatory states including the sporadic form of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Taken together, the true challenge of retaining health into later years of life now appears to lie in delaying and/or preventing the progression of chronic inflammatory diseases, through identifying and influencing modifiable risk factors...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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